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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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Physical Education of Students
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2308-7250
Published by Kharkov National Pedagogical University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Moral competence, dilemma discussion, and sports: unraveling the
           significance of framework, competitive level, and sporting experience

    • Authors: Małgorzata Bronikowska, Katerina Mouratidou, Maryna Khorkova, Michał Bronikowski
      Pages: 303 - 312
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. Stimulation of moral development is one of the most important tasks of modern education. Findings of recent studies indicate its importance for sound development of a young person. Research Objective: Examine the impact of moral dilemma discussions, the level of competitiveness, and years of sports training (experience) on athletes' morality. Material and Methods. The research study was conducted by the diagnostic survey method and was based on a quasi-experimental design with experimental and control (CG) groups. A sample of 352 university students in sport and physical education-related faculties participated in the study. They were assessed using Lind’s Moral Judgement Test (MJT) and the Moral Judgement Test in Physical Education (MJT-PE). Results. There were no interaction effects between years of sport practice and levels of general moral competence in an overall group. However, in terms of the sport-specific domain of moral competence, there was a tendency towards statistical significance of an interaction effect (p=0.07) on the levels of moral competence. This was in addition to the main effect (p=0.001) that differentiated the experimental and control groups. The findings indicated that the experimental group scored significantly higher (p=0.0008) on MJT-PE C-index than their control group peers. This disparity can be attributed to the amateur sports students in the experimental group, who exhibited significantly higher levels of moral competence compared to their amateur counterparts in the control group (p=0.0022). Conclusions. This study underscores the positive impact of dilemma discussions on athletes' moral competence within the realm of physical education and sports. The findings strongly suggest that implementing structured dilemma discussions can significantly benefit amateur athletes. This emphasizes the critical importance of incorporating ethical deliberations into athletic training programs, especially for Physical Education and Sports educators.
      PubDate: 2023-12-31
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2023.0601
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 6 (2023)
       
  • Psychological resilience for students of faculty of physical education and
           sports science

    • Authors: Adel Omar Salih, Ahmed Abdella Younis, Hamdi Chtourou
      Pages: 313 - 318
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. Understanding the psychological resilience of the student population is becoming increasingly significant in contemporary times. The research aims to identify the level of psychological resilience among students at the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, and also the differences in average scores in the level of psychological resilience among them. Material and Methods. The research used a descriptive approach, employing the survey method to collect data. The research sample deliberately included 68 male and female students from the teaching, training, and rehabilitation division in the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences. The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) was used after excluding some items to make it suitable for the Libyan environment. Results. The results show a high level of psychological resilience among the students in both the teaching and training divisions, while it was average for the students in the rehabilitation division. Additionally, there are statistically significant differences between the three divisions, with the teaching division having higher scores. There are no statistically significant differences between the training and rehabilitation divisions in terms of the scale of psychological resilience, due to the similarity of means. Conclusions. Increasing the level of students' psychological resilience may result from assigning greater responsibility to them during the field training period, which simulates their future work environment. Additionally, it is advisable to develop preventive programs aimed at reducing the low level of psychological resilience among students and to prepare guidance programs aimed at enhancing psychological resilience among students.
      PubDate: 2023-12-31
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2023.0602
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 6 (2023)
       
  • Unified bench press through the elimination of leg-drive to promote sports
           inclusion

    • Authors: Tiziana D'Isanto, Francesca D'Elia, Sara Aliberti, Felice Di Domenico, Giovanni Esposito
      Pages: 319 - 324
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. Among the weightlifting disciplines we find the bench press in Powerlifting and Para Powerlifting, which are very similar. They have never been combined for several reasons, the most important of which is the use of two different barbell lifting techniques. Unlike Para Powerlifting, Powerlifting in the bench press involves the use of leg-drive, i.e. leg thrust, which is considered one of the possible determining factors for the success of this exercise. The aim of the study was to test whether the elimination of the leg-drive technique in Powerlifting, followed by a protocol of adapting to the Para Powerlifting technique, without leg-drive, made a difference in terms of lifting the maximum load (1RM). Material and Methods. The subjects were 10 male amateur athletes (22,3 ± 2,4 years old). The training protocol, administered for 2 weeks, consisted of finding the best possible position on the bench in the absence of leg-drive. The 1RM test with leg-drive and 1RM without leg-drive were administered. A dependent-samples t-test was used to compare the differences in 1RM test using the two techniques. Results. The result was not statistically significant (p >.05), as the maxima with the two techniques remained unchanged. Discussions. Para Powerlifting technique, without leg-drive, in bench press, allows athletes without disabilities to lift the same weights as the leg-drive technique, or slightly less. Conclusions. The results obtained are promising and the study, if extended and focused on high-level athletes with positive results, could open a new page in sport, representing a new step in sport towards inclusion.
      PubDate: 2023-12-31
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2023.0603
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 6 (2023)
       
