Subjects -> HISTORY (Total: 1540 journals)
    - HISTORY (859 journals)
    - History (General) (45 journals)
    - HISTORY OF AFRICA (72 journals)
    - HISTORY OF ASIA (67 journals)
    - HISTORY OF AUSTRALASIA AREAS (10 journals)
    - HISTORY OF EUROPE (256 journals)
    - HISTORY OF THE AMERICAS (183 journals)
    - HISTORY OF THE NEAR EAST (48 journals)

HISTORY (859 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 401 - 452 of 452 Journals sorted alphabetically
International Journal of Iberian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Middle East Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
International Journal of Military History and Historiography     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Regional and Local History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Society Systems Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Sustainable Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
International Review of Social History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Interventions : International Journal of Postcolonial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Intus-Legere Historia     Open Access  
Iran and the Caucasus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Irish Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Isis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Italian Review of Legal History     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Itinerari di ricerca storica     Open Access  
Izvestia. Ural Federal University Journal. Series 2: Humanities and Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Japanese Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Jernbanehistorie     Full-text available via subscription  
Jewish Culture and History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal Asiatique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal for Early Modern Cultural Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Journal for Maritime Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal for the Study of Judaism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal for the Study of Radicalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Aging, Humanities, and the Arts: Official Journal of the Gerontological Society of America     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of American History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Journal of American Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of American-East Asian Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ancient History and Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Applied History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Arts and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Arts Management, Law, and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Australian Colonial History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Baltic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Big History     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of British Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Canadian Studies/Revue d'études canadiennes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Cognitive Historiography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Conflict Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Contemporary Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Contemporary China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Contemporary History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Journal of Coptic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Early Christian History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Early Modern History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Journal of East Asian Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Ecclesiastical History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of English and Germanic Philology (JEGP)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of European Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Family History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Global History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Historical Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Historical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Historical Pragmatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Historical Research in Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Historical Research in Music Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Historical Syntax     Open Access  
Journal of History and Future     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Holocaust Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry     Open Access  
Journal of Intelligence History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Interdisciplinary Conflict Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Interdisciplinary History of Ideas     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Israeli History: Politics, Society, Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Jewish Identities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies: Travesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Latin American Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Legal History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Medieval History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Journal of Medieval Iberian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Medieval Religious Cultures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Military History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Modern Chinese History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Modern Greek Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Modern History, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 70)
Journal of Modern Italian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Modern Russian History and Historiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Moravian History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of North African Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Pacific History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Persianate Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Policy History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Religion in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Religion in Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Russian American Studies (JRAS)     Open Access  
Journal of Scottish Historical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Semitic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Slavic Military Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Social History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Journal of Song-Yuan Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of South American Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Southeast Asian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Sport History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of the Australian Early Medieval Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Canadian Historical Association / Revue de la Société historique du Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Early Republic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of the Geological Society of India     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the History of Ideas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 134)
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of the History of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Journal of the History of Sexuality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Philosophy of History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of the Polynesian Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Tourism History     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Transatlantic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Transport History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Urban History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Journal of Victorian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Journal of War & Culture Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Western Archives     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Women's History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Journal of World History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Jurnal Candrasangkala Pendidikan Sejarah     Open Access  
Kadim     Open Access  
Kasvatus & Aika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kirchliche Zeitgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Konsthistorisk Tidskrift/Journal of Art History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Korean Journal of Medical History     Open Access  
Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Kulturstudier     Open Access  
Kunst og Kultur     Open Access  
L'Atelier du CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
L'Idomeneo     Open Access  
La corónica : A Journal of Medieval Hispanic Languages, Literatures, and Cultures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
La Révolution française     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
LaborHistórico     Open Access  
Labour: Journal of Canadian Labour Studies / Le Travail : revue d'Études Ouvrières Canadiennes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Labyrinthe     Open Access  
Lähde     Open Access  
Landbohistorisk Tidsskrift     Open Access  
Language & History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Language in Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Le Journal de la Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Le mouvement social     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Le Muséon : Revue d'Études Orientales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Leo Baeck Institute Yearbook     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ler História     Open Access  
Les Cahiers de Framespa     Open Access  
Les Cahiers des dix     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Les Livres d'e-Spania     Open Access  
Levant     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Library & Information History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 142)
Librosdelacorte.es     Open Access  
Lien social et Politiques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lietuvos istorijos studijos     Open Access  
Literature & History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Livraisons d’Histoire de l’Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Local Population Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Locus Amoenus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
London Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Los Trabajos y los Días     Open Access  
Lucentum : Anales de la Universidad de Alicante. Prehistoria, Arqueología e Historia Antigua     Open Access  
Luso-Brazilian Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Madison Historical Review     Open Access  
Management & Organizational History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Manuscrits. Revista d'història moderna     Open Access  
Matatu - Journal for African Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Material Culture Review / Revue de la culture matérielle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Materiales para la historia del deporte     Open Access  
Media History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Mediaevalia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Medicina Historica     Open Access  
Medieval Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Medieval Feminist Forum : Journal of the Society for Medieval Feminist Scholarship     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Medieval History Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Médiévales     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Mediterranean Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Memoria y Civilización     Open Access  
Memoria y Narración : Revista de estudios sobre el pasado conflictivo de sociedades y culturas contemporáneas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Memory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Middle Eastern Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Middle European Scientific Bulletin     Open Access  
Midland History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Mind & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ming Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Mobility in History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Modern & Contemporary France     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Modern China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Modern Italy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Mondo contemporaneo     Full-text available via subscription  
Monthly, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mouseion: Journal of the Classical Association of Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Mozaik Humaniora     Open Access  
Museum History Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Mythos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nations and Religions of Eurasia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Navigator     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nepalese Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Netherlands Yearbook for History of Art / Nederlands Kunsthistorisch Jaarboek Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Contemporary History
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.425
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 39  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0022-0094 - ISSN (Online) 1461-7250
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1174 journals]
  • Book Reviews: Black British History: New Perspectives by Hakim Adi

