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Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1993-9345 - ISSN (Online) 2664-2514
Published by U of Mosul Homepage  [20 journals]
  • Building a scale of some players' motivation to practice wheelchair
           basketball

    • Abstract:     The aim of the research is to build a measure of some of the motivations of the players to practice wheelchair basketball, as well as to identify the most important motives for wheelchair basketball players, and to identify the differences between the motivations of the players to practice wheelchair basketball, and. The researcher adopted the descriptive approach in the survey method and case study. The research community was represented by wheelchair basketball players, whose number is (84) players, and the scale building sample of (40) players was randomly selected and the survey sample numbered (19) players, while the number of the main research sample (the application sample) was (25) players, The researcher used the questionnaire, tests and measurement as measuring tools, and the measure of the motivations of the players to practice wheelchair basketball was prepared, after determining some of its dimensions by presenting the special questionnaire to a group of experts and specialists, as four dimensions were identified (health and physical motives, and social motives. And personal motives, and psychological motives), and the scale paragraphs amounted to (28) paragraphs distributed on the four dimensions, and alternatives answered according to a triple scale (agree, hesitant, disagree). Treating the results by appropriate statistical means. According to the results, the researcher concluded several conclusions, the most important of which is that the members of the research sample have good grades in the scale of some of the motives of the players to practice wheelchair basketball, in addition to the presence of moral differences between some of the motives of the players to practice wheelchair basketball, and one of the most important recommendations is to emphasize the need for Interest in some of the motivations of players to play wheelchair basketball.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Evaluating the Managerial Excellence Characteristics of students'
           Activities Departments ...

    • Abstract: The current research aims at : -       Build a scale of the managerial excellence characteristics for the managers of students' activities departments in the Iraqi Universities from the sport employees' point of view.-       Identifying the level of the managerial excellence characteristics of the student' activities departments managers in the Iraqi Universities from the sport employees' point of view.    The researchers used the descriptive method by surveying. The samples of building and final application included (249) and (166) individuals respectively, who are staff working at the department of students' activities at the Iraqi government universities. In order to obtain the data, a scale was constructed for the managerial excellence characteristics, represented by (innovative vision, self-confidence, & confidence in others, change, the courage to demonstrate the opinions and suggestions and the managerial independence). The two researchers applied the scale after verifying its scientific requirements. Data was processed statistically using some statistical tools like: the arithmatic average, percentage, simple correlation and T test for two independent samples in addition to Alpha Kronbach coefficient.The researchers concluded the following:  -       Obtaining the scale of managerial excellence characteristics for the managers of students' activities departments at the Iraqi government Universities and this scale is effective in terms of measurement.-       Managers of students' activities departments at the Iraqi government universities enjoy a high level of most of the managerial excellence characteristics from the sport employees' point of view who work in these departments except for the change characteristic that was of moderate level.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 20:30:00 +010
       
  • The role of quality services in fitness and bodybuilding halls in the city
           of Mosul from the ...

    • Abstract: The Research goal was to :-       Identify the quality of services in the halls of fitness and bodybuilding in the city of Mosul from the viewpoint of its visitors.    The researchers used the descriptive approach for its relevance to the nature of the research, the research community was a visitor of fitness and bodybuilding halls.The research sample was chosen by the deliberate method, and the research community included the attendants in the halls of fitness and body building in the city of Mosul, whose number were (70) halls distributed on both sides of the right city with (10) halls and the left with (60) halls, and these data were obtained by the researchers through a permission to facilitate the task from the Deanship of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences / University of Mosul to the Iraqi Federation for Body Building in Nineveh Governorate.    Where the applied sample for the research consisted of (100) recipients, the researchers adopted the (Quality of Services Measure in Mosul swimming Pools), which Al-Taweel prepared in its final form, and after the availability of scientific conditions in it, it was applied to the final research sample to obtain data, which were statistically treated through the use of The percentage, the arithmetic mean, and the standard deviation, and the researchers concluded that the quality of services in the fitness and bodybuilding halls in the city of Mosul concentrated between the average and the weak.The researchers concluded that :-       the level of quality of services in the fitness and bodybuilding halls in the city of Mosul ranged from medium to weak.Finally the researchers recommended:-       The need for hall administrations to realize that providing the comfort and convenience to the visitors will bebette through the stability, continuity and the accuracy of the level of services.-       The hall's sight, interior design, and general cleanliness must be with the developments and conditions for the work of these halls.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 20:30:00 +010
       
  • The effect of two different methods According to a Computerized Running
           Training programs for ...

