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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Sciences
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2351-6496 - ISSN (Online) 2538-8347
Published by Lithuanian Sports University Homepage  [3 journals]
  • Associations Between Emotion Regulation Strategies and Anxiety in
           Lithuanian Medical Students

    • Authors: Silvija Žukaitė, Dalia Antinienė
      Pages: 4 - 13
      Abstract: Background. Appropriate emotion regulation is crucial for medical students to properly prepare for the practical part of their career. Emotion dysregulation, however, is associated with maladaptive emotion regulation strategies, which in turn often causes higher levels of anxiety. This could lead to difficulties concerning the studying process and preparation for the future career. This research is conducted due to the lack of previous studies. Methods. Medical students of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences participated in an online survey. There were a total of 98 female and 18 male students, mean participant age M = 21,6 (SD = 2,21). The survey consisted of 3 questionnaires – Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire – Short Form (CERQ-SF), GAD-7 and sociodemographic questions. Scales were used to assess emotion regulation strategies and subjective anxiety levels. Results. Female students experience higher levels of anxiety compared to their male counterparts. High levels of anxiety are associated with year 2–6 students; 1st year students are the only ones experiencing low levels of anxiety. However, it is worth mentioning that no statistical significance groups was found in those groups. Results suggest a weak negative correlation between adaptive ER strategies and anxiety, with a moderate positive correlation between maladaptive ER strategies and anxiety. No statistical significance was found between genders, years of study or age concerning the use of ER strategies. Conclusion. Our findings suggest weak negative correlation between adaptive ER strategies and anxiety; moderate positive correlation between maladaptive ER strategies and anxiety was also found. Keywords: medical students, emotion regulation, anxiety.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.33607/bjshs.v127i4.1293
      Issue No: Vol. 127, No. 4 (2022)
  • Emotional states of people attending sports and health clubs during and
           after the period of the Covid-19 pandemic

    • Authors: Šarūnas Šniras, Medas Klusaitis
      Pages: 14 - 20
      Abstract: Background. The measures of social and physical isolation during the period of the Covid-19 pandemic had an influence on people’s way of life and mental health. It was noticed one of the biggest problems during the period of the Covid-19 pandemic was an increase of negative emotions and decrease of physical activity among people that usually do sports. In the article, the main attention is paid to emotional states of people attending sports and health clubs during and after the period of the Covid-19 pandemic. Methods. The following research methods were applied: SAN questionnaire, interview survey and the situation anxiety assessment scale by Spielberger and Khanin. A Chi square (χ²) test was applied for the comparison of the results between the researched groups. The research was performed in the academic year 2021/2022 and 97 physically active people that did sports in sports and health clubs, including 35 women and 62 men, were researched. Results. The results revealed the people attending sports and health clubs assessed their well-being during the period of the Covid-19 pandemic in the following way: even 46 percent of the researched assessed it as low, 37 percent indicated the average level and 17 percent – the high level. However, after the Covid-19 pandemic, just 24 percent of the researched assessed their well-being as low, 34 percent indicated the average level and 42 percent – the high level. The people that attended sports and health clubs assessed their activity during the pandemic: 48 percent indicated the low level, 31 percent – the average level, and 21 percent – the high level. These indexes became better after the pandemic: 28 percent assessed their activity as low and average, and 44 percent – as high. The pandemic restrictions also had a big influence on the mood of those researched: the level of the mood of the researched attending sports and health clubs was low with even 47 percent, average with 23 percent, and high with 30 percent. However, the mood indexes were distributed after the pandemic: 22 percent indicated the low level, 25 percent – the average level and 53 percent – the high level. It was noticed even 58 percent of the researched assessed their situation anxiety as high during the pandemic, 23 percent – as average, and 19 percent – as low. Meanwhile, after the pandemic, the same researched assessed their situation anxiety in the following way: 49 percent – as low, 25 percent – as average, and 26 percent – as high. Conclusions. The indexes of well-being, activity, mood and situation anxiety of people attending sports and health clubs were much better after the Covid-19 pandemic than during the period of the Covid-19 pandemic. Keywords: Covid-19, sports and health clubs, emotional state, well-being, activity, mood, situation anxiety
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.33607/bjshs.v127i4.1295
      Issue No: Vol. 127, No. 4 (2022)
  • Sports Infographics: Analysis of their Titles and Subtitles

