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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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Sport and Art
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2331-6195 - ISSN (Online) 2331-6233
Published by Horizon Research Publishing Homepage  [50 journals]
  • The Character Values in the Karate Oath Tradition

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Gede Hendri Ari Susila   Nyoman Dantes   I Nyoman Kanca   and Ida bagus Putu Arnyana   Strengthening character education comes from the values of Pancasila, Religion and Culture. Introducing karate to children is one of the ideal ways to develop character values so that the concept of supporting character education can be instilled through the karate oath tradition. The karate oath tradition consists of 5 sentences which include: (1) maintaining personality; (2) adhering to honesty; (3) being able to enhance achievement; (4) maintaining good manners; and (5) being able to control themselves. Knowing and understanding the content of character values in the karate oath tradition is the aim of this study. The method in this research uses content analysis with a qualitative approach, and the data source comes from a karate practice pocketbook. The content of the karate oath sentences becomes the focus of analysis in this study. The data collection was carried out by careful analysis and recording of the character values contained in the karate oath sentences. The results showed that the five sentences in the karate oath contain 18 character values: tolerance, discipline, nationalism, social care, love of peace, responsibility, independence, communication, honesty, love for the homeland, respect for achievement, creativity, and curiosity. So introducing karate from an early age (7 years old) is highly recommended. Besides that, it has a positive effect on physical development and fitness. The mental quality of children from improving character education will grow and develop.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • Teaching Game for Understanding (TGfU) Learning Design for Basketball
           Games in Physical Education

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Albert Wolter Aridan Tangkudung   and Yafi Velyan Mahyudi   The concept of teaching in physical education has evolved from a teacher-centered approach to a more student-centered approach to develop problem-solving skills and critical thinking in games. This study aims to provide insight and better understand the TGfU pedagogical process of in-game teaching. The method used is a quasi-experimental mixed-methods with a pre-test and post-test design and involves 43 students consisting of (21 girls and 22 boys). The results of the study based on the average difference test on female students showed that the decision-making variable value t = 28,06, technical execution 17,01, game performance 29,06, enjoyment 17,87 significantly α = 0,05 is 1,721. Male students, the value of decision-making 18,56, technical execution 13,54, game performance 13,53, and enjoyment 16,15 significantly α = 0,05 is 1,782. All variables give students the ability to solve learning problems. Students can think to make decisions, be actively involved in the game, have opportunities to learn basketball game techniques well, and participate in game patterns when attacking or defending in the TGfU unit. TGfU also provides enjoyment for students in the physical education learning process in basketball games. The advantage of using the TGfU approach can provide ideas for teachers to make game designs so that students are effectively involved in this unit, and students' abilities and skills in learning the game of basketball can be achieved.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • Do Age, Gender, and Match Experience Affect the Mental Toughness of
           Martial Art Athletes'

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Albert Wolter Aridan Tangkudung   Aridhotul Haqiyah   James Tangkudung   Dindin Abidin   Hasan Basri   and Mar’atul Mahmudah   Mental factor is one of the factors that should be prepared to achieve high performing athlete. In the athlete rehearsal preparation, mental toughness condition needs to be identified to keep the athletes fit when they have some difficulties in a match, feel the pressure during the match, and take behavior control, so that they will not get stressed easily. This study aims to find whether age, gender, and match experience affect the athlete's mental toughness. The study was done to 174 (age = 19.69 ± 2.89) martial art athletes in Bekasi who were preparing themselves for a province/regional level match (PORPROV West Java 2022). Instrument of mental toughness refers to mental toughness dimension namely: control, commitment, challenge, and confidence. Data were analysed by using multiple logistic regression and cross tab. The result shows that mental toughness of martial art athletes was influenced by gender and match experience. Most of them are on the high level of mental toughness, and the majority is the men at the age of 19 to 22 who have experience in doing a national match. In addition, the relationship observed in this study emphasizes the need of coping and optimism training in mental toughness intervention.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • The Effect of Jumping and Hopping Training Models Using Digital Mattress
           for Children with Intellectual Disabilities

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Dewi Septaliza   Achmad Sofyan Hanif   Yusmawati   Firmansyah Dlis   Moch Asmawi   Widiastuti   and Hernawan   The goal of this research is to examine the effect of jumping and hopping training models using digital mattress for intellectually disabled children. This research was conducted at SLBN Pembina Palembang (Indonesia). The sample in this study consisted of 60 intellectually disabled children. The method used is quasi-experimental research, quantitative data analysis technique, and the design of this research is pretest-posttest control group design. The instrument used in this research is the jump and hop test. The significant test to see the effectiveness of this model is the t-test, and the value of t = 3.827 and the value of Sig. (2-tailed) or p-value = 0.000 < 0.05. This means that Ho is declined or there is a difference between the jump and hop training model using a digital mattress and the conventional training model. In brief, the jump and hop training model using a digital mattress is more effective than the conventional training model for intellectually disabled children. Conclusion: The results of the study indicate that: the results of exercise with digital mattress are proven to be effective in developing the basic movement skills of jumping and hopping for intellectually disabled children compared to conventional training models.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • The Impact of Stimulating Community Participation on the Development of
           Physical Education Activities in Educational Institutions

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Hossam S. Selim   and Ahmed K. Hassan   The study aimed to identify the impact of stimulating community participation on the development of sports activities in educational institutions. In addition, it sought to provide educational leaders, those in charge of sports activities programs in schools, and the Saudi Ministry of Education with sufficient information to benefit the ideas and resources of community participation in student's development generally and in physical education especially. We use the descriptive analytical approach to answer the research questions. The study sample consisted of school principals, parents, institutions and sports clubs representatives in Al-Ahsa Governorate, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The results of the study showed that there is an insufficiency of sport activities in the educational institutions and the targets of the ministry plans may not be achieved. Results also showed, despite the importance of the role of community participation in the educational development through many shreds of research evidence in previous studies, there is a weakness in the application of community participation in Saudi Arabia environment. Moreover, there are no plans involving community participation to improve and develop physical education activities in schools. In the light of these results, the main implications of the study were: 1. Developing plans and ways of cooperation between the schools, institutions, sports clubs and the concerned authorities to activate community participation and provide financial and physical support to sports activities; 2. School principals have a greater role in promoting and activating community participation through public communication and social media; 3. Activating the role of the parent's council committee to be involved and understanding the problems and obstacles that the school suffers from, and how to find out ways to improve the sports activities.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • Activity of Posterior Oblique Sling Muscles during Quadruped Hip Extension
           with Different Shoulder Positions

