Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1664 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (22 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (262 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (30 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (16 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (90 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (56 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (953 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (44 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (175 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (953 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
A contrario     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AAS Open Research     Open Access  
Abant Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Acta Humana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actes de la Journée des Sciences et Savoirs     Open Access  
Adelphi series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 151)
Administrative Theory & Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Arts, Social Sciences and Education Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
África     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Afrika Focus     Open Access  
Ágora : revista de divulgação científica     Open Access  
Akademik Hassasiyetler     Open Access  
AKADEMOS     Open Access  
Al-Mabsut : Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial     Open Access  
AL-Qadissiya Magzine for Human Sciences     Open Access  
Aleph : UCLA Undergraduate Research Journal for the Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aletheia : Revista de Desarrollo Humano, Educativo y Social Contemporáneo     Open Access  
Algarrobo-MEL     Open Access  
Alinteri Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Alliage     Free  
Ambigua : Revista de Investigaciones sobre Género y Estudios Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Anais Eletrônicos do Congresso Epistemologias do Sul     Open Access  
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales de la Universidad de Chile     Open Access  
Análisis     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Andamios. Revista de Investigacion Social     Open Access  
Anduli : Revista Andaluza de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Ankara Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ankara University SBF Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Humanities and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Apuntes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arbejdspapirer : Professionshøjskolen Metropol     Open Access  
Arbetsliv i omvandling     Open Access  
Arbor     Open Access  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Argumentos : Revista do Departamento de Ciências Sociais da Unimontes     Open Access  
Argumentos. Revista de crítica social     Open Access  
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription  
ArtefaCToS : Revista de estudios sobre la ciencia y la tecnología     Open Access  
Articulo - Journal of Urban Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Population Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Quality of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences     Open Access  
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Astrolabio, Nueva Época     Open Access  
Atatürk Dergisi     Open Access  
Atatürk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Aurum Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Population Studies     Open Access  
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies     Open Access  
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BARATARIA. Revista Castellano-Manchega de Ciencias sociales     Open Access  
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Behavioural Sciences Undergraduate Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berkeley Undergraduate Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Bhakti Persada : Jurnal Aplikasi IPTEKS     Open Access  
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Bildhaan : An International Journal of Somali Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Black Sea Journal of Public and Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Black Women, Gender & Families     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Bodhi : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Body Image     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Borderlands Journal : Culture, Politics, Law and Earth     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brain and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BU Academic Review     Open Access  
Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Búsqueda     Open Access  
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Ciências Sociais Aplicadas     Open Access  
Cadernos de Estudos Sociais     Open Access  
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access  
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
California Journal of Politics and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cambio : Rivista sulle Trasformazioni Sociali     Open Access  
Caminho Aberto : Revista de Extensão do IFSC     Open Access  
Campos en Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Educational and Social Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Caradde : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
Carbon Capture Science & Technology     Open Access  
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Castalia : Revista de Psicología de la Academia     Open Access  
Catalan Social Sciences Review     Open Access  
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chandrakasem Rajabhat University Journal of Graduate School     Open Access  
Changing Societies & Personalities     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Children & Young People Now     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
China Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Journal of Social Science and Management     Open Access  
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cidadania em Ação : Revista de Extensão e Cultura: Notícias     Open Access  
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciência ET Praxis     Open Access  
Ciencia y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access  
Ciencia, Técnica y Mainstreaming Social     Open Access  
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciências Sociais Unisinos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Sociales y Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Sociales y Religión/Ciências Sociais e Religião     Open Access  
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Científic@ : Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access  
Circular Economy and Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access  
Civilizar Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Colección Académica de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Community Empowerment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Compendium     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal  
Comuni@cción     Open Access  
ConCiencia     Open Access  
Connections     Open Access  
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
CONTRA : RELATOS desde el Sur     Open Access  
Contribuciones desde Coatepec     Open Access  
Convergencia     Open Access  
Cooperativismo y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Critical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
CTheory     Open Access  
Cultura Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultura y Representaciones Sociales     Open Access  
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culturas. Revista de Gestión Cultural     Open Access  
Culture Scope     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Social Sciences     Open Access  
Cywilizacja i Polityka     Open Access  
Dalat University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Debats. Revista de cultura, poder i societat     Open Access  
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Derecho y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desafios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desde El Sur     Open Access  
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Didáctica de las Ciencias Experimentales y Sociales     Open Access  
DIFI Family Research and Proceedings     Open Access  
Digital Geography and Society     Open Access  
Dinamisia : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
Discourse & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Discursos del Sur, revista de teoría crítica en Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Divulgatio : Perfiles Académicos de Posgrado     Open Access  
Doxa Comunicación : Revista interdisciplinar de estudios de Comunicación y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Demographic Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.235
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 14  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 1435-9871
Published by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Stability and outcome of interracial cohabitation before and after
           transitions to marriage (by Kate Choi, Rachel Goldberg, Patrick Denice)

