Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1664 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (22 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (262 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (30 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (16 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (90 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (56 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (953 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (44 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (175 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (953 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 201 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
Drustvena istrazivanja     Open Access  
Društvene i Humanističke Studije     Open Access  
Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
E-Dimas : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access  
E-Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
E-l@tina : Revista Electrónica de Estudios Latinoamericanos     Open Access  
Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Eat, Sleep, Work     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
EAU Heritage Journal Social Science and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economic and Regional Studies / Studia Ekonomiczne i Regionalne     Open Access  
Économie et Solidarités     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Educación, Lenguaje y Sociedad     Open Access  
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
EFB Bioeconomy Journal     Open Access  
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Ejovoc (Electronic Journal of Vocational Colleges)     Open Access  
El Ágora USB     Open Access  
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi / Electronic Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Emotions : History, Culture, Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Émulations : Revue de sciences sociales     Open Access  
Encuentros : Revista de Ciencias Humanas, Teoría Social y Pensamiento Crítico     Open Access  
Encuentros Multidisciplinares     Open Access  
Enfoques     Open Access  
Enjeux et société : Approches transdisciplinaires     Open Access  
Enlace Universitario     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Equidad y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Espace populations sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Avanzados     Open Access  
Estudios del Desarrollo Social : Cuba y América Latina     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Estudios digital     Open Access  
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access  
Estudios Latinoamericanos     Open Access  
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access  
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access  
Etcétera : Revista del Área de Ciencias Sociales del CIFFyH     Open Access  
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ethnic and Racial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Ethnobotany Research & Applications : a journal of plants, people and applied research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
eTropic : electronic journal of studies in the tropics     Open Access  
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
EUREKA : Social and Humanities     Open Access  
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Cooperation     Open Access  
European Journal of Futures Research     Open Access  
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies - Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European View     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ExT : Revista de Extensión de la UNC     Open Access  
Fa Nuea Journal     Open Access  
Families, Relationships and Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Family Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family Process     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Family Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fields: Journal of Huddersfield Student Research     Open Access  
Finance and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Fırat Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Flaubert     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Formation emploi     Open Access  
FORO. Revista de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales, Nueva Época     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Forskning & Forandring : Research and Change     Open Access  
Forum Ilmu Sosial     Open Access  
Forum Marsilius-Kolleg     Open Access  
Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Fourth World Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Fronteiras : Journal of Social, Technological and Environmental Science     Open Access  
Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Funes. Journal of Narratives and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Future Times     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Gdańskie Studia Azji Wschodniej     Open Access  
Genocide Studies and Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Genocide Studies International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Géographie et cultures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ghana Journal of Development Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Gizarte Ekonomiaren Euskal Aldizkaria : Revista Vasca de Economía Social     Open Access  
Global Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences     Open Access  
Global Journal of Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Global Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Graduate Journal of Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Graduate School Journal Chiang Rai Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Grafía     Open Access  
Grassroots     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Grief Matters : The Australian Journal of Grief and Bereavement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Gruppe. Interaktion. Organisation. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Organisationspsychologie (GIO)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
GSTF Journal of Law and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Guacamaya     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Güvenlik Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Hábitat y Sociedad     Open Access  
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hallazgos     Open Access  
Harmoni Sosial : Jurnal Pendidikan IPS     Open Access  
Hatyai Academic Journal     Open Access  
Hayula : Indonesian Journal of Multidisciplinary Islamic Studies     Open Access  
Herencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heritage     Open Access  
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Higher Education of Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Homo Ludens     Open Access  
HONAI : International Journal for Educational, Social, Political & Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Horizontes LatinoAmericanos     Open Access  
Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Human Behavior, Development and Society     Open Access  
Humanities and Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Humanities and Social Sciences Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Humanities and Social Sciences Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Humanities and Social Sciences Journal of Graduate School, Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Humanities and Social Sciences Journal, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences Studies (HASSS)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Huria : Journal of the Open University of Tanzania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hydra : Interdisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
I+D Revista de Investigaciones     Open Access  
IASSIST Quarterly     Open Access  
Iberoforum. Revista de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Iberoamericana     Open Access  
Iconos. Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Idealogando : Revista de Ciências Sociais da UFPE     Open Access  
IdeAs. Idées d'Amérique     Open Access  
Identities : Journal for Politics, Gender and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
IDS Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Illness, Crisis & Loss     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Im@go. A Journal of the Social Imaginary     Open Access  
imagonautas : Revista interdisciplinaria sobre imaginarios sociales     Open Access  
Immigrants & Minorities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
In Situ : Au regard des sciences sociales     Open Access  
Inclusión y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Indiana University Journal of Undergraduate Research     Open Access  
Infinitum: Revista Multidisciplinar     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Informação em Pauta     Open Access  
Informes Científicos - Técnicos UNPA     Open Access  
Infrastructure Complexity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
INSANCITA : Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia     Open Access  
Integrated Social Science Journal : Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Mahidol University     Open Access  
Interações : Cultura e Comunidade     Open Access  
International and Multidisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Communication of Chinese Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Development Planning Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences (IJASOS)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal for Transformative Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Academic Research in Business, Arts & Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Bahamian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Business and Social Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Business, Humanities, Education and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Conflict and Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Cultural and Social Studies (IntJCSS)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cultural Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Culture and Modernity     Open Access  
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Divination and Prognostication     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Growth and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Iberian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Information, Diversity, & Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Innovative Research and Scientific Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Intercultural Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Korean Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Language and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Management and Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Management, Economics and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies     Open Access  
International Journal of Punishment and Sentencing, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Qualitative Methods     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Research and Scholarly Communication     Open Access  
International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Social and Allied Research     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Social and Humanistic Computing     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Social And Humanities Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Social and Organizational Dynamics in IT     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Social Research Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
International Journal of Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Social Science Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Social Sciences and Education Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
International Journal of Synergy and Research     Open Access  
International Journal of the Sociology of Leisure     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal Pedagogy of Social Studies     Open Access  
International Quarterly for Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2147-4478 - ISSN (Online) 2147-4478
Published by Society for the Study of Business and Finance Homepage  [2 journals]
  • Investigating the consumer evaluation of the co-branding of luxury brands

    • Authors: Xi Chen, Zhe Li
      Pages: 01 - 15
      Abstract: China as a hot luxury market has witnessed high growth in luxury sales despite the COVID-19. In recent years, many luxury companies have further improved their brand value and influence via co-branding strategies, however, their brand cooperation received mixed evaluations. Drawing on the conceptual blending theory and self-concept consistency theory, this paper constructs and verifies the structural equation model of consumer evaluation of luxury co-branding from the perspectives of the brands and the consumers. The study reveals that luxury co-branding fit, advertising types and the consumers’ life-role transition have a positive impact on consumer evaluation. Both the type of advertising and consumers’ life-role transition have a moderating effect on consumer evaluation. Specifically, (i) In luxury co-branding, the co-branded products paired with a high fit between the values of the cooperative brands are more likely to receive high consumer evaluation; (ii) The publicity of the brand image of the co-branded products has a stronger moderating effect on the perceived quality, appeal and purchase intention of luxury users than the publicity of the features of the co-branded products; (iii) For luxury brands with a high degree of joint fit, consumers who have not experienced life-role transformation have a stronger regulatory effect on consumers' perceived quality, attractiveness and purchase intention than consumers who have experienced life-role transformation.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1808
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Emotional branding, corporate image and its effect on the loyalty of
           JKN-KIS participants

