Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1836 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (22 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (272 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (30 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (16 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (100 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (59 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (1085 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (44 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (192 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (1085 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
(En)clave Comahue. Revista Patagónica de Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3C Empresa     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
A contrario     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
AAS Open Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Abant Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abordajes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Academicus International Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acta Humana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Actes de la Journée des Sciences et Savoirs     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Adelphi series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 270)
Administrative Theory & Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
África     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
African Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Afrika Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ágora : revista de divulgação científica     Open Access  
Ágora de Heterodoxias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
AKADEMOS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Mabsut : Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AL-Qadissiya Magzine for Human Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aleph : UCLA Undergraduate Research Journal for the Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aletheia : Revista de Desarrollo Humano, Educativo y Social Contemporáneo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Algarrobo-MEL     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Alinteri Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alliage     Free  
Alteridade     Open Access  
Ambigua : Revista de Investigaciones sobre Género y Estudios Culturales     Open Access  
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Anais do Congresso de Pesquisa e Extensão e da Semana de Ciências Sociais da UEMG/Barbacena     Open Access  
Anais Eletrônicos do Congresso Epistemologias do Sul     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anales de la Universidad de Chile     Open Access  
Análisis     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Andamios. Revista de Investigacion Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anduli : Revista Andaluza de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Ankara Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ankara University SBF Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Humanities and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Annuaire de l’EHESS     Open Access  
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Anthurium : A Caribbean Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Approches inductives : Travail intellectuel et construction des connaissances     Open Access  
Apuntes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apuntes de Investigación del CECYP     Open Access  
Arbejdspapirer : Professionshøjskolen Metropol     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arbetsliv i omvandling     Open Access  
Arbor     Open Access  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Argumentos : Revista do Departamento de Ciências Sociais da Unimontes     Open Access  
Argumentos. Revista de crítica social     Open Access  
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do CMD : Cultura, Memória e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
ArtefaCToS : Revista de estudios sobre la ciencia y la tecnología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Articulo - Journal of Urban Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of German and European Studies     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Quality of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Astrolabio, Nueva Época     Open Access  
Ateneo Chinese Studies Program Lecture Series     Open Access  
Aurum Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Population Studies     Open Access  
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BARATARIA. Revista Castellano-Manchega de Ciencias sociales     Open Access  
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Behavioural Sciences Undergraduate Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Berkeley Undergraduate Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bhakti Persada : Jurnal Aplikasi IPTEKS     Open Access  
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 55)
Bildhaan : An International Journal of Somali Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Black Sea Journal of Public and Social Science     Open Access  
Black Women, Gender & Families     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Bodhi : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Body Image     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletín Memoria     Open Access  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Borderlands Journal : Culture, Politics, Law and Earth     Open Access  
Brain and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
BU Academic Review     Open Access  
Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Social Informatics Theory and Application     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Búsqueda     Open Access  
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cadernos de Ciências Sociais Aplicadas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Estudos Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
California Journal of Politics and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cambio : Rivista sulle Trasformazioni Sociali     Open Access  
Caminho Aberto : Revista de Extensão do IFSC     Open Access  
Campos en Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Caradde : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Castalia : Revista de Psicología de la Academia     Open Access  
Catalan Social Sciences Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chandrakasem Rajabhat University Journal of Graduate School     Open Access  
Changing Societies & Personalities     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
China Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Social Science and Management     Open Access  
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cidadania em Ação : Revista de Extensão e Cultura: Notícias     Open Access  
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciência ET Praxis     Open Access  
Ciencia y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Técnica y Mainstreaming Social     Open Access  
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciências Sociais Unisinos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Sociales y Religión/Ciências Sociais e Religião     Open Access  
CienciaUAT     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Científic@ : Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access  
Circular Economy and Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Civilizar Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CMU Journal of Law and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cogent Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Colección Académica de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Community Empowerment     Open Access  
Compendium     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Comuni@cción     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comunitania : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ConCiencia     Open Access  
Confluenze Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani     Open Access  
Connections     Open Access  
Conocimiento, Investigación y Educación CIE     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
CONTRA : RELATOS desde el Sur     Open Access  
Contribuciones desde Coatepec     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Convergencia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cooperativismo y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
CRDCN Research Highlight / RCCDR en évidence     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Critical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CTheory     Open Access  
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales - Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales. Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access  
Cultura Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Cultura y Representaciones Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultural Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)

        1 2 3 4 5 6     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2006-6996
Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [263 journals]
  • Pharmacognostic, elemental and acute toxicity study of Fadogia agrestis
           root

    • Authors: M.M. Namadina, B.S. Aliyu, S. Ibrahim, Y. Mukhtar, R.L. Abbas, A.T. Bako, R.M. Kamal, U. Sunusi, A. Muttaka, H. Sunusi, S.S. Hafiz, A.A. Aliko, M.M. Adamu, A.M. Umar, A.I. Sale, K.D. Abubakar, A.Y. Yunusa, N.M. Abdullahi, A.U. Mukhtar, N. Yakubu
      Pages: 1 - 11
      Abstract: An aphrodisiac is a type of food or drink that has the effect of making those who eat or drink it more aroused in a sexual way. Aphrodisiacs can be categorized according to their mode of action into three groups: substances that increase libido (i.e. sexual arousal), substances that increase sexual potency (i.e. effectiveness of erection) and substances that increase sexual pleasure. Fadogia agrestis (Schweing. Ex. Hiern), Rubiacea (Hausa: Bakin gagai; English name: Black aphrodisiac) is an erect shrub 1-3 feets high. Fadogia agrestis is a medicinal plant widely used for its reported antibacterial and aphrodisiac activities. The aim of this work is to carry out pharmacognostic standardization and safety profile on Fadogia agrestis root. Chemomicroscopic, physicochemical, elemental, phytochemical and acute toxicity studies were carried out using standard methods. The results obtained also provided scientific basis for the use of in folklore medicine. Chemomicroscopic characters present include; cellulose
      cell wall, lignified cell wall, tannins, starch, calcium oxalate and cutin. The physicochemical parameters evaluated include: moisture content (7.0%), total ash (10.5%), water soluble ash (4.1%), acid insoluble ash (8.33%), ethanol extract (15.0%), and water extractive value (12.0%). The quantitative phytochemical analysis showed that alkaloids (84.0 mg/g) was the highest phytochemical detected in the stem bark while the lowest was saponins (4.0 mg/g).LD50 of both extracts was above 5000 mg/kg and did not cause mortality in all the tested rats. The results of this investigation may be useful for deriving doses that are safe for human consumption of F. agrestis root. 
      PubDate: 2021-02-08
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.1
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Multivariate geometric autoregressive and autoregressive moving average
           models