  • Acute effects of repeated isoinertial lunges on jump and sprint parameters

    • Authors: Mehmet Kale, Emre Celik, Ezgi Ayaz, Esen Kızıldağ Kale
      Pages: 325 - 333
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. Understanding the relationship between repeated isoinertial lunges and jump and sprint parameters is an important factor in achieving success in sports requiring explosive strength and speed. The aim of this study was to examine the acute effects of repeated isoinertial lunges on jump and sprint parameters. Material and Methods. Volunteered 42 students from Sports Sciences Faculty were participated to the study. They were randomly divided into experimental group (EG) (n=22, age=22.8±1.1year, height=180.6±7.1cm, body weight=77.5±8.8kg) and control group (CG) (n=20, age=23.0±2.1year, height=173.1±5.6 cm, body weight=71.3±8.4 kg). As pre- and post-tests, each participant performed squat jump (SJ), countermovement jump (CMJ), and 30m sprint on a non-motorized treadmill. Isoinertial lunges were included in 8 reps with dominant leg (DL), 1 min rest, and 8 reps with non-dominant leg (NDL). As a statistical analysis, pre- and post-test differences were analyzed with independent t test between groups and paired t test within groups. The level of significance was taken as p≤0.05. Results. There were pre-test and also post-test differences between groups in SJ (p<0.05) but there were no differences within groups. Both groups had significant pre- and post-test time, velocity, and power differences [for EG: p<0.01, p<0.001, p<0.01; for CG: p<0.001, p<0.001, p<0.01, respectively]. EG had significant pre- and post-test differences in stride frequency (SF) (p<0.01). There was a post-test SF difference between two groups (p<0.05). There were no statistically significant pre-test differences between the groups in 30m sprint parameters of NDL and DL. There were only significant post-test differences between the groups in SFDL (p<0.005) and NDL horizontal force (HFNDL) (p<0.01). EG had only significant pre- and post-test differences in SFDL and PNDL (p<0.005 and p<0.05). Conclusions. Detailed studies in SF and SFDL increases result by repeated isoinertial lunges should be beneficial focus on DL neuromuscular activation. Furthermore, incorporating repeated isoinertial lunges into training regimens could be a valuable strategy for enhancing specific aspects of athletic performance in sports that demand high levels of speed and explosive power.
      PubDate: 2023-12-31
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2023.0604
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 6 (2023)
       
  • Remote versus onsite proctored exams: comparing students’ results in
           physical fitness testing

    • Authors: Aiman A Sarhan, Faisal A Barwais
      Pages: 334 - 339
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. Since the outbreak of COVID-19, distance learning has become a widespread practice in educational institutions worldwide, leading to the adoption of remote electronic examinations (e-exams) as a primary method of assessment. This study aimed to compare the outcomes of admission tests for the sport sciences department, contrasting traditional face-to-face onsite testing with online-based remote testing. Material and Methods. A total of 500 students applied (n =177 distance learning students, n =323 onsite students). From the tests, differences in levels of physical fitness (long jump, sit-ups, burpees, and pull-ups/push-ups) were compared between the remote and the onsite participants. Results. According to univariate analysis of variance (ANOVA), there was a significant difference in the level of physical fitness (long jump, sit-up, burpees, and pull-up/push-up tests) between the remote participants (154.01 ± 83.1 cm; 13.85 ± 8.21 reps/60 sec; 6.76 ± 6.52 reps/30 sec; 11.36 ± 8.0 pull-ups/push-ups, respectively) and the onsite participants (172.34 ± 27.0; 15.28 ± 4.01 reps/60 sec; 27.29 ± 6.61 reps/30 sec; 14.76 ± 9.47 pull-ups/push-ups, respectively). Conclusions. The results of the present study indicate that the outcomes of physical fitness tests were significantly higher among onsite participants compared to remote participants. Despite the successful implementation of admission test procedures in the distance sport sciences department, the findings suggest a preference for physical fitness tests among onsite participants due to various factors, including 1) increased motivation, 2) model friction, and 3) competitive atmosphere.
      PubDate: 2023-12-31
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2023.0605
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 6 (2023)
       
