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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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  • Letter from the Editor: OATA Special Issue 2023

    • Authors: Sara Stiltner
      Abstract: Letter from the EditorThank you for viewing the OATA Annual Meeting Special Issue of theJournal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences:The Official Journal of the OATA.This is our 9th year working in conjunction with theOATA Annual Meeting to open a new volume of the JSMAHS.This special issue would not be possible without the Managing Editor, Cole Dearing and the OATA Research and Grant Subcommittee Members who spend time and pour in effort to provide highly critiqued blinded peer review of the OATA Free Communication s. Those members include: Stacey Busser, Akron University, Matthew Brancaleone, The Ohio State University, Chrysten Gessel, Mariette College, Dennis Gruber Ashland University, Matt Kutz Florida International University, Shelley Payne, Otterbein University, Janet Simon (Co-Chair) Ohio University, and Jenny Toonstra Bowling Green State University. Over the last 9 years the JSMAHS has continued to grow and expand its publication portfolio and peer review team. The JSMAHS is supported by the Bowling Green State University Libraries specifically, Emily Gattozzi and the School of Applied Human Performance Dean, Dr. Dawn Shinew.Special recognition to the abstract authors having scored highest amongst peer reviewers:Professional Original Research: Shelley Payne, The Effect of Fatigue on Lower Extremity Joint Kinematics and PerformanceStudent Original Research: Lauren Linn, Rates of Burnout Among Collegiate Athletic Trainers During the COVID-19 PandemicProfessional Critically Appraised Topic: Sara Stiltner, Efficiency of Corrective Exercise on Improving functional Movement within the Tactical Population: A Critically Appraised TopicStudent Critically Appraised Topic: Cole Dearing, The Effect of instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization on Improving Joint Range of Motion in Active Individuals: A Critically Appraised TopicLast, growth of the JSMAHS would not be possible without the support of the OATA Membership, Executive Committee, and Editorial Board and Peer Review Team. Thank you all for your encouragement and continued support.We thank all presenters, authors, and reviewers. We look forward to the 2024 submissions!Sincerely,Sara StiltnerEditor-in-Chief Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainer Association
      PubDate: Fri, 05 May 2023 14:12:26 PDT
  • Perceptions Among Athletic Trainers’ Education in Treating Athletes with
           Attention Deficit Hyperactivity and Autism Disorders

    • Authors: Juliette Mueller et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVEThe purpose of this study was to investigate the education and preparedness of athletic trainers when caring for athletes with Attention.Deficit.Hyperactivity.Disorder (ADHD) and or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
      PubDate: Fri, 05 May 2023 14:12:23 PDT
  • Athletic Trainers Knowledge and Practices for Sudden Cardiac Death

    • Authors: Brent McClure et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVESudden cardiac death (SCD) is one of the leading causes of death in athletics, despite athletic trainers working as first responders for athletic events. The purpose of this study was to assess athletic trainers’ knowledge of SCD, and to analyze perceptions regarding evidence-based practice. This study aimed to answer how the NATA position statement has impacted athletic trainers practice, and to identify potential limitations in implementing best practice.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 May 2023 14:12:19 PDT
  • Unreported Concussions within Law Enforcement Officers

    • Authors: Bailee Faulkner et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVEUnderstand the degree to which concussions go unreported among members of the Law Enforcement community.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 May 2023 14:12:15 PDT
  • Perceived Knowledge and Confidence of Social Determinants of Health in
           College and Secondary School Athletic Trainers

    • Authors: Lauren Redfern et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVEFor most athletes, their athletic trainer is the healthcare provider with whom they interact the most while for others, ATs are the only health care professionals they interact with. It is crucial that ATs can assess and implement strategies that account for SDH in athletes. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the number of years certified as an athletic trainer in the college and secondary school settings and perceived knowledge of factors and confidence in the implementation of interventions to address social determinants of health (SDH) when treating patients.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 May 2023 14:12:12 PDT
  • Usage and Influence of Dietary Supplementation Amongst Adolescent Athletes

    • Authors: Allison Harlow et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of dietary supplements or ergogenic aids amongst high school athletes.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 May 2023 14:12:08 PDT
  • The Effect of Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization on Improving