    • Authors: S.M. Umar, S. Bala
      Pages: 12 - 18
      Abstract: We present Autoregressive (AR) and autoregressive moving average (ARMA) processes with multivariate geometric (MG) distribution. The theory of positive dependence is used to show that in many cases, multivariate geometric autoregressive (MGAR) and multivariate autoregressive moving average (MGARMA) models consist of associated random variables. We also provide a special case of the multivariate geometric autoregressive model in which it is stationary and has multivariate geometric distribution.
      PubDate: 2021-02-08
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.2
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Modification and simulation of asphalt blowing unit (ABU) - hot oil system

    • Authors: M.S. Adamu, I.A. Muhammed-Dabo, S. Bilal, G.Y. Albert, A.H. Mashi
      Pages: 19 - 23
      Abstract: This work focuses on the modification and simulation of asphalt blowing unit- hot oil system of Kaduna Refining and Petrochemical Company (KRPC). The modification involves an introduction of a 10-inch bye-pass line to the hot oil drum which helps in preventing oil loss and decrease heater duty for better efficiency and cost effective system. While the original and modified units were simulated using ASPEN HYSYS with
      the aim of observing the effect of temperature on the heater duty of the units and to determine the volume of hot oil lost from the hot oil drum due to flashing. After successful completion of the simulation, the amount of vapour lost per hour for the operational system was found to be 0.3853 m3, with a heater duty of 32240 kcal/hr while for the modified system is 0.3841 m3 and 11480 kcal/hr for amount of vapour loss and heater duty respectively. Prior to the modification, the oil is replenished at an interval of 48hrs which is totally avoidable. The introduction of bye-pass line helps to prevent oil loss and reduce heater duty by 64.40%.
      PubDate: 2021-02-08
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.3
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Effect of beneficiation of Harin-Hamza Futuk bentonite for drilling fluid
           formulation

    • Authors: S. Bilal, I.A. Mohammed-Dabo, J.A. Muhammad, S.M. Shuwa
      Pages: 24 - 32
      Abstract: This research focused on beneficiation and characterization of raw Garin Hamza Futuk (GHF) Bentonite for oil and gas drilling fluid formulation. The FTIR results confirmed that GHF bentonitic clay is rich in montmorillonite mineral noticed at approximately 3620-3630cm-1 stretching band in the higher frequency level. In the lower frequency region, montmorillonite had a strong band at 1024.24 and 1028.09 cm-1 for Sivibration of layered silicates.The X-ray fluorescence (XRF) results showed slight reduction in free silica (Quartz) by about 1%. The SEM images of the beneficiated samples were more dispersed than the raw sample with some large flocs structure confirming their montmorillonitic nature. The optimum amount of poly anionic cellulose (PAC)used for instant drilling fluid formulation was found to be at 2.0 g, while the aged formulation was achieved at 0.8g PAC when compared with the API grade. Hence, GHF bentonite can be used for drilling fluid formulation.
      PubDate: 2021-02-08
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.4
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Compost making from refuse sourced from Kano Metropolitan, Kano State,
           Nigeria

    • Authors: I.A. Yola, I.S. Diso
      Pages: 33 - 39
      Abstract: Municipal-solid waste (MSW) in towns and cities of Nigeria are either allowed to rot or burnt which causes the release of greenhouse gases in the process. The heap of uncollected refuse in Kano municipal causes serious health hazards and menacing public disorder. This research investigated the Kano municipal refuse for compost making, instead of using waste disposal technique such as landfilling. Refuse samples from Dorayi/Zage and Rimin Kira refuse dumping sites Kano Municipal, Kano State Nigeria were collected. The refuse samples were sorted and all the non-biodegradables materials were removed. A compost was made from Sample N in 20 days while 9 days was required to produce a compost from sample P. Kjeldahl Nitrogen determination method and simple procedure for total carbon determination method were used to determine the percentages of nitrogen and carbon in the samples. The results have shown that, the percentages of nitrogen in the samples were found to be 1.64% for sample N and 1.71% for sample P. The percentages of carbon in the samples are 6.8% for sample N and 6.3% for sample P. The C/N ratio for sample N was 4.15:1 and that of sample P was 3.69:1.Kano municipal refuse contains a lot of organic wastes which are very difficult to incinerate. Therefore, Composting method is the best option for the disposal of the refuse rather than directly dumped in the streets.
      PubDate: 2021-02-08
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.5
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • An evaluation of the critical factors influencing productivity of masonry
           work in construction sites in Kano, Nigeria

    • Authors: J.D. Jibril, M.A. Mukarram
      Pages: 40 - 48
      Abstract: Construction labour productivity is of great interest to practitioners and researchers because it affects the performance and success of the project. This research assesses and ranks factors that critically influenced productivity of masonry work for some selected within Kano metropolis, Nigeria. A total of sixty three (63) respondents which include construction experts from lower to top management levels of various positions were selected. Structured questionnaire related to masonry labour and productivity was distributed to the selected respondents. The four most critical factors that negatively influence labour productivity of masonry as identified by the respondents work were found to be delayed in payment process. Payment process discourages some qualified contractors from bidding for the job, material quantity which result in stoppage of material delivery, security of life and property. Security as a constraint has negative and significant influence on the program of projects and worker experience. Lack of labour
      experience has a very high effect on productivity; experience improves both intellectual and physical abilities that improve productivity.
      The inferences drawn from this study could be used by the project managers to take account of these factors at an early stage in order to improve labour productivity of workers on construction site in Nigerian.
      PubDate: 2021-02-08
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.6
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Central composite design optimization of copper (ii) ions removal in
           aqueous solution using azadirachta indica (neem) leaf powder