  • 3D kinematic analysis of salto backward in acrobatic rock and roll: a case
           study

    • Authors: Adéla Chlapcová, Peter Olej, Oľga Kyselovičová
      Pages: 340 - 348
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. The aim of the study was to determine and compare basic kinematic characteristics in the key phases of the acrobatic element Salto backward tucked. Material and Methods. The research sample was created from two couples of the acrobatic rock and roll category Main class free style. The time, spatial, and time-spatial characteristics for both couples were determined based on a three-dimensional kinematic analysis. Measurements were carried out with Simi Motion 3D. The acrobatic element Salto backward tucked was chosen based on the fact that it is usually learned as the first overturn acrobatic element with the airborne phase. Results. In the time duration of the acrobatic element, a very similar duration was observed for both couples (CZ couple: 3.59 s and SK couple 3.55 s). The maximal height of the center of gravity the partner from the Czech Republic reach 3.54 m and partner from the Slovak Republic 3.35 m. The biggest difference noticed was between the male partners 14.59° in knee angle in the staff phase. Among the female partners, a difference was noted in the angle between the torso and the vertical plane at the moment of the end of the vertical displacement, when SK female partner has twice as much deviation of the torso, by exactly 19.49°. In the staff phase, differences in acceleration were also observed, when the male partner (16.56 m.s-2) and female partner (25.08 m.s-2) from the Slovak Republic achieved higher maximum acceleration. In the airborne phase was the biggest difference between female partners in the culmination point, namely in the angle in the knee joint (35.98°) and the angle between the torso in the vertical plane at the moment of opening the somersault (25.52°). Conclusions. The findings showed similarities and differences in various aspects of the performance, providing valuable insights into the kinematic structure of this acrobatic element in acrobatic rock and roll. Our study should contribute to the extension of knowledge of the kinematic structure of acrobatic element in acrobatic rock and roll.
      PubDate: 2023-12-31
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2023.0606
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 6 (2023)
       
  • University students’ physical features- reasons, consequences,
           solutions

    • Authors: Cristiana Lucretia Pop, Viorela Popescu, Rela Ciomag, Cristina Filip, Cristina Nae
      Pages: 349 - 357
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. Despite the growing concern about sedentary behaviors among the youth, there has been limited focus on understanding their impact. These behaviors significantly affect students' physical potential, productivity, and overall health. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of sedentary lifestyles on students and to assess their awareness and attitudes towards these behaviors. Material and Methods. A mixed method of investigation was applied, combining preliminary quantitative research with a qualitative analysis of results. A total of 247 students were measured and tested: 122 males and 125 females, with an average age of 19.3±0.7. The anthropometric parameter focused on was body mass index. The physical test applied was the standing long jump. Students' responses from narrative essays were the basis of the qualitative analysis. The quantitative data collected through measurements and physical tests were directly compared to standards. Results. It was found that 24.5% of young men are overweight or obese. The performance of women in physical tests was lower than average, bordering on poor. Students provided their insights on these findings. Their narrative essays were qualitatively analyzed and synthesized, focusing on the reasons, consequences, and potential solutions related to this issue. Conclusions. This study adds evidence to the limited literature investigating university students' attitudes, opinions, and contexts that contribute to a decrease in their physical potential. The current generation of university students is unmotivated to consistently devote time and energy to physical activities. The comments and insights from students have provided potentially beneficial information for decision-makers in the domains of health education, overweight prevention, and physical activity promotion.
      PubDate: 2023-12-31
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2023.0607
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 6 (2023)
       