    • Authors: Dina Diana Permata, Ananda Sabil Hussein, Andarwati
      Pages: 16 - 22
      Abstract: Health as a basic necessity of life, the ownership of health insurance is very important and very influential in ensuring a safe and secure life. The National Health Insurance as part of the National Social Security System aims to meet the basic health needs of the Indonesian people. This study aims to analyze the role of satisfaction in mediating the influence of emotional branding and corporate image on customer loyalty. Independent participants of JKN-KIS BPJS Health Malang Branch as the sampling in this study. The sampling technique used purposive sampling with a sample of 130 respondents. Data analysis in this study used Structural Equation Modeling-Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS). The results of the study concluded that emotional branding affects loyalty and satisfaction; the corporate image has an effect on loyalty and satisfaction; satisfaction affects loyalty; satisfaction mediates the effect of emotional branding and corporate image on loyalty. Satisfaction acts as a partial mediating variable.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1822
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • The effect of service failure on customer loyalty through customer
           forgiveness and service recovery as mediation variables

    • Authors: Ivatul Laili, Sumiati, Sudjatno
      Pages: 23 - 29
      Abstract: This paper aims to examine more deeply the role of the customer forgiveness and service recovery variables on the relationship between service failure and loyalty. This research uses a go-car service on a gojek as the object of research. Go-car service was chosen because it is one of the services in Go-jek that has received a lot of criticism from its users. The respondents in this research were Go-Car service users who had experienced service failures when using the service. The determination of the number of samples in this research used a purposive sampling technique with a sample of 200 respondents. The method of collecting data is using a questionnaire, the data is analyzed using PLS-SEM.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1792
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • The relationship between mission and performance of Christian faith-based
           hotels in Kenya

    • Authors: Ruth Wanjiku Muriithi
      Pages: 30 - 39
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the mission and Performance of Christian Faith-Based Hotels (CFBHs) in Kenya. Mission defines a significant long-term direction for the organization. There is little research that has been done on the relationship between the Mission and Performance of CFBHs in developing countries like Kenya. The objective of the study was to assess the relationship between the mission and Performance of Christian Faith-Based Hotels in Kenya. The study was guided by Denison’s organizational model and used the mixed methods approach guided by a cross-sectional survey research design. The population of this study was 1950 staff members, (72 managers and 1878 subordinate staff) from 24 Christian Faith-Based Hotels in Kenya. Stratified sampling was used where 322 subordinate staff were selected proportionate to the strata size while all the 72 managers were included in the study yielded a total of 394 respondents. Simple random sampling was used to select respondents in each stratum. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings revealed that the dimensions of the mission had a significant influence on the performance of CFBHs in Kenya with a coefficient estimate of 0.325 and a critical ratio of 5.412 which is greater than the 1.96 Z score at a 5% level of significance. This study concluded that there is the relationship between mission and the performance of Christian Faith-Based Hotels in Kenya and recommends that more studies on Christian Faith-based Hotels be done.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1811
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Management strategy of increasing revenue potential to improve local
           government performance

    • Authors: Helmy Syamsuri, Amril Arifin
      Pages: 40 - 49
      Abstract: This study aims to analyze the management strategy of increasing revenue potential to improve the performance of the local government of Takalar Regency, South Sulawesi Province. The type of research is quantitative with a descriptive approach. The technique of data analysis is Klassen Typology analysis, a technique of grouping a sector by seeing the growth and contribution of certain sectors to the total Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) from 2016 to 2020. Based on the results of the analysis, there will be a policy in determining management strategies if revenue potential to improve local government performance. The study found that the leading sectors are agriculture, forestry, fisheries, electricity and gas procurement, real estate, government administration, defense and social security. The management strategies of these sectors are intensification, partnership, and improvement of human resources. However, the developing sector does not exist. The potential sectors are mining and quarrying, water supply, waste management, waste and recycling, construction, providing accommodation for food and drink, and information and communication. The management strategies of these sectors are education, innovation and partnerships. While, the underdeveloped sectors are manufacturing, wholesale and retail trade sectors; car and motorcycle repair, transportation and warehousing, financial and insurance services, corporate services, education services, health services and social activities, and other services. The management strategies of these sectors are extensification or expansion.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1770
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • An investigation of the factors influencing the choice of healthcare
           facility in South Africa

    • Authors: David Mhlanga, Adewale Hassan
      Pages: 50 - 58
      Abstract: The objective of the study was to assess the factors that motivate or demotivate households to choose among the three healthcare facilities, public healthcare, private health care and traditional healthcare facilities in South Africa as revealed by Statistics South Africa . The utilisation of healthcare facilities in South Africa is such that more households prefer public healthcare facilities more than other healthcare facilities. The multinomial logit model was used, with traditional/self-medication category as the reference or baseline category. The results indicated that gender, income and access to grants were significant in influencing the probability of a household choosing a public healthcare facility, while age, income, grants, salaries/wages/commission and pensions were significant in influencing the choice of private healthcare institutions. Therefore the study recommends that due to a large portion of households that are using public health facilities compared to private and traditional facilities, the government must invest more in public healthcare facilities in South Africa.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1765
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Influence of search engine optimization (SEO) on business performance

    • Authors: Mersid Poturak, Dino Keco, Eldar Tutnic
      Pages: 59 - 68
      Abstract: The aim of the paper is to investigate the impact of SEO on the business performance of a private university in Sarajevo. Thus, the main research question provides the finding on how does the implementation of SEO influence the performance of the business. Moreover, the tested hypothesis presents whether SEO positively influences the business performance of International Burch University (IBU). The research strategy is to analyze primary data derived from a case study, which is generated following a conversation with the Head of the IBU Marketing and PR team. The data sample is derived from Google Analytics (focusing on the number of visits and sessions, average engagement time, keywords and SERP positioning). Seobility tools are employed in data analysis. Business performance is calculated through the IBU CRM system, focusing on student enrolment. Findings indicate that increasing a site's rankings on search engine results pages (SERPs) led to a variety of positive outcomes for companies including an increase in the number of visitors to the site, an increase in the average amount of time users spent on the site, increased user engagement, and an increase in student enrollment, which resulted in IBU increased annual sales revenue. It will benefit many different groups, including the government, which will benefit in both microeconomic and macroeconomic senses, digital marketing enthusiasts and SEO experts, and the academic world, which will benefit as a framework for future studies and research in the field of SEO recognition and implementation in business queries.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1865
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Impact of digital transformation on strategy in the insurance sector

    • Authors: Misheck Musaigwa, Stephen Mutula
      Pages: 69 - 76
      Abstract: The purpose of this research which is predicated on a qualitative case study design was to examine digital transformation in an insurance firm in Gauteng Province of South Africa with an extensive footprint throughout the country. The study aimed to gain a deeper understanding of the insurance organisation’s response to the implementation of digital transformation and how it affects the organisational strategy. Purposive sampling was adopted to select participants, who are managers and heads of departments. Data was collected through in-depth interviews. Thematic analysis was used to analyse data. The study found that the firm understands the significance of incorporating digital transformation into the strategy. The findings revealed that the firm is taking steps to incorporate digital transformation in the business strategy, however, they are not doing enough to fully address the problem of slow adoption. It was recommended that the company should fully embrace digital transformation and consider undertaking fundamental changes in the business strategy or to redefine the strategy.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1781
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • The effect of entrepreneurial mindset, work environment on employees'
           work performance