    • Authors: M.S. Sulaiman
      Pages: 49 - 56
      Abstract: Biosorption is considered as a potential method for the removal of heavy toxic metals from waste solution and as alternative to other conventional process such as precipitation, ion exchange, electrochemical treatment and evaporative recovery, especially, when the concentration of the heavy metal ion is low. In the present study, (Azadirachta indica) neem leaves Powder (NLP), was investigated for the removal of Cu(II) ions from aqueous solution based on modelling and optimization. Central composite design was successfully applied to develop a response surface to optimize medium conditions. Characterisations of the NLP was conducted, and the effects of contact time (0-180 minutes), Cu(II) ion concentration (10
      (298-318 K) and dosage (0.52.5 g/L) were studied in batch process. The optimal adsorption of copper obtained was found to be 308 K, 97.5min and 1.5g respectively resulting in 100% of adsorption of copper The analysis with FTIR indicated thyat possible hydroxyl and carboxyl functional groups are involved in metal CU(II) ions biosorption. Adsorption isotherms were modelled by the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm equations, with the former providing a better fit for the data. Results obtained from this study indicate that NLP is a very promising candidate for the low-cost and high-capacity removal of Cu(II) ions from aqueous solution. 
      PubDate: 2021-02-08
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.7
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Assessment of indoor air bacterial load and antibiotic susceptibility
           profile of bacteria from some hospitals in Dutse, Jigawa State

    • Authors: B. Mohammed, I. Haruna
      Pages: 57 - 66
      Abstract: Indoor air microbial communities play significant roles on the increase in hospitals acquired infections globally. In view of the importance of indoor air bacterial quality in the transmission of nosocomial infections, a study was conducted to assess the air bacterial load and antibiotic susceptibility profile of bacteria from some hospitals in Dutse, Jigawa State. A total of 114 air samples were collected and analyzed using standard procedures from wards and units of Rasheed Shekoni Teaching Hospital Dutse, General Hospital Dutse and Primary Health Care Centre Shuwarin. Settling plate
      technique was employed and sampling was done twice daily (Morning and Afternoon). Aerobic mesophilic bacterial counts were conducted. Isolates were identified according to standard methods. The Medical Surgical Ward (MSW) revealed the highest airborne bacterial count (2.770x103 CFU/m3). General Hospital Dutse was found to have a higher indoor bacterial load than Rasheed Shekoni Teaching Hospital and Primary Healthcare Centre Shuwarin. Airborne Gram positive cocci were the most frequently detected (100%) in all the indoor environments. Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis and Escherichia coli were the bacterial species identified in the study. It was observed that the bacterial isolates were more susceptible to gentimicin. The findings revealed the presence of five (5) methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus isolates (MRSA) 60% in Male Medical Ward (MMW), 20% in Female Medical Ward (FMW), and 20% in Post-natal Ward (PNW). In conclusion, 84.2% of the hospitals’ units were having aerobic mesophilic bacterial counts within the acceptable limits. It is recommended that disinfection of male, female and post-natal wards should be intensified.
      PubDate: 2021-02-08
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.8
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Analysis of respirable and inhalable particle in Obaretin during dry
           season

    • Authors: T.F. Ediagbonya, E.E. Ukpebor, F.E. Okieimen
      Pages: 67 - 73
      Abstract: Application of effective abatement plan to curtail particulate matter is only conceivable when the emission sources have been uniquely identified and characterized. SKC high volume gravimetric sampler Model 210-5000, serial no 20537 and respirable foam were used to capture the respirable
      particle and the inhalable particle at five different locations in Obaretin between December 2008 to April 2009. The foam and the glass fibre filter were analyzed for trace metals (NI, Cr, Zn, Co, Fe, Mn, Cu, Pb and Cd) by using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometric, (AAS). From the analysed trace metals Ni and Co were below detection limit and the trace metal Cd was moderately enriched. The total mean concentration values of the analyzed trace metals for inhalable particle (Fe: 1.70ssmg/m3 , Zn:0.0532mg/m3, Cu:0.1370mg/m3, Mn:0.034mg/m3, Cd:0.04452mg/m3, Pb: 0.15226mg/m3, Cr: 0.0070mg/m3). Trace metals in respirable particles, the total mean concentration values of the analysed trace metals are: (Fe: 1.4536mg/m3, Zn:0.0456mg/m3, Cu:0.1206mg/m3, Mn:0.1130mg/m3, Cd:0.2098mg/m3, Pb:0.13560mg/m3, Cr: 0.10000mg/m3) Ni and Co were below detection limit. The spatial distribution were insignificant (P>0.05). The values obtained in this study violated the available WHO limit and fell within the purview of OSHA limit.
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.9
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Antibiotic resistance patterns of salmonella typhi isolated from
           ready-to-eat vegetable salads hawked in Kano Metropolis

