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Journal of New Studies in Sport Management     Open Access   (Followers: 9)

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Physical Education of Students
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2308-7250
Published by Kharkov National Pedagogical University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Acute effect of upper body vibration on shoulder joint internal and
           external active position sense in healthy female university students

    • Authors: Mariam Ameer, Ammar Al Abbad
      Pages: 221 - 229
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. Neuromuscular and joint deep sensation adaptations have been linked to functional alterations and skill acquisition after body vibration training via muscular recruitment, coordination of motor units, and enhanced neural activation. The aim of the current study is to explore the effect of upper body vibration on shoulder joint active position sense in healthy female university students. Material and Methods. Sixty healthy female university students were distributed into two equal groups; 30 subjects in the control group (mean age 21 ± 2.2) and 30 subjects in the experimental group (mean age 20.9 ± 2.3). The shoulder joint active position sense was evaluated using Biodex Isokinetic Dynamometer Multi-Joint System 4 pro. In addition, the Power Plate ® Whole Body Vibration device was used as an intervention method from the push-up position. Results. After three vibration exposures of 60 seconds for each, the MANOVA test showed statistically significant differences in the average error scores of active joint position senses of shoulder external rotation only in the pre-post-test of the experimental group (p= .000). Moreover, the statistically significant difference was detected in the average error scores of shoulders external rotation in post-treatment intervention between both groups (p= .000). Conclusions. These results suggested that short-term vibration training may reveal an improvement in shoulder joint active position sense, particularly the shoulder external rotation. The use of vibration training to improve shoulder awareness and reduce the risk of injury when the shoulder externally rotates during different functions may therefore be advocated to physiotherapists.
      PubDate: 2023-10-30
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2023.0501
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 5 (2023)
  • Acute responses to repeated sprints on a non-motorized treadmill on
           dominant- and non-dominant leg sprint parameters

    • Authors: Mehmet Kale, Kerim Aktürkoğlu, Yeliz Yol, Esen Kizildag Kale
      Pages: 230 - 237
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. The aim of this study was to examine the acute responses to repeated sprints on a non-motorized treadmill on dominant leg (DL) and non-dominant leg (NDL) sprint parameters. Material and Methods. Volunteered students from Sports Sciences Faculty were randomly divided into experimental group (EG) and control group (CG). As pre- and post-tests, each participant performed 30m sprint test on a non-motorized treadmill. There were 6x20m with 1min on a non-motorized treadmill as repetitive sprints. As a statistical analysis, whether there is pre-test and post-test differences were analysed with independent t test between the groups and paired t test within the groups. The level of significance was taken as p≤0.05. Results. In comparisons within the groups, both groups had significant pre- and post-test differences in parameters of time (t), velocity (V), and power (P) [for EG, p<0.001, p<0.001, and p<0.001; for CG, p<0.001, p<0.001, and p<0.01, respectively]. CG had significant pre- and post-test differences in parameters of stride length (SL) and horizontal force (HF) (p<0.05). There were no statistically significant pre-test differences in 30m sprint parameters of NDL and DL. In post-tests, there were only significant differences in SLDL, HFDL, PNDL, and PDL (p<0.05, p<0.05, p<0.05, and p<0.01, respectively). CG had only significant pre- and post-test differences in SLNDL and SLDL within the group’s comparisons (p<0.05). Either EG or CG had significant pre- and post-test differences in PDL (p<0.05). Conclusions. In conclusion, repeated sprints may exhibit shorter strides to overcome horizontal resistance and fatigue, resulting in reduced SL and greater P exerted in the DL.
      PubDate: 2023-10-30
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2023.0502
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 5 (2023)
  • Effects of active video gaming on oxidative stress and antioxidant status
           in university students

