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Journal of New Studies in Sport Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)

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Frontiers in Sports and Active Living
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2624-9367
Published by Frontiers Media Homepage  [96 journals]
  • The global evolution of talent promotion within Olympic sports: A focus on
           the national systems and contribution of the former German Democratic
           Republic, Australia, and the United Kingdom

    • Authors: Juanita R. Weissensteiner
      Abstract: In this chapter we chronicle and explore the global evolution of national level talent promotion through the lens and respective journeys of the former German Democratic Republic, Australia and the United Kingdom. Whilst ideologically vastly different, core elements of talent promotion were mirrored and extended within the next national iteration. Key learnings obtained from this historical and comparative exploration serve to provide excellent learnings for policy makers, strategists, practitioners and researchers to support the review and development of current and future national talent promotion systems.
      PubDate: 2023-02-02T00:00:00Z
       
  • Biomechanical strategies to maximize gait attractiveness among women

    • Authors: Hiroko Tanabe, Keisuke Fujii, Naotsugu Kaneko, Hikaru Yokoyama, Kimitaka Nakazawa
      Abstract: Physical attractiveness is a key factor in social communication, and through this communication process, we attractively brand and express ourselves. Thus, this study investigated the biomechanical strategies used by women to express gait attractiveness. Our aim was to extend the current literature by examining this aspect of dynamic motion from the perspective of expressed, rather than perceived attractiveness. In this regard, we obtained motion capture data from 17 women, including seven professional fashion models. The participants walked on a treadmill under two conditions: 1) a normal condition in which they were instructed to walk as casually as possible; and 2) an attractive-conscious condition where they were asked to walk as attractively as possible. Then, we used whole-body kinematic data to represent motion energy at each joint, flexibility of the upper body, and the up-down/forward-backward silhouettes of the limbs, and compared these parameters between the two conditions by using statistical parametric mapping. During the attractive-conscious condition, the non-model women increased the energy of the hip and thoracolumbar joints, which emphasized the motions of their bosoms and buttocks. They also increased their upper body flexibility (possibly reflecting fertility) and continued to face front and downward. Conversely, although the fashion models partially shared the same strategy with the non-models (e.g., hip energy, upper body flexibility, and head bending downward), the strategy of the former was prominent in the stretching of the knee during the push-off phase and pulling the upper arm back, allowing them to showcase their youth and emphasize their chests. In addition, the fashion models used a wider variety of strategies to express their gait attractiveness. The findings indicate that the biomechanical strategy used to express gait attractiveness in women involves showcasing femininity, fertility, and youth. Our results not only deepen the understanding of human movement for self-expression through gait attractiveness, but they also help us comprehend self-branding behavior in human social life.
      PubDate: 2023-02-02T00:00:00Z
       
  • Editorial: Highlights in sports science, technology and engineering
           2021/22

    • Authors: Peter Düking, Pietro Picerno, Valentina Camomilla, Laura Gastaldi, Billy Sperlich
      PubDate: 2023-02-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Inclusive community playgrounds benefit typically developing children: An
           objective analysis of physical
           activity|Purpose|Methods|Results|Conclusions

    • Authors: Wilshaw R. Stevens, Justine M. Borchard, Paige Sleeper, Dana Dempsey, Kelly A. Jeans, Chan-Hee Jo, Kirsten Tulchin-Francis
      Abstract: PurposeLimited research is available on the physical activity levels of children while playing on an inclusive playground, specifically designed to accommodate children with physical disabilities. The aims of this study were to objectively measure ambulatory activity and heart rate (HR) of children during unstructured play on an inclusive community playground.MethodsTypically developing children at least 4 years of age were recruited to play freely upon entering the playground. Participants wore a StepWatch4 Activity Monitor and a Polar V800 Sport Watch. Ambulatory measures included total steps, percentage of recommended steps, total ambulatory time (TAT), bout intensity levels/duration periods. Time spent in HR zones and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was determined.Results95 children (48 males; Avg. age: 7 ± 2 years.) were included in this study. Children played for 31.8 ± 14.7 min., were ambulatory for 25.9 ± 12.0 min., took 1826 ± 824 steps, and accumulated 17 ± 8% of the recommended daily step count. Ambulatory bout intensity was predominantly lower intensity and bout durations varied in length. 99% of the play time was spent at a moderate HR or higher. Significant correlations were found between ambulatory and HR measures (ρ range from 0.23 to 0.99, p 
      PubDate: 2023-02-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Effect of difficulty of task on throwing performance and coping strategies
           in team handball

