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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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Spor Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2548-0723
Published by DergiPark Homepage  [187 journals]
  • Reflection of Eugenic Policies Applied in Early Republican Turkey on
           Sports: The Law of Physical Education

    • Authors: Zühre AYVAZ
      Abstract: Eugenics, which can be defined as the science of eugenics, includes policies aimed at creating perfect and superior human societies. Thus, eugenics is a policy in which individuals and society are reformed by the state. Eugenics, which began to spread in the twentieth century, has been on the rise in nation-states, especially before the World War II. Eugenic policies, which began to spread in the twentieth century, are usually encountered in the fields of health, population, physical education and sports. Although eugenic practices were observed in Turkey during the early Republican Turkey, before the World War II, eugenic tendencies were encountered in the late Ottoman period. The study includes the effects of physical education and eugenics trends that started in the late Ottoman period on physical education and sports issues in early Republican Turkey. In this context, the Physical Education Law No. 3530, which is the clearest evidence of official eugenic policies, has been examined. This law is also considered the basis of the organization of sports in modern Turkey. The aim of the study is to reveal the course of development of eugenics thought in the fields of physical education and sports from the late Ottoman period to the early Republican Turkey and the eugenic dimensions of the Physical Education Law. Thus, it is aimed to make it more understandable for students to read eugenic sports policies in early Republican Turkey. The method of the study is based on a literature review on studies of body policies and eugenics issues covering the specified period and the document review method was used. Books, articles, dissertations, etc. on the policies and legal regulations related to the family, population, sports, health and body related to the late Ottoman and early Republican periods such documents were used as data sources. In addition, the records of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, which reveal the spirit of the Physical Education Code, have been used in particular.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Evaluation of the Drive to be Muscular and the Use of Nutritional
           Ergogenic Supplements in Athletes

    • Authors: Hakan YARAR; Murat FİDAN, Sevil KARAHAN YILMAZ, Günay ESKİCİ, Osman Emir SARAÇ
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine the drive to be muscular (DM), and the use of nutritional ergogenic supplements in athletes. 440 male athletes who are active in different sports branches participated as voluntarily. In the study, the data were obtained using the “Impulse to Be Muscular Scale” developed by McCreary and Sasse in 2000 and adapted to Turkish by Selvi and Bozo (2019) and the “Attitude Scale for Use of Nutritional Ergogenic Supplements” developed by Argan and Köse (2009). When comparing dependent and independent variables in statistical analysis; the Kruskal Wallis-H test and the One-Way ANOVA test were used. Pearson chi-square test was used to determine the relationship between quantitative variables. Results: Athletes DM and sub-dimensions; Attitudes toward being muscular (ATBM), training behaviors toward being muscular (TBTBM), and use of eating and reinforcements to be muscular (UERM) mean scores were determined to be 43.2±12.3, 21.8±7.7, 12.2±4.0 and 9.1±3.9 respectively. In the attitude scale towards nutritional ergogenic supplements, the mean scores of benefits, side effects and ethical and natural nutrition sub-dimensions were determined as 3.5±0.8, 2.4±0.8, and 2.8±0.7, respectively. A statistically significant difference was found between the education level of the athletes and their attitudes towards being muscular. In addition, it was determined that there was a statistically significant difference between the training behaviors to be muscular, the use of eating and supplements to be muscular, side effects, and ethical and natural nutrition sub-dimensions between sports branches (p<0.05). DM was found to have a statistically significant relationship at a high level with ATBM (0.86), TBTBM (0.76), and UERM (0.65); at a low level with the benefit sub-dimension of the attitude scale towards nutritional ergogenic supplement (0.26), and at a negative and weak level with a duration of exercise (0.23). It was determined that the drive to be muscular score was higher in men, strength/power athletes, and those with high school and pre-school education. “Freedom of access to the products and believing that there is a doping effect” are among the reasons for the use of nutritional support products by athletes.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Does Mindfullness Affect Happiness': The Relationship Between
           Mindfullness and Happiness in Sports