    • Authors: Cole E. Dearing et al.
      Abstract: CLINICAL SCENARIOIn all activities that require physical movement, whether in athletics or in other daily tasks, it is important for joints to have adequate range of motion and flexibility. Soft tissue restrictions are very common pathologies in healthcare. Although a decrease in myofascial range of motion can arise from a variety of reasons such as biomechanical deformities, autoimmune diseases, or age, it is often caused by overtraining or musculoskeletal injuries in active populations. Instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization techniques are gaining popularity to assist in treating various soft tissue injuries and musculoskeletal pathologies. The belief is that by applying a stimulus to the soft tissue around a joint, it will increase the number of fibroblasts, through localized inflammation, and result in a realignment of collagen fibers2. While some studies have shown positive outcomes of instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM), there has been limited evidence to determine the efficacy of this modality in improving joint range of motion (ROM).
      PubDate: Fri, 05 May 2023 14:12:03 PDT
  • Rates of Burnout Among Collegiate Athletic Trainers During the COVID-19

    • Authors: Lauren Linn et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVEThe purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of COVID-19 related tasks on the rates of burnout in athletic trainers practicing in the collegiate setting.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 May 2023 14:12:00 PDT
  • Efficacy of Corrective Exercise on Improving Functional Movement within
           the Tactical Population: A Critically Appraised Topic

    • Authors: Sara Stiltner et al.
      Abstract: CLINICAL SCENARIOPolice, fire, emergency medical services, and military personnel encompass a tactical population that is considered an emerging setting in athletic training.Due to the occupational demands within this demographic, these patients are experiencing musculoskeletal injuries and injuries that withhold them from career duties at an alarming rate. One of the main contributors to the incidence of musculoskeletal injury is a lack of functional movement.1-3 Incorporating corrective functional movement programs should be a primary goal in treating tactical populations.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 May 2023 14:11:56 PDT
  • The Value of the Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening (VOMS) in Evaluating
           Adolescent Patients with Concussions

    • Authors: Laura Harris et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVETo determine the VOMS can differentiate between typical and protracted recoveries in adolescent patients.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 May 2023 14:11:52 PDT
  • A Comparison of Skill Retention from Two Instructor-Led BLS CPR Courses

    • Authors: Michelle R. Wilson et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVECPR skill retention is vitally important on successful resuscitation outcomes. This study examined college students’ retention of Adult CPR skills 6 months following participation in an instructor-led CPR course presented in two different formats.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 May 2023 14:11:49 PDT
  • Injury Rates in Fly-Fishing: An Analysis of Contributing Factors

    • Authors: Andrea Cripps et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVEThe sport of fly-fishing has experienced significant growth since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. There is very little literature available to quantify injuries associated with the sport of fly-fishing. Previous injury surveillance studies demonstrated certain casting styles and equipment may lead to upper extremity pain or injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate factors that can contribute to injuries that occur while participating in the sport of fly-fishing.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 May 2023 14:11:45 PDT
  • Attrition and Retention Factors of Dual-Appointment Athletic Trainers

    • Authors: Elizabeth A. Starns et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVEThe factors leading to athletic trainer (AT) job attrition and retention and the impact and on the profession regularly appear in athletic training literature and research. This literature and research found work-life balance, including work-family conflict, burnout, and work factors, such as hours worked and compensation, to be the primary attrition and retention factors for athletic trainers that are currently in traditional athletic training roles or have left the profession1-14. Similar to athletic trainers, research shows university faculty job attrition, regardless of specialty, is caused by work-life balance, specifically work-family conflict. However, unlike athletic trainers, faculty attrition is also due to job dissatisfaction, including poor department climate and fit, lack of opportunity and support for professional growth, and low financial compensation15-35. While athletic trainers and university faculty attrition and retention factors have been studied individually, little research includes dual-appointment athletic trainers (DAAT). DAAT are BOC certified and state licensed athletic trainers that work at a university in both a traditional educational role and in the athletic training room providing sports medicine coverage36. The purpose of this study was to evaluate DAAT insights regarding attrition and retention.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 May 2023 14:11:41 PDT
  • The Effect of Fatigue on Lower Extremity Joint Kinematics and Performance

    • Authors: Shelley Payne et al.
      Abstract: OBJECTIVEACL injuries are multifactorial in nature meaning they can be the result of faulty biomechanics, individual genetic predisposition, or environmental factors (Alentorn- Geli et al., 2009). A focus of most healthcare professionals including physical therapists and athletic trainers includes the screening for preventable risk factors for non- contact ACL injuries. Preventable risk factors include asymmetry between a person’s limbs, decreased hamstring strength, increased muscle fatigue, decreased landing angle of hip and knee Tlexion, increased valgus landing, and lack of Tlexibility in the hip internal rotators (Brophy, 2021). Given the short and long-term negative consequences of an ACL injury, it is important for healthcare providers to explore screening and prevention techniques to employ with at-risk athletic populations.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 May 2023 14:11:37 PDT
  • Changes in Attitudes and Functional Performance After an Educational
           Intervention and Participation in the DIME in Cadets