    • Authors: Damianus Abun, Gladys Jean Q. Basilio, Julian P. Fredolin, Theogenia Magallanes
      Pages: 77 - 94
      Abstract: The study aims to examine the effect of the entrepreneurial mindset and work environment the individual work performance. To deepen the understanding of the concepts and establish the theories of the study, literature was reviewed. The study used a descriptive assessment and correlation research design. Total enumeration sampling was taken as the sampling design of the study. Therefore, the population of the study was all employees of Divine Word College of Laoag, a total of 169 employees. Questionnaires were used to gather the data and to determine the correlation, the ANOVA was used. The results indicate that entrepreneurial mindset and work environment and individual work performance are high and the result of the correlation found that both, entrepreneurial mindset and work environment are significantly correlated to the individual work performance.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1839
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • The effect of transformational leadership and organizational justice
           toward employee performance mediated by job satisfaction

    • Authors: Nori Nur Amalina, Armanu, Christin Susilowati
      Pages: 95 - 105
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine transformational leadership and organizational justice on employee performance with the role of job satisfaction as a mediation. This research was conducted on the employee of police officers are part of Indonesian police officers, especially located in Blitar, East Java, Indonesia with a total sample used in this study is 176 respondents. Questionnaires are used in this study for the data collection method, the data is analyzed using Structural Equation Model and Partial Least Square. The results show; (1) There is a positive and significant influence between transformational leadership on employee performance, (2) There is a positive and significant influence between transformational leadership on job satisfaction, and (3) There is a positive and significant influence between organizational justice on employee performance, (4) There is positive and significant influence between organizational justice towards job satisfaction, (5) There is positive and significant influence between job satisfaction on employee performance, (6) There is positive and significant influence between transformational leadership on employee performance through job satisfaction, (7) There is positive and no significant influence between organizational justice on employee performance through job satisfaction.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1771
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Establishing idiosyncratic deals (i-deals) as a precursor to work role
           performance

    • Authors: Nelesh Dhanpat, Lebone Legoabe
      Pages: 106 - 117
      Abstract: The study determines the relationship between i-deals and work role performance amongst employees across industries in the South African context. The study follows a quantitative approach, and a cross-sectional design was adopted. A non-probability convenience sampling technique was chosen. An online questionnaire was used. A total of 231 employees from various industries in Johannesburg, South Africa, were included in the sample. Data were collected using pre-established instruments, and SPSS was used to analyse data. Reliability analysis was used to determine the psychometric qualities of the instruments. Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis were chosen to examine the data against the research objectives. The study’s findings confirmed a relationship between i-deals and work role performance. Task and work responsibility, schedule flexibility and career development predicted work role performance. The findings assist researchers and practitioners in dealing with and understanding how these customised work arrangements affect individual work role performance. Expanding knowledge of i'deals will help employees and employers improve their dynamic and organisational needs more effectively. HR practitioners will also use the concept of i-deals as a strategic tool to retain talented employees. The study adds to the literature on i-deals and their relationship to work role performance in a South African context. There are limited studies in South Africa regarding our knowledge of i-deals. The present study’s results contribute to the literature on i-deals and their relationship with work role performance within a South African context.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1732
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • The effect of servant leadership tenets and perceived impact in a
           community development context

    • Authors: Deborah Ogochi, James Kilika, Truphena Oduol
      Pages: 118 - 130
      Abstract: The study responded to calls to extend the current understanding of servant leadership into new contexts. The selected context for investigation was the nonprofit sector in Kenya. Three objectives guided the study that sought to establish the servant leadership dimensions adopted, the impact achieved in the target communities and the effect of the dimensions on the level of impact achieved. 365 senior managers were sampled from 73 nonprofit organizations and data was collected on both dimensions of servant leadership and perceived impact in the communities served by the organizations. The study reports that ten attributes of servant leadership are relevant to the sector and are practiced to a moderate extent and this extent of adoption has accomplished a moderate level of impact in the communities served. Four tenets of servant leadership, holistic approach to work, service to others, sense of community and uprightness have a significant effect on the level of impact achieved in the communities. While a holistic approach and service to others have a negative effect, a sense of community and uprightness have a positive effect. The findings raise implications for the servant leadership theory and point to the need to complement its dimensions with the postulates of the situational leadership theory for a more appropriate application in work situations. The findings contribute toward addressing conceptual, theoretical, and empirical gaps found in the extant literature on servant leadership.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1818
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Examining the predictors of firm performance

    • Authors: Adjeng Mariana Febrianti, Nuke Siti Nurhuda Jufri
      Pages: 131 - 139
      Abstract: This study aims to understand the predictors of firm performance, namely by examining the direct influence of transformational leadership, HRM digitalization, and organizational commitment. The sample which becomes the respondents of this study is the owners or managers of creative MSMEs in Bandung, West Java, with the number of samples of 125 respondents. The data is collected using survey method, namely by giving the questionnaires to the respondents. The data is analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis with SPSS 25 software. The findings prove that transformational leadership, HRM digitalization, and organizational commitment are able to predict firm performance, both partially and simultaneously.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1788
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Effects of training and development practices on performance of insurance
           sector in Kenya

    • Authors: Ben Kajwang
      Pages: 140 - 148
      Abstract: The study examined the effects of training and development practices on the performance of the insurance sector in Kenya. The study was conducted using a desktop methodology. This involved the use of secondary data that has been acquired from existing resources such as published studies, reports, and statistics. Many researchers prefer this method of collecting data since it saves time and reduces the cost of data collection. It is also quite reliable and has a wide variety of insights since it is collected from well-known sources. The current study used online journals and libraries which provide easy access to secondary data. The results revealed that there exist conceptual and geographical gaps relating to the study on the effects of training and development practices on the performance of the insurance sector in Kenya. Most of the results from the empirical review revealed that training and development practices positively affect the performance of the insurance sector. In addition, training and development practices were found to have a positive effect on employee productivity, employee engagement and employee retention. the study will benefit many stakeholders. The human resource managers will use the findings of the study to identify other training and development practices that have been used to improve the performance of employees in the insurance sector. The HR managers will also be able to understand the expectation of employees during the implementation of training programs in the organizations so as to ensure they are more effective. Policymakers can also use the findings of the study to adopt the appropriate measures that can be used to ensure that training programs are effective and have a long-term effect on the performance of insurance firms. Researchers and academicians interested in carrying out research on training and development practices will also benefit from the findings of this study since this study will form the basis for their literature work. While future researchers may be inspired to conduct more studies to improve on this study.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1825
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Link readiness for change to work performance through mindfulness among
           health care employees in Indonesia

    • Authors: Netty Merdiaty, Lenny Rosbi Rimbun, Putri Ade Dena Wijaya, Vinda Aisyah Shintiarafy
      Pages: 149 - 158
      Abstract: This paper aims to examine mindfulness as a potential mediator of readiness for change to work Performance among health workers such as Nurse, Doctors, and back offices in hospitals in Indonesia. We are using the quantitative method in this research. The partial least square-structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) approach analyzed the data. The population is 206 health workers in Indonesia as a sample of research. A direct and indirect correlation between Readiness for Change to Work Performance through Mindfulness value is 0.736 with ' 15.731. Mindfulness is proven to function as a mediator moderate.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1812
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Green human resource management and green environmental workplace
           behaviour in the eThekwini municipality of South Africa

