Subjects -> HISTORY (Total: 1540 journals)
    - HISTORY (859 journals)
    - History (General) (45 journals)
    - HISTORY OF AFRICA (72 journals)
    - HISTORY OF ASIA (67 journals)
    - HISTORY OF EUROPE (256 journals)
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    - HISTORY OF THE NEAR EAST (48 journals)

HISTORY (859 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 801 - 452 of 452 Journals sorted by number of followers
Heritage, Memory and Conflict Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Nepalese Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Architectural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
History of Classical Scholarship     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
History of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cuadernos de Investigación Histórica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Intellectual History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cultural Heritage and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Military History and Historiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Studies in Church History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Italian Review of Legal History     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Navigator     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anales de Historia Antigua, Medieval y Moderna     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Commonwealth Essays and Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Istorie a Moldovei     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
British Journal for the History of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Culture and Modernity     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Gimbernat : Revista d’Història de la Medicina i de les Ciències de la Salut     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Opuscula : Short Texts of the Middle Ages and Renaissance     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Food History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Herança : Revista de História, Património e Cultura     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Esclavages & Post-esclavages     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
History of Retailing and Consumption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Hispania Nova. Revista de Historia Contemporánea     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue de géographie historique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Terrae Septemcastrensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Divination and Prognostication     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Territories : A Trans-Cultural Journal of Regional Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RADAR : Historiedidaktisk tidsskrift     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Historisk Tidsskrift     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Material Culture Review / Revue de la culture matérielle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mythos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Modern Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of History and Future     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actas y Comunicaciones del Instituto de Historia Antigua y Medieval     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Histoire Politique : Revue du Centre d'histoire de Sciences Po     Open Access  
Middle European Scientific Bulletin     Open Access  
Kadim     Open Access  
Emotions : History, Culture, Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of History of Science     Hybrid Journal  
Paragone : Past and Present     Full-text available via subscription  
Medicina Historica     Open Access  
Przegląd Nauk Historycznych     Open Access  
Intelligere : Revista de História Intelectual     Open Access  
Archivos de historia del movimiento obrero y la izquierda     Open Access  
Humanidades em diálogo     Open Access  
Epígrafe     Open Access  
Cadernos CERU     Open Access  
Revista de Historia Universal     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Historia del Arte     Open Access  
Passepartout     Open Access  
Jernbanehistorie     Full-text available via subscription  
Fund og Forskning     Full-text available via subscription  
Anuario del Centro de Estudios Históricos "Prof. Carlos S. A. Segreti"     Open Access  
Journal of Russian American Studies (JRAS)     Open Access  
Connexe : Questioning Post-Communist Spaces     Open Access  
Revista de Historia Industrial. Economía y Empresa     Open Access  
Pedralbes : revista d'història moderna     Open Access  
Audens : revista estudiantil d'anàlisi interdisciplinària     Open Access  
Sociología Histórica     Open Access  
Patristica et Mediævalia     Open Access  
Sasdaya : Gadjah Mada Journal of Humanities     Open Access  
Journal of Historical Syntax     Open Access  
LaborHistórico     Open Access  
Revista Mosaico : Revista de História     Open Access  
Revista Habitus : Revista do Instituto Goiano de Pré-História e Antropologia     Open Access  
SPAL : Revista de Prehistoria y Arqueología     Open Access  
Historia : Instituciones. Documentos     Open Access  
RIHC : Revista Internacional de Historia de la Comunicación     Open Access  
Bajo Guadalquivir y Mundos Atlánticos     Open Access  
Atrio : Revista de Historia del Arte     Open Access  
Sémata : Ciencias Sociais e Humanidades     Full-text available via subscription  
Ohm : Obradoiro de Historia Moderna     Full-text available via subscription  
Res Gesta     Open Access  
Revista de Historia (Concepción)     Open Access  
IKAT : The Indonesian Journal of Southeast Asian Studies     Open Access  
Studia Historyczne     Open Access  
Journal of Tourism History     Hybrid Journal  
Intercâmbio : Revue d’Études Françaises=French Studies Journal     Open Access  
História : revista da Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto     Open Access  