    • Authors: Roland van den Tillaar, Christopher Hope
      Abstract: In this study the effect of level of opposition on throwing performance and coping strategies in the jump throw was examined in elite, amateur, and adolescent players in team handball. Twenty four participants consisting of 13 female elite junior handball players (age: 15.5 ± 0.7 years; height: 1.72 ± 0.07 m; body mass: 64.2 ± 7.0 kg; years of handball experience: 8.4 ± 1.76 years) and 11 senior recreational female handball players (age: 19.5 ± 1.04 years; height: 1.68 ± 0.08 m; body mass: 65.2 ± 9.3 kg; years of handball experience: 11 ± 2.61 years) performed ten jump throws under four conditions: (1) without opposition; (2) with a passive opponent; (3) with an opponent moving sideways; and (4) with a defender who was instructed to be unpredictable without physical contact with the thrower. Ball velocity and accuracy were measured for every throw together with answering a questionnaire consisting of 18 questions after each condition to investigate if coping strategies changed with increasing difficulty of task and if this was different for playing level. The main findings were that ball velocity and accuracy decreased when opposition was introduced, but with no differences when the opposition moved only sideways or unpredictably (forwards and/or sideways), similarly for both groups. Furthermore, the level had no influence on the coping strategies or a relationship with either of these coping strategies, but the avoidance coping strategy scored lower than the other two categories for both groups. It was concluded that level of opposition had a negative effect on throwing velocity and accuracy in elite junior and recreational level senior players which was probably caused by the change of given attention to one target (overcome opponent), which leaves less available for others (throwing velocity and accuracy). Furthermore, coping strategies did not change or have any correlation with throwing performance, indicating that these strategies seem to be influenced by trait and that most players mainly used problem- and emotional-focused coping strategies and less avoidance strategies when dealing with the level of opposition.
      PubDate: 2023-02-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Corrigendum: Hidden figures: Revisiting doping prevalence estimates
           previously reported for two major international sport events in the
           context of further empirical evidence and the extant literature

    • Authors: Andrea Petróczi, Maarten Cruyff, Olivier de Hon, Dominic Sagoe, Martial Saugy
      PubDate: 2023-01-31T00:00:00Z
       
  • Beyond physiology: Acute effects of side-alternating whole-body vibration
           on well-being, flexibility, balance, and cognition using a light and
           portable platform A randomized controlled trial

    • Authors: Yannik Faes, Cornelia Rolli Salathé, Marina Luna Herlig, Achim Elfering
      Abstract: A good body-balance helps to prevent slips, trips and falls. New body-balance interventions must be explored, because effective methods to implement daily training are sparse. The purpose of the current study was to investigate acute effects of side-alternating whole-body vibration (SS-WBV) training on musculoskeletal well-being, flexibility, body balance, and cognition. In this randomized controlled trial, participants were randomly allocated into a verum (8.5 Hz, SS-WBV, N = 28) or sham (6 Hz, SS-WBV, N = 27) condition. The training consisted of three SS-WBV series that lasted one-minute each with two one-minute breaks in between. During the SS-WBV series, participants stood in the middle of the platform with slightly bent knees. During the breaks in between, participants could loosen up. Flexibility (modified fingertip-to-floor method), balance (modified Star Excursion Balance Test), and cognitive interference (Stroop Color Word Test) were tested before and after the exercise. Also, musculoskeletal well-being, muscle relaxation, sense of flexibility, sense of balance, and surefootedness were assessed in a questionnaire before and after the exercise. Musculoskeletal well-being was significantly increased only after verum. Also, muscle relaxation was significantly higher only after verum. The Flexibility-Test showed significant improvement after both conditions. Accordingly, sense of flexibility was significantly increased after both conditions. The Balance-Test showed significant improvement after verum, and after sham. Accordingly, increased sense of balance was significant after both conditions. However, surefootedness was significantly higher only after verum. The Stroop-Test showed significant improvement only after verum. The current study shows that one SS-WBV training session increases musculoskeletal well-being, flexibility, body balance and cognition. The abundance of improvements on a light and portable platform has great influence on the practicability of training in daily life, aiming to prevent slip trips and falls at work.
      PubDate: 2023-01-30T00:00:00Z
       
