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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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Sports Medicine International Open
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2367-1890
Published by Thieme Publishing Group Homepage  [233 journals]
  • Nonoperative Treatment of Single-Tendon Proximal Hamstring Avulsions in
           Recreational Athletes

    • Authors: Bono; Olivia J., Forlizzi, Julianne, Shah, Sarav S, Nacca, Christopher R., Manz, Eric, Ives, Katharine, Miller, Suzanne L.
      Pages: E9 - E14
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the patient-reported and objective functional outcomes of those patients who underwent nonoperative management of a single-tendon retracted proximal hamstring avulsion. A retrospective case series of consecutive patients with an MRI-confirmed diagnosis of single-tendon proximal hamstring avulsion treated nonoperatively with at least one year of follow-up was performed. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) including SF-12v2, Lower Extremity Functional Score (LEFS), Hip Outcome Score-activities of daily living and sport subscale (HOS-ADL, HOS-SS) were prospectively collected. Objective measurements included strength testing of the affected and unaffected limbs with a handheld dynamometer and single-leg hop test. Student’s t-tests were used to determine differences between limbs. Eleven of fourteen patients were available for PROMs (79%); five completed functional testing. Subjective scores revealed a mean SF-12v2 mental component score of 56.53±8.2, and a physical component score of 50.1±12.7. LEFS was 84%±19.8, HOS-ADL 87.9%±17.2, and HOS-SS 80.9%±24. The differences between limbs were not statistically significant for strength at 45 or 90 degrees of knee flexion, nor for single-leg hop distance. Patients in a non-professional athlete population who undergo nonoperative management of single-tendon retracted proximal hamstring avulsions can expect good subjective and objective outcomes.
      Citation: Sports Med Int Open 2023; 7: E9-E14
      PubDate: 2023-07-04T13:44:56+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/a-1991-3719
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 01 (2023)
  • Perioperative Management in the Collegiate Athlete: An Integrated Approach

    • Authors: Rugg; Caitlin M., Ginder, Jordan H., Bharadwaj, Ananyaa, Vomer, Rock, Dale, Gregory A., Ketterly, Jennifer, Zarzour, Hap, Amendola, Annunziato, Lau, Brian C.
      Pages: E1 - E8
      Abstract: Collegiate athletes face rigorous physical, academic, and emotional demands. While significant attention has been paid to injury prevention among young athletes in the past two decades, orthopedic injury rates remain high among collegiate athletes, and a significant number will undergo surgical management for injuries each year. In this narrative review, we describe techniques for perioperative management of pain and stress after surgery in collegiate athletes. In particular, we outline pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic management of surgical pain, with a goal of minimizing opiate consumption. We emphasize a multi-disciplinary approach to optimizing post-operative recovery in collegiate athletes help minimize reliance on opiate pain medication. Additionally, we recommend that institutional resources should be harnessed to support athletes in their well-being, from a nutritional, psychological and sleep standpoint. Critical to success in perioperative pain management is the communication among the athletic medicine team members and with the athlete and family to address pain and stress management and encourage timely, safe return to play.
      Citation: Sports Med Int Open 2023; 7: E1-E8
      PubDate: 2023-04-24T13:35:33+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/a-2051-7756
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 01 (2023)
  • Measures of Knee Capability in Handball Players Differ by Age: A Cross
           Sectional Study

    • Authors: Mayer; Constantin, Rühlemann, Alina, Busch, Andre, Jäger, Marcus
      Pages: E60 - E68
      Abstract: The return to sport after knee injury is challenging. This is burdensome for sports with a high incidence of injuries, such as team handball. Various tests guide decision making, but often the athlete’s preinjury performance of these measures remains unknown. Moreover, objective return-to-sport criteria of a matching population are missing. The purpose of this study was to evaluate objective measures of knee capability in handball depending on players’ age. Two hundred sixty-one handball players performed a functional test battery designed to evaluate knee capability after an anterior cruciate ligament injury: two- and one-legged stability analysis, jumps, speed tests, and agility assessments. For age-specific evaluation, athletes were divided into three age groups (16–19; 20–29;≥30 years). Male players showed differences in two and one-legged jumping height (p
      Citation: Sports Med Int Open 2022; 6: E60-E68
      PubDate: 2022-12-25T09:39:01+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/a-1926-0817
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 02 (2022)
  • The Significance of Oral Inflammation in Elite Sports: A Narrative Review

    • Authors: Merle; Cordula Leonie, Wuestenfeld, Jan C., Fenkse, Fabian, Wolfarth, Bernd, Haak, Rainer, Schmalz, Gerhard, Ziebolz, Dirk
      Pages: E69 - E79
      Abstract: Recently, there has been intense discussion about sports dentistry and potential interactions between oral health and athletes’ performance. This narrative review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the available literature about oral inflammation in sports. For this purpose, it presents the most common types of oral inflammation (gingivitis, periodontitis, pericoronitis, apical periodontitis), and their prevalence in athletes. Both the impact of oral inflammation on performance and causes for oral inflammation in athletes are discussed by presenting current literature. Finally, international recommendations for dental care in sports are presented. Several studies stated a high prevalence of oral inflammation in athletes, especially of gingivitis (58–97%) and periodontitis (41%). Also, many athletes report oral pain (17–30%) and a negative impact of oral health on training (3–9%). Besides this, a systemic impact of oral inflammation is discussed: In periodontitis patients, blood parameters and physical fitness are changed. In athletes, associations between muscle injuries and poor oral health are reported. There are deficits in oral health behavior. Furthermore, systemic changes due to physical stress could influence oral tissues. Overall, complex bidirectional interactions between competitive sports and oral inflammation are possible. Regular dental examinations and prevention strategies should be implemented in sports.
      Citation: Sports Med Int Open 2022; 6: E69-E79
      PubDate: 2022-12-25T09:39:01+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/a-1964-8538
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 02 (2022)
  • The Ecological Validity of Countermovement Jump to On-Court Asymmetry in

    • Authors: Keogh; Joshua A.J., Ruder, Matthew C, Masood, Zaryan, Kobsar, Dylan
      Pages: E53 - E59
      Abstract: Jump-based asymmetry is often used as an indicator of sport performance and may be used to discern injury susceptibility. Due to task specificity, however, countermovement jump asymmetry may not be representative of on-court asymmetry. As such, we assessed the association between countermovement jump asymmetry and on-court impact asymmetry metrics (n=3, and n=4, respectively) using linear regressions (α=0.05). Fifteen female basketball athletes completed countermovement jump and on-court sessions across a competitive season. A significant negative association was found between peak landing force asymmetry and both overall and medium acceleration on-court asymmetry (b=–0.1, R2=0.08, p
      Citation: Sports Med Int Open 2022; 6: E53-E59
      PubDate: 2022-11-04T09:47:57+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/a-1947-4848
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 02 (2022)
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