    • Abstract: The study aimed to: -       Detecting the significance of the statistical differences in lactate level in blood and performance in the 400-meter sprint between the pre and post tests after using the method of (speed escalation and distance stabilization) According to a Computerized Running Training programs for interval training .-       Detecting the significance of the statistical differences in lactate level in blood and performance in the 400-meter sprint between the pre and post tests after using the method of (distance escalation and speed stabilization) According to a Computerized Running Training programs for interval training .-       Recognize the significance of the statistical differences in lactate level in blood and performance in a 400-meter sprint between the two methods (speed escalation and distance stabilization)  and (distance escalation and speed stabilization) According to a Computerized Running Training programs for interval training in the post-test .    The researchers used the experimental approach for its convenience to the study nature, and the research experiment was carried out on a sample of short distance runners (junior category) at the Specialized School of Athletics in Nineveh Governorate for the sports season (2019-2020) and they were (12) runners, and this sample was divided into two experimental groups through using the randomization method with (6) runners for each group, The first depends on interval training in the method of (speed escalation and distance stabilization) and the second depends on interval training in the method of (distance escalation and speed stabilization) by relying on a programmed system for the sprint in interval training .The researchers reached the following conclusions: -       Interval training in the method of (speed escalation and distance stabilization) and Interval training in the method of (distance escalation and speed stabilization) made positive progress in lactate level in blood and performance in the 400-meter sprint .-       Despite the positive effect of interval training in the two methods (speed escalation and distance stabilization) and (distance escalation and speed stabilization) there was a relative superiority of interval training in the method of (speed escalation and distance stabilization) in the special endurance consisting of (speed endurance and strength endurance) and performance in Sprint 400 meters .The researchers recommended a set of recommendations, the most important of which are :-       The use of interval training in the method of (speed escalation and distance stabilization) and not being satisfied with the use of interval training in the method (distance escalating and speed stabilization) when training a 400-meter sprint because of its importance in developing the performance in the 400-meter sprint, as well as its creation For functional adaptation in relation to blood lactate level after improvement in performance.-       measuring the level of lactate in the blood in the training of runners from time to time, as a functional indicator that helps in detecting the level of training status and identifying the adaptation and recovery of runners, in order to evaluate the training process.-       The possibility of relying on the Computerized Running Training programs for interval training in designing interval training methods and curricula for all short-distance runners, including 400-meter sprinting for all levels and age groups .
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 20:30:00 +010
       
  • The effect of two educational programs for the techniques of strategic
           thinking to teach the ...

