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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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Sport and Fitness Journal
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2302-688X
Published by Universitas Udayana Homepage  [62 journals]
  • Pengaruh Schroth Exercise Terhadap Penururunan Derajat Skoliosis Pada

    • Authors: Putri Ainiyyah Muslimah, Siti Khotimah
      Pages: 172 - 179
      Abstract: Latar Belakang: Skoliosis adalah kondisi di mana tulang belakang melengkung, yang diakibatkan adanya kebiasaan postur yang salah seperti duduk terlalu miring atau penggunaan tas yang tidak sesuai dengan postur tubuh sehingga menyebabkan nyeri dan kurva yang melengkung berbentuk C atau S. Banyak studi penelitian yang berkualitas tinggi diperlukan dalam temuan ini,sehingga perlu dilakukan pengkajian tentang pengaruh schroth exercise terhadap penurunan derajat skoliosis pada remaja.Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui pengaruh schroth exercise terhadap penurunan kurva skoliosis pada remaja. Metode: Narrative review dengan kerangka PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome). Mengidentifikasi artikel menggunakan 2 database, yaitu Pubmed dengan hasil 791.275 artikel, Google Scholar dengan hasil 22.900 artikel dengan kata kunci yang telah disesuaikan. Pemilihan artikel menggunakan diagram Flowchart. Hasil:Dari 2 database terdapat 814.175 artikel. Setelah dilakukan screening judul dan relevansi abstrak diperoleh 10 artikel sesuai kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi, 10 artikel yang membuktikan pengaruh schroth exercise terhadap penurunan kurva pada remaja dengan waktu pelaksanaan latihan dilakukan selama 2 minggu 3x/minggu dan 5 sesi tiap latihan 60 menit. Kesimpulan: Pemberian latihan schroth dapat menurunkan kurva skoliosis pada remaja.
      PubDate: 2022-09-26
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2022)
  • The Correlation of Different Intensities Exercise on Telomere Length

    • Authors: Chaya Ducinta Ananta, Christie Cindy, Try Christian Sulaeman, Naomi Hutabarat, Prisca Angelina Kanggriani, Indira Vidiari Juhanna, I Putu Gede Adiatmika
      Pages: 180 - 186
      Abstract: Many studies have been conducted to establish the connection between exercise and telomere length, but still have varying results. Telomeres are reiterative DNA sequences (5'-TTAGGGn-3') which function to protect genomic DNA from enzymatic degradation. Telomere length can be used as a biomarker of aging because its repetitive structures are known to be highly relevant in the cellular aging process and the shortening of telomeres that occurs with increasing age is considered as an important contributor to aging in organisms. Several factors that affect telomere length are oxidative stress, chronic inflammation, BMI, lifestyle such as smoking, alcohol intake, stress, increased insulin resistance, and exercise. This study aims to determine the correlation of exercise at different intensities on telomere length. The method used in this study is internet search for journals and articles through several websites. The eligible criteria include studies in English language published between 2012 and 2022. The studies that report the correlation of different intensities exercise on telomere length were selected for the systematic literature review. As a result, the people who perform moderate to vigorous physical activity more in their leisure time, have longer leukocyte telomere length (LTL) and long-term resistance training may exert a protective effect on muscle telomere length in the elderly. Several studies have reported a correlation between prevention of leukocyte telomere length shortening and exercise at a certain intensity successfully.
      PubDate: 2022-09-26
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2022)

    • Authors: I Dewa Alit Kamayoga, A A I Ayesa Febrinia Adyasputri, I Putu Gde Surya Adhitya, I Putu Yudi Pramana Putra, M Widnyana, Anak Agung Gede Eka Septian Utama
      Pages: 187 - 196
      Abstract: Individual that greater use of information and communication technologies such as computer, smartphone, or other media has the tendency failure of body postures. Laptop usage has been associated with adolescent neck pain, with daily use of computers exceeding 2-3 hours as a threshold to forward head posture. Forward head posture can affect the result of reducing cervical alignment and mobility of the neck. There are exercises that intention to improving the cervical alignment and mobility, particularly sling-based manual therapy and stabilization exercise. A sling device provide the research subject with optimal loading of each target segment, in actual neutral position, and an environment for exercise in a closed kinetic chain. Spinal mobilization techniques used in manual spinal treatment activate the descending pathway from the peritubular gray region (PAG) of the midbrain. Moreover, stabilization exercise affect postural control through concurrent contractions of the agonist and antagonist muscles to improving cervical alignment and mobility. Key Words: Sling; Manual Therapy; Stabilization Exercise; Cervical Alignment; Cervical Mobility; Forward Head Posture
      PubDate: 2022-09-26
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2022)

