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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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Physical Education of Students
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2308-7250
Published by Kharkov National Pedagogical University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Evaluation of repeated sprint test protocols used in soccer with a global
           positioning system

    • Authors: Kaan Kaya, Barış Gürol
      Pages: 165 - 172
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. The aim of the research is to evaluate the 7x34.2 m Repeated Straight Sprint Test (RSST) and 7x34.2 m Repeated Change of Direction Sprint Test (RCST), which are used for improvement, measurement, and evaluation of repeated sprint ability, by using Global Positioning System (GPS). Material and Methods. Twenty-two professional soccer players participated in the research voluntarily. Internal and external load data were examined comparatively by using data as before and after the repeated sprint tests. External load data measured by 10 Hz GPS. Results. When the findings of the research are examined, it is seen that values of blood lactate concentrations which are taken after three and five minutes of the RCST are significantly higher than RSST protocol (p < 0.001***, p = 0.042*, respectively). In the study, the value of lactate which is taken five minutes after the RSST was measured as 9.60 ± 2.65 mM, while the value which is taken three minutes after RCST was measured as 9.75 ± 2.51 mM. Nevertheless, whereas there was a difference between the two tests in terms of lactate values, no significant difference was found in terms of perceived exertion. Conclusions. As a conclusion, according to the analyzes made after the RCST and RSST, we can say that the internal and external load performances of the athletes were very different. It has been observed that coaches, athletes, and practitioners can use two different test protocols for different objectives according to the purposes they set.
      PubDate: 2022-08-31
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2022.0401
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 4 (2022)
  • Investigation of communication skills perceived by students from

    • Authors: Serkan Hacıcaferoğlu
      Pages: 173 - 179
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. The aim of this research is to examine the communication skills of the students studying at the faculties of sports sciences, as perceived by the instructors. Material and Methods. The study was conducted using general survey model. The sample group of the study is consisted of a total of 714 randomly selected voluntary students, including 423 males and 291 females, who study at Faculty of Sports Sciences. The Communication Skills Evaluation Scale, was used as the data collection tool in the study. In the analysis of the data, t-test and one-way variance analysis and Tukey test analysis were used. Results. According to the variables of the high school they graduated from, the department they studied and the grade level, it was determined that the communication skills they perceived from the instructors were at a moderate level. In addition, it was determined that the perceived communication level of male students studying in the coaching department was higher than that of male students studying in the teaching department. Conclusions. Male and female students of sports sciences in the learning process should have effective communication skills in order to be prepared for their sociality and professional life. The acquisition of this skill largely depends on the efforts of the instructors in their courses and extracurricular activities during the undergraduate period. In this context, the instructors who attend the courses should be competent in their own branches, as well as being able to communicate positively and effectively with male and female students.
      PubDate: 2022-08-31
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2022.0402
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 4 (2022)
  • Association between body composition, physical activity level and Illinois
           agility test performance in young males and females

    • Authors: Erdem Subak, Kaan Kaya, Şaban O. Viga, Muhammed H. Ocak, Ceren Ağaoğlu, Aslı Bekiroğlu
      Pages: 180 - 187
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. Agility performance, which is a skill related to fast change of direction, explosiveness, and quickness, is a vital performance component for team sports. Illuminating factors that affect agility is substantial to understand the ability requirements and improve. This study aims to investigate correlations of the body analyze parameters and agility performance. Material and Methods. One hundred twenty three young participants (93 male, 30 female) were included in this research. Height, weight, fat (%), fat (kg), fat-free mass (FFM), muscle mass, total body water (TBW, kg, and %), bone mass, basal metabolic rate (BMR), metabolic age, visceral rating, and body mass index (BMI) measured for all participants. Illinois Agility Test (IAT) was used to analyze agility performance. A questionnaire including questions about the physical activity level of participants was applied to all participants after IAT. Results. Results showed that height was a dominant determinant of IAT performance. There were significant positive correlations between height (negative correlation in women), body weight, fat percentage, fat mass, and visceral rating level (p < 0.05). TBW (%) had a negative relation with IAT duration (p < 0.001). There was a statistically significant difference in terms of IAT between the participants who stated their physical activity levels as low, medium and high (p = 0.025*). Increased daily physical activity level and daily step count increased the agility performance (p < 0.05). Conclusions. Coaches and athletes should be considered especially body weight, fat (%), hydration status, and daily physical activity level to improve agility performance.
      PubDate: 2022-08-31
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2022.0403
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 4 (2022)
  • Effects of triphasic training model combined with two different cluster
           sets on vertical jump and reactive strength index

