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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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Слобожанський науково-спортивний вісник     Open Access  

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Journal of Sports Medicine and Therapy
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2573-1726
Published by Heighten Science Publication Corporation Homepage  [23 journals]
  • The lateralization pattern has an influence on the severity of ankle

    • Authors: Andrzej Mioduszewski*; Mikołaj Wróbel, Emilia Hammar
      Abstract: Study design: Descriptive study.Background: Many risk factors contributing to ankle sprains have been studied in medical literature with coordination and balance being two of the major endogenous factors described. These are influenced by lateralization – a developmental and adaptive ability determined by the asymmetrical construction of the human brain, with cross-laterality referring to mixed limb dominance.Objectives: To determine whether cross lateralization is a risk factor for the severity of ligamentous injuries in ankle sprains since no data is yet available on such correlation. Methods: Two hundred forty-four patients with acute ankle sprains (136 men and 108 women) were prospectively evaluated between April 2006 and March 2009. The mean age was 30 (ranging from 18 to 76). Clinical and ultrasonographic examinations were performed on the study subjects. Laterality was then assessed by the Coren questionnaire and the AOFAS score was calculated. Patients with syndesmotic injuries and fractures were excluded from the study. Those qualified were divided into straight and crossed groups, according to their laterality type. Results: One hundred forty-four patients displayed straight lateralization, while cross-laterality was found in 100 subjects. Patients in the crossed group experienced more multi-ligamentous injuries than those in the straight group (p = 0.02). Following trauma, a higher AOFAS score was attributed to subjects that displayed a straight lateralization pattern, in comparison to subjects presenting with crossed laterality (p = 0.04).Conclusion: Crossed lateralization is associated with higher severity of ligament injuries in ankle sprains and may be considered a risk factor for calcaneofibular ligament injuries.
      PubDate: 2023-04-28 16:33:33
  • Anatomy and biomechanics of the rat knee ligaments

    • Authors: Zhe Song*; Xiang-Hua Deng, Scott Rodeo, Zoe M Album, Arielle Hall, Tina Chen, Brett Croen, Rodeo A Scott*
      Abstract: In this study, the authors systematically examined the anatomical and biomechanical properties of the ligaments in the normal rat knee. These biomechanical data will facilitate the use of the rat knee model for future studies of knee ligament injury, repair, and reconstruction. Fifty-six fresh cadaver male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 16 weeks, were used for this study, with 48 rats for biomechanical testing and 8 for micro-CT and histological evaluation. Our findings suggest that the gross anatomy of the rat knee joint and ligaments is very similar to humans despite some minor differences and features unique to the rat knee. The patella tendon and ACL are the two strongest soft tissue structures in the rat knee joint, with the highest failure force and stiffness, and both play a role in the anterior stability of the knee. In comparison, the failure force and stiffness of the LCL is half of the MCL, suggesting that other structures, such as the popliteal tendon, may play some role in lateral knee stabilization besides the LCL. In addition, our data suggest that anterior knee stability was improved after ACL reconstruction, but was not fully restored to intact ACL function. In conclusion, our study indicates the anatomical and biomechanical properties of the knee joint and ligaments of rat knees. Then we could confirm a reproducible and realistic rat model of knee ligaments like the clinical cases, and provide a basis for the study of knee ligament biology that simulates techniques used in humans.
      PubDate: 2023-04-27 16:30:35
  • Effects of exercise on wall shear stress in male and female patients with
           coronary heart disease

    • Authors: Xiuxiu Xu; Jiaquan Xu*
      Abstract: Coronary heart disease (CHD) seriously endangers human health, and there are obvious gender differences in incidence rate and prognosis, which are related to the evident differences in anatomical structure, physiological characteristics, and wall shear stress between males and females. In recent years, cardiac rehabilitation has been proven to be safe and effective in controlling the progression and improving the prognosis of CHD. Thereinto, exercise therapy is the central link of cardiac rehabilitation. Exercise can significantly affect vascular endothelial function by regulating wall shear stress. Based on previous research, this paper will briefly review the influence of exercise on wall shear stress in male and female patients with CHD, in order to provide a reference for formulating personalized cardiac rehabilitation programs and further improve the prognosis of CHD.
      PubDate: 2023-04-21 16:49:31
  • Effectiveness of physical rehabilitation on sphygmography and blood

