Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1648 journals)
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    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (937 journals)
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    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (175 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (937 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 801 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
Shanlax International Journal of Arts, Science and Humanities     Open Access  
SHS Web of Conferences     Open Access  
Si Somos Americanos     Open Access  
Signos : Investigación en Sistemas de Gestión     Open Access  
Simbiótica     Open Access  
SINTESA : Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik     Open Access  
SN Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Social & Legal Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Social and Personality Psychology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Social Behavior and Personality : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Social Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Social Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Social Development & Security : Journal of Scientific Papers     Open Access  
Social Development Issues     Full-text available via subscription  
Social Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Social History Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Influence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Social Inquiry : Journal of Social Science Research     Open Access  
Social Justice Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Social Landscape Journal     Open Access  
Social Philosophy and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Social Policy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 138)
Social Research : An International Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Social Science & Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 101)
Social Science Computer Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Social Science Japan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Social Science Protocols     Open Access  
Social Science Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Social Science Spectrum     Open Access  
Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Social Sciences & Humanities Open     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Sciences and Missions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Social Sciences in China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Social Semiotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Social Studies and the Young Learner     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Social Studies of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Social Studies Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Social, Humanities, and Educational Studies (SHEs) : Conference Series     Open Access  
Socialiniai tyrimai     Open Access  
Socialium : Revista Cientifica de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift     Open Access  
Sociedad e Infancias     Open Access  
Sociedade e Cultura     Open Access  
Sociedade e Estado     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sociétés & Représentations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Socio     Open Access  
Socio-analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Socio-Ecological Practice Research     Hybrid Journal  
Sociología y Tecnociencia     Open Access  
Sophia Austral     Open Access  
Soshum : Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora     Open Access  
Sosio Didaktika : Social Science Education Journal     Open Access  
SosioHumanika: Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan (Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Education)     Open Access  
Soundings : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics     Open Access  
Sozial Extra     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Soziale Passagen     Hybrid Journal  
Sri Lanka Journal of Advanced Social Studies     Open Access  
Sri Lanka Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Studi Magrebini : North African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Studia Socialia Cracoviensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Studies in Asian Social Science     Open Access  
Studies in Social Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Sultan Agung Fundamental Research Journal     Open Access  
Suma de Negocios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Suomen Sukututkimusseuran Vuosikirja     Open Access  
Survey Research Methods     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Sustainability : Science, Practice, & Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Symmetry     Open Access  
Symposion : Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Søkelys på arbeidslivet (Norwegian Journal of Working Life Studies)     Open Access  
Tangent     Hybrid Journal  
Tapuya : Latin American Science, Technology and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Technology transfer: innovative solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
TechTrends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Teme : Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Tempo Social     Open Access  
Teoría y Praxis     Open Access  
Textos & Contextos (Porto Alegre)     Open Access  
The Batuk     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
The Equilibrium     Open Access  
The EXceptional Parent     Full-text available via subscription  
The New Yorker     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
The Tocqueville Review/La revue Tocqueville     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
The Winnower     Open Access  
The Women : Annual Research Journal of Gender Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Thesis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Third Sector Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Tidsskrift for kjønnsforskning     Open Access  
Tidsskrift for samfunnsforskning     Open Access  
Tidsskrift for velferdsforskning     Open Access  
Tieteessä Tapahtuu     Open Access  
Tinkazos     Open Access  
Trabajos y Comunicaciones     Open Access  
Trama : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access  
Trans-pasando Fronteras     Open Access  
Transmodernity : Journal of Peripheral Cultural Production of the Luso-Hispanic World     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Transmotion     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Transtext(e)s Transcultures     Open Access  
Trayectorias Humanas Trascontinentales : TraHs     Open Access  
Trivium     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tulane Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Twentieth Century Communism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Twenty-First Century Society: Journal of the Academy of Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
UC Merced Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access  
UC Riverside Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access  
UED Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education     Open Access  
Ultima Década     Open Access  
Uluslararası Anadolu Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi / International Anatolian Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Umanistica Digitale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Uni-pluriversidad     Open Access  
Universidad de La Habana     Open Access  
Universidad y Ciencia     Open Access  
Universidad, Escuela y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Universitas Científica     Open Access  
Universitas-XXI, Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
University of Mauritius Research Journal     Open Access  
Universum : Revista de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
UNM Environmental Journals     Open Access  
Unoesc & Ciência - ACSA     Open Access  
VA Engage Journal     Open Access  
Variations : Revue Internationale de Théorie Critique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
VFAST Transactions on Education and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Vilnius University Proceedings     Open Access  
Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Wani : Revista del Caribe Nicaragüense     Open Access  
War & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Weather, Climate, and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Wellbeing, Space & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Whatever : A Transdisciplinary Journal of Queer Theories and Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Women Against Violence : An Australian Feminist Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Workplace : A Journal for Academic Labor     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
World Journal of Social Science     Open Access  
World Journal of Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Youth Studies Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Zambia Social Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Medienwissenschaft     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Œconomia     Open Access  
Вісник ДонНУЕТ. Серія. Гуманітарні науки     Open Access  
Култура / Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

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Social Sciences
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.217
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2076-0760
Published by MDPI Homepage  [258 journals]
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 642: Powerful Knowledge in Religious
           Education—Questions of Epistemology and Subject Literacy in
           Democratic and Inclusive Educational Contexts

    • Authors: Bodil Liljefors Persson
      First page: 642
      Abstract: In this article, the focus is to grasp ongoing discussions regarding powerful knowledge in relation to social sciences in a broader sense, but especially in relation to religious education. Discussions around norms and values are central in classrooms where both multireligiousness and secularity characterize students’ everyday life and where students constantly move between different multicultural contexts. It is the aim of this contribution to explore the ongoing discussions relating powerful knowledge in RE to existential questions and controversial issues. One way for teachers to work with these goals is to focus partly on subject literacy and on powerful knowledge in relation to inclusive teaching, and partly on subject content where core value issues are expressed together with existential and controversial questions. This will be discussed and explored in this contribution focusing on powerful knowledge and epistemology in social science, and especially in the school subject of religious education.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-21
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120642
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 643: Italian Adaptation and Validation of
           the Fear of War Scale and the Impact of the Fear of War on Young Italian
           Adults’ Mental Health

    • Authors: Giorgio Maria Regnoli, Gioia Tiano, Barbara De Rosa
      First page: 643
      Abstract: The return of war to Europe with the Russo-Ukrainian conflict generated mental health effects even in countries not directly involved in the war. The present study describes the Italian adaptation and validation of the Fear of War Scale (FOWARS), i.e., a 13-item Likert scale built by a Romanian research team and exploring the fear of war. For the Italian adaptation, a sample of 150 young Italian adults (aged 18–30, M = 21.7; SD = 2.2) has been collected. Exploratory Factor Analysis conducted with PCA confirmed the bifactorial structure of the scale and detected two dimensions, i.e., the “Physiological dimension of fear” and the “Experiential dimension of fear”. The results of the Confirmatory Factor Analysis show adequate goodness of fit and the last version of the scale, consisting of 12 items, shows good internal consistency and convergent and discriminant validity. Positive significant correlations with the Worry Domains Questionnaire (WDQ) and the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) were also found. Moreover, results from ANOVA display significant differences between men and women, with the latter showing higher values of fear of war. Finally, t-test analyses highlight the impact of the fear of war on Italian young adults’ mental health and worry. The Italian adaptation of FOWARS has good overall psychometric properties and can be used to explore the fear of war in the Italian young adult population to highlight the psychological impact of war and its relationship with mental health.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-21
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120643
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 644: Decolonising Classroom Management and
           Its Political Hegemony in Universities

    • Authors: Bunmi Isaiah Omodan
      First page: 644
      Abstract: This theoretical opinion paper responds to the existing colonial hegemony in university classrooms. The study is underpinned by decoloniality with objectives to conceptualise decoloniality as a theoretical lens for classroom management and to present the assumptions of decoloniality as an effective classroom management system in universities. The study is located within a transformative worldview, and the argument was analysed using conceptual analysis as a tool to make sense of the argument deductively. The study argued that knowledge production through dialogue, advocating for the weaker voices in the classroom, and challenging power structures are dimensions needed to decolonise classroom management in the university system. The study concludes with the need to promote an atmosphere that encourages discussion, provides opportunities for underrepresented groups to take centre stage, and facilitates bravery from its members towards oppressive systems within the classroom.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-22
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120644
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 645: Positive Shift of the Image of China
           in Recent Hollywood Blockbusters

    • Authors: Yafei Lyu
      First page: 645
      Abstract: Hollywood will encounter some cultural policies when its films are imported to the Chinese film market on a revenue-sharing basis. These include a quota system, a censorship system and an uncertain release schedule. However, China has been the fastest growing film market since 2008 and the second largest film market in the world since 2012 (yet the current film industries worldwide are recovering from the impacts from the COVID-19 pandemic). Despite the restrictive cultural policies, Hollywood, attracted by the promising profitability, have incorporated more Chinese roles and more plots about China to please the Chinese film regulators and audiences in order to gain access to the lucrative Chinese film market. Furthermore, the depiction of China has become more positive and diverse in recent Hollywood blockbusters compared with the Orientalist stereotypical images in the past. The author intends to examine the reasons behind the phenomenon through analysing the positively changing images of China from early Hollywood films to the recent Hollywood blockbusters. In fact, the positively changing depiction of China illustrates China and the US negotiating the dynamic process of cross-cultural exchange in economic and political terms through compromise, competition and collaboration.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-22
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120645
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 646: The Future of War Is Civil War

    • Authors: David Betz
      First page: 646
      Abstract: This essay discusses the more potent forces driving the West toward a future of war which is civil war centred upon the destruction of ‘global’ cities through exploitation of their intrinsic instability. The first part of this essay will establish the plausibility of its main premise, namely the inevitability of outright, active, and wide-scale civil war in North America and Western Europe. I shall demonstrate that there are well-understood indicators showing that our current societal arrangements are failing at an accelerating rate. The second part will briefly address the strengths and weaknesses of the extant future war literature, focusing mainly upon influential works of fiction rather than the quasi-rigorous outpourings of the ‘futurology’ discipline. In the third part, I will describe the shape or character of the wars to come which, in short form, I expect to exhibit the following: a distinctive rural versus urban dimension; jarring societal splits along the fracture lines of multiculturalism; a ‘hi-lo’ mix of weapons featuring extensive innovative reuse of civil tech for military purpose, particularly attacks on infrastructure; and a ‘shock of the old’ reversion-mutation to savage tactics, notably the use of famine and destruction of shelter as tools of coercion. This last section of the paper is partly based on approximately ten years of examining the darker corners of the internet listening to what incipient revolutionaries, neo-anarchists, and want-to-be militiamen think and talk about.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-22
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120646
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 647: The Impact of Gentrification
           Phenomena in Thailand

    • Authors: Chunyarat Nititerapad, Kongkoon Tochaiwat
      First page: 647
      Abstract: The principal objective of this review paper was to study the impact of gentrification phenomena in Thailand using a research methodology combining a review of the existing literature and a desk analysis of case studies, focusing on two main interconnected contributions to debates on gentrification. First, understanding gentrification phenomena by examining the existing literature required a perspective on not only gentrification but also its stages and consequences. Second, particular attention was paid to the desk analysis of case studies of gentrification phenomena in Thailand to provide an overview and critical analysis. The results of this research show that gentrification has accelerated across the globe to become a central engine of urban development. Gentrification is a complex process that has significant and multifaceted impacts on urban communities. Gentrification can have positive impacts, such as improving the urban scenery by revitalising the neighbourhood’s blighted places and raising property values by making buildings more appealing and contemporary. However, gentrification can also have negative impacts due to critical issues that are neglected such as the displacement of original inhabitants, particularly vulnerable populations; the loss of tangible and intangible cultural heritage; social inequalities; environmental vulnerability; and inappropriate land consumption. All of these factors contribute to the fact that urban development in Thailand still runs into issues or roadblocks that keep it inefficient and unable to fully accomplish the intended objectives.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-22
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120647
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 648: Patient and Clinician Experiences
           with Sharing Data Visualizations Integrated into Mental Health Treatment

    • Authors: Sarah Chang, Lucy Gray, Noy Alon, John Torous
      First page: 648
      Abstract: Digital mental health tools can collect vast amounts of data, but little research has been conducted on the impact of visualizing and sharing these data with patients in a clinical setting. In this study, semi-structured interviews were conducted via a HIPAA compliant platform with 10 patients and 5 clinicians in a digital mental health clinic about their experience with the integration of personal data visualizations into care. These interviews, spanning from April 2023 to July 2023, centered around the utility, meaningfulness, and clarity of the visualizations. The qualitative data were subsequently analyzed through an inductive approach for thematic analysis. Themes identified from patient interviews included the ability of visualizations to encourage reflection and action while also providing validation and motivation. Both clinicians and patients noted the importance of having an intermediary (digital navigator) to assist in interpreting the visualizations. The type of visualization preferred by patients varied from patient to patient. Overall, our findings highlight the value of utilizing visualizations in clinical care as a clear and effective way to communicate personal health data to patients and clinicians, suggesting the benefit of continued co-design with all parties.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-22
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120648
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 649: Measures of Violence within the
           United Kingdom Household Longitudinal Survey and the Crime Survey for
           England and Wales: An Empirical Assessment

    • Authors: Niels Blom, Vanessa Gash
      First page: 649
      Abstract: Criminology has been hampered by a lack of longitudinal data to examine the consequences of victimisation. However, recently, ‘Understanding Society’, the United Kingdom Household Panel Survey (UKHLS), began fielding a small battery of questions relating to violence experience. Here, we examined the strengths and weaknesses of these UKHLS measures with similar indices from the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW), a widely used and regarded but cross-sectional survey. We empirically assessed the extent to which the UKHLS variables are comparable with those in the CSEW to determine the viability of the UKHLS for the longitudinal study of (fear of) violence and its consequences. Overall, we regarded the UKHLS to provide an important resource for future panel research on the consequences of victimisation. We found the indicators measuring physical assault to be similar in both sets of data, but also noted differences in prevalence and/or different distributions by socioeconomic group for the indices relating to being threatened and of feeling unsafe. Nonetheless, we maintain their utility for researchers in this field, allowing researchers to uncover new inequalities in violence exposure.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-22
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120649
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 650: Factor Analysis of Croatian Secondary
           School Teachers’ Readiness for Digital Transformation

    • Authors: Višeslav Kirinić, Darijo Čerepinko, Iva Rosanda Žigo
      First page: 650
      Abstract: Based on the fact that digitization of education and culture is one of the fundamental strategic objectives of the European Commission and based on the analysis of key documents published by the European Commission in recent years, it can be said that infrastructure, digital competences, and the use of digital content in the educational process are fundamental guidelines that will guide the transformation of educational systems in all EU Member States in the coming years. The aim of this article is to identify the factors, based on a survey of the respondents’ attitudes, that could drive digital transformation in secondary educational institutions in Croatia. Within the theoretical background of the technology acceptance model (TAM), the results of the survey of 185 teachers and subsequent factor analysis show that the material support of institutions is mandatory as a base for change, while individual factors such as fear of technology and digital enthusiasm could govern the teachers’ response to acceptance of the new technologies.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-22
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120650
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 651: Post-Resettlement Intimate Partner
           Domestic Violence in Afghan and Arab Refugees: A Scoping Review