    • Authors: Emily Gabriel et al.
      Abstract: Introduction: Cadets frequently suffer from lower extremity injuries, but fail to participate in effective injury prevention programs (IPPs). The purpose of this study was to determine if an intervention focused on benefits and barriers of IPP with participation in an IPP would change attitudes towards participating in IPPs and functional performance. Methods: Thirty-four ROTC cadets (Male: n=28, Age: 19.67±1.45 years, Height: 175.57±8.30cm, Mass: 75.38±14.30kg) volunteered to participate in the study. Participants completed the Health Belief Model Scale (HBMS), Theory of Planned Behavior Scale (TPBS), Y-Balance test, Landing Error Scoring System, 2-mile run, push-up test, and sit-up test. During the Army Physical Fitness program, the Dynamic Integrated Movement Enhancement (DIME) program was implemented by cadet student leaders whom also tracked compliance. Every 2 weeks, participants would self-report participation in the DIME and also be exposed to the intervention presented as an infographic on the benefits and barriers of the DIME as well as potential solutions for barriers. All testing was repeated at the end of the fall semester. Results: Compliance over the 10-week period was 87.2%. Participants had improvements in individual self-efficacy, Y-Balance test performance, 2-mile run, and sit-up test. However, HBMS perceived consequences, HBMS perceived benefits, HBMS community-led self-efficacy, TPBS perceived benefits, TPBS perceived barriers, TPBS social norms, TPBS social influence, and TPBS intention to participate all worsened. The most common reason for lack of participation in the DIME was time. Discussion: Participants were more confident in their ability to participate in IPPs after the intervention and also improved in several aspects of functional performance. However, several subscales worsened after participation. Future research should focus on determining effective strategies to improve attitudes towards IPP participation to enhance compliance.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Feb 2023 08:32:48 PST
  • Buford Complex in a High School Softball Player with Glenohumeral
           Multidirectional Instability and Cubital Tunnel Syndrome with Ulnar Nerve

    • Authors: Austin T. Cook
      Abstract: A 15-year-old female high school softball player with no prior history of either shoulder or elbow pathologies presented with pain in the elbow of her throwing arm that progressed to her shoulder during her high school softball team’s fall season. The athlete received an MRI showing the presence of a Buford complex, a normal anatomical variation of the glenoid labrum in which the anterosuperior portion of the labrum is undeveloped in conjunction with an overdeveloped cord like middle glenohumeral ligament that originates upon the superior portion of the glenoid at the same location of the base of the biceps tendon. The athlete underwent a supervised rehabilitation program and continued athletic participation until she eventually developed glenohumeral multidirectional instability and secondary cubital tunnel syndrome with associated ulnar nerve subluxation. The athlete was managed through rehabilitation until the development of the secondary pathologies which were treated surgically. Athletic trainers and all allied health care professionals should be aware of the Buford complex, particularly if they deal with athletes in overhead sports. The Buford should be considered a predisposing factor to glenohumeral and glenoid labrum pathologies, and proper prophylactic practices may serve to reduce the incidence of injury or reinjury to the affected shoulder in these individuals.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Feb 2023 08:32:42 PST
  • The Theory of Planned Behavior as a Framework to Identify Attitudes and
           Perceptions of Athletic Trainers towards Quality Improvement

    • Authors: Meredith Madden et al.
      Abstract: Purpose: The BOC announced a concept for continuing professional certification for athletic trainers (ATs), including an optional quality improvement (QI) project to examine practice performance. The purpose of this study was to examine current attitudes, perceived control and subjective norms of ATs regarding QI. Method: Data was collected using a qualitative descriptive design. A web-based survey was distributed via email and social media. Open-ended questions were evaluated by two independent coders using a general inductive approach. Results: Three major themes emerged: reservations about QI, benefits of QI, and impacts on the profession. Conclusions: When integrated into the Theory of Planned Behavior model, results show that ATs demonstrate positive attitudes towards QI and agree that optimal patient outcomes are essential. However, many ATs perceive that they lack the appropriate knowledge about QI, how to implement QI, and the resources needed to be successful. Possible recommendations include a systems approach in which athletic training organizations and regulatory bodies consider providing ATs strategies to improve perceived control, such as continuing education opportunities and tools to advocate for resources. Additionally, the integration of QI into athletic training is a cultural shift; professional organizations may benefit from acknowledging and promoting enhanced clinician and patient outcomes.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Feb 2023 08:32:36 PST
  • Effect of Cupping Therapy on Muscle Tenderness in Collegiate Baseball
           Players Compared to Sham Treatment: A Randomized, Single-Blinded Trial