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Sieun Park   and Wootaek Lim   While various studies have been conducted on trunk muscle activation in the quadruped position, no research has been conducted on posterior oblique sling (POS) muscle activation in the quadruped position despite its clinical importance. It has been demonstrated that the movement of the upper extremity affects the muscle activity of the contralateral lower extremity through the POS. The purpose of this study was to compare the EMG of the POS muscles during quadruped hip extension (QHE) with different shoulder positions. The participants performed hip extension in the quadruped position without shoulder movement (quadruped hip extension; QHE), QHE with shoulder extension and internal rotation (QHE with SEI), and QHE with shoulder flexion and external rotation (QHE with SFE). EMG of the POS muscles was measured during three different positions. During the QHE with SFE position, the lower trapezius has the highest EMG among all the POS muscles. Additionally, the contralateral erector spinae, ipsilateral erector spinae, and gluteus maximus presented higher EMG activity during QHE with SFE than during QHE and QHE with SEI. Therefore, QHE with SFE position may be clinically recommended as an effective exercise to improve EMG activity of POS muscles and increase lumbopelvic stability.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • The Effects of Cat and Mouse Playing on Inner Leg Passing Ability at SSB
           SJS Luwuk

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Muhammad Salahuddin   Armin Haluti   Ardiansyah Nur   and Akbar Sudirman   The game of football in Banggai regency is progressive and has the potential for outstanding athletes. The existence of the SSB SJS Luwuk football school in Banggai regency is a proof of this. SJS Luwuk Football School has several categories of age levels, from U-10 to U-17. The enthusiasm of the players in attending the football school is very good but many obstacles in the children's ability to pass the inner leg in the regular exercises are still found. In the implementation of passing, they still cannot pass properly and cannot direct the ball according to the target in the game especially at the age of 14. However, in this study, only 27 people aged 14 years were included. This study was designed to test the effectiveness of playing cat and mouse playing on the ability to pass feet in soccer games at SSB SJS Luwuk. This research was designed using a quantitative method, One Groups Pretest-Posttest Design. In processing the data obtained: Initial data are obtained by giving the inner leg passing, so that the Shapiro-Wilk value is 0.510 with n = 27 while the value of sig = 0.510> 0.05 indicating the final test can be seen on the ability of foot passing distributed football game. The post-test data of foot passing ability in football games obtain a Shapiro-Wilk value of 0.320 with n = 27 while the value of significance = 0.320 is greater than 0.05. The cat-and-mouse exercise has an influence on the ability to pass the legs in the game, namely t count = 8,231 (sig = 0.000 < 0.05). The number (mean) in the pre-test is 8.44 and the post-test result is 11.41 so there is an increase of 2.97. So the game of cat and mouse should be used in the warm-up time and before starting training to increase foot passing skills in football games.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • Gait Classification and Physical Function Characteristics in Maintenance
           Hemodialysis Patients

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Takuya Ito   and Yasuhiko Hatanaka   Only walking velocity has been reported as a performance measure of gait in hemodialysis patients, and no kinematic or kinetic analysis has been reported. We evaluated basic information, physical function, aging, dialysis-related complications, and gait in 23 outpatients (≥60 years old) who could walk independently. Hierarchical cluster analysis was performed using joint angles, joint moments, and gait parameters during gait. The gait of hemodialysis patients was classified into two clusters: Cluster 1 and Cluster 2. Cluster 1 gait showed a longer hemodialysis duration, higher dialysis amyloidosis severity, knee joint pain, lower ankle plantarflexion weakness, and lower extremity joint dysfunction than Cluster 2. The gait of Cluster 1 patients consisted of flexion of the knee joint, ankle joint, and trunk, and excessive knee joint flexion was observed in the stance phase to escape posterior knee joint pain. Cluster 1 patients were also unable to kick out sufficiently, and their walking rate and walking velocity were decreased. Cluster 2 patients had a shorter hemodialysis duration than Cluster 1. External forces exerted on the knee joint in the hyperextension direction during gait could cause pain and inflammation of the posterior knee joint.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • Comparison of Postural Control During Sit-To-Stand between Typically
           Developing Children Aged 4 to 12 Years and Young Adults

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Duangporn Suriyaamarit   Sujitra Boonyong   Dannaovarat Chamonchant   and Potjanun Mapaisansin   Postural control is a fundamental requirement for performing all functional tasks, including standing up from a chair. Although there is a broad literature on postural control development in typically developing (TD) children, there is a lack of specific information on TD children performing the sit-to-stand (STS). Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the development of postural control during STS in TD children of different age groups. Fifty-eight healthy TD children aged 4–12 years and 19 adults participated in this study. They were separated into four groups: 4–6 years, 7–9 years, 10–12 years, and adults. All participants were asked to perform the STS movement with a self-selected pattern. Participants' dynamic stability was quantified according to centre of mass (COM) displacement and velocity in the anterior-posterior, medial-lateral, and vertical directions during the four phases (flexion-momentum, momentum-transfer, extension, and stabilization) of the STS movement. The development of postural control was different in each phase of STS. During the flexion-momentum, extension, and stabilization phases, children aged 4–12 had higher COM displacements and velocities than adults. In the momentum-transfer phases, children aged 4-9 had higher COM displacements and velocities than other groups. In addition, children aged 4¬6 had the highest COM velocity during the extension phase of the STS movement. Children aged 4–12 years and adults used different strategies to control COM during STS movement. Adult-like postural control during STS was not found in children aged 10–12 years.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • Wheelchair User's Barriers in Physical Activity: Rural VS. Urban Area

