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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1993-9345 - ISSN (Online) 2664-2514
Published by U of Mosul Homepage  [20 journals]
  • The effect of using the ES7 strategy according to the triple reciprocal
           method in the skill ...

    • Abstract: The research aims to discover:-        Designing and implementing an educational program using the 7ES strategy according to the triple reciprocal method of wrestling for the third stage.-        Detecting the effect of using the 7ES strategy on the three-way reciprocal method in acquiring the art of performing some wrestling grips for third-stage students.    In order to verify the objective of the research, the researchers hypothesized the following:    There are no statistically significant differences in the post-test between the average scores of the students of the experimental groups who are taught according to the 7ES strategy and according to the triple reciprocal method among them in acquiring the art of performing some wrestling skills    The researchers used the experimental method for its suitability to the nature of the research, and the research sample included (53) students from the third school year in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Mosul, and by (16) students for the first experimental group, and (16) students for the second experimental group. Parity between the two groups in the basic variables (age, height, mass) and some elements of fitness.The implementation of the educational program took (6) weeks for the period from 15/4/2022 to 21/4/2022, with (6) educational plans for the first experimental group and (6) educational plans for the second experimental group, and the time of each educational plan is (90) minutes After completing the program, a post-test for skill achievement was conducted.The researchers used the following statistical methods:To reach the results of the current research, the researcher used the statistical package (SPSS), using the following statistical methods:- Arithmetic mean, standard deviation, simple correlation coefficient "Pearson" and (t) test for uncorrelated samples.Spearman's equation.In light of the research results and within its limits, the researchers reached the following conclusions:-        The first experimental group that was taught with the 7ES strategy outperformed the second experimental group that was taught with the 7ES strategy according to the triple reciprocal method in skill acquisition in grips (carrier item, head and arm, reservation of the two legs, then lift, scale, side roller).-        There are no differences between the first and second experimental group in grip (picking the ankle of the foot)The researchers recommended:-        Emphasis on the use of the 7ES strategy in teaching wrestling to third-year students.-        The necessity of introducing competition at the end of the educational unit because it has a positive impact on the skillful achievement of the third stage of wrestling
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Aug 2022 19:30:00 +010
       
  • The effect of educational games according to the stages of the complete
           kinetic sequence to ...

    • Abstract: Progress and performance to the best level is the goal of educational games according to the stages of the complete motor sequence, so we need to apply the principles of learning and its correct methods, which must be effective and brief at the same time. And the research community was identified for long jump players in the Specialized School for Talent Care for the 2022 sports season in Baghdad, which numbered (12 jumpers). To the most important conclusions, as the results showed a marked superiority between the tribal and remote measurements, the effect of educational games on the stages of the kinetic sequence, to develop some physical abilities and the achievement of the junior long jump players for the experimental group and in favor of the dimensional measurement.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Aug 2022 19:30:00 +010
       
  • Emotion Management and its Relationship to Performance Among First-Class
           Referees in Basketball ...

    • Abstract: The research aims to identify the correlation between the management of emotions and performance among the basketball referees of the first degree in Iraq, and to extract the standard levels for the management of emotions and performance among the basketball referees of the first degree in Iraq, and the descriptive approach was used in the survey method, normative studies and correlational relationships, and the research community determined from First-class basketball referees accredited and registered in the records of the Central Basketball Federation, which are (61) referees . (21) Paragraphs representing (6) dimensions, namely (fitness, public health, cooperation and commitment, arbitration mechanics, match management, fault diagnosis, diagnosing violations). Standard levels for the sample and use the statistical bag (spss) to extract the results, and from the results that came out of the research, basketball referees enjoyed an average level of emotion management, and that The form has proven its validity and ability to assess the level of performance of basketball referees, and among the recommendations that came out of the research is that within the curriculum of the Iraqi Basketball Federation and the Central Referees Committee development courses related to the management of emotions, the importance of the adoption of the Central Basketball Referees Committee for the performance form prepared by the researchers to evaluate the performance Basketball referees.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Aug 2022 19:30:00 +010
       
  • The creative performance of the coaches of the Iraqi Paralympic Committee
           sub-committees from ...

