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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Sciences
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2351-6496 - ISSN (Online) 2538-8347
Published by Lithuanian Sports University Homepage  [3 journals]
  • Correlation of Attitudes towards Remote Consultations of a Rheumatologist
           with Health Locus of Control: Survey of Lithuanian Patients with Chronic
           Rheumatic Diseases

    • Authors: Dominykas Antinis, Jurgita Sabaliauskienė
      Pages: 4 - 12
      Abstract: Background: During the COVID-19 pandemic, telemedicine has become an important means to control the disease with the help of a doctor for patients with chronic diseases. To make treatment of chronic rheumatic diseases effective, it is important that patients have a positive attitude towards the remote consulting and maintained health related individual behavior, which depends on the patient’s health locus of control. Methods: The sample of the survey consists of 207 Lithuanian patients with chronic rheumatic diseases. Most of them have been diagnosed with spondyloarthritis (n=83), connective tissue diseases (n=53) and rheumatoid arthritis (n=49). To reveal the attitude towards remote consultations of a rheumatologist, an original questionnaire has been developed, which includes reasons for prioritizing remote consultations of a rheumatologist, and positive and negative attitude towards the consultations. Health locus of control was assessed by Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC) scale, which contains Internality, Chance and Powerful Others subscales. Results: The survey revealed the main reasons why patients with chronic rheumatic diseases choose remote consultations. When comparing the average of statements revealing positive attitude M=2.78 with the negative one of M=1.51 it becomes obvious that the attitude of subjects towards remote consultations is favorable. A correlation analysis was performed to assess the correlation of patient positive or negative attitudes towards remote consultations with the health locus of control. The results did not establish a correlation between patients’ positive attitude towards the named consultations and internality locus of control. However, it has been obtained that a negative attitude towards remote consultations has albeit not strong, but a statistically significant correlation with two indicators of health locus of control – Chance (r=0.203, p≤0.0001) and Powerful Others (r=0.94, p=0.01). Conclusion: The survey revealed a favorable attitude of patients with chronic rheumatic diseases towards remote consultations. Furthermore, it showed that personal conviction of a patient that health depends on circumstances and influence of other people worsens the attitude towards remote consultations. Keywords: telerheumatology, remote consultations, health locus of control.
      PubDate: 2022-06-15
      DOI: 10.33607/bjshs.v2i125.1220
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 125 (2022)
       
  • Effects of Physical Activity on the Physical Condition and Quality of Life
           of Elderly People

    • Authors: Eisvina Burbaitė, Vida Janina Česnaitienė
      Pages: 13 - 17
      Abstract: Background: The article raises a topical scientific problem regarding the physical inactivity and low physical capacity of the elderly population, the indicators of which, according to researchers in old age, can help predict institutionalization, disability, or even the risk of premature death. Various organizations around the world are striving to increase the number of physically active people by raising awareness and developing preventive measures. In this study, we looked for optimal activities that can effectively improve the physical capacity and quality of life self assessment of older people. Methods: Eurofit tests were used to assess physical capacity (Jones, & Rikli, 2002). The study assessed the physical capacity of elderly people to determine body composition, motor system capacity, skeletal muscle capacity, and cardiovascular capacity. A shortened version of the WHO questionnaire (World Health Organization Quality of Life 100 - WHOQOL-100), WHO-BREF-26 was used to assess quality of life (World Health Organization, 2012). Results: The indicators of quality of life of the subjects did not improve in a statistically significant way after physically energetic activities – exercise, swimming and Nordic walking. The indicators of physical capacity of the subjects improved in a statistically significant way after physically energetic activities. The three-month exercise increased hand muscle strength and body composition, swimming activity increased hand muscle strength, upper body flexibility and motor system performance indicators, Nordic walking statistically significantly improved upper body flexibility. Conclusions: Different physical activity activities significantly improve different components of physicalcapacity. Keywords: physical activity, elderly people, physical capacity.
      PubDate: 2022-06-15
      DOI: 10.33607/bjshs.v2i125.1221
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 125 (2022)
       
  • Theoretical Assumptions of Value-Based Communication

    • Authors: Ramvyda Drulytė, Laura Daniusevičiūte-Brazaitė, Vaidas Mickevičius, Aldona Tüür
      Pages: 18 - 24
      Abstract: Keywords: human values, book fairs, human values in communication.
      PubDate: 2022-06-15
      DOI: 10.33607/bjshs.v2i125.1222
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 125 (2022)
       
  • Post-COVID Heroes: Physical Education Teachers’ Role in Sports and
           Physical Activity in Jamaica

    • Authors: Van Der Rowe
      Pages: 25 - 35
      Abstract: Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has greatly exacerbated Jamaica’s high physical inactivity rates, which means the country could potentially see increases in lifestyle diseases and deaths. Given the fact that physical literacy is not prevalent among the Jamaican population, physical education (PE) teachers must play a greater role in the postCOVID era to promote physical activity and sports involvement through school, community, and national initiatives. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the perceived role of PE teachers in the development of sports and physical activity (PA) lifestyles in the post-COVID era in Jamaica. Methods: The research took the form of a descriptive quantitative survey that analyzed the experiences and perceptions of 47 PE teachers in Jamaica. The sampling method utilized a combined approach using purposive and snowball sampling techniques. Results: The results of the study indicated that PE teachers play an important role in teaching and developing the fundamental skills of students in preparation for transition into amateur and national competitions. PE teachers in the post-COVID era need to contribute more to students living a healthy lifestyle and becoming active for life. Conclusion: The results of this study have great implications for Jamaica’s physical inactivity levels and the continued development and maintenance of Jamaica’s dominance in sports in the international arena. Keywords: chronic lifestyle diseases, physical activity lifestyle, sports development.
      PubDate: 2022-06-15
      DOI: 10.33607/bjshs.v2i125.1223
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 125 (2022)
       
  • High Prevalence of the ACSL (rs6552828) AA Genotype among Elite Soccer
           Players

    • Authors: Yoav Meckel, Alon Eliakim, Dan Nemet, Nir Levin, Sigal Ben-Zaken
      Pages: 36 - 42
      Abstract: Background: The ACSL A/G single nucleotide polymorphism is associated with endurance trainability. It was previously demonstrated that AA carriers had a reduced maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max) in response to training compared to GG carriers, and that this polymorphism explained 6.1% of the variance in the VO2 max response to training. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of the ACSL A/G polymorphism among soccer players. Methods: One hundred and sixty-seven male athletes (60 soccer players, 48 sprinters and jumpers, 59 long distance runners) and 60 non-athletic controls participated in the study. Genomic DNA was extracted from buccal epithelial cells using standard protocol for ACSL genotyping. Results: The prevalence of the ACSL AA genotype was significantly higher among soccer players (35%) compared to controls (12%), sprinters and jumpers (15%) and long-distance runners (15%). The findings suggest that despite the importance of aerobic capacity for soccer performance, the prevalence of ACSL AA carriers – a genotype that was related to reduced endurance trainability – is significantly higher among soccer players compared to endurance and power athletes and controls. This genetically unfavorable predisposition should be considered when selecting the team squad and when planning fitness training modalities throughout the competitive season. Keywords: sprinters, long-distance runners, soccer players, ACSL genetic polymorphism.
      PubDate: 2022-06-15
      DOI: 10.33607/bjshs.v2i125.1224
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 125 (2022)
       
 
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