Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1664 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (22 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (262 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (30 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (16 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (90 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (56 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (953 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (44 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (175 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (953 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 201 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
Drustvena istrazivanja     Open Access  
Društvene i Humanističke Studije     Open Access  
Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
E-Dimas : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access  
E-Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
E-l@tina : Revista Electrónica de Estudios Latinoamericanos     Open Access  
Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Eat, Sleep, Work     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
EAU Heritage Journal Social Science and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economic and Regional Studies / Studia Ekonomiczne i Regionalne     Open Access  
Économie et Solidarités     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Educación, Lenguaje y Sociedad     Open Access  
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
EFB Bioeconomy Journal     Open Access  
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Ejovoc (Electronic Journal of Vocational Colleges)     Open Access  
El Ágora USB     Open Access  
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi / Electronic Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Emotions : History, Culture, Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Émulations : Revue de sciences sociales     Open Access  
Encuentros : Revista de Ciencias Humanas, Teoría Social y Pensamiento Crítico     Open Access  
Encuentros Multidisciplinares     Open Access  
Enfoques     Open Access  
Enjeux et société : Approches transdisciplinaires     Open Access  
Enlace Universitario     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Equidad y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Espace populations sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Avanzados     Open Access  
Estudios del Desarrollo Social : Cuba y América Latina     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Estudios digital     Open Access  
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access  
Estudios Latinoamericanos     Open Access  
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access  
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access  
Etcétera : Revista del Área de Ciencias Sociales del CIFFyH     Open Access  
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ethnic and Racial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Ethnobotany Research & Applications : a journal of plants, people and applied research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
eTropic : electronic journal of studies in the tropics     Open Access  
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
EUREKA : Social and Humanities     Open Access  
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Cooperation     Open Access  
European Journal of Futures Research     Open Access  
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies - Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European View     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ExT : Revista de Extensión de la UNC     Open Access  
Fa Nuea Journal     Open Access  
Families, Relationships and Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Family Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family Process     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Family Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fields: Journal of Huddersfield Student Research     Open Access  
Finance and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Fırat Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Flaubert     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Formation emploi     Open Access  
FORO. Revista de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales, Nueva Época     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Forskning & Forandring : Research and Change     Open Access  
Forum Ilmu Sosial     Open Access  
Forum Marsilius-Kolleg     Open Access  
Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Fourth World Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Fronteiras : Journal of Social, Technological and Environmental Science     Open Access  
Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Funes. Journal of Narratives and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Future Times     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Gdańskie Studia Azji Wschodniej     Open Access  
Genocide Studies and Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Genocide Studies International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Géographie et cultures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ghana Journal of Development Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Gizarte Ekonomiaren Euskal Aldizkaria : Revista Vasca de Economía Social     Open Access  
Global Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences     Open Access  
Global Journal of Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Global Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Graduate Journal of Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Graduate School Journal Chiang Rai Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Grafía     Open Access  
Grassroots     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Grief Matters : The Australian Journal of Grief and Bereavement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Gruppe. Interaktion. Organisation. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Organisationspsychologie (GIO)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
GSTF Journal of Law and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Guacamaya     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Güvenlik Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Hábitat y Sociedad     Open Access  
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hallazgos     Open Access  
Harmoni Sosial : Jurnal Pendidikan IPS     Open Access  
Hatyai Academic Journal     Open Access  
Hayula : Indonesian Journal of Multidisciplinary Islamic Studies     Open Access  
Herencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heritage     Open Access  
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Higher Education of Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Homo Ludens     Open Access  
HONAI : International Journal for Educational, Social, Political & Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Horizontes LatinoAmericanos     Open Access  
Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Human Behavior, Development and Society     Open Access  
Humanities and Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Humanities and Social Sciences Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Humanities and Social Sciences Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Graduate School, Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Humanities and Social Sciences Journal, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences Studies (HASSS)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Huria : Journal of the Open University of Tanzania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hydra : Interdisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
I+D Revista de Investigaciones     Open Access  
IASSIST Quarterly     Open Access  
Iberoforum. Revista de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Iberoamericana     Open Access  
Iconos. Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Idealogando : Revista de Ciências Sociais da UFPE     Open Access  
IdeAs. Idées d'Amérique     Open Access  
Identities : Journal for Politics, Gender and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
IDS Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Illness, Crisis & Loss     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Im@go. A Journal of the Social Imaginary     Open Access  
imagonautas : Revista interdisciplinaria sobre imaginarios sociales     Open Access  
Immigrants & Minorities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
In Situ : Au regard des sciences sociales     Open Access  
Inclusión y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Indiana University Journal of Undergraduate Research     Open Access  
Infinitum: Revista Multidisciplinar     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Informação em Pauta     Open Access  
Informes Científicos - Técnicos UNPA     Open Access  
Infrastructure Complexity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
INSANCITA : Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia     Open Access  
Integrated Social Science Journal : Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Mahidol University     Open Access  
Interações : Cultura e Comunidade     Open Access  
International and Multidisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Communication of Chinese Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Development Planning Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences (IJASOS)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal for Transformative Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Academic Research in Business, Arts & Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Bahamian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Business and Social Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Business, Humanities, Education and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Conflict and Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Cultural and Social Studies (IntJCSS)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cultural Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Culture and Modernity     Open Access  
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Divination and Prognostication     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Growth and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Iberian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Information, Diversity, & Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Innovative Research and Scientific Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Intercultural Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Korean Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Language and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Management and Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Management, Economics and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies     Open Access  
International Journal of Punishment and Sentencing, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Qualitative Methods     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Research and Scholarly Communication     Open Access  
International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Social and Allied Research     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Social and Humanistic Computing     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Social And Humanities Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Social and Organizational Dynamics in IT     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Social Research Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
International Journal of Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Social Science Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Social Sciences and Education Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
International Journal of Synergy and Research     Open Access  
International Journal of the Sociology of Leisure     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal Pedagogy of Social Studies     Open Access  
International Quarterly for Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