    • Abstract: The aim of the research is the following:-       Designing a program that includes two techniques of strategic thinking of the game of chess and revealing the impact of the program on the development of reflective thinking.    Regarding the research methodology, the researchers used the experimental method for its suitability and the nature of the research. The community of the research represented in age class (13-14) in the city of Mosul, the number of boys were (40750) and the number of girls were (28478) and their total (69228). The researchers adopted the age group of boys as the research community. By the method of drawing lots, the Leaders Secondary School was named as a center for conducting exploratory experiments related to research variables, and Al-Awael Secondary School for conducting an experimental research experiment, as the research sample consisted of (60) students. Then this sample was divided into two groups by lot, each group comprising (30) students, then the two researchers randomly named the two groups also according to the two techniques of strategic thinking, as the number of students in the first experimental group that studies according to the technique of thinking from all directions reached (30) students, while the number of students in the second experimental group that teaches according to the art of thinking scenarios reached (30) students, and (8) students were excluded from the first experimental group and (3) students from the second experimental group due to lack of commitment to the program’s lessons. The total of data members after excluding were (49) students, regarding the experimental design, the two researchers adopted the design of the corresponding groups, and the two researchers conducted the equivalence between the two research groups, the homogeneity of the variance in the dependent variables (aspects of attention, multiple intelligences, and contemplative thinking). Education for both experimental groups, according to their own techniques, by (20) educational units. Then the post-test in reflective thinking was conducted on the research sample in order to obtain the raw data that were statistically treated through the percentage to determine the percentage of experts'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''' agreement, the simple correlation coefficient, Spearman - Brown coefficient, the arithmetic mean, the standard deviation, Levine test, the T- test for two independent samples The T-test for two linked samples, and the statistical package (SPSS) was used to conduct statistical analysis. The results showed the convergence of the impact of each of the strategic thinking program according to thinking techniques from all directions and the strategic thinking program according to the technicality of thinking scenarios in developing reflective thinking (visual vision, disclosure Fallacies, reaching conclusions, giving explanations, developing suggested solutions, and the overall score).                                            In light of the results and conclusions of the research, the researchers recommend the following:                                                                                                    -       Adopting the educational content of the game of chess as a basic material for middle schools for directorates of education.                                                     -       Adopting both the strategic thinking program according to the technique of thinking from all directions and the strategic thinking program according to the art of thinking scenarios in teaching the educational content of the game of chess.Adopting the educational methods used in research in teaching the educational content of the game of chess
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Psychological endurance among students of the College of Physical
           Education and Sports Sciences ...

    • Abstract: The study carried out by the two researchers aimed to identify the degree of psychological endurance among students of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences at the University of Mosul in general, and the research sample consisted of (186) male and female students, from the second, third, and fourth year students. The researchers used the descriptive approach for its suitability with the nature of the current research, and the researchers presented the psychological stress scale prepared by (Al-Dosky, 2017), to a group of (21) experts and specialists in the field of educational psychology, sports psychology, measurement and evaluation. , The researchers obtained an agreement rate of (80%) on the validity of using the scale in the current research, and the opinions of some experts with precise specialization in the field of sports psychology were taken, where the researchers reformulated some paragraphs and adapted them to suit the current research sample. Without this modification affecting or disturbing the general meaning of the paragraph, and after conducting scientific transactions, the validity of the scale was extracted using the apparent validity method, and its stability was confirmed using the Alpha-Kornbach method. Psychological endurance, and after collecting and unloading the data, the researchers analyzed them statistically using the statistical analysis program (SPSS). Mosul are characterized by a high degree of psychological endurance in general, and the researchers recommended the necessity of paying attention to the psychological aspect through activating and teaching psychology from the first school year to the fourth academic year of the university stage and giving it great priority and attention, and it is worth noting that this study was conducted during the extended time period (From 11/26/2020 to 23/4/2021)
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Acomparative study in the criteria for selecting a sports educational
           supervisor for teachers ...

    • Abstract:     This study dealt with a comparison in the criteria for selecting educational supervisors and specialists (according to the number of years of experience). The two researchers used the descriptive approach, where the research community included (514) supervisors and supervisors, and the researcher presented a questionnaire on a sample of the community amounted to (294) supervisors, and the research tool included Resolution on (8), eight axes, for the selection of new educational supervisors in terms of the number of years of experience, The results showed that there are significant differences between the two variables, (less than 5 years and from 5 years to 10 years), in favor of a variable (from 5 years to 10 years), and between (5 to 10 years - more than 10 years), and the results showed no differences. Significant significance between these two variables, and between (more than 10 years - less than 5 years), and the results showed that there are significant differences between these variables, and in favor of a variable (more than 10 years).
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Evaluation of simple inferential statistics methods for descriptive
           master's research In the ...