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Kunjung Ashadi   Mochammad Purnomo   Subuh Isnur Haryudo   Sapto Wibowo   Oce Wiriawan   Hari Setijono   Soegiyanto   Sugiharto   Tri Rustiadi   Oktia Woro Kasmini Handayani   and Shamsul Azhar Shah   Individuals with disabilities experience more significant challenges in carrying out physical activity than the general population. Previous studies have identified physical activity and fitness levels without measuring barriers to physical activity. This study examines how wheelchair users assess obstacles to physical activity and looks for the significant factors that hinder the biological activity of wheelchair users in urban and rural areas. The method in this research is a cross-sectional study. An online survey was used to obtain information on physical activity barriers in wheelchair users. A total of 81 respondents consisting of 40 wheelchair users from rural areas and 41 from urban areas, filled out the Barriers Physical Activity Questionnaire Mobility Impairment (BPAQ-MI) with a response rate of 70% during one month of data collection. The analysis data technique is mean, percentage, and an independent sample's T-test to compare physical activity barriers between wheelchair users in urban and rural areas. The chief obstacles to physical activity are friends and family as a support system (p
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • Recreational Soccer, Body Composition and Cardiometabolic Health: A
           Training-Intervention Study in Healthy Adolescents

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Marios Hadjicharalambous   Nikolaos Zaras   Andreas Apostolidis   and Fotini Tsofliou   Recreational soccer (RS) is widely used for adolescents as a physical activity method. However, its impact on physical fitness, body composition and metabolic health in adolescents has not been extensively examined yet. The purpose of the present study was to examine the contribution of changes in body fatness and aerobic capacity to modifications in circulating blood lipids profile, following 8-weeks of RS in healthy youth. Fifty-three healthy male adolescents were separated in three groups: one performed RS (3 times x 60 min/week); the other two were served as control groups [soccer-specific training (SST) one and inactive one]. Physical fitness, body composition and blood lipids and glucose responses were evaluated before and after 8-weeks of exercise intervention. Post-intervention body weight and body fat percentage (BF%) were lowered, while physical fitness was improved (p < 0.05) in SST group only. High density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was higher (n2 = .378) and total cholesterol (TC)/HDL-C ratio was lower (n2 = .195) in the SST group relative to RS and inactive groups (p < 0.05). In conclusion, although RS may improve aerobic capacity, relative to inactive control group, it does not influence body fatness and cardiometabolic health in adolescents. Consequently, RS may not secure health benefit during the crucial transition period from adolescence to adulthood.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • The Blended Teaching Design and Practice for Physical Education
           Specialized Course

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Shi Shaowei   Zainudin Z. A.   and Huang Kun   The proposal of the core competence of the physical education (PE) discipline in the curriculum reform reflects the increasing requirements for the training of talents in the new era, and the occurrence of COVID-19's epidemic era has accelerated the pace of teaching reform. Internet technology plays a vital role in promoting teaching reform during the epidemic period. The large-scale online teaching experience during the epidemic control period makes people realise they need to change education in the post-epidemic era. The new normality of education should be a blended teaching model, the critical point and breakthrough of PE specialized courses reform. This study takes blended learning as the primary research object and puts forward the design strategies for the blended teaching of PE majors from five aspects: the principles of teaching design, teaching methods, teaching resources, teaching process and learning evaluation. Then we select the football specialized course of the Physical Education Department of Handan University as an example to perform the teaching practice and effect analysis. Practical research shows that the teaching of this study can effectively promote students' learning.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • A Rhythmic Activity Learning Model Based on Javanese Traditional Dance to
           Improve Rhythmic Skills

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Farida Mulyaningsih   Wawan S. Suherman   Pamuji Sukoco   and Ermawan Susanto   Rhythmic activity is part of physical education learning that has an influence on students' rhythmic skills. This study aims to produce a rhythmic activity learning model based on Javanese traditional dance to improve the rhythmic skills of elementary school students. This research was pursued by using the research & development method. The research procedure consisted of four stages; Stage 1. Preliminary study (N=30); Stage 2. Model development; Stage 3. Model validation (N=5); and Stage 4. Model trial (N=64). The data collection technique used is in the form of a model feasibility test. Data analysis through Confirmation Factor Analysis (CFA) is summarized in the form of quantitative and qualitative descriptive analysis. The results showed that: (1) The rhythmic activity learning model based on Javanese traditional dance has 7 warm-up movements, 15 core movements, and 4 cooling down movements; (2) The learning model of rhythmic activity based on Javanese traditional dance is effective for improving students' rhythmic skills, in terms of the aspects of memorizing movements (2.738 ± 0.556), the accuracy of movements (3.224 ± 0.529), the flexibility of movements (2.617 ± 0.540), and seriousness of movements (3.158 ± 0.521). Based on the results of the model feasibility test, it is known that the level of implementation of the rhythmic activity model based on Javanese traditional dance is very high at 90.26% and the quality of the rhythmic activity model based on Javanese traditional dance is very high at 92.75%. Through qualitative analysis, it is known that the rhythmic activity model based on traditional Javanese dance is suitable for use in learning rhythmic activities for elementary school students.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • Reliability of Evaluation Parameters of Ground Reaction Force in Stepping
           Motion

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Yusuke Oyama   Maki Kameoka   Yusuke Sakaguchi   Toshio Murayama   and Tamaki Ohta   The purpose of this study was to 1) examine the reliability of the evaluation parameters of the ground reaction force (GRF) in the stepping motion among middle-aged and elderly people, and 2) calculate the number of steps required for the analysis of the stepping motion. Participants were 128 middle-aged and elderly individuals regularly exercising at a health promotion facility. Participants performed 3 trials of the stepping motion for 10 seconds at the optimum speed on the same spot. We used a force plate to measure the vertical GRF during the stepping motion. The number of cycles and spatiotemporal parameters (8 mechanical parameters, 6 temporal parameters) were evaluated from the waveform of the GRF. Results showed that the number of cycles in the stepping motion was higher in the 2nd and 3rd trials than in the 1st trial, and the intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were as high as .837 for men and .840 for women. When comparing the two consecutive steps of 10 steps after the start of the stepping motion, the stepping motion was in a steady state from the 3rd step because the difference between the two steps became smaller after the 3rd step. Furthermore, when the number of steps required to ensure reliability was calculated using the ICC (1, 1) of each parameter, it was shown that 15 or more steps were required. Our results suggested that stepping motion may be able to secure high reliability with a smaller number of steps than gait.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • The Effect of Gobak Sodor Game on the Increase of Tai Sabaki in Adolescent
           Kenshi Dojo Triharjo