    • Authors: Andrew Cage et al.
      Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of cupping therapy on muscular tenderness in the triceps surae of collegiate baseball players when compared to a control and sham treatment conditions. Methods: 20 collegiate baseball players (age= 22 ± 2 years, height= 186.8 ± 6.9 cm, weight= 88.6 ± 8.5 kg) participated in this study. Subjects were randomly assigned to either the treatment or sham treatment group. A mark was placed 10-cm superior to the musculotendinous junction of the Achilles tendon and the gastrocnemius on both legs. The treatment or sham treatment was then applied over the mark on the right leg for 15-minutes, with the left leg serving as a control. Muscle tenderness was measured in both legs with a handheld algometer at baseline and after treatment. An independent samples t-test was performed to determine differences in changes to muscle tenderness between the cupping therapy and sham cupping therapy groups. Paired samples t-tests were used to determine differences in changes to muscle tenderness between cupping therapy and sham cupping therapy groups and their respective controls. Results: A significant difference in reduction of muscle tenderness was found between the cupping therapy treatment group and the respective control group (treatment = 1.37 ± 0.54, treatment control = 0.5 ± 1.5, p = 0.009). A significant difference in reduction of tenderness was also noted between the cupping therapy treatment group, and the sham cupping therapy treatment group (treatment = 1.37 ± 0.54, sham = -0.37, p < 0.001). Conclusion: A single 15-minute cupping therapy treatment can decrease muscle tenderness at the triceps surae when compared to both a control and sham treatment condition. These findings are in keeping with previous studies, with the added benefit of attempting to control for a placebo effect and bias during statistical analysis. Keywords: Cupping Therapy, Myofascial Decompression, Muscle Tenderness, Algometry
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Feb 2023 08:32:30 PST
  • Locus of Control in Athletic Training

    • Authors: Brittany James et al.
      Abstract: Purpose: Locus of control (LOC) is the level of control an individual feels they have over the outcomes in their life; work locus of control (WLOC) is the control someone feels over their work. Both LOC and WLOC can be internally or externally affected and influence athletic trainers’ ability to change their clinical circumstances. The purpose of this study was to explore athletic trainers’ LOC and WLOC.Method: Cross-sectional web-based survey. Two validated surveys were used to measure locus of control and work locus of control in athletic trainers along with the collection of 8 demographic variables. Results: Of the 213 participants, athletic trainers expressed an external LOC (n=108, 50.7%) in their personal lives while reporting an internal WLOC (n=197, 92.5). Conclusion: Participants demonstrated external LOC and internal WLOC. Future investigations should examine LOC and WLOC with work conditions like burnout and job satisfaction to understand barriers faced in the workplace by athletic trainers
      PubDate: Thu, 03 Nov 2022 07:10:13 PDT
  • Comparison of the Effect of Aerobic and Resistance Exercise on Short Term
           Memory on Healthy Adults

    • Authors: Frederick P. Wijaya et al.
      Abstract: Background: Exercise is known to improve the cognitive function, including short-term memory. Exercise can induce structural and functional changes of the brain, i.e. synaptic plasticity. Exercise is categorized into two groups: aerobic exercise and resistance exercise. Studies have shown that both groups of exercises can improve short-term memory function.Objectives: this research is aimed to compare the effect of aerobic and resistance exercise on short-term memory on healthy adults.Methods: Participants were given the choice to be admitted into either exercise group, aerobic or resistance. Short-term memory (forward digit span) were measured before and after the intervention.Results: there were 20 male participants (mean age 22.95 ± 5.33) completed the intervention. There was no significant difference in the short-term memory function on both groups, aerobic (p=0.058) and resistance (p=0.206). However, an increase of short-term memory score average was observed in both groups, 6.6 to 7.2 in the aerobic group and 6.5 to 6.9 in the resistance group. There was no difference in short-term memory score when the comparison was made between the two groups (p=0.628).Conclusions: This study showed that exercise could increase the short-term memory function, although insignificant, in healthy male adults.
      PubDate: Thu, 13 Oct 2022 09:51:41 PDT
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