    • Authors: Cihan Aygün, Hayriye Çakır-Atabek
      Pages: 238 - 246
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. Many findings have demonstrated that several life-threatening diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, obesity-related diseases, and certain types of malignancies, can be prevented by exercise. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) may be the direct or associated factor that causes or prevents these diseases. It is well known that a strenuous and high-intensity acute exercise increases ROS production and intensifies oxidative stress. At this point, the importance of physical activity (PA) and exercise in reducing oxidants and improving antioxidant defense system increasing. The purposes of the current study were to investigate the short term (acute) and long term (chronic) effects of active video gaming (AVG) on oxidative stress indices. Material and Methods. Nine healthy male university students participated in the study. The participants played an AVG as vigorous physical activity (MET > 7) for 20 minutes, three days a week, for 4 weeks. Each participant completed twelve game sessions. Blood samples were obtained just before (after 10 min rest in seated position) and immediately after the game session on the first and the last day of the study. Total oxidant and antioxidant status (TOS and TAS) were determined using an automated measurement method, and the oxidative stress index (OSI) was calculated. Total oxidized guanine (TOG) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were analyzed using commercial kits (Cayman Chemical). Data were analyzed with dependent t-tests and significance was accepted as p<0.05. Results. The SOD activity significantly decreased after the AVG on the first day (4.78 ± 1.26 vs. 3.81 ± 1.80; p=0.026). The TOS (6.62 ± 1.09 vs. 7.30 ± 1.24) and TOG (9.26 ± 2.69 vs. 9.78 ± 2.62) levels increased on the first day, but these alterations were not significant. Additionally, no significant acute changes were observed for the last day of the study Conclusions. The 4-week active video gaming practices did not change the oxidative stress status of pre-game, chronically. Four-week-AVG practice did not change oxidative stress indices significantly in rest.
      PubDate: 2023-10-30
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2023.0503
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 5 (2023)
  • Respiratory function rehabilitation in individuals with Covid-19: swimming

    • Authors: Harun Genç, Ebru Ceviz, Oktay Kızar, Kadriye Dinçer
      Pages: 247 - 252
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. Understanding the impact of swimming exercises on post-Covid-19 respiratory function is crucial for optimizing recovery strategies in affected individuals. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of 8-week swimming exercises on respiratory function parameters in adult individuals who have had Covid-19 disease. Material and Methods. Sixteen male students, aged 19-21, voluntarily participated in the study. Eight participants were assigned to the experimental group (EG), and eight to the control group (CG), all of whom were students of the Faculty of Sports Sciences at the University. The EG underwent an 8-week swimming exercise program conducted at the Bingöl Youth and Sports swimming pool (25 meters), three days a week. The CG was not involved in any exercise regimen. Pulmonary function tests (FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC, PEF) were conducted using a Cosmed Pony FXdel 2016 spirometer, one day before and one day after the exercise program for both EG and CG. Data analysis was performed using Independent Samples and Paired Samples T tests in SPSS 25, with a significance level set at p < 0.05. Results. A statistically significant increase in respiratory FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC, and PEF function values was observed in the experimental group (EG) after the exercise intervention (p < 0.05). This increase was observed when comparing these values to their pre-exercise measurements. In contrast, there was no statistically significant difference in respiratory function results before and after exercise in the control group (CG) (p > 0.05). Conclusions. The findings of this study highlight the therapeutic potential of an 8-week swimming exercise program in significantly enhancing respiratory function among adult individuals who have previously contracted Covid-19. These results offer valuable insights for the development of post-Covid-19 rehabilitation protocols, emphasizing the importance of regular exercise, such as swimming, in the recovery process.
      PubDate: 2023-10-30
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2023.0504
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 5 (2023)
  • Multimedia-enhanced learning of volleyball rules in physical education and
           sports faculties

