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Jurnal Keolahragaan
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2339-0662 - ISSN (Online) 2461-0259
Published by Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta Homepage  [16 journals]
  • The impact of overhead dumbbell squat towards swimming speed of Tirta Palm
           Swimming Club members

    • Authors: Winaspita Aulia Putri, Adelia Handoko, Ulfa Elfiah
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Swimming athletes compete by how fast they can swim at a certain distance. One of the most important things that affect the swimming speed was the muscle strength of the arms and legs. The swimming speed can be increased by doing the physical exercise that can affect the arms and legs muscles which was called overhead dumbbell squat (ODS) exercise. The purpose of this study was to find out if there was an effect of ODS on increased breaststroke swimming speed of Tirta Palm Swimming Club members. This study was an experimental study with one group pretest-posttest design that was implemented for a month about 16-20 years old that met the qualifications of inclusion and did the ODS exercise thrice a week for 4 weeks. The duration of each exercise was 10 repetitions, 6 sets, and breaks for a minute in each set. The result showed that the average pretest swimming speed was 67,84 seconds and the post-test was 59,07 seconds. The analysis result of paired sample t-test showed a value p<0,001, so there was a significant difference between pretest and posttest. It could be concluded that overhead dumbbell squat exercises could enhance the swimming speed of Tirta Palm Swimming Club members.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.21831/jk.v10i1.37031
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The development of self-healing model with massage therapy and exercise
           therapy for a wrist injury

    • Authors: Nofa Anggriawan, Wara Kushartanti, Wallapa Choeibuakaew, Rina Yuniana
      Pages: 9 - 20
      Abstract: This research aims to produce a model of self-healing with massage therapy and exercise therapy for proper and effective wrist injury for the community to cure wrist injury. This research was a development research with stage: preliminary study and data collection, planning, product draft development, expert validation, product testing, revision and evaluation. The subjects of small-scale test were 5 people, subjects were large-scale test and product effectiveness test was 10 people using minimum sample size formula at FIK UNY Physical Therapy Clinic and Masase Terapi Cedera Olahraga Metode Ali Satia Graha. The instruments used to collect data were expert validation sheets, questionnaire sheets, and goniometers to measure range of movement of wrist joints. The results showed that model of self-healing with massage therapy and exercise therapy in wrist injury was valid. The results of validation of material experts and media experts were included in the high category. Product quality from small-scale tests and large-scale tests was categorized as high. The results of product effectiveness test showed a significant reduction in pain complaints, increased motion function and increased range of movement (ROM). The conclusion of this study was a model of self-healing with massage therapy and exercise therapy valid and effective for a handling wrist injury.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.21831/jk.v10i1.43853
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Correlation between nutritional adequacy, Fe content, body fat percentage,
           and muscle mass percentage with physical fitness

    • Authors: Sonya Hayu Indraswari, Mohammad Zen Rahfiludin, Ali Rosidi
      Pages: 21 - 30
      Abstract: This study aims to determine the correlation between nutritional adequacy, Fe content, body fat percentage, and muscle mass percentage with physical fitness in football athletes. Adequacy of nutrients (energy, protein, fat, protein and Fe) was obtained with a 2×24 hour recall. The Fe content value of Fe was measured using the cyanmethemoglobin method and sTfR was measured using the ELWASA method. The percentage of fat and muscle was obtained by using a Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis tool. Physical fitness was measured using the ACSPFT (Asian Committee on Standardization of Physical Fitness Test) test which includes long jumps, pull-ups, sit-ups, sprints or sprints, shuttle run tests, sit and reach and long runs. The bivariate statwastical test used was the Pearson and Rank-Spearman correlation test, while the multivariate test used the Linear Regression test. There was a correlation between carbohydrate adequacy and physical fitness (p = 0.008). Physical fitness related to carbohydrate adequacy was agility and hand muscle strength (shuttle run and pull-up). There was no correlation between adequacy of energy, protein, fat, Fe Content, fat percentage, muscle percentage and physical fitness of athletes. The results of multivariate analysis showed that the most influential on physical fitness was fat adequacy (Rsquwere=14,6%).
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.21831/jk.v10i1.46001
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • A study of physical fitness characteristics of junior wushu players depend
           on sex difference