    • Authors: Samson Adeoluwa Adewumi, Taiwo Ajadi, Bhekabantu Ntshangase
      Pages: 159 - 170
      Abstract: Conversations on green human resource management (GHRM) are relatively new in the canon of human resource discourse. Existing studies have been focused on industrial and service industries of the private sector leaving a research gap in the public sector establishment, especially at the municipality level of governance. This study aims to address this gap by interrogating the perception and understanding of green behaviour and the evaluation of green behaviour performance. A total of 12 unit managers and employees of the human resource management department of the eThekwini municipality were purposively recruited based on existing knowledge of the green behaviour concept. The semi-structured interview approach was used in eliciting qualitative data. The NVivo (v.12) qualitative software was employed for the identification of themes and the content qualitative analytical tool was employed to make sense of the various themes. The findings show a range of perceptions and understanding of green behavior including change in management behaviour towards environmental sustainability goals, moving towards a paperless environment, re-engineering and automation of work process and safeguarding the environment through pro-environmental behaviours. The evaluation of employees’ green behaviour performance can be achieved through regular introspection and monitoring of the operations of green environmental activities, the integration of green behaviour targets with key performance indicators (KPI) and the benefits of green behaviour to the organisation. The study echoes the need for robust managerial support and massive organizational awareness of the importance of green behaviours for a sustainable work environment.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1720
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Dynamics of the remittances: Fnancial development nexus in Sub Saharan
           Africa (SSA)

    • Authors: Strike Mbulawa, Samuel Chingoiro, Robert Machera
      Pages: 171 - 182
      Abstract: This paper explores the inter-connectedness of remittances and financial development and how their associated covariates such as savings, investment, money supply and economic growth are impacted by this relationship. The study employs a panel vector autoregression (P-VAR) estimation technique, and the generalized methods of moments (GMM) are applied after removing fixed effects and lagged regressors are used as instruments to have consistent estimators. The main findings of the study demonstrate that (i) remittances and financial development have a feedback interrelationship, and some interlinkages are identified amongst their covariates, (ii) economic growth has a dual connection with financial development and that (iii) savings, investment, and broad money supply influence both financial development and remittances. These findings contribute to current discussions in the literature as they support the importance of deepening financial markets in SSA, and attracting more remittances. The significant role played by the diaspora in improving domestic financial depth is confirmed. Progression in SSA economic growth helps to stimulate those in the diaspora to repatriate most of their earnings back home.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1757
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • The Impact of Intellectual Capital on Bank Risk: Evidence from Banking
           Sectors of Bangladesh

    • Authors: Changjun Zheng, Md Nazmul Islam, Md Nazmus Sadekin, Syed Moudud Ul Huq
      Pages: 183 - 192
      Abstract: The main purpose of this study is to identify the impact of intellectual capital efficiency (ICE) also known as knowledge capital along with its components human capital efficiency (HCE) and structural capital efficiency (SCE) on bank risk-taking behavior in Bangladesh. To reveal this effect, the study uses generalized method of moment (GMM) estimator and Two Stages Least Square estimator (to check the Robustness) and unbalanced panel data of 32 commercial banks of Bangladesh consisting of 530 bank-year observations during the year 2003-2020. The main results of the study are: (a) ICE is significantly and positively connected with a bank’s credit risk which indicates credit risk grows up with the increase of Intellectual capital efficiency, and (b) Both the human capital efficiency and structural capital efficiency positively impacts credit risk but the impact of SCE is not significant as HCE, (c) Bank performance (ROA), RWATA, macro variable inflation, and size have a negative impact on bank risk whereas ID and GGDP insignificant positively impact on bank’s risk. Finally, the results of the study will assist the stakeholders, policymakers, and academicians for future research.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1777
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • The impact of the selected macroeconomic indicators’ volatility on the
           performance of South African JSE-listed companies: a pre-and post-
           Covid-19 study

    • Authors: Ajeigbe Kola Benson, Habanabakize Thomas, Ganda Fortune
      Pages: 193 - 204
      Abstract: The influence of macroeconomic variables on aspects of business and the country's economy has been a subject of robust discussion. This study was conducted to identify the effect of macroeconomic variables, namely inflation rate, economic growth, exchange rate and share price, on listed companies in South Africa. The goal was to study the long run and short run effects of macroeconomic volatility on company performance because of the world’s recent pandemic experience. To achieve this objective, the study applied the panel Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model on annual panel data from 2010 to 2020 to analyse the short run and long run effects of macroeconomic variables on a company’s performance. The study results suggested a positive impact of economic growth, exchange rate and share price on asset returns, whilst a company's equity return is supported by economic growth and share price in the long run. The short run revealed that none of the independent variables has a sufficiently significant effect to influence a company's performance changes in the short run. Based on the findings, it was recommended that policymakers and economic authorities should introduce and implement strategies that favour and enhance the country's economic growth and stable exchange rate in order to improve company performance. Additionally, given that the company's short-run performance may highly depend on internal factors such as corporate governance, internal policies and business strategies, these decisions should be taken with precaution and a high level of professionalism.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1805
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Exploring the challenges of forensic technology in responding to credit
           card fraud in Sedibeng Region, South Africa

    • Authors: Morero Motseki, Mofokeng Jacob Tseko
      Pages: 205 - 212
      Abstract: Today use of Credit Card even in developing countries has become a common scenario. People use it to shop, pay bills and for online transactions. This study explored the challenges of forensic technology in responding to credit card fraud as an approach used by the South African Police Service (SAPS) in Sedibeng region. This study was carried out utilising a qualitative approach and thirty nine interviews were carried out among officials deployed in the SAPS, community leaders, members of the community and bank managers. The key findings indicated that the challenges in responding to this scourge is that the perpetrators utilise advanced technologies resources (computer hacking software) as opposed to SAPS which does not have systems nor capacity to effectively respond to this crime. The limited resources to respond to this crime adequately. For recommendations; significant emphases should be directed on the promotion of public awareness through public education. The intensive training of SAPS officials and inter-governmental collaboration between the SAPS, community police forums, bank managers and South African Banking Risk Information Centre (SABRIC) in understanding this technology are highly advised.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1607
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Assessing the effect of proactive maintenance scheduling on maintenance
           costs and airline profitability

    • Authors: Okan Berkcan, Tamer Aksoy
      Pages: 213 - 238
      Abstract: This study mainly aims to examine the perception of Turkish Airlines Technic staff about the effect of proactive maintenance scheduling (PMS) on maintenance costs (MCs) and airline profitability (AP). Another purpose of the study is to reveal if the perception of the staff changes according to the demographic features and experience of the staff. As far as it is known, there is no direct study addressing the effects of PMS on MCs and airline profitability. The study is considered to be a first in this context. In the study, Turkish Airlines-THY was chosen as the company that was handled. The fact that the company has a separate special maintenance & repair group (Turkish Airlines Technic-THYT) was effective in the selection of this company. Some additional qualifications (very rooted, with corporate governance, Turkey's top largest & full-service carrier, member of IATA and Star Alliance, and a listed company (in BIST) were also among other factors affecting the selection. Methodologically, it was used a quantitative survey with a sample of 133 THYT staff. The staff has been chosen among departments that take place actively/directly in maintenance. Besides questions that aim to measure the perception of THYT staff on the effects of PMS on MCs and AP, some demographic and experience-related questions were asked in order to find out if the perception of the staff changes according to their qualifications. The data were collected by online survey method and analyzed with SPSS version 22. Necessary tests together with Chi-square and Fisher’s tests were carried out to analyze the results. It was concluded that there is a strong correlation between PMS and the MCs. The study proved that PMS has a great decreasing effect on MCs and a great increasing effect on AP. The study also revealed that THYT personnel is like-minded and that PMS reduces MCs and increases AP as well.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1780
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Corporate governance mechanism and profitability