    • Abstract: The research aims to:-        Preparing a questionnaire about the creative performance of the coaches of the Iraqi paralympic sub-committees' teams from the players' point of view.-        Identifying the level of creative performance of the coaches of the Iraqi paralympic sub-committees' teams from the players' point of view.    The researchers used the descriptive approach in the survey method for its relevance and the nature of the research. The research community consisted of (490) Paralympic players, divided into (14) Iraqi Paralympic Committee sub-accredited by the Iraqi National Paralympic Committee in the central region, the middle Euphrates region, and the southern region. Determine the research community according to the comprehensive inventory method, and the sample numbers were (282) players While the application sample amounted to (141) players, and (10) players were used for the exploratory experiment, and in analyzing the data, the percentage, standard deviation, simple correlation coefficient, Spearman-Brown equation, Gittmann’s equation and Cronbach’s alpha coefficient were used, and the researchers concluded that there is a very high level for all dimensions of the questionnaire.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Aug 2022 19:30:00 +010
       
  • Regulatory conflict and its relationship to organizational justice among
           the heads of sports ...

    • Abstract: The search aims to identify:-        Regulatory conflict and its relationship to organizational justice among the heads of sports clubs in Nineveh province.    The researchers used the descriptive approach to suit the nature of the current research, and the eye of the research included the heads of sports clubs in Nineveh province, and the researchers used the statistical package (spss25) and the researchers assumed that there is no statistically significant moral correlation between the organizational conflict and organizational justice among the heads of sports clubs in Nineveh province.The researchers concluded:-        there is a statistically significant reverse moral correlation between the organizational conflict and organizational justice of the heads of sports clubs in Nineveh province.The researchers recommended:-        Holding courses and workshops for the heads of sports clubs in Nineveh province on ways and methods of conflict resolution and how to deal with them.-        Applying laws and decisions to all employees without bias, and providing employees with all the details that concern them.-        The distribution of tasks, responsibilities and ways of carrying out work in clear ways so that it does not become a space for conflict for overlapping work between workers.-        Conducting   studies similar to the current study to be more extensive in terms of sample and society.-        Work to build positive working relationships between club presidents and employees of the sports institution.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Aug 2022 19:30:00 +010
       
  • The effect of using the round robin in learn the art of performing some
           volleyball skills and ...

    • Abstract: The research aims to identify:-        The relationship between mental alertness and psychological flexibility among students of the Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences at the Faculty of Al-Noor University    The researchers used the descriptive curriculum to suit the nature of the current research, and the research community included the 198 students in the Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences at al-Nour University School for the academic season (2021-2022) and the 198 students distributed throughout the courses.    The research sample included 150 students from the research community to represent the final application sample, and the researchers used the spss statistical package to analyze the results of the research.The researchers concluded:-        There is a morally significant correlation between mental alertness and psychological flexibility among students in the Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences at the University College of Al-Noor.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Aug 2022 19:30:00 +010
       
  • The effect of the reciprocal method associated with sequential and random
           motor skills ...

    • Abstract: The aim of the research is to identify the effect of the reciprocal method associated with the sequential motor skills implementation exercises in learning skill performance in football. The researchers assumed that there were statistically significant differences between the pre-test and the post-test in learning some basic football skills for the three groups and in favor of the post-test. There are statistical differences between the post-test for the three research groups experimental and control) and in favor of the second group. The researchers used the experimental method for its suitability and the nature of the problem. The sample included (30) students. They were chosen at random from the community of (58) students from Qaraqosh Preparatory School for Boys for the academic year (2019-2020). They were divided into three equal groups, one-group share (10) students. The first group studied in the reciprocal method associated with sequential exercises and the second group studied in the reciprocal style associated with random exercises, while the control group studied in the usual way, then the experiment was applied and its implementation took (6) weeks up to two educational units per week for one group, the (SPSS) system was used to statistically process the data. The researchers concluded: The effectiveness of the experimental approach used according to sequential and random exercises by reciprocal teaching, with the superiority of reciprocal teaching associated with random exercises.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Aug 2022 19:30:00 +010
       
  • The effect of teaching aids in developing kinesthetic perception and
           learning some offensive ...

    • Abstract:     It is necessary for using leaning aids that intend to employ mental processes throughout the competition. Hence, the importance of research was embodied. The problem is represented in the weakness of learning level of the first stage student of physical education college and sport sciences- Basra University. The research objective intends to identify the impact of means in the developing of kinesthetic perception and learning the offensive skills of basketball. The experimental curriculum was used. In light of the results, the most significant conclusion has been got; the teaching aids have active role in developing the kinesthetic perception and learning the offensive skills of basketball.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Aug 2022 19:30:00 +010
       
  • Evaluating the teaching skills of the physical education subjects
           according to the educational ...