    • Abstract: BACKGROUND
      Barriers to intermarriage are more formidable than barriers to interracial cohabitation. Relative to same-race couples, a higher share of interracial couples cohabits with their nonmarital partners. This raises the question: Does the social significance of cohabitation differ for interracial and same-race couples'
      OBJECTIVE
      We compared the stability and outcome of first cohabitations prior to any marriage and the association between premarital cohabitation and subsequent marriage by couples’ joint race/ethnicity.
      METHODS
      Using data from the 2002 and 2006–2019 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), we estimated discrete-time event history models to predict differences in the stability of cohabitations and subsequent marriages by couples’ joint race/ethnicity.
      RESULTS
      The stability and outcomes of White–Black cohabitations were similar to those of same-race Black cohabitations, whereas the stability of White–Hispanic cohabitations fell in between those of their same-race White and Hispanic counterparts. Premarital cohabitation was generally positively associated with higher odds of marital dissolution, but it was negatively associated with the odds of marital dissolution for White–Black couples.

      PubDate: Wed, 18 May 2022 00:00:00
       
  • Preparing local area population forecasts using a bi-regional
           cohort-component model without the need for local migration data (by Tom
           Wilson)

    • Abstract: BACKGROUND
      Cohort-component models incorporating directional migration are conceptually robust demographic models which are widely employed to forecast the populations of large subnational regions. However, they are difficult to apply at the local area scale. Simpler models, such as the Hamilton–Perry model, have modest input data requirements and are much quicker, cheaper, and easier to implement, but they offer less output detail, suffer from some conceptual and practical limitations, and can be less accurate.
      OBJECTIVE
      The aim of this paper is to describe and evaluate the synthetic migration cohort-component model – an approach to implementing the bi-regional model for local area population forecasts without the need for any locally specific migration data.
      METHODS
      The new approach is evaluated by creating several sets of ‘forecasts’ for local areas of Australia over past periods. For comparison, forecasts from two types of Hamilton–Perry model are also evaluated. Error is measured primarily with an alternative Absolute Percentage Error measure for total population which takes into account how well or poorly the population age–sex structure is forecast.
      RESULTS
      In the evaluation for Australian local areas, the synthetic migration model generated more accurate forecasts that the two Hamilton–Perry models in terms of median, mean, and 90th percentile Absolute Percentage Errors.

      PubDate: Tue, 17 May 2022 00:00:00
       
  • The contribution of smoking-attributable mortality to differences in
           mortality and life expectancy among US African-American and white adults,
           2000–2019 (by Brian L. Rostron, Cindy M. Chang, Brittny C. Davis Lynn,
           Chunfeng Ren, Esther Salazar, Bridget K. Ambrose)