    • Authors: Zahra Goliaei, Zaina Chaban, Seyedeh Ala Mokhtabad Amrei, Yasamin Pashmineh Azar, Laila Afzal, Rashim Hakim, Hadeer A. Al-Ani, Patrick Marius Koga, Andrea M. Guggenbickler
      First page: 651
      Abstract: Intimate Partner Domestic Violence (IPDV) has been reported to be high in minorities across the US. Among minorities, refugees and immigrants encounter particular barriers that may influence their responses to IPDV. This scoping review examined three decades of literature (1980–2022) on resettled married Afghan and Arab refugee women’s attitudes and behaviors toward IPDV in their host countries, aiming to explore gaps in the research, practice, and policy recommendations. Based on the Arksey and O’Malley model, our scoping review conducted extensive searches in SCOPUS, PubMed, PsychInfo, CINAHL, the Web of Science, the Directory of Open Access Journals, and the Embase databases. Searches identified articles that examined resettled Afghan and/or Arab refugees’ responses to IPDV in Western countries. The search identified 439 unique citations; 17 met the inclusion/exclusion criteria. The major findings included acculturative changes in refugee attitudes and behaviors and in stakeholders’ perspectives. Significant attitudinal changes (acknowledgment, silence, justification, or IPDV disapproval) contrasted with less behavioral changes (help-seeking behaviors, or action plans), or changes in barriers to actions, and with a resistance to change in stakeholders (cultural norms and beliefs, the community patriarchal normalization of violence, service providers’ unfamiliarity with client diversity and refugee cultures) in supporting women’s decision-making regarding IPDV. Not a single article made explicit policy recommendations.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-23
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120651
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 652: Coping with Permanent Liminality:
           

    • Authors: Arpad Szakolczai
      First page: 652
      Abstract: Theatre is the modern liminoid equivalent of ritual liminality, according to Victor Turner. It is also, like most arts, a Janus-faced phenomenon: on one hand, it is a way to systematically infect the public with mimetic desire and rivalry (this is the aspect emphasised, quite rightly, by Plato and René Girard); on the other, it also enables the public expression of views about the contemporary state of social and political life that otherwise would be difficult to speak about, or even censored. As an example, this article will turn to the 1970s in Hungary, when the communist regime had become much softened, though at the same time generated the impression, in everyone, that it would last forever. More concretely, it will first shortly present and analyse the quite unique story of the Kaposvár theatre, which during the decade changed, through a peculiar combination of ‘liminal’ factors, from a boring provincial spectacle to the number one theatrical event of the country, avidly followed by students and intellectuals, especially from the capital. An epilogue is devoted to the masterly article by Elemér Hankiss, the most important and influential intellectual living then in Hungary who became, for a time, the consensus president of the Hungarian Television after the collapse of communism. It exposes the infantilising character of communist power by analysing a series of theatrical performances staged in a leading Budapest theatre in the late 1970s. Infantile adults are evidently caught in a permanent liminality, so Hankiss shows how theatre indeed was a main instrument in diagnosing the worst aspect of life under communist rule, its permanent liminality, reinforcing uncertainty and hopelessness.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-23
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120652
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 653: The Accommodation of Communication in
           the Family as an Adjustment of Cultural Values between Generations

    • Authors: Bhernadetta Pravita Wahyuningtyas, Donna Asteria, Sunarto
      First page: 653
      Abstract: Marriage is a cultural heritage based on a social system that forms certain habits. Generational differences in families often lead to diverse orientations and values regarding wedding rituals. Both mothers and daughters undertake Javanese marriage preparation, which may conflict with what they desire the marriage ceremony to include. These relationships are conflictual in preparing for the event because they involve two generations. This study aims to explore the communication that occurs between mothers and daughters in preparation for a wedding and is analyzed through a communication accommodation process lens. This study uses a qualitative approach, with in-depth interviews and observation as data collection techniques. A data analysis is conducted using thematic analysis techniques. The results indicate the existence of two contexts: the communication accommodation that takes place produces convergence that can solve problems between generations, and generational differences caused by changes in social culture cause differences in communication styles. The findings indicate that (1) marriage is a synchronous part of socializing for both mothers and daughters and (2) the emerging differences refer more to technical aspects. These findings show differences between generations in interpreting various things related to traditional weddings.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-24
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120653
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 654: Sexual Victimization and
           Hypersexuality in College Women: Examining Alcohol Use as a Potential
           Mediator

    • Authors: Ethan Marshall
      First page: 654
      Abstract: The past two decades have yielded a large body of literature that uncovered an unfortunate reality: sexual victimization is more prevalent than previously thought. This body of literature has also indicated a number of the negative consequences of experiencing sexual victimization, including mental illness, substance abuse, and sexual dysfunction. Recent research has also indicated that sexual victimization may lead to hypersexuality. What has yet to be researched is how other negative consequences of sexual victimization, such as substance abuse, may contribute to elevated levels of hypersexuality. Since these behaviors are associated with experiencing future instances of sexual violence, it is important to understand the relationship between these factors. The purpose of the current study is to address this gap in the research by examining whether alcohol use mediates the effect between sexual victimization and hypersexuality. Results indicate that alcohol use does partially mediate the relationship between sexual victimization and hypersexuality, but that sexual victimization still accounts for a significant amount of variation with respect to hypersexuality. These findings indicate that sexual victimization experiences may lead some to engage in problematic coping behaviors, such as risky sexual behavior and increased alcohol consumption, which may place individuals at an increased risk of future victimization experiences.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-25
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120654
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 655: Life Satisfaction of Immigrants and
           Length of Stay in the New Country

    • Authors: Mare Ainsaar
      First page: 655
      Abstract: A large amount of research is dedicated to the measurement of immigration trends and integration processes, but comparative studies of the components of immigrants’ well-being are rare. This paper investigates the link between the length of stay and the subjective well-being (SWB) of immigrants. A step-by-step regression method is used to understand interactions between different individual- and macro-level factors in the life satisfaction of immigrants. The results of the European Social Survey (ESS) show that the effect of length of stay on SWB is mitigated by numerous individual- and country-level variables. After all background variables are considered, newly arrived immigrants and those who have been in the new country for more than 20 years had a similar life satisfaction to that of the local-born population. Immigrants with 10 to 20 years’ experience in the country seem to have lower life satisfaction than the local-born population. The SWB of different immigrant groups is shaped by cultural background, economic coping, number of social contacts, perception of discrimination, and democracy. These factors influence the life satisfaction of migrants with different lengths of stay differently. The most vulnerable immigrant groups in Europe are those from Africa region.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-25
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120655
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 656: Money in Electoral Campaigns: The
           Relationship between Money and Politics as a Cause of the Judicialization
           of Electoral Processes in Brazil

    • Authors: Wagner Pralon Mancuso, Vanessa Elias de Oliveira, Bruno Wilhelm Speck, Rodrigo Rossi Horochovski
      First page: 656
      Abstract: The electoral court is a specialized branch of the Brazilian judiciary that not only organizes and regulates elections in the country but also resolves conflicts between political actors involved in the electoral process. The (mis)use of money in electoral campaigns is one of the causes of the judicialization of electoral processes in Brazil. In fact, among many other reasons, such judicialization can occur when actors in the electoral process (candidates, parties, and party coalitions) are accused, either by their opponents and/or by the Electoral Public Prosecutor’s Office, of irregularities such as abuse of economic power, illegal fundraising or expenditure of electoral resources, electoral corruption, or falsification of the campaign’s accounting records. Through the study of electoral lawsuits filed between 2008 and 2016 against mayoral candidates, this work has two objectives: (i) to dimension the importance of the relationship between money and politics as a cause of the judicialization of electoral processes in Brazilian local elections and (ii) to characterize the candidates that appear as defendants in electoral lawsuits filed by that cause.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-27
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120656
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 657: Language and Power: How Democracy and
           Pluralism Shape Patterns of Minority Political Representation in Bali,
           Indonesia

    • Authors: Nur Sofyan, Naili Farida, Rina Martini, Dewi Erowati
      First page: 657
      Abstract: This study aims to portray the political representation of minorities using discourse analysis as a tool to analyse the 2019 legislative election in Bali province. Bali is a province with the largest Hindu population in Indonesia. It is necessary for minority groups to take strategic steps to express their participation and existence in political contestation. The power of language and the strength of minority political candidates have led to successful competition for seats in the legislature. The ethnically and religiously heterogeneous electorate sympathized with the candidate. Using a linguistic semiotic approach, the analysis results are obtained, and the use of language as a representation of Muslim power is aimed at the diction of “Khadimul Ummah”, or servant of the public. While this study uses a qualitative approach to semiotic analysis, the diction of servant of the public is interpreted using a binary opposition approach. The results of this study show that language creates its identity and becomes a figure of interest to the Balinese people as a representation of Indonesian legislative members in the electoral district of Bali. For most people in Bali, there is a belief that this diction is something that strengthens inter-religious harmony between societies. The significance of this study lies in the fact that language may have symbolic power for both ethnic minority and majority groups.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-27
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120657
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 658: The Vitality of the Binary Gender
           Norm: The Entanglements of Wine Production, Biosociocultural Indicators,
           Reggaeton, Masculinities, Normality in Schools, and Water Management

    • Authors: Claudia Matus
      First page: 658
      Abstract: This article presents the binary gender norm (BGN) as an active and lively concept. To show how gender happens and manifests more as an entanglement than as individual cases in particular communities or locations, the study examines this operation in the context of six apparently unrelated case studies produced simultaneously between 2019 and 2021. Addressing the topics of wine production, biosociocultural indicators, reggaeton, masculinities, normality in schools, and water management, these case studies help show how the binary gender norm maintains itself in invisible ways and responds to any methodological practice employed. How does gender persist as an implacable force that produces stigmatized differences among humans, and why does it seem normal' How is it that, despite all the sophisticated theories and research practices, the binary gender norm finds a way to become gender again' The binary gender norm is familiar but illogical; it is also mutable, sympathetic, and playful. Situated in post-humanist thinking, this article presents a theoretical and methodological discussion on how the binary gender norm shapes itself to continue framing lives.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-28
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120658
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 659: Is It a Crime' Cyberstalking
           Victims’ Reasons for Not Reporting to Law Enforcement

    • Authors: Erica R. Fissel
      First page: 659
      Abstract: Using a sample of 376 young adults (18- to 25-year-olds) who had been cyberstalked in the previous 12 months, the current study attempts to (1) understand the self-identified reasons behind cyberstalking victims’ choice to not report their experiences to law enforcement and (2) determine if there are gender or racial differences associated with the reasons for not reporting. Findings revealed that approximately 86% of cyberstalking victims did not personally report their victimization to law enforcement. The most common reasons for not reporting included not knowing their experience was criminal in nature (53.99%), dealing with it another way (42.82%), and thinking the police would not do anything for them (32.98%) or would not be helpful (31.91%). Analyses also revealed that there were gender-specific differences in one of the reasons for not reporting. Women and another gender identity selected “Thought the police would not do anything” significantly more than men. Implications for these findings are provided.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-28
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120659
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 660: Human Rights-Based Intersex
           Healthcare: Using Hospital Data to Quantify Genital and Reproductive
           Surgery on Children in Aotearoa New Zealand

    • Authors: Katrina Roen, Claire Breen, Ashe Yee
      First page: 660
      Abstract: Medical intervention in the context of variations in sex characteristics (intersex variations) has been addressed by many academic disciplines, including medical research, human rights law, and psychosocial research, but few studies bring these diverse disciplines into substantive dialogue. Recent years have seen an increase in human rights statements about the indefensibility of some surgical interventions carried out on children with variations in sex characteristics. This has prompted attempts in some jurisdictions to move towards human rights-based healthcare for people with intersex variations. Such a move will require better dialogue across legal and health-related disciplines, as well as a clearer overview of which and how many surgical interventions are at issue. The present paper initiates the dialogue across disciplines and quantifies surgical interventions carried out on the sexual and reproductive organs of minors in Aotearoa New Zealand, over a five-year period. We suggest that, for the purpose of monitoring any shift towards human rights-based healthcare, national healthcare data will need to more clearly identify diagnoses and interventions relating to minors with variations in sex characteristics.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-28
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120660
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 661: How Does News Coverage of a Rival
           Nation Affect People’s Attitudes about Their Own Countries' Evidence
           from China

    • Authors: Yating Pan
      First page: 661
      Abstract: Mass media are a key source of public news, significantly influencing the accessibility of certain issues through media coverage. While media coverage of rival nations is known to influence public perceptions, its potential impact on citizens’ attitudes toward their own country is less explored. This study addresses this gap by investigating Chinese respondents’ reactions to U.S. news stories related to food safety issues. The research reveals that exposure to negative news stories about a rival nation’s food safety scandal can lead to a more favorable assessment of one’s own government when the domestic government is perceived to be handling a similar issue better. Conversely, positive news about the rival nation’s food safety issues or slightly negative news about a less severe issue diminishes government satisfaction. The findings suggest that the impact of international news coverage on citizens’ views is shaped by comparisons between nations’ performances. These findings shed light on the complex dynamics of international news and its influence on domestic perceptions.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-29
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120661
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 662: Puerto Rico’s Rescued Schools:
           A Grassroots Adaptive Reuse Movement for Abandoned School Buildings

    • Authors: John-Michael Davis, Mariana Reyes, Jacob Abrogar, Jocelyn Bourgoin, Madison Brown, Evelyn Kellum, Francis Polito, Scott Jiusto
      First page: 662
      Abstract: From 2007 to 2019, over 650 public schools closed in Puerto Rico. School closures not only affect students and teachers; these spaces serve as anchor institutions providing social infrastructure for the sustained health of communities. While closed schools remove a critical community asset, these vacant buildings provide adaptive reuse opportunities for alternative social infrastructure and community resources. This article explores how abandoned schools are repurposed in Puerto Rico, focusing on “rescued schools”—that is, grassroots, voluntary initiatives that repurpose schools to support community development. Through a multi-method approach, we categorized and mapped 161 repurposed schools throughout Puerto Rico—38 were rescued schools—and conducted twelve interviews and two focus groups on rescued school initiatives. Our results describe how abandoned schools offer a galvanizing opportunity for motivated community members to meet emerging, localized needs, and the challenges in gaining school ownership and attracting sustained financial and volunteer support, the lack of which impedes their potential impact. We demonstrate how rescued schools embody alternative regional political visions within Puerto Rico and argue that government authorities can minimize the harm from school closures by forging new partnerships between community-based organizations, municipal governments, and other supportive actors to repurpose schools and reproduce their role as community anchor institutions.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-29
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120662
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 663: Creating Sustainable Climate Change
           Havens for Migrating Populations in the United States and Other Global
           Sites

    • Authors: Elizabeth C. Hirschman
      First page: 663
      Abstract: A model for constructing sustainable Climate Change Haven communities in appropriate areas of the United States and globally is presented. The model proposes the construction of walkable communities of 20,000 to 30,000 residents with electricity provided by hydropower generators and biofuel combustion. The remediation of surface-mined areas using switchgrass and flood control dams to redirect excess rainfall will be required in some areas. This model also addresses the multiple social and cultural considerations required to resettle groups of migrants in Climate Change Haven communities, together with the preparation and preservation of nearby farmland for feeding the community.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-29
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120663
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 664: Adapting to Change: Investigating the
           Influence of Distance Learning on Performance in Italian Conservatories