    • Authors: B. Mohammed, A.U. Muhammad
      Pages: 74 - 80
      Abstract: A total of 200 samples of Ready – to – Eat (RTE) vegetable salads were aseptically purchased randomly from hawkers in eight Local Governments of Kano State, Nigeria. The aerobic mesophilic bacterial count was conducted according to standard techniques. Samples were further screened for S. Typhi and C. jejuni using standard procedures. Isolates of the two bacterial species were subjected to antibiotic sensitivity testing using Kirby Buer disk diffusion technique. The total aerobic bacteria count ranged from 1.200x105 to 1.70x105 cfu/g. A total of 36 bacterial isolates from the RTE vegetables were identified as C. jejuni (18%) and 97 (48.5%) as S. Typhi. Ninety percent (90%) of the isolates were found to be resistant to the assayed antibiotics. C. jejuni was highly sensitive (98.4%) to gentamicin. TEM genes were detected in 40% of the C. jejuni isolates while 60% were detected in S. Typhi isolates. RTE vegetable salads hawked in study areas are contaminated with C. jejuni and S. Typhi and the isolates were resistant to most of the antibiotics tested. It is recommended that hazard analysis and critical control point of ready to eat food should be observed.
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.10
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Evaluation of nutritional quality and mineral composition of fermented
           milk (nono) sold in Kano, north-western Nigeria

    • Authors: E.M. Omola, A.H. Kawo, A. Bukar
      Pages: 81 - 88
      Abstract: Nono is produced traditionally by spontaneous fermentation in homes, especially in villages where the safety of the product is not considered and due to the increasing environmental pollution, toxic elements may find their way into the food chain which may create significant health concerns. This study therefore, was conducted to evaluate the nutritional quality and mineral composition of nono milk sold in Kano, North-Western Nigeria using standard procedures. The physical and nutritional characteristics including protein, carbohydrate, ash, moisture, fat and total solids were determined using the method of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists while the elemental content was determined using flame atomic absorption spectroscopy analytic method. The mean protein content ranged from 2.90 to 7.0%, carbohydrate 4.60 - 8.20%, ash content 0.50 - 0.85%, moisture content 79.82 - 87.0%, fat content 2.90 - 4.66% and total solid 8.60 - 12.43%. The values of protein content and that of carbohydrate obtained in this study exceeded the FAO standard. The mean sodium content ranged from 2.22 - 3.28 mh/l, potassium (0.86 - 2.65mg/l), magnesium (3.95 0 6.30 mg/l), calcium (39.85 - 59.07 mg/l), iron (1.23 - 4.53 mg/l), copper (0.61 0 1.28mg/l), zinc (0.43 - 0.64 mg/l), cadmium (0.00 - 0.03 mg/l), chromium (0.78 - 1.58 mg/l), and lead (0.00 - 1.07 mg/l).. The value of lead observed in Dawakin tofa is significantly higher than other markets and this constitutes serious risk to public health. It is recommended that studies on preservation methods should be carried out as it affects nono production.
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.11
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Antiulcerogenic activity of methanol extract from Ipomoea asarifolia
           leaves in Wistar rats

    • Authors: A.E. Aiwonegbe, I.F. Omenai, K.O. Ogbeide, G.O. Benjamin, I.R. Eikpe
      Pages: 89 - 95
      Abstract: The phytochemical constituents and the antiulcerogenic activity of methanolic extract from Ipomoea asarifolia leaf were investigated to ascertain its medicinal potentials. The study revealed that the leaf contained saponins, tannins, alkaloids, terpenoids and eugenols. The methanolic extract was used as a protective agent against gastric ulcer in Wistar rats, using the experimental model of gastric ulcer (lesion) induced by ethanol. The ulcer count for the methanol extract ranged from 0.00 to 2.00, while the ulcer index ranged between 0.33 to 2.00 for all concentrations (100, 200 and 400mg/kg). Percentage inhibition at 100, 200 and 400mg/kg were respectively 25.09%, 12.73% and 87.64%. The extract prevented acute gastric mucosal injury induced by absolute ethanol in a non dose-dependent manner. This is because the protective action was observed at the lowest and highest doses, but not an intermediate dose of the extract. The results obtained indicate that the leaf extract has antiulcerogenic importance and may be utilized for the treatment of gastric ulcers.
      PubDate: 2021-02-10
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.12
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Structural elucidation, thermal studies and antimicrobial screening of
           mixed ligans complexes of 4-benzylimino-2,3-dimethyl-1-phenylpyrazal-5-one
           and L-Lysine

    • Authors: E.T. Omotade, A.P. Oviawe
      Pages: 96 - 103
      Abstract: The mixed ligand complexes involving Fe(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) ions, Schiff base 4 phenylpyrazal-5-one (L1) and L-lysine (Lys) were synthesized. The complexes were characterized on the basis of their elemental analysis, conductivity measurements, FT-IR, MS,1H-NMR and 13C-NMR spectral studies. All the synthesized complexes were subjected to simultaneous thermogravimetric analysis to study their decomposition mechanism and thermal stability. The mixed ligand complexes were screened against some strains of bacteria and fungi to study their antimicrobial activity. The complexes were found to be non-electrolytes and possessed octahedral geometry. The results showed that the metal complexes possessed better antimicrobial activity than the free ligands.
      PubDate: 2021-02-10
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.13
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Physicochemical and functional characterization of chitosan prepared from
           Schistocerca gregaria (desert grasshopper) and the investigation of its
           antimicrobial activity

    • Authors: U. Ali, M.U. Baffa, Y. Shamsuddeen
      Pages: 104 - 110
      Abstract: Chitosan a versatile bioploymer was prepared from Schistocerca gregaria (desert grasshopper). The physicochemical parameters associated with the prepared chitosan were analyzed. Percentage yields (25.23%), ash content (3.25%), moisture content (1.72%), fat binding capacity (399.91%), pH (6.7-7.0), solubility (2% acetic acid) and degree of deacetylation (97.68%) were all established. FTIR and surface morphology (via SEM) analyses were carried out on the prepared chitosan. The activity of the prepared chitosan was tested against two gram positive bacterial species (Escherichia coli, Salmonella Typhi), one gram negative bacterial species (Staphylococcus aureus) and three fungi (Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergilus fumigatus) by agar well diffusion methods. The results revealed that the chitosan inhibited the growth of microbes in vitro. 
      PubDate: 2021-02-10
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.14
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Investigating the environmental pollution caused by steel slag in Dana
           steel rolling mill plant, Katsina

