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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2596-741X
Published by Royal Danish Library Homepage  [22 journals]
  • Depressive Symptoms in Danish Elite Athletes Using the Major Depressive
           Inventory (MDI) and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression
           Scale (CES-D)

    • Authors: Andreas Kuettel, Anna Melin, Carsten H Larsen, Mia Beck Lichtenstein
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Background: The prevalence of depressive symptoms among athletes is an ongoing debate in the scientific literature. Aims: The aim of the current study was to assess the prevalence of depressive symptoms in Danish elite athletes and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Major Depressive Inventory (MDI) and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) in athletes. Methods: The total sample comprised 996 athletes from two cross-sectional studies using the MDI (n = 409) and the CES-D (n = 587). Results: Using the original cut-off points, the MDI found 8.6% and the CES-D found 22.0% at risk of depression. Using alternative cut-off points recommended in the literature, both instruments detected 10-11% of athletes at risk of depression. No statistically significant differences were found related to age, injury, and type of sport between high risk and low risk groups, whereas female gender was identified as a risk factor for higher depressive symptoms. Principal component analyses confirmed a single factor structure in both instruments with sufficient item loadings on the first component and Cronbach α values of .89 and .88. Discussion: We recommend regular screening of depressive symptoms in elite athletes, with MDI and CES-D as reliable instrument for that purpose.
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      DOI: 10.7146/sjsep.v4i1.128360
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2022)
  • Investigating an Online Course for Player Psychosocial Development in
           Elite Sport (Professional Football)

    • Authors: Lee Richardson, Ricardo Lugo, Andrea Firth
      Pages: 11 - 19
      Abstract: The scope of this study was to examine the perceived effectiveness of an online course based on an applied psychological model (The Four Pillars ©). The course was developed for the Professional Footballers’ Association (PFA) for young professional players, to assist in the process of transition into the professional game and to promote psychosocial development. We investigated how an online course might assist in the process of professional and psychosocial development by providing contextually relevant and evidence-based sport psychological concepts and principles that are relevant for maintaining a career in elite sport (football) and transitioning into the professional game. A total of n=219 16-18-year-old professional players and n=18 club staff members completed the eight modules of the online course. A post-course online survey was completed by both sets of participants and data was collected online. Both qualitative and quantitative data was collected. Qualitative data was based on thematic analysis of experiences given by the participants while quantitative data explored associations and differences between coaches and players. Findings indicate that both coaches and players found the online course beneficial in raising awareness of the demands that elite professional football can place upon mental health, and providing the potential to develop psychological literacy around relevant psychological coping and performance skills that may promote improved performance and provide a protective mechanism for mental health. Future studies should focus on the real-world efficacy of the online course in the development of psychological skills and the protection of mental health. Keywords: Psychological literacy, Psycho-social development, Professional football, Elite sport, Academy, Mental health
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      DOI: 10.7146/sjsep.v4i1.125418
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2022)
  • Coping with external stressors in handball and football elite refereeing:
           The relationship with referee efficacy

    • Authors: Bjørn Tore Johansen, Tommy Haugen, Martin Kjeøen Erikstad
      Pages: 20 - 26
      Abstract: This study investigated the association between referee efficacy and self-reported coping with external stressors among elite handball and football referees. The participants were 224 Norwegian elite referees of handball (n = 111, m age = 35.3 years, 13.5% females) and football (113, m age = 30.8 years, 8% females) who had been referees for an average of 14.4 years (sd = 7.77 years; min: 4, max: 37) and a referee at the present level for 6.8 years (sd = 6.20 years, min: 1, max: 32). Referee self-efficacy was measured using the Norwegian version of the Referee Self-Efficacy Scale. Self-reported coping with external stressors was measured using responses to statements related to the referee’s self-perceived decision-making process in the presence of several sources of external stressors. Referee self-efficacy was positively associated with coping with external stressors (b = .24 (se = .11), p = .021). Football referees reported higher levels of coping with external stressors (b = .28 (se = .08), p = .001) than handball referees, and the number of years of elite refereeing was positively related to coping with external stressors. The findings provide evidence of a positive relationship between referee efficacy and coping with external stressors when making decisions.   Keywords: Referee Self-Efficacy Scale, decision-making, social pressure, team sport referees
      PubDate: 2022-09-27
      DOI: 10.7146/sjsep.v4i1.129894
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2022)
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