    • Authors: Veronica Giffi, Stefania Fantinelli, Teresa Galanti
      First page: 664
      Abstract: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the sudden switch from face-to-face learning to distance learning generated many critical issues in music institutes. Specifically, conservatories found themselves using a didactic methodology that had never been considered before to ensure the continuation of students’ education. In particular, the adoption of distance learning has had a greater impact on those classes characterized by a significant practical–experiential component. This study aims to investigate the phenomenon of distance learning in Italian conservatories to explore how this experience affects students’ performance through their satisfaction with distance learning. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 328 students of 41 Italian conservatories, using an online self-report questionnaire to investigate conservatory students’ experience of distance learning and its impact on performance. To test the hypotheses, a mediation model was tested using SPSS version 26. The results show that the positive experience of distance learning has a positive impact on perceived performance and that satisfaction with distance learning, as a mediator role, further reinforces this relationship. This study is the first known one to explore the relationship between the experience of distance learning and student performance in the context of conservatories and music teaching.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-30
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120664
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 665: The Trajectories That Remain to Be
           Told: Civic Participation, Immigrant Organizations, and Women’s
           Leadership in Portugal

    • Authors: Joana Topa, Carla Cerqueira
      First page: 665
      Abstract: This study focuses on migrant women and their civic participation in civil society organizations and/or immigrant associations. Despite women’s migration having a long global history and being of academic interest, extensive knowledge of this situation has increased substantially in recent decades; research on the civic participation of immigrant women in Portugal is still incipient. The structural conditions affecting these women’s mobility processes remain overlooked, concealing their vulnerabilities. Additionally, success stories of migrant women, which could serve as inspirations for others, are often invisible. This exploratory research examines the role of female immigrant leaders and the demands they face in facilitating immigrants’ integration into Portuguese society. Eight qualitative interviews were conducted with diverse immigrant organizations in Portugal, advocating for immigrant rights and promoting integration through various strategies. The results reveal that migrant women’s experiences and participation in leadership roles are shaped not only by their migrant background and their qualifications but also by the difficulties they encountered upon arrival in Portugal. These leaders tend to focus on constraints, particularly regarding the organization’s sustainability, rather than emphasizing opportunities for civic participation. Nevertheless, this study also reveals that participation in IOs leads to increased autonomy and a heightened sense of empowerment for these women. It grants them a voice, visibility, and recognition both in the host society and their own communities. Overall, the study sheds light on the significance of recognizing immigrant women’s contributions and challenges, as well as the crucial role played by immigrant organizations in promoting integration and advocating for immigrants’ rights in Portugal. It also emphasizes the need for the government to financially support these organizations.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-30
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120665
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 666: Drawing Together in Scotland: The
           Opportunities and Challenges for Young Refugees within a ‘Relational
           Wellbeing’ Approach to Integration

    • Authors: Ravi K. S. Kohli, Paul Sullivan, Kirstie Baughan
      First page: 666
      Abstract: In this paper, we consider how young refugees in the Drawing Together project experience integration in Scotland. We critically examine the term ‘refugee integration’ and emphasise its multiple dimensions. Specifically, we analyse Scotland’s role as a country committed to the protection and care of young refugees by mapping some key Scottish legal, political, social and cultural policies and strategies that provide the contexts for refugee integration as a mutual endeavour based on hospitality and reciprocity. Finally, we show the ways young refugees talk of rebuilding a life in Scotland that feels coherent in relation to their past and present circumstances, and their future plans despite the challenges that they encounter in their everyday lives. We suggest that a ‘relational wellbeing’ approach to integration in Scotland is tangible. It confirms the importance of the practical and social opportunities available to young refugees as they resettle. This approach extends the meaning of integration beyond its political and social categories, to include young refugees’ attachment to their faith of origin as well as the natural environment of Scotland. In all, we suggest that young refugees face the challenges and use the opportunities for integration in Scotland in ways that are of sustained benefit, for them as well as Scotland as their new country.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-12-01
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120666
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 667: Family-like Relationships and
           Wellbeing of Young Refugees in Finland, Norway, and Scotland

    • Authors: Marja Tiilikainen, Marte Knag Fylkesnes, Sharon A. McGregor
      First page: 667
      Abstract: In this article, we explore the role of family-like relationships in creating wellbeing for unaccompanied minor refugees (UMRs) to Europe. Our theoretical point of departure is a relational approach to wellbeing as conceptualized by Sarah C. White. The data comprises interviews with 51 settled UMRs in Finland, Norway, and Scotland, focused on their social networks, and a selection of paired interviews with young people alongside someone they defined as family-like and important for their wellbeing today. Findings illuminate the important role family-like relationships have in meeting the daily needs of young refugees. These relationships are ascribed meaning in the context of young people’s wider networks and ideas of ‘what family should do’. Family-like relationships gain particular importance for UMRs in two different ways: first, the physical absence of the family of origin enforces children and young people’s need to create trusted, reciprocal networks. Second, building family-like relationships is necessary in a new country where UMRs grow up and face new expectations, needs, and opportunities. We argue that relational wellbeing is built in a hybrid ‘third space’. A welfare state should support the wellbeing of UMRs by nurturing welcoming communities and providing UMRs help with building family-like relationships through formal and other support networks.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-12-01
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120667
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 668: Linguistic Integration of Adult
           Migrants in Greece and Italy: Language Requirements and Learning
           Opportunities in L2 Greek and L2 Italian

    • Authors: Anna Mouti, Lorenzo Rocca
      First page: 668
      Abstract: Migration has almost always been accompanied by language-related processes and concerns. Integration dimensions interact with numerous language-related issues, such as language requirements and learning opportunities, and the purpose of our paper is situated in the broader field of linguistic integration of adult refugees and migrants in Greece and Italy. Greece and Italy share a double role both as host and transition countries, as two of the main EU entry points for refugees and migrants since the 2015 refugee crisis, and therefore they have been selected as two suitable cases to be further explored. This paper aims to give an overview of the language requirements and language-learning opportunities in the migration context in Greece and Italy. Through our comprehensive review of language requirements and language-learning opportunities in Greece and Italy, we have undertaken an examination of the two contexts employing a comparative approach to scrutinize the processes of linguistic integration. The information presented has shown that similar linguistic requirements are set in both countries although the use and implementation of the Knowledge of Society (KoS) tests seem to discriminate between the two contexts. The results agree with similar findings through indexes such as the Language Policy Index for Migrants (LAPIM) and the Migrant Integration Policy Index (MIPEX).
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-12-04
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120668
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 669: The Long Arm of the State:
           Transnational Repression against Exiled Activists from the Arab Gulf
           States

    • Authors: Noor J. E. Abushammalah
      First page: 669
      Abstract: The Arab Spring was a period of intense activism demanding democracy and freedom that swept across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. While previous research has focused on the role of diaspora communities in the uprisings and the strategies employed by regimes to suppress them, it has primarily centered on countries that experienced large-scale revolutions and endured severe consequences. Consequently, the current literature has failed to explore the situation of Arab Gulf dissidents living in exile, instead focusing on a few isolated incidents. This paper examines the transnational repression (TR) campaign of the Arab Gulf states (AGSs). Drawing on the literature about the long arm of authoritarianism and TR, this paper explores the various TR methods employed by the AGSs to silence activists living abroad. The paper finds that the nature of TR in the Arab Gulf region is unique when compared with other MENA countries. The TR campaign of AGSs is alarmingly expanding, using various mechanisms and resources, making the region one of the world’s leading perpetrators. The methods employed by the AGSs include travel bans as part of their coercion by proxy, digital transnational repression, and the use of multilateral organizations as tools of repression. Additionally, this paper highlights the AGSs’ support of other countries’ TR.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-12-04
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120669
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 670: Phenomenon-Based Learning in Teaching
           a Foreign Language: Experiences of Lithuanian Teachers

    • Authors: Nijole Ciuciulkiene, Ilona Tandzegolskiene-Bielaglove, Martyna Culadiene
      First page: 670
      Abstract: Phenomenon-based learning (hereinafter PhenoBL) is widely studied in the majority of European countries, especially given that research data indicate that PhenoBL is more successful in providing effective learning, better student achievement, a stronger interest in science, and even a higher happiness index. However, there are sparse data on the educational practice of this method in Lithuania, particularly in foreign language teaching (FLT). Thus, teachers’ professional preparation for the effective implementation of PhenoBL remains one of the most relevant research problems. For this reason, this study aims to analyse the experiences of Lithuanian foreign language teachers in incorporating PhenoBL into FLT. Fifteen individual semi-structured interviews were conducted, and the obtained data were analysed by applying qualitative inductive content analysis. An inductive content analysis of the interview reports revealed six themes and related categories: the perception of student-centred teaching, the development of subject integration competencies, teamwork development competencies, research-planning skills, the positioning of personal responsibilities and duties, and foreign language usage emancipation, i.e. setting free from personal fears (fear to make grammar, vocabulary mistakes, while speaking in public) to speak a foreign languages. The content of the revealed themes indicated that teachers highlighted the flexibility of PhenoBL from the perspective of its application to different language learning levels within one group. The majority of the respondents underlined the necessity for the development of an active didactic competence. Other respondents mentioned the importance of the correlation between personal creativity competence development and success in PhenoBL. It was also stressed that if a teacher wants to be successful while using PhenoB, they must to be prepared to work with integration-based and communication-emancipatory methods, must be student-centred, must have competencies in teaching several subjects, must be good at teamwork, and must be good at managing learning time.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-12-05
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120670
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 671: Motivations to Collect: How Consumers
           Are Socialized to Build Product Collections

    • Authors: Jennifer Johnson Jorgensen, Katelyn Sorensen, Melisa Spilinek
      First page: 671
      Abstract: Most people have collected products at some point in their lives; however, little is known about how people are socialized to collect. This mixed methods study recruited 213 participants to explain and explore the influences of family, friends, romantic partners, and online social media on the continued intention to build product collections. Qualitative findings revealed a clear pattern of familial influences when participants shared how their collections started. When starting collections, participants acquired products through either personal interest in the products or receiving gifts from family members. However, quantitative results indicate that friends, romantic partners, and social media have a greater influence after the product collection has started. The results and findings of this study also guide an adaptation of the consumer socialization theory.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-12-05
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12120671
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 585: School Geography’s Critical
           Role for a More Sustainable Future: Powerful Knowledge and Praxis

    • Authors: Sally Windsor, Jeana Kriewaldt
      First page: 585
      Abstract: In this theoretical article we draw on the concepts of powerful knowledge and powerful pedagogies to argue that the school geography curriculum is key to developing structured teaching programmes for students to extend their knowledge and actions for a sustainable future. We argue that geography education uniquely opens up opportunities for action with its focus on place-based, sensory and multimedia experiences, that centre on students’ schools and their communities. This article posits that, although important, merely identifying geographical powerful knowledge is not enough, teachers must also incorporate geographical “powerful pedagogies”. Geography, as a discipline, holds a critical role when it comes to sustainability and education for the future as it makes the links between people and the environment clearly visible. Yet for Geography to be a discipline that empowers students to navigate their current and future life-worlds, it must encompass action through fieldwork and incorporate dialogue between students, teachers, experts and the public that focus on perspectives and possibilities for praxis—action for the good of humankind. This article situates geography education in the powerful knowledge debate by offering a new synthesis of theories connecting curriculum, practice architectures and praxis/action for the future.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-24
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110585
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 586: Multi-Functional Ties and Well-Being
           in Family Networks before and after Parental Divorce

    • Authors: Vera de Bel
      First page: 586
      Abstract: This family network study analyses family relationships and well-being from the perspectives of 144 children, parents, grandparents, aunts, and uncles in 41 families. The study investigates whether multi-functional family ties, i.e., ties that serve multiple needs simultaneously, are associated with higher well-being, and whether these multi-functional ties are especially important in families that have experienced parental divorce. Additionally, the study examines whether receiving such ties from nuclear or extended family members contributes to well-being. The results of the study indicate that receiving multi-functional ties is associated with higher well-being, especially when these ties are received from one’s nuclear family members. When comparing retrospective reports with prospective reports, family members from families that experienced parental divorce report an increase in well-being over time. However, this effect cannot be attributed to a change in the number of multi-functional ties received.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-24
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110586
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 587: Comparison of Interdependent and
           Subjective Happiness between Japanese and Thai College Students: A
           Research Note

    • Authors: Hitomi Aoyama, Satoshi Horiuchi
      First page: 587
      Abstract: Cross-cultural studies have suggested that happiness in Eastern countries is characterized by a greater extent of relationships and harmony with others than in Western countries; however, happiness levels may differ across Asian countries. A comparison of happiness levels between Japan and Thailand provides a unique opportunity to identify this difference. Thailand has experienced rapid economic growth, going from a low-income to an upper-middle-income country in the span of a single generation. Japan is a high-income country. This study compared levels of interdependent and subjective happiness between Japanese and Thai college students. Participants were 101 Japanese and 157 Thai college students who completed well-established multiple-item scales for interdependent and subjective happiness. The data were collected through online surveys. The level of subjective happiness was significantly higher among Thai college students than their Japanese counterparts, while that of interdependent happiness did not differ. The differences were small based on the effect sizes. These results extend previous findings by using established, multiple-item scales of interdependent and subjective happiness to demonstrate that Thai individuals show higher levels of happiness compared with their Japanese counterparts.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-25
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110587
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 588: Breaking the Silence: Perceived
           Barriers to Safeguarding Child and Young Athletes in Uganda and a
           Rights-Based Framework for Positive Change

    • Authors: Eva Tumwiine Kisakye, Dikaia Chatziefstathiou, Yetsa Tuakli-Wosornu
      First page: 588
      Abstract: Over 8 million children in Uganda are considered vulnerable to various forms of maltreatment, of which sexual violence is experienced by 26 girls daily. In the context of Ugandan sport, the types and magnitude of violence against child and young athletes is yet to be determined. The study aims to: (1) examine the barriers associated with prioritizing and implementing policies and programs to safeguard child and young athletes against harassment and abuse in Uganda as perceived by local stakeholders across Ugandan sport, and (2) offer a rights-based framework for implementing positive change in sport safeguarding in Uganda and other countries of similar cultural backgrounds. The study includes eleven (n = 11) purposively selected participants: athletes, coaches, medical practitioners, and policy makers, all born and living in Uganda. This is a qualitative inquiry that involves online in-depth interviews. The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) guides our exploratory analysis to examine context-specific barriers to better inform key recommendations for interventions. A rights-based, multi-contextual framework (TRAUMA) with multi-stakeholder engagement is proposed as a culturally tailored response for the safeguarding of child and young athletes in Uganda and other similar cultural backgrounds.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-25
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110588
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 589: Between an Acknowledgment of
           Immigration and Neglect' Assessing Interculturalism and Media Integration
           in Luxembourg

    • Authors: Suzana Cascao
      First page: 589
      Abstract: Luxembourg is a de facto multicultural country, with 179 different nationalities represented. It is, however, complex to identify who among the latter is perceived as an immigrant by public opinion. In the same vein, immigration stories rarely make the headlines of some of the most prominent outlets of Luxembourg’s mainstream media. This study covers the print content of some of Luxembourg’s dominant media outlets in the search for the representation of (im)migrants and refugees. It thus takes a perspective whereby media act as a vehicle for a quintessential aspect of interculturalism, that of local meaningful interaction. Its overarching question regards the role that both local mainstream and minority media sectors can play in promoting integration through intercultural dialogue. It is hereby argued that immigrants are foremost represented and given a voice in media outlets created for the immigrant and cross-border communities as well as in mainstream media with more local (Tageblatt) and independent political views (D’Lëtzebuerger Land). In stronghold media such as RTL Lëtzebuerg and Luxemburger Wort, immigrants are, instead, scarcely represented.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-25
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110589
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 590: Emotions of Candidates on Twitter in
           the 2023 Seville City Council Election: A Second-Order Campaign'