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Huria : Journal of the Open University of Tanzania
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0856-6739
Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [261 journals]
  • Land Tenure Security and Urban Agriculture: Focusing on the Vegetable
           Cultivation in Morogoro Municipality, Tanzania

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      Authors: Betty David Mntambo
      Abstract: Land tenure insecurity is one of the challenges facing urban dwellers given the increasing demand on land as the population increases in Tanzania. The main objective of this study was to examine the tenure security within urban agriculture on access to land. Specifically, it assessed different ways farmers’ access land for cultivation, the extent of land security among farmers, and implications of land tenure insecurity on vegetable cultivation. The study employed a cross-sectional design whereby snowball sampling was used to select 69 male and female vegetable farmers at the open space in Morogoro Municipality. Data was collected through household survey, in-depth interviews, observation and informal conversation. Results indicated that farmers access land through informal means by renting from the landlords who have legal land rights. Hence, social relationships have become important to access land while close relationship with the landlord determine the extent of land security a farmer has. Lastly, land tenure insecurity not only affects gardener’s vegetable cultivation but also creates uncertainty and hatred between farmers and their landlords. It is therefore imperative to integrate urban agriculture into urban development planning to enhance land tenure security of farmers since it has become permanent economic activity.  
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Effectiveness of Exemption Measure in Providing Healthcare Services among
           Old People in Tanzania: The case of Kasulu District

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      Authors: Minani Ntahosanzwe, Hossea Rwegoshora
      Abstract: The study aimed at assessing effectiveness of exemption measure in providing healthcare services for old people in public hospitals in Tanzania. The study was conducted in rural and urban areas of Kasulu district in Kigoma using cross sectional descriptive research design. The total number of respondents engaged in this study was 323. These included 304 old people, four medical doctors, eight nurses, one district medical officer and six social workers. Data were collected by using questionnaire, interview, focus group discussion, observation and documentary review. Qualitative data was analyzed by using thematic method while quantitative data were analyzed by using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) to obtain frequencies, percentages and statistical measures for triangulation purposes. Study findings revealed that exemption measure was partially implemented and less effective. Healthcare services in public hospitals were not easily accessible for old people under exemption measure. The major challenges affecting exemption measure is lack of essential medicine, bureaucratic procedures in executing exemption process and unofficial payments. The study hereby recommends that the government should enact law to enforce implementation of exemption and increase budget allocation to the health sector so as to increase availability of medicine and diagnostic instruments in public hospitals. Further, since the scope of the study was limited to Kasulu district; there is a need to conduct country survey to assess effectiveness of exemption measure in providing healthcare services for old people in Tanzania.  
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Watching the Watcher: Evaluating the Tanzania Revenue Authority in Its
           Administration of Tax

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      Authors: Helen B. Kiunsi
      Abstract: This article evaluates the role of the Tanzania Revenue Authority (TRA) in the administration of tax in Tanzania. It works on the premise that proper tax administration enforces tax compliance by taxpayers, with tax administrators better placed to understand principles, laws and procedures of taxation than taxpayers. Yet, tax administrators are not always impartial in collecting revenue from taxpayers. Therefore, this article argues that tax administrators in Tanzania must acquaint themselves with laws governing tax and adhere to their core values to enhance tax compliance and boost revenue for the country’s development. Moreover, the article calls for the amendment of the tax laws to make them much more tax-payer friendly to facilitate compliance and further boost government coffers.
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Seasonal Variability of Water Quality in the Zigi River, Northern Tanzania