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Journal of History and Future
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Published by DergiPark Homepage  [183 journals]
  • Minerals In The 3rd Region Of The Eyalet Of The Archipelago (Eyālet-I
           Cezāyir-I Baḥr-I Sefīd In Ottoman Empire ) And (Capital Flowing

    • Authors: Arzu BAYKARA TAŞKAYA
      Abstract: Abstract :Eyalet of the Archipelago, one of the most important provinces of the Ottoman Empire, had sanjaks consisting of the islands of Lemnos, Mytilene, Rhodes and Chios. The minerals that we will describe, although their boundaries have changed over time, are discussed in the area covering this geography. After being operated by the state during the classical period, Ottoman minerals became the focus of attention of domestic and foreign investors from the second half of the 19th century. Many of the minerals in the province we have discussed have not yet been fully determined. We see that foreigners generally aspire to minerals on the islands opened for operation. Although the state did not find it appropriate to give the operation of the mines to foreigners; determined the conditions in the specifications and regulations and granted the mining concessions. The salterns in the sanjaks were also determined. Although the operating conditions and tax rates of the mines were determined by the state, some of the mines were not operated and the state canceled the privilege of the mines in cases where taxes were not paid. In the article, all kinds of documents reflected in the archive regarding the locations, usage areas, operating privileges, taxation, export areas of the minerals in the Eyalet of the Archipelago are explained in the traces of the documents found in the Ottoman Archives of the Presidency State Archives. In the article, the material wealth of the Ottoman Empire flowing abroad with the privileges given to foreigners in the context of mines, which was one of the basic wheels of the economy, from the sanjaks to the villages and the connected islands is also mentioned.Keywords: Eyalet of the Archipelago, Lemnos - Mytilene - Rhodes and Chios Sanjaks , Mines, Contracts, Foreign Concessions.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Austrıan Posts in the Ottoman State

    • Authors: Taner ASLAN
      Abstract: It can be said that the existence of foreign posts in the Ottoman Empire started as a result of the privileges given to Venice in the 15th century. As a result of the privileges given by the Ottoman state, the European states, which obtained the right to open mail, opened post offices in the country's important trade centers. Among the foreign mails, the most remarkable mail belonged to the Austrians. Austria, which opened post offices with various agreements, has created an important area of existence with more than 80 post offices it has opened. It had to struggle with foreign posts, which was an important problem in the Ottoman Empire, and especially with Austrian posts, which had a wide range of equipment in terms of numbers and activities. In the study, the establishment of the Austrian posts in the Ottoman lands and the struggle with these posts are emphasized.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Olive and Olive Oil Production the Democratic Party in The Period (1950
           – 1960)

    • Authors: Dilsen İNCE ERDOGAN; Banu BERBER BABALIK
      Abstract: Tarih boyunca toplumların yaşamlarında bölgesel tarım ürünlerinin büyük önem taşıdığı görülmüştür. Türkiye’de sahip olduğu coğrafi konumun etkisi ve iklim özellikleriyle zeytin ve zeytinyağı üretiminde önemli bir potansiyele sahip olmuştur. Millî Mücadele sonrası yeni devletin kurulmasında bağımsız ekonomi anlayışı benimsenmiştir. Ekonomisi tarıma dayanan Türkiye’de Cumhuriyet dönemi ile zeytin tarımına önem verilmiştir. Zeytinciliği geliştirmek ve zeytin ağacı sayısını artırmak amacıyla yeni kanun ve düzenlemeler yapılmış, modern zeytincilik kursları düzenlenmiş ve bu kurslara yurtdışından zeytincilik alanında uzman kişiler getirilmiştir. 1950’de iktidara gelen Demokrat Parti (DP)’nin ekonomi politikalarında tarım büyük öneme sahip olmuştur. Bu çalışmada DP’nin 10 yıllık iktidarında büyük önem taşıyan ekonomi politikaları içinde zeytin tarımı ele alınmıştır.1950-1960 yılları arasında Türkiye’de zeytin ve zeytinyağı üretimi, zeytinciliği geliştirmek için yapılan çalışmalar, bu çalışmaların sonuçları ve zeytin üretiminin Türkiye ekonomisine etkileri çalışmanın konusunu oluşturmaktadır. Zeytin üretimi ve üretimin ekonomiye etkilerinin sayısal verilerle desteklendiği çalışmada sayısal veriler konusunda dönemin TUİK verilerinden (Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu), Başbakanlık İstatistik Yıllıklarından, tarım ve ekonomi dergilerinden yararlanılmıştır. Ayrıca zeytin ile ilgili çıkarılan kanunlar, kanun hükmünde kararnameler ve resmi düzenlemeler ile ilgili olarak Başbakanlık Cumhuriyet Arşivi, Resmî Gazete, Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi Zabıt Ceridelerinden, Kanunlar ve Tutanak Dergilerinden yararlanılmıştır.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Reflections of the Sultan Murad V Period on the Vienna Press

