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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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Facta Universitatis, Series : Physical Education and Sport
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.111
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1451-740X - ISSN (Online) 2406-0496
Published by U of Niš Homepage  [11 journals]
  • MIXED RESISTANCE TRAINING IMPROVES STRENGTH AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL
           CHARACTERISTICS IN YOUNG FEMALE ADULTS

    • Authors: Radomir Pržulj, Nebojša Čokorilo, Dušan Đorđević, Nebojša Trajković, Miloš Popović
      Pages: 001 - 012
      Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the effects of ten weeks of mixed resistance training on isometric force parameters and anthropological characteristics in young female adults. Fifty-two participants (22.61 ± 1.86 years) were randomized into either the mixed resistance training (MRT; n = 25) or control group (CON; n = 27). Anthropological parameters were body mass, body fat percentage, skinfolds (triceps, tight, abdominal), while force parameters were the isometric force of hand flexors, upper-body flexors and extensors, and knee extensors (both legs). The MRT group was engaged in mixed resistance training consisting of four weeks of muscular endurance resistance training (ERT) followed by six weeks of traditional resistance training (TRT) three times per week. The CON group did not exercise. A two-way repeated measures ANOVA was used to determine the effects of programs on strength and anthropological characteristics. A significant group x time interaction was found for body fat (p < 0.001), waist-hip ratio (p = 0.001), triceps skinfold (p < 0.001), abdominal skinfold (p = 0.001), isometric force of right-hand flexors (p = 0.001), and isometric force of upper-body flexors (p = 0.002). No interaction was observed for body weight, thigh skinfold, isometric force of left-hand flexors, the isometric force of upper-body extensors, and isometric force of knee extensors. Mixed resistance training represents a valid training method to improve anthropological characteristics, but its role in isometric force was not fully confirmed in untrained females.
      PubDate: 2022-07-01
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES211220001P
       
  • THE INFLUENCE OF EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL FACTORS ON THE DROP JUMP HEIGHT

    • Authors: Dragan Klisarić
      Pages: 013 - 024
      Abstract: The Drop jump (DJ) is an important tool in muscle power development. There are different factors that determine DJ performance, of which the key external and internal are defined. The aim of this narrative review article is to present the factors that determine the performance of the DJ. The comparative analytical method is used to compare and comment on the results of available scientific studies. The results show that technique and instruction together, among external factors, highly determine DJ height. The highest determination of DJ height has age among its internal factors. These findings contribute to better management of motor abilities testing and the training process in order to accomplish high sports success.
      PubDate: 2022-07-01
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES200305002K
       
  • EMPOWERING A SUPPORTIVE PHYSICAL EDUCATION LEARNING CULTURE FOR THE
           DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS’ SOCIAL SELF-ESTEEM

    • Authors: Jusuf Blegur, Christin P. M. Rajagukguk, Renya Rosari
      Pages: 025 - 034
      Abstract: Physical education is a subject that requires students to perform openly in public. It seems a more critical way because it needs feedback from teachers and classmates. Many students experience a crisis in social self-esteem because of negligence in their performance. This study aims to test the determination of teacher and classmate support for students' social self-esteem. The participants were 94 junior high school students, grade 7 (M = 12.7660; SD = 0.53733). We collected the data using The Teacher and Classmate Support Scale and Social Self-Esteem Inventory. The data were analyzed descriptively and with the t-test. The results of teacher and classmate support and students’ social self-esteem variables show positive results, as well as proving that teacher and classmate support affects students' social self-esteem during physical education learning activities. The presence of teachers in the learning class is necessary to provide social, emotional, and cognitive support to students so that they become more confident in performing their abilities and also feel comfortable with every performance they produce in some learning experiences and expressive learning cultures.
      PubDate: 2022-07-01
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES201111003B
       
  • EFFECTS OF PLYOMETRIC TRAINING ON BODY COMPOSITION AND MOTOR SKILLS IN
           FEMALE FOOTBALL PLAYERS

    • Authors: Mima Stanković, Stefan Đorđević, Ana Lilić, Miljan Hadžović
      Pages: 035 - 045
      Abstract: This paper aims to determine the impact of plyometric training programs of short duration (6 weeks) and high frequency (3 times a week) on the motor skills and body composition of female football players. The total number of participants was 24 female football players, four of whom were excluded due to absence from the final testing (mean value of height 167.53 ± 6.09; and mean value of weight 58.32 ± 8.87). The sample of variables used in the study, to which all the participants were subjected, represents the assessment of body composition, explosive power of the lower extremities, speed, agility, and endurance assessment. The results of the research showed that the six-week program of specific plyometric training for Serbian Super League football players in the basic preparatory period of the season did not affect statistically significant changes in the monitored body composition parameters. Also, the statistically significant changes did not occur in the parameters of explosive power and speed, which was expected according to the age category and level of competition of the participants, which was confirmed by previous research. The changes that occurred with high statistical significance are changes in agility tests with and without a ball as well as in the parameters of cardiorespiratory endurance.
      PubDate: 2022-07-01
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES210210004S
       
  • THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN JUMP PERFORMANCE, SPEED AND COD SPEED IN ELITE
           FEMALE SOCCER PLAYERS