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      Authors: Katie Donington
      Pages: 823 - 825
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Volume 57, Issue 3, Page 823-825, July 2022.

      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-06-15T05:26:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221083479
      Issue No: Vol. 57, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Book Review: From Byron to bin Laden: A History of Foreign War Volunteers
           by Nir Arielli

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      Authors: Fraser Raeburn
      Pages: 825 - 827
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Volume 57, Issue 3, Page 825-827, July 2022.

      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-06-15T05:28:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221083479a
      Issue No: Vol. 57, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Book Review: Raymond Aron and Liberal Thought in the Twentieth Century by
           Iain Stewart

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      Authors: Bryan-Paul Frost
      Pages: 827 - 829
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Volume 57, Issue 3, Page 827-829, July 2022.

      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-06-15T05:28:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221083479b
      Issue No: Vol. 57, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Book Review: Today Sardines Are Not For Sale. A Street Protest in Occupied
           Paris by Paula Schwartz

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Fabrice Grenard
      Pages: 829 - 830
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Volume 57, Issue 3, Page 829-830, July 2022.

      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-06-15T05:28:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221083479c
      Issue No: Vol. 57, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Book Review: The Dope: The Real History of the Mexican Drug Trade by
           Benjamin T. Smith

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      Authors: Andrew Paxman
      Pages: 830 - 832
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Volume 57, Issue 3, Page 830-832, July 2022.

      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-06-15T05:28:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221083479d
      Issue No: Vol. 57, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Book Review: Designing One Nation: The Politics of Economic Culture and
           Trade in Divided Germany by Katrin Schreiter

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      Authors: Katarzyna Jeżowska
      Pages: 832 - 834
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Volume 57, Issue 3, Page 832-834, July 2022.

      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-06-15T05:27:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221083479e
      Issue No: Vol. 57, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Book Review: Anthony Eden, Anglo-American Relations and the 1954 Indochina
           Crisis by Kevin Ruane & Matthew Jones

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      Authors: James Ellison
      Pages: 834 - 836
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Volume 57, Issue 3, Page 834-836, July 2022.