    • Authors: Ahmed Tayoush, Ahmad Hamad , Hamdi Chtourou
      Pages: 253 - 260
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. As technology's role in education grows, assessing its efficacy in sports curriculum becomes increasingly crucial. In light of potential limitations in traditional teaching methods, exploring innovative approaches becomes imperative to enhance the learning experience. This study investigates the impact of multimedia usage in teaching the theoretical aspects of volleyball rules within faculties of physical education and sports sciences. Material and Methods. The research included a total of 87 students. From this pool, 20 students were selected to form two groups, each consisting of 10 students. This study compared two groups using two different teaching methods: a multimedia-based program group and a traditional program group. The research employed a descriptive approach and the causal-comparative study method. Results. The results indicated that the use of multimedia had a positive impact on teaching the theoretical aspects of volleyball rules courses. There were statistically significant differences between the pre- and post-measurements of the traditional program group, with the post-measurement being superior. Furthermore, significant differences were observed between the two post-measurements of the two groups, with the multimedia-based program group showing a superior outcome. Conclusions. These results emphasize the potential of multimedia as an effective tool for enriching sports curriculum within faculties of physical education and sports sciences. Further exploration of multimedia's role in education is warranted to harness its full potential for pedagogical enhancement.
      PubDate: 2023-09-25
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2023.0505
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 5 (2023)
  • The effects of reciprocal, self–check, and command teaching styles
           on dance learning

    • Authors: Durdica Miletic, Alen Miletic, Slavoljub Uzunovic
      Pages: 261 - 269
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. Implementation of dance in physical education is in conformity with the requirements of modern education which fosters lifelong exercise for health and quality of life. The study aimed to determine which of the applied teaching styles would have the most significant impact on dance learning and the improvement of dance performance. Additionally, to assess the effects of these teaching styles on factors such as Task climate, Social relatedness, Autonomy, and Ego climate, as well as the relationship between these effects and gender. Material and Methods. The study was carried out on a sample of 58 students attending a university study program for a Physical Education teacher, aged between 20 and 22, divided into three groups: reciprocal (N=19), self-check (N=18), and command (N=21). The study utilized the Motivational Climate on Physical Education Scale (MCPES). Results. The two-way Analysis of variance and the Tukey Post Hoc Test were used to analyse the differences in teaching styles as well as differences according to gender. During the learning process, differences between teaching styles progressively increased. The preferred teaching style in partner dances was the reciprocal style, which led to a significant improvement in the learning process, particularly among female students. Conclusions. The obtained results suggest that the reciprocal style is the most effective method for learning dances that are performed in pairs. Student-centred teaching style more than teacher –centred, should be preferred when learning dances.
      PubDate: 2023-10-30
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2023.0506
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 5 (2023)
  • Investigating the predictors of physical activity behavior among female
           college students in Saudi Arabia using the theory of planned behavior

    • Authors: Zuhair A. Al Salim
      Pages: 270 - 278
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. Physical inactivity is a major public health concern, particularly among female college students in Saudi Arabia. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) suggests that attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control (PBC) are important predictors of behavioral intentions and behaviors. The aim of this study was to examine the role of attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control in predicting physical activity intentions among female university students in Saudi Arabia, using the theory of planned behavior as a framework. Material and Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 758 female college students from the University of Hafr Al Batin in Saudi Arabia. The measurement tool consisted of Godin-Shephard questions on leisure-time physical activity and theory-planned behavior questionnaires. Results. The study found that perceived behavioral control and attitude were significant predictors of physical activity intentions among female college students. However, subjective norms did not have a significant impact on the predictor variable. Furthermore, there was a statistical effect to predict involvement in physical activity from physical activity intention among female college students.. Conclusions. The study's findings suggest that the theory of planned behavior is a useful framework for understanding and interpreting physical activity intentions among female college students in Saudi Arabia. Interventions that aim to increase perceived behavioral control and positive attitudes towards physical activity may be effective in promoting physical activity among this population.
      PubDate: 2023-10-30
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2023.0507
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 5 (2023)
  • Model characteristics of the structure and interrelations of integral
           parameters of students' physical condition