    • Abstract:     The aim of the research is to evaluate the educational environment in the schools of Mosul and evaluate the teaching skills for the appliances of physical education and find the relationship between the teaching skills for the physical education and the educational environment in the schools of the city of Mosul. A questionnaire was prepared, and after the scientific conditions were fulfilled from sincerity and stability, it was the most important results.The reality of the material educational environment in the schools of Mosul does not meet all the conditions of teaching practice of physical and sports education. The level of quality of teaching skills for the physical education subjects teaching in the schools of Mosul is moderate In addition to there is a positive correlation with statistically significant between the educational environment and teaching skills for the physical education subjects according to the educational environment in the schools of Mosul, and the most important recommendations were the necessity of the appropriate educational environment in schools to advance sports education and the need to provide material and moral support for teachers and teachers of physical education to motivate them I have to perform their duty in a better way.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Aug 2022 19:30:00 +010
       
  • Analytical study of some biokinematic variables and their relationship to
           the strength and ...

    • Abstract: The aim of the search is to:Codification of a skill test according to the electronic drip system for the front circular kick for Taekwondo players, as well as to identify the values of some biokinematic variables for the front circular kick for Taekwondo players and to identify the values of the two variables (strength and accuracy) of the front circular kick for Taekwondo players according to the electronic drip system, in addition to identifying the relationship between the values of Some biokinematic variables and the productive force for the performance of the front circular kick for taekwondo players according to the electronic drip system, as well as revealing the relationship between the values of some biokinematic variables and the accuracy of the front circular kick for taekwondo players according to the electronic drip system. The researchers hypothesized that there is a significant relationship between the values of some biokinematic variables and the producing force of the front circular kick of Taekwondo players according to the electronic drip system, and the existence of a significant relationship between the values of some biokinematic variables and the accuracy of the front circular kick of Taekwondo players according to the electronic drip system. The researchers used the descriptive approach using the two survey methods and the correlational relationships for its relevance and the nature of the study. The research community consisted of taekwondo players, the advanced category, which numbered (75) players representing the players of the teams (Baghdad, Nineveh, and Erbil). The research sample consisted of a sample of the two exploratory experiments, the number of its members (9) players were chosen from the research community, five of them from the Nineveh Governorate team, the tests for the front circular kick were applied, and four from the Erbil Governorate team to apply the biokinematic analysis tests. And the sample of the application of the tests consisting of (50) players representing the teams (Baghdad, Nineveh, and Erbil), and the stability sample consisting of (10) players, in addition to the analysis sample, they are (6) players who were chosen in a deliberate way who represent (3) from the Nineveh Governorate team and ( 3) From the Erbil governorate team. The researchers used measurement, testing, and technical scientific observation as means of data collection. The scientific observation was carried out using three video cameras at a speed of (100) images/sec. The researchers also used the electronic drip system device imported by them to record successful kicks and then obtain points. The best kick during which the player obtains the best strength and performance accuracy to be analyzed using kinetic analysis programs. The data were statistically processed using the SPSS program to obtain the data (arithmetic mean, standard deviation, simple correlation coefficient, t-test for independent samples) and equations that are related to biokinematic variables. The researchers concluded that the standardized tests of the front circular kick for strength, speed, and accuracy were It has a positive role in revealing the most important Biokinematic variables that achieve a touch recording according to the electronic drip system. The biokinematic variables of the front circular kick had an effective effect in applying the appropriate and effective force in scoring points according to the electronic scoring system during training or a fight. And in light of these conclusions, the researchers recommended the necessity of providing and using the electronic drip device during training and friendly fights between players for the category of applicants, due to the importance of this system in determining the player’s achievement. The necessity of using the electronic scoring device on other samples of different groups (juniors, youth) during the training.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Aug 2022 19:30:00 +010
       
  • A comparative study in job satisfaction between male and female teachers
           Al-Noor University College