    • Authors: I.A. Yola, A.A. Sanni
      Pages: 111 - 115
      Abstract: Presence of heavy metals in the soil may contaminate the surrounding environment which causes chronic diseases. The waste steel slag in Dana steel rolling mill Katsina, Nigeria is always dumped within the premises of the company. Therefore, this research examined the level of environmental pollution caused by the deposited steel slag. Minipal 4 version of PW4030 X –Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer (XRF Spectrometer) was used to analyse the chemical composition of sample A (slag), sample B (mill scale), sample C (humus soil) and sample D (humus soil and slag) at Centre for Energy Research and Training, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. Chemical compounds were detected in all the samples with oxides, Fe2O3 (11.8% - 86.13%) and SiO2 (4.41% - 57.7%) dominating. Product moment correlation coefficient was used to compare the effect of Slag (sample A) on Humus soil (sample C). The result obtained has shown that, the calculated value r = + 0.763 is greater than the table value r = + 0.483 at 5% level of significance and 15 d.f. This indicates that, the correlation between the two samples is highly significant. Fe2O3, MnO and ZnO trace elements in the humus soil were enriched after cultured with slag sample and P2O5, K2O, CaO, and SO3 trace elements that are useful for plants growth and development were leached.
      PubDate: 2021-02-11
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.15
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Intestinal parasites among primary and secondary school children of Egor
           Local Government Area, Edo State

    • Authors: Z. Omoruyi, Q.Z. Onimisi
      Pages: 116 - 121
      Abstract: The study was carried out to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites among school children of Egor Local Government Area, Edo State. The correlation between their various activities like source of water, type of toilet, method of washing hands with the infection were examined. 250 stool samples of participants consisting of 111 males and 139 females were examined using the formol-ether concentration method. Questionnaires were administered to the children to collect information on Sociodemographic activities. The overall prevalence rate of the various parasitic infections was 16(6.4%), with 6(5.4%) prevalence rate of infection among males and 10(7.2%) among the females. From the study, the age group of 10-13 years old have high rate of infection 13(9.8%) followed by 6-9years old 3(4.4%).Sex did not (p<0.05) significantly affect the pattern of infection (P>0.05) but age affected it significantly The children with Ascaris lumbricoides recorded the highest prevalence rate of 6(2.4%), followed by Hookworm (Ancylostoma duodenale) infection 3(1.2%); Enterobius vermicularis 2(0.8%); Entamoeba coli 2(0.8%); Schistosoma japonicum 1(0.4%); Strongyloides stercoralis 1(0.4%) and Round worm 1(0.4%). The results further support public education on good personal hygiene and the dangers of open defeacation in fields and water ways.

      PubDate: 2021-02-11
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.16
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Antiplasmodial and haematological effects of Senna occidentalis leaf
           ethanolic extracts on Swiss albino mice infected with Plasmodium berghei

    • Authors: S.M. Babangida, G.J. Sow, D.M. Shehu
      Pages: 122 - 128
      Abstract: A research was conducted to investigate the haematological effects of ethanolic leaf extracts of Senna occidentalis on Swiss albino mice infected with 0.2 ml of Plasmodium berghei infected blood. Fifteen (15) mice weighing between 140-260g were assigned into five study groups of three mice each. The first group is treated with 0.2 mL of normal saline (drug free control). Group 2, 3, 4 were treated with 100, 200, and 400mg/kg of the
      ethanolic leaf extract respectively while group 5 received 10mg/kg of chloroquine phosphate. All doses were administered orally. The results obtained were analyzed using Analysis of Variance with Duncan’s Multiple Range Test to separate the means. The result of the preliminary phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of alkaloids, saponins, cardiac glycosides, diterpenoids, flavonoids, steroids, tannins, Triterpenoids, carbohydrates and proteins. The level of parasite suppression ranges from 35% to 75% and the activity increased with increase in concentration of the extracts (dose dependent). The extracts were found to increase the level of some haematological parameters such as Red Blood Cells, White Blood Cells and Haemoglobin. The effect is concentration dependent, increases with increase in concentration. Thus, the anti plasmodial efficacy of the leaf extract of S. occidentalis on P. berghei is confirmed. It is recommended that , 400 mg/kg leaf ethanolic extracts of S. occidentalis could
      be use in the treatment of malarial fever.
      PubDate: 2021-02-11
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.17
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Coverage response modeling for auto base paints formulation

    • Authors: A. Bello, A.O. Ameh, M.T. Isa, M.S. Galadima, D.O. Adeoye
      Pages: 129 - 134
      Abstract: Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was used to investigate the effects of binder, solvent, and pigment concentrations on the coverage response. The optimum coverage response of the auto base paint formulated was 1.5m2. Statistical analysis of the results showed that the data were adequately fitted by a second-order polynomial model Analysis of variance (ANOVA) also showed that the interactions between the independent parameters (binder, solvent, and pigment) have significant effects on the response (coverage). Diagnostics case statistics indicated that, the optimum experimental value of the cover age equal that of the predicted. This showed a good relationship between the actual and predicted response as evidenced in the R2 value of 0.9204 and a standard deviation of 0.1 obtained.
      PubDate: 2021-02-12
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.18
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Comparative study of antibacterial activities of fruits of Xylopia
           aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich and bulb of Crinum jagus (Thompson) dandy

    • Authors: A.F. Obajuluwa, M.T. Durowaiye
      Pages: 135 - 140
      Abstract: Xylopia aethiopica and Crinum jagus are medicinal plants which had been used traditionally for various ailments such as cough, amenorrhea, stomach ache and urinary ailments. The aim of this study was to compare the antibacterial activities of the ethanolic extracts of fruits of X. aethiopica with ethanolic extracts of bulb of C. jagus. Agar well diffusion method was used against the following organisms: K. pneumonia, E. coli, Ps. aeruginosa, S. aureus, and B. subtilis. Both plant extracts demonstrated concentration dependent activities against all the bacteria tested. Fruits of X. aethiopica was observed to be more active against S. aureus while bulb of C. jagus showed greater activities against E. coli, K. pneumonia and Ps. aeruginosa. The two plant extracts showed almost the same level of activity against B. subtilis. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of tanins and cardiac glycosides in X. aethiopica which were absent in C. jagus. In conclusion X. aethiopica showed greater activity against Gram
      positive bacteria while C. jagus was more active against Gram-negative bacteria.
      PubDate: 2021-02-12
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.19
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Comparative analyses of biodiesel produced from neem and jatropha seed oil