  • Kinematic, arm-stroke efficiency, coordination, and energetic parameters
           of the 400-m front-crawl test: A meta-analysis

    • Authors: Ricardo de Assis Correia, Wellington Gomes Feitosa, Flávio Antônio de Souza Castro
      Abstract: Several studies have investigated biomechanical and energetic parameters in competitive swimming. Among these studies, it is possible to identify the 400-m front crawl as a useful test to assess these parameters. The present study provided a meta-analysis assessing representative variables for the kinematic, arm-stroke efficiency, coordination, and energetic parameters of the 400-m front crawl test. PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and SPORTDiscus were the databases used to select the studies published between January 1970 and December 2022. Forty studies (n = 651 swimmers) were selected according to the eligibility and inclusion criteria. The variables chosen to represent each parameter were: clean swim speed (kinematics); index of coordination (coordination); arm-stroke efficiency (efficiency); and oxygen consumption (energetic). Swimming speed was moderate (1.34 m s−1) compared to the world's records performers. Thus, this speed contributed for the swimmers in remaining at high efficiency (35%), imposing a capture coordination model (index of coordination: −11%) with high oxygen consumption (58.8 ml·kg−1 min−1). High heterogeneity (>75%) was found among the outcome parameters in the studies. The different average speeds that represented the kinematic parameters seem to be the most responsible and influential in the arm-stroke efficiency, coordination, and energetic parameters for high 400-m freestyle (front crawl) performance. This meta-analysis can help researchers, coaches, and swimmers improving competitive performance, and developing further research in the sports sciences area, specifically in the swimming.
      PubDate: 2023-01-26T00:00:00Z
       
  • Accelerometer-derived physical activity and sedentary behaviors in
           individuals with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes: A cross-sectional study
           from the Danish nationwide DD2
           cohort|Introduction|Methods|Results|Conclusion

    • Authors: Sidsel L. Domazet, Jakob Tarp, Reimar W. Thomsen, Kurt Højlund, Jacob V. Stidsen, Jan C. Brønd, Anders Grøntved, Jens Steen Nielsen
      Abstract: IntroductionHabitual physical activity behaviors of individuals with new-onset type 2 diabetes are largely unknown. We aimed to investigate accelerometer-derived physical activity behaviors in individuals with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. We also examined sociodemographic and health-related correlates of a high-risk physical activity profile.MethodsThis cross-sectional study used data from 768 participants enrolled in an intervention study nested within the Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 diabetes (DD2) cohort. Physical activity was assessed by 24-h dual monitor accelerometry. Prevalence ratios of having a high-risk physical activity profile were estimated using Poisson regression adjusted for age and sex.ResultsStudy participants spent on average 9.7 (25th and 75th percentiles, 8.3; 11.1) hours/day sitting, walked for 1.1 (0.8; 1.6) hours/day and accumulated 4,000 (2,521; 5,864) steps/day. Still, 62% met the recommendations for physical activity. Characteristics associated with a high-risk physical activity profile (observed in 24.5% of participants) included older age, higher body mass index (BMI), unemployment, retirement, comorbidities, and current smoking. Hence, participants aged 60–69, 70–79 and 80+ years had prevalence ratios of 2.12 (95% CI 1.31; 3.42), 1.99 (1.18; 3.34) and 3.09 (1.42; 6.75) for a high-risk activity profile, respectively, versus participants
      PubDate: 2023-01-25T00:00:00Z
       
  • Subtle impairments of perceptual-motor function and well-being are
           detectable among military cadets and college athletes with self-reported
           history of concussion|Introduction|Methods|Results|Discussion/Conclusion