    • Authors: Kadek Agung Ayu Laksmi Dewi, Sayu Aryantari Putri Thanaya, I Dewa Ayu Inten Dwi Primayanti, Made Hendra Satria Nugraha
      Pages: 197 - 205
      Abstract: The elderly experience structural changes in the function of biological systems in their bodies due to the ageing process they experience. One of the changes that arise in the health aspect as a result of the ageing process is a decline in cognitive function. The decline in cognitive function in the elderly occurs due to gradual changes in the elderly brain, where this can cause the elderly to experience independence in carrying out daily activities. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between cognitive function and the level of independence in doing activities of daily living in the elderly in Banjar Ketapian Kelod, Denpasar City. This type of study is an analytic observational study with a cross-sectional design that uses a consecutive sampling technique. The number of subjects obtained in this study was 62 elderly subjects who met the predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were collected through interviews using the MoCA-Ina questionnaire to measure cognitive function and interviews using the Barthel index questionnaire to measure daily activities. Spearman rho non-parametric analysis test results from cognitive function with daily activities obtained p value = 0.000 (p <0.05) and correlation coefficient r = 0.648. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the two variables have a strong, meaningful, and directly proportional relationship between cognitive function and the level of independence in doing activities of daily living in the elderly in Banjar Ketapian Kelod, Denpasar City. Keywords: cognitive function; elderly; independence; activities of daily living
      PubDate: 2022-09-26
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2022)

    • Authors: Aloysius Ivander Wirayudha Widjaja, Gede Parta Kinandana, Agung Wiwiek Indrayani, Ni Komang Ayu Juni Antari
      Pages: 206 - 214
      Abstract: Generally, a person will spend quite a long time using his smartphone. Prolonged use of smartphones can cause musculoskeletal disorders. This event can make the function of the biomotor component decrease. One of the decreased biomotor components is handgrip strength. The role of physiotherapy is needed to educate in avoiding the risk of decreased grip strength. Therefore, this study aims to determine the relationship between smartphone usage duration with handgrip strength in adolescents aged 18-24 years. This research is an analytical observational study using a cross-sectional approach. Sampling using a purposive sampling technique. Fifty women aged 18-24 years who had met the participating criteria were the participants in this study. Handgrip strength was measured using a Camry Handgrip Dynamometer. Smartphone usage duration was obtained from recording the average daily screen time for a month. The average smartphone usage duration  the participant's smartphone was 453.88 ± 159.16 minutes. Based on pearson correlation analysis, there is a significant negative relationship weak to moderate strength between smartphone usage duration and handgrip strength (r=-0.51; p=0.00 dominant handgrip, r=-0.33; p=0,02 non-dominant hand grip). Linear regression showed variations in the strength of the dominant handgrip as much as 26.4% and the non-dominant hand grip as much as 11% can be explained by the smartphone usage duration (p<0.05). The conclusion is smartphone usage duration is correlated with a decrease in handgrip strength. The longer using a smartphone, the weaker the grip strength. Keywords: screen time, smartphone, grip strength
      PubDate: 2022-09-26
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2022)

    • Authors: Muhammad Yasir Hidayat, Putu Ayu Sita Saraswati, Made Widnyana, Gede Parta Kinandana
      Pages: 215 - 222
      Abstract: Agility is used by soccer athletes when passing opponents by dribbling the ball in order to score goals more easily. Body Mass Index (BMI) affects agility. Athletes who have a normal BMI have better agility which is useful for displaying their maximum abilities. Athletes with an abnormal BMI can result in decreased agility and an increased risk of injury. This study aims to determine the correlation between BMI and agility in soccer athletes in Melawi Regency.This research is an analytic observational study with a cross sectional approach. The sample of this study amounted to 105 people who were selected using non-probability sampling technique with purposive sampling method. Agility was measured by t-test, while BMI was measured by the result of body weight () divided by the square of height () adjusted by category.Based on the non-parametric chi-square analysis test, the results were p = 0.021 (p<0.05) which indicates that there is a significant correlation between BMI and agility, where the lower the BMI, the higher the agility. This is because the higher the BMI causes an increase in the load that can inhibit muscle contraction.Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that there is a significant correlation between body mass index and agility in soccer athletes in Melawi Regency. Keywords : Body Mass Index (BMI); agility; football athletes
      PubDate: 2022-09-26
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2022)

    • Authors: Iwan Susanto, Sayu Aryantari Putri Thanaya, Nila Wahyuni, I Putu Yudi Pramana Putra
      Pages: 223 - 229
      Abstract: Some things can cause a person to have a dependence on using a computer just like office work or in terms of getting entertainment such as playing video games among adolescents. Some research leads to the duration of playing video games which is one of the risk factors of the MPS. The prevalence of MPS in general population varies by up to 85%. The method used in this study is an analytical observational method with a cross sectional approach. This study used simple random sampling techniques and the study subjects were observed with a one-time measurement of dependent variables. This research design was used to find out whether there was a relationship between the duration of playing video games and myofascial pain syndrome of upper trapezius muscle in adolescents in Denpasar City. The results showed from the total of 59 study samples, there were 46 samples (78.0%) who had upper trapezius MPS and as many as 13 samples (22.0%) who did not experience upper trapezius MPS. The distribution of research samples that experienced MPS was more in adolescents who had excessive duration of playing video games (>2 hours / day) which was 45 samples (76.3%) than samples who had MPS with a normal duration of playing video games (<2 hours / day). The conclusion of this study is that there is a significant correlation (p = 0.000) between the duration of playing video games and MPS of the upper trapezius muscle in adolescents in Denpasar City.
      PubDate: 2022-09-26
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2022)
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