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  FransFile Manihuruk   Djoko Pekik Irianto   Suharjana   Widiyanto   Gunathevan Elumalai   and Carles Nyoman Wali   Background: Tai Sabaki technique is one of the basic techniques in Shorinji Kempo martial arts. Every move made by a kenshi must have elements of the tai sabaki technique regardless of the level in shorinji kempo martial arts. Therefore, the tai sabaki technique must be justified through various training methods, because the tai sabaki technique will play an important role when a kenshi attacks or defends. This study aims to determine the effect of the game gobag sodor on the improvement of the Tai Sabaki technique in martial arts kempo, in which there are factors of speed, accuracy and agility. The method in this research is an experimental one group pretest-posttest design. The population in this study were the teenage kenshi of Triharjo with a total of 20 teenage kenshis. The sample of the study was 20 adolescent conditions which were determined by using purposive sampling technique. The analytical technique used is descriptive quantitative as outlined in the form of a percentage. The results of the study show that 1). The influence of the game gobag sodor on the tai saibaki technique in the training process at the Triharjo dojo. 2). The gobag sodor game has a positive impact on adolescent kenshi in expressing their ability to perform shorinji kempo martial arts techniques. 3). The improvement of adolescent kenshi ability on the tai saibaki technique can be seen from the results of the pretest and posttest, where the results of the pretest are 18.50% and the post-test are 35.80%. Thus, the game of gobag sodor can improve the Tai Sabaki technique in shorinji kempo martial arts.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • Comparative Analysis of Sports Development and Management between Rural
           Communities in Ukraine and Europe

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Tetiana Dorofieieva   The paper compares the current state of sports development and management in rural Ukraine with other countries in Europe. By conducting the comparison, it aims to find the bottlenecks that can be improved in order to enhance the state of sports management in Ukraine. Rural Ukraine is deprived of laws and opportunities that allow for the development of sports facilities. This research takes an in-depth look into the opportunities that Europe's other countries have yet Ukraine doesn't. The purpose of this research is to analyze what can be improved upon and how Ukraine's rural areas bring change into their current sports condition. The paper used a secondary methodology, which involved analysis of literature from past researches into developing a comparative assessment of how other countries are achieving sports development and how Ukraine can manage it as well. The results showcase that Ukraine still requires a lot of work, effort, time and money to be invested for sports management to prosper. Various limitations were imposed on the research such as lack of time and resources, which limited the comparison to within Europe only. The social implications of such research are that the youth of any underdeveloped country can use the research to bring real change in how sports management is developed and maintained in their countries.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • Peculiarities of the Influence of Fitness Special Means on the Speed and
           Strength and Coordination Indicators of Young Football Players

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Natalia Yu. Tarabrina   Tomasz Wilczewski   and Agnieszka Połaniecka   Background: The problem of increasing coordination and conditioning abilities of young football players largely determining the level of manifestation of such motor qualities as agility, speed and strength can be solved with the help of additional means of fitness. The purpose is to study the effect of a specialized fitness program on the indicators of speed-force and coordination abilities of young football players. Material and methods: The pedagogical experiment lasted 6 months, involving 40 athletes-football players in the age of 8.97±0.04 years old (height: 139.72±1.08 cm; body mass: 31.71±0.66 kg). Children of the experimental group (n=24) were engaged in a specially designed fitness program, including exercises with different fitness equipment in the transitional mesocycle 2 times a week for 45 min, and in the preparatory one - once a week (45 min). The remaining 16 players served as a control group and continued their traditional training. Coordination abilities were determined with the help of tests "running 30 m with the ball at least 3 touches", "hitting a stationary ball from a running distance" (corridor of 10 m) and "juggling with a ball". To assess the speed and strength abilities we used "speed of running for 30 m", "long jump from a place", "pulling up from the high bar". Statistical processing was performed using Microsoft Excel and software package "STATISTICA 10.0". The parametric Student's t-test was used in the study. Differences were significant at P
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • Volleyball Game Passing Test Design and Validation

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Destriana   Destriani   Ahmad Richard Victorian   and Muslimin   This study aims to carry out the research, which is a description of what steps will be made and what will be carried out during the implementation of the passing test. The development of volleyball game skills test tools uses research and development (Research and Development). The development research in this exercise uses the ADDIE research and development model. This study uses ADDIE instructional design model Analysis phase, Design phase, Development phase, Implementation phase and Evaluation Phase. This research has reached the stage of developing a prototype for a test kit. Expert validation assessment indicators are in terms of convenience, usefulness, security, and innovation. The data analysis technique used in the development of this product is qualitative and quantitative data analysis techniques. (1) qualitative data analysis is used to analyze data in the form of suggestions or input from experts. (2) Descriptive analysis in the form of percentages is used to analyze the results of data collection from the initial needs analysis and expert evaluation. The data analysis technique that has been used in the development of a sensor-based volleyball game passing test uses a Likert scale. The result of expert validation obtained a percentage of 85% (Very Eligible) from volleyball game experts, obtained a percentage of 85% (Very Eligible) from test and measurement experts and 80% (very feasible) from censorship experts, so that the development of sensor-based testing tools is declared feasible to use.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • Reactive Agility Instruments in Karate Kumite: Aiken Validity