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      Authors: Ramadhan Nyambukah, Matobola J. Mihale
      Abstract: Water quality parameters (colour, total suspended solids (TSS), turbidity, electrical conductivity (EC), pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), total dissolved solids (TDS), temperature, nitrate, phosphate and faecal coliforms) were evaluated during wet and dry seasons in relation to human activities in Zigi River and its tributaries. Samples were taken from nine strategic sampling points located in different areas of river. The samples were processed and analysed using established procedures. Results of temperature, EC, TDS, TSS, nitrate, colour, turbidity and E. coli were higher in wet season than in dry season. Significant variations (p < 0.05) of temperature, EC, TDS, nitrates, colour and turbidity with changing seasons were observed. Also, results on variations of other parameters were more or less the same in both seasons. Temperature, EC, TDS, nitrate and E. coli were increasing and DO decreasing downstream in both seasons probably due to increased anthropogenic activities along the river. High Pearson correlation coefficient (r2 > 0.53) observed between these parameters indicated that these values are closely related. Results of assessment of water using water quality index have revealed that the river water in both seasons is unsuitable for use as drinking water and that the water is more unsuitable for use during the wet season than during the dry season. Implications of the findings on water treatment are vivid and immediate measures are recommended to minimise the further diminishing quality of the water in this river and thus reduce the costs of treating the water for domestic use.  
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Evidence based impact of school inspection on teaching and learning in
           primary school education in Tanzania

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      Authors: Rose Ephraim Matete
      Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the impact of school inspection on teaching and learning in primary school education in Tanzania. The study was carried out in Mbeya region and data was collected qualitatively from 59 participants where 6 were head teachers, 44 classroom teachers, 8 school inspectors, and a District Education Officer (DEO). Data was collected through open-ended questionnaires, interviews, focus group discussions, and documentary analysis. The findings indicate that school inspectors gave some advice to teachers on how to teach and help the pupils with learning difficulties. However, it was found that school inspectors did not regularly visit the classroom for lesson observations to identify the strengths and weaknesses of teachers for the improvement of teaching and learning. The findings also indicate that school inspectors focused on the professional documents when evaluating the teachers’ work performance without classroom observation and helping teachers on how to teach the difficult topics that could be the added value of the school inspection. It was further found that school inspectors’ working conditions were poor as they lacked allowances to facilitate their school visits and they lacked a means of transport. It is argued in this paper that for teachers to grow professionally and improve the quality of teaching and learning in primary schools, school inspectors need to carry out classroom observations and be trained based on the subject matter. Nevertheless, improvement of the school inspectors’ work conditions and provision of a means of transport to the school inspectorate department is equally important
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Effect of Job Satisfaction on Organizational Commitment: Evidence from
           Employees of a Special Mission Organization in Rwanda

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      Authors: Jeanne Claudine Gasengayire, Proches Ngatuni
      Abstract: This study assessed the effect of job satisfaction and demographic characteristics on the organizational commitment of employees (N = 119) in Rwanda. The study adopted a cross-sectional survey design for data collection. Descriptive, correlation, standard, and hierarchical regression analysis techniques were used to carry out the analysis. The effect of intrinsic job satisfaction was positive and significant on overall organizational commitment, continuance, and normative commitment, but negative and significant on affective commitment. The opposite was the case for extrinsic job satisfaction, although the effect on affective commitment was insignificant. The effect of satisfaction with the work environment was positive but only significant on affective commitment and significantly negative on continuance commitment. Job satisfaction dimensions had a significant unique effect on the overall and all the organizational commitment dimensions, even after controlling for the effect of the five demographic characteristics. From the results, it is recommended that for the organization to enhance employees’ commitment, management should adopt measures that enhance job satisfaction among them. This study adds to the much-needed empirical evidence from the developing world, but more importantly, from a special mission organizational context, consistent with the interconnectedness of organizations across the globalized world.
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Perceptions and Practices of Heads of Schools’ Instructional Leadership
           in Public Secondary Schools in Biharamulo District, Tanzania