    • Authors: Tuğba MUTLU BOZKURT
      Abstract: In this study, it was aimed to examine the relationship between mindfulness in sports and the happiness levels of students receiving sports education. The research group consisted of 78 women (31.6%) and 169 men (68.4%) studying at Bitlis Eren University Bachelor program in Physical Education and Sports (114 people) and Bitlis Ziya Eren Sports High School (133 people). It consists of 247 athletes. Relational screening model was used in the research. “Personal Information Form”, “Athlete Mindfulness Scale” and “Happiness Scale” were used as data collection tools in the research. The analyses of the data in the research were made with the SPSS 22 statistical package program. The findings obtained from the research were analyzed according to the variables of gender, school type, sports branch and sporting success. In conclusion, it has been determined that the age of the athletes does not significantly predict happiness and athlete mindfullness and its sub-dimensions. In addition, a positive low level statistically significant relationship was found between the happiness scale of the athletes and the scores obtained from the "non-judgmental" dimension of the athlete mindfulness scale, and as the happiness levels of the athletes increase, the level of non-judgment also increases.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Investigation of the Relationship Between Leadership Orientations and
           Emotional Intelligence Levels of Faculty of Sport Sciences Students

    • Authors: Ünsal ALTINIŞIK; Akın ÇELİK
      Abstract: The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between emotional intelligence of university students and their leadership orientation and determine predictive role of emotional intelligence on leadership. In the research in the relational screening model, opinions of 263 students at the Faculty of Sport Sciences of Trabzon University were taken. In the research, Leadership Orientation Scale developed by “Personal Information Form”, Bolman & Deal (1991) and adapted into Turkish by Dereli (2003), and Emotional Orientation Scale developed by Wong & Law (2002) and adapted to Turkish by Uslu (2019) Intelligence Rating Scale were used. Descriptive statistics, t-test, correlation, regression analysis were used evaluate data. Analyzes shows there is positive significant relationship between emotional intelligence and leadership orientation, and emotional intelligence is important predictor of leadership orientation. Moreover, it was observed emotional intelligence levels and leadership orientations of the participants were above mediumlevel. Moreover, when leadership orientation was examined, there was a significant difference according to gender, but no significant relationship was found according to age variable. Considering emotional intelligence scale, a significant relationship was found in terms of gender and age variables. According to the results obtained, it is possible to say individuals with emotional intelligence tend to exhibit leadership orientations. Therefore, since emotional intelligence is a very important element on leadership orientation, the inclusion of courses emotional intelligence in the curriculum; It is seen that it is important because it will benefit the training of successful leaders who care about people, empathize and express their feelings and thoughts.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Effect on Static and Dynamic Balance in Female Football Players After
           6-Week Kettlebell Training

    • Authors: Serdar ADIGÜZEL; Büşra ÖZTÜRK, Murat TAŞ
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of 6-week kettlebell training on the static and dynamic balance characteristics of female football players. Actively playing in Turkey Women's Football 1st League (age: 21.01 ±00 years, height: 164.66 ± 66 cm, body weight: 57.93 ±33 kg, sports age: 11.86 ±66 years) were included in the study. 15 female football players participated voluntarily. Participants applied the 6-week kettlebell training program three days a week regularly. While the Y Balance balance test was applied for the dynamic balance measurement of the female football players participating in the research, the static balance test measurement was measured with the Flamingo balance test. For the tests, the test measurement was made by touching the balance bar and using a 0.01 precision stopwatch. For the analysis of the research data, the SPSS 22.0 package program was used, and the Wilcoxon test was applied for the measurement analysis. The significance value of the analysis results was accepted as (p<0.05). In the light of the data of the study, it was observed that there was a statistically significant difference according to the results of Y balance balance test and Flamingo balance test as a result of the pre-test and post-test of the 6-week kettlebell training program (p<0.05). According to the results of the research, it was concluded that the 6-week kettlebell training had an effect on the static and dynamic balance parameters of female football players.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Investigation of the Psychometric Properties of Professionalizm Scale for
           Athletes (APS)