    • Authors: İskender KANTEMUR
      Abstract: The reign of Sultan Murad V, more precisely, the period of his accession to the throne was coincides in a periode, where the dignitaries struggled to prevent the collapse of the state. The superiority of the European great powers and Russia was obvious and the peoples within the empire fought for their independence. The application of European thoughts, order and management models were discussed and applied. This transformation, which is required by the obligations, is a process that Austria, which is closely interested in the Balkans, also followed with interest. The communiqué known as the Andrassy Note, which was written by the Austrian Prime Minister Andrassy after the joint meetings of Germany, Russia and Austria, and asking for improvements in religion, worship and taxes of non-Muslim peoples, was given just before the reign of Sultan Murad V. The reflections of this short period on the vienna press, in which extremely active and uninterrupted events took place, will be tried to be conveyed in this article. Because almost every day and quite comprehensive news about the period of Sultan Murad V has been made, it was not possible to include all of them. However, the Depositions and the Enthronements of the Sultans and the murders of the Ministers, the Ottoman-Serbian war and the constitutional debates from the basis of my work. Since it is not possible to peruse all the newspapers in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, only Vienna-based newspapers are included. It is possible to reach the newspapers mentioned in the study in the Austrian National Library Digital Archive.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Montreux Straits Convention and its Reflections in the Armenian Press

    • Authors: Haçadur NERSESOĞLU
      Abstract: Due to their strategic importance, the Istanbul and Dardanelles Straits have been regions that many states wanted to dominate throughout history. Especially XVIII. The fact that Russia was a great power in the Black Sea in the 19th century began to pose a threat to both the Ottoman Empire and the European States. This process, called the Straits Problem, continued until the Treaty of Lausanne. With the Treaty of Lausanne, it was decided that the passage through the Straits would be free, both sides of the straits would be demilitarized and the passage of the straits would be managed by an international commission. However, Turkey, worried about the activities that Italy might carry out in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Balkans, took action to abolish the provision of demilitarization of the straits in the Treaty of Lausanne and brought this issue to the agenda for the first time at the London Disarmament Conference held in May 1933. During this period, Italy's attack on Abyssinia and Germany's placement of troops in the Rhine region in violation of the Versailles Treaty led Turkey to give a note to the countries participating in the Lausanne Conference on April 11, 1936. After the events, negotiations started in Montreux, Switzerland, and the Montreux Straits Convention was signed on 20 July 1936. With the said contract, Turkey gained full control over the Straits and the free passage of civilian ships in peacetime was guaranteed. In addition, Turkey has gained the right to control and regulate the passage of warships in the Istanbul and Dardanelles Straits. Thus, future problems are prevented. As a matter of fact, with the attack of Russia on Ukraine on February 24, 2022, a difficult process began in this region extending to the Black Sea coast. Russia's move brought the situation of the straits, namely the 1936 Montreux Straits Convention, to the agenda again. The study aims to convey the importance of the Montreux Straits Convention and the attitude of the Armenian media at the time the contract was signed. Armenian newspapers and magazines published in Turkey and abroad will be included in the study. Columns and news written in these newspapers will be examined.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Sancak of Menteşe during the National Struggle in the Light of Telegrams
           which were sent to the Turkish Grand Nationalasembly