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      Authors: Logatus Logation, Daphina L. Mabagala, Winifrida Malingumu
      Abstract: The study aimed at examining the perceptions and practices of heads of schools’ instructional leadership in public secondary schools in Biharamulo district, Tanzania. A concurrent triangulation design using a sample of 75 was used. Data were collected using questionnaires for teachers, Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) for heads of schools and interviews for district secondary education officers. The quantitative data from questionnaires was analyzed using descriptive statistics while the qualitative data from interviews and FGDs were analyzed through thematic techniques. The study found that heads of schools perceived instructional leadership in terms of showing right direction about the teaching and learning process, ensuring the presence of teaching and learning resources and enhancing teachers’ teaching capacity. The study also found that heads of schools practiced instructional leadership in terms of supervising preparation of schemes of work and lesson plans, providing teaching and learning resources, promoting programme development, and in some occasions visiting teachers in classrooms. Furthermore, the study revealed that heads of schools’ instructional leadership is affected by lack of financial support, lack of training, teachers’ negligence, and heavy workload. Finally, the study recommends regular in-service trainings to be organized for heads of schools and more research to be carried out to examine the extent to which heads of schools employ instructional leadership practices.
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Does Homework type Affect Pupils’ Homework Management' Experience
           from Standard Five Pupils in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

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      Authors: Prisca Mbogo
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine whether homework type may have influence on pupils’ development of various Homework Management Strategies (HMS) for effective management of the homework assigned. 154 standard five pupils selected from two Public Primary Schools in Ubungo, Dar es Salaam were assigned into either of the two homework types namely, Interactive homework Assignment (IHA) and Non- Interactive Homework Assignments (Non-IHA). The homework management strategies include: (a) ability to set an appropriate work environment, (b) managing time, (c) handling distraction, (d) monitoring motivation, and (e) controlling negative emotions arising while doing the homework. A Homework Management Strategies (HMS) scale by Xu and Corno (2003) was adapted and used to solicit information on Homework Management Strategies from the pupils. Compared with Non-Interactive Homework assignments, pupils in IHA reported more frequently working to manage their workspace, budget time, handle distraction, monitor motivation, and control emotion while doing homework. This suggests a need to encourage the use of IHA in our public primary schools so as to enhance the use of the five HMS and consequently improve pupils’ learning.
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Utilization of ICT for Quality Assurance in Secondary

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      Authors: Kassimu Nihuka, Tuli A. Ngonile
      Abstract: The study reported in this paper investigated the perceived potential for utilization of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for quality assurance practices in secondary schools in Dar es Salaam. The study used survey research design and a total of 56 quality assurers (i.e., 53 school quality assurers and 03 chief school quality assurers) drawn from Dar es Salaam, Ilala, Kinondon and Temeke participated in the study. Structured questionnaires and interview guides were used to collect quantitative and qualitative data which were then analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and Data Reduction Technique respectively. Findings have revealed that there is a potential for utilization of ICT for quality assurance practices in secondary schools. Findings have shown that between 57.1% to 98.2% of quality assurers have access to computer (83.9% and mobile phones (98.2%). Also, over 50% of the school quality assurers are already utilizing ICT for report writing (66.1%), storage of information (58.9%), to access stored information (53.6%) and to surf educational resources (50%). However, about 40% of the quality assurers lack ICT knowledge of basic computer applications. Appropriate recommendations are suggested based on the findings and discussion.
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Overview of TVET Institutional Capacity in Addressing Dynamic Labour
           Market: The Case of Tanzania and Selected Two Asian Tiger Nations

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      Authors: Hildegardis E. Bitegera, Elifas T. Bisanda
      Abstract: In most developed countries, technical and vocational education and training (TVET) system has been considered to be among the key players for industrial growth through production of competent and skilled labour forces.  However, TVET system in Tanzania has not been able to produce graduates who meet satisfactorily the skill demand of industries. The study examined the TVET institutional' capacity in addressing dynamic labour market. The study used a combination of instruments including questionnaires, semi-structured interviews, and observations to collect data from Tanzania and two Asian Tiger Nations, Singapore and the Republic of Korea. A total of 219 respondents were selected using simple random, stratified, and purposive sampling techniques. In summary, the study found that while conditions are very friendly in the two Asian Tiger Nations, Tanzania's TVET system is facing the short- supply of technically skilled workforce. The study has revealed further that among other factors influencing the effectiveness of TVET system in Tanzania are inadequate and poor teaching and learning infrastructure; outdated TVET curricula, teaching staff who not only lack practical experience but also lack the ability to interpret and apply labour market data and information. In ensuring that TVET system optimally contributes to economic development in Tanzania, lessons to be learnt from the two Asian Tiger Nations include establishing and strengthening strong partnerships among TVET institutions and industries and continuously monitoring of the relevance of TVET learning packages and curricula in line with current needs of industries.
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Agencification and Minorization in Tanzania: A Case of Registration
           Insolvency and Trusteeship Agency (RITA)