    • Authors: Yunan Najamuddin, Laraswati Laraswati, Johan Arifin, Neni Meidawati, Muamar Nur Kholid
      Pages: 239 - 245
      Abstract: This study aims to examine the effect of corporate governance mechanisms on the percentage of profits in manufacturing companies. The population in this study is manufacturing companies in the industrial & chemical sector, which are listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) during the 2017-2019 period. The samples were selected using the purposive sampling method and resulted in 34 manufacturing companies in the industrial and chemical sectors. Data were taken from the Indonesia Stock Exchange for the 2017-2019 period. The independent variable in this study is corporate governance with a focus on the board of commissioners and the audit committee, while the dependent variable is the effect of profit percentage on manufacturing companies. This study used simple linear regression analysis. From the regression analysis in this study, the two corporate governance proxies which include the board of commissioners and the audit committee have a significant positive effect on company profits. These results provide evidence that the existence of a board of commissioners and an audit committee in manufacturing companies in Indonesia has been effectively associated with the company’s profit percentage gain.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1773
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Urban crime and livelihood implications among the motorcycle taxi riders
           in Dar Es Salaam City- Tanzania

    • Authors: Emmanuel January Munishi, Kirumirah Mubarack Hamidu
      Pages: 246 - 254
      Abstract: The motorcycle taxi business is increasingly becoming one of the key livelihood strategies in the urban settings of Sub-Saharan Africa. However, crime against operators is threatening the subsector and jeopardizes the livelihood of motorcycle riders. This study examines urban crime and its implications on the livelihoods of motorcycle taxi riders in Dar es Salaam Tanzania in a bid to recommend strategies for alleviating the looming crime. Based on the qualitative design, data were collected using in-depth interviews, focus group discussion and indirect observations with a sample of 100 motorcycle taxi-riders. Thematic data analysis was employed based on the five themes [aka assets] pre-determined from the sustainable livelihood framework namely natural, physical, human, social and financial assets. Findings show that crime has negatively impacted the motorcycle taxi riders’ livelihoods through erosion of the livelihood assets. Accordingly, in order to alleviate the crime, relevant authorities should devise a well-defined mechanism of sharing crime information, use of technology such as the GPRS system and security cameras around the city, ensure the availability of the police and prompt response to crime incidence through night security patrols and sharing reliable contacts, provision of security and crime education and awareness to the riders. Others are ensuring an effective, communication system between and among the motorcycle riders e.g. through phones, WhatsApp groups, and other social media, and use of ID cards by the riders for easy identification and traceability whenever they fall victims of crime.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1850
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Factors influencing water conservation behaviour amongst low-income
           communities in South Africa

    • Authors: Rookmoney Thakur, Stanley Onwubu, Geoffrey Harris, Surendra Thakur
      Pages: 255 - 266
      Abstract: While economic incentives, technical developments, and government policies and regulations can all contribute to reduce residential water use, householders, on the other hand, can also help lessen overall water demands by using less water. In this study, we look at how to modify people's behaviour to conserve water at home. Using the theory of reasoned action which suggest human behaviour is a construct of subjective norms, and attitude, this study aimed to identify the factors that influences water conservation behaviour in low-income households in South Africa South Africa.   The study focused on the Waterloo Township, which is located north of Durban in KwaZulu-Natal. This study followed a positive paradigm and employed a descriptive cross-sectional research design and a quantitative survey design with a sample of (n=305). Both descriptive and inferential analysis was used to analyze and present the data. Path analysis using regression coefficient was performed to establish the factors that predict water conservation behaviour. The results suggest that although the knowledge of water conservation was high among the respondents, there was however a negative gap difference (-20.3) between their knowledge (94.4%) and actual behaviour (74.1%) towards water saving techniques.  The regression analysis conducted revealed that subject norms were the strongest predictor towards water conservation intentions in the Waterloo LCH.  This conclusively suggest that the conceptualisation of water conservation behaviour as a function of attitude and subjective norm may be appropriate in the context of the low-cost housing areas within South Africa.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1786
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Lack of community participation in the fight against stock theft in Dr.
           Pixley ka Isaka Seme Municipality, South Africa: What went wrong'

    • Authors: Sandile Masuku, Puleng Motlalekgosi
      Pages: 267 - 274
      Abstract: The South African Police Services (SAPS) has a constitutional responsibility to prevent, combat, and investigate crime that would naturally occur within communities. It therefore stands to reason that, if the police are to fullfil this responsibility, community members should be involved. This paper examines the phenomenon of lack of community involvement in the fight against stock theft in Dr. Pixley ka Isaka Seme Municipality, Mpumalanga Province. To achieve this objective, it was necessary to first determine the extent to which community in the Dr. Pixley ka Isaka Seme Municipality is involved in the fight against of stock theft. A qualitative research approach was adopted for this study with the use of semi-structured in-depth interviews to collect data. The sample consisted of 22 participants selected through purposive sampling, who included farmers, herdsmen, Community Police Forum members, and community leaders. The study found that the community in the Dr. Pixley Ka Isaka Seme Municipality is not involved in the fight against stock theft and that this could mainly be attributed to the poor relationship between the South African Police Service and the community. It was also found that there are no regular meetings taking place to ensure that there is a common understanding regarding various stakeholders’ responsibilities in an attempt to combat stock theft within the area of study. There are no awareness campaigns to discuss the stock theft trends in Dr. Pixley Ka Isaka Seme Municipality area between the police and the community.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1815
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Democracy for development or it is development for democracy in
           Africa' Towards sustainable development

    • Authors: Daniel Chigudu
      Pages: 275 - 285
      Abstract: For African states’ democratic governance is fundamental for developmental and political discourse while sustainable development is also critical for the continent. Owing to the uneven developmental and historical backgrounds of the African states and democratic deficits it is unclear if sustainable development is achievable ahead of democracy. This study is informed by the constructivist/interpretivist concern as a research philosophy grounded on text and content analysis to identify the nexus between development and democracy on the trail of Africa’s development agenda. While some scholars believe the two are interdependent others claim that the two are independent hence one can be achieved in the absence of the other. Africa should strive to strike a balance between the two as they are not mutually exclusive although it is democracy that should take centre stage. There is a challenge of achieving twin goals in the absence of a blueprint through being robustly innovative.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1748
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Including the excluded in the integrated development planning process for
           improved community participation