    • Authors: Mima Stanković, Dušan Đorđević, Andrea Aleksić, Anja Lazić, Ana Lilić, Ilma Čaprić, Nebojša Trajković
      Pages: 047 - 059
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to present the physical performance of elite female soccer players and to analyze the relationship between jump performance, speed and COD ability. Sixteen elite female soccer players (age: 20.05±2.85; height: 166.47±4.83cm; body weight: 60.52±8.30kg, BMI 21.88±2.86) from a women's club who played the highest rank of the competition took part in this study. The jump, speed and COD abilities of each player were determined using: (1) the Squat jump (SJ), (2) Countermovement Jump (CMJ), countermovement jump with arm swing (CMJA), (2) running speed at 30-m with passing time at 10m and 20m, (3) the pro agility test (pro), (4) zig-zag test (zig-zag), (5) 9-6-3-6-3 sprint (9-6-3-6-9). The results of Pearson’s correlation indicated moderate significant relationships between the 10m running speed and pro agility test (r=0.59; p<0.01), as well as the zig-zag test (r=0.55; p<0.01), and also between the 30m and all COD tests (pro agility r=0.66; p<0.01, zig-zag r=0.59; p<0.01 and 9-6-3-6-9 r=0.58; p<0.05). A small correlation (r=0.49; p<0.03) was noticed between the 10m running test and 9-6-3-6-9 agility test, and also between the CMJA (r=0.45; p<0.05) and the 9-6-3-6-9 agility test. The findings of the present study indicated a significant correlation between speed and all of the COD tests, additionally between the CMJA and 9-6-3-6-9 COD test. Therefore, elite female soccer players with higher maximum acceleration rates and speed tend to perform better in change of direction tests. On the other hand, jump performance does not significantly correlate with COD ability.
      PubDate: 2022-07-01
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES220216005S
       
  • THE VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY OF THE REACTION TIME AND BASKETBALL DEFENSIVE
           SLIDE SPEED TEST

    • Authors: Igor Vučković, Aleksandar Gadžić, Željko Sekulić, Saša Marković
      Pages: 061 - 072
      Abstract: The aim of the present study was to examine the content validity and reliability of the newly developed Reaction Time and Defensive Slide Test (RTADST). Thirty-six female basketball players were recruited from three professional State Basketball league of Bosnia and Herzegovina clubs (age: 18.81 ± 2.58 years) who completed three separate trials of the RTADST with each trial consisting of fast shuffling movements left and right.  Each athlete performed the test 3 times in one day, and repeated testing was conducted the following day at evening basketball sessions. The RTADST relative reliability was evaluated by Cronbach’s alpha and ICC. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.81 which indicates good reliability. When recommendations from Bucheit et al. (2011) were taken into account, the value of ICC <0.69 indicated poor reliability. Absolute reliability of RTADST was assessed by CV, and its value was 5.3%, which is somewhat above the 5%, or the limit of acceptable reliability. Parameters of relative and absolute reliability after the exclusion of the first trial (familiarization with the test task), were more acceptable. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.90 and ICC = 0.82 compared to the one from all three trials. Considering absolute reliability, it could be concluded that the test is reliable since the CV value is below 5% (3.9%). Reliability between two days was assessed by ICC, and its value was 0.74, which confirms good reliability. Finally, the RTADST can be considered as a valid test that discriminates female basketball perimeter players and post players in reaction time and basketball defensive slide speed, while conditioning programs for the development of these abilities need to be carried out with a tool such is RTADST for the initial and final evaluation of these abilities.
      PubDate: 2022-07-01
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES220218006V
       
  • CAN A PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PROGRAMME IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF LIFE IN YOUTH WHO
           LIVE IN AN ORPHANAGE' A MIXED METHODS STUDY

    • Authors: Konstantina Trampa, Fotini Venetsanou
      Pages: 073 - 087
      Abstract: Physical activity (PA) is thought to positively contribute to the improvement of the (poor) Quality of Life (QoL) of youth living in institutions. However, youth’s participation in PA can be affected by the “significant others” in their life. The aim of this study was to (a) investigate the impact of a PA programme on the QoL of youth hosted in an orphanage and (b) understand the role of the relationships formed in this institution in the outcome of the programme objectives. For that purpose, a mixed methods approach was adopted. The study was conducted in an orphanage in Attica, Greece. Twelve of the 13 male orphans (Mage= 13.08 ± 2.43 years) participated in a 10-week PA programme implemented in the institution. The KINDL® questionnaire was completed by the orphans and one caregiver before and after the PA intervention. The qualitative data were collected through observation and semi-structured interviews with 12 orphans and 6 members of the orphanage staff. The results showed that orphans’ QoL levels were poor; whereas a statistically significant decline in their total KINDL® scores (p= .033) and the Emotional Well-Being subscale (p= .013) was identified. Quality data revealed that orphans’ participation in the PA programme was inconsistent, although they estimated that it was valuable. Intra- and inter-personal factors emerged as barriers for PA participation. It seems that living in an institution results in deep deteriorations in youth’s QoL that cannot be surmounted by their participation in a PA programme.
      PubDate: 2022-07-01
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPES220225007T
       
 
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