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      Authors: Emmanuel Joseph Mallya
      Abstract: This study explores the impact of the creation of executive agencies on minorities in Tanzania. Using the Registration Insolvency and Trusteeship Agency (RITA) as a unit of analysis, the study highlights the role institutions play in reshaping societal dynamics particularly in reformed institutions that serve as agents for distributing opportunities to various societal groups. Specifically, the study carried out a critical analysis of RITA and found that despite the agency’s concerted efforts towards providing services to the wider community, its structure and funding have inadvertently resulted in unequal provision of services to different groups contrary to its mandate. The study, therefore, emphasises the need to monitor and scrutinise on continual basis the existing, reformed and newly-created institutions as well as mechanisms put in place to minimise the effects of structural marginalisation, which contribute to the minorization of certain groups in society.  
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Non Formal Education and Poverty Reduction in Tanzania: A Case Study of
           Catholic Nuns’ Institutions in Kilimanjaro Region

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      Authors: Fulgensia Kweka , George Kahangwa
      Abstract: This paper is based on a study that examines how Catholic Nun’s institutions (CNIs) use non-formal education (NFE) to reduce poverty in Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania. The article analyzes how CNIs provide NFE to bring about social development in Kilimanjaro communities. The study employed the theory of Constructivism to ascertain participatory and collaborative methods as principles of teaching youths and adults in CNIs. The study revealed that after attainment of independence in Tanzania, missionary institutions were also obliged to adhere to government's education policy and regulations in their running of educational institutions. Such changes made CNIs form another way of providing non-formal education. Furthermore, due to technological advancement, the changes in teaching methodology ushered in the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). This caused CNIs to face lack of qualified and enough teachers. Lack of NFE therefore is the source of missing self-employment and confidence to create new skills for reducing poverty. The study concludes that NFE provided by CNIs in Kilimanjaro communities have been supportive to social development. The study insists that CNIs should upgrade their provision of non-formal education which can bring economic changes and facilitate the achievement of high standards of life in Kilimanjaro and elsewhere.
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Components of Teachers’ Pedagogical Content Knowledge Associated with
           Children’s Acquisition of Kiswahili Pre-reading Skills in Rural Tanzania
           

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      Authors: Geraldina Edward, Richard Shukia
      Abstract: This study examined the components of teachers’ pedagogical content knowledge associated with children’s acquisition of Kiswahili pre-reading skills in high and low performing rural public schools, Tanzania. Stratified random sampling and purposive sampling were used to obtain 175 participants. Questionnaire, observation, semi-structured interview, documentary review, and tests were the methods employed for data collection. An independent sample t-test and thematic analyses were employed. Results indicated that teachers possessed moderate knowledge of Kiswahili pre-reading skills content but they had low pedagogical knowledge and knowledge of children’s thinking around Kiswahili pre-reading skills. Teachers limited pedagogical content knowledge was mainly associated with inadequate training in pre-primary education among others. Thus, teachers limited pedagogical content knowledge of Kiswahili pre-reading skills was associated with children’s low acquisition of Kiswahili pre-reading skills. To maximize children’s learning outcomes, acquisition of Kiswahili pre-reading skills in particular, comprehensive pre-service and in-service training should be guaranteed to obtain qualified teachers to teach in pre-primary schools. School quality assurance monitoring mechanisms should be strengthened and they should visit pre-primary classes and monitor Kiswahili pre-reading skills teaching process so as to improve children’s acquisition of the skills.
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Resources Management and Human-Wildlife Conflicts in Ngorongoro Tanzania

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      Authors: Edwin Nyerembe, Magreth Bushesha
      Abstract: The study aimed to establish the status of human-wildlife conflicts over resources in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area in Tanzania. The study used a questionnaire and guiding questions to collect data. The data were analysed using descriptive statistical analysis and content analysis approaches. The findings indicate that Human-Wildlife Conflict (HWC) persists in the NCA. Wild animals exposed to harassment exhibited aggressive behaviors compared to others, and wild animals prowling at night predated all NCA-related domestic animals. Competition over resources between human beings, livestock, and wild animals causes HWC in the NCAA. In minimizing HWC, the villagers constructed strong fences around bomas and introduced zoning for grazing in some areas suitable for wild animals. The study concludes that the NCAA must continue providing conservation knowledge to the natives, promoting livestock predation compensation schemes, advocating building bomas using solid fences, and employing participatory treatment of WHC-related cases. The study recommends that natives in the NCAA area take precautions to avoid grazing their livestock in areas with a high degree of predation. In addition, relevant authorities should address rabid cases in the NCA.
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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