    • Authors: Endang Rini Sukamti, Ratna Budiarti, Wisnu Nugroho, Yulvia Miftachurochmah, Kaukab Azeem
      Pages: 31 - 39
      Abstract: Physical fitness was an activity or exercise that can accelerate regeneration when performing several exercises or training. This study aimed to examine the physical fitness characteristics of male and female junior wushu players, followed by determining physical performance differences between both groups. The analytical observational study method was implemented to conduct this study using a cross-sectional approach Fifty junior wushu players (male: n= 25, height= 147.78 ± 12.96 cm; female: n= 25, height= 147.78 ± 12.60 cm) participated in this study by conducting some physical fitness tests. The results showed significant differences in the indicators of 20-meters running with a P-value of 0.049, backbend with a P-value of 0.000, and vertical jump P-value of 0.021. Meanwhile, there was no significant difference between male and female wushu players in the T-test, push up, sit up, dan sit & reach (P>0,05). From the results, it can be said that male players have higher scores in terms of weight, height, speed, and power, while female players have higher scores in terms of flexibility. This study concluded that it can be taken into consideration to optimize training and testing procedures for junior wushu players.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.21831/jk.v10i1.44068
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of body type, dietary intake, and cardiorespiratory function in
           college soccer players

    • Authors: Desty Ervira Puspaningtyas, Yuni Afriani, Silvi Lailatul Mahfida, Arta Farmawati, Wara Kushartanti
      Pages: 40 - 52
      Abstract: This study aims to analyze body type, dietary intake, and cardiorespiratory function of college soccer players. A total of 32 players (20 players from Yogyakarta State University and 12 players from Gadjah Mada University) were involved in this study. The study was carried out in April - June 2014. Body type, or somatotype, was calculated based on anthropometric measurements (weight, height, epicondylar humerus and epicondylar femur width, arm and calf circumference, and subcutaneous fat thickness). 24-hour food recall was used to measure the athlete's dietary intake. VO2max was used to describe the athlete's cardiorespiratory function, and it was measured by yo-yo intermittent recovery test level 2. The data were analyzed descriptively using statistical software. More than three-quarter of the players had normal nutritional status with body mass index=21.54±1.84. The majority player's body type was balanced mesomorph (2.6-4.4-2.7). Balanced mesomorph players and ectomorphic mesomorph players had adequate energy and protein intake (2,623.83 kcal energy and 75.82 g protein for balanced mesomorph players; 2.724.68 kcal energy and 84.83 g protein for ectomorphic mesomorph players). Ectomorphic mesomorph players had the highest VO2max level (52.37±2.61 ml/kg/min). Soccer players with a mesomorph component supported by good energy and protein intake have the most optimal VO2max level.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.21831/jk.v10i1.46303
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The experience and substance of aquatic activities learning in elementary
           schools from the perspective of physical education teachers

    • Authors: Hedi Ardiyanto Hermawan, Subagyo Subagyo, Nur Sita Utami
      Pages: 53 - 62
      Abstract: The objective of this phenomenological research is to describe the substance of aquatic activities learning based on the experience of elementary school physical education teachers in Yogyakarta City in carrying out aquatic activities learning. Ten elementary school physical education teachers in Yogyakarta City agreed to participate in this study. The research subjects were selected with the snowball sampling technique. A qualitative approach was used in data collection and data analysis. Open interviews were conducted based on the interview guide instrument. Data analysis techniques based on the Miles and Huberman model include data reduction, data display, and conclusion drawing/verification. The data obtained are the experience of physical education teachers in carrying out aquatic activities learning and the substance of aquatic activities learning for physical education teachers. Every word during the interview was recorded and rewritten for further analysis. The grouping process used Atlas.ti 22 software. The themes that emerge from the analysis consist of: (1) the learning process of aquatic activities; (2) parental support; (3) obstacles to learning aquatic activities; and (4) the substance of aquatic activities learning. The researchers see this phenomenon based on the Theory of Planned Behavior. The teachers’ decision to conduct aquatic activities learning does not depend on its substantiality only. However, aquatic activities learning needs the support of parents and schools.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.21831/jk.v10i1.47826
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The effect of diabetes exercise on the quality of life of type 2 diabetes
           mellitus patients