    • Authors: Miglė Vairytė, Evelina Jaleniauskienė, Lina Gaižiūnienė
      Pages: 21 - 28
      Abstract: Background: Nowadays, infographics have become a very popular visual communication format in diverse sectors, including sports. Their use ranges from very formal sports data presentations (e.g., the introduction of the results from worldwide studies) to less formal occasions (e.g., promotion of any physical activity on social media sites). While the graphical design of sports infographics might be greatly facilitated by modern infographic tools, the formulation of captivating textual information, especially in titles and subtitles, remains a complicated task for their designers. Therefore, the study aims to analyze the most common tactics and practices applied when formulating titles and subtitles in sports infographics. Methods: 50 sports infographics targeting the areas of fitness, running and training were chosen for the current study. The content of their titles and subtitles was analyzed using MAXQDA Analytics Pro 2020 software. Results. The results revealed that the most frequent words used in titles and subtitles of sports infographics were training, performance, results, running, endurance, fitness and strength. While the average length of titles was 8 words, the subtitles were made of 2 words on average. Most commonly, the main titles of sports infographics displayed a combination of tactics and were made of two parts separated by a colon. The subtitles were usually formulated with the use of lists, examples, facts, explanations, opinions, teasers or the technique of 5Ws. Conclusion. The results of this study might facilitate the creation of infographics in the sports sector and thus help to increase awareness of sports-related topics among the general audience.  Keywords: infographics, design of infographics, sports infographics, titles of sports infographics, subtitles of sports infographics.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.33607/bjshs.v127i4.1296
      Issue No: Vol. 127, No. 4 (2022)
  • Speed, Agility and Power Potential of Young Basketball Players

    • Authors: Denis Čaušević, Semir Mašić, Ivor Doder, Kęstutis Matulaitis, Seth Spicer
      Pages: 29 - 34
      Abstract: Background. As basketball constantly evolves, physical performance becomes more and more important. Physical fitness assessments are the most reliable way to find out at what level a basketball player is prepared to perform. Therefore, the main aim of this research was to determine if the speed, agility and power of under-16-year-old (U16) basketball players is related to their playing positions. Methods. The study included (n = 40) young basketball (aged 14.99 ± 0.84 years) players. The variables included height, body mass, body mass index (BMI), fat-free mass (FFM), the percentage of body fat (BF%), the counter movement jump (CMJ), counter movement jump with free arms (CMJ free arms), squat jump (SJ), 5m, 10m, 15m and 20m sprints, T-test, Illinois test and 505 test. Results. The results showed that centers are taller and heavier than other positions, while the speed, agility and power of forwards are greater than other positions. Conclusions. At the youth basketball level there are differences in anthropometric and physical fitness testing results between positions. This supports the fact that athletes may be more likely to be selected for a given position based on how their anthropometric and athletic abilities pair with the demands of a given position. Keywords: body composition; physical testing; playing position; performance.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.33607/bjshs.v127i4.1297
      Issue No: Vol. 127, No. 4 (2022)
  • Effects of Acute Noxious Heat Exposure on The Attention Required by Tasks
           of Three Levels of Difficulty in Young Healthy Men

    • Authors: Soneta Ivanovė, Marius Brazaitis
      Pages: 35 - 41
      Abstract: Background: This article discusses the current knowledge on the effects of heat stress on cognitive abilities. Whole-body hyperthermia (WBH) has a negative effect on mental performance. In this study, we investigated whether short-term whole-body immersion in water at 45°C (HWI-45°C), which induces a strong neurotransmitter and temperature flux without inducing whole-body hyperthermia, would impair mental performance in humans. Methods: Fourteen men (aged 25±6 years) were enrolled in this study and participated in three experiments: (i) a brief (5-min) immersion of the whole body in 37°C water (WI-37°C); (ii) a brief (5-min) immersion of the whole body in 45°C water (HWI-45°C); and (iii) a control trial in a thermoneutral condition at an ambient temperature of 24°C and 60% relative humidity. Before and after immersion, cognitive performance was tested. All tests were performed in a quiet and semi-darkened laboratory. Results: Baseline simple, 2-choice and procedural reaction time and percentage of correct answers did not differ significantly across all trials. 2-choice reaction time was reduced (i.e. faster reaction) only after immersion to 37°C water. Interestingly, only whole-body immersion to 45°C was a sufficient trigger to reduce procedural reaction time. Conclusion: young healthy men do not deteriorate in response to whole-body hot water immersion for a short duration. By contrast, we here show faster reaction time in procedural reaction task, which was the most difficult of the three to perform. Keywords: Heat stress, hot water immersion, cognitive performance.
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.33607/bjshs.v127i4.1298
      Issue No: Vol. 127, No. 4 (2022)
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