    • Authors: Gary B. Wilkerson, Marisa A. Colston, Shellie N. Acocello, Jennifer A. Hogg, Lynette M. Carlson
      Abstract: IntroductionA lack of obvious long-term effects of concussion on standard clinical measures of behavioral performance capabilities does not preclude the existence of subtle neural processing impairments that appear to be linked to elevated risk for subsequent concussion occurrence, and which may be associated with greater susceptibility to progressive neurodegenerative processes. The purpose of this observational cohort study was to assess virtual reality motor response variability and survey responses as possible indicators of suboptimal brain function among military cadets and college athletes with self-reported history of concussion (HxC).MethodsThe cohort comprised 75 college students (20.7 ± 2.1 years): 39 Reserve Officer Training Corp (ROTC) military cadets (10 female), 16 football players, and 20 wrestlers; HxC self-reported by 20 (29.2 ± 27.1 months prior, range: 3–96). A virtual reality (VR) test involving 40 lunging/reaching responses to horizontally moving dots (filled/congruent: same direction; open/incongruent: opposite direction) was administered, along with the Sport Fitness and Wellness Index (SFWI) survey. VR Dispersion (standard deviation of 12 T-scores for neck, upper extremity, and lower extremity responses to congruent vs. incongruent stimuli originating from central vs. peripheral locations) and SFWI response patterns were the primary outcomes of interest.ResultsLogistic regression modeling of VR Dispersion (range: 1.5–21.8), SFWI (range: 44–100), and an interaction between them provided 81% HxC classification accuracy (Model χ2[2] = 26.03, p 
      PubDate: 2023-01-25T00:00:00Z
       
  • The effect of small-sided games using the FIT LIGHT training system on
           some harmonic abilities and some basic skills of basketball
           players|Introduction|Methods|Results and Discussion

    • Authors: Ahmed K. Hassan, Mohammed S. Alibrahim, Yasser Abdul Rashid Sayed Ahmed
      Abstract: IntroductionThe aim of this research is to identify the effect of Small-sided games using the FITLIGHT training system on some of the harmonic abilities and some of the basic skills of basketball Players.MethodsThe researchers used the experimental method on 24 basketball players. They were randomly divided into two groups: one experimental (n = 12, age = 10.92 ± 0.79 years; height = 138.50 ± 2.78 cm; weight = 40.25 ± 2.01 kg) and a control group (n = 12, age = 11.17 ± 0. 72 years; length = 139.92 ± 3.53 cm; weight = 40.50 ± . 1.73 kg). The homogeneity between the two groups was calculated and showed that there were no differences between the two samples. In the research variables, the proposed program was applied for 10 weeks at the rate of 4 weekly training units.Results and DiscussionThe proposed training program had a positive impact on the harmonic abilities and basic skills of basketball players and the differences in improvement rates for all variables were in favor of the experimental group. Therefore, the research suggests that Small-sided games using FITLIGHT positively affect all the variables under research. This leads to significant differences between the post-tests and benefits the experimental group.
      PubDate: 2023-01-24T00:00:00Z
       
  • Look to the stars—Is there anything that public health and
           rehabilitation can learn from elite sports'

    • Authors: Grégoire P. Millet, Karim Chamari
      PubDate: 2023-01-23T00:00:00Z
       
  • Sequencing patterns of ventilatory indices in less trained adults

    • Authors: Martin Pühringer, Susanne Ring-Dimitriou, Bernhard Iglseder, Vanessa Frey, Eugen Trinka, Bernhard Paulweber
      Abstract: Submaximal ventilatory indices, i.e., point of optimal ventilatory efficiency (POE) and anaerobic threshold (AT), are valuable indicators to assess the metabolic and ventilatory response during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). The order in which the ventilatory indices occur (ventilatory indices sequencing pattern, VISP), may yield additional information for the interpretation of CPET results and for exercise intensity prescription. Therefore, we determined whether different VISP groups concerning POE and AT exist. Additionally, we analysed fat metabolism via the exercise intensity eliciting the highest fat oxidation rate (Fatmax) as a possible explanation for differences between VISP groups. 761 less trained adults (41–68 years) completed an incremental exercise test on a cycle ergometer until volitional exhaustion. The ventilatory indices were determined using automatic and visual detection methods, and Fatmax was determined using indirect calorimetry. Our study identified two VISP groups with a lower work rate at POE compared to AT in VISPPOE 
      PubDate: 2023-01-23T00:00:00Z
       