    • Authors: John Mamokhere, Daniel F Meyer
      Pages: 286 - 299
      Abstract: This article aims to assess the Integrated Development Planning (IDP) process for improved community participation. The IDP process was developed to improve strategic planning and community participation at the municipal level. Many South African municipalities have been struggling to use the IDP process to improve community participation. The methodology included 400 respondents who were chosen through a probability sampling technique and probed to complete the online survey using a closed-ended questionnaire guide, and ten respondents were also chosen through a non-probability sampling technique and were face-to-face interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide. The key findings revealed that poor community participation exists in the study area due to a lack of encouragement from responsible authorities. The Tzaneen municipality does not provide adequate feedback to the communities, and the inputs of the communities are not considered. There is a continuous lack of community consultation during the annual review of the IDP. The ineffective IDP process for improved community participation presents several challenges. Thus, this article concluded by providing a few recommendations to enhance the application of the IDP process and community participation. The Tzaneen municipal area should at all times uphold democratic principles by ensuring active public participation, transparency, and openness in municipal affairs. It also recommends making it easier for marginalised and previously disadvantaged people to participate in municipal policy and decision-making without prejudice. South African municipalities, including Tzaneen municipality, should develop and innovate institutional, and organisational capabilities to better utilise their resources, mitigate socio-economic challenges and enhance service delivery.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1806
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Post- Burundi’s armed conflict and trust issues in land
           redistribution: Towards peacebuilding

    • Authors: Daniel Chigudu
      Pages: 300 - 309
      Abstract: It is a daunting task to restore dispossessed land after armed conflicts. Burundi is stuck in this quagmire following years of violent conflicts. Although land restitution is meant to pacify nationals, this depends on the prevailing political, economic, and social circumstances. This study explores these circumstances focused on the armed conflict legacies in Burundi and the disparities between those people who stayed put when violent conflict erupted and displaced people who got back home. The study reveals that in post-Burundi conflict, redressing land issues could flop if governance challenges, trust, and shifting dynamics of politics are inadequately dealt with.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1791
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • The effect of perceived social support and life orientation on anxiety
           caused by online education in Covid 19 conditions

    • Authors: Mine Halis, Duygu Yildirim
      Pages: 310 - 322
      Abstract: The Covid-19 pandemic has created a disadvantaged student population due to the sudden obligation for distance learning. Poor performance of online educational tools, risk of transmission and staying at home cause stress and anxiety in students. This research examines the effects of usability and accessibility of the online learning system on students’ anxiety in presence of students’ perceived social support as well as students’ perceived optimistic/pessimistic life orientation. The survey instrument prepared for this purpose includes questions about the online learning system used, Covid-19 anxiety, life orientation and perceived social support. Web-based questionnaires were collected from 5,682 students from different universities and the data was analyzed for the role of social support and life orientation on anxiety caused by stress born of distance learning. Findings show that accessibility has a negative effect on anxiety while the effect of perceived social support on access problems could not be ascertained. It was determined that the optimism dimension had a moderating effect on students’ anxiety and the pessimism dimension had a mediating effect. The research results are consistent with the literature.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1809
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Marketing communication tools for world of work opportunities

    • Authors: Tessa Reddy, Mandusha Maharaj
      Pages: 323 - 332
      Abstract: This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of marketing communication tools adopted by graduates of the Durban University of Technology. A quantitative approach was utilised, and data were collected through a structured self-developed questionnaire. The population for this study was graduates of the Durban University of Technology. A sample of four hundred and fifty questionnaires was administered to graduates from all faculties at the Durban campuses. The findings revealed that the communication media adopted by the respondents were generally appropriate and effective. The results indicated that traditional communication tools (newspapers and career magazines) and non-traditional communication tools (amongst others, social media, the internet websites, electronic databases and email systems) were adopted by graduates. The university allocates a 4life email address to all registered students. The 4life email address is maintained after completion of studies thus facilitating email communication between the graduates and cooperative education. Furthermore, respondents suggested that email communication fosters a strategic world of work engagements and partnerships with the University of Technology in recruiting high-caliber graduates. Therefore, the study concludes with the notion that a blend of traditional and electronic marketing communication is required. It is important to note traditional postal addresses have been replaced with email.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1793
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Influence of undergraduate experience on alumni loyalty to their alma
           mater in the Tanzania’s higher education context

    • Authors: Chacha Magasi, Gordian S. Bwemelo
      Pages: 333 - 341
      Abstract: This study examined the influence of undergraduate experience on alumni loyalty to their alma mater in Tanzania’s higher education context. Specifically, the study sought to examine the extent to which alumni are satisfied with their undergraduate academic and social experiences and the influence thereof on their loyalty towards their former universities or colleges. The study involved a questionnaire survey to collect primary data from a conveniently selected sample of 188 Tanzanians who had bachelor's degrees from various Tanzania universities and colleges. Descriptive statistics using mean values were used to measure the satisfaction level. To estimate the influence of alumni satisfaction with their undergraduate experience on loyalty to their alma mater, Binary Logistic Regression Model was used. Overall, the findings indicate that alumni were satisfied with their undergraduate experience and their time as students. Further, Binary Logistic Regression results indicate that satisfaction with undergraduate experience positively and significantly influences alumni loyalty to their alma mater. It is reasonable to conclude from this evidence, that alumni loyalty can be created, reinforced and retained through favorable students’ experiences. Thus, Tanzania’s Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) should improve their level of students’ experience so as to increase their level of satisfaction and consequently enforce their loyalty. The study adds value in the context of Tanzanian HEIs since it provides a base on how to determine strategies to create, reinforce and maintain alumni loyalty through a favorable student experience.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1813
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Digital influences on academic attainment

    • Authors: Bulelwa Makena, Bunmi Omodan
      Pages: 342 - 347
      Abstract: This paper aims to investigate whether e-learning has any significant influence on academic attainment. From this time, little is noted by literature about training teachers towards attaining the necessary skills needed for digital e-learning applications. Investigation for this paper was conducted through a qualitative research methodology.
      Authors decided to use this method with a concern of understanding the behaviour of humans as per teacher perspectives, leading to obtaining better understanding of underlying motives. For this qualitative investigation, three conveniently selected secondary school teachers from a rural school in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa were interviewed. Engaging with the participants through administration of the interview schedule assisted authors in obtaining reach data due to contained questions that had a specific element of being open-ended. A fundamental finding revealed that teachers across all subjects have since embarked at focusing on (i) learner-centered practical approaches to allow determined e-learning engagements, thus having an impact on (ii) learner turnout. On noting this perspective from the teacher participants, it is recommended that as citizens held up in the technological revolution, there seems to be a need for teaching-learning approaches to be altered. This study, therefore, concludes that as a means to enable enhanced learner attainment, rural versus urban digital variations be addressed
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1784
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • COVID 19 death toll trajectory on learner language proficiency

    • Authors: Bulelwa Makena
      Pages: 348 - 354
      Abstract: The main objective of this investigation is to explore whether COVID 19 deaths have effects with regards to language proficiency, predominantly reading. Reading levels seem to have deteriorated as difficulties in spelling and pronunciation of simple English words were demonstrated by learners. In this qualitative inquiry, the author used a case study. The researcher perceived it essential for a qualitative approach to be embarked on hence investigating teachers’ life experiences in their natural, context-specific settings. Semi-structured interviews were administered to ten conveniently nominated secondary school teachers. A narrative analysis was used to categorize data into themes that were noted as findings of this examination. A major finding of this inquiry was (i) sudden lack of parental involvement emanating from the (ii) drastic shift in socio-relations amongst the members of the communities, this causing reading to become an overwhelming routine. The study concludes that academic attainment for most learners seems to be hindered by the decline in learner reading proficiencies. To curb the situation, it is therefore recommended that language teachers devise approaches to instill a reading culture within a classroom setting, thus limiting tasks to be administered after school hours.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1724
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Students’ views regarding the barriers to learning critical thinking