    • Abstract: The aim of the current research is to identify the job satisfaction of the male and female teachers of Al-Noor University College about their work to make them more able to achieve the goals required to be achieved by them, as well as to identify all the differences between male and female teachers with the aim of job satisfaction with the teaching profession.    The researchers assume the following there are significant differences in job satisfaction between male and female teachers of Al-Noor University College     The researchers used the descriptive approach in a comparative style for its suitability and the nature of the current researchThe research community included male and female faculty members of Al-Noor University College for the year 2020/2021, who numbered (170) male and female teachers. And the exploratory experiment, which numbered (40) male and female teachers, and thus the proportion of the research sample reached (76.47%) of the total research community. As for the research tool, it was represented by the job satisfaction scale consisting of 25 items The electronic questionnaire was applied to the research sample, after verifying the scientific transactions of the scale of validity, reliability and validity of its application on the current research sample.The researchers used the following statistical methods to reach the results of their research:Arithmetic mean, standard deviation, percentage, hypothetical mean, simple correlation coefficient (Pearson), (t-test), Spearman-Brown equation.From the findings of the researchers, the following was concluded-        There is a good level of satisfaction with the profession among the male and female teachers of Al-Noor University College.-        The degree of interest in the work of male and female teachers through their role in the college is morally correlated with the degree of job satisfactionThe researchers recommend the following:-        Work on developing the degree of interest in work and human relations between male and female teachers to ensure their satisfaction with the work they are doing in order to prepare the new generation.-        Providing all the needs and supplies needed by the teacher that contribute to increasing the motivation towards performance. While providing the necessary opportunities to develop knowledge and expertise, especially through development courses and increasing incentives that contribute to a sense of job satisfaction.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Aug 2022 19:30:00 +010
       
  • The relationship of the variables of the explosive power of the legs in
           terms of the Smart Jump ...

    • Abstract:     Improving the physical abilities of the game of volleyball may be the decisive factor in winning matches, especially when the skill level of the two teams is equal or close, as recognizing the fact of measurement using modern techniques whose results will be accurate and that help raise the level of players in terms of physical and skill, nor the researcher neglects the importance of other indirect or direct measurements, whose results may be close compared to modern devices.    Through the researchers' follow-up of several researches, they noticed that the use of indirect measurements is prevalent at the present time, and most studies and research, especially in physical education, are negatively reflected on performance through the poor accuracy of the results of indirect measurements. Direct may be more objective and more accurate in setting the degree as well as economy in time, effort and cost. The most important objectives were to identify a relationship between the values of the explosive power variables of the two men with the accuracy index of the Cross Court smash hit with volleyball for the members of the research sample. The proportion of the contribution of the values of the explosive power variables of the two legs to the accuracy index of the Cross Court volleyball smash for the members of the research sample. Accordingly, the researcher assumed that there is a statistically significant relationship between the values of the explosive power variables of the two men with the accuracy index of the Cross Court smash hit with volleyball for the members of the research sample. There are significant contribution ratios for the values of the explosive power variables of the two men in the accuracy index of the Cross Court smash hit in volleyball for the members of the research sample.    The researchers used the descriptive approach in the manner of associative relations to suit the nature of the research problem, as the study sample consisted of the players of the Peshmerga Club in volleyball for men, the category of applicants participating in the elite Iraqi league and numbering (19) players. The Cross Court Center No. (4), the researchers used the Cross Court smash test to get data from them (the explosive ability test of the two legs using the Smart Jump device, and the Cross Court smash accuracy test). The test was conducted in the closed hall (Martyr Ahmed) in Peshmerga Sports Club in Sulaymaniyah Governorate. Statistical treatments were performed by extracting data by means of the Statistical Era for Social Sciences (SPSS), through the results reached by the researchers. The researched smart jump variables (capacity, highest altitude, and flight time) when performing the Cross Court crushing volleyball hit in the research sample have a high correlation relationship. The accuracy indexes. As for the smart jump indicators, high percentages contributed to the accuracy index when performing the Cross Court smash hit in the research sample. The researchers recommend emphasizing the development of the explosive ability of the legs and arms to reach the player to the highest height to help the player direct the ball with high accuracy while performing the diagonal strike. And to emphasize that physical education colleges and departments have advanced measurement technology such as the Smart Jump device to evaluate the explosive ability of muscles and compare it to local athletes and compare it with the elite level in the year to know the strengths and weaknesses in the performance of our athletes.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Aug 2022 19:30:00 +010
       
  • The effectiveness of the mental (visual) program in developing the
           self-efficacy and learning a ...