    • Authors: Bayram AKÇA; Seher AKÇA
      Abstract: In this paper, the Italian occupation of the coastal districts of Muğla Province on May 11, 1919; the Greek occupation of İzmir on May 15, 1919, and the reactions in Muğla Province on this situation; e the establishment of Kuva-yı Milliye Organizations against the Italian and Greek occupations in Muğla-Central and in its affiliated districts Fethiye, Köyceğiz, Marmaris, Milas and Bodrum Districts; The place of Muğla in the 1st and 2nd Nazilli Congresses; the place of the Muğla Kuva-yı Milliye Organization in the Aydın Wars,; the decision of the Ankara Government to switch to the regular army and the establishment of the army; congratulatory and support telegram sent to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey by Milas district on 25 January 1921 upon the 1st İnönü Victory of the regular army on the Western Front; Congratulatory and donation telegrams sent from Milas District to the Turkish Grand National Assembly on 9 April 1921 after the 2nd İnönü victory; support and congratulatory telegrams sent to the Turkish Grand National Assembly from Muğla-Central, Marmaris and Fethiye Districts on 22 August 1921 after the Sakarya War was won; The congratulatory telegram sent from after the war Muğla on September 24, 1921 to Mustafa Kemal Pasha after the Grand National Assembly of Turkey awarded him the Order of Müşirlik and Gazi; the congratulatory telegram sent from Marmaris to the Chief Commander on August 29, 1921, on the liberation of Afyon after the Great Offensive; and the congratulatory telegram sent to the Grand National Assembly on July 10, 1923 from Milas by Halil Menteşe, the Former Deputy Speaker of the Parliament in Istanbul, shall be discussed.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • An Investigation of a Determined Statistic About the Rushdiye Schools
           Existing in the Ottoman State Between 1889-1890

    • Authors: Metin MENEKŞE
      Abstract: The innovation movements that started to be seen in the Ottoman State since the 18th century were developed with the radical reforms carried out during the reigns of Sultan Selim III (1789-1807) and Sultan Mahmud II (1808-1839). These innovation movements reached an important level in the axis of modernization with the declaration of the Tanzimat Edict dated November 3, 1839, which was declared during the reign of Sultan Abdülmecid (1839-1861). While primary education was made compulsory during the reign of Sultan 2nd Mahmud, Rushdiye Schools were opened to train civil servants for state levels and to fill the gap between primary (sıbyân) and military schools. The first boys' Rushdiye School was opened in Istanbul in 1847, and then Rushdiye schools were tried to be opened in the provincials. After a while, the number of Rushdiye schools increased with the opening of the girls' Rushdiyes and the inclusion of Christian children in the Rushdiye schools. Finally, rushdiyes, continued their official status until 1913, were opened in almost every corner of the empire and played an important role in the spread of modern education.In this study, a statistics of the years 1889-1890 are emphasized. In this statistic, which was determined in the Ottoman Archives, the distribution of their to administrative units and numbers of the rushdiyes, which were available throughout the country in the years 1889-1890, are given in detail. Rushdiye schools, which provide education in Istanbul and the provincials, were evaluated separately as girls' and boys' schools. This statistic was thought to be important in order to see the all numbers of Rushdiye Schools in 1889-1890 and to determine how many Rushdiye Schools students were active in which administrative unit, and it was tried to be evaluated in this study.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Professions of Muslim Men in the Hacıkoy District According to the
           Population Register dated 1845-1846