    • Abstract: BACKGROUND
      The role of smoking in racial disparities in mortality and life expectancy in the United States has been examined previously, but up-to-date estimates are generally unavailable, even though smoking prevalence has declined in recent decades.
      OBJECTIVE
      We estimate the contribution of smoking-attributable mortality to observed differences in mortality and life expectancy for US African-American and white adults from 2000–2019.
      METHODS
      The indirect Preston–Glei–Wilmoth method was used with national vital statistics and population data and nationally representative never-smoker lung cancer death rates to estimate the smoking-attributable fraction (SAF) of deaths in the United States by sex-race group from 2000–2019. Mortality rates without smoking-attributable mortality were used to estimate life expectancy at age 50 (e_50) by group during the period.
      RESULTS
      African-American men had the highest estimated SAF during the period, beginning at 26.4% (95% CI:25.0%–27.8%) in 2000 and ending at 12.1% (95% CI:11.4%–12.8%) in 2019. The proportion of the difference in e_50 for white and African-American men that was due to smoking decreased from 27.7% to 14.8%. For African-American and white women, the estimated differences in e_50 without smoking-attributable mortality were similar to observed differences.
      CONCLUSIONS
      Smoking continues to contribute to racial disparities in mortality and life expectancy among men in the United States.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 May 2022 00:00:00
       
  • “One hand does not bring up a child:” Child fostering among single
           mothers in Nairobi slums (by Cassandra Cotton, Shelley Clark, Sangeetha
           Madhavan)

    • Abstract: BACKGROUND
      Childrearing in sub-Saharan Africa is often viewed as collaborative, where children benefit from support from kin. For single mothers living in informal settlements, kin networks may be highly dispersed and offer little day-to-day childrearing support, but may provide opportunities for child fostering.
      OBJECTIVE
      Our study uses a linked lives approach, where single mothers’ connections with kin and romantic partners may influence whether – and what type of – kin are relied on to support child fostering.
      METHODS
      We leverage an innovative survey on the kin networks of 404 single mothers and 741 children, collected in 2016, and 41 in-depth interviews conducted in 2011 and 2013, to explore fostering among single mothers in Korogocho and Viwandani, two slums in Nairobi, Kenya.
      RESULTS
      Quantitative findings show 6.2% of single mothers’ children are fostered, with provision of emotional support associated with lower likelihood of fostering. Both quantitative and qualitative results reflect strong reliance on maternal kin. Maternal kin play a key role in fostering to protect children, to fulfill traditional lineage obligations, and due to their willingness to foster when others will not.

      PubDate: Wed, 11 May 2022 00:00:00
       
  • Fertility among better-off women in sub-Saharan Africa: Nearing late
           transition levels across the region (by Jamaica Corker, Clémentine
           Rossier, Lonkila Moussa Zan)

    • Abstract: BACKGROUND
      While overall fertility across Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is still high, fertility rates have been declining among educated and wealthier women in many countries since the 1970s. It is not clear whether, five decades later, consistently lower fertility among better-off women represents a distinct fertility regime among this subpopulation.
      OBJECTIVE
      To determine whether advantaged women (the best educated or wealthiest) in contemporary SSA have fertility characteristic of late (total fertility rate [TFR] 2.0–2.9) or mid-to-late (TFR 3.0–3.9) fertility transition levels.
      METHODS
      We use data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) to calculate TFR for better-off women using six educational and wealth categories in 27 countries in SSA.
      RESULTS
      Women with completed secondary education (11% of the full sample) across SSA have late (2.0–2.9) or mid-to-late (3.0–3.9) TFR in 25 out of 27 sample countries (with an average TFR of 3.2). While better-educated women in higher-fertility countries (TFR>5) have somewhat higher fertility than their counterparts in lower-fertility settings (TFR
      PubDate: Wed, 04 May 2022 00:00:00
       
  • Can status exchanges explain educational hypogamy in India' (by Koyel
           Sarkar)