    • Authors: David García-García, José Manuel Trujillo
      First page: 590
      Abstract: This paper analyses the messages that candidates emitted on the social network Twitter (now called “X”) during the campaign for the 2023 municipal elections in the city of Seville and the emotions they used. This type of electoral process has usually been deemed as second-order elections within multilevel governance political systems, implying that the national arena may affect local dynamics to some degree. Thus, the main research objective is to determine the extent to which elements of nationalisation were used in candidates’ rhetoric, along with the emotional components associated with each political formation during a local campaign somewhat relevant on the state level. A total of 960 tweets were retrieved through R Statistics and the Application Programming Interface of the social network itself. They were then analysed drawing upon the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count programme. The results show that certain elements of nationalisation were indeed used by candidates, in addition to emotional-level differences present in their messages. This accentuates the evident need for further research on municipal elections and campaigns, as well as on their potential distinctive features regarding political jurisdiction.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-25
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110590
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 591: The Tick Issue as a Reflection of
           Society–Nature Relations: Localized Perspectives, Health Issues and
           Personal Responsibility—A Multi-Actor Sociological Survey in a Rural
           Region (The Argonne Region, France)

    • Authors: Philippe Hamman, Aude Dziebowski
      First page: 591
      Abstract: Ticks are acarids that can transmit diseases, such as Lyme borreliosis, to human beings. They have often been considered from an ecological perspective (the environments in which they live) or from a medical one (diagnosis and treatment), while relational approaches to human–tick encounters that integrate the social sciences have remained less common. This article opts for a socio-territorial approach and a cross-analysis of different groups of actors faced with tick risk in a rural environment during their professional or leisure activities: foresters, farmers, hunters, environmentalists and hikers. The paper is based on observations and about thirty sociological interviews conducted in 2021–2022 in the rural Argonne region (France). The survey reveals the interconnection and tension between three types of approach to tick-related issues, i.e., a localized approach (based on a knowledge of place as well as everyday uses), a health-centered approach (medical knowledge as transformed and shaped by the respondents’ own experiences of tick-borne disease) and an emphasis on taking personal responsibility instead of collective preventive health initiatives or awareness campaigns (as to the location of “tick areas” or of protective measures).
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-26
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110591
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 592: European Environment, Social, and
           Governance Norms and Decent Work: Seeking a Consensus in the Literature

    • Authors: Agnieszka Dziewulska, Colin W. P. Lewis
      First page: 592
      Abstract: Decent Work is considered essential to the facilitation of a transition to greener, fairer, more prosperous, and more just societies. Decent Work represents a fundamental component of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and a crucial facet of European Union (EU) environment, social, and governance (ESG) norms. Despite its prominence, the precise definition and materiality of Decent Work is obscure and remains subject to limited consensus. To understand these critical gaps, we conducted a comprehensive review with a systematic search of the literature on the subject, encompassing both scientific research and institutional publications. Our review encompassed 517 papers, with a particular focus on three key areas: (1) delineating the constituents of Decent Work, (2) exploring the materiality of Decent Work, and (3) examining how firms value, measure, and report Decent Work. The domain of regulated reporting for Decent Work and its material impact is relatively nascent, resulting in limitations in effectively measuring its tangible, material effects towards a green and just transition. Consequently, our review, with a systematic search of the literature, uncovered notable gaps within the body of literature concerning Decent Work, its substance for ESG materiality regulations, and its conspicuousness for a just transition. Furthermore, our review serves as a critical foundation for fostering discussions and emphasises the practical implications of enumerating the materiality of Decent Work, without which a just transition would be unattainable. By highlighting these deficiencies, we aim to enhance the understanding and implementation of the materiality of Decent Work within the broader context of ESG and the green transition.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-26
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110592
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 593: Power and Precarity: First Generation
           Students Compose Digital Stories of Class Mobility

    • Authors: Jane A. Van Galen
      First page: 593
      Abstract: Bell Hooks writes that to sustain myths of meritocratic educational systems, college campuses remain silent about social class differences. For poor and working-class first-generation college students, this silence means learning little about structural obstacles placed in the way of aspiring to and then succeeding in college. They commonly graduate from under-financed high schools in economically declining communities, yet internalize shame and silence as they struggle to compete with more privileged peers once on campus. Toward breaking that silence, I facilitated digital storytelling workshops with 78 diverse first and former first-generation students across the U.S. and later interviewed them. Drawing on Bourdieu’s analysis of class as both internalized and material, the paper discusses how these storytellers made class inequalities visible in speaking of their daily lives. From an emerging collective identity, they reported a new sense of agency and voice.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-26
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110593
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 594: Enriching Cultural Heritage through
           the Integration of Art and Digital Technologies

    • Authors: Polyxeni Mantzou, Xenofon Bitsikas, Anastasios Floros
      First page: 594
      Abstract: Digital technologies are reshaping traditional static urban typologies, as the museum, urging a rethinking of how Cultural Heritage (CH) is experienced. The work presents the PALIMPSEST Project, an Interreg V-A Greece–Italy funded project, which proposes a dynamic, interactive, participatory, and personalized museum experience in the urban context of Ioannina, Greece, establishing an open-air, immaterial, immersive museum route in the city. The project’s innovative approach involved three methodological stages. In the first stage, a collection of past stories of the city was achieved through transgenerational collaboration of students and older generations. In the second stage, the collected material was organized to create an interactive mobile app, allowing users to access existing and add new stories, fostering bottom-up development. In the last stage, a museum experience was built around interactive installations from selected stories through co-creation processes and dispersed throughout the city’s public space, activated by the visitors via the app. PALIMPSEST established a hybrid, open-air museum route, connecting the ICH with the urban landscape, and creating personalized and unexpected experiences of the city. The project offers a novel way to reconceptualize the museum by integrating digital technologies, arts, storytelling, and active participation, bringing the museum into the open urban space.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-26
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110594
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 595: Sibling Violence and Position in
           Sibling Dyad in a Sample of Adolescents: How Does It Relate to
           Self-Esteem'

    • Authors: Catarina Pinheiro Mota, Joana Rita Sousa, Inês Carvalho Relva
      First page: 595
      Abstract: (1) Background: Research regarding sibling violence is still scarce, although it is the most common type of intrafamily violence. Every sibling’s position in the sibling dyad seems to influence this type of violent conduct since every status has its characteristics. Siblings involved in aggressive behavior seem to be described as having low self-esteem. This study intends to test the predictive effect of self-esteem, sibling position and sex on sibling violence development. (2) Method: The sample consists of 286 students, aged between 12 and 17 years, from both sexes. A social demographic questionnaire and the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales—the Portuguese Sibling Version (CTS2-SP) and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were used for data collection. (3) Results: The results show an association between self-esteem in sibling violence, as well as an association between sibling position on negotiation and sexual coercion’s perpetration and victimization. Sex also predicts the negotiation of psychological aggression’s perpetration and psychological and physical aggression’s victimization. (4): the results will be discussed according to the attachment theory, considering the importance of affective bonds with siblings as adaptive development facilitators.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-26
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110595
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 596: Using Mixed Reality to Support
           Inclusive Teaching Strategies in General and Special Education Preparation
           Programs

    • Authors: Maria B. Peterson-Ahmad, Randa Keeley, Andrea Frazier
      First page: 596
      Abstract: Preparing teacher candidates to provide learning strategies that support the differentiated needs of students should be at the forefront of all educator preparation programs (EPPs). Teacher candidates must become fluid in providing strategies that promote students’ individualized academic and social–emotional growth as well as strategies that support effective collaboration to enhance student productivity across the school environment. This pilot study explored the use of mixed reality (e.g., Mursion) as a tool to support pre-service general and special education teacher preparation and improvement of self-efficacy related to student engagement and instructional strategies. This study collected data on teacher candidates’ pre-/post-self-efficacy and participant self-reflections from an EPP in the United States. The results of this study yielded ideas as to how EPPs can better support teacher candidate preparation using a mixed-reality platform, as data revealed participant increase in self-efficacy and gains in the use of student engagement and instructional strategies that supported the use of evidence-based and high-leverage practices.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-26
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110596
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 597: From Schoolyards to Government: A
           Comparative Analysis of the Positive Effect of Teenager Participation in
           Local Governance

    • Authors: Ines Nelly Saltiel, Pantelis Sklias
      First page: 597
      Abstract: Amid growing academic discourse on teenagers’ political rights, this paper argues that the inclusion of teenagers in the decision-making process at the municipal level has positive effects. Based on qualitative and quantitative research on three municipalities in Greece and Sweden, this paper concludes that a level of awareness of the critical issue of climate change leads to a greater propensity for action from municipal councils aimed at restoring the environment. The findings demonstrate that including teenagers in the decision-making process at the local and regional level could lead to a greater focus on forward-thinking policies, particularly in areas concerning young people, such as environmental preservation efforts and democratic rights.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-26
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110597
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 598: Exploring the Nuances of Emirati
           Identity: A Study of Dual Identities and Hybridity in the Post-Oil United
           Arab Emirates

    • Authors: Asmaa Al Hameli, Monerica Arnuco
      First page: 598
      Abstract: In the face of globalization and diversity in the United Arab Emirates, the post-oil generation of Emiratis face unique challenges in navigating their cultural and national identities. Previously published research and scholarly works have engaged in complex discourse around Emirati identities, describing them as a population with similar genealogical backgrounds, ancestry, history, and cultural values. However, the element of heterogeneity among Emiratis remains highly under-examined. This research paper will examine the experiences of Emiratis with dual identities in the UAE, investigating their perceptions, attitudes, and narratives on being labeled as the “other” by their compatriots; exploring the spaces where hybrid Emiratis, locally known as “halfies”, choose to reveal and conceal their multiplicity. In order to examine this complex socio-cultural phenomenon, semi-structured interviews with twenty Emiratis with twin identities were employed for this empirical study. The examination of the interviews uncovered the difficulties that individuals with mixed heritage encounter, as well as their strategies for overcoming these obstacles in order to find acceptance in a society that values a shared national identity. The research findings contribute to the scholarship of Emirati identity construction.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-27
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110598
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 599: Assessing the Socioeconomic Impacts
           of Transitioning from Plutocracy to Meritocracy in University Admissions

    • Authors: Lasha Labadze
      First page: 599
      Abstract: This paper examines the effects of transitioning from a plutocratic to a meritocratic university admission system on students and society. We develop a theoretical model to predict the socioeconomic impacts of this transition and validate our predictions using simulations and empirical data from Georgia, where education reform shifted university admissions from a plutocratic system to a meritocratic one, providing a natural experiment that enables us to validate predictions of our theoretical model. The findings demonstrate positive outcomes for individuals from low socioeconomic backgrounds, including improved educational attainment and increased labor income.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-28
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110599
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 600: Exploring the Relational in
           Relational Wellbeing

    • Authors: Sarah C. White, Shreya Jha
      First page: 600
      Abstract: This paper explores the different ways that relationships and the relational figure in the integrative approach, relational wellbeing (RWB). These are (1) conceptualising persons as relational subjects; (2) relationships as the means through which people seek to address a wide variety of needs; (3) inter-relations between the experience of wellbeing and the underlying factors within persons and their contexts that either promote or undermine wellbeing; (4) relationships serving as conduits of power and the making of identities; and (5) inter-relations between the concepts and methods of research with representations of (persons and) wellbeing. The main thrust of the paper is theoretical, but it is anchored in long-standing research into wellbeing in the global South and practical experience in applying RWB in the global North. Empirically, it draws, in particular, on a case study from Zambia of a ‘meshwork’ of relations between birth and foster parents and children moving between households. This places the relational, rather than the individual, at the centre of analysis. It shows how different dimensions of wellbeing may coincide, but there may also be trade-offs between them. Relationships are bearers of power, and it is the interactions of structure and agency that ultimately limit or engender opportunities for sustained individual and collective wellbeing.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-28
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110600
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 601: What Comes after Cabinet'
           Post-Cabinet Careers of German Regional Ministers between 1945 and 2014

    • Authors: Sebastian Jäckle
      First page: 601
      Abstract: Political elite studies so far have often dealt with career paths before entering a particular political position, focusing mostly on individual states of a career. However, they have consistently neglected what comes after a political office and the temporal–sequential character of biographies. This paper addresses these two issues. Using sequence analysis techniques, it examines the post-cabinet careers of ministers from the German states in the period 1945–2014 using a newly created, original dataset containing 1400 trajectories and over 12,000 coded person years. The descriptive analysis shows partly significant differences in post-cabinet careers by gender, state, decade, and last ministerial portfolio, but less so by party membership. Three of the five clusters found represent comparatively homogeneous post-cabinet career structures. Whereas in the early years of the republic most politicians did not have a subsequent (long) professional career after leaving office, switching to the private business sector and, above all, remaining in politics at the state level, represent the two most prominent career paths. A springboard career in federal politics, on the other hand, is rare, but certainly possible. From a methodological point of view, this study shows the potential, but also the problems of sequence analysis for research on political elites and offers ideas on how to continue with this approach.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-28
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110601
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 602: Working Conditions of Venezuelan
           Immigrants in Cúcuta, Los Patios and La Parada (Colombia): Decent
           Work'

    • Authors: María-Antonia Cuberos, Neida Albornoz-Arias, Carolina Ramírez-Martínez, Akever-Karina Santafé-Rojas
      First page: 602
      Abstract: Migration processes entail a change in the conditions of the existence of its protagonists as they integrate into a new life, where work is of paramount importance. For this reason, it is interesting to know the working conditions of immigrants when they settle in the new host country, as it is up to the latter to design policies that strengthen their integration, with decent work being relevant, as it has an impact on the well-being of these people, as set out in the great challenge of the Global Compact. Thus, a study was conducted on the working conditions of Venezuelan immigrants settled in the border cities of Cúcuta, Los Patios, and La Parada (Colombia) using a quantitative methodology through a multidimensional analysis of the factors related to their occupation, projecting a perceptual map with similarities and differences that show the characteristics of their current working conditions. These findings made it possible to determine that the current working conditions do not correspond to decent work, which requires the design of proposals by those who manage the governance of migration that favour labour insertion and the achievement of the sustainable development objective of decent work.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-30
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110602
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 603: Comparative Analysis of the
           Journalistic Agenda between Corporate and Community Media in Ecuador
           National Strike 2022

    • Authors: Franklin Gabriel Cuzco-Gallegos, Yadis Vanessa Vanegas-Toala
      First page: 603
      Abstract: This article presents a comparative analysis of the journalistic coverage of the Ecuador social mobilizations of June 2022. It takes as case studies the corporate media Ecuavisa, with 215 news of the stellar newscast Televistazo, and the community media Televisión del Movimiento Indígena de Cotopaxi (TV MICC), with 437 publications on its Facebook page. Based on the Critical Discourse Analysis, we investigate the media disputes of meaning and power in the journalistic agenda and framing, from which the legitimization and delegitimization of the protest were configured. Among the main results, Ecuavisa focused its news agenda on the defense of governmental actions and the support to the productive business sector, generating a frame of support for the actions of the public forces in defense of democracy, while TV MICC, in a practice of communicational sovereignty, generated journalistic coverage vindicating the political agenda of the mobilization led by the Indigenous Movement. Additionally, it made visible the multiple violations of human and cultural rights carried out by the public force within the framework of a racist culture.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-30
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110603
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 604: Into the Great Wide Open—From
           Classroom to Virtual Learning