    • Authors: Grashchenkova АN; Puzin SN, Bogova ОТ
      Abstract: Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) have become the leading cause of death worldwide: for no other reason as many people die every year from CVD. This problem affects low and middle-income countries to varying degrees. More than 80% of deaths from CVD occur in these countries, almost equally among men and women, however, patients who survived after Myocardial Infarction (MI) are at high risk of death. According to the main facts of the WHO, 17.9 million people died from CVD in 2016, which accounted for 31% of all deaths in the world. In this connection, it is necessary to improve medical rehabilitation and physical rehabilitation, in particular for CVD, especially on an outpatient basis. Competent physical rehabilitation and cardiac rehabilitation in patients with myocardial infarction are associated with improved survival and effectiveness of quality of life, as well as prevention of recurrent MI. There is a legislative framework FZ-No. 323 of 21.11.2011 “On the basics of health protection of citizens in the Russian Federation” concerning medical rehabilitation and “Procedure for organizing medical rehabilitation” No. 1705n of 29.12.2012.This study shows physical rehabilitation methods of health path and Nordic walking. Terrenkur is a method of sanatorium-and-spa treatment, which provides for dosed physical activity in the form of walking tours (5 km - 6 km daily at 12.00 - 13.00). Nordic walking - walking with sticks, a type of physical activity that uses a certain training methodology and walking technique with the help of specially designed sticks (5 km - 6 km daily at 12.00 - 13.00).Multiple meta-analyses showed that Cardiovascular Rehabilitation (CVR) reduces mortality in patients with coronary artery disease. Despite the recommendations and recommendations for the use of programs for patients with previous MI, patient participation in these programs remains low, which has led to the development of alternative models of medical rehabilitation.
      PubDate: 2023-01-09 12:20:23
  • Prevalence of performance-enhancing drug use among gym members in Saudi
           Arabia, Riyadh: A cross-sectional survey

    • Authors: Rawan Eskandarani; Abdulaziz Alhamad, Saad Almodameg
      Abstract: Context: Illicit and performance-enhancing drug (PED) use is prevalent among athletes.Aims: We examine the prevalence of PED use among amateur athletes, identify the common characteristics and associated risk factors for illicit PED use and measure the perception and awareness among gym members regarding the safety and effects of illicit drug use.Settings and design: This cross-sectional study was conducted among adult male and female gym center attendees in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.Methods and materials: Self-administered Arabic and English questionnaires were used for data collection. Statistical analysis used: SPSS version 26 was used to perform t- and chi-square tests.Results: This study included 379 participants, of whom 59.6% were male, 52.8% were between 26 and 35 years of age, and a majority of the participants had normal (47.5%) or overweight (40.9%) body mass index. Our study revealed a high prevalence (48.5%) of PED use among gym athletes in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Moreover, the true prevalence might have been higher due to the possibility of underreporting by some participants because of the sensitivity of the subject. Protein powder was the most commonly used type of PED. Of all the participants, 22.3% reported anabolic androgenic steroid use. Side effects of PEDs were observed in 19% of the study participants.Conclusion: The results of this study should encourage public health researchers and health advocates to design and implement behavioral interventions to educate the public on the benefits, risks, and contraindications of dietary supplements used by athletes to enhance their body performance.Key messages•    Performance-enhancing drug (PED) use is prevalent among both professional and amateur athletes.•    Gym athletes in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, report increasing PED use.•    Side effects and negative health impacts are associated with illicit PED use.•    Misinformation on the risks and benefits of PEDs is a major public health concern.•    More efforts should be implemented in public awareness about the risk of using PED targeting younger populations.
      PubDate: 2022-12-27 09:50:46
  • The application of therapeutic exercise as a means of rehabilitation in a
           patient diagnosed with MS, Case Study

    • Authors: Efthalitsidou Kyriaki; George Roussos
      Abstract: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic and often progressive condition that affects the Central Nervous System (CNS) and as a result has negative consequences on a person’s physical condition, functioning, mood, and Activities of Daily Living (ADL) [1]. 
      PubDate: 2022-12-05 12:50:54
  • Pain and culture - on cultural communications of suffering

    • Authors: Lisbeth Sachs
      Abstract: The impact of culture on the communication of pain becomes visible in a comparative perspective when individuals with two different cultures meet.Regardless of the physiological cause, it is through lived experience, in social life, that it is decided how, where, when and for whom pain is to be communicated. Age and gender, situation and context as well as the type of pain are essential ingredients in communication. The communication is always adapted to expectations from those present, their own experiences of pain and the specific circumstances, the cause of the pain. The impact of culture on the communication of pain becomes visible in a comparative perspective when individuals with two different cultures meet.
      PubDate: 2022-11-29 12:46:57
  • The modified star excursion balance test for the detection of the risk of
           injury in elite handball female players