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Danardono   Agus Kristiyanto   Sapta Kunta Purnama   Tomoliyus   and Nevita Ariani   Background: Reactive agility test has become one of the most important issues in improving karate skills. Therefore, an instrument is needed to develop the reactive agility test for karate. This study aimed to develop the construction of a reactive agility karate instrument. Methods: This research used mixed qualitative and quantitative methods. The participants are ten experts determined by the evaluation expert and a karate expert or both criteria. The research procedure was divided into three stages. The first stage, document analysis (international journals), was used to develop the construction of reactive agility karate instruments. The second stage was expert validation using the Delphi technique. The third stage was qualitative analysis. It consisted of the suggestion from the expert judgment. Then, the expert analyzed and revised those results until there was no revision of the reactive agility karate instrument, resulting in a coefficient value. This research instrument uses a questionnaire scale of 1 to 4, namely very relevant, relevant, less relevant, and irrelevant. Then, the data analysis used the Aiken formula. This research resulted in the construction of reactive agility karate instruments, namely, the suitability of the test material with foot movements in the karate game has a coefficient value of V 1. The relevant construction for each element of karate agility has a coefficient value of V0.962. The implementation procedure has a coefficient value of V 0.851. The relevant cone distance to the karate foot movement has a coefficient value of V 1. Conclusions: Those items above resulted in a coefficient value of more than 0.70. Indeed, it can be concluded that all experts have very high agreement on the reactive agility karate test items.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • The Effect of Modification Psychomotor Tasks in the Virtual Reality on
           Cadence and Behavioural Responses of Cycling

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Nurul Farha Zainuddin    Mohd Najeb Jamaludin   Izwyn Zulkapri   Hosni Hasan   Halijah Ibrahim   and Mohd Syafiq Miswan   Virtual reality is an alternative tool to provide a safe and competitive environment, especially for training and competitions. This study aims to evaluate the effects of modified psychomotor tasks in the virtual reality on the alpha/beta ratio, power output, heart rate, and cadence. The participants are recruited among national development cyclists from National Sport School. The environment of virtual reality was modified from the available virtual reality TACX smart trainer system. The one-way multivariate of variance (MANOVA) identified the effects of the five different levels of psychomotor task (independent variables) in virtual reality on multiple variables of physiological responses. The MANOVA results indicate a statistically significant multivariate main effect for the five levels of task difficulty in road cycling, when jointly considering on the variables of alpha/beta ratio, power output, heart rate, and cadence. The multivariate general linear model for univariate ANOVA results demonstrates a significant difference between subject on alpha/beta ratio and cadence. Significant task pairwise differences were obtained for cadence between Task 1 and both Tasks 2 and 5. The results suggest human's interaction with virtual reality, specifically during the psychomotor task during road cycling. The significant effects on the joint physiological responses ensured that evaluation of the experiment on developed task difficulty in virtual reality was practical, applicable and can be modified when required for training or assessment. The involvement of cognitive functions in response to behavioural mechanism merits further investigation and are deferred for future work.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • The Effect of Balinese Traditional Games 'Megoak-goakan' and 'Megala-gala'
           on Physical Agility in Martial Arts Athletes

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Made Agus Dharmadi   I Nyoman Kanca   I Gusti Lanang Agung Parwata   Ni Luh Putu Spyanawati   I Ketut Semarayasa   Made Agus Wijaya   Luh Putu Tuti Ariani   and Ni Putu Dwi Sucita Dartini   Agility in martial arts is very important. In martial arts, agility is used to support performances in kicks, punches, and sweeps. Quick kicks and quick punches and quick sweeps will allow an athlete to win in the tournament. This study aims to determine the effect of Balinese Traditional Games 'megoak-goakan' and 'megala-gala' on physical agility of the Banyuning Martial Arts Club Athletes. The sample of this study amounted to 36 athletes aged 10-16 years, using a random sampling technique. This research method uses quasi-experimental, data collection using the Shuttle Run test of agility. This research was conducted by dividing into two groups: the experimental group was given the practice of Balinese traditional games 'megoak-goakan' and the control group was given the practice of Balinese traditional games 'megala-gala' for six weeks, three times a week. The data were analyzed using t-test pair test with one-way ANOVA at a significance level of 0,005. The results showed that 1) the Balinese traditional games 'megoak-goakan' affect the physical agility of the Martial Art Athletes, 2) the Balinese traditional games 'megala-gala' affect the Martial Art Athletes, and 3) there is a difference in the effect between the Balinese traditional games training 'megoak-goakan' and 'megala-gala' on the physical agility of the Martial Art Athletes where the Balinese traditional games 'megala-gala' are better than the Balinese traditional games 'megoak-goakan'. This shows that Balinese traditional games 'megoak-goakan' and 'megala-gala' are very much needed for martial arts athletes because they can increase physical agility.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • UMAC-CPF Coordination Test Model for Predicting the Eye, Hand, and Foot
           Coordination Ability of CP Football Players

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Fadilah Umar   Ruslan   Misbah   M. Furqon Hidayatullah   Waluyo   Tri Winarti Rahayu   Intan Suraya Ellyas   Satria Yudi Gontara   Agustiyanta   Sugeng   and Abdul Aziz Purnomo Shidiq   Cerebral palsy (CP) is a brain disorder experienced by a person, which results in experiencing many disturbances in motor activities. Impaired motor coordination in people with CP is immediately apparent when observed. The coordination ability of players is needed in activities during playing football. Adequate instruments are necessary to measure the special coordination abilities of cerebral palsy (CP) football players. This study aimed to produce an instrument test model to measure the special coordination abilities of people with cerebral palsy. The research method was research and development using quantitative and qualitative approaches. The respondents were people with cerebral palsy who met the CP football classification requirements according to the International Federation of Cerebral Palsy Football (IFCPF) regulations. Data analysis used the SPSS statistical software. The study resulted in a valid and reliable test instrument for eye, hand, and foot coordination for cerebral palsy football players. The norms for the Eye-Hand and Foot Coordination Ability test of the Cerebral Palsy football players were in the Excellent category (Point 5) if the score was ≥ 29, Good (Point 4) for the score of 19-28, Moderate (Point 3) for the score of 10-18, Deficient (Point 2) for the score of 5-9, and Immoderate (Point 1) if the score was ≤ 4. The eye, hand, and foot coordination test instrument was mainly for the CP football players, which can also be used by athletes, coaches, and educators. This instrument was named Umar Motor Ability Circuit-Cerebral Palsy Football (UMAC-CPF) Coordination Test Model.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • Enhancing Visual Perception of Sports Quality in Rhythmic Gymnastics
           Routine by Increasing Congruence between Music and Movement