    • Abstract: The aim of the search is that:- Identifying the distribution of simple inferential statistical methods used by master's students in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences at the University of Mosul, according to their scientific orientations.- Recognizing the relevance of statistical methods (simple descriptive and inferential and advanced inferential) used for the standards that must be available in the researches of master's students in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences at the University of Mosul.The researchers used the descriptive analytical and documentary method, and the sample consisted of master’s theses in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences at the University of Mosul, which numbered (167), while the researchers developed a list of criteria, on the basis of which the research tool was developed, which is the analysis card, while the statistical means included repetition and percentage. The most important results of the research included:- The simple inferential statistics methods were arranged in terms of use (two independent samples t-test, one-sample analysis of variance, one-sample t-test, t-test for related samples and KA2-test for two independent samples, Fisher LSD test, Duncan test, Z-test, Shiv test, correlation coefficient partial, Kolmokrov-Smirnov test), respectively.- Compatibility (Z-test, Kolmokrov-Smirnov test, Fisher L.S.D test, Duncan test, Scheffe test) and established criteria, which means the accuracy of their use. The simple inferential statistics methods (two independent t-test, one-sample analysis of variance, one-sample t-test, correlated samples t-test and Ka2 test, partial correlation coefficient, Kolmokrov-Smirnov test) showed their inappropriateness to some of the criteria set for use.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 20:30:00 +010
       
  • A comparative study of the ego strength of physical education teachers in
           Nineveh education

    • Abstract: The research aims to find out what follows : -       degree of ego strength among physical education teachers in Nineveh education. -       the differences in the degree of ego strength between public school teachers and private school teachers. -       the differences in the degree of ego strength between male and female teachers.  The researchers hypothesized: -       Physical education teachers have a positive degree of ego strength. -       There are no significant differences in the degree of ego strength between public school teachers and private school teachers. -       There are no significant differences in the degree of ego strength between male and female teachers The researchers concluded: -       Physical education teachers in Nineveh education have a positive degree of ego strength. -       Physical education teachers in private schools have a higher degree of ego strength than public school teachers. -       There were no differences in the degree of ego strength between male and female physical education teachers in Nineveh Education. The researchers recommended: -       Creating a balanced educational and educational environment in public schools in order to raise the degree of ego strength of physical education teachers and thus raise the educational and educational level in Nineveh education . -       Conducting other studies to identify the reasons and motives behind the low degree of ego strength of physical education teachers in government schools in Nineveh education . -       Conducting studies on the degree of ego strength for teachers of other disciplines .
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Construct and application of the sports subjective vitality scale for
           special secondary school ...

    • Abstract: The study aimed to:-       Build a scale of subjective vitality sports in the sports field for the special   secondary school students in the sports center in the city of Mosul.-       Recognizing the degree of subjective vitality sports secondary  of  school students who excel in sports in the city center of Mosul.    The study was conducted on the research community of special   secondary high school students participating in school sports activities in the city of Mosul, whose number is according to the records of the sports teams of physical education teachers in the two secondary schools (230) students in both secondary schools who participate in school sports activities, and the construction sample reached (140 students representing (61%) of the research community, while the application sample amounted to (50) students representing (22%) of the researchers community. As for the exploratory experiment sample, it amounted to (10) students representing (4%), and the sample The stability has reached (30) students, representing (13%), and the researcher used the statistical methods measured in the (spss) system to obtain the research data, which included(arithmetic mean, standard deviation, t-test for two independent samples, Pearson correlation coefficient, percentage.andCronbach’s alpha coefficient, The researchers concluded: -       The effectiveness of the subjective vitality measure applied to the members of the research sample of the athletes students in the two special  secondary schools in the city center of Mosul-       The members of the research sample of the students participating in the internal and external sports activities have a good level of self-vitality.The researchers recommended:-       Conducting other studies and research on the subjective vitality sports variable on a sample of student athletes, whether in individual or team games.-       Conducting studies and research on students who are practicing and non-practicing in sports activities
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Positive strengths of personality for Nineveh governorate players clubs of
           Football