    • Authors: Nur Rachmawati Maulida, Jongky Hendro Prajitno, Nuniek Nugraheny Sulistiawaty
      Pages: 63 - 70
      Abstract: Physical inactivity and obesity are some of the main risk factors for diabetes mellitus (DM). The presence of DM might result in impaired quality of life (QoL). Our study aimed to firstly determine the association between diabetes exercise status and the QoL in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients and secondly to explore other factors associated with QoL among T2DM patients. This was an observational study with cross-sectional design of T2DM patients in dr. Trimurti primary health care (PHC) from January – December 2019. The subjects were recruited consecutively then categorized into treatment group (who performed diabetes exercise program) and control group (who did not perform diabetes exercise program).  then observed as in the exercise group (who performed diabetes exercise program) and in the non-exercise group (who did not perform diabetes exercise program). The dependent variable was the QoL and was collected through a modified questionnaire made from 30 questions. The maximum score for QoL was 120 (all 4 on the Likert scale) and the score results were categorized as poor if the score was < 96.5 and good if the score was > 96.5. Meanwhile, other data (comorbidities, exercise status, glycaemic status) were obtained through medical records. A total of 60 adult T2DM patients were recruited, consisting of 30 subjects each in the non-exercise and exercise groups. Male subjects, aged > 65 years, had bachelor's degrees, retired, married, had very high income, had no comorbidities, and exercised independently every week tended to have good QoL. In the exercise group, the majority of subjects (60%) performed diabetes exercise every two weeks and the majority (90%) had random blood glucose levels < 200 mg/dL. The chi-square test revealed a significant associaton between participation in diabetes exercise and QoL in T2DM subjects. Participation in diabetes exercise is associated with good QoL and better glycemic control in T2DM patients.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.21831/jk.v10i1.46115
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Digital technology in physical education distance learning during
           pandemic: teachers’ perspective

    • Authors: Soni Nopembri, Saryono Saryono, Nur Rohmah Muktiani, Anastasia Erlina Listyarinni, Mohd Izwan bin Shahril
      Pages: 71 - 82
      Abstract: The aims of study to describe the utilization of information technology and telecommunications in Physical Education (PE) distance learning process during the covid-19 pandemic. This quantitative study conducted  with a survey method. The subjects of this study were primary and secondary school PE teachers who were determined based on clusters of three regions/regions, namely: schools in urban, suburban, and rural areas in the Special Region of Yogyakarta with a total of 238 people.  Data was collected through a questionnaire distributed to the primary and secondary school PE teachers online and offline. The data analysis applied is descriptive quantitative with percentages. The results of the study show that PE teachers apply hardware and software that already exist and are popular in Indonesia. PE teachers  communicate with their students, especially WhatsApp, Email, Instagram, and Facebook, and also use social media applications in various ways. The utilzation of the Google Classroom as a Learning Management System (LMS) is very dominant.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.21831/jk.v10i1.48374
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The effect of exercise model and limb length on the accuracy of kuda
           service in sepak takraw

    • Authors: Hakim Irwandi Marpaung, Suryansah suryansah, Abdul Hakim Siregar
      Pages: 83 - 90
      Abstract: This study aims: (1) the differences in the effect of static and dynamic targets on the accuracy of kuda service; (2) the effect long and short limb on the accuracy of kuda service; and (3) the interaction between of static, dynamic targets and limb lengths (long and short) on the accuracy of kuda service by sepak takraw male players. This study method was an experimental research factorial design. The population was 32 athletes from PSTI Club Sleman and Bantul. 24 samples were chosen based on Slovin formula using the simple random sampling method. Data were collected through pretest and posttest by measurement leg length and service accuracy ability tast. Analyzed using analysis of variance (two-way AN0VA) at the significant level of α = 0.05. Results showed that: (1) there was a significant difference in effect of static dynamic targets on accuracy of kuda service; (2) there was significant differenceein effect long short limbs on accuracy of kuda service; (3) there was a significant interaction between of static, dynamic targets and limb length (long and short) to the accuracy of kuda service in sepak takraw male players.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.21831/jk.v10i1.47542
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Impact of e-sport games on the character building and sports culture