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Loo Fung Chiat   Loo Fung Ying   Chua Yan Piaw   and Md Jais Ismail   The use of music in sports routines that involve choreography is inevitable, and the appropriateness between the two is taken into account for awarding points in competitions. In dance, theatre, or in firm music, the use of music in choreography displays the subjectivity of interpretation to a certain extent due to preferences, background of audience, coach, and composer. However, more scientific and fundamental aspects shared between music and movement can provide a better perception of a particular routine. This study reports an experiment on a rhythmic gymnastics routine to investigate whether an increased congruence between music and movement enhances the perception of sports quality from a musical perspective. In the experiment, the original music accompaniment was changed with a new composition to increase the congruence between music and movement using six parameters including tempo, rhythm, phrasing, accent, direction, and dynamic. Fifty-two undergraduate music majors evaluated two videos of the same routine in a questionnaire regarding the qualities of the performance. Apart from motivation, the results show that the sports qualities with the new accompaniment were significantly perceived better than the original version.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • Competitive State Anxiety Inventory–2R (CSAI-2R): Adapting and
           Validating Its Indonesian Version

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Miftah Fariz Prima Putra   and Tri Setyo Guntoro   The Competitive State Anxiety Inventory (CSAI) is claimed to be the most popular measuring instrument used by researchers in revealing competitive anxiety in athletes. However, the research report stated that the instrument had psychometric weaknesses, so the CSAI was revised to CSAI-2R. Currently, there are not many tests on the psychometric properties of the latest version of the CSAI. The aim of this study is to test the CSAI-2R in the Indonesian version. A total of 200 elite Papuan Indonesian athletes (120 males, 80 females) whose mean age was 21.98 years, SD = 5.07 took part in the study. There are three instruments used in the study, namely CSAI-2R, Sport Anxiety Scale-2 (SAS-2), and Spirituality in Sports Test (SIST). The statistical analysis used Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and the internal consistency testing used Cronbach Alpha. The finding shows that the model fits on several parameters including RMSEA = .045, GFI = .919, CFI = .964, TLI = .955, PNFI = .717, and PGFI = .661. The factor loading value of each item ranges from .44 to .83 with squared multiple correlations ranging from .19 to .69. The reliability values range from .61 to .86. Overall, the convergent validity test shows a correlation coefficient value of .722, while the divergent validity test shows that the correlation coefficient value is not significant (r = -.120). The conclusion of this study is that the Indonesian version of the psychometric property of the CSAI-2R is a valid and reliable competitive anxiety measurement instrument for measuring athlete anxiety.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • Analysis of Verbal Language from the Theory of Human Movement as a Complex
           System

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Julio Ernesto Pérez-Parra   Alexandra Suaza-Restrepo   and Francia Restrepo-de-Mejía   The objective of this manuscript is to carry out a conceptual analytical review of verbal language from the theory of Human Body Movement as a Complex System (HMCS). This theory is proposed by the Body-Movement Research Group from the Autonomous University of Manizales, Colombia. This model assumes that language production is essentially an embodied motor function. The analysis here presented involves postulates of both structural and functional theories of language, as well as cognitive linguistics, since the HMCS theory encompasses these multiple possibilities of approach. It is this conjecture of a holistic vision of language from its different approaches that leads to the proposition that, in effect, the different levels of linguistic analysis find several analogous components in the HMCS model. A conceptual analytical review is carried out, and structured in two main components. In the first part, the HMCS theory is exposed with its three levels of interaction: the objectified aspects of movement, the potentiality of movement and the external context of human movement. In the second part, an analysis of verbal language is carried out from this conceptual framework, also analyzed from the three levels of interaction: the objectified aspects of verbal language as a motor expression, the potentiality of verbal language and the context in the production of verbal language. Definitions, concepts, interactions and analogies are presented during the development of the article. In conclusion, body movement is language and language is, in essence, human movement. Both are intricate, integrated, indivisible, and inherently constitutive aspects of the same cognitive processes. The analogy achieved highlights the theory of the shared resource between motor control and cognitive control. In the same way that verbal language allows communication based on communicative intentions, body movement allows the exchange of information, constituting a bridge between cognition and the world.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • Content Validity and Reliability Test of Balance Training Program for
           Archery

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Moch. Septian Resi Wibowo   Endang Rini Sukamti   Yudik Prasetyo   Paryadi   Muhammad Ramli Buhari   Maftukin Hudah   Dewangga Yudhistira   Noralisa   and La Ode Adhi Virama   Background: Archery is a sport in which arrows are shot using a bow. The most important physical aspect of archery is balance. Purpose: This research aimed to test the content validity and reliability of the balance training program. Methods: The participants involved in this study were 5 physical trainers and 2 nationally licensed archery trainers. Some documents were also used in this research. The approach used was a mixed qualitative and quantitative approach. This research was divided into four stages: (1) analyzing e-books, textbooks, and pertinent articles qualitatively, (2) evaluating the program using the Delphi technique, which involves experts assessing questionnaires on a 1 to 5 scale until a consensus is obtained, (3) testing the content validity using the CVR formula, (4) testing the reliability using Cronbach alpha and ICC. Results: The content validity and Cronbach alpha values were found to be 0.754> 0.6 and 0.71-1.00, respectively, based on the findings. In addition, the ICC single measurement value was 0.1191 with a mean measurement value of 0.486> 0.75. Conclusion: Based on the content validity and reliability test findings, it can be stated that the balance training program has a good score, indicating that it can be applied during archery athlete training.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • Effects of Exercise and Vibration Therapy on Body Composition in
           β-Thalassemia Patients