    • Authors: Nuri Berk GÜNGÖR; Serkan KURTİPEK, Ekrem Levent İLHAN
      Abstract: In this research, it is aimed to develop a measurement tool that can measure the professionalism level of athletes in a valid and reliable way. The research was modeled in a mixed design and was carried out with 614 athletes who were continuing their sportive careers in Ankara in 2021. Analyzes of construct validity were carried out in order to determine the psychometric properties of the measurement tool. In order to determine the construct validity, Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was applied; Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was applied in order to verify the structure that emerged as a result of EFA. Explanatory (EFA) and confirmatory factor analyzes (CFA) in the research were carried out on two different groups by dividing the data set into two groups. With the completion of EFA and CFA, a structure consisting of 11 items and one dimension was obtained, which could explain 38.25% of the total variance. In addition, the item-total test correlation and 27% over-the-top method over the total score were used to determine whether there was a difference between the item score averages or not, to determine the discrimination of the items. The reliability of the measurement tool was examined with the Cronbach Alpha internal consistency coefficient and test-retest techniques, and a result was obtained that the measurement tool was highly reliable. When the psychometric properties of the Professionalism Scale for Athletes (SPÖ) were evaluated, it was determined that it was a valid and reliable data collection tool. In addition, it can be stated that the measurement tool has the ability to measure the professionalism levels of the athletes.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Investigation of the Relationship among Crisis Management, Decision-Making
           and Self-Confidence Based on Sport Managers in Turkey

    • Authors: Davut ATILGAN; Turgut KAPLAN
      Abstract: Sports Management is one of the most important areas of the sport industry and covers many different areas. In any institution, manager/s involved in a private sector or public institutions may have difficulties making a right decision in favour of their institutions during a crisis. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship among crisis management, decision-making styles, and self-confidence skills in decision-making among sport managers. The sample of the study consists of 226 managers working as sports managers in central and provincial institutions of the general directorate of sport services in Turkey. This study was conducted through a comprehensive literature review on the relevant subject and designed in line with the general thoughts and opinions of the managers working at the managerial level. The study is a descriptive study conducted via a relational survey model. During data analysis, the results obtained from correlation and regression analyzes were given along with discussions and interpretations. The initial result indicated that sports managers have high self-confidence in decision-making. According to regression analysis, only the internal-self-confidence was found to be a significant predictor of the decision-making style.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Investigation of the Anxiety of Sports High School Students about
           Contracting a New Type of Coronavirus (Covid 19) (Eastern Anatolia Region
           Example)

    • Authors: Harun KOÇ; Alper KARADAĞ
      Abstract: Described as a global epidemic by the World Health Organization and rapidly affecting the world since the beginning of 2020, the Covid-19 pandemic has created many negative effects on both individuals and societies in physical, emotional, social and economic dimensions. In this study, “The anxiety of catching the New Type Coronavirus (Covid-19) of Sports High School Students was examined by considering gender, age, class level and active sports status. The study that carried out with the general screening method which developed by Demir, Cicioğlu and İlhan (2020) the "Athletes' Anxiety Scale for catching New Type Coronavirus (Covid-19)" was used. A total of 683 participants, 444 males and 239 females, studying at sports high schools in the Eastern Anatolia Region, participated voluntarily. In the comparison of the descriptive statistics of the data with two and more groups, the T-Test and One Way ANOVA tests were performed using the SPSS 22.0 package program, respectively, and the level of significance was accepted as p<0.05. While there was no significant difference in the anxiety levels of the participants according to the gender variable, a significant difference was found according to the class(grade) level (p<0.05). The level of anxiety, which was evaluated over two sub-dimensions, showed a similar difference in the socialization anxiety dimension of those who did active sports and those who did not during the covid 19 process, and a significant difference in the individual anxiety dimension (p<0.05). It can be said that the changed environmental conditions that restrict the lifestyle have different effects on individuals according to their demographic characteristics. It is thought that taking into account variables such as age and gender, together with routines related to life, in studies aimed at reducing the negative effects of extraordinary processes on the emotional dimension of individuals and societies will strengthen the efforts in this process.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Effect of a Specialized Karate Corrective Exercise Program on Flat
           Feet and Foot Indices in Karatekas