    • Authors: Ikenna Franklin Eze, Chux Gervase Iwu, Jobo Dubihlela
      Pages: 355 - 364
      Abstract: This paper aims to evaluate students’ feedback on the impediments to developing critical thinking in the classroom. Interpretative phenomenological analysis techniques were used to obtain data from postgraduate and undergraduate students of an Internal Auditing department in a South African university. The students identified several barriers to developing critical thinking in the classroom some of which are (1) the lecturers who are most times not knowledgeable in the field of critical thinking, (2) the students themselves who are simply not interested, (3) finally the educational system, according to the students who all argued that critical thinking is not ingrained in the country's educational institutions. According to the students, their lack of knowledge of critical thinking including the lecturers’ seeming insufficient knowledge of critical thinking calls for urgent intervention in the form of re-curriculation and training of lecturers. The findings of this research could have important implications for the auditing profession, as lecturers are often challenged to identify innovative ways to assist students in improving their critical thinking skills.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1797
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Overview of misconduct influencing ethical culture in the Local Government
           Sector Education Training Authority, South Africa

    • Authors: Shikha Vyas-Doorgapersad, Pinky Mothabi
      Pages: 365 - 374
      Abstract: Misconduct, in any form, whether corruption, theft, mismanagement of funds, maladministration, non-compliance of rules, etc. may create unethical environment in an organisation. This situation, if not get corrected timely, may have a negative impact on organisational performance as employees may be more inclined to focus on personal gains than working towards realising orgaisational vision.
      Authors of this article have utilised various official reports to substantiate this statement, and hence avoid a biased approach. The study focuses on the Local Government Sector Education Training Authority (LGSETA), to assess whether there is misconduct that limits the organization’s ability to establish an ethical culture. The study is based on qualitative desktop analysis utilising literature and document reviews to gather information. The findings explore varied ethical challenges and thus discuss measures to combat misconduct in LGSETA. The study recommends the adoption of the Governance Operating Model, suggested by Deloitte (2013) that can assist LGSETA to minimise misconduct by implementing measures to institute and promote an ethical culture.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1816
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • “Why fix it if ain’t broke”: Nature and extent of crime in the
           railway environment in South Africa

    • Authors: Cynthia Madzivhandila, Jacob Mofokeng, Lesiba L. Motsepe
      Pages: 375 - 383
      Abstract: This article explores the nature and extent of crime in the railway environment in South Africa. Crimes against Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa, Transnet Freight Rail, Gautrain, and commuters are prevalent and the victims are being exposed to serious damage emanating from criminal activities. The challenges and implications for individuals and businesses, rich or poor consumers are recurrent themes in this study. A qualitative research approach was adopted to follow a non-probability purposive sample comprising 25 participants from the South African Police Service Rapid Rail Police Units. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews from research participants deployed in the Division: Visible Policing. The findings highlighted that the most prevalent crimes are cable theft, robberies and malicious property damage. The targeted trains are the Metro trains that operate locally, as they transport many commuters because it is the affordable mode of public transport in South Africa. The perpetrators also target this mode of transport because the train stations have an open system where perpetrators can easily access the entrance, therefore some do not even buy tickets and board the trains illegally. It is understood that Gautrain has a closed system and the security is advanced and watertight because of extra security measures such as the closed-circuit television cameras. Based on the findings, effective implementation of policies to improve safety is essential. Critical dialogues between all relevant.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1772
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Cybersecurity as a response to combating cybercrime

    • Authors: Mandlenkosi Richard Mphatheni, Witness Maluleke
      Pages: 384 - 396
      Abstract: Cybercrime is touted as any harmful behaviour that is in some way related to a computer but does not have a specific legal reference. Therefore, the objective of this study was to explore cybersecurity as a response to combating cybercrime, focusing on demystifying the prevailing threats, while offering recommendations to the African regions. Moreover, this qualitative study employed a non-empirical research design: Systematic review methodology to analyse grey literature and primary research studies peer-reviewed and published, restricted from 2010-2022, not following yearly sequential consideration. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and Critical Appraisal Skill Programme (CASP) were employed to ensure the trustworthiness of the findings of this study based on reviewed conventional and seminal literature studies on this subject. The main findings of this study rest on a lack of a common universal definition of cybercrime, this has an impact on its prevention and ignores enormous economic value associated with the commission of this crime across the world, African regions included. It was also observed that this criminal act is presently committed with internet usage, consisting of copyright infringements, computer-related fraud, child or adult pornography, and network security violations, amongst others. Equally, addressing this scourge in African regions requires advanced skills and knowledge; exceeding the average computer and internet user. It is also critical to recognise the importance of implementing efficient cybersecurity methods, as policing this crime remains an important component of the Law Enforcement Agencies (LEA), and more innovative strategies are required and a globally coordinated response to this problem is urgently sought.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1714
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • A criminological study on obstacles to the response to human trafficking
           in Durban Metropolitan

    • Authors: Sphamandla Lindani Nkosi, Mandlenkosi Richard Mphatheni
      Pages: 397 - 405
      Abstract: Human trafficking has plagued the rights of many people worldwide, and it has continually put their protection in jeopardy. Thus, a need to explore the challenges and barriers encountered by stakeholders such as the South Africa Police Service (SAPS) and non-government organisations (NGOs) to respond to this scourge remains essential. The study understood the obstacles to combatting human trafficking in Durban Metropolitan through in-depth interviews. The findings of this study revealed loopholes in measurements of human trafficking; for instance, instability in partnerships of relevant stakeholders adversely impacts the fight against the menace of human trafficking. Also, current resources are perceived to be minimal to match the severity of this crime. As a recommendation, SAPS and NGOs should advance their technological capacities, and acquiring appropriate knowledge and regular training of officials should remain the focal point of any response to human trafficking. Moreover, technological advancement should match or surpass the sophistication in crime commission to rapidly identify human traffickers and victimisation instances.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1755
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Factors constraining the role of intermediaries in provisions of storage
           services for urban fresh fruits and vegetables supply chain in Dar es
           Salaam

    • Authors: Brighet Edward Makiluly, Emmanuel J. Munishi, Ibrahim Issa, Kirumirah Mubarack Hamidu
      Pages: 406 - 413
      Abstract: Despite the critical role played by intermediaries in storage services of urban fresh fruits and vegetables, storage services of urban fresh fruits and vegetables in Dar es Salaam are still poorly provided by intermediaries. In this paper, we examine the factors constraining intermediaries in providing storage services in the sector. A qualitative case study was adopted and data were collected using documentary review, in-depth interviews, and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and non-participant observations based on the purposive sample size of 73 respondents. Thematic data analysis strategy was adopted and data were analyzed using MAXQDA 20 software. Findings showed that the intermediaries are generally constrained by technological-related factors, the inadequacy of funds to invest in modern storage, limited knowledge and awareness of modern storage, excessive temperature and atmospheric conditions. We recommend that, in order to improve storage services installation of modern storage facilities in markets and collection centers, providing loans to intermediaries to buy modern packaging and packing facilities, improving market infrastructures, and training intermediaries on the importance of proper storage and how to use contemporary methodology could solve the problem at hand.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1824
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Factors influencing data saturation in qualitative studies

