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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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Sport i Turystyka : Środkowoeuropejskie Czasopismo Naukowe
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2545-3211 - ISSN (Online) 2657-4322
Published by Jan Długosz University in Częstochowa Homepage  [2 journals]
  • On the Rhetoric of Sports Heroism in Ancient and Modern Times

    • Authors: Maria Zowisło
      Pages: 11 - 29
      Abstract: Contemporary fascination with sports champions is the subject of many sociological and psychological analyses. The article complements this multi-level perspective with philosophical analyses in the field of the history of ideas and rhetorical communication. It presents the idea of sports heroism as a historically developing form of communication discourse. The premise is the thesis that the figure of a sports hero is each time a creation of a communication context, i.e. a message and interpretation using axio-normative, appealing and persuasive rhetorical means. In this rhetoric, objective and measurable sports mastery is strengthened and transformed into a communicative image enriched with moral, social, aesthetic, ludic-hedonistic and marketing meanings. The article is located in the humanistic area of the history of culture, and its reflection, which is the fruit of desk research, is developed in relation to the existing thematic literature using the hermeneutic principle of the fusion of interpretative horizons. The aim is to show the spectrum of meaning pertaining to the sports hero’s character components, starting from Greek athletics, through the discourse of ancient philosophers (developed by Coubertin) to the media fame of today’s sports champions. The rhetoric and practice of sporting mastery are two sides of the sporting coin.
      PubDate: 2023-09-20
      DOI: 10.16926/sit.2023.03.01
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2023)
  • The Discipline of Football in the Provinces of Stanisławów and Ternopil
           in the Years 1920–1939. An Outline

    • Authors: Eligiusz Małolepszy, Teresa Drozdek-Małolepsza
      Pages: 31 - 45
      Abstract: The aim of the paper is to present the discipline of football in the provinces of Stanisławów and Ternopil in the years 1920-1939. The area of Stanisławów and Ternopil provinces was mainly inhabited by the Poles, Ukrainians and Jews. In the years 1920-1939, the number of clubs and sports associations that ran football sections among Polish, Jewish and Ukrainian citizens grew. Initially, those clubs and sports associations belonged to Lviv Regional Football Association (OZPN). In mid 20s and in the 30s of the 20th century, football organizational structures were created: sub-region of Stanisławów, sub-region of Ternopil and Stanisławów OZPN. The football players of Rewera Stanisławów, Pogoń Stryj and Strzelec Górka Stanisławów became successful all over Poland. In the years 1934-1939, the footballers from the province of Stanisławów – as representatives of Stanisławów OZPN – took part in playoffs to get promoted to the national league. Junior football players of Rewera Stanisławów and Strzelec Górka Stanisławów took part in final tournaments of Polish junior championships in the years 1936-1939.
      PubDate: 2023-09-20
      DOI: 10.16926/sit.2023.03.02
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2023)
  • Volodymyr Pilat – the creator and leader of the Fighting Hopak style.
           Contribution to the modern history of Ukrainian martial arts

    • Authors: Wojciech J. Cynarski
      Pages: 47 - 59
      Abstract: Many nations today promote their historical martial arts and combat sports. This may result from the need to emphasize their own national traditions and cultural heritage. Thanks to outstanding figures, enthusiasts and people with a sense of mission, traditions that are partly lost are being created or restored. An example is Grand Master Volodymyr Pilat – the creator of the system called Boiovyi hopak (Battle / Combat hopak). The author, based on a direct interview and available publications, presents his path to the creation of this martial art, which is also a combat sport, and the establishment of an international federation, which indicates an already advanced institutional development. An analysis of sources was also used, including film materials and photos (visual anthropology). The specificity of this fighting art is shown, which is strongly related to the experiences of of Master Pilat’s “way of the warrior”. Boiovyi hopak was created on the basis of Cossack traditions and the experience of Volodymyr Pilat’s “way of the warrior”. The historical hopak was a dance. It is often practised with music. Among the traditional weapons there are a long stick, sabre, pike, scythe, sickle, mace, flail and ice axe.
      PubDate: 2023-09-20
      DOI: 10.16926/sit.2023.03.03
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2023)
  • The Influence of the Integrated Education Program on the Psycho-Physical
           Readiness of Children for School Education

    • Authors: Nataliia Panhelova, Mariia Panhelova, Andriy Pyvovar, Vladislav Ruban, Tetiana Kravchenko, Nataliia Chuprun
      Pages: 63 - 82
      Abstract: Modernization of preschool physical education is the subject of research by many scientists. The development and introduction of innovative recreation and health technologies into the practice of physical education in preschool education institutions is necessary in connection with the intensification of the educational load in the process of systematic preschool education, which increases the static component and negatively affects the physical condition of children and their readiness to school education. The implementation of existing physical culture and health technologies into the practice of physical education is slow. The purpose of the study is to implement and determine the impact of the comprehensive personality development program on the level of development of physical, cognitive abilities and speech of older preschoolers. Theoretical analysis and generalization of scientific and methodical literature, pedagogical, medical and biological methods, psychodiagnostic methods, methods of mathematical statistics were used in the study. Improvement of the content of physical culture and health work with older preschoolers in establishments of preschool education took place by introducing: innovative technologies of physical education, methods of psycho-prophylactic work, elements of tourist and local history activities, elements of sports-oriented physical education. These approaches were implemented through four blocks of physical exercise classes: physical education classes, physical culture andhealth activities during the day, active recreation, tourist and local history activities. Based on the determination of the means of combined development of motor and mental qualities, program material for the complex development of physical and cognitive abilities of older preschoolers in the process of physical education was developed.
      PubDate: 2023-09-20
      DOI: 10.16926/sit.2023.03.04
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2023)
  • Relationship between Leisure Satisfaction and Addiction to Social Media:
           Case Study on Sports Students of Lebanese French University