    • Authors: Havva ÇELİK; Songül KEÇECİ KURT
      Abstract: In the history of humanity, the individual has made many efforts in order to maintain his/her life according to the geographical conditions, opportunities and socio-cultural characteristics of the society in which he/she is located. In general, some of these occupations have been shaped according to human and animal power, manual labor and especially the needs of the society. Over time, the expressions we call occupation or work have turned into the concept of profession. Today, a profession is defined as a job based on knowledge and skills with a planned method, obtained with a certain education, producing useful goods for people, providing services in exchange for material gain. However, in the historical process it is also seen that there is a system in the form of exchange along with the expression of making money, which differs in some ways. Profession is a concept that has existed in the past and present, and will continue to exist in the future. Therefore, it has become mandatory to have information about professions in terms of evaluating societies in a socio-economic context. In the first population censuses conducted in the Ottoman Empire, there is also information about the professions performed. In this study, the professions performed in the region in the middle of the 19th century were tried to determine through the Muslim population book numbered 2198 in the fund of the Ottoman Archive Population Books of the Presidential State Archives belonging to the Hacıköy Kazâ of the Amasya Sanjak of the Sivas Province. This notebook belonging to the year 1845-1846, which constitutes the main source of the study, covers the population records of 4 neighborhoods and 6 villages of Hacıköy. Apart from a few professions that cannot be read, it has been seen that there are 66 different types of professions in these neighborhoods and villages. In the same period, it is seen that there was a significant equality compared to the professions performed by the Muslims in the Ottoman country. Through these professions, information about the economic and social situation of Hacıköy can also be obtained.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Islahiye District in the Ottoman Provincial Yearbooks from its
           Establishment to the Early 20th Century (1865-1902)

    • Authors: Osman KARLANGIÇ
      Abstract: In the civil administration, the place under the administration of the district governor is called a kaza(district). Islahiye District was established in 1865 on historical routes that connected countries in ancient times. This new district emerged as a result of the resettlement activities of the Fırka-i Islahiye. While it was affiliated to the Maraş Sanjak since its establishment, it was included in the borders of the newly established Cebel-i Bereket Sanjak in 1879. This change in administrative structure is due to security concerns. The district used to have two districts and two sub-districts. In 1868, the number of neighborhoods increased to three and the number of sub-districts to six. Its neighborhoods are Delikanlu, Çelikanlı and Çerkes. Its districts are Okçu İzzeddinlü, Şıhlar, Keferdiz, Karayiğitli, Delikanlu and Çelikhanlı. The village names of İslahiye District can also be determined from the yearbooks. Over time, the number of villages increased from 60 to 68. The names of state institutions and employees in İslahiye are also included in the provincial yearbooks.The mountainous parts of İslahiye are covered with forests and the flat areas are a wide plain. There was a river called Karasu in the district, a leech lake in Keller (Fevzipaşa), and a hot spring in the Karayiğitli township. Barracks, mosques, schools, shops, mills, bakeries and coffeehouses were built in the newly created district. In the mentioned settlement, the Muslim population is around 97% and the rate of non-Muslims is less than 3%. Although the tribes of Fırka-i Islahiye were settled, it is understood that the tribes of Delikanlu and Çelikanlı in İslahiye had difficulties in adopting a settled life. The state tried to tie them to the land with permanent residences. There were shrines of Muslim people in the town. Especially the tomb of Hz Ukkaşe, who is a companion, is important. Carpets, rugs, prayer rugs, sackcloth, timber, oil and tar produced in Islahiye District were sold to the surrounding cities. The tribes kept a large number of cattle. Various cereals were grown in Islahiye, which has a fertile plain. However, agricultural production could not be reached to the desired point. Rice, wheat, barley etc. products could only meet local needs. The leech extracted from the small lake in Keller was sold in the surrounding cities.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • On Ancient Turkish Culture and Civilization: Surviving in the Steppe

    • Authors: Ayten AKCAN
      Abstract: Geography is a great gift for humanity and for this reason, mankind has had the opportunity to develop in various fields. Considering that the Turks have lived in very different geographies since the first day they emerged, this diversity of places belongs to the ancient Turks; It has affected their lifestyles, lifestyles, forming a certain worldview, social structures, in short, their culture and civilization. For this reason, in the historical and cultural studies about the ancient Turks; It would be appropriate to put forward the "steppe" issue, to know and comprehend how the steppe culture was formed by mixing with history and how this geography gave objectivity to the Turkish people living in the steppe, and then to understand Turkish culture and civilization. Of course, while working in the field of old Turkish history and culture, it is necessary to move away from the understanding that it is sufficient to only consider the steppe when talking about the settlements. I believe that it would be more appropriate to conduct a study with this title and content, since the great states that were established were mainly established in the steppe. For this reason, the general character and also the aim of the study is to reveal how the ancient Turks, who started their life adventures in this geography called the steppe, came into existence in the steppe, and how long they lived here by displaying superior success against the natural environment in this vast, flat land. At the same time, this study emphasizes the importance of determining that an integral part of the formation of these structures is the geography they live in, in order to be able to determine the political, economic and social structure of the Turkish communities living in the steppe in the pre-Islamic period. In this article, by making some evaluations on the old Turkish culture and civilization, it will be tried to make important explanations by touching on the general characteristics of the ancient Turks in the pre-Islamic steppe.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Occupation of Muş in the Context of Russia's Eastern
           Anatolia Policy