    • Authors: Kelvin Mwita
      Pages: 414 - 420
      Abstract: This study aims to evaluate the factors that influence data saturation in qualitative studies. The study adopted a systematic literature review of 24 journal articles published between 2018 and 2022. The articles were obtained from a Google scholar database. The findings point to five factors that affect data saturation namely, pre-determined codes and themes, sample size, relevancy of research subjects (respondents), number of research methods, and length of data collection sessions. It is argued in this paper, therefore, that in order to attain data saturation, researchers should consider multiple factors that may affect data saturation in order to increase the validity of qualitative studies.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1776
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Assessment of factors influencing natural rubber production among
           smallholder farmers in Liberia using Fuzzy AHP

    • Authors: Peter Davis Sumo, Kollie Samuel Himbye, Alieu A. Sanoe, Mercy Gono, Dorris Z. Sumo
      Pages: 421 - 431
      Abstract: Natural Rubber (NR) is an important agricultural product utilized in various sectors. NR is one of the world's biggest industries and a critical component in many industries such as automotive, manufacturing, and medicine. Liberia is a top producer of NR with over 127 years of production history. However, since 2014, Liberia's NR net production has decreased by 0.7% year on year and has fallen behind Sri Lanka. NR production in Liberia has experienced scant performance due to many factors. In this project, we employ mixed-method research to examine the factors influencing the decline of the Liberian NR supply chain and propose solutions that will further stimulate the industry's growth. We conduct an MCDM study among 34 smallholder rubber farmers from Grand Bassa, Margibi and Bong counties. Their grading of ten policy objectives and recommendations are programmed using Fuzzy AHP.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1799
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Evaluation of the implementation of ecotourism principles in the operation
           of diving tourism in Bali, Indonesia

    • Authors: I Ketut Sudiarta, I Made Suwitra, I Ngurah Suryawan
      Pages: 432 - 438
      Abstract: Using a set of attributes of ecotourism principles, this study aims to evaluate the compatibility between community expectations and the performance of implementing ecotourism principles and to find out the actual performance of implementing ecotourism principles in diving tourism practices in Bali from the perspective of the local community. Data were collected through a questionnaire survey of 234 respondents from indigenous community leaders regarding their expectations of 18 attributes of ecotourism principles and their perceptions of the performance of these attributes. A total of 17 of the 18 attributes of the ecotourism principles have negative performance, meaning that the performance level of these attributes was lower than expected, and one attribute is neutral. Importance-Performance analysis shows that the attributes of ecotourism principles that have performed well and need to be maintained include Minimizing environmental impact, Responsibility for the natural environment, culture, and local wisdom, Use of local products, Use of local workers, and Hospitality in services. On the other hand, the attributes of ecotourism principles that have become weaknesses and need to be focused on for improvement include Partnership with the local community, Increase local capacity Eco-friendly tourism facilities, and Minimizing social impact.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1803
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Analysing factors contributing to road traffic accidents in South Africa

    • Authors: Mmakwena Modipa
      Pages: 439 - 447
      Abstract: Road Traffic accidents is a major problem worldwide even in South Africa is a leading killer on the road. Human factor is a main contributory factor to fatalities on the road as many road users are not adhering to the rules of the road. The inability of road users to understand and interpret the rules of the road is a major problem on South African roads. This article focus on preventive measures to curb factors contributing to road traffic accidents in South Africa. The article is based on a qualitatively rooted methodology including a wide range of primary and secondary sources such as documents from Road Traffic Management Corporation, academic books, articles, dissertations, thesis and reports from non-governmental organisations focusing on road safety. The article further draws on the findings from the world on road safety and formulate steps to counteract road traffic accidents in South Africa. Awareness of road safety play a critical component in changing the behaviour of the road users other than just focusing on reducing road traffic accidents. The research based key steps leading to the prevention of road traffic accidents. The first step related to increasing law enforcement officials on the road; awareness campaigns to change the behaviour of road users; capacitate law enforcement agencies with resources to address non-compliance on the road; provide anti- corruption strategies in the law enforcement agencies.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1715
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • A theoretical route towards conceptualization of start-ups in emerging
           markets

    • Authors: Beatrice Karitu, Wanja Wangondu, Stephen Muathe
      Pages: 448 - 457
      Abstract: This paper aims to develop a critical approach to the conceptualization of start-ups in emerging markets from a Kenyan perspective. This study used a theoretical route to conceptualize start-ups in emerging markets like Kenya. From the findings, it is important to note that the conceptualization of start-up is based on western concepts and might be flawed and poorly applicable to businesses in Kenya. Hence in the Kenyan context, a start-up should be viewed as an innovative business entity, which is scalable and has survived up to 3-5 years. To support the growth of the start-up ecosystem in Kenya, policymakers should promote start-ups through the formation of relevant legislation and provide incentives that stimulate their survival and growth. The study has brought out some interesting findings which can generate more debate. The study used an exploratory research design which is not conclusive in nature therefore future research should consider using a research design that is conclusive in nature and robust.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1782
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Proverbs as employed in T. Msibi’s short story Phumani Nelokhambi in Z.
           Motsa’s Khulumani Sive

    • Authors: Zilibele Mtumane, Rachel Tengetile Antones Dlamini
      Pages: 458 - 465
      Abstract: This article is a critical analysis of proverbs that are identified in the siSwati short story ‘Phumani Nelikhambi’, contributed by Thembekile Msibi to Khulumani Sive by Zodwa Motsa (2004). The concepts of ‘short story’ and ‘proverb’ will be defined as part of the introductory section of this discourse. Thereafter, a summary of the short story will be provided, to lay a good foundation. Then, the dominant proverbs in the story shall be identified and listed before the actual analysis. While the various domains of the proverbs will be alluded to in the discussion, the proverbs will not be categorised into these. Each proverb will be critically analysed by focusing on its origin, structure, literal and figurative meanings in general, and its meaning in the context of the story. The latter will also comprise of the effectiveness of the proverbs in the narrative, the author’s intentions and some cultural aspects which are highlighted.
      PubDate: 2022-06-05
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1694
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Knowledge, awareness and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases among
           women in urban slums

    • Authors: Rafia Akter
      Pages: 466 - 472
      Abstract: Sexually Transmitted Diseases/ Infections (STDs/STIs) are a major public health problem and a leading cause of morbidity among women in developing countries like Bangladesh. According to WHO, 2006, STDs/STIs ranks second as a cause of healthy life loss among women in the reproductive age group. This research has been conducted on examining knowledge awareness and prevention of STDs among women. It was conducted in two selected slums (Kathalbagan’s Lakkhi slum and Moghbazar slum) of Dhaka city in Bangladesh. This study was conducted through quantitative research and convenience sampling techniques. A structured questionnaire was developed to collect data on knowledge awareness and prevention of STDs/STIs. The study shows that 68.3% of respondents have knowledge about STDs, in this research majority of respondents are not aware of risk factors associated with STDs. This study examines that, for building awareness, majority of respondents preferred “Radio and Television” as the most important media that can build awareness for STDs among slum women. Special counseling is mandatory for the victims, along with sex education. Awareness about healthy sexual behaviors, a hygienic lifestyle, and instruction about the correct use of male condoms should be promoted to reduce the risk of health complications and greatly reduce the spread of STDs not in Bangladesh but also in developing countries.
      PubDate: 2022-06-12
      DOI: 10.20525/ijrbs.v11i4.1061
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
 
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