    • Authors: Charney Weitzman, Jan Perrin
      First page: 604
      Abstract: This paper charts the journey from classroom-based training delivery to hybrid and virtual learning opportunities used to overcome the challenges imposed by public health restrictions introduced in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The public health measures introduced in March 2020 had a significant effect on the ability of the Children First Information and Advice Service (CFIAS), in Tusla, Ireland’s Child and Family Agency, to deliver services. One of the key tools used by the CFIAS to support understanding of responsibilities, and best practice, in child safeguarding by professionals, and within organisations, has been the provision of direct training and information sessions. The introduction of public health restrictions necessitated a complete rethink by the CFIAS on how child safeguarding training and information are delivered. The paper presents an outline of the background and context of child safeguarding in Ireland, followed by a description of some of the challenges experienced by the CFIAS in response to the pandemic public health restrictions. It includes discussion on strategies and solutions considered to overcome these challenges. There is further discussion on the tools and methods eventually used, followed by a reflection on lessons learned by the CFIAS in areas including training delivery and methodology, eLearning, and information provision. The paper provides an analysis of limited qualitative and quantitative data, as well as a reflection on the lived experience of the CFIAS team members responding to the challenges posed during this time period, rather than a preplanned research study on pedagogical approaches in adult learning.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-30
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110604
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 605: Factors Influencing Post-COVID-19
           Virtual Education and Its Impact on University Students: Analysis Using
           Structural Equation Models

    • Authors: Roberto Carlos Valdés Hernández, Lizeth Armenta Zazueta, Juan Gabriel López Hernández, Vidblain Amaro Ortega
      First page: 605
      Abstract: The transcendence of the COVID-19 pandemic in education has transformed the way students use information and communication technologies (ICT) to take virtual classes since the closure of universities, so this research aims to describe how students in the School of Administrative Sciences at the Autonomous University of Baja California use ICT in times of COVID-19 to take their classes. The results obtained show that ICT management directly and indirectly influences students’ collaborative work, and in a direct way, the responsible use of ICT in the teaching–learning process. It also includes a construct validation of the ICT factor in the teaching–learning process and COVID-19 by means of confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), an analysis procedure in structural equation modeling (SEM).
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-30
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110605
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 606: Reflections on the Impact of an
           Intergenerational Digital Storytelling Program on Changing Attitudes and
           Fostering Dialogue and Understanding across the Generations

    • Authors: Mark Silver, Lysha Zhi Yan Lee
      First page: 606
      Abstract: Digital storytelling (DST) has the primary goal of giving underrepresented voices a platform to be seen and heard. Adding an intergenerational dimension can bring about many other benefits for all participants as well as the wider community. This article presents a reflection on the Positive Ageing Digital Storytelling Intergenerational Program (PADSIP), outlining the various elements involve in program planning and implementation, reflecting on the past 15 years of program delivery, and underscoring future directions. PADSIP brings together older adults from both community and residential care settings with high school students in an intergenerational context. The process involves collaboratively creating digital stories that explore shared passions and lived experiences. Over the past 15 years, the program has evolved to include various adaptations to accommodate diverse groups, including neurodiverse individuals and those with disabilities. The program, originally taking a ten-session weekly format, has even become an integral part of school curricula in one local high school. Although the COVID-19 pandemic prompted adjustments including temporary transition of program meetings to online platforms as well as video production assistance, the intergenerational bonds and meaningful dialogues remained strong. By challenging stereotypes and fostering deeper connections, the program highlights the potential for intergenerational DST to positively reshape attitudes and understanding among participants. Current and future program research seek to delve into the mechanisms that facilitate such transformative outcomes, investigating the in-depth connections and communication that characterise the intergenerational DST approach.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-01
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110606
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 607: Editorial Introduction to New
           Directions in Gender Research

    • Authors: Maria Helena Santos, Carla Cerqueira
      First page: 607
      Abstract: There have been many transformations in intellectual scope, in theories and methods, which have also marked research in the field of gender studies [...]
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-01
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110607
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 608: Sharing Art as a Daily Resistance
           Strategy in Madrid during the 2020 Lockdown: 50 Days of Collective
           Experience at the Plaza de San Bernardo

    • Authors: Laia Falcón
      First page: 608
      Abstract: The manner in which individuals worldwide shared art during the most challenging months of the COVID-19 pandemic stands as one of the most significant instances of creative social resistance in recent history. As a collective tool of resistance against emotional trauma, and as a means to foster a sense of community and well-being, the study of this phenomenon offers a compelling avenue for research into creativity and its social functions. This paper presents a descriptive case study of a successful 50-day collective experience within a neighborhood community in Madrid, Spain, during a period when the city, as a notably exceptional case study for research, bore one of the heaviest burdens of COVID-19 in the world. Data were gathered through in-depth personal interviews and direct observations. Applying a connected approach drawing on the fields of the Sociology of Art and Media Studies, three key findings emerge: (1) participants emphasized shared live artistic performances as the primary catalyst for fostering a sense of community, collective resilience, and overall well-being; (2) their sense of togetherness was further bolstered by digital and media support, as recordings of live performances were shared with loved ones living elsewhere, as well as with journalists and on social networks. This network of communication played a pivotal role in connecting individuals; (3) the combined efforts of both initiatives contributed to the development of a more positive individual and shared narrative surrounding the crisis.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-01
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110608
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 609: Racial Othering and Relational
           Wellbeing: African Refugee Youth in Australia

    • Authors: Tebeje Molla
      First page: 609
      Abstract: Racialised and culturally distinct refugee groups increasingly face hostilities and negative representations in countries of resettlment. The experience of African refugee youth in Australia illustrates this general trend. This paper explores how racial Othering discourse seriously undermines the group’s wellbeing. The article concentrates in particular on two aspects of relational wellbeing, the capacity to move in public without fear or shame and the ability to feel a sense of belonging to the place where one lives in. Theoretically, the paper draws together work on wellbeing from a capability approach and relational perspective with interdisciplinary literature on racial Othering. Empirically, the paper demonstrates the pervasive culture of racial Othering through media identifications of African youth with criminality and gang violence and illustrates impacts on young people’s wellbeing through data from interviews with African refugee youth. The youth’s accounts show how it feels to be a problem and what it means not to belong.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-01
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110609
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 610: Coast and City, It Matters Where You
           Live: How Geography Shapes Progression to Higher Education in England

    • Authors: Christopher James Playford, Anna Mountford-Zimdars, Simon Benham-Clarke
      First page: 610
      Abstract: Progression to higher education in England varies markedly by region, with lower rates of participation outside of London. While some previous studies have explored challenges in accessing higher education in rural and coastal areas, there is a lack of research which considers both individual-level and geographic effects in relation to regional variations in HE progression. In this study, using multivariate regression analysis, we examine whether regional differences in transition to higher education can be explained by the rural/coastal nature of the geographic area in which young people grow up, by area-level deprivation, or by the characteristics of young people living within these regions. The analysis uses the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England, a representative cohort study. These data have been linked to information on the proximity to the coast. Consistent with other work, we find that individual differences and area-level deprivation predict HE aspirations and progression. The newly introduced coastal/rural indicator also predicts HE aspirations and progression, but this is mitigated by the inclusion of individual differences and area-level deprivation. However, we find that unexplained regional differences persist. In particular, the South West of England emerges as a regional cold spot for HE. Consequently, policy makers should consider the role that regional dynamics may have in influencing the choices and constraints faced by young people. The approach may also be applicable to understanding inequalities in progression to HE in other countries.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-02
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110610
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 611: Nature and Belonging in the Lives of
           Young Refugees: A Relational Wellbeing Perspective

    • Authors: Nick Haswell
      First page: 611
      Abstract: This paper explores the relationship between nature contact, wellbeing and belonging in the resettlement experiences of young refugees in Finland. Drawing on qualitative data, including participant-made artworks and semi-structured interviews, it explores the different ways refugees encounter nature in their past, present and (imagined) future. Using a relational wellbeing approach, the paper considers how subjective, material and relational dimensions of wellbeing arise and interrelate within refugees’ encounters with nature and how these encounters link with refugees’ developing sense of belonging to people and places in Finland. The paper describes how, in the context of refugee resettlement, nature encounters can foster a sense of belonging in three ways: through restoration and attachment in the present, through maintaining links with the past, and through shaping desires about a future in which to thrive. Considering refugees’ sense of belonging in Finland as part of the relational wellbeing generated, in part, from their encounters with nature, these three aspects of belonging represent particular interrelations between subjective, material and relational dimensions of refugees’ wellbeing.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-02
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110611
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 612: Foreign Aid and Institutional Quality
           towards Reducing Gender-Based Violence

    • Authors: Abiola John Asaleye, Kariena Strydom
      First page: 612
      Abstract: Studies have shown a possible link between women achieving some degree of economic independence through empowerment and a decline in gender-based violence (GBV). However, inadequate funding has been a major challenge in developing economies, while foreign aid has been seen as an alternative funding source. Foreign aid for promoting women’s rights and gender equality is improving in African countries. Yet, according to official statistics, the frequency of GBV in Africa is among the highest in the world. Given this, this paper examines the impact of women’s aid and institutional quality on factors that can reduce GBV using both cross-sectional autoregressive lags to investigate short- and long-run implications and the Panel Vector Correction Model to examine the shock effect of aid on other variables. Also, the mediating role of institutional quality and women’s aid are considered. The metrics used for the factors that reduce GBV are female children out of school, the secondary school gender parity index, the genital mutilation prevalence rate, and the metrics for institutional quality are the rules of law and government effectiveness. The implications from the findings show that enhancing the legal structure is very important in Africa, given the low coefficient values to reduce discrimination against the right to education; more should be done to increase the enrolment of female students through the maximisation of women’s aid in order to achieve the short- and long-term objectives of reducing gender violence. The findings also show that the rule of law significantly aids in the reduction of female genital mutilation in the short and long run; government effectiveness is insignificant. Also, they show that women’s aid also reduces female genital mutilation, albeit at a low rate. The results of this study call for strong enhanced government support and funding to end the practice of female genital mutilation and discrimination against female education in the short and long run.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-02
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110612
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 613: Measuring the Outcome of Perpetrator
           Programmes through a Contextualised and Victim-Centred Approach: The
           Impact Project

    • Authors: Berta Vall, Jaume Grané Morcillo, Alessandra Pauncz, Marianne Hester
      First page: 613
      Abstract: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health and widespread problem, and perpetrator programmes are in a unique position to prevent it. Research on the outcomes of perpetrator programmes has advanced in recent years, but still some challenges remain. These challenges include the absence of measures related to survivor safety and wellbeing as well as the impact on the victim. Additionally, other contextual measures, such as motivation to change or taking responsibility, are typically not included in outcome studies. The Impact Outcome Monitoring Toolkit was developed to help overcome these challenges. The participants were 444 men enrolled in a perpetrator programme and their (ex-)partners (n = 272). The results showed that all types of violence were reduced significantly in terms of both frequency and presence, as reported by both the men enrolled in the programme and their (ex-)partners. The impact of violence had been reduced for (ex-)partners, but some still suffered impacts and felt afraid. The results on the impact of violence on children and improved parenting were quite concerning. The Impact Toolkit makes it possible to measure the outcomes of perpetrator programmes in a contextualised manner and has shown promising results, supporting the inclusion of survivor-centric outcome measures.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-02
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110613
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 614: Complexities of Intergovernmental
           Relations in Water Service Provision: A Developmental Local Government
           Perspective

    • Authors: Avhavhudzani Khangale, Onkgopotse Senatla Madumo, Michel Mudikolele Tshiyoyo
      First page: 614
      Abstract: Water is a fundamental human right, and its provision is essential for the maintenance of the general quality of life. The South African government has a constitutional obligation to provide clean potable water to all citizens. This study explores the practice of cooperative government among the three spheres of government in the provision of water services to communities in South Africa. It also seeks to analyse the application of the principle of cooperative government as an effective tool for ensuring water service delivery in local government. Thus, to achieve these objectives, the study addresses two research questions: first, what are the complexities associated with intergovernmental relations in the efforts to provide water services to communities' And secondly, how could cooperative government be utilised as a mechanism for water service delivery in local government' This article begins by examining the literature on intergovernmental relations and cooperative government to provide a comprehensive understanding of the topic. A qualitative research method is applied, where interviews were conducted to determine the impact of cooperative governance on water governance. This study sheds light on the complexities associated with intergovernmental relations in the provision of water services to communities. The findings of this study recognise the need for municipalities to continuously monitor and improve their water service delivery strategies and water service delivery plans, to align with the conditions of the municipality and needs of the people. This is significant as it provides useful insights to policy makers, water service providers, and researchers in the field of intergovernmental relations and water service provision on how to address challenges associated with water service delivery within the intergovernmental relations context.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-03
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110614
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 615: A Life Course Approach on Older
           Portuguese Gay and Bisexual People: The Multifactorial Development of
           Sexual Identity

    • Authors: José Alberto Ribeiro-Gonçalves, Maria Gouveia-Pereira, Renato Gomes Carvalho, Pedro Alexandre Costa, Isabel Leal
      First page: 615
      Abstract: Research shows that successful development of sexual identity is essential for healthy and well-adjusted ageing. Gay and bisexual (GB) older people have experienced cumulative events throughout their lives that may have affected the development of their identity. In addition, the few previous studies show an alarming lack of community connectedness among older GB people in Portugal. This study assessed the factors that have contributed to the development of sexual identity in Portuguese GB older adults throughout their lives, using an inductive qualitative cross-sectional approach based on Life Course Theory. Twenty-two semi-structured interviews were carried out with older (60+ years) GB people living in the community and using the lifeline technique. The interviews were analyzed using thematic analysis with a codebook approach. Results suggest a multifactorial contribution of factors throughout the life cycle that have affected the development of GB older people’s sexual identity. These include historical–cultural factors (e.g., sexual repression and traditionalism of the dictatorship), psychosocial factors (e.g., cumulative sexual stigma), relational factors (e.g., relational clandestinity) and intrapersonal factors (e.g., concealment of sexual orientation). The existence of the Internalized Sexual Minority Disconnectedness phenomenon and its contribution to the formation of the sexual identity of older GB adults were also verified. These results reveal important clues about the development of older GB people in Portugal and the factors that may be affecting the current invisibility of these people in the social and health-related context. Relevant implications for the clinical context are also discussed.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-03
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110615
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 616: Navigating the Digital Sphere:
           Exploring Websites, Social Media, and Representation Costs—A
           European Union Case Study

    • Authors: Aritz Gorostiza-Cerviño, Álvaro Serna-Ortega, Andrea Moreno-Cabanillas, Antonio Castillo-Esparcia
      First page: 616
      Abstract: In the intricate and multifaceted landscape of the European construction process, where the development and governance of the European Union take shape through a myriad of policies, institutions, and stakeholders, this study delves into the role of lobbies affiliated with the European Transparency Register. It focuses on the relationship between the utilization of social media platforms and the representation costs among interest groups. Analysis of data from 12,430 groups, encompassing website presence, social media engagement, and declared representation costs, reveals that 97.14% of groups maintain websites, while 67.52% actively use social media platforms. Among groups disclosing representation costs, the mean is EUR 181,333, with a median of EUR 74,999. Multiple linear regression analysis uncovers a positive association between Twitter and YouTube usage and representation costs, while Facebook usage demonstrates a negative correlation. However, no statistically significant relationships are observed for Instagram, TikTok, and LinkedIn. These findings offer insights into the potential impact of social media on representation costs for interest groups.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-03
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110616
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 617: Legitimising and Delegitimising Women
           Coaches in the Golf Industry: Women Golf Professionals’ Experiences
           of Advocacy