    • Abstract:     The goal of the research is to construct a positive strengths of personality for Nineveh governorate players clubs of   football, and the researchers used the descriptive approach to its  suitability with the nature of the research .The community of the research were from first and second class rank in Nineveh's football season (2020,2021) , the players were about  (595) players distributed on (32) universities supported by football minor federation in Nineveh to check that  the search creation ,sample construction included (19) clubs in a random manner of  the (425)-year-old community, which ranged(%71.42) of the communities research. The researchers received ( 336 ) valid statistical analysis and (%92.5) of the main construction sample as well as excluding (29) players for lack of answers to the scales of the scale  according with the scientific basis of the methods of measurements . The researcher used (Spss  )as well as ( excel version 2016) (the percentage, , the arithmetic mean, the standard deviation, the simple correlating coefficient (Person), T-test , difference analysis), in the light of the statistical Processing, the researchers came to conclude that, the positive strength scale has been proved  a high effectiveness for personality  as to construct it in an  accurate scientific specifications.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 20:30:00 +010
       
  • The effect of using the round robin in learn the art of performing some
           volleyball skills and ...

    • Abstract: The current study aims at: -       Identifying the statistically significant differences of some skills variables for the handball players between the pre-test and the post-test of the experimental group.-       Identifying the statistical significant differences of some skill variables for the handball players between the controlling and experimental groups in the post-test.In order to verify the objectives of the research, the researchers put forwards the following: -       There are significant differences in some skill variables for the handball players between the pre-test and the post-test for the experimental group in favor of the post-test.-       Identifying the statistical significant differences of some skill variables for the handball players between the controlling and experimental groups in favor of the experimental group.The researchers used the experimental methodology as it suits the nature of the research and the experiment was conducted for a sample that includes AlFotuwwa club handball players, whom were tested using the deliberate method and divided randomly into two groups (the experimental and the controlling groups) and each of the groups consisted of (10) players for each group. Homogeneity and equivalence were achieved in the two groups of the research in terms of the (age, height and weight) variables in addition to the variables determined by the relevant specialists. The experimental design that is called the design of the controlling group with random selection with pre-test and post-test .The procedures of the research involved press and role-exchange exercises with a competitive style and these exercises were applied to the experimental group.  In light of the results reached, the researchers drew the following conclusions:-       The press and role-exchange exercises using the competition style developed all the skill variables through comparing the results of the pre-tests and post-tests of the experimental group.-       The program prepared by the coach resulted in developing the skills of (zigzag Dribbling, long pass, defensive movements back and forth and scoring at the squares 9 meters).The experimental group, which used the press and role-exchange exercises with the competitive style, achieved a better development than the controlling group, which used the program prepared by the coach, in terms of all the skill variables tackled by the research and that was through comparing the results of the post-tests of the experimental and the controlling groups
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 20:30:00 +010
       
  • The Sports Commitment of the players in Some Team Games

    • Abstract: The aim of the search is to:-       Prepare a Scale of sports commitment among players in some team games.-       identify the Scale of sports commitment among players in some team games.    The researchers used the descriptive approach for its relevance and the nature of the research, as the sample of the research amounted to (170) players, including the stability sample of (40) players, and (8) players for the purposes of the exploratory experiment, while the distinction sample amounted to (120) players, as the research sample represents a percentage of (56,66%) of the research community, and the application sample amounted to (30) players, who were chosen by random method, and the sports commitment scale was prepared after applying the scientific statistical tool. In addition, the researcher used the statistical package (SPSS) to obtain (arithmetic mean, standard deviation, and Pearson’s simple correlation coefficient), Spearman-Brown equation, t-test, chi-square, percentage, and hypothetical mean). The researchers reached the following conclusions:-       Appropriateness of the measure of sports commitment among players in some team games, which was prepared by the researchers in accordance with the scientific principles for the designing of sports standards.-       The team games players have a degree of sports commitment higher than the hypothetical average of the scale and that the players possess a high level of sports commitment, which indicates that the players have a high degree of commitment.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Build a test to measure the skill of the forehand and slow backhand for
           table tennis players

    • Abstract: The aim of the research is to design a test to measure the skill of the forehand and backhand slow backhand, and the researchers used the descriptive approach where they analyzed the content of the sources and standing on the tests of the basic skills in the game of table tennis. The proposed amendments were then conducted exploratory experiments, the aim of which was to identify the scientific transactions of this test of honesty, stability, objectivity and suitability to the research sample. It was applied to the Premier League clubs in the northern region, numbering (31) players. For the test in which the scientific transactions of validity, stability and objectivity are available, and the researchers recommended using this test to measure and evaluate the level of performance of the forehand and slow backhand stroke skill at high levels and for the category of applicants Through research and investigation about the nature of the tests in table tennis, the researchers found that the game lacks the existence of such a test, which confirmed the need to take a step in building this test.The researchers concluded:. has been reached- A test to measure the accuracy of the skill of the front and back slow stroke, in which the parameters of honesty, stability, objectivity and relevance are available, and it is suitable for use for high levels and for the category of applicants in the game of table tennis.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 20:30:00 +010
       
  • The effect of the capacity-building program in primary and secondary
           education (external ...