    • Authors: Noémie Drouet; Jennifer Bassement, Franck Barbier
      Abstract: Background: Elite handball female players are at high risk of injury to the lower limbs. The modified Star Excursion Balance Test (mSEBT) is efficient in detecting players with a risk of injury. However, performed once before the season, the mSEBT cannot determine with precision when the injury will occur. Purpose: The objective of the study was to investigate if a repeated measure of mSEBT across the season would help in identifying with precision the period at risk of injury for each player.Methods: Eleven elite female handball players took part in the study. The mSEBT was measured weekly for 25 weeks and the injuries were recorded. Composite Scores (CS) and distances on each axis were computed for both legs of each player. The 94% cut-off on the composite score and the 4 cm difference between the right and left leg on the anteroposterior axis (ANT) was investigated for each player.Results: Five players reported injury. The 94% cut-off on the CS and the 4 cm difference on ANT were not significant indicators of risk of injury in our study. However, for each injured player, a drop in the composite score was noticed the week before the injury.Conclusion: We propose the drop of CS as an indicator for the detection of the risk of injury in a follow-up of elite athletes using repeated mSEBT. This indicator allows the detection of injury a week before it occurs. Further work is needed to confirm, investigate and validate this indicator.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25 14:50:37
  • Effect of crossfit-trainings on the heart rate of adolescent judokas

    • Authors: Arman Avetisyan
      Abstract: Background: One of the types of the complex control system is medico-biological, which includes a set of methods and measures aimed at assessing the health, and functional state of the athlete’s body, taking into account the reaction of his systems to various loads. CrossFit is a constantly varied and high-intensity functional training program in which with increasing the training load, the pulse rate increases.The context and purpose of the study: The research was aimed to find out the frequency of heart rate of adolescent judokas in the presence of CrossFit-trainings in the process of physical fitness, for which a pedagogical scientific experiment was held at the youth sports and cultural training center after V. Zakaryan (Hrazdan city). From the groups of 10-12-year-olds practicing judo at the sports school, one experimental and control group was formed, each with 10 athletes. During CrossFit-trainings “Tabata”, “AMRAP”, “21-15-9” and “WOD” methods were mainly used. Athletes’ pulse rate was measured manually at the wrist before training, during training, and immediately after training in order to control the athletes’ feelings toward the training load.Results: In the September-June period, with the implementation of the CrossFit-training program, the heart rate of athletes before training was on average 102,2 bpm, during training 158,3 bpm and immediately after training – 157,8 bpm.Conclusion: The indicators obtained as a result of the research correspond to the norms suggested in literature sources.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23 11:57:19
  • Improving “quality of life” through exercise and proper

    • Authors: Rosa Grazia Bellomo; Raoul Saggini, Claudia Barbato
      Abstract: In line with what is defined by W.H.O. (World Health Organization) the objective of the work is to observe and define the interconnection between a healthy lifestyle and the quality of life perceived by people.For this purpose, 30 healthy subjects, who had never practiced sports at a competitive level, were recruited. All individuals were evaluated at T0 and T1 through clinical evaluation and specific functional tests to define the psycho-physical well-being of the person. For three months they were followed with a personalized diet. Subjects were divided into two randomized groups: group A called experimental that followed the protocol for the duration of the study, and group B said evaluation group that performed only evaluations at the same time as group A. both groups were evaluated twice, the first immediately after the last training session, the second evaluation was performed after 30 days from the first.The objective of the project was to analyze, after three months, the cognitive changes in memory and concentration skills, stress experienced at work or study, and psycho-physical well-being perceived by interested parties. The data collected during the evaluations showed that the interconnection between a healthy lifestyle and the quality of life perceived by people is evident.
      PubDate: 2022-11-02 12:43:40
  • A survey of concussion diagnosis and documentation

    • Authors: Arthur Maerlender
      Abstract: Concussion diagnosis is a clinical categorization that often rests primarily on symptom reporting. However, diagnostic criteria require certain signs and symptoms to be either ruled in or ruled out. 
      PubDate: 2022-10-24 11:49:41
  • Hypothermia of the brain - a prospective method for preventing the
           development of complications of sports craniocerebral injuries

    • Authors: Oleg Shevelev; Smolensky AV, Mengistu EM, Yuriev MY
      Abstract: Cerebral brain injuries (CBIs) account for up to 20% of all injuries in boxing. Approximately 97% of sports-related brain injuries are mild, their neurological symptoms are unexpressed, and young, strong, highly motivated athletes tend to dismiss the severity of their injuries. This may lead to an underestimation of the severity and extent of brain injuries. Changes in computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in mild traumatic brain injury are absent in the early stages, making diagnosis difficult. Frequent repetitive traumatic brain injuries, including mild brain injuries, can result in functional and structural brain lesions that affect athletes’ performance and, in the long term, significantly impair their quality of life. Also, the consequences of cerebral brain injuries, including mild brain injury, can be affected by the individual condition of the Circle of Willis.
      PubDate: 2022-06-28 11:05:02
  • The examination and treatment of non-surgical soft tissue injuries at the
           elbow integrating the Cyriax approach with the mulligan concept

    • Authors: Russell Woodman
      Abstract: Injuries at the elbow are fairly common. Fractures require the immediate attention of the skills of a surgeon. As the fracture heals and motion at the fracture is permissible, the physical therapist can provide important treatment to help the patient gain range of motion, strength, and function.
      PubDate: 2022-03-17 00:00:00
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