  • The 3Ps: A tool for coach observation

    • Authors: Jamie Taylor, Áine MacNamara, Dave Collins
      Abstract: There is growing recognition of the value of “in situ” coach development practice across a variety sporting contexts. Unfortunately, however, there remains a limited number of tools available with which to observe coaching practice. In this study, we pilot and test a quasi-systematic tool for observation in the form of the 3Ps. Drawing on a range of representational perspectives, the theoretically neutral labels of “procedure”, “planning”, and “process” were developed for the purpose of holistic observation. In order to test the tool, a group of experienced coach development practitioners (n = 10) integrated the tool into their practice over a 12-month programme of professional development. Those participants subsequently took part in semi-structured interviews, in which they expressed a strong sense of acceptability, perceiving effectiveness and positive opportunity cost. We propose that the 3Ps tool presents a holistic and practically useful means of observing coaches’ professional judgment and decision making. We also suggest future directions for the researcher who seeks to generate evidence in a naturalistic coaching context.
      PubDate: 2023-01-20T00:00:00Z
       
  • Effect of acute ankle experimental pain on lower limb motor control
           assessed by the modified star excursion balance
           test|Introduction|Methods|Results|Conclusion

    • Authors: Michaël Bertrand-Charette, Jean-Sébastien Roy, Laurent J. Bouyer
      Abstract: IntroductionFollowing most musculoskeletal injuries, motor control is often altered. Acute pain has been identified as a potential contributing factor. However, there is little evidence of this interaction for acute pain following ankle sprains. As pain is generally present following this type of injury, it would be important to study the impact of acute pain on ankle motor control. To do so, a valid and reliable motor control test frequently used in clinical settings should be used. Therefore, the objective of this study was therefore to assess the effect of acute ankle pain on the modified Star Excursion Balance Test reach distance.MethodsUsing a cross-sectional design, 48 healthy participants completed the modified Star Excursion Balance Test twice (mSEBT1 and mSEBT2). Following the first assessment, they were randomly assigned to one of three experimental groups: Control (no stimulation), Painless (non-nociceptive stimulation) and Painful (nociceptive stimulation). Electrodes were placed on the right lateral malleolus to deliver an electrical stimulation during the second assessment for the Painful and Painless groups. A generalized estimating equations model was used to compare the reach distance between the groups/conditions and assessments.ResultsPost-hoc test results: anterior (7.06 ± 1.54%; p 
      PubDate: 2023-01-18T00:00:00Z
       
  • Editorial: Highlights in sport and exercise nutrition 2021/22

    • Authors: David C. Nieman, Stacy T. Sims, Laurel M. Wentz, Miguel Mariscal-Arcas
      PubDate: 2023-01-18T00:00:00Z
       
  • Improvement of the ability to recover balance through versatile
           kinesthetic learning experiences

    • Authors: Yuki Matsuura, Masahiro Kokubu, Yosuke Sakairi
      Abstract: The purpose of the present study was to compare learners' movement variability while maintaining balance and the ability to recover balance using the kinesthetic-experiential learning (KEL) method of implicit learning and the model-mastery learning (MML) method of explicit learning. The participants were 29 healthy university students. They were randomly divided into two groups (KEL and MML). They were required to balance both knees on an exercise ball. The balancing time and the ability to recover their balance were measured using motion capture. Results indicated that balancing time was significantly improved for both learning methods. Regarding the learners' movements while maintaining balance, they maintained balance while moving in the KEL method, whereas they maintained balance by keeping the entire body stationary in the MML method. Concerning the ability to recover, the KEL method improved the balance recovery ability more effectively than the MML method. Therefore, we concluded that using the KEL method at the initial stage of learning improves learners' balance recovery ability and increases movement variability.
      PubDate: 2023-01-17T00:00:00Z
       
  • A commentary of factors related to player availability and its influence
           on performance in elite team sports

