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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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Türkiye Spor Bilimleri Dergisi / Turkish Journal of Sports Science
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2618-5911
Published by DergiPark Homepage  [185 journals]
  • Overview of the Effect of Exercise on Immunity

    • Authors: Nizami DURAN
      Abstract: The importance of sports or physical exercise for a healthy life is indisputable. The benefits of regular exercise for a healthy life in terms of a person's physical and psychological well-being are a reality accepted by everyone today. This study aims to compile in detail the effects of regular exercise on the functions and functioning of cells in the immune system. Regular exercise causes various immunological, physiological, and anatomical reactions and changes in the human body. Although there are a variety of studies on the anatomical and physiological changes of regular exercise, the number of detailed studies on the immunological effects is very limited. Explanation of the molecular mechanism of the immunological effects of regular exercise on the human body has been one of the most interesting topics in recent years. The immune system is the system that makes the human body more resistant to many cardiovascular, neurological, and metabolic diseases and problems, especially infectious diseases. Regulating the functioning of this system will mean strengthening immunity. Regular exercise can regulate the functioning of a wide variety of immune mechanisms in the host. For this reason, one of the most important and easy ways to strengthen the immune system is to exercise regularly.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Impact of Using Mouth Guard on The Ventilatory Responses and Oxygen
           Consamption to Incremental Exercise in Combat Athletes

    • Authors: Ümid KARLI; Hakan YARAR, Hanifi ÜZÜM
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of using mouth guard on the ventilatory responses to acute incremental exhaustive exercise in combat sport athletes. Eleven experienced male senior combat sport athletes accustomed to use mouth guard underwent two exercise tests on a treadmill in a randomized crossover manner with and without mouth guard. The ventilatory responses were assessed during an incremental exercise test (Bruce protocol) on treadmill. Oxygen consumption (VO2), carbon dioxide production (VCO2), minute ventilation (VE) and breath frequency (BF) were assessed at four submaximal intensity points (at 3rd, 6th, 9th and 12th minute) during the test. Also VO2max and peak values of VCO2, VE and BF were recorded in each measurement. Two ways ANOVA with repeated measures (trial x time) and Paired samples t-test was used for statistical analyses.Two ways ANOVA with repeated measures showed significant main effect for time regarding to VO2 [F(3-20)=660.898, p<0.01], VCO2 [F(3-20)=768.820, p<0.01], VE [F(3-20)=612.436, p<0.01] and BF [F(3-20)=100.576, p<0.01]. However, no significant main effect was found for trials and trial by time interactions during submaximal intensities. Except BFpeak values, no significant difference was found between the values with and without using mouth guard regarding to VO2max, VCO2peak, VEpeak. BFpeak values determined during the test performed with using mouth guard were significantly (p<0.05) low compared to the values without mouth guard. Mainly the ventilatory responses did not differ by to the use of mouth guard during incremental exercise, except BFpeak. As a conclusion, mouth guard usage had no adverse effect on the ventilatory functions during athletic performance of male senior combat sport athletes accustomed to use mouth guard.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Comparison of The Physical Fitness Levels of 15-17 Years Old Individuals
           with and without Sports in Terms of Lateralization

    • Authors: Muhammet ÖZBAY; Selçuk AKPINAR
      Abstract: The main aim of this study is to compare the physical fitness levels of individuals who regularly engage in sports over specific years with those who have never engaged in sports (sedentary individuals) in terms of right-left side asymmetry. The study was conducted with participants selected using purposive sampling method from male and female athletes attending secondary education. The participants of the research consisted of 52 males and 38 females aged between 15 and 17. Thirty of the participants were volleyball players (18 females, 12 males), 30 were football players (25 males, 5 females), and 30 were sedentary individuals (15 males, 15 females). To measure physical fitness levels, four fundamental tests were applied, including the Flexibility measurement developed by Winnick and Short (2014), the Health Ball Throw test developed by Stark (2000), the 3-Step Jump measurement developed by Moll, Seidel, and Bös (2012), and the Simple Visual Reaction test. The data were analyzed using the SPSS 25 package program, and mixed-model ANOVA was used for the statistical analysis of the data. When examining the results, it is evident that participation in football and volleyball sports enhances physical fitness levels. Individuals in the sports groups generally outperformed the sedentary group. In the evaluation of right and left side asymmetry of the body, it was determined that the dominant hand and foot had more strength than the non-dominant hand and foot.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Interest in and Addiction to Digital Games as an Unusual Recreational
           Activity: Research on University Students

    • Authors: Ali BAYRAK; Mehmet DEMİREL
      Abstract: A person suffering from a behavioral addiction may develop a digital gaming addiction, which leads to a person losing themselves in games during the day and disengaging from reality. The person may suffer from psychological distress and unfavorable outcomes including loneliness, hostility, and depression if he is unable to regulate this conduct. In this study, it was aimed to examine the digital game addictions of university students according to various criteria. Necmettin Erbakan University was selected as the study's domain. 212 individuals were selected as the sample group for the study using a straightforward random sampling procedure. The Jamovi application was used to analyze the data that had been gathered. After analyzing the data's skewness and kurtosis values, it was found that the data displayed a parametric distribution. Anova, T-tests, and the Tukey HSD multiple comparison test were employed to ascertain the direction of significant differences in this direction. According to the study's results, it was found that there were significant differences between digital game addiction depending on the classroom, the technological device used while playing digital games, and the frequency of playing games, but there was no significant difference between the way in which recreational activity participation and gender were accounted for. As a result, it has been found that those between the ages of 18 and 20 are more addicted to digital games than the other age groups (p=0.05).
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Exam Anxiety and Situational Motivation Levels of Middle School Students
           for Physical Education Lesson

    • Authors: Dilem ÇİY; Hüseyin SELVİ, Elif Nilay (DAŞDAN ADA
      Abstract: Purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between middle school students' exam anxiety for physical education lesson and their situational motivation levels. The study was carried out in relational screeninng model and 624 secondary school students (324 girls, 300 boys).In this study, "Personal Information Form", "Situational Motivation Scale in Physical Education" and "Physical Education Lesson Exam Anxiety Scale" were used as data collection tools. Descriptive statistics, Independent Groups t-Test, Pearson Moments Correlation Analysis and One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) were used in the analysis of the data. According to the result of the correlation analysis, a significant relationship was found between the physical education lesson exam anxiety scale sub-dimensions and the situational motivation scale sub-dimensions. According to the results of the T-test, it was observed that the scores of the physical education lesson exam anxiety scale sub-dimensions and the situational motivation scale sub-dimensions differed according to gender. In addition, as a result of the Anova analysis, a significant difference was found between the classes in the physical education lesson test anxiety scale sub-dimensions and the situational motivation scale sub-dimensions. As a result, the findings showed that there is a weak negative relationship between test anxiety and situational motivation scales. In addition, we can say that male students' motivation to the lesson is higher than female students, and the test anxiety they feel is lower than female students. It was observed that 6th graders had more test anxiety than other grades, and 5th graders were more motivated than 6th, 7th and 8th graders.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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