    • Authors: Sigit Nugroho, Sumarjo Sumarjo, Ahmad Nasrulloh, Kukuh Wahyudin Pratama
      Pages: 91 - 100
      Abstract: E-Sport games are examples of a game that is played without engaging in any physical activity. The objective of the research is to determine the impact of e-Sport games on character building and sports culture. This research utilized mixed methods. The researchers were using questionnaires to collect the quantitative data and they used qualitative data triangulation to collect the qualitative data. The students and lecturers of the Faculty of Sports Science, Yogyakarta State University comprised the research population. The convenience sampling technique was used to select the 35 students, while the lecturers and trainers used the purposive sampling with a total of 5 people. The quantitative research instrument consisted of a modified Likert scale questionnaire and the qualitative research instrument consisted of the researcher himself assisted by a list of themes. The researchers used Miles and Huberman’s quantitative data analysis techniques with descriptive percentage and qualitative analysis techniques for the data analysis. The findings of the research on e-Sport games have an impact on the formation of positive and negative characters. The impact of positive characters includes honesty, responsibility, cooperation, and courtesy and the impact of negative characters is depression, stress, and anxiety. While the influence of e-Sport games in sports culture includes hard work, discipline, respect, and competition. The positive impact of e-Sport games is in the very good category, with the highest factor being honesty (100%). The negative impact is in the moderate category, with the highest factor being depression (52.5%). While the e-Sport game on sports culture is in the very good category, with the highest influence is on hard work (95%). This research can be concluded that e-Sport games have a very good impact on character building and sports culture.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.21831/jk.v10i1.48310
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Influence of walking football on decreasing cholesterol and blood glycemic
           level

    • Authors: Siswantoyo Siswantoyo, Kukuh Hardopo Putro, Japhet Ndayisenga, Rajesh Kumar, Rozita Abdul Latif
      Pages: 101 - 109
      Abstract: The aims of this research to determine the impact of walking football on cholesterol and glycemic management in order to allow people to live healthily. This research is an experimental study with quantitative approach. The research sampling was 12 subjects from different category: (1) International students, (2) Local students, and employed persons. Technique collecting data using playground of futsal to assess variables like glycemic and cholesterol. Data analysis using independent test sample. To evaluate the subjects’ health condition, the research proceeded by pre-test first, for the second step a walking football was given during 12 weeks within 3 times per week. After the training a posttest has been provided to check the improvement of the subject’s health. The result showed that there is a strong different between pre-test and posttest on glycemic level with P (0.000) inferior to 0.05. Second there was a significant different from pre-test and posttest cholesterol data within P (0.000) inferior to 0.05. The walking football is a strong tool to help people at the different age to maintain their good condition but also to allow good performance for athletes. Walking football is very easy to apply and provide happiness
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.21831/jk.v10i1.48691
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Body fat levels and its negative correlation to apnea duration

    • Authors: Kukuh Pambuka Putra, Rambu Lawu Nedi Kristanti Retno Triandhini, Aditya Wicaksana, Sanfia Tesabela Messakh
      Pages: 110 - 117
      Abstract: Apnea ability is the main determining factor of freediving performance. Apnea relates to physiological factors that might be experienced by a free diver hence its ability is highly likely to correlate with various factors of human physiology. One of the suspected factors that affect apnea duration is body fat level. The fact that fat is distributed in almost all parts of the body, including respiratory organs and tracts, arises the suspicion of a possible correlation between fat accumulation and apnea ability. This research studies the correlation between body fat level and apnea duration. 30 males, aged 18-22 were the research participant. Body fat levels were measured using Bioelectrical Impedance Analyzer, while apnea duration was measured by the length of which the participants hold their breath while sitting silently in the pool. The obtained data were then analyzed using a series of tests: normality, correlation, and linear regression tests. Pearson Correlation test shows negative result (p<0,05) with the value of correlation coefficient -0.611 which means negative correlation with medium strength. The result of the linear regression test also shows a similar value of 0.611. Meanwhile, the value of the determinant coefficient (R square) is 0.374 (37.4%). Based on the value obtained, it can be inferred that body fat levels have 37.4% influence on the duration of apnea, while the other 62.2% are influenced by a variety of other factors
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.21831/jk.v10i1.48131
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Level of customer satisfaction on the service quality personal trainer