      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-06-15T05:27:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221083479f
      Issue No: Vol. 57, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Book Review: The Media, European Integration and the Rise of
           Euro-Journalism, 1950s–1970s by Martin Herzer

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      Authors: Martin Conboy
      Pages: 836 - 837
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Volume 57, Issue 3, Page 836-837, July 2022.

      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-06-15T05:26:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221083479g
      Issue No: Vol. 57, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Book Review: Cuba and Africa 1959 – 1994: Writing an Alternative
           Atlantic History by Giulia Bonacci, Adrien Delmas and Kali Argyriadis

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      Authors: Dirk Kruijt
      Pages: 838 - 839
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Volume 57, Issue 3, Page 838-839, July 2022.

      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-06-15T05:27:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221083479h
      Issue No: Vol. 57, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • The Visual Politics of Fear: Anti-Communist Imagery in Postwar Greece

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      Authors: Alexander Kazamias
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Ahead of Print.
      From the mid-1940s to the fall of the Colonels’ Dictatorship in 1974, Greek society was defined by an official anti-communist discourse that divided it into ‘nationally-minded’ Ethnikofron citizens and left-wing ‘enemies of the nation’. The article shows how this power discourse deployed visual media to construct an emotional regime of fear around communism during and after the Greek Civil War. It uncovers a large volume of propaganda imagery, including posters, illustrations, book covers, photographs, newsreels and feature films, which was used alongside texts and corporeal practices to vilify the Greek left. The article argues that the visual language of Ethnikofrosyni patterned itself on older scripts of negative othering embedded in Greek popular culture, such as lycanthropy, teratology, witchcraft, Islamophobia and Orientalism to discredit communism without engaging with its twentieth-century ideas and policies. Communists were therefore portrayed as monsters, beasts, barbarians, Muslims, Turks, Jews and unfeminine women to arouse primordial fears that threatened the deepest symbols of Greek national identity. The article stresses the centrality and relative autonomy of images in the discourse of Ethnikofrosyni and uses comparisons to unveil the processes of circulation and domestication operating across different national strands of anti-communism in the Cold War.
      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-06-22T06:55:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221090838
       
  • Un-British No More: Torture and Interrogation by Britain in Germany,
           1945–1954

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      Authors: Artemis Joanna Photiadou
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Ahead of Print.
      Among the thousands of camps Britain operated in the twentieth century were some that gained a notorious reputation for how they treated prisoners. Such places were often seen as aberrations within their individual contexts. Their recurrence across different places and times – including in Aden, Cyprus, and Northern Ireland – nonetheless renders it difficult to dismiss them as mere anomalies. This article examines one of the first post-war camps to have attracted such attention in Allied-occupied Germany, which was closed down following an investigation into its appalling conditions. Seeking to understand how an establishment ended up departing so drastically from accepted interrogation norms, which saw torture as unproductive and un-British, it finds that prisoners were subject to a combination of neglect due to difficult circumstances and malevolence. Tracing the camp's successors, the article also finds that political considerations ensured future camps in Germany did not step out of line; nevertheless, there was a failure to ensure the same for other cases more generally and to turn this into a one-off affair for Britain. Overall, while the camp existed within a unique post-war context, its history points to conditions and structures that may serve as units of analysis for investigating similar establishments.
      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-05-31T02:19:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221087854
       
  • A Contested Pill: Transnational Controversies over Medical Abortion in
           Germany, France, and the United States

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      Authors: Claudia Roesch
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Ahead of Print.
      In 1988, French pharmaceutical company Roussel Uclaf introduced Mifepristone (RU 486), a pill which medically induces abortion, but withdrew the drug one month later after severe protests. The abortion pill caused transnational controversies from 1988 to 1993. This article examines these controversies as a gateway to the entanglements between biomedical research, economic interests, and social protests in the last third of the twentieth century, as the American antiabortion movement initiated protests against the drug's French producer and its German parent company after its market release in France. The movement used boycotts against French products and utilized discomforting references to Germany's Nazi past to put pressure on pharmaceutical executives. In contrast, German, French, and American feminists and family-planners relied on transnational networks to enable medical trials and ensure the global distribution of Mifepristone. The article highlights how feminist demands for individual choice and public health concerns clashed with the antiabortion movements’ demands and entrepreneurs’ concerns about crude Holocaust comparisons. It shows that actors on both sides of the abortion controversy employed nonmedical arguments to influence scientific research and social movements acted on a transnational level to influence the market introduction of new biomedical advances.
      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-05-16T07:06:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221099850
       