    • Authors: Julio Calleja-González, Javier Mallo, Francesc Cos, Jaime Sampaio, Margaret T. Jones, Diego Marqués-Jiménez, Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, Tomás T. Freitas, Pedro E. Alcaraz, Javier Vilamitjana, Sergio J. Ibañez, Francesco Cuzzolin, Nicolás Terrados, Stephen P. Bird, Asier Zubillaga, Thomas Huyghe, Igor Jukic, Alberto Lorenzo, Irineu Loturco, Anne Delextrat, Xavi Schelling, Miguel Gómez-Ruano, Isaac López-laval, Jairo Vazquez, Daniele Conte, Álvaro Velarde-Sotres, Antonio Bores, Davide Ferioli, Franc García, Xavier Peirau, Rafael Martin-Acero, Carlos Lago-Peñas
      PubDate: 2023-01-16T00:00:00Z
       
  • Metabolic impact of feeding prior to a 60-min bout of moderate-intensity
           exercise in females in a fasted
           state|Background|Methods|Results|Conclusion

    • Authors: Kayla M. Ratliff, Chad M. Kerksick, Jessica M. Moon, Anthony M. Hagele, Johnathan L. Boring, Kylie Walden, Connor J. Gaige, Richard A. Stecker, Kyle L. Sunderland, Petey W. Mumford
      Abstract: BackgroundThe metabolic impact of pre-exercise feeding of protein or carbohydrate on fat oxidation and energy expenditure rates, especially, in females, is poorly understood.MethodsRecreationally active females (n = 15, 32 ± 10 years, 164.8 ± 5.6 cm, 63.5 ± 9.3 kg, 23.4 ± 3.2 kg/m2) completed four testing sessions in a randomized, double-blind, crossover fashion after fasting overnight. Participants ingested isovolumetric and isoenergetic solutions containing either 25 g of whey protein, casein protein, carbohydrate (CHO), or a non-caloric placebo (PLA). Participants then completed 60 min of treadmill exercise at 15% below ventilatory threshold 30 min after ingestion. Respiratory exchange ratio (RER) was evaluated throughout exercise and resting energy expenditure (REE) was assessed pre-exercise, and 0-, 60-, and 120-min post-exercise.ResultsA significant condition x time interaction was observed for RER (p = 0.008) during exercise, with CHO exhibiting higher RER values (vs. PLA) at four time points. A significant main effect for condition was observed for carbohydrate (p = 0.001) and fat (p = 0.02) oxidation rates during exercise, with fat oxidation rates being higher in PLA vs. CHO (p = 0.01). When total fat oxidized was calculated across the entire exercise bout, a significant main effect for condition was observed (p = 0.01), with PLA being greater than CHO (p = 0.04). A significant condition x time interaction (p = 0.02) was found for both absolute and normalized REE, with casein and whey protein having significantly higher values than CHO (p 
      PubDate: 2023-01-16T00:00:00Z
       
  • Perceived insufficient pedagogical content knowledge in teaching movement
           and physical activity. Experiences from an action-oriented study among
           educators in early childhood education and care

    • Authors: Ann-Christin Sollerhed
      Abstract: Movement and physical activity (MoPA) are critical to children's health and development. Many children aged 1–5 years are enrolled in Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) in Sweden, and high expectations are placed on educators to deliver education of sufficient quality to support children's development. The aim of the 18-month-long action-based study was to investigate how 88 ECEC educators in five preschools perceived and experienced the priority and teaching of MoPA. The educators planned and implemented MoPA sessions among children. They filmed sequences from the sessions, which were shown in the focus groups and were the starting point for the collegial discussions. Content analysis of the focus group discussions revealed three themes: Teaching aspects; Educational aspects; Structural aspects, with associated subthemes. During the project with the trial-and-error MoPA teaching, the educators detected insufficient PCK to teach MoPA and that teaching was often replaced with free play. Increased metacognition made the educators aware of children's different MoPA levels and that free play did not always increase all children's skills. The perceived insufficient pedagogical content knowledge to teach MoPA was perceived as a troublesome barrier for promoting MoPA. During the project, the educators' metacognition about MoPA increased, which made the educators aware of children's different MoPA levels and that free play did not always increase all children's skills. Despite of increased metacognition, most of the educators were not ready to leave their comfort zones and were not open to extra work or effort when it came to MoPA. However, the educators demonstrated the need for improved education in MoPA in early childhood teacher education, as well as the need for continuous education for working educators in ECEC to enhance the pedagogic content knowledge for adequate teaching in MoPA, which is important for children's present development and future health.
      PubDate: 2023-01-16T00:00:00Z
       
 
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