    • Authors: I.S. Ibrahim, I.T. Abdullahi, F.Y. Muhammad
      Pages: 141 - 143
      Abstract: Biodiesel is derived from triglycerides by transesterification reaction with alcohol (ethanol or methanol), and has classified as a renewable, biodegradable, and nontoxic fuel. Several methods for biodiesel production have been developed, among which transesterification using alkali-catalysis gives high levels of conversion of triglycerides to their corresponding methyl esters in short reaction times. This study was conducted to extract the neem and Jatropha oil for the production of biodiesel using alkali-catalyzed reaction The samples were subjected to reaction with sodium hydroxide (NaOH), 0.2:1 w/v methanol (MeOH) to oil mole ratio, reaction temperature of 6°C, and 30 min reaction time. The final biodiesel yield obtained was 47.5% and 45.5% from the neem and the jaropha oil sample respectively. The basic physicochemical properties of the jatropha methyl ester produced from both jatropha oil samples were found to be within the ASTM D6751 specified limits.
      PubDate: 2021-02-12
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.20
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Performance evaluation of similarity measures for K-means clustering
           algorithm

    • Authors: D. Usman, S.F. Sani
      Pages: 144 - 148
      Abstract: Clustering is a useful technique that organizes a large quantity of unordered datasets into a small number of meaningful and coherent clusters. Every clustering method is based on the index of similarity or dissimilarity between data points. However, the true intrinsic structure of the data could be correctly described by the similarity formula defined and embedded in the clustering criterion function. This paper uses squared Euclidean distance and Manhattan distance to investigates the best method for measuring similarity between data objects in sparse and high-dimensional domain which is fast, capable of providing high quality clustering result and consistent. The performances of these two methods were reported with simulated high dimensional datasets.
      PubDate: 2021-02-12
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.21
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Correlation of nosocomial infection with prolonged hospital stay in Kano
           Nigeria

    • Authors: B. Alkali, E. Agwu, F. Sarkinfada, A.M. Idris, S.B. Mada
      Pages: 149 - 155
      Abstract: Nosocomial infections or Health Care prolonged hospital stay and has been implicated in increase in socio-economic disturbance, long term disability, and increased mortality rate. There is paucity information on the burden of HCAIs because of poorly developed surveillance systems and inexistent control methods. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of nosocomial infection due to prolonged hospital stay in selected tertiary hospitals of Kano metropolis. Retrospective data  were collected from three hospitals with a total number of admitted patients and the number of prolonged hospital stays during the month of study. A total of 401 clinical samples collected from patients admitted for ≥14 days and the age of ≥18 years from all study sites. Examples include wound swabs, urine samples, urine catheters, and nasal intubation. All the samples were processed by the standard bacteriological laboratory procedure of the Clinical laboratory standard institute. The results showed that the percentage of prolonged hospital stay in Kano 40.34%, Murtala Muhammad Specialist Hospital (MMSH) 50.54% with the least at Muhammad Abdullahi Wase Specialist (MAWSH) 28.91%. Age served as significant factors for acquired HCAIs; participants aged were 41- 70 years have a higher prevalence of nosocomial infections. From 138 positive isolates observed, Murtala Muhammad Specialist Hospital (MMSH) has height nosocomial infection of 41.4%, with the least Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital (AKTH) has 29%. Among the Site of infection, 34.8% isolates were wounds Swabs (SSIs), urine (UTI) 31.2%, an least was nasal intubation 11.6%. Among pathogens isolated E. coli is the most prominent organism with 26.1% and the least Streptococcus pyogenes (7.9%). This study showed that the prevalence of Prolong hospital stay in Kano was 40.34%, AKTH 39.53% and MAWSH 28.91%. The prevalence of nosocomial infection was 34.3%. Gram-negative  bacteria were the predominant isolates.

      PubDate: 2021-02-12
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.22
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Kinetics of adsorption of methylene blue onto activated kolanut pod

    • Authors: A.S. Muhammad, M.A. Abdurrahman
      Pages: 156 - 162
      Abstract: A batch adsorption process was carried out by optimizing, the effect of contact time (10min to 180min) and initial concentration (5mg/l to150mg/l). The adsorbent was characterized using FTIR spectra and SEM, and the result obtained showed shifting and disappearance of peaks after adsorption. The results of the adsorption kinetics, which includes the correlation coefficient 0.9771 and the agreement between the amount adsorbed experimentally (1.472mg/g) and the calculated amount absorbed(1.196mg/g) revealed that MB was adsorbed satisfactory according to the pseudo second-order kinetic model.
      PubDate: 2021-02-15
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.23
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Relationship between body adiposity index and serum glycemic level among
           post menupausal women in Muritala Muhammad Specialist Hospital Kano,
           Nigeria