    • Abstract:     Significant changes are occurring in the education system in Iraq. These changes aim to ensure the improvement of the quality of education in schools in cooperation with the British Council, as this council is one of the leading international organizations in the United Kingdom specialized in the field of education and cultural relations, as every school in central and southern Iraq received An external evaluation by a committee of three educational supervisors in the academic year ( 2018-2019 ) , and year( 2019-2020 ) where the evaluation process provided, for the first time, an objective assessment of each school's performance and effectiveness in accordance with the twenty-five standards for schools. The research aims to identify the degree of annual evaluation of the physical education teacher according to the form of performance evaluation after the application of the program. The researcher used the experimental method for its suitability to the nature of the research. The research community included teachers of sports education in the representation of the Ministry of Education in Erbil, whose number is (102) and distributed over (116) schools. The research sample included (10) teachers distributed among 10 schools for the displaced, namely (Al-Wehdah, Al-Shams 3, Al-Shams 1, Lana Al-Ahlia, Hataw, the Emirates Martyrs, Sejala, Al-Huwaira, Al-Muzaffariyah, Salah Al-Din). The data were statistically treated and the researcher reached the validity of a program External evaluation in increasing the annual evaluation scores of physical education teacher.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 20:30:00 +010
       
  • The importance of investing in colleges and departments of physical
           education and sports ...

    • Abstract: Today, the faculties of physical education and sports sciences strive to meet the modern global changes and challenges that are expected of them. It is certain that physical education and sports sciences are among the active areas in society that affect and are affected by it. The problem of the research lies in that the mathematical process does not proceed steadily and balanced on the one hand, and on the other hand there is a lot of shortage of material resources, if not non-existent, knowing that there are many sponsors and supporters, and on the other hand the lack of sufficient awareness in the field of investment in the bodies or colleges Sports and its divisions, and the lack of sport as an area of investment within the investment plan and the lack of sufficient awareness and studies that help understand the sports investment strategy in the Kurdistan region of Iraq. The objectives of the research are to identify the importance of sports investment in colleges and departments of education and sports sciences in the Kurdistan region of Iraq from the point of view of its teaching organization and its administrative staff.    The researcher used the descriptive method in the survey method, for its suitability to the nature of the research. As for the research community and its samples, the research community included all teachers and administrators from all colleges and departments of physical education and sports sciences in the Kurdistan region and included 17 public universities and 19 private universities. Physical Education and Sports Science in the Kurdistan Region - Iraq. And members of some administrative bodies who have administrative positions in colleges and sports departments in all their classifications, where the number of all teachers and administrators reached (406). The researcher used the percentage, arithmetic averages, correlation coefficient, standard deviations, statistical treatments
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 20:30:00 +010
       
  • The Organizational Trust of the heads the Sports Organization in Nineveh
           from the viewpoint ...

    • Abstract:     The study aims at Constructa measure of organizational Trust in sports organizations in Nineveh and Identify the dimensions level of organizational Trust for the heads in sports organizations. By members Administrative staffs . Descriptive approach, through survey method. The study sample was consisted of two parts, the first of which consist of the construction sample (106) of the members while the second part consist of the applied sample (112) of the members.  In order to achieve the study aims, organizational trust measure constructed by the researcher is used consisting of (29) items distributed among fife dimensions. Data are statistically treated using theatrical scope,. In addition, T test for two independent sampl T test for one sample, Pearson correlation coefficient, Gentman equation, alpha coefficient, mean, also used as statistical means The study sums up - Build a measure of organizational trust for sports in Nineveh  - The heads Sports organization ( federation-sport teams) have high organizational trust by members with worker according to fife  dimensions (Objectives Delegation, Centralization Decentralization in decision- making Leading, and Controlling .
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Evaluating the professional competence of physical education teachers from
           the point of view of ...