    • Abstract: The research aims at:-        Developing  a mental training program that helps in developing the level of mental perception of students in the gymnastics lesson.-        Revealing the effect of the proposed program for visual mental visualization on the development of self-efficacy and mental visualization of students in the gymnastics lesson.-        Revealing the effect of the proposed program for mental visualization in developing the level of skill performance (practical) for students in the gymnastics lesson.-        revealing the preference of the experimental and control groups in the post test of self-efficacy, mental perception and a number of motor skills of students in a gymnastics lesson.               The researchers used the experimental method for its relevance to the nature of the research. The research community was deliberately identified from the third school year students in the College of Basic Education - Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Mosul University for the academic year 2021-2022, and their number was (58) male and female students. The research sample consisted of ( 20 students with a percentage of (48,27%), and they were divided by lottery into two equal groups, an experimental group and a control group with (10) students per group,The researchers reached a number of conclusions: -        The educational curriculum on mental and visual visualization has developed in self-efficacy, mental visualization and a number of basic gymnastics skills for students.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Aug 2022 19:30:00 +010
       
  • Suggested standards for the quality of higher education for the Colleges
           of physical education ...

    • Abstract:     Although there are standards for total quality through the national institutional accreditation of higher education institutions in Iraq, it contains unrealistic vocabulary that tends in its formulation to the constructional narrative, and other points in its standards are all linguistic formulations evidenced by the existence of documented copies of these indicators, Accordingly,    the research aimed to build proposed standards for the quality of higher education for the faculties of physical education and sports sciences in Iraq, to achieve this, the national standards were presented to the deans of the faculties of physical education and sports sciences and some experienced and specialized people. A questionnaire was prepared to contain the proposed standards for quality education, and their scientific transactions were verified. Then the degree of agreement of the research sample was identified, who are the teachers of the concerned faculties.The research concluded:-        Structure proposed standards for the quality of education for the faculties of physical education and sports sciences in Iraq, which included eight criteria: (educational institution strategy, governance, and administration, financial and material resources, faculty members, students, scientific research, community service, curricula) and a total of (119) indicators.-        The viewpoint of the teachers of the faculties of physical education and sports sciences in Iraq towards the proposed standards through their approval of these standards is very much agreed and agreed to a large degree.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Aug 2022 19:30:00 +010
       
  • Assessment of the level of knowledge of physical education teachers with
           the requirements of ...

    • Abstract: The present study aims of the research is to investigate the level of knowledge of physical education teachers with the requirements of total quality for managing physical education activities from the point of view of school principals in Nineveh Governorate. The study used the questionnaire as a means of collecting data, which involved of five axes: (leadership, strategic planning, continuous training and development, information technology and attention to the student), The study population contained of principals of middle, preparatory and secondary schools for boys in the city of Mosul, the center of Nineveh Governorate. The selected data consists of number of the research community was (122) managers, and the number of the research sample was (78) managers, representing (63.93%) of the research community. The current study concluded that the level of knowledge of physical education teachers about the overall quality of managing sports activities was at a high level, and the researcher recommended working on holding courses for physical education teachers that aim to link physical education with modern administrative concepts, especially quality management and the foundations of its application and use to develop school physical education curricula and programs Strengthening the leadership role of physical education teachers, the participation in development courses to benefit from information technology, and Internet services to serve school sports activity.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Aug 2022 19:30:00 +010
       
  • Measuring the elements of overflow and a sense of creative problems and
           their relationship to ...

    • Abstract:  The research aims to                                                  -        Determining the level of creative thinking elements of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences applicator.                            -        Determining the level of achievement of the faculty of physical education and sports sciences.                                                        -        Describe the relationship between the elements of overflow and the feeling of problems and the achievement of the faculty of physical education and sports sciences.                                                                           The researchers measured the elements of creativity (exhaustion - a sense of problems) and indicated what is the relationship between the elements of creativity and the achievement of the students of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences for the academic year (2021-2022) in the field of physical education in middle and middle schools in Nineveh Governorate.                                                                                 The research community consisted of students of the fourth stage in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences at the University of Mosul for the academic year (2021-2022), whose number is (275), who represent the research community.                                                                       As for the research sample, the researchers relied on (20%) of the research community by relying on experts specialized in the field of measurement and evaluation, and the number of tested students reached (51) and they represent the research sample.                                             The researchers used the Al-Hilali Scale (2009) to measure creative thinking, specifically the Creative Characteristics Scale, which is included in the scale, which consists of (77) paragraphs that measure the elements of flux and sense of problems. Its final score was (50%). The researchers conducted scientific transactions (honesty - stability - objectivity) on the Al-Hilali scale (2009) to ensure the validity of the scale in measuring what was explained for it, knowing that the scale is applied to the Iraqi environment, the university level category, and is used in several previous studies.                             The researchers conducted some exploratory experiments on a sample of the research community and outside the research sample in order to ensure that the students understood the paragraphs of the scale and how to answer them, and then the researchers made the final measurement on the research sample for the period between (1/3/2022) and up to 20/ 3/2022) One of the most prominent results of the research was that there are levels and degrees of creativity elements among the applicants of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, and there is a statistically significant relationship between the degrees of creativity and the achievement of the students of the College of Education and Sports Sciences at the University of Mosul.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Aug 2022 19:30:00 +010
       