    • Authors: Elçin NECİYEV
      Abstract: The tension between Russia and the Ottoman State has been going on for a long time. At the time of this tension, both states had also set various strategies against each other, military and politically. The basis of the strategy was to weaken the other side economically, military and strategically. As a matter of fact, XIX. By the 20th century, Russia had engaged its political side, mobilized ethnic structures that would cause unrest within the Ottoman State, so it wanted to break the power of the Ottoman State. He tried to lure the political and war-path regions into the region where they would have acquired the ethnic structures by recognizing some concessions, and began attempts to weaken the Ottoman with the rioting of these ethnic structures. Russia has implemented this policy in the Eastern Anatolian region, and is politically motivated to achieve its precedent. As a matter of fact, these initiatives have come to an end, I. After the beginning of World War II, Armenians who have lived in peace with Ottoman subjects for centuries have moved to Russia's side, and have started to slaughter against the Muslim people in the Ottoman lands. One of the scariest of these massacres was in Mus. With the beginning of the war, the geographical proximity was also given by the Russians, who provoked the Armenians here against the Muslim people, and used them to commit a massacre. With Russia's support, Armenians have brokered religious schools to awaken national feelings and bring Armenian subjects to face Muslim people. So, the Armenians, who were strengthened by these support, increased the dosage of pressure on Mus and the surrounding locals, tried to overwhelm the Muslim people through the massacres and make massacres.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • An Evaluation on the Founder Role of the Seljuk Bey

    • Authors: Hüseyin Erkan BEDİRHANOĞLU
      Abstract: AbstractThe Turks lived in Central Asia in different tribes. Different Turkish tribes migrated to many geographical areas. These migrations occurred before and after Islam. The Turks established a strong administrative structure in the regions they migrated and expanded their sovereignty areas. One of the Turkish tribes who migrated was the Seljuks they belonged to the Kınık tribe. Seljuks have an important place in Turkish history. The Seljuks, who emerged strongly on the stage of history in the first half of the 11th century, played an important role in the formation of Turkish-Islamic culture. They have become a subject of interest for history because of these importance. In this respect, Seljuk Bey, the ancestor of the Seljuks, has attracted the attention of historians. This study is about Seljuk Bey a general assessment. In this sense, firstly, the homeland of the Oghuz Turks, the tribe to whom the Seljuks belong, will be examined. The history of the Oghuzes will be examined briefly. Then the name, identity, children and grandchildren of Seljuk Bey will be discussed. Finally, the rise of the Seljuks to the stage of history will be examined. In this study, modern literature has been utilized. With this study, some researches in this direction created by modern studies will be evaluated.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Hanry Martiny Rifeles in The Army of The Ottoman Empire