    • Abstract: The Aims of the Research:     The research aims to identify the reality of the professional competencies of physical education teachers from the viewpoint of the specialized supervisors in Nineveh Governorate, and to reveal the differences in the professional competencies of physical education teachers from the viewpoint of the specialized supervisors in Nineveh Governorate. The nature of the research, the research sample was chosen in a deliberate way from the 12 specialized supervisors (Physical Education) in the General Directorate of Nineveh Education for the academic year (2019-2020).     The researchers used a standardized scale (Mahmoud, 2011) to measure the professional competencies of physical education teachers, which consisted of (24) items, and after presenting it to a number of experts and specialists to show its suitability for the research procedures. As for the keys for correction, the researchers relied on three alternatives (weak, medium, high). And grades (1, 2, 3) were given, respectively, after which the data were processed by using the statistical bag (spss) to find out: (arithmetic mean, standard deviation, hypothetical mean), the research reached the following conclusion:   - The low level of professional competencies for physical education teachers, as it was a weak degree from the point of view of the specialized supervisors (Physical Education).
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 20:30:00 +010
       
  • A contrastive study in some body measurements and functional variables
           between the goal keepers ...

    • Abstract: The research aims to:-       Identify the differences in the morphological and functional variables between soccer goalkeepers and futsal soccer goalkeepers.The researchers hypothesized the following:-       There are significant differences in the morphological and functional variables between soccer goalkeepers and futsal soccer goalkeepers.    The researchers used the descriptive method in a comparative method for its suitability to the nature of the research. The research community consisted of football goalkeepers in the northern region of the clubs (Al-Fatwa Al-Riyadi, Nineveh workers, Nineveh, Mosul, Mosul youth, Balad, Ashti), which were numbered (10) guards, and Marmara futsal guards for the clubs, which were numbered (10) and thus the research sample consisted of (20) goalkeepers  the researchers used the following methods to collect informationMorphological measurements, which are divided into (anthropometric measurements and body building variables), Functional measurementsThe researchers concluded the following:-       Football coaches and futsal coaches in selecting players are depending  on the variable total body length and the variable of leg height.-       Football coaches and futsal coaches are indifferent about the importance of functional variables in the selection process.-       There is no separation between soccer goalkeeper exercises and soccer goalkeeper exercises for futsal, and this was reflected in the results of the comparison in the functional variables
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 20:30:00 +010
       
  • The effect of the learning strategy under the guidance of the triple peers
           in reducing ...

    • Abstract:     The aim of the research is to prepare a measure of cognitive failure in volleyball for students, as well as to identify the effect of the learning strategy under the guidance of triple peers in reducing cognitive failure and learning the skills of preparation and receiving transmissions for volleyball for students. Of the students of the second stage in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - University of Babylon for the academic year (2021-2022), The research sample was divided into two groups, one experimental and the other controlling, with (15) students per group. and receiving volleyball transmissions), after which the vocabulary of the learning strategy was implemented under the guidance of the triple peers on the experimental group for a period of (5) weeks, With a number of (2) two units per week, while the time of the educational unit was (90) minutes, and after the completion of the period of implementation, the post tests were conducted for all the research variables, and in light of the results that the data were processed statistically, the two researchers reached several conclusions, the most important of which was, The triple peer-guided learning strategy has an effective role in reducing cognitive failure and learning and preparing and receiving transmission skills for students, in addition to the superiority of the experimental group that used the triple peer-guided learning strategy over the control group that learned with the adopted curriculum, In light of these conclusions, the researchers recommended the necessity of adopting a learning strategy with the guidance of the tripartite peers in the educational units of volleyball, as well as emphasizing that volleyball teachers be informed of modern strategies in learning the skills of this game, especially the skills of preparation and transmission reception.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 20:30:00 +010
       
 
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