  • Anthropometric Growth Card for Primary School Pupils as an Indicator of
           Initial Sports Selection

    • Abstract: Anthropometric Growth Card for Primary School Pupils as an Indicator of Initial Sports SelectionـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــAbstractThe research aims to determine the level of the variables that represents the anthropometric determinants of the initial sports selection. The study also aims to set tables and standard levels for the anthropometric determinant variables, in addition to set an anthropometric card for the initial selection of primary school pupils.The researcher used the descriptive approach by applying the survey method for its suitability to the problem of the study. The sample of the study consisted of (750) pupils which represents (5.24%) of the whole study community. The researcher used questionnaire, measurement and test as means for data collection. The researcher also used arithmetic mean, standard deviation, percentage, simple correlation coefficient, T-test for independent samples, and SPSS program as statistical means to analyze the data of the study.The study reached to build anthropometric determinants card for the primary school pupils as the card showed an evolution in all the anthropometric variables that the study dealt with. The study also reached to build standard levels for the anthropometric variables for the six primary school classes, as all the studied anthropometric variables were within the natural ranges with regard to the arithmetic mean of the sample. The researcher recommended the following:- Adopting the anthropometric card in evaluating the level of anthropometric development for the primary school pupils. - Adopting anthropometric card in directing pupils towards practicing specific sports activities without other activities in accordance
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Oct 2021 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Effect of sport therapy on positive and negative symptoms in schizophrenic
           patient at AL-Rashad ...

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder that can take a chronic course. Treatment options include medication and verbal psychotherapy, but these can have limited effects in the most affected patients. Sport therapy may provide a mean of improving mental health among people with schizophrenia. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study is to examine the therapeutic efficacy of sport therapy on the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS) of the inpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia.SUBJECTS AND METHODSThe study was conducted in AL RASHAD hospital in the city of BAGHADAD for 6 month. It is a single blind randomized controlled trial. 100 male patients between the age of 18-59 years with a diagnosis of schizophrenia according to DSM-5 criteria for at least 2 years duration prior to the beginning of the study were included. RESULTSThe total PANSS scores for the study group were significantly lower than those for the controls group, comparisons also showed that sport therapy affords significant advantages on general psychosocial functioning CONCLUSION AND RECOMENDATION Sport participation may result in reduced psychiatric symptoms in patients with schizophrenia, less relapse and less consuming of different antipsychotic medications.
      PubDate: Tue, 16 Feb 2021 20:30:00 +010
       
  • The response of a number of gas exchange variables to an increasingly
           intense aerobic ...

    • Abstract: The aim of the research is to:• Learn the significance of the differences in gas exchange variables (volume of oxygen consumed (V̇O2), volume of carbon dioxide (V̇CO2), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), metabolic equivalent (METs)) when moving from rest to an aerobic exercise of increasing intensity in children Age (10-12) years.The researchers assumed the following:• The presence of statistically significant differences in the gas exchange variables (volume of oxygen consumed (V̇O2), volume of carbon dioxide (V̇CO2), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), metabolic equivalent (METs)) when moving from rest to an increased intensity aerobic exercise Children . The two researchers used the descriptive method for its suitability and the nature of the study. As for the research sample, it consisted of (10) children of (12-10) years in (Al-Jawadin) primary school from Al-Diwaniyah governorate. The final experiment was conducted under a moderate temperature condition (22 ± 1 ° C) and humidity. Ranging (20-30%) at rest and during physical exertion. The experiment was carried out in the physiological laboratory at the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences / Al-Qadisiyah University.The two researchers concluded:• The intensity gradient of aerobic physical exertion would cause a significant increase in the transition from rest to the air voltage phase, from the air voltage phase to the anaerobic threshold phase, and from the anaerobic threshold phase to the maximum oxygen consumption phase in all gaseous exchange variables (volume of oxygen consumed) V̇O2), volume of carbon dioxide (V̇CO2), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), metabolic equivalent (METs)).
      PubDate: Mon, 23 Nov 2020 20:30:00 +010
       
 
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