    • Authors: Selman Kaya, Salih Pınar
      Pages: 188 - 195
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim: This study aims to examine the effects of the Triphasic Training Model (TTM) applied with different set designs (15-30 sec intra-set) on reactive strength index (RSI) and vertical jump values. Material and Methods:. Sixteen male athletes over 18 with at least three years of strength training experience (2 days a week) actively engaged in sports participated in the study. The study group was divided into two groups by calculating the relative strengths. The 15-second cluster set (C15) group exercises were performed with 15 seconds of rest between repetitions, and the 30-second cluster-set (C30) group practiced the exercises with 30 seconds of rest between repetitions. The triphasic training model was applied to all study groups for six weeks. Countermovement jump (CMJ) and drop jump tests were performed on the athletes before and after the training. Optojump brand photocell system was used for CMJ and RSI tests. For the RSI test, the desk height was determined as 40cm. Kolmogorov-Smirnov values were examined to assess the homogeneity of the data. To compare the means between groups, ANOVA was used for Repeated Measures, and a t-test was used to compare the pretest-posttest mean of the groups. The statistical significance level was determined as p<0.05. Results: After triphasic training, CMJ and RSI values of both C15 and C30 groups increased (p<0.05). When the within-group pretest-posttest values were examined, it was seen that the C30 group showed more improvement than the C15 group. Conclusions: As a result, it was seen that the triphasic training model applied twice a week for six weeks improved the CMJ and RSI values of the athletes, and it was more effective to use C30 instead of C15 in the use of cluster sets.
      PubDate: 2022-08-31
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2022.0404
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 4 (2022)
  • Investigation of the relationship between university students' mobile
           gaming motivations and loneliness levels

    • Authors: Nazlı Deniz Öz, Ferhat Üstün
      Pages: 196 - 206
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. The aim of this study is to determine the mobile game motivations and loneliness levels of university students and to evaluate the relationship between them. Material and Methods. In the study, the "Mobile Game Motivation Scale" developed by Üstün ve Öz and the "UCLA Loneliness Scale" developed by Russell et al and adapted to Turkish culture by Demir were used as data collection tools. 365 (Nwomen:140; Nmen:225) university students participated in the study on a voluntary basis. SPSS package program was used in the analysis of the data, and it was tested with parametric tests. Results. As a result of the study, in favor of men in all Mobile Game Motivaton Scale and sub-dimensions according to gender, significant differences were found in the loneliness scale against those who have a higher income level than their monthly income. It can be said that the game motivation increases as the game playing time and weekly free time increase. In addition, a low level of positive correlation was found with Mobile Games Motivation Scale and UCLA Loneliness Scale. Conclusions. The researchers conducted their studies on the concept of 'motivation', which is considered to be a major deficiency in studies in the field of social internet in general and mobile games in particular, and 'loneliness', which is accepted as a universal problem, and reached generalizable results on generation Z undergraduate students. The researchers presented a different perspective to the literature by examining the relationship between 'loneliness' and the structure they created through the sub-dimensions of Mobile Games Motivation Scale 'developmental tasks', 'escape and competition' and 'mobile flow'.
      PubDate: 2022-08-31
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2022.0405
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 4 (2022)
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