  • Development as Gender Equity: Women's Advocacy and Cancer Control at the
           Pan-American Health Organization, 1980–2000

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      Authors: Raúl Necochea López
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Ahead of Print.
      Women's advocates’ strategies to influence international health agencies offer a new way to think about development. This article deals with the vibrant growth of women's health initiatives at the Pan-American Health Organization during Latin America's financially turbulent years from the 1980s through the 1990s. The multi-faceted nature of this process was especially apparent in the case of cervical cancer, the illness that launched the organization's cancer control programs. Archived reports and interviews with former officers show how the Pan-American Health Organization's approach to women's health broadened in this period to include new actors in response to demands of women's health advocates from Latin America. These advocates advanced the position that gender inequality played a fundamental role in placing women at risk for lethal and preventable illnesses. They also challenged international health agencies such as the Pan-American Health Organization to prioritize redressing those gendered inequalities as integral to development, rather than define the latter solely in terms of the improvement of economic conditions.
      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-04-13T11:58:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094211045492
       
  • Shared Principles' German Responses to American Bioethics Since the
           1970s

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      Authors: Mathias Schütz
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Ahead of Print.
      Since its inception in the late 1960s and early 1970s, the academic discipline of bioethics has profoundly shaped the professional and public assessments of biomedicine. A universalistic approach preferred by American bioethicists and challenges posed by modern biomedicine created a transatlantic moment for ethical theories and practices. This article will discuss the transfer of bioethical knowledge from the United States to (West) Germany and highlight its immediate reception, its slow adaptation, and its belated implementation at universities, in society, and in the medical profession. Examples from academia, policy and law will provide a narrative focus for explaining the peculiar relationship between institutional ambitions, universalistic theoretical claims, and local professional routines and adjustments. In particular, the article contrasts a general openness towards ethical concepts and practices with the comparably reluctance in adopting American bioethics as it was perceived in Germany, which effectively delayed the implementation of ethics in German medicine for decades. The German responses to American bioethics provide a topical example for boundary work on an international level.
      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-04-12T08:24:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221090839
       
  • Cultural Intervention in the Spanish Civil War: A Comparative Analysis of
           Nazi and Fascist Propaganda

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      Authors: Mercedes Peñalba-Sotorrío
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Ahead of Print.
      This article analyses Fascist and Nazi propaganda during the Spanish Civil War, asking how both nations exploited the conflict and how they interacted with each other and the emerging Francoist state. In so doing, the article highlights the propagandistic value of Nazi-fascist cultural policy and sheds light on the development of the Nazi-fascist alliance. It shows how despite Italy being in many ways at the forefront of the intervention, the development of tight Nazi-falangist relations, among other factors, led to the replacement of Fascist Italy by Nazi Germany as a model for the rebirth of the nation in Spain. This, in turn, sheds light on the Nazi-fascist Alliance, showing how Italy's wide-ranging propaganda originated from a place of self-perceived weakness rather than strength. German–Italian relations were marked by a complex and non-linear dynamic of admiration and jealousy, collaboration and competition, which made itself evident in the Spanish conflict and beyond.
      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-02-01T12:38:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221074817
       