  • Sensory integration research: priority scientific directions based on the
           analysis of Web of Science Core Collection resources

    • Authors: Olha Podrihalo, Wladyslaw Jagiello, Guo Xiaohong, Leonid Podrigalo, Tetiana Yermakova, Miroslawa Cieslicka
      Pages: 358 - 377
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. Monitoring the condition of athletes is one of the leading tasks in sports science. Predicting success and skill growth is an integral part of monitoring. The fulfillment of this task requires the use of modern methods and the sensory integration analysis occupies an important place. The purpose of this article is to analyze publications on sensory integration and identify priority research areas in this field. Material and Methods. The bibliometric database Web of Science Core Collection (WoS) was analyzed. 388 sources that met the search criteria for 2013-2023 were selected for primary analysis. Bibliometric methods were used for processing the obtained information. The program VOSviewer 1.6.18 was used for keyword analysis and direct citation analysis with the construction of bibliometric maps, visualization of cluster density, and weight – citations. Results. The leading publication categories in WoS were Neurosciences, Sport Sciences, Psychology, Psychology Experimental, Physiology, Rehabilitation. The distribution of publications by years was fairly evenly. Most publications were related to Germany and the USA. The most frequent institutions were German Sport University Cologne, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Shanghai University of Sport, Institute National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale Inserm, University of Freiburg. The most cited authors were identified. The constructed bibliometric maps allowed us to identify the leading thematic areas of research and current research directions in the field. The two most important clusters were identified. The largest cluster reflects research on balance and posture and the use of special exercises for rehabilitation in different population groups. The second cluster includes the most significant keyword in the whole map – "sensorimotor integration". The works reflect studies of sensorimotor integration, the study of movement features, and coordination and control of movement at different levels. Conclusions. The conducted bibliometric analysis of publications confirms the relevance of sensorimotor integration. A stable interest in this problem has been determined. Research in this area has neurophysiological, sports-recreational, and medical-rehabilitation directions. Neurophysiological research is aimed at analyzing balance and equilibrium and the application of various tests and functional samples. The sport context studies sensory integration in different sports. Recreational publications have investigated sensory integration as a criterion of health. The therapeutic and rehabilitation focus explores the use of sensory integration as a criterion for treatment and rehabilitation. A characteristic feature is the intersection of these directions. There is a lack of studies devoted to sensory integration in sport dancing. There is a lack of studies aimed at studying the psychophysiological state. These types of research should be assessed as relevant.
      PubDate: 2023-12-31
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2023.0608
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 6 (2023)
       
  • The relationship between physical activity and efficacy levels of
           university students

    • Authors: Ömer Faruk Özçelep, Atahan Turhan, Safiye Kandemir, Sibel Fidan
      Pages: 378 - 383
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. Physical activity encompasses a range of behaviors across different domains. A critical aspect is the correlation between the frequency of physical activity and perceived competence in these activities. This study aims to explore the relationship between the levels of physical activity and the self-assessed proficiency in physical activities among university students who opt for health-related elective courses. Material and Methods. This study involved 88 university students enrolled in health-related elective courses, including Spinal Health (SH), Posture Disorder (PD), and Physical Activity in Health Promotion (PAHP). Data collection was conducted using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form (IPAQ-SF) and the Physical Activity Efficacy Scale (PAES) surveys. For data analysis, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the Tukey test, a Post-hoc multiple comparison method, were employed. Results. The study revealed a weak negative correlation between IPAQ-SF and PAES scores. This indicates that as self-confidence and sense of competence increased, the level of physical activity decreased (p<0.05). Participants in the PAHP course exhibited higher levels of physical activity, as reflected in their PAES scores, compared to those enrolled in the SH course (p<0.05). Despite having a lower average income, students in the PAHP course demonstrated higher physical activity levels than those in other courses. Conclusions. The study demonstrated that as levels of physical activity efficacy increase, actual physical activity levels decrease, and vice versa. Furthermore, students enrolled in PAHP courses exhibited improved physical activity scores compared to those in other courses. It was also concluded that the income level of students does not significantly impact their level of physical activity.
      PubDate: 2023-12-31
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2023.0609
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 6 (2023)
       
 
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