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Genti Pano   Andis Bogdani   and Anduela Lile   The genetic condition beta thalassemia is one of the most frequent in the world. Beta thalassemia is a blood condition in which hemoglobin synthesis is reduced. Age, gender, gonadal status, nutrition, exercise, and hormonal variables are all factors that impact body composition. The main objective was to see how exercise combined with vibration therapy affected body composition in β-Thalassemia patients. Ten female β-Thalassemia volunteers, aged 18 to 32, were separated into two groups: control group (5 subjects) and experimental/intervention group (5 subjects). Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to determine body composition. A 12-week exercise regimen was designed to be conducted on a vibration platform with a frequency programmed from 15-30 MHz, in total 50 minutes per session including warm-up and cool down. After the intervention, ANOVA findings demonstrated a significant difference in the dependent variable (Fat tissue %) between the experimental and control groups (F(1)=9.111, p=0.017). In the measurements that were repeated after the intervention, the dependent variable (Lean tissue %) showed no significant difference (p>0.05) between the experimental and control groups (F(1)=2.671, p=0.141). Exercise combined with vibration therapy improved body composition parameters in the intervention group, indicating that this form of intervention can be utilized to enhance general health in thalassemia patients. Other studies need to be carried out to better identify risk factors, prevention strategies, and to introduce special guidelines in designing customized physical activity programs for different social groups.
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • Dynamics of Cadets' Physical Fitness in the Process of Arm Wrestling

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  3  Anatolii Rebryna   Vitalii Kytrar   Аnna Коshel   Oleksii Petrovych   Tetiana Bondar   Pavlo Bosniuk   Roman Stasiuk   Volodymyr Serhiіenko   Ivan Tkachenko   Oleksandr Kisiliuk   and Illya Khlibovych   The article examines the impact of arm wrestling on the level of cadets' physical fitness during their training. The research involved male cadets of the Odessa Military Academy. We formed two groups of cadets to achieve the aim of the research: the experimental (EG) and the control (CG) groups. The EG included cadets who were engaged in arm wrestling during their sporting and mass participation events at the academy (n = 36), and the CG included cadets who were engaged in sporting and mass participation events in compliance with the traditional training methods (n = 36). The level of development of strength qualities was studied according to the following tests: pull-ups on the horizontal bar, hip pull-overs on the horizontal bar, breast-ups on the horizontal bar, kettlebell jerks weighing 24 kg, dip-ups on the parallel bars, push-ups. The speed was studied according to the results of the 100 m run, agility and coordination skills – according to the test on the obstacle course (400 m); endurance – according to the results of the 3 km run. A significantly (p ≤ 0.001) better level of strength development in the EG cadets was revealed at the end of the experiment, compared to the CG cadets, according to the results of all strength exercises. The EG cadets also showed better indicators than the CG cadets according to the tests that characterize other motor qualities (100 m run, overcoming the obstacle course, 3 km run), but the difference was insignificant (p ˃ 0.05).
      PubDate: June 2022
       
  • Accuracy Training Program: Can Improve Shooting Results of Petanque
           Athletes Aged 15-20 Years'

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  1  Diajeng Tyas Pinru Phytanza   Erick Burhaein   Subur Indriawan   Carla Cristina Vieira Lourenço   Nevzat Demirci   Puput Widodo   Ibnu Prasetyo Widiyono   Yogi Ferdy Irawan   Wisnu Guntur Sutopo   Mokhamad Parmadi   Alfiah Rizqi Azizah   Muhammad Saleh   Agus Hadiatmo   and Ari Susanto   The background in this study is the shooting ability of petanque athletes whose achievements are inconsistent during the match/competition. This study aims to find out the effect of accuracy training on the results of shooting games of petanque athletes. Participants in the study were 20 athletes (ages 15-20 years; M = 17.7; SD: 2.4). This research design is one group pretest-posttest experimental design. The instruments used for the test of ability (shooting) are game numbers (shooting station) 1-5 with a distance of 6-9 meters. Data analysis uses a t-test with the help of IBM SPSS 24. Based on the calculation of pretest and posttest data on the shooting results of petanque athletes who have obtained an accuracy training program, it shows a value of p = 0.000 which means that p
      PubDate: Feb 2022
       
  • Android-Based Material for Sports Massage Learning

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  1  Boby Ardianzah Efendy   Achmad Sofyan Hanif   Iman Sulaiman   and Muhsana El Cintami Lanos   The Android application is a Linux-based operating system for cellular phones such as smartphones and tablet computers that can be designed as digital media to facilitate the need for teaching materials. The purpose of this study was to develop Android-based massage sports teaching materials for students in the Physical Education, Health, and Recreation Study Program. The research method was research and development with the Borg and Gall models. Data collection techniques included observation, interviews, questionnaires, tests, and documents. The participants involved were students, colleagues, and experts. The results of the study indicate that teaching materials for learning sports massage based on Android provide convenience in understanding the content of the material. Students can access materials easily at any time, both on-campus and off-campus. This application is called "MassageSmartClick," which can be accessed on mobile phones, and students can also study it in the print book that has been presented in the application. It has some menus, namely the splash menu, main menu, competency menu, material menu, illustration menu, evaluation menu, and information menu.
      PubDate: Feb 2022
       
  • A Study on the Physiological Profiles and Performance Characteristics of
           Modern Pentathletes

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  1  Jae-Ryang Yoon   Modern pentathlon is characterized by the possible direct effects on performance of physical characteristics, fitness level, and record management and therefore, obtaining information about the fitness level and records can be an important factor in improving performance among athletes. To examine the specificity of anthropometrics, physiology, and performance among modern pentathlon athletes, it is necessary to examine and analyze many factors for performance and few researchers have measured or analyzed modern pentathletes. This study aimed to analyze anthropometric data of elite modern pentathalon athletes through a literature review and determine the physical characteristics for better performance, examine cardiorespiratory functions directly connected with the performance in sport shooting-running. The literature review found that maximal heart rate (HRmax) ranged from 184.10 bpm to 197.89 bpm, maximal voluntary ventilation (VEmax) from 151.7 L/min to 163.05 L/min, and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) from 54.4 ml/kg/min to 75.97 ml/kg/min. For the anaerobic threshold (AT) level, oxygen uptake (VO2) ranged from 53.72 ml/kg/min (82.6% VO2max) to 63.65 ml/kg/min (84.4% VO2max), heart rate from 169 bpm to 182 bpm, and blood lactate concentration from 10.64 mM to 17.20 mM. Therefore, it is also necessary to develop an effective interval training method for improving anaerobic threshold, cardiorespiratory endurance, and lactate tolerance. Further research is needed to identify effective training for improving cardiorespiratory endurance, the AT level, and lactate tolerance rather than the physical characteristics.
      PubDate: Feb 2022
       