    • Authors: Hojjat JAVİDİ MOSTAGHNİ; Amin AZİMKHANİ, Mohammad Hossein KEYKHAEE
      Abstract: Amateur karate practitioners who suffer from flat feet are less successful than their other rivals. The athletes often have problems in their position in kata and explosive starts or fast reactions in Kumite. Since they suffer from flat feet, they are not resistant enough to the body's pressure on their feet. The researcher is now seeking to answer the question of whether a specialized karate training course can affect the pressure rate and amateur karate practitioners' flat feet. The current study is semi-experimental, using pre-test and post-test. The statistical population of this study included 20 individuals (10 with flat feet and 10 with normal). A foot scan machine evaluated the plantar pressure values in ten sole areas. The experimental group conducted specialized karate practices for 8 weeks, 3 sessions per week. Yet, the control group did not conduct a special practice at this time and continued their normal practices the same as before. The obtained data were analyzed using a covariance analysis test. This study showed that the rate of flat feet in the experimental group has improved after applying the corrective exercises (p≤0.05). Moreover, the planter pressure value was higher in the experimental group than in the control one (p≤0.05), which significantly improved after corrective exercises. The specialized karate exercises affect the sole, foot surface, and front foot pressure of amateur karate kids from 9-13 years old. Given the results of this study, identifying the amateur karate practitioners with flat feet using the tests of this study is recommended to be reformed through the corrective program. Moreover, the findings of this study showed that the plantar pressure value in people with flat feet is more than the control group. It was assumed that the increase in plantar pressure could be because of ankle overpronation. This value significantly decreases after using corrective exercises. 
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Effect of Static Stretching Exercises at Different Times on Heart Rate
           Variability Before Anaerobic Capacity Test

    • Authors: Tuncay ALPARSLAN; Ramiz ARABACI, Ali Kamil GÜNGÖR, Levent ŞENOL, Nuran KÜÇÜK
      Abstract: This study aimed to examine the acute effect of different durations of static stretching on heart rate variability (HRV) and, the anaerobic capacity of moderately physically active men during the Wingate anaerobic test (WAnT) at two different pre-exercise periods. Sixty-five healthy young male volunteers performed 10 s static stretching (STS) and 30 s static stretching (LTS) consisting of five static stretching exercises before WAnT on two non-consecutive days. HRV was measured pre (60 s), during (30 s) and post (60 s) WAnT after two different periods of static stretching. Anaerobic capacity variables were also measured during WAnT. STS and LTS had similar effects on other HRV parameters except for Mean-RR during the WAnT. There was no significant difference between the protocols applied in any of the anaerobic capacity test values. But there was a negatively significant relationship between the average power output of 30 s static stretching and pNN50. This result has shown that STS and LTS exercises have a similar effect during maximal exercise, so if the practitioners carry out static stretching exercises before maximal or high-intensity exercise, it is recommended to perform the STS exercise in terms of the economy of the exercise.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Investigation of the Effect of Stretching and Balance Exercises on
           Functional Movements in Volleyball Players Aged 12-14 Years

    • Authors: Ece ERVÜZ; Kemal GÖRAL
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of an 8-weeks stretching and balance exercise programmes on the functional movements in female volleyball players. 34 female volleyball players participated voluntarily in this study (Experimental group n=17; age 13.70±0.46 years; body weight 63.09±6.08 kg; height 173.76±5.05 cm; Control group n=17; age 13.64±0.49 years; body weight 60.31±4.91 kg; height 171.02±6.62 cm). For 8 weeks, the volleyball players in the control group continued their routine training programmes, while the volleyball players in the experimental group applied the stretching and balance exercise programmes in addition to their routine training programmes. Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) consisting of seven different functional movements was applied to the athletes at the 0th and 8th weeks. Differences between groups were analyzed using the Independent Samples T-test, and intra-group differences were analyzed using the Paired Samples T-test. While there was no significant difference in any variable between the pretests of the experimental and control groups (p>0.05); among the posttests, statistically highly significant results were found in the variables of right rotary stability, left rotary stability and FMS™ total point (t=2.954, p=0.006; t=3.411, p=0.002; t=4.162, p=0.000, respectively). The total FMS™ points of all the participants in the study were found to be ≥14. This showed low risk of injury in the participants. In conclusion, the stretching and balance exercise programmes can be beneficial in teaching and developing correct and effective movement patterns, especially starting at a young age.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Risk Management Scale in Health and Fitness Facilities: Validity and
           Reliability Study