    • Authors: K.F. Kayode, Y.A. Abdullahi, I.M. Badamasi
      Pages: 163 - 168
      Abstract: Body adiposity index (BAI) is documented to exhibit significant relationship with the component of metabolic syndromes (MetS) including serum glucose. The relationship between BAI and serum glucose among postmenopausal women has not been well studied. This study was aimed at determining the relationship between BAI and serum glycemic level among postmenopausal women. The study design was observational cross
      sectional. Fasting serum glucose was obtained via superficial vein venipuncture after at least eight hours of meal and was analysed following standard biochemical procedure. Standard techniques for anthropometric measurement were used in obtaining the standard parameters. Chi-
      square was used to determine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and clinically accepted categorical subdivision of fasting blood sugar (FBG). A total of 156 postmenopausal women with mean age of 62.70 ± 12.84 years, height (1.58 ± 0.07) m, weight (67.30 ± 17.68) kg, hip circumference (99.94 ± 12.75) cm, waist circumference (86.56 ± 14.25) cm, BAI (32.61 ± 6.78), BMI (27.05 ± 6.90) kh/m2  and fasting blood sugar (FBS) (5.21 ± 2.78mmol/L) were assessed in the here was significant positive correlation between BAI and BMI (r = 0.877, P = 6.97x10-51) and not between BAI and FBG (r = 0.026, P = 0.748). In conclusion BAI was not significantly associated with serum glycemic level among post-menopausal women.
      PubDate: 2021-02-15
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.24
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Perception of patients undergoing hysterosalphingography (HSG) in Kano
           Metropolis, Nigeria

    • Authors: M. Sidi, A. Ya'u, A.H. Dambatta
      Pages: 169 - 175
      Abstract: (HSG) is a special radiological procedure that is used to assess the patency and the structure of the uterus and Fallopian tubes. The main role of HSG is the study of the Fallopian tubes in infertility. Discomfort, anxiety, and pain that might result of the procedure and may vary depending on the individual’s perception. The patient’s perception of a procedure plays an important role in its acceptance. The study aims at evaluating the perception of patients undergoing HSG examination in Kano metropolis. The study design was prospective and cross-sectional conducted in the Radiology Departments of four hospitals in the Kano metropolis from December 2018 to probability sampling method was employed in the study. An ethical clearance to conduct the study was obtained from the Human Research and Ethics Committee of the Kano State Ministry of Health. A structured questionnaire was used as an instrument for data collection. The questionnaire was validated by experienced sing pilot study the reliability of the measuring tool was tested and the Chronbach reliability coefficient was found to be 0.79. Two hundred and fifty six questionnaires were administered to the selected respondents. An informed consent was obtained from all the selected respondents. The obtained data were analyzed using SPSS version 21.0. Out of the 256 (100%) administered questionnaires, 237 (92.6%) were returned, and 226 (88.3%) were properly filled. In 189 (83.63%) respondents, infertility was found to be be the indication for the procedure. 82 (36.3%) of the respondents believed the procedure was for diagnostic purpose, 78 (34.5%) for therapeutic and 28.3% for diagnostic and therapeutic. Patients undergoing HSG in Kano metropolis had a negative perception towards the procedure.
      PubDate: 2021-02-15
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.25
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Body composition in children with cerebral palsy and its relationship with
           dynamic muscle strength, balance and energy cost of ambulation

    • Authors: U.M. Badaru, L.S. Dabo, J.H. Nuhu, R.Y. Ahmad, M.A. Abba, A. Shittu
      Pages: 176 - 181
      Abstract: Cerebral palsy (CP) causes walking disability in children which could lead to profound changes in body composition. This study assessed relationship between body composition and each of dynamic muscle strength, mobility and energy cost of ambulation (ECA) among children with CP. The cross sectional survey, recruited participants from a secondary and a tertiary hospitals in Kano. Body composition was assessed with BMI for age charts and skin fold calipher. Dynamic muscle strength, balance and ECA were assessed with step-up test, time-up-and-go test and physiological cost index respectively. Data was analysed with Pearson Product Moment Correlation and unpaired t test at alpha level of P<0.05 using SPSS version 20 and Microsof excel. Twenty four children took part in the study, 13 (54.2%) females and 11(45.8%) males. Their mean age was 10.0 ± 4.6 years. Majority of them 17 (70.8%) were underweight. The mean percent body fat score was 11.78±3.85, with females having significantly higher amount of body fat than males (t=-3.37; P=0.003). There were no significant correlations between body compositon and each of dynamic muscle strength, balance and ECA (p>0.05). It was concluded that about two-thirds of the children with CP in the study are underweight and having low percent body fat. Body composition may not have significant influence on the muscle strength, stability and the energy expended during walking function. Paediatricians and physiotherapists should encourage caregivers of children with CP to feed them with balanced diet in order to avoid diseases associated with malnutrition.
      PubDate: 2021-02-15
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.26
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Relationship between finger print patterns with blood group and genotype
           among basic medical science, students of Bayero University, Kano

    • Authors: H.S. Magaji, M.M. Musa, I.M. Badamasi
      Pages: 182 - 190
      Abstract: Fingerprint patterns and the blood genotypes of individuals are chiefly determined by genetic factors during in-utero development. Evaluating genotypes requires expertise and facilities which could relatively be difficult to obtain and operate in some setting. The aim of the current study was to determine the correlation between hand finger print patterns and the common blood typing phenotype (genotype and blood group) among a
      group of consenting adult population in Nigeria. Four hundred students (217 males and 183 females) of the Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences in Bayero University Kano had their total hand fingerprints captured using a scanner / computer set up. Data regarding common blood phenotypes was also determined for all participants from the blood phenotype information on their University identification cards. The mean age of the
      participants was 21.86±3.37 years. Loop finger prints patternwas the most common identified in the participants (58.4%), followed by whorls (27.9%), and then the least was arches (13.7%). There was a significant association between the finger print pattern
      on the left thumb (p=0.012) as well as right thumb (p=0.013) withblood groups, while the print in the right index (p=0.042) and left little finger (p= 0.024) were associated with genotypes in the participants respectively. There was a relationship between the finger prints patterns the thumb, index finger and little finger with the common blood typing phenotypes. Thus, finger print patterns on the right index and left little finger
      correlates with blood genotypes.
      PubDate: 2021-02-15
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.27
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Knowledge and practice of quality assurance programme of X ray equipment
           among radiographers in Kano Metropolis