    • Authors: Alex Mollin, Justine Allen, April Henning
      First page: 617
      Abstract: The underrepresentation of women in sport coaching continues to be recognised by researchers and some international organisations. Golf too suffers from a dramatic underrepresentation of women coaches. The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of women golf coaches and how they navigate this male-dominated coaching domain with a particular focus on experiences of advocacy. The research was designed to qualitatively capture women PGA Professionals’ lived experiences. Women PGA Professionals (N = 11) with 10–34 years of experience (M = 19.8) participated in semi-structured interviews that were structured on the four Ecological Systems Theory (EST) layers. Data were thematically analysed using the EST layers for initial categorization. From this, four themes were developed: recruitment and opportunity; on the course and in the pro shop; perceptions of women PGA Professionals; and advocacy and allies. The themes were part of two related processes: legitimisation and delegitimisation. These dual processes work to either validate women coaches—both as individuals and as a collective—or to undermine them within the profession, respectively, and operate over the four EST layers. Further, these processes are not always discreet and the two may overlap in unanticipated ways.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-04
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110617
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 618: Livelihood Changes, Spatial
           Anticontagion Policy Effects, and Structural Resilience of National Food
           Systems in a Sub-Saharan African Country Context: A Panel Machine Learning
           Approach

    • Authors: Stephen Frimpong, Harriet Frimpong, Alex Barimah Owusu, Isaac Duah Boateng, Benjamin Adjei
      First page: 618
      Abstract: The livelihood changes due to the COVID-19 policies in low-income and transitional economies serve as a lever for gauging the structural resilience of national food systems. Yet, few studies have addressed the cascading effects of the pandemic policies on the livelihood changes of farming system actors or modeled and provided coherent hypotheses about the transitory structural shifts at the micro-level. Other studies on the subject have either captured the early impacts of the pandemic on food systems with limited or no insight into the sub-Saharan African context or have used macro-level data, due to sparsely available micro-level data. These early insights are relevant for the design of early warning systems. However, an ongoing and deeper insight into the effects of pandemic policies is critical, since new and more comprehensive policies are needed to address the economic fallout and the extenuating effects of COVID-19 on food supply chain disruptions. The overriding questions are as follows: what are the effects of the pandemic policies on the livelihoods of food system actors and are there spatial-economic variations in the effects of the pandemic policies on the livelihoods of the farming system actors' Using 2019 and 2020 primary data from 836 farming system actors in Ghana, we offer fresh insights into the transitory micro-level livelihood changes caused by the COVID-19 anticontagion policies. We analyzed the data using the generalized additive, subset regression, classical linear, and logistic regression models in a machine learning framework. We show that the changes in the livelihood outcomes of the food system actors in Ghana coincide with the nature of pandemic mitigation policies adopted in the spatial units. We found that the lockdown policies had a negative and significant effect on the livelihoods of the farming system actors in the lockdown areas. The policies also negatively affected the livelihoods of the farming system actors in distant communities that shared no direct boundary with the lockdown areas. On the contrary, the lockdown policies positively affected the livelihoods of the farming system actors in the directly contiguous communities to the lockdown areas. We also document the shifts in the livelihood outcomes of the farming system actors, such as income, employment, food demand, and food security in the different spatial policy areas.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-06
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110618
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 619: Powerful Knowledge as a Conceptual
           Frame for Teaching Controversial Issues in Ethics and Values Education in
           Social Studies Subjects

    • Authors: Olof Franck
      First page: 619
      Abstract: Much has recently been written about how teaching on “controversial issues” may be designed and developed in accordance with various pedagogical and didactic guidelines and based on a democratic ethos. In this article, I develop an analysis of the theoretical prerequisites for a tenable and solid teaching on controversial ethical issues in social-studies subjects. With reference to Diana Hess’s research, which identifies four pedagogical strategies in teaching on controversial issues in a general sense, I critically examine how these strategies can be conceived in a context where ethics and values education are taught in school. I make a claim for the importance of exploring an ethical meta-language for the establishment of a theoretical framework, defined with regard to the concept of powerful knowledge, where teachers may find support for teaching on controversial ethical issues. This claim is supported by a critical discussion of Michael Hand’s well-known defence of the “epistemic criterion”.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-08
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110619
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 620: Citizen Science in Biomedicine:
           Attitudes, Motivation, and Concerns of the General Public and Scientists
           in Latvia

    • Authors: Alise Svandere, Signe Mežinska, Jekaterina Kaleja, Normunds Kante, Raitis Peculis, Olesja Rogoza, Vita Rovite
      First page: 620
      Abstract: Citizen science is research carried out by citizens in cooperation with scientists based on scientifically developed methods. Citizen science makes science accessible to the public and promotes public trust. Since there is scarce evidence about attitudes toward citizen science in the field of biomedicine, we aimed to evaluate the attitudes, motivations, and concerns of the Latvian general population and scientists from the biomedical research field toward citizen science research projects. We developed a survey that consisted of seven different citizen science research project examples (vignettes) and circulated it among the Latvian general population and researchers online, collecting quantitative and qualitative data. In total 314 individuals from the general population and 49 researchers filled in the survey. After the analysis was performed, we concluded that the general population and biomedical scientists in Latvia have different expectations toward citizen science. The results showed that while the general public is more interested in individual and societal benefits and concerned with specific participation aspects like filming, photographing, or co-funding, the scientists see the biggest potential contribution to their project in aspects of additional data collection and potential financial support, and are concerned about data quality, potential legal issues, and additional coordination communication that would be needed.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-08
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110620
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 621: What Do Pupils Learn from Voting
           Advice Applications in Civic Education Classes' Effects of a Digital
           Intervention Using Voting Advice Applications on Students’ Political
           Dispositions

    • Authors: Thomas Waldvogel, Monika Oberle, Johanna Leunig
      First page: 621
      Abstract: To what extent does the use of Voting Advice Applications in (digital) civic education classes at school impact students’ political knowledge, attitudes, motivations and behavioral dispositions toward elections' This article provides answers to this question by presenting a sample analysis of the responses of 1189 pupils who participated in a digital civic education intervention, with the German Voting Advice Application Wahl-O-Mat at its core, whose usage was embedded in an elaborated didactical concept in civic education classes. Using a quasi-experimental field design with pre- and post-tests, the study shows that the intervention substantially improves students’ knowledge of the investigated state election. Furthermore, we can trace a significant increase in young people’s political efficacy and specific interest in the election campaign. Finally, we observe a substantial increase in intended electoral participation, especially among those adolescents whose intention to participate in elections was low prior to the intervention, which contributes to a reduction in existing participation gaps. In particular, we identify changes in motivational and cognitive political dispositions, but only to a limited extent evaluative and sociodemographic background variables, as key factors driving the intervention-induced change in willingness to participate in the state election. Our paper concludes by discussing the limitations of the study and its implications for empirical research and practice in civic education.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-08
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110621
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 622: Cognitive Support Technology for
           People with Intellectual Disabilities: Factors for Successful
           Implementation

    • Authors: Michiel de Looze, Ellen Wilschut, Reinier Könemann, Kim Kranenborg, Harry De Boer
      First page: 622
      Abstract: In Europe, large numbers of people with disabilities are willing to work but have problems finding a job. One of the barriers to this is job complexity, particularly for those with low education, low IQ, or cognitive impairments. Digital technologies might help. Specifically, cognitive support technology (CST) has the potential to make jobs less complex and thus more accessible. CST may concern step-by-step digital instructions presented with monitors, tablets, smart phones, beamer projections, or near-eye displays. Based on cross-case evaluations, we aimed to define the success factors in the process of technology selection, development, and implementation. Four cases, situated at public social firms which offer jobs to people with disabilities, were selected. In each case, the optimal form of CST was selected. A qualitative analysis of subjective experiences of work accessibility, performance, usability, and acceptance was applied. The results were positive for most participants in most cases. Once installed, the CST was successful in simplifying jobs. A proportion of the workforce for which a specific job had been considered too complex was able to perform that job when supported by CST. Moreover, a majority of people judged the usability of the technology positively. For the consecutive steps of selection, development, and implementation, we ended up with eleven factors of success; these included, among others, shared and transparent decision making (in technology selection), the iterative and active involvement of workers to optimally adjust work instructions (in technology development), and explicit attention for psychosocial barriers (in technology implementation).
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-08
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110622
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 623: Sentiment Analysis on Twitter-Based
           Teleworking in a Post-Pandemic COVID-19 Context

    • Authors: Joan Sebastián Rojas Rincón, Andrés Ricardo Riveros Tarazona, Andrés Mauricio Mejía Martínez, Julio César Acosta-Prado
      First page: 623
      Abstract: The implementation of the telework model has become popular globally due to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, this new model of work organization generates conflicting opinions regarding the positive and negative effects that its implementation can bring to organizations. In this study, sentiment analysis of Twitter-based teleworking in a post-pandemic COVID-19 context was conducted. A set of Twitter conversations is examined by applying text mining and opinion analysis techniques. The results show the prevalence of positive sentiments regarding telework. In addition, opinions are generally associated with confidence, anticipation, and joy. According to the results, it is recommended to consider telework as an opportunity to improve worker well-being. However, it is important to consider some factors, such as the sector to which the company belongs, the characteristics of the job, and the working conditions.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-08
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110623
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 624: Fragile Solace: Navigating toward
           Wellbeing in ISIS-Occupied Mosul in 2014–2017

    • Authors: Esko Nummenmaa, Thaer Allaw
      First page: 624
      Abstract: Populations in conflict contexts often live for extended periods of time in displacement or under occupation. Both have profound consequences for navigating daily wellbeing. Drawing on narrative interviews (n = 8) with participants who lived through the ISIS (Islamic State) occupation of Mosul in 2014–2017, we seek to highlight narratives of wellbeing- and illbeing-emerging from their experiences. Our case study suggests that multiple persistent threats forced a renegotiation of ways to sustain key elements of wellbeing. Our findings suggest that intentionally propagated distrust led to reduced interaction, while insecurity and fear diminished personal freedoms, causing recurring shocks requiring constant adaptation. Decreasing the size of the core social unit helped families manage risks and resources when facing existential threats, while the diversification of interpersonal and communal relations created space for moments of normalcy. Choices made in order to stay safe and sane under such exceptional circumstances include complex relational choices, such as breaking familial ties with loved ones. Our research expands on the positive and negative impacts of relations on wellbeing and deepens our understanding of how wellbeing is navigated in contexts of forced departure—environments from which people often flee to seek refuge elsewhere.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-09
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110624
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 625: How Layers of Context and Material
           Deprivation Impact Reemployment in Stable or Casual Work

    • Authors: John Rodwell, Rebecca L. Flower
      First page: 625
      Abstract: Reemployment for those who are unemployed is both economically and socially important but may be constrained because of the person’s context. The current study investigates key socioeconomic, structural, and individual factors that may impact the likelihood of reemployment for unemployed working age adults over the period of a year. Reemployment is further separated in terms of stability and security by delineating casual versus non-casual reemployment. A multinomial regression analysis of an Australian dataset (n = 375 adults who reported no limitation to their ability to gain employment) found that economic constraints played a substantial role and that the context issues act differently by employment type if reemployed. The results highlight the importance of socio-structural issues, reflecting resource asymmetry. Supportive neighborhoods and material deprivation set the scene, while education enables the pursuit of more stable and secure employment opportunities.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-09
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110625
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 626: Financial Literacy as a Key to
           Entrepreneurship Education: A Multi-Case Study Exploring Diversity and
           Inclusion

    • Authors: Adriana Medina-Vidal, Mariana Buenestado-Fernández, José Martín Molina-Espinosa
      First page: 626
      Abstract: This article presents the results of the financial literacy assessment of young Mexican students between the ages of 17 and 24 enrolled in public and private institutions in five Mexican cities. This study’s objective was to approach the financial knowledge, behaviors, and attitudes of young Mexicans through focus groups and questionnaires to identify their perceptions of complex thinking and its use for financial products and services. The most relevant findings suggest that (a) most of the young participants in the study use banking services through their parents, (b) there are significant gender differences in financial knowledge and behaviors, (c) critical thinking significantly and positively correlates with financial behaviors and attitudes, and (d) the level of critical thinking predicts financial behavior. There is a need to develop women’s critical thinking to discern between the financial behavior they socially imitate and their capabilities to become more involved in financial issues, thus decreasing the gender gap.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-10
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110626
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 627: Gender Bias in the Australian
           Construction Industry: Women’s Experience in Trades and Semi-Skilled
           Roles

    • Authors: Sarah Holdsworth, Michelle Turner, Orana Sandri
      First page: 627
      Abstract: While most industry sectors in the Australian workforce have consistently improved regarding the participation of women, the construction industry remains an exception. Despite multiple gender equality initiatives and regulations at all levels of the Australian Government, the proportion of women employed in the construction industry has steadily declined. In 2020, only 1% of the trades and technician positions in the Australian construction industry were filled by women. In this qualitative study, interviews were undertaken with 43 women working in trades and semi-skilled roles to identify the varying types of gender biases experienced by women and the resultant harms that these biases create. Biases consisted of challenges to credibility; characteristics of the work environment comprising support, amenities, conditions of employment, career development, and access to meaningful work; gender stereotypes about women’s work roles; and objectification. Each of these biases has a cumulative impact on women, leading to systemic and structural discrimination. The implications and suggestions for strategies to address biases are discussed, including the need for structural interventions to create epistemic justice and recognition for women working in construction.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-10
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110627
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 628: “The Only Thing We Have to Fear
           Is Fear Itself”: Predicting College Students’ Voting Behavior
           Using the Extended Parallel Process Model

    • Authors: Anthony J. Roberto, L. D. Mattson, Paige A. Von Feldt, Xin Zhou
      First page: 628
      Abstract: This longitudinal study examines how well the EPPM predicts and explains college students’ voting behavior. One-hundred-and-seventy-eight undergraduate students filled out a survey at two points in time: (1) four weeks before and (2) one week after the 2022 midterm election. As hypothesized, the EPPM accurately predicted danger control outcomes (i.e., severity, susceptibility, self-efficacy, and response efficacy predicted voting intentions, and voting intentions predicted voting behavior). The EPPM also predicted one fear control outcome (though only the path between severity and fear was significant). More specifically, the EPPM explained 45.7% of the variance in intention, 81.7% of the variance in behavior, 77% of the variance in contesting, and 33.6% of the variance in suppression.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-10
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110628
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 629: A Quantitative Study on the Factors
           Influencing Implementation of Cybersecurity Laws and Regulations in
           Pakistan

    • Authors: Syed Asad Abbas Bokhari
      First page: 629
      Abstract: The phenomenon of law implementation has received limited attention, despite the clear evidence that it is influenced by various factors prevalent in the country, and these factors can have an impact on and obstruct the effective implementation of legislation. The primary objective of this study was to analyze the critical factors that impact the implementation of cybersecurity laws in developing nations, such as Pakistan. The prevalence of corruption, a major hindrance to the implementation of cybersecurity laws and regulations, emerged as the most influential factor in Pakistan. Additionally, factors such as discrimination, illicit conduct, expertise, ambiguity, and public confidence significantly influenced the implementation of cybersecurity laws in Pakistan. A survey was conducted among managers from banking and IT firms to collect data samples on the factors that could potentially impact the implementation of the law. The findings from a sample of 172 respondents revealed that corruption, discrimination, illicit conduct, and ambiguity appeared to have a significant negative influence on cybersecurity law implementation, whereas expertise and public confidence emerged to have a significant positive influence on the implementation of cybersecurity laws in Pakistan. This study suggests that the government of Pakistan should consider various measures such as providing training, improving capacity building, fostering institutional cooperation, strengthening legislative conviction, and promoting global collaborations to enhance the implementation of cybersecurity.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-10
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110629
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 630: Tailor-Made Development Pathways: A
           Framework to Enhance Active Participation of Youth in Agriculture