    • Authors: Ali ERASLAN; Zafer ÇİMEN
      Abstract: In this research, it was aimed to develop a valid and reliable measurement tool that determines the level of risk management practices in health and fitness facilities. The participants of this research consisted of 450 managers, 153 women and 257 men, working at health and fitness facilities in Istanbul, Ankara, and Izmir. Item pool was created by the information, obtained from the international literature, leading associations in the health and fitness sector, sports managers, and sport scientists. Items were subjected to experts opinion twice, in terms of the clarity, the extent to which they belong and, the risk management measurement in general. All items were measured and sorted using a five-point Likert scale. Scale development process of the research was started with exploratory factor analysis (EFA), was conducted on data, obtained from 250 managers. Analysis was demonsrated that scale structure was consisted of 24 items and 3 dimensions (“construction and design”, “policy”, “member services”). Also EFA results were showed that total variance rate of the items in the scale was 61,160%. In the second stage of scale development process Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted. Second group of participants that, 200 managers were take parth this stage. CFA results were indicated that the model's goodness-of-fit indices of scale were within acceptable level. In addition, the reliability coefficient of the items in the dimensions of the Risk Management Scale in Health and Fitness Facilities (RMSHFF) was found out between 0.889 to 0.916 and 0.941 in general. As aresult, AFA and CFA analysis were introduced that, RMSHFF was a valid, reliable, and useful measurement tool for risk management practices in health and fitness facilities.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Mountaineering- A Study on Sensation Seeking and Death Anxiety

    • Authors: Burak GÜRER
      Abstract: Mountaineering includes high levels of sensation and death anxiety according to the way it is done. The level of risk in mountaineering affects the pursuit of sensation and death anxiety. In this research, it was aimed to examine the sensation seeking and death anxiety experienced by mountaineers. The population of the research consisted of mountaineers in Turkey, and the sample consisted of 516 (376 men, 140 women) athletes selected by random sampling method. The Turkish Death Anxiety scale developed by Sarikaya (2013) and the Sensation-Seeking scale developed by Hoyle et al., (2002) and adapted into Turkish by Çelik and Turan (2016) were used as data collection tools. Data were collected online and face-to-face during the climbs. Independent Sample t test, Anova and Correlation analysis were used in the analysis of the data. For mountaineers, sensation seeking and death anxiety emerged as a determining factor. Thrill seeking levels are above average. In general, mountaineers have a low level of death anxiety. Only winter climbers have moderate death anxiety. A low level of positive correlation was found between sensation seeking and death anxiety. Excessive excitement seeking and high death anxiety can cause mistakes while climbing. It is recommended that athletes do not perform activities above their own skills, abilities and experiences.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Organization Culture and Organizational Climate of Staff in Higher
           Education Institutions Providing Sports Education

    • Authors: Metin YÜCEANT; Orhan Fatih BALANLI, Hüseyin ÜNLÜ
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine the organizational culture and organizational climate levels of the administrative personnel working in the sports education higher education institutions of universities in terms of different variables and to determine the relationship between them. The research group consisted of 200 administrative personnel working in different universities. The “Organizational Culture Scale” developed by Harrison (1970) and adapted into Turkish by Mamatoğlu (2004) and the “Organizational Culture Scale” developed by Rogg et al., (2001) and adapted into Turkish by Özdemir (2006) “Climate Scale” was used. In the analysis of the data, arithmetic mean and standard deviation techniques from descriptive statistics were used. T-test was used to determine whether the organizational culture and organizational climate levels of the administrative staff differ in terms of gender, and one-way analysis of variance (Anova) was used to determine whether they differ according to the working time in the institution. In order to determine the relationship between the organizational culture and organizational climate levels of the administrative staff, multiple regression analysis was used to determine the Pearson correlation coefficient technique and its predictor. In the results obtained in the research; It has been observed that the organizational culture and organizational climate levels of the administrative staff are high. While there is no significant difference in organizational culture and organizational climate levels in terms of gender variable; A significant difference was found in terms of the variable of working time in the institution. In the study, a strong and positive relationship was observed in the organizational culture scale and organizational climate scale sub-dimensions and overall. In addition, it has been determined that organizational culture is a strong predictor of organizational climate. 
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Cross-Cultural Analysis of Physical Activity and Nutritional Habits in
           American and Turkish Children