    • Authors: Abdullah BAYINDIR
      Abstract: It is obvious that recently, the Ottoman empire has been working hard about the military reclamation, specially attached importance to infantry soldiers training. In that time the term’s conditions made it needful to modernise the army.It is known the sultan Abdülaziz (1886/1876) has critical efforts about that this context weapons that infantry soldiers used to have considered to change and was bought quite a number rifle from America. We can understand,the goverment had prefered the Henry-Martini’s rifles alongside nearly the similar the Winchester brand rifles. From 1872 the goverment has decided to buy from these brand’s rifles, The goverment has ordered rifles about 600,000 predominantly the brand of Hanry martini,and served hem to the army’s usage. In the war of Ottoman Empire Russia (93 war) has been observed the advantage of the rifles and the advantage in the army by the goverment. They paid attantion predominantly the use of the modern weapon traning In the military schools,soldiers practically learned about rifle,meintenance,pieces,repair and cleaning.the work we centre on is about the infantry soldiars during the in these years 1882-1893. A quite valuable information has been presented in the book was written by the Comte De Waldersee that named German executed who was a high ranked soldier.Among of these informations the usage stage of the weapons by the soldiers has been covered into visiually and with the details.The work evaluated from the ottoman turkish to the modern turkish by transcription.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Van With Public Works, Economic And Social Developments (1923-1960)

    • Authors: Abdulaziz KARDAŞ
      Abstract: Van, sahip olduğu coğrafi özellikler ve askeri-stratejik konumu nedeniyle tarih boyunca birçok medeniyetin dikkatini çekmiştir. Osmanlı Devleti’nin son döneminde de önemini koruyan Van, I. Dünya Savaşı yıllarında çıkan Ermeni İsyanları ve ardında gerçekleşen Rus işgali şehrin tahrip olmasına yol açmıştır. Savaş sonrasında muhaceretten dönenler ve evleri tahrîp olanlar eski şehirde barınacak bir yer bulamadıkları için gölden 7-8 km uzaklıkta daha az tahrip edilmiş olan bağ ve bahçelik alanlara yerleşmek suretiyle yeni Van şehrini meydana getirmişlerdi. Van, Cumhuriyetin ilanı ile birlikte yeni devletin vilâyetleri arasında yer almıştı. Bu dönemde yeni devletin kuruluş felsefesi çerçevesinde vilayetlerin bayındırlık, iktisadi, sosyal, kültürel gibi alanlardaki sorunları giderilmeye çalışılmıştır. Bu bağlamda I. Dünya Savaşı yıllarında yakılıp yıkılan Van’ın yeniden kalkındırılması için çalışmalara başlanmıştır. Vilâyetin en temel sorunları arasında yer alan ulaşım ve taşımacılık alanında yeni adımlar atılmıştır. Karayolu ve köprü alanında çalışmalar yapılmış, bunun yanında ulaşım ve taşımacılıkta önemli rol oynayan Van Gölü İşletme İdaresi’nin çalışmaları planlı hale getirilmeye çalışılmıştır. Bunların yanında demiryolunun Van’a ulaştırılması ve hava ulaşımı için havaalanın açılması ve seferlerin planlanmasına gayret edilmiştir. Ulaşım ve taşımacılığın yanında şehrin tarım alanında gelişmesini sağlamak amacıyla sulama kanalları yapılmıştır. Şehrin içme suyu sorunu çözmek amacıyla yeni çalışmalar yapılmıştır. Bu dönemde ayrıca şehrin aydınlatılması ve sanayinin gelişmesinde önemli rol oynayacak elektrik santrallerinin yapılmasına başlanmıştır. Söz konusu çalışmaların yanında Van’da kalkınmayı sağlayacak nüfusun artırılması için göç-iskân politikası uygulanmıştır. Van’a gelen göçmenler İskele Köyü ve Edremit civarında iskân edilmiştir. Hükümet, Van mimarisine de örnek olabilecek devlet daireleri ve göçmen evleri inşa etmiştir. Ancak dönem içerisinde meydana gelen depremlerin yol açtığı yıkım, devletin bayındırlık alanındaki faaliyetlerini yok etmiştir. Van’ın eğitim ve kültür alanlarında gelişmesini sağlamak amacıyla ilköğretimde yeni okullar açıldı. Orta ve yükseköğretimde de sanat okulları, Ernis Köy Enstitüsü ve Doğu Üniversitesi gibi kurumların açılması ve faaliyetlerinin yoğunlaştırılmasına çalışılmıştır. Van’da sağlık sorunlarının çözülmesi amacıyla yeni kurumlar açılmış ve bu dönemde yaşanan salgın hastalıklarla mücadele edilmiştir.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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