  • Burden of Proof: The Debate Surrounding Aerotoxic Syndrome

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      Authors: Stephen E. Mawdsley
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Ahead of Print.
      Since the 1980s, some commercial airline pilots and flight crews in the United States, United Kingdom and Australia began to report an illness they believed was caused by exposure to contaminated cabin air. Despite a body of scientific research and health activism calling for this condition, termed Aerotoxic Syndrome (AS), to be classified an occupational illness, it has not been accepted as a clinical entity because its causation remains contested. This article contends that debates over the recognition of AS have been shaped by the politics of science and what can be considered evidence of a causal link; the burden of proof lay with survivors and their allies rather than with airlines and manufacturers. The history of AS shows the challenges of reacting to health risks in a global industry that provides an important form of transportation, and enjoys considerable political and economic influence. It also reveals that at the heart of commercial jet air travel remains an unresolved public health issue, and those who claim to be suffering from AS expected prompt recognition, reform and assistance in light of scientific research and personal testimony, as well as a range of chemical, medical, legal and air safety reports.
      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-01-28T01:13:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221074819
       
  • Incompetence or Ingenuity' Why Did Nazi Germany Not Seek Closer
           Wartime Economic Cooperation with Italy'

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      Authors: Jonas Scherner
      First page: 553
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Ahead of Print.
      This article sheds light on why there was, and why Nazi Germany pursued, only comparatively little economic cooperation between the two most important axis partners, Italy and Germany, during the Second World War. In particular, the article looks more closely at the two countries’ cooperation in terms of raw materials, crucial to the war economy: why did Germany not deliver more raw materials to Italy and why did an underutilized Italian industry not export more manufactures to the Reich' Based on comparisons with other axis partners and occupied nations, the article argues that this was primarily the case because Italy could resist German economic pressure and, in contrast to many other countries in wartime Europe, maintained its sovereignty. Unlike Italy, these other countries readily (if not always voluntarily) financed larger bilateral German balance of payments deficits at favourable conditions and could not prevent Germany from implementing and monitoring a rigid raw material regime in their factories. Under these circumstances, greater economic cooperation with Italy seemed too costly to German officials and economic experts. Ironically, economic cooperation between the two Axis partners was so limited precisely because they were allies.
      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-05-23T05:46:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221100002
       
  • Patterns of Silence: French Witnesses of Nazi Crimes in Occupied Ukraine

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      Authors: Paula Chan
      First page: 597
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Ahead of Print.
      Literature on the Soviet treatment of the Holocaust is riddled with generalizations about a conspiracy of silence, as opposed to the sacred status the genocide came to hold in ‘the West.’ Yet what scholars have interpreted as the ‘Western’ response has been mainly limited to initiatives emerging from countries that did not experience occupation during World War II. This article examines French prisoners of war at the Rava-Russka camp in Ukraine who played vital roles in Soviet investigations of Nazi atrocities. Back home, these Frenchmen found that joining the Gaullist narrative of the war depended upon whether they could demonstrate their resistance, a revision in which recollections of crimes against Jews had no place. By analyzing how French witnesses presented their experiences differently to the Soviet and French governments and how each government manipulated these testimonies, this article argues for the need to depart from the East-West dichotomy imposed by the Cold War. Once the Soviet case is placed in a Europe-wide context, it becomes clear the USSR was not a backward outlier uniquely committed to a conspiracy of silence. On the contrary, the Holocaust had elements of a ‘usable past’ only for the Soviet Union.
      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-04-15T05:51:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221087857
       
  • A Hard Sell: The Nazi Film Ohm Krüger in Wartime France

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      Authors: Brett Bowles, Roel Vande Winkel
      First page: 621
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Ahead of Print.
      Historians of the Third Reich generally view Ohm Krüger (Hans Steinhoff, 1940), an anti-British historical drama set during the Boer War, as a triumph of Nazi propaganda, yet the film's distribution and reception in German-occupied territories have never been studied in depth. By offering a detailed comparison between the German original and a substantively reedited, French-dubbed version produced in 1941 under the title Le Président Kruger, as well as a politically and economically contextualized analysis of the film's distribution and reception in occupied and Vichy France, this article questions the persuasive power traditionally ascribed to Ohm Krüger to draw broader conclusions about the complexities of exporting Nazi propaganda to foreign markets in the volatile context of the Second World War.
      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-05-20T08:19:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221099861
       