    • Authors: Meral KÜÇÜK YETGİN; Shahla RAY, Elizabeth Anne MOORADİAN, Fatma ÇELİK KAYAPINAR, Georgia FREY
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to compare physical activity and nutritional habits in Turkish vs. American elementary school children. A total of 220 American and Turkish children who aged 9-11 years were included in the study. Student Health Assessment Questionnaire (SHAQ) was used to collect data. The normality of continuous variables was investigated by Shapiro-Wilk’s test and graphical assessments. Independent samples t-test was used for comparison of two normally distributed groups of continuous variables, while Pearson chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test were used for analysis of categorical variables p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. American children were determined to consume more red meat, snacks, cheese, milk, and candy (p<0.001), while Turkish children were determined to consume more cream chocolate, yogurt, juice, and water (p<0.005). American vs. Turkish children were more likely to participate in vigorous-intensity physical activity and sports teams(p<0.01), whereas attendance to weekly physical education classes was more common in Turkish vs. American children (p=0.005).The main reasons for physical inactivity and unhealthy nutritional habitswere reported to be insufficient time (48.2%), lack of friends (41.8%), and unhealthy nutritional habits in the family(27.3%) by the American children, and to be unsafe playgrounds (55.5%), lack of sports facilities (41.8%), and insufficient (45.5%) and expensive healthy food (37.3%) by the Turkish children. Meat, fat, and sugar consumption and physical activity rates were higher among American vs. Turkish children. Insufficient time and lack of friends in American children, and unsafe playgrounds and lack of sports facilities in Turkish children seem to affect participating in physical activity. Children from both countries found healthy food untasteful, while the impact of family on unhealthy nutritional habits has also been emphasized by American children and limited access to healthy and inexpensive food by Turkish children.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Qualitative Analysis of Psychomotor Oriented Blindfolded Training

    • Authors: Yunus KORKMAZ; Hulusi ALP, Hüseyin ÇAMLIYER
      Abstract: The purpose is to Analyse in detail, fundamental physical ability learned through activities which are control tested by vision-based impairment via blindfolding, against the act of teaching sporting techniques divided into components. All children within ages 10-13 which fail to correctly coordinate and hold posture while dribbling the ball standing, walking, running, etc; passing and receiving against a wall, a target on a wall, a specified basket hoop, etc; will be inducted to the testing (blindfolded) and control (Unrestricted) groups for the project. Twice a week (total of 80 minutes) for 8 weeks both groups will go through the same technical training through the same practice. Evaluations will be based on week 4 mid-tests followed by week 8 final tests. Upon statistical analysis of the mid and final tests, we find that the dribbling skills fundamentals showed significant improvement in regard to the blindfolded group. Using unorthodox strategies (limiting visual input) is found to be more effective in improving fundamental physical techniques. The testing shows us that the target physical goals that fall within quality and time limits have been achieved allowing for quicker skill acquisition and time saved on training, when the students visual input was limited.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Is Emotional Intelligence Important For Mental Skills' The
           

    • Authors: İhsan SARI; Salim İbrahim ONBAŞI, Esmanur KARAKAŞ
      Abstract: The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between mental skills and emotional intelligence of athletes. 160 males 76.2%) and 50 females (23.8%) as a total of 210 athletes voluntarily participated in the research. Athletes’ age was 21.10±2.68, their sport experience was 8.22±4.21 years and the length of weekly total trainings was found to be 10.56±6.06 hours. The Ottawa Mental Skills Assessment Tool and Emotional Intelligence Inventory in Sport were used as the data collection tool. Analyses were conducted in SPSS 22 program by descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation analysis and regression analysis with enter method. Pearson correlation analysis showed that all the dimensions of emotional intelligence were significantly correlated with goal-setting, self-confidence, commitment, relaxation, activation, focusing, imagery, mental practice and competition planning. Regression analysis showed that use of emotions significantly contributed to goal-setting, relaxation and imagery; appraisal of own emotions and use of emotions contributed to activation and mental practice; emotional regulation and use of emotions contributed to self-confidence; social skills contributed to focusing, social skills and use of emotions contributed to competition planning. It can be concluded in line with the finding of this research that athletes’ emotional intelligence was significantly correlated with mental skills and that emotional intelligence could contribute to mental skills of athletes. It can be suggested according to the findings that necessary practices can be performed to enhance athletes’ emotional intelligence which can in turn increase their mental skills. 
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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