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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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Türkiye Spor Bilimleri Dergisi / Turkish Journal of Sports Science
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2618-5911
Published by DergiPark Homepage  [187 journals]
  • Physical Fitness and Somatotype Characteristics of Young Male Boxing and
           Taekwondo Athletes: A Comparison Study

    • Authors: Mustafa KARAHAN; Volkan KAYA
      Abstract: Although there are many specific studies on the physical fitness and body composition of boxing and taekwondo athletes, no comparative study has yet been found so far. Therefore, this study aimed to determine whether there is a difference between elite young male boxing and taekwondo athletes in terms of physical fitness and somatotype characteristics.Nineteen boxing (mean age: 17.6 years) and twenty-one taekwondo (mean age: 17.4 years) elite athletes voluntarily participated in this study. Athletes performed a series of test batteries that included T-run, shuttle-run, running anaerobic sprint and countermovement jump, the visual and auditory reaction. In addition, several anthropometric and body composition measurements were conducted to determine somatotype characteristics.A significant difference (p<0.05) was detected between the groups only for explosive power (9.8%) and visual reaction time (9.1%), in which boxers were better than taekwondo athletes. There were no significant differences in terms of physical fitness between the two groups, in which anaerobic power (9%) and 20 m sprint performances (3.3%) were higher in taekwondo athletes, while auditory reaction time (9.5%), change of direction ability (1.8%), and VO2max (5.4%) performances were higher in boxers. There was no significant difference in terms of somatotype profiles between boxing and taekwondo athletes. However, the mesomorph component was higher than those of endomorph and ectomorph components in both groups (<0.05).This study revealed that boxing and taekwondo athletes had similar physical fitness characteristics and somatotype profiles, except for vertical jump high and visual reaction.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Reliability of Fitbalance Mobile Balance Measurement Device

    • Authors: Mehmet YILDIZ; Ugur FİDAN, İsmail BAYBURA
      Abstract: Many methods, techniques and systems are used to determine balance performance. The aim of this study is to determine the reliability of the mobile balance device developed by Afyon Kocatepe University (Fitbalance, Turkey). Ten male elite basketball players who played in Afyon Municipality Sports Club in the 2021-2022 season in the Turkish Basketball Super League voluntarily participated in the study. The static-dynamic balance measurements of the participants were measured through the Fitbalance system . The test and retest of static and dynamic balance evaluation results were recorded as score value (Min:0-Max:100). As the balance success increases, the score value increases. The reliability of the device was tested with intraclass correlation coefficient, coefficient of variation and Bland Altman chart. At the end of the study, it was determined that while the eyes open (0.95) and closed static (0.95) balance intraclass correlation coefficient values were high, the dynamic balance (0.72) values were moderate. In addition, the percentage of coefficient of variation was found to be moderate and acceptable for static balance eyes open (20.36%) and eyes closed (25.43%) and dynamic balance (22.87%). In addition, it has been determined that the lower and upper limits of the Bland Altman graph are narrow and the scattering is around the mean values. As a result, the portable FitBalance device can be used reliably in the absence of higher-end devices used in laboratory conditions.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Investigating the Relationships Between Team Image, Team Loyalty and
           Spectator Motives in Football: Sample of Büyükşehir Belediye

    • Authors: Muhammet Talha HAN; Ercan POLAT
      Abstract: The aim of this research is to investigate the relationships between the team image, team loyalty and audience motives of the supporters of Büyükşehir Belediye Erzurumspor comparatively in terms of some variables. In the research, comparative relational screening model, which is one of the non-experimental methods in quantitative design, was used. In the study, in which voluntary participation was essential, the sample group was determined by using convenient sampling and criterion sampling method which are considered as non-random sampling methods. In this context, the sample of the research consists of 556 participants who are supporters of the Büyükşehir Belediye Erzurumspor. Personal Information Form, Team Image Scale, Team Loyalty Scale, External Motivation Scale for Sports Spectators and Internal Motivation Scale for Sports Spectators were used to obtain the data in the study. The data derived from the survey application was analysed via SPSS package program. While Pearson Correlation Analysis, a parametric test, was used to compare binary variables, the z-score was calculated to compare the r values obtained from the pairwise correlation analysis performed in groups, and the differences between the groups were examined. In the findings obtained as a result of the analyses, it was observed that there were positive low and moderate relationships between the membership of watching football on TV and team image, team loyalty, extrinsic motivation for sports spectators and intrinsic motivation for sports spectators, while it is seen that there are positive low and moderate relationships between the licensed product purchase and the scales team image and team loyalty, extrinsic motivation for sports spectators and intrinsic motivation scales for sports spectators.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Investigation of the Goal Orientation and Mental Toughness of the Women
           Superleague Handball Teams Athletes According to Their Position

    • Authors: Bülent Okan MİÇOOĞULLARI; Yeliz GÖKSU
      Abstract: In this study, it was aimed to examine the mental toughness and goal orientation skills of female Super League handball players according to some variables. These variables were determined as the positions played by the athletes and the age of the sports. Since the level of ego and task orientation of the athlete is very important for handball, which is a team game; It is one of our primary goals to determine whether the athlete is struggling for herself or for his team. In addition to this, it is very important for handball, which is a fast-paced, long-played and hard sport, to cope with the problem in the face of instantaneous situations and to remain physically-mentally tough. The research sample consisted of a total of 147 female super league handball players in the 2020-2021 season. In the personal information form, information about the positions and sports ages of the athletes participating in the study was collected. In the second part, "Sport Mental Toughness Questionnaire in Sports" and "Task and Ego Orientation Scale in Sports" were used. One-Way Analysis of Variance technique from the SPSS package program was used in the comparisons between the variables in the questionnaires and the analysis of the data obtained. As a result of the study, it was found that handball players with higher sports age, which we can name as an experienced at the level of goal orientation, are more task-oriented than those with lower sports age players. At the same time, it was observed that as the sports age of the participants increased, the level of mental toughness increased, while no significant differences were found for both parameters according to the position variable.   
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Relationship between Effect of Physical Activity Level on
           Psychological Resilience and Coronavirus Anxiety during The COVID-19

    • Authors: Merve GEZEN BÖLÜKBAŞ; Barkın KIRAK, Şerife VATANSEVER
      Abstract: Human life has changed dramatically with The World Health Organization declaring the disease COVID-19 as pandemic. The aim of this study; to reveal the relationship between adults by determining the levels of physical activity, psychological resilience and coronavirus anxiety during The COVID-19 pandemic period. A total of 322 (213 female, 109 male) volunteers between the ages of 18-66 participated in the study. The International Physical Activity Short Form, The Brief Resilience Scale and The Coronavirus Anxiety Scale were used to determine the physical activity level, the psychological resilience status and the anxiety status of the participants, respectively. One Way ANOVA, Independent T Test and Pearson correlation were used to analyze the data, and the significance for all statistical tests was set at p<0,05. According to the results obtained from the research; it was found that the physical activity level of 92% of the participants during The COVID-19 pandemic process was low and insufficient. While there was a positive significant correlation between physical activity level and resilience, a negative significant correlation was found between resilience and coronavirus anxiety (p<0,05). In addition, when the difference between the genders are examined, it is seen that the physical activity and psychological resilience levels of men are significantly higher than women (p<0,05), while the levels of coronavirus anxiety are lower (p<0,05). As a result, it can be said that physical activity levels of adult are insufficient during The COVID-19 pandemic process and this insufficient level of physical activity can reduce psychological resilience.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
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