    • Authors: M. Sidi, A.A. Bello
      Pages: 191 - 196
      Abstract: The main goal of quality assurance programme is to consistently provide diagnostic information at the lowest possible cost, and at the least possible exposure of the patient to ionizing radiation. The study aims at evaluating the knowledge and practice of ray equipment among radiographers in Kano metropolis. The study design was prospective and cross sectional conducted among radiographers in the Kano metropolis from April 2019 to October 2019. Non-probability sampling meth used in the selection of the respondents. An ethical clearance to conduct the study was obtained from the Human Research and Ethics Committee of the Kano State Ministry of Health, and informed consent was obtained from every selected respondent. A s questionnaire was designed and used an instrument for data collection. The questionnaire was validated by experienced colleagues, using a pilot study the reliability was rested and the chronbach’s alpha reliability coefficient was found to be 0.7 one questionnaires were administered to the consented radiographers in Kano metropolis. The obtained data was analyzed using SPSS version 22.0. Out of the 41 (100%) administered questionnaires 36 (87%) were returned, and all the returned naires were properly filled. Only 3 (8.3%) known the meaning of quality assurance programme, only 12 (33.3%) know the components of quality assurance programme and only 6 (16.7%) know the frequency of computed radiography system average score for knowledge among radiographers in Kano metropolis is 44.9% and that of practice is 47.9%. The study concludes that radiographers in Kano metropolis have poor knowledge and pactice of quality assurance programme.

      PubDate: 2021-02-15
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.28
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Micropropagation of banana (Musa spp) using temporary immersion bioreactor
           system

    • Authors: M.M. Abdulmalik, I.S. Usman, A.U. Nasir, L.A. Sani
      Pages: 197 - 200
      Abstract: Banana is an important crop in the tropics which possess the potential for commercial production in Nigeria. Large scale production requires large volume of planting materials which may be difficult to obtain using conventional methods of propagation. Temporary immersion bioreactor system (TIBs) is a cost effective method for micropropagation of plants. The present study was carried out to develop an efficient method for rapid multiplication of banana using temporary immersion bioreactor system (TIBs). Banana microshoots were regenerated from young suckers obtained from field grown plants using conventional plant tissue culture. Microshoots of 2cm length were used as explants for multiplication in temporary immersion bioreactor system. Ten (10) explants were cultured in bioreactor bottles containing Murashinge and Skoog (MS) liquid media supplemented with different concentrations of 6-bezylaminopurine (BAP) with or without 250mg/L Activated Charcoal (AC). Results showed that explants cultured in media supplemented with 2 mg/L or 1mg/L BAP without AC gave the highest shoot multiplication rate of 900% and 800%, respectively compared to hormone free media. Production of competent plants (plants ready for ex vitro establisment) were however, influenced by the presence of AC and the highest percentage of competent plants (80%) were produced when media was fortified with 1mg/L BAP+ 250mg AC. Regenerated plants were successfully established in the field and were morphologically normal and fertile.
      PubDate: 2021-02-15
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.31
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Prevalence and pattern of paediatric neurological disorders managed in
           outpatient physiotherapy clinics in Kano

    • Authors: U.M. Badaru, I.S. Ma'aruf, R.Y. Ahmad, I.U. Lawal, J.S. Usman
      Pages: 201 - 206
      Abstract: Neurological disorders are among the major causes of physical disability in children. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and pattern of Paediatric Neurological Disorders (PNDs) managed in outpatient Physiotherapy clinics in Kano. The 10-year retrospective descriptive study collected relevant data on PNDs from case files of the children who have been managed in Physiotherapy clinics of the 5 major referral hospitals in Kano using a data capture form. The population of children in Kano State based on the 2006 Census and the projected population for 2017 was obtained from the National Population Commission, Kano State office. The data obtained was analysed with descriptive statistics of mean, standard deviation, frequency and percentage. Dataanalysis was done using Microsoft excel and SPSS version 20. Results showed that 1927paediatric cases were analysed out of which PNDs accounted for 1618 (83.96%). The mean age of the children at the time of their first treatment visit was 3.13 years ± 3.04years (range =33days-12years). Most of the children with PNDs are males 1101(57.1%), with male to female ratio of 1.3:1. The Prevalence of PNDs in Kano was 0.257/1000 (i.e.25.7/100,000). The most common PND that was managed by physiotherapists in KanoState was cerebral palsy which has a prevalence of 0.106/1000 (i.e.10.6/100,000),(proportion = 41.16%). It was concluded that PNDs are the most common paediatric cases managed by physiotherapists in Kano State with cerebral palsy having higherprevalence
      PubDate: 2021-02-15
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.30
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Micropropagation of pineapple (Ananas comosus L. Var. Smooth cayenne) in
           temporary immersion bioreactor system (TIPS)

    • Authors: L.A. Sani, I.S. Usman, A.U. Nasir, M.M. Abdulmalik
      Pages: 207 - 209
      Abstract: Pineapple is an important edible fruit in the family Bromeliaceae popularly grown in the tropical and subtropical countries. Commercial prodution of pineapple requires large volume of planting materials which could not easily be obtained using conventional method of propagation. A protocol for mass propagation of pineapple (Ananas comosus L. var.smooth cayenne) using temporary immersion bioreactor system has been developed.The protocol involves four immersion cycles in Murashinge and Skoog (MS) media fortified with 1mg/L or 2mg/L 6-Benzylaminopurine (BAP) with or without 0.25g/L activated charcoal (AC). The highest multiplication rate (120 -130 plants/bottle) was obtained when media was fortified with 1mg/l or 2mg/L BAP alone. The presence of activated charcoal (AC) promoted root morphogenesis, resulting in significant increase in roots formation in BAP suplemented media. A combination of BAP with AC significantly increased the number of competent plants(20 – 30 plants/bottle) after four weeks of culture in temporary immersion system. The system is recommended for rapid and efficient micropropagation of pineapple.
      PubDate: 2021-02-15
      DOI: 10.4314/bajopas.v12i2.29
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2021)
       
 
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