    • Abstract: BACKGROUND
      In contrast to global trends in which education hypogamy occurs when a reversal in the gender gap has taken place, an increase in women’s education in India is closely followed by hypogamy, although women are still the less-educated gender. Two trends associated with this development suggest that educational hypogamy is a product of status exchange: an increase in educational hypogamy among lower-caste groups and a slow rise in caste exogamy.
      OBJECTIVE
      The primary objective of this study is to determine whether status exchanges can explain educational hypogamy in India. The initial assumptions are that educational hypogamy can be explained by the desire of women to ‘marry up’ to attain the caste of the husband and of women who belong to higher castes (who have less to gain by caste status) to ‘marry up’ to benefit from the occupation of the husband.
      METHODS
      The Indian Demographic and Health Survey 2015–2016 dataset and logistic regression models were used to address the research question. The findings suggest that the educational trade-off with social and economic exchanges is interconnected, which is affected significantly by the caste groups to which the women and their prospective husbands belong. When marrying less-educated men, the preference to rise by caste is high among lower-caste women, whereas the preference to rise by occupation is important among women belonging to higher castes.

      PubDate: Tue, 03 May 2022 00:00:00
       
  • Coping with ageing: An historical longitudinal study of internal return
           migrations later in life in the Netherlands (by Dolores Sesma Carlos,
           Michel Oris, Jan Kok)

    • Abstract: BACKGROUND
      A return migration later in life can be seen as a coping strategy to deal with care needs and other difficulties. Understanding these return migrations requires a comprehensive approach that takes previous migrant trajectories into account.
      OBJECTIVE
      This study aims to investigate how long-term migrant trajectories, other relevant life course factors, and birth cohort impacted the risk of return migration later in life in the period 1900–1994.
      METHODS
      Using longitudinal data from the Historical Sample of the Netherlands, we combine sequence analysis and continuous-time event history analysis for recurrent events to estimate the effect of migrant trajectories from birth to age 50 and other individual characteristics on the risks of older adults’ return migrations to birth/childhood and adulthood dwelling places; of short-, medium-, and long-distance returns; and of returns to rural and urban dwelling places. We also examine if these risks have changed in the 20th century Netherlands.
      RESULTS
      We identify nine distinct clusters of internal migrant trajectories based on residential municipality size. Persons with a stepwise migration trajectory are more likely to return later in life to places where they resided during adulthood. Deteriorating health status, low socioeconomic status, or having no partner are associated with a higher propensity to return to a birthplace or childhood dwelling place. However, returns to places of origin or childhood, to places of adulthood, and long-distance migrations decreased over time.

      PubDate: Tue, 26 Apr 2022 00:00:00
       
  • Slow-downs of fertility decline: When should we call it a 'fertility
           stall'' (by Michael Grimm, Isabel Günther, Kenneth Harttgen, Stephan
           Klasen)

    • Abstract: BACKGROUND
      The phenomenon of fertility stalls in Africa has recently received much attention in the literature yet hasn’t led to clear-cut conclusions.
      OBJECTIVE
      We test the robustness of past findings by comparing alternative definitions and by extending the sample to most recent years. We further propose the concept of a conditional fertility stall, identifying countries that have a relatively high level of fertility despite a relatively high level of socioeconomic development.
      METHODS
      We use aggregate and survey data from various sources, describe variation in fertility across countries, and relate differences using regression techniques to socioeconomic covariates. We use predicted residuals to identify deviations from expected levels and define these as conditional fertility stalls.
      RESULTS
      The fertility in some countries, such as Nigeria and Uganda, is too high given their level of GDP per capita, female education, and child mortality. Here noneconomic conditions seem to hold back the transition. Other countries, such as Nepal and Bangladesh, have a continuation of the transition that seems to require further economic development: In these countries, fertility is just at or even below the level that the prevailing economic conditions predict.
      CONCLUSIONS
      Our concept shows that long-lasting unconditional fertility stalls are rare and that a slowdown of the fertility transition can in many cases be explained by a stagnation in socioeconomic development. Policy recommendations should take this distinction between unconditional and conditional fertility stalls into consideration.