  • Relationship between Rapid Strength, Reactive and Strength and Agility in
           University Sports Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  1  Felice Di Domenico   Gaetano Altavilla   and Gaetano Raiola   Sports training is a complex phenomenon which, to be effective for the planned purposes, must consider all the aspects that make it up. Agility, rapid strength, and reactive strength are factors that contribute, at various levels and in an integrated mood, to the achievement of sporting performance. Often, these aspects are considered separately and not always satisfactory results in the competitive phase, as there is not sufficient knowledge of the relationship between agility and levels of explosive and reactive strength. The aim was to show how these factors (agility, explosive and reactive strength) had interactions with each other that could be exploited in the development and refinement phase. The study was conducted on a sample of 30 students from the University of Salerno who were administered a battery of instrumental tests through the Optojump platform to recruit quantitative data regarding explosive strength, reactive strength, and agility. One way, Anova and post hoc Bonferroni were performed as statistical tools to analyze data. The results showed a significant difference between the groups (p
      PubDate: Feb 2022
       
  • Sports App: Digitalization of Sports Basic Movement

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  1  Galih Priyambada   Aba Sandi Prayoga   Andy Widhiya Bayu Utomo   Deny Pradana Saputro   and Rudi Hartono   Sport is an activity that requires various aspects of support, with the habit that is often done. This study aims to produce a processing system for basic sports results or basic motor skills using a digital-based application for basic movement skills in sports. The research method used in this case is a research and development approach or method. The data collection method used in this study is a questionnaire given to respondents to obtain accurate data. While the data analysis used qualitative and quantitative data analysis to obtain valid and effective value data. The results in this study indicate that the data processing application system to determine the basic skills or basic abilities that were developed received a positive assessment from the trainer with very good and sufficient criteria. The average rating of very good is 37.5%, good is 50% and sufficient is as much as 12.5%. Furthermore, description by respondents shows that the data processing application system for the results of basic abilities or basic abilities is declared valid and can be used without revision and with revision. Based on the results of this study, it can be said that the developed system is valid and can be used to process basic motor skills possessed by athletes or students.
      PubDate: Feb 2022
       
  • Comparison of Hollow Sprint and Interval Training in Increasing Speed of
           100 M Sprint Test

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  1  Widiastuti   Hasyim   Muhamad Syamsul Taufik   Budi Ariyanto Muslim   Suharti   Soleh Solahuddin   Silvy Juditya   and Karisdha   Hollow Sprint Training (accelerated sprint) starts with a slow running motion. Interval training consists of repetitions of a maximum intensity exercise. Detailed data on these two exercises for which one is more effective in increasing the 100 m run is very limited. This study aims to determine the difference in the effect of hollow sprints and interval training in increasing the running speed of 100 meters. Method: A total of 20 samples of 100-meter sprint event athletes participated in this study. The method used was an experiment with a Comparative Design model. The data collection technique used in this study was a test instrument. They were divided into two groups which designed as hollow sprint group (A) and interval training group (B). This study used comparative experimental method where athletes in each group were given two different treatments and a 100meter speed test before and after the treatment. Results: 1) The p-value of the hollow sprint group or group A (0.004) is smaller than 0.05, which can be concluded that group A had a significant increase. 2) The p-value of the interval group or group B (0.006) is smaller than 0.05, which can be concluded that group B had a significant increase. 3) There is a significant difference between hollow sprint and interval training on increasing 100-meter running speed, the p-value (0.035) is smaller than 0.05. Conclusions: Interval training is more effective than hollow sprint training in increasing athletes' 100 meters running speed.
      PubDate: Feb 2022
       
  • Effect of a Training Program Accompanied by a Suggested Diet on Some
           Physiological Variables and Regulating Blood Sugar Level in Type II
           Diabetics

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  1  Mohammed Nader Shalaby   Marwa Ahmed Fadl   Hoda Abdel Hameed Abdel Wahab   Reda Mohamed Hassan Hashem   Rasha Abd Alfattah Mohammed Faid   Noha Awad Mousa   and Mona Fathi Khalil   Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in our modern era. As a result of the technological evolution recently and the abundance of public and private transportation, in addition to the lack of movement in our societies, many diseases have spread. One of them is diabetes, which is known now as the lack of movement disease. It is one of the most common diseases worldwide. Diabetes comes with a group of diseases called the "lifestyle diseases" like high blood pressure, obesity and heart disease, and other chronic diseases engaged with the technological evolution and lack of movement diseases. The study aimed to identify the effect of the training program accompanied by the proposed diet on some physiological variables and regulating blood sugar levels (diastolic pressure, systolic pressure, cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density cholesterol (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), fasting blood sugar, non-fasting sugar, cumulative sugar), in type II diabetics. To achieve this, the researchers used the experimental method, as it suited the nature of the study (designed by one experimental group) in a sample of 10 males who were chosen deliberately aged between 45 and 55 years old. The sample members were committed to an eight-week training program accompanied by a diet with three training modules per week. The conclusion of the study showed statistically significant differences between the pre-and post-measurements, in favor of the post-measurement in all variables under study, except for the triglyceride variable. The researchers recommended that sports activity should be practiced regularly in addition to the diet, as it affects regulating blood sugar and controlling its high levels.
      PubDate: Feb 2022
       
  • A Survey on Types of Injuries in Indonesian Recreational Badminton Players

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  1  Tri Hadi Karyono   Oce