  • ‘Appeasement Gone Mad’: The Riga Ghetto Case and the Politics of
           British War Crimes Trials

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      Authors: Samuel Miner
      First page: 669
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Ahead of Print.
      This article examines the British Foreign Office decision to abandon a British-run war crimes trial after the Second World War against suspected perpetrators of the Holocaust in Latvia and the efforts of a Holocaust survivors’ organization to seek justice. Faced with repeated inquiries from The Association of Baltic Jews in Great Britain and their parliamentary allies, the Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin repeated a lie told to him by his subordinates that Holocaust victims were imprecise in their testimony, making them unreliable witnesses and justifying the release of several suspected war criminals. Although very few German and Latvian perpetrators saw the inside of the courtroom, survivor advocacy countered the prevailing silence about the Holocaust in Eastern Europe during the Cold War.
      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-04-07T12:07:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221087856
       
  • Challenging the Argentine Melting Pot: Peronism, Hispanidad, and Cultural
           Diversity

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      Authors: Raanan Rein
      First page: 691
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Ahead of Print.
      On 12 October 1947, Argentine President, Juan Domingo Perón, used the events of the Hispanidad Day to extoll the Spanish heritage in Latin America. Within a few years, however, Perón well understood the futility of using Hispanidad as the basis of a new national consciousness for the Argentine immigrant society. Instead, he opted for a corporative mode of political representation under the aegis of the ‘organized community’. This model was designed to be of an inclusive nature and to offer space not only to different social groups, but also to the variety of ethnic and immigrant groups of Argentine society. This new concept of corporative citizenship facilitated a heightened recognition of collective rights, which manifested in the gradual integration of Argentines of Jewish, Arab, or Japanese origins in the political system, as well as that of indigenous peoples’ movements. By the early 1950s, Peronism had adopted a more inclusive perspective and began to demonstrate respect for all religions. Peronism aspired to confront the transgressions of the privileged few by protecting the rights of minorities and marginalized groups. Thus, it also challenged the traditional melting pot with its emphasis on White, European, and Christian Argentines.
      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-01-07T10:47:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094211065994
       
  • Selling ‘New’ China: Marketing and the Unmaking of a
           Semi-colonial State

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      Authors: Jason M. Kelly
      First page: 708
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Ahead of Print.
      During the 1950s and early 1960s, Chinese communist trade officials used commercial marketing not just to spur trade with foreign capitalists, but also to redefine China’s national identity in the eyes of companies, consumers, and governments outside the socialist bloc. Chinese officials sought to unmake the perception of China as a backward, ‘semi-colonial’ state and to write a narrative of China as a modern, postcolonial member of the postwar international commercial order. This article examines two persistent themes that emerged within ‘new’ China’s commercial narrative of itself. First, Chinese officials developed a story of solidarity with decolonizing states based on the theme of shared oppression at the hands of imperialist aggressors. Second, Chinese officials used commercial marketing to call for open and inclusive trade, regardless of differences in domestic political systems or ideology. By doing so, these officials wrested ‘free trade’ for China’s own use as a cudgel for attacking U.S. sanctions and as a device for framing ‘new’ China as a champion of trade rights for postcolonial states. Both themes reveal how China sought to redefine its image in the eyes of diverse audiences outside the socialist bloc through international commerce.
      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-02-07T10:09:49Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221074822
       
  • Escape From the Cold War: Planning Civilian Evacuation from
           British-Occupied Germany, 1946–55