      PubDate: Fri, 22 Apr 2022 00:00:00
       
  • Exploring the mortality advantage of Jewish neighbourhoods in mid-19th
           century Amsterdam (by Tim Riswick, Sanne Muurling, Katalin Buzasi)

    • Abstract: BACKGROUND
      Many studies have observed that religion plays an important role in determining inequalities in mortality outcomes before the mortality decline in late 19th century Europe. Yet, it is difficult to pinpoint what exactly caused the mortality advantage observed for Jewish populations before the start of the demographic transition.
      OBJECTIVE
      To explore an alternative approach to the observed Jewish mortality advantage by comparing differences and similarities in various cause-specific mortality rates in Amsterdam’s 50 neighbourhoods in the mid-19th century.
      RESULTS
      Jewish neighbourhoods had an overall mortality advantage, which was reflected in lower infant, respiratory, diarrhoeal, and smallpox death rates. Only in the cholera epidemic did the Jewish neighbourhoods not experience this health advantage.
      CONCLUSIONS
      Before the mortality decline, individual (and community) behaviours could already have been having an important impact on inequalities in health, although not for all diseases.

      PubDate: Wed, 13 Apr 2022 00:00:00
       
  • Where does public childcare boost female labor force participation'
           Exploring geographical heterogeneity across Germany 2007–2017 (by Franz
           Neuberger, Tobias Rüttenauer, Martin Bujard)

    • Abstract: BACKGROUND
      Public childcare provision and female labor force participation (FLP) have strongly increased over the past decades in European societies. However, studies offer heterogeneous findings on the link between public childcare and FLP.
      OBJECTIVE
      We investigate the link between public childcare and FLP, using different indicators of childcare and accounting for heterogeneous time trends and regional heterogeneity.
      METHODS
      Based on a balanced panel of all German counties from 2007 to 2017, we estimate the effect of an increasing enrollment rate for children aged 0–2 and 3–5 on FLP. We compare fixed effect (FE) and fixed effect individual slope estimators (FEIS) to control for county-specific time trends. Subsequently, we compare the results across regions with different levels of urbanization.
      RESULTS
      We find that most FE results are biased due to selection on trends. Still, when accounting for selection on trends, childcare enrollment for the age group 0–2 increases FLP in West Germany and in urban areas. Furthermore, childcare enrollment for children aged 3–5 years is associated with higher FLP in West Germany, in rural and, most strongly, in metropolitan areas.
      CONCLUSIONS
      Our study highlights important heterogeneity in the general time trends of FLP and the effectiveness of childcare arrangements across different regions in Germany.

      PubDate: Thu, 07 Apr 2022 00:00:00
       
  • The ethnic wage penalty in Western European regions: Is the European
           integration model confirmed when differences within countries are
           considered' (by Stefano Cantalini, Raffaele Guetto, Nazareno
           Panichella)

    • Abstract: BACKGROUND
      The European model of integration of recent immigrants is characterised by a trade-off between employment and job quality, which takes different forms in Southern and Continental Europe. In Mediterranean countries, migrants have similar employment opportunities as natives, but they have high risks of entering the lowest strata of the occupational structure. In Continental Europe the trade-off is reversed: Migrants have lower employment opportunities, but once employed, they face a lower penalisation in terms of job quality than the one faced by immigrants living in Southern Europe.
      OBJECTIVE
      This work focuses on the regional heterogeneity of the model of inclusion of recent immigrants in the European labour markets, analysing how migrant–native gaps in wages and in the probability of (dependent) employment change across areas of the same country. Is the trade-off between employment and job quality confirmed when regional differences are considered' Are there gender differences in the models of inclusion'
      METHODS
      We used European Labour Force Survey (EU-LFS, 2009–2016) data and applied probit models with sample selection, estimated separately by region and gender.
      RESULTS
      Results show substantial regional heterogeneity in the ethnic penalties in Germany and in Southern Europe, especially in Greece and Italy. Moreover, when regional differences within countries were considered, the trade-off model of inclusion was confirmed only among men, while immigrant women’s model of inclusion turned out to be more mixed, with some European areas conforming to a ‘double-penalty’ model, whereas other areas showed patterns of immigrant disadvantage in line with an ‘integration’ model.

      PubDate: Wed, 06 Apr 2022 00:00:00
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 34.204.174.110
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-