    • Authors: Oleksandr Pryimakov, Marek Sawczuk, Oleksii Tymoshenko, Nataliya Mazurok
      Pages: 279 - 293
      Abstract: Background and Study Aim. Understanding the physical condition parameters of students during physical education classes is essential in the context of modern education. This understanding contributes to the development of effective teaching strategies tailored to the specific needs of this demographic. The aim of the study is to investigate the structure and interrelations of physical condition (PC) parameters of students aged 17-19 years in the process of physical education classes. Material and Methods. The study involved 153 students aged 17-19 years old, and their physical development, functional, and physical fitness indices were recorded. The study analyzed intra- and intergroup correlations among 55 physical condition (PC) indices. It examined the correlations among integral components of students' structure, including somatic health (SH), adaptation potential (AP), aerobic physical work capacity (APWC), and biological age (BA). The study utilized factor analysis, correlation analysis, dispersion analysis, and regression analysis to examine the relationships and patterns within the collected data. Results. The analysis of intra- and intergroup relationships among the studied parameters revealed that the structure of physical condition (PC) is consistent between girls and boys. There are close linear dependencies, similarities, and differences in the interrelations of integral PC parameters, including somatic health (SH), adaptation potential (AP), aerobic physical work capacity (APWC), and biological age (BA), between boys and girls. The regression model coefficients indicate that for both genders, SH is influenced by APWC and AP. In girls, AP is dependent on SH and BA, while in boys, AP depends on SH, BA, and APWC. A strong relationship between APWC and resting heart rate (HR) was identified during testing, with boys demonstrating higher levels of APWC at lower initial HR values compared to girls. Conclusions. The study has provided valuable insights into the key components of the physical condition (PC) structure among 1st-year students. These components encompass physical development, adaptation potential, health, cardiorespiratory system functional capacities, speed-strength fitness, biological age, and degree of aging. Findings emphasize the significance of resting bradycardia as an informative marker and criterion for assessing APWC during moderate-intensity muscle activity. The developed mathematical models have proven effective in modeling and predicting students' PC, including the individual integral components (SH, AP, APWC, and BA). These models provide valuable tools for anticipating potential changes in these parameters.
      PubDate: 2023-10-30
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2023.0508
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 5 (2023)
  • Moral decision-making attitude and psychological well-being: reflections
           from various sports branches

    • Authors: Arif Özsarı, Alpaslan Görücü
      Pages: 294 - 302
      Abstract: Background Study Aim. This study aimed to investigate the impact of moral decision-making attitudes among athletes in various sports on their psychological well-being. Material and Methods. A total of 345 active, licensed athletes (also students) participated in this study, with a mean age of 19.62 years (215 females and 130 males). The sports represented included athletics, badminton, basketball, boxing, fencing, football, wrestling, handball, hockey, judo, kickboxing, table tennis, taekwondo, wheelchair basketball, volleyball, and swimming. In addition to descriptive statistics, correlation and regression analyses were conducted within the framework of a relational model. Results. The study revealed significant relationships between different sub-dimensions of the moral decision-making attitude scale and psychological well-being. Specifically, a significant negative relationship (r = -0.162, p < 0.001) was observed between adopting cheating, a sub-dimension of the moral decision-making attitude scale, and psychological well-being. Conversely, a significant positive relationship (r = 0.158, p < 0.001) was found between protecting fair competition, another sub-dimension of the moral decision-making attitude scale, and psychological well-being. It was determined that adopting cheating had a significantly negative effect on psychological well-being (β = -0.188, p < 0.001), while protecting fair competition had a positive effect (β = 0.183, p < 0.001). Conclusions. This study suggests that athletes experience a negative impact on their psychological well-being when they engage in cheating as part of their moral decision-making attitudes. Conversely, their psychological well-being benefits from their commitment to fair competition. It can be argued that athletes' moral responsibilities contribute to their psychological resilience and well-being.
      PubDate: 2023-10-30
      DOI: 10.15561/20755279.2023.0509
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 5 (2023)
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