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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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Journal of Physical Activity Research
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2574-4437 - ISSN (Online) 2574-4437
Published by Science and Education Publishing Homepage  [75 journals]
  • Levels of Physical Activity before and after California‚Äôs COVID-19
           Shutdown among a Population-Based Sample of Mothers from Low-income
           Households

    • Authors: Fred Molitor; Sarah Kehl
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: We examined changes in levels of physical activity (PA) before versus after California’s COVID-19 shutdown among mothers from low-income households across California. By comparing the same time periods in Federal Fiscal Year (FFY) 2020 to those in FFYs 2018, 2019, and 2021, we were able to assess whether the changes observed in FFY 2020 were different from those in pre-pandemic years, and the potential longer term impact of COVID-19 on PA. Households with incomes ≤185% of the federal poverty level were randomly selected in FFYs 2018-2021. Within each FFY, cross-sectional interviews were conducted by telephone in English or Spanish. Two outcome variables were examined: minutes of PA per week and whether guidelines of ≥150 minutes of weekly PA were met. Analyses examined these outcomes across and within FFYs by COVID-19 shutdown time periods controlling for race/ethnicity, age, education, and multiple comparisons. Among our analytic sample of 13,267 mothers, 65.2% were Latina, 16.6% were white, and 12.7% were African American. Levels of PA among mothers increased following California’s COVID-19 shutdown. Similar findings were observed within each of the four FFYs for both PA outcomes. We attribute our findings to a seasonal effect, with levels of PA increasing during warmer, post-COVID-19 shutdown months (May through September). We also suggest that the low-income status of our study population may explain why our findings contradict those reported in previous studies. The initial and repeated closure of gyms and fitness centers may have been less disruptive to our samples of mothers, who reported walking at rates higher than the general US population. Mothers may have also been more likely to come from households that received enhanced unemployment or other types of COVID-19 benefits, offering the means and time to continue their pattern of seasonal increases in PA in FFYs 2020 and into 2021.
      PubDate: 2023-02-21
      DOI: 10.12691/jpar-8-1-1
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • The Impact of COVID-19 on Physical Activity among Employees and Students
           at a Midsize University

    • Authors: Lukman Tata; Brent M. Peterson, Trista Olson
      Pages: 9 - 13
      Abstract: Background: At the outset of the pandemic in January 2020, statewide confinement measures were imposed to varying degrees to limit viral spread. Evidence suggests that imposed measures may have negatively impacted physical activity (PA), specifically, in communities such as colleges or universities that generally maintain higher than average levels of PA. Purpose: To evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on PA and recreational facility use on students, faculty, and staff at a midsize university. Methods: A sample of 128 participants completed the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), which assessed PA in March 2020 and March 2021. Results: March 2021 PA levels were significantly lower than PA reported from March 2020 (2902 ± 2990 vs. 2266 ± 2343 MET-hours per week; p < 0.001). Conclusion: PA and attendance at recreational and gym facilities significantly decreased in March 2020 as compared to March 2021. Public health restrictions implemented to address COVID-19, may have influenced the reductions of PA observed among employees and students. Considering the benefits to immunity and the long-term health benefits that PA provides, public health experts should consider the short-and long-term negative health impacts that may result from closure of PA-focused recreational facilities when implementing public health restrictions.
      PubDate: 2023-03-10
      DOI: 10.12691/jpar-8-1-2
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2023)
       
 
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