    • Authors: Primrose Madende, Johannes I. F. Henning, Henry Jordaan
      First page: 630
      Abstract: The development of youth to actively engage in agriculture could address the persistent youth unemployment problem. For youth to actively engage in agriculture, adequate access to key productive resources is necessary. The main aim of this article is to develop and validate tailor-made development pathways based on the characteristics of four youth typologies, addressing the constrained access to key livelihood capitals, and to enhance the participation of youth in agriculture. The pathways are developed based on the Modified Sustainable Livelihood Framework (MSLF), which includes six livelihood capitals, namely, physical, natural, social, financial, human and psychological capitals. Four pathways were developed and named Business-oriented, Gender-oriented, Occupation-oriented and Livestock-oriented. Through focus group discussions, the pathways were validated to determine whether they can be used successfully to facilitate the participation of youths in agriculture. The results confirm that tailor-made development pathways can be used to develop youth characterised by the typology that informed that pathway, to actively engage in agriculture. The implementation of support strategies to support youth in agriculture, should therefore, be guided by the specific needs of different typologies. This allows for the coordination and coherence of youth support initiatives to enhance access to resources, which can yield improvements to desired development outcomes compared to initiatives implemented as piecemeals.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-13
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110630
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 631: Changing the Story: The Evaluation of
           a Leadership Development Programme for Vulnerable and Deaf Youth in South
           Africa

    • Authors: Kirsty Bastable, Paul Cooke, Lou Harvey, Victoria Olarte, Daleen Casteleijn, Shakila Dada
      First page: 631
      Abstract: Vulnerable youth and youth with disabilities are at great risk of not having their rights met. In addition, they face challenges with regard to empowerment and participation in their own lives. Youth development programmes frequently focus primarily on the individual skills of the youth. However, reviews have indicated that for youth to be able to drive change, additional opportunities at community and broader society levels are required. This project sought to evaluate the changes facilitated by the Changing the Story—Leadership Development Programme as implemented in the Youth Accountability and Deaf Inclusion in South Africa project, for both vulnerable and Deaf youth. A longitudinal Q-sort methodology was used to measure the youths’ changes in perceptions. The results provided evidence of significant change following the programme, including increases in perceptions of empowerment within the community. Furthermore, although vulnerable and Deaf youth began the programme with differing perceptions of self, community and society, these perceptions were more aligned after completion of the programme. The results and challenges experienced using a longitudinal Q-sort methodology are presented and discussed. Recommendations and limitations are also highlighted.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-13
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110631
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 632: The More-Than-Human Life of
           Capitalism: Assemblages, Affects and the Neoliberal Black Hole

    • Authors: Nick J. Fox
      First page: 632
      Abstract: This paper applies a more-than-human, relational, new materialist ontology to ask the Deleuzian question: what does capitalism actually do' The transactions identified in Marx’s Capital are re-analysed as more-than-human assemblages, constituted by affective flows involving both human and non-human matter. The paper then identifies further more-than-human affects that produce the fluctuations in prices and quantities of goods sold, described in classical economics as the ‘laws of supply and demand’. Analysis reveals these affects to be associated with the affective and relational capacities of commodities. The consequences of this more-than-human ontology of capitalism are explored by means of a short case study of the digital economy. This demonstrates how more-than-human affects are responsible for many of the negative consequences of a capitalist economy, including uncertainty, waste and social inequalities. The paper suggests that capitalism is progressively becoming a ‘black hole’ from which neither workers nor capitalist enterprises can escape, and draws conclusions that diverge radically from both neoliberal and Marxist analyses of capitalism.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-15
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110632
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 633: Mothering a Child with Autism
           Spectrum Disorder during the COVID-19 Outbreak

    • Authors: Mizyed Hyassat, Nawaf Al-Zyoud, Mu’tasem Al-Masa’deh
      First page: 633
      Abstract: (1) Background: The lockdown that was forced by the Jordanian government as part of the attempt to contain the COVID-19 outbreak included extreme measures such as home confinement and the shutting down of schools’ special education centers. This study explores the experiences of mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) during this significant life disturbance. (2) Methods: Eleven mothers of children with ASD took part in semi-structured telephone interviews, which were transcribed verbatim and underwent thematic analysis. (3) Results: The analysis was conducted in an iterative consensus-building process to identify mothers’ experiences, concerns, challenges, coping strategies, and perceived needs during the lockdown. The main themes that emerged from the analysis were maternal stress, maternal fears, and maternal hopes. Our findings indicate that the COVID-19 outbreak greatly affected the family lives of the mothers interviewed, which required them to optimize their coping strategies and resilience. (4) Conclusions: The mothers faced significant difficulties during the pandemic and there is an urgent need to support them on multiple levels. Additionally, our findings reveal the need for more research that takes Jordan’s cultural context into account when determining how best to support children with ASD and their parents.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-15
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110633
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 634: Households’ Willingness to Pay
           for Renewable Energy Alternatives in Thailand

    • Authors: Surasak Jotaworn, Vilas Nitivattananon, Ornuma Teparakul, Thanakom Wongboontham, Masahiro Sugiyama, Masako Numata, Daniel del Barrio Alvarez
      First page: 634
      Abstract: While the problems about the environmental effects of traditional energy use are growing, Thailand has a rapid response by increasing its renewable energy (RE) policy. Even though Thailand has seen rapid growth in RE, it has been focusing on supporting the producers and not considering the users. In addition, there were few studies on RE receivers in Thailand. To reach sustainable growth and increase the empirical study, this research aims to analyze the socio-economy, electric consumption behavior, attitude, opinions, and cognition of households in Bangkok Metropolitan to willingly pay for RE alternatives in Thailand. A questionnaire survey was carried out for 250 households covering six administrative districts, selected through multistage and stratified sampling techniques. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and conditional logit regression. It is found that the overall household in Bangkok still unchanged the status of electricity production based on the findings of socio-economy, behavior, and psychological factors. Considering to pay for RE alternatives, households are willing to pay (WTP) for solar energy at the highest level among other types, and biomass is the least willing to pay when the RE share is expected to reach 40%. These results are relevant for the planning of RE in the metropolitan region and the methodology applicable to other regions for extending RE opportunities to the national level.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-15
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110634
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 635: Digital Séance: Fabricated
           Encounters with the Dead

    • Authors: Doron Altaratz, Tal Morse
      First page: 635
      Abstract: Digital afterlife is becoming increasingly possible due to advancements in VR, deepfake, and AI technologies. The use of computational photography for mourning and commemoration has been re-integrated into practices of remembrance, farewell, continuity, and disengagement. Two case studies, the Shoah Foundation’s Dimensions in Testimony and the TV production Meeting You, are analyzed to explore these new possibilities. We show how photography’s new affordances enable interaction while maintaining its essence as a representation of reality and argue that this socio-technological transformation habituates contemporary practices of mourning and commemoration, adjusting images to serve the individual needs and interests of the bereaved and the community.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-16
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110635
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 636: This Is Bullshit: The Relationship
           between Organizational Bullshitting and Employee Job Satisfaction

    • Authors: Mahmoud Fallatah
      First page: 636
      Abstract: Bullshitting is a term that has been introduced lately in the literature to describe the practice of communicating with no grounding in truth. This study examines the relationship between organizational bullshit and employee job satisfaction. Using a sample of 261 employees from five organizations in Saudi Arabia, this study finds that employees are more likely to be dissatisfied when their organizations have no regard for the truth in making their decisions, and specifically, when their direct supervisor is bullshitting. This study contributes to the emerging literature on organizational bullshit and offers practical implications as well as suggestions for future research.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-17
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110636
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 637: Suicide Research with Refugee
           Communities: The Case for a Qualitative, Sociocultural, and Creative
           Approach

    • Authors: Caroline Lenette
      First page: 637
      Abstract: People from refugee backgrounds experience distinctively complex situations pre- and post-resettlement and are at heightened risks of suicide. The bulk of research on refugee suicide and suicidal ideation is based on diagnostic perspectives, biomedical approaches, and quantitative measures. To explore lived experience of suicide among refugee communities in more depth, this review highlights the need for qualitative, creative methods and a different paradigm to conceptualise suicide research from a social and cultural perspective as an alternative to framing and treating suicidality purely as a mental health issue. Situational and lived experience-based knowledge can significantly expand understandings of how to curb the rise in suicidal ideation and reduce suicide risks among refugees. In this context, creative research methods can be excellent tools to uncover the deeply contextual dimensions of suicidality. When interdisciplinary research explores subjective and sociocultural meanings attached to suicidal ideation, there is a greater potential to develop culturally safe supports, which are models attuned to cultural norms as determined by those most affected by lived experience of an issue or problem. Qualitative suicide research using creative methods and grounded in sociocultural knowledge can address the multidimensional and situational factors affecting refugee communities to improve interventions beyond medical framings.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-17
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110637
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 638: Cuba: The Last Destination of the
           Republic of Korea’s Nordpolitik'

    • Authors: Giwoong Jung
      First page: 638
      Abstract: This article analyzes the possibility of normalizing diplomatic relations between the Republic of Korea (ROK) and the Republic of Cuba (Cuba). It poses two main questions: Why does the ROK desire to normalize diplomatic relations with Cuba' Can diplomatic normalization be achieved, and if so, what policy measures are necessary to make it happen' To answer these questions, the article explores the ROK’s previous efforts and assesses the current state of bilateral relations between the ROK and Cuba. The strong relationship between the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) and Cuba is pointed out as an essential obstacle, and the article examines what policy actions could be taken to overcome it. Finally, the article draws on previous experiences and cases of Nordpolitik (Northern Policy) to suggest a direction for the ROK’s foreign policy toward normalizing diplomatic relations with Cuba.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-19
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110638
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 639: Factors Affecting Job-Loss Anxiety:
           The Influence of Decent Work Policies and Corporate Sustainability in a
           Case Study of Economic Crises

    • Authors: Askar Nailevich Mustafin, Galina Nikolaevna Tuguskina, Ivana Kravčáková Vozárová, Rastislav Kotulič
      First page: 639
      Abstract: This study examined the factors affecting the fear of job loss, which is characteristic of various phases of an economic crisis. We used a representative sample of data from the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey-Higher School of Economics for 2007, 2009, 2013, 2015, 2019, and 2021. It was assumed that the factors that determine the level of layoff anxiety are dynamic. The current economic conditions caused by both the COVID-19 pandemic and the growing prerequisites of a new economic crisis in Russia have promoted increased interest in this area. Method: Binary choice models were estimated using the maximum likelihood method with the calculation of average marginal effects. State ownership in the capital of an organization, a high income, job satisfaction, good qualifications, and a positive assessment of one’s health reduce layoff anxiety. The fear of job loss was found to peak at 45 years of age. The factors associated with job insecurity can be permanent or temporary, depending on the phase of the economic cycle. The conclusions of this study may be of interest to the management of organizations interested in increasing the efficiency of labor and production.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-19
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110639
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 640: Refugee and Immigrant Youth Leaders:
           Strengths, Futurity, and Commitment to Community

    • Authors: Jane Pak, Jyoti Gurung, Amy Argenal
      First page: 640
      Abstract: This study explored the Youth Leadership/Peer Tutoring program at Refugee and Immigrant Transitions (RIT), a community-based non-profit organization in Northern California. It includes 12 semi-structured interviews with refugee and immigrant youth leaders. Bringing together works on Community Cultural Wealth (with the addition of Migration Capital) and Critical Refugee Studies collectively as a conceptual framework, this study highlights three themes: (a) commitment to community, family, and giving back; (b) encouraging communication and cultivating a pan-newcomer community; and (c) leadership as commitment to community and positive, collective futurities. Data support a strengths-based framework when working with refugee and immigrant youth as they transition and adjust to their new school environments and communities. All 12 participants were refugee and immigrant newcomer youth who participated as youth leaders/peer tutors in RIT’s Youth Leaders/Peer Tutoring program. Countries of origin included Burma (Karen), Bhutan, Nepal, China, and El Salvador. As scholars and practitioners in the field, we are seeing an increased need and demand for more scholarship in this area through a strengths-based lens, as evidenced by calls from educators and school/district administrators requesting support and resources. We submit this article at a time of growing numbers of immigrant and refugee youth in schools in the United States, including non-diverse school environments that are unprepared (and sometimes unwilling) to receive newcomer youth. Our hope is for this study to reveal possibilities for extending welcome and mutual support through a strengths-based lens within diverse newcomer peer learning environments.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-20
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110640
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 641: Contributions of a
           “Brazilianized” Radical Behaviorist Theory of Subjectivity to
           the Feminist Debate on Women

    • Authors: Carolina Laurenti
      First page: 641
      Abstract: An essentialist view of gender and an individualistic concept of subjectivity have distanced psychological theories from emancipatory feminist projects. In Brazil, similar to some other psychological orientations, the behavior-analytic field has sought an interface with feminism. The anti-essentialist vein of radical behaviorism underpins the early movement toward feminism. This essay aims to expand the area of contact with feminism through a theoretical proposal for understanding women’s subjectivity inspired by Brazilian behavior-analytic literature. From a contextualized, multidimensional, pluralized, and politicized view of subjectivity, women’s subjectivation is forged in a tripartite complex of body, person, and “self”, whose relative unity is susceptible to changes and conflicts. In a patriarchal, racist, and cis-heteronormative society, such as the Brazilian one, subjectivation is also an oppressive process. Nevertheless, the essay demonstrates that women’s subjectivation can be a process of emancipatory liberation. This possibility is glimpsed within a virtuous dialectical circuit between disruptive verbal communities (uncommitted to institutional, hierarchical, and oppressive social control) and subversive subjectivities. Thus, behavior-analytic psychology has theoretical tools to situate the process of women’s subjectivation not as a locus of depoliticization but as a crucial ally in constructing a more equitable and just society, as envisioned by feminism.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-11-20
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12110641
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 572: Advancing Sustainable Bio-Waste
           Management through Law and Policy: How Co-Creation Can Help Pursue Fair
           Environmental Public Policies in the European Context

    • Authors: Mendes, Rocha, Aragão
      First page: 572
      Abstract: Alongside production and consumption, bio-waste management is central to the food systems debate. To achieve sustainable food systems—an essential component of the Sustainable Development Goals and the world they envision—public authorities must address the shortage of current bio-waste-management policies and strive towards a new paradigm of bio-waste management, where environmental justice primarily informs policy design and decision making. In order to achieve fair environmental policies, particularly in the context of food systems and bio-waste management, it is essential to understand what drives public policy in these matters. In the present review, we seek to contribute by closing a gap in the literature by proposing a set of bio-waste-management drivers in the European context. Moreover, we focus on the “policy and legislation” driver, hoping to examine its main components and understand both their limitations and the opportunities they provide. Finally, we explore the role that co-creation can play as a facilitator of a public-governance paradigm that promotes sustainable development.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-12
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12100572
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 573: Learning about What' Non-Confessional
           Religious Education after the Dissolution of the Binary Categories
           ‘Religion’ and ‘Secular’