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      Authors: Grace Huxford
      First page: 729
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Ahead of Print.
      Evacuations, imagined as well as actual, reflect national strategic preoccupations, cultural assumptions and prevailing social values; they also reveal practical strengths and weaknesses in international relationships and in states’ interactions with their own citizens, at home and abroad. But evacuations are deeply symbolically significant too and grounded in far longer, intertwined social and strategic histories. Using the remarkable case study of Operation Chivalrous, the first plan devised for the evacuation of British military families from early Cold War Germany, this article uses evacuation to throw light on the changed relationship between British citizens and the state after 1945. The plan and planning revealed not only the renewed significance of the family in the post-war world, but also the tensions in the new welfare state. But, more broadly, this article argues that Britain's Cold War planning was closely linked, both practically and symbolically, to its responses to the end of empire and the domestic aftermath of the Second World War. In unpacking the intricacies of a proposal that was never used, for a war that was never fought, this article underlines the wider historical value of unrealised plans in revealing ‘ideational contexts' and social attitudes.
      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-05-19T04:28:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221099851
       
  • Dealing with ‘Returns’: African Decolonization and
           Repatriation to Italy, 1947–70

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      Authors: Alessandra Vigo
      First page: 751
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Ahead of Print.
      The repatriation of many citizens to Italy from the former colonies, and from other Italian communities in Africa, between the Second World War and the late 1960s, had a significant impact on the country. Compatriots coming back from Africa forced Italian institutions to deal with problems of reception and resettlement and made the consequences of African decolonization evident in the peninsula. Looking at three different cases of repatriation, the return of settlers from Italian ex-colonies (Libya, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia), and the return of Italians from Tunisia and Egypt, this article aims to display the political strategies enacted by post-war Italy in order to cope with citizens returning from Africa. The comparative approach highlights the political reasons that guided the State's action during the long repatriation. Italian governments had different attitudes towards the returnees, depending on the purposes of domestic and foreign policy but also on their places of departure and the supposed more difficult assimilation of certain groups of repatriates. In this regard, the article argues that the definitive resettlement in the peninsula of the returnees from Tunisia and Egypt was especially discouraged by the institutions, which long tried to divert those flows of migration to other destinations.
      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-03-21T08:27:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221087860
       
  • Mariquitas, ‘Marvellous Race Created by God’: The Judicial Prosecution
           of Homosexuality in Francoist Andalusia, 1955–70

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      Authors: Javier Fernández Galeano
      First page: 775
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Ahead of Print.
      This article argues that the mariquita's subjectivity became a prevalent trope when individuals were prosecuted under charges of homosexuality in Franco's Spain. The mariquita was a liminal homosexual male who was expected to be family-oriented, devout, and involved in flamenco culture and Catholic festivals. I focus on judicial records to underscore the mariquita trope as a popular strategy for questioning the implementation of a stringent legal regime while demanding the social conformity of sexual minorities. The interventions of this article in the literature on nonconforming sexualities are twofold: (1) It contributes to the international scholarship by tracing the centrality of Catholicism and southern Spanish folk culture on mariquita subjectivity and social attitudes towards sexual minorities. This complicates the premise that liberalism has historically been the primary ideological frame informing sexual minorities’ resistance to repressive policies. In Spain, under a dictatorial regime, sexual minorities’ adaptative strategies and identities incorporated aspects of traditional rural femininity alongside modern forms of queer self-expression, such as drag shows in urban cabarets. (2) It contributes to the Spanish historiography, by revising the existing metrocentric research on homosexuality under Francoism and emphasizing the discrepancy between medico-legal discourses and recurring expressions of conditional toleration by rural communities.
      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-05-18T04:31:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221099858
       
  • The Aborted ICT-CITEC Agreement: Causes of the Failure of Anglo-French
           Information Technology Cooperation in 1965

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      Authors: Laureen Kuo
      First page: 802
      Abstract: Journal of Contemporary History, Ahead of Print.
      This article, using French information technology archives, is the first to describe attempted Anglo-French cooperation in information technology in 1965. This episode is often overlooked when discussing information technology cooperation cases in European countries. Moreover, the article further explores the main causes of the breakdown of negotiations. The breakdown was due to France's reversal of its position, mainly stemming from three factors: a refusal to develop large computer projects, the pall cast by the ELDO and Concorde affairs and the pursuit of an autonomous information technology industry.
      Citation: Journal of Contemporary History
      PubDate: 2022-04-07T12:07:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00220094221087859
       
 
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