    • Authors: Abiyyu Amajida, Yudik Prasetyo, Enggista Hendriko Delano, Muhammad Fatih Humam
      Pages: 118 - 126
      Abstract: This research intends to identify customer satisfaction with the service quality provided by the personal trainers. This research was arranged based on theoretical studies related to the level of customer satisfaction with a particular service. The research was a descriptive quantitative study with a survey method and a questionnaire as the research instrument. This study was done in Health and Sports Center Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (HSC UNY) Fitness Center. Purposive sampling was used to do sampling on this research. Criteria of the samples were customers who used the services of a personal trainer at the HSC UNY Fitness Center, and the personal trainers were registered as employees of the facility. The sample size consisted of 15 people out of the total population of 700 people. Research data were analyzed by the Likert scale method. The validity and reliability tests of the questionnaire obtained a validity value of 0.875 and 40 valid statement items out of a total of 50 statement items. The result of data analysis showed that the level of customer satisfaction with the service quality of personal trainers is Very Satisfactory, with a mean score of 87% for all aspects. The tangible element scored 87%, the reliability aspect scored 88%, the responsiveness aspect scored 89%, the assurance aspect scored 88%, and the empathy aspect scored 81%. This study suggested that personal trainers improve their service quality to the customers to increase the number of customers.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.21831/jk.v10i1.44898
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The effect of online-based assignment responses and student creativity in
           PJOK during pandemic in rural and urban area

    • Authors: Padli Padli, Yanuar Kiram, Irfan Arifianto, Yogi Setiawan, Jeki Haryanto, Heru Syarli Lesmana
      Pages: 127 - 136
      Abstract: Creativity is an ability that must not be lost during a pandemic. The purpose of this study is to find out whether there is an influence of online-based task responses to students' creativity during the pandemic period and the difference is based on students living in rural and urban area. This type of research is a mixed method collected through an online-based assignment response questionnaire instrument, student creativity questionnaire instrument, and interview instruments. The sample of this study was a student of the 2017 physical education, health and recreational education program at Padang State University with a number of 68 students. The data analysis technique in this study uses descriptive statistical testing and simple linear regression testing. The results of this study indicate that there is an influence between online-based task response to 51.5% creativity. Furthermore, online task-based response category is either dominated by students living in urban areas with a percentage of 72.2%. Then review based on student creativity during a pandemic period for students living in urban areas categorized both with a percentage of 84.2% while students who live in ranked are considered less good with a percentage of 54.5%. This research is expected to contribute to the world of education today and can change the perspective of the community or an individual regarding the positive impact of the online assignment given to students in the pandemic period.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.21831/jk.v10i1.48652
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The effect of low impact aerobic exercise on increasing physical fitness
           for the elderly

    • Authors: Cerika Rismayanthi, Muhammad Ikhwan Zein, Rizki Mulyawan, Risti Nurfadhila, Rifky Riyandi Prasetyawan, Muhammad Sigit Antoni
      Pages: 137 - 146
      Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the effect of low-impact aerobic exercise on increasing physical fitness for the elderly. This one group of pretest-posttest quasi-experimental research recruited elderly subjects from Sumber Waras Elderly Association in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Twenty-four elderly subjects aged 60-70 years old participated in the 16 sessions of aerobic exercise intervention. All subjects completed pre-and post-intervention physical fitness tests comprising the aerobic/cardiovascular (CV) endurance (2 minutes step test), upper body strength (arm curl test), lower body strength (chair stand test), upper body flexibility (back scratch test), core and lower body flexibility (sit and reach test) and balance (8 foot up and go test). Changes in physical fitness (post- versus pre-intervention) of the subjects were analyzed using paired T-test. The normality and homogeneity tests were performed using the Kolmogorov Smirnov and Levene’s tests, respectively. Statistical significance was set to p < 0.05. This study showed that all physical fitness components, including aerobic endurance, upper and lower body strength, upper and lower body flexibility, and balance, were increased significantly in the subjects (p < 0.05). The results suggest that low-impact aerobic exercise positively affects physical fitness improvement in the elderly.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.21831/jk.v10i1.48743
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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