    • Authors: Sohail Imran Khan, Karzan Qader Hamad
      Pages: 83 - 97
      Abstract: In this digital age, when every second person has access to the internet, one is more likely to spend too much time surfing. Recently, due to the Covid-19 virus, the general public faced a total lockdown for the first time. As a result, the Internet has become the only source of entertainment and communication. In this pandemic situation, along with other students, sports students spent a lot of time on social media because they had no choice but to sit at home and not go out and play. This study was conducted to find a relationship between leisure satisfaction and addiction to social media. The study population consisted of students engaged in any sports activity from the Lebanese French University, Erbil. The sample counted 224 (107 male and 117 female) students. Data was collected from the students with the help of a structured questionnaire. To reach a conclusion, T-Test and Anova were used. It was found out that the students’ gender and age affect their levels of leisure satisfaction. It turned out that the female students were more satisfied with their leisure time than their male counterparts. However, among university students, a significant negative relationship was found between leisure satisfaction and addiction to social media.
      PubDate: 2023-09-20
      DOI: 10.16926/sit.2023.03.05
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2023)
  • Sport fans using social media: A study on celebrity sports fans

    • Authors: Matang, Karim Suryadi, Cecep Darmawan, Leni Anggraeni
      Pages: 99–1 - 99–1
      Abstract: Social media has become an essential platform for sports fans, athletes, clubs, and teams. This study provides a comprehensive review of the last decade’s research developments in social media, with a particular focus on how sports fans utilize this technology to engage with their interests. The study’s objectives are to explore how sports fans use social media to connect with their favorite athletes and teams, identify relevant theories and concepts that explain the significance of social media for sports fans, and analyze sports fans’ behavior and interactions on social media. Based on a review of 29 selected articles, the study finds that social media serves as a means for fans to express their fandom and that their identities and interactions on social media are framed by use and gratification theory, which is commonly employed in fan and social media research. Additionally, the study reveals that sports feminism has emerged among fans. While instances of racist comments and behavior among diehard fans remain a downside, it is crucial to investigate the importance of digital literacy among sports fans.
      PubDate: 2023-09-20
      DOI: 10.16926/sit.2023.03.06
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2023)
  • Systematic Review of EMG-Driven Robots in Lower Extremity Post-Stroke

    • Authors: Lea Frentz, William Gallou, Amélie Gran, Ines Jerome, Clement Leclercq, Aleksandra Kiper
      Pages: 119– - 119–
      Abstract: Stroke is a prevalent health issue worldwide, often leading to lower extremity deficits and posing a significant challenge for physiotherapists in terms of gait rehabilitation. With the advent of technological advancements, new rehabilitation tools like EMG-driven robots have been developed. However, their effectiveness in rehabilitation needs to be explored due to their high cost. Therefore, this study aimed to determine whether EMG-driven robot therapy was more effective than conventional physiotherapy for gait rehabilitation in stroke patients. The researchers conducted a literature search using the PubMed, Cochrane, and PEDro databases and included only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) focused on stroke patients with gait impairment, assessed using clinical functional scales. The treatment compared EMG-driven robot therapy for the lower extremities with conventional therapy. The analysis included three studies, which showed no significant improvement in locomotion, functional outcomes, or balance parameters with EMG-driven robots alone. However, when combined with conventional physiotherapy, EMG-driven robots demonstrated improvement in these outcomes. Positive effects were observed for spasticity and thigh circumference. In conclusion, EMG-driven robots can be an effective way to improve gait rehabilitation in stroke patients; however, further research with a specific protocol and explanation of the adaptation to each patient is needed.
      PubDate: 2023-09-20
      DOI: 10.16926/sit.2023.03.07
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2023)
  • Construction of emergency snow shelters using the results of air, snow and
           ground temperature measurements

    • Authors: Marcin Kalita, Stanisław Kędzia
      Pages: 135– - 135–
      Abstract: This paper presents the use of ground, snow, and air temperature measurements for the construction of makeshift snow shelters. In Poland, in the coldest places (the Tatra Mountains, the Orava Basin) the temperature values at the contact of the ground surface with the snow cover usually oscillate in the range from 0°C to −3°C. Therefore, when constructing snow shelters, a snow insulation layer should not be left on the ground inside the shelter, which blocks the heating of the shelter interior by the heat accumulated in the ground A very big influence on the temperature inside snow shelters is the size of the entrance opening and the height of its location. The larger the opening and the higher it is located in relation to the ground, the lower the temperature values and the greater the vertical thermal gradient occur inside the shelter. The temperature in a properly constructed snow shelter is regulated by covering the entrance hole. The thickness of the walls, and especially the roof of the shelter, should not exceed 40 cm. Walls with a thickness of 30 cm provide sufficient thermal insulation.
      PubDate: 2023-09-20
      DOI: 10.16926/sit.2023.03.08
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2023)
  • [rec.] Eligiusz Małolepszy, Teresa Drozdek- -Małolepsza, Zarys dziejów
           sportu i turystyki w działalności Śląskiego Wojewódzkiego Zrzeszenia
           Ludowe Zespoły Sportowe (1946–2021), Wydawnictwo PRYMAT, Białystok
           2023, ss. 275

    • Authors: Zbigniew Wójcik
      Pages: 163– - 163–
      PubDate: 2023-09-20
      DOI: 10.16926/sit.2023.03.09
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2023)
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