    • Authors: Peder Thalén
      First page: 573
      Abstract: The binary division between ‘religion’ and ‘secular’ as an analytical tool has long been criticised within the research field of ‘critical religion’ in religious studies. There has also been a parallel critique in the academic discussion about post-secularity. Recently, sociologists have picked up and deepened this criticism, as expressed in Mitsutoshi Horii’s book ‘Religion’ and ‘Secular’ Categories in Sociology: Decolonizing the Modern Myth (2021). Based on a critical processing of Horii’s application to sociology, the aim of this article is to discuss the challenges for non-confessional religious education (RE) that the ongoing dismantling of this binary division entails. In particular, it looks at how a non-confessional RE could be designed that transcends the binary division and how powerful knowledge could be understood in a non-binary context.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-13
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12100573
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 574: Building Bridges, Forging New
           Frontiers: Meaning-Making in Action

    • Authors: Pninit Russo-Netzer
      First page: 574
      Abstract: The need to experience life as meaningful is fundamental to human nature. Recent years have witnessed a growing sophistication in assessing meaning in life (MIL) and new conceptualizations regarding its place within general models of well-being and coping. As part of this surge in research, increased attention has been given to the understanding, assessment, and practice of MIL in numerous arenas and contexts. However, despite these advancements, further knowledge is needed to explore the application of meaning interventions across more diverse contexts and non-clinical populations in the general community. The purpose of the present paper is to expand the existing knowledge on meaning-oriented interventions by introducing a community-based initiative that is directly responsive to this need. This includes describing its approach to meaning-making on multiple fronts: (1) Socratic Questions in the Public Sphere; (2) the Tribe Intergenerational Life Stories Project; (3) Literature, Arts, and Museums as Meaning-Making Sites; and (4) Education for Meaning. Each of these initiatives is described to propose more context-sensitive interventions that are applicable to everyday life in general society.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-13
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12100574
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 575: “You Don’t Want to Be
           Perceived as Wild and Unruly”: How Ethnic Minority Women Experience
           and Negotiate Their Autonomy within Honor-Related Contexts

    • Authors: Menal Ahmad
      First page: 575
      Abstract: Within honor-related contexts, women’s appearances, actions, and life choices are closely tied to the honor of the entire family. As a result, women who opt to deviate from prevailing feminine honor codes are subject to violence as a means of restoring the family’s good name. Based on the life stories of fourteen Dutch ethnic minority women who deviated from feminine honor codes, this study investigates how women experience their autonomy as a process within their social context. Rather than analyzing this process through a binary conception of autonomy (i.e., agency/coercion), this study highlights women’s experiences through a relational approach to autonomy. In doing so, this study uncovers three overarching themes: (1) honor codes are enforced implicitly through expectations surrounding the role of “the honorable daughter/wife”, and explicitly through a shared religious and/or ethnic identity, (2) women detach themselves from honor codes either by strategically renegotiating honor codes or after experiencing a turning point that triggers an immediate process towards detachment from honor codes, and (3) women’s decision-making processes are accompanied with health concerns caused by lingering guilt, social shame, and isolation.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-16
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12100575
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 576: Culturally Respectful and Competent
           Practice: What It Looks Like for Organisations Providing Services to
           Migrant Youth within the Illawarra Region of New South Wales, Australia

    • Authors: Rugare Mugumbate, Imatakopate Gina
      First page: 576
      Abstract: The question of culturally respectful and competent practice is important for human services, particularly in Australia, which is characterised by a highly culturally diverse population as a result of migration. On arrival in Australia, migrants start using local services which they anticipate to be appropriate to their culture, situations and aspirations. This study explored what culturally respectful and competent practice looks like for organisations working with migrant youth in the Illawarra region of the state of New South Wales using in-depth interviews and focus groups. Although our focus was youth, responses were more broad to reflect the day-to-day roles of participants. From the responses, themes that came out included awareness of own culture as a practitioner and understanding the cultures of service users; paying attention to service user views of the dominant culture; employing staff from refugee and migrant communities; interpreter services; supporting practitioners in addressing agency limitations; and use of a strengths-based approach. What is central to these themes is capacitating human resources with cultural knowledge and a tendency towards prioritising service users’ interpretation of their culture and addressing the disadvantage and injustice that arise from cultural differences. For the organisations, a key barrier to achieving this is inadequate financial resources. In view of these findings, we conclude that, in relation to the topic and organisations we investigated, culturally respectful and competent practice means embedding service user cultural interpretations and priorities in organisational employment practices, staff skilling and service delivery in order to achieve the best and sustainable cultural, social and economic settlement outcomes.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-18
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12100576
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 577: Is the Coming Out of an LGBTQIA+
           Child a Death-like Event for Italian Parents'

    • Authors: Nicola Biancotto, Gianmarco Biancalani, Lucia Ronconi, Ines Testoni
      First page: 577
      Abstract: Parents of LGBTQIA+ individuals often report experiencing an affective state similar to grief after their children’s coming out. The current study explores whether this experience resembles that of people who have recently lost someone close. Furthermore, we tested whether the parents’ alexythimic traits are associated with their grief-like experience. In a sample of 194 parents who experienced their children’s coming out, we administered the Integration of Stressful Life Events Scale (ISLES), the Social Meaning In Life Events Scale (SMILES), and the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20). The results showed no significant differences in the mean scores of ISLES and SMILES between the present and bereaved samples by their creators. In addition, in the present sample, lower ISLES and SMILES scores were associated with higher alexithymic traits. Overall, these findings suggest a resemblance between the experience of parents following their children’s coming out and that of bereaved individuals. Therefore, they could inform on how to assist parents in coming to terms with the coming out of an LGBTQIA+ child.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-18
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12100577
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 578: Knowing and the Known: A
           Philosophical and Pedagogical Critique on the Concept of ‘Powerful
           Knowledge’

    • Authors: Siebren Miedema
      First page: 578
      Abstract: It is remarkable how the popularity of the concept of ‘powerful knowledge’ has increased during the last decade in academic circles and among politicians, too. This is especially the case when the issue of the place and function of knowledge in the curriculum is addressed. A strong impetus for the increased attention paid to this concept of knowledge came from the writings of Michael Young and Johan Muller. Based on his own critical-hermeneutical-pragmatist-and-(neo-)Vygotskian-inspired philosophy of education and philosophy of science as his ‘Vorverständnis’ (Gadamer), but also based on the recent criticism articulated by the philosophers of education John White and Ingrid Carlgren and educational theorist Gert Biesta, the author shows the philosophical, pedagogical and didactical inadequacy of this concept. The author is criticizing the philosophical and pedagogical presuppositions of Young and Muller’s stance in propagating their core concept of ‘powerful knowledge’ as it is grounded in a social realist view and the way this concept has been used in educational studies by others. It is the author’s conviction that the concept of ‘powerful knowledge’ and the underlying social realist paradigm are incompatible and even incommensurable (in a Kuhnian sense of the terms) with sociocultural and pragmatist paradigms. It is, in his view, theoretically and conceptually confusing when authors who work along the lines of these paradigms are trying to complement these with the concept of ‘powerful knowledge’ along the lines of social realism as outlined by Young and Muller. Let us stick to knowing and the known as a theoretical conceptualization of ‘knowledge’.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-18
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12100578
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 579: Socio-Labour Inclusion of Low-Income
           Women in the Digital Economy: A Comparison between Corporate and
           Cooperative Domestic Work Platforms

    • Authors: Denise Kasparian, Agustina Súnico, Julieta Grasas, Julia Cófreces
      First page: 579
      Abstract: It is often argued that digital labour platforms entail an expansion of opportunities for women for several reasons. They facilitate the balance between paid work and household chores as a result of time flexibility, they eliminate entry and permanence barriers for typically male work sectors, they enable economic independence, and they favour the creation of professional networks. Several studies, however, have shown that the wage gap, the sexual division of labour, occupational segregation, and gender stereotypes still persist. Hence, to what extent do the new forms of labour mediated by digital platforms lead to an expansion of opportunities for women' This article analyses the socio-labour inclusion of low-income women in digital labour platforms by contrasting the model of corporate platforms against the emerging alternative of platform cooperatives. The movement of platform cooperativism advocates for the creation of platform companies based on democratic ownership and governance models that reduce inequalities in a broad sense. The methodological approach is based on the comparison of two platforms: Zolvers, which was founded in 2013 with headquarters in Argentina and which operates as an intermediary or marketplace between those who offer and those who require home cleaning services, and Up & Go, which was founded in 2017 in New York and is owned by six worker cooperatives that use the platform to offer various services on demand, particularly home cleaning services. Whereas Zolvers offers job opportunities with possibilities of formalisation but no guarantee of stability, Up & Go is owned and managed by worker cooperatives that seek to guarantee living wages for their worker-members. Concerning working conditions, Zolvers reproduces power asymmetries of domestic work, subordinating workers to the platform and the hirers. On the contrary, Up & Go empowers women workers to decide on their schedules and hirers, among other issues. Finally, whereas Zolvers does not enable the participation of workers either in governance or in technology design, the cooperative nature of Up & Go promotes their involvement.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-19
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12100579
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 580: Korean American Mothers’
           Experiences of the Transition from School into Adulthood for Their Child
           with Disabilities

    • Authors: Kyeong-Hwa Kim, Hyunsoo Kwon
      First page: 580
      Abstract: In order to better understand how Korean American students with disabilities go through transitions and how education and services can more effectively target them, this study was designed to examine Korean American parents’ perceptions of transition experiences for their child with disabilities through collecting qualitative data. To achieve the purposes of the research, 9 mothers of Korean American young adults with disabilities aged 18–25 were interviewed. Overall, five themes emerged from the qualitative analysis: the importance and shortcomings of a transition program for students with disabilities aged 18–21, use of an ethnic informal organization, mothers’ readiness for the future, professionals’ negative attitudes, and transition planning. The findings were discussed to enhance the involvement of Korean American parents in the development of a long-range plan that will affect the postschool outcomes of their children with disabilities.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-19
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12100580
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 581: Sowing the Seeds of Commons in
           Education: Three Case Studies from the Horizon Project 2020 SMOOTH

    • Authors: Yannis Pechtelidis, Ioannis Kozaris, Stelios Pantazidis, Angeliki Botonaki
      First page: 581
      Abstract: This paper explores how educational commons, in which education and learning are shaped by the members of the educational community in terms of equality, freedom, and creative participation, contribute to addressing inequalities, empowering democracy, and enhancing inclusion. The discussion focuses on the crucial debate around public formal education and the potential for radical democratisation it offers through three case studies carried out in formal and non-formal educational settings in Thessaloniki, Greece. The research was conducted in three different types of education centres: a public kindergarten, a self-organised autonomous libertarian educational community, and an after-school programme of a primary school where Workshops for Nurturing and Developing Environmental Resilience (WONDER) were implemented by the environmental organisation Mamagea. Through patterns of commoning practices, like peer governance, co-creation of knowledge, and peer learning, the case studies aimed to establish the prerequisites for the co-creation of a community that offers pupils and students, teachers, and educators the chance for self-formation and equal participation. The article makes the case that educational hierarchies and governance models can be reconfigured in order to incorporate the democratic values of solidarity, equality, self-organisation, and self-formation even in structures that are still tailored to formal schooling. The article argues that educational commons can make a decisive contribution to tackling inequalities, and the commons logic can grow effectively in school education under specific conditions. The pedagogical practice is shifted in educational commons in ways that balance out contemporary enclosures based on several inequalities.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-22
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12100581
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 582: Important Perspectives and Concepts
           to Teach in Ethics Education

    • Authors: Annika Lilja
      First page: 582
      Abstract: In the field of ethics, which is a part of the subject religious education (RE) in Sweden, there is still insufficient research related to powerful knowledge. The aim of this article is to contribute knowledge to the field by examining what teachers see as important perspectives and concepts in ethics education. To fulfil this aim, eight teachers in Swedish compulsory schools have been interviewed about central perspectives and concepts related to their teaching in ethics. The results show that the interviewed teachers emphasize three perspectives which concern: (1) society locally and globally, (2) different ethical dilemmas and (3) the students’ experiences in school and at home. The teachers also believe that certain concepts are needed for students to understand what a democratic society means, to succeed in subsequent stages of education and to understand their own lives. The teachers’ descriptions of what they view as important perspectives and concepts relate to knowledge that has power and potential for social justice. They want to prepare and engage their students in relation to questions that they may face both now and in their futures.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-22
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12100582
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 583: Reconsidering the Empirical
           Measurement of Trust towards Unknown Others

    • Authors: Ákos Bodor, Zoltán Grünhut, Dávid Erát, Márk Hegedüs
      First page: 583
      Abstract: Trust towards unknown others is a fundamental issue in trust research. Actually, it can be said that this problematization is a generative source for the whole scientific framing of trust, regardless of its specific perspective, whether it is a psychological, situational, institutional or structural-cultural interpretation. This means that the notion of ‘generalized trust’ is definitely a core concept and a reference point for all research agendas in the field of trust studies. However, this status of the notion is heavily criticized both from a theoretical and empirical point of view. The current paper tries to contribute to these academic discourses by proposing an extended reading of the concept of trust towards unknown others. By doing this, the paper suggests that the focus cannot be only on the aspect of how one perceives others’ trustworthiness, which is measured by the so-called ‘standard trust variable’; it should also be considered how the given agent relates herself/himself to other people’s otherness. Therefore, the argument simply claims that trusting people in general means being open to others’ otherness. If this link cannot be explored, then trust in unknown others is constrained and limited. Using data obtained from the last two rounds of the European Social Survey, the paper presents a 31-country-based comparative statistical analysis realized on both macro- and micro-levels in order to find out whether the above-described theoretical linkage is verifiable or not.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-23
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12100583
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • Social Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 584: Revisioning Fitness through a
           Relational Community of Practice: Conditions of Possibility for Access
           Intimacies and Body-Becoming Pedagogies through Art Making

    • Authors: Meredith Bessey, K. Aly Bailey, Kayla Besse, Carla Rice, Salima Punjani, Tara-Leigh F. McHugh
      First page: 584
      Abstract: ReVisioning Fitness is a research project and community of practice (CoP) working to reconceptualize “fitness” through a radical embrace of difference (e.g., trans, non-binary, queer, Black, people of colour, disabled, and/or fat, thick/thicc, curvy, plus sized), and a careful theorising of inclusion and access. Our collaborative and arts-based work mounts collective resistance against the dominant power relations that preclude bodymind differences within so-called “fitness” spaces. In this work, we build queer, crip, and thick/thicc alliances by centring relational and difference-affirming approaches to fitness, fostering a radical CoP that supports dissent to be voiced, access intimacies to form, and capacitating effects of body-becoming pedagogies to be set in motion. In this article, we consider how conditions of possibility both co-created and inherited by researchers, collaborators, and the research context itself contributed to what unfolded in our project and art making (multimedia storytelling). By a radical CoP, we mean that we mobilise a more relational and difference-affirming notion of CoP than others have described, which often has involved the reification of sameness and the stabilisation of hierarchies. Further, we call on leaders in fitness organisations to open conditions of possibility in their spaces to allow for alternative futures of fitness that centre difference.
      Citation: Social Sciences
      PubDate: 2023-10-23
      DOI: 10.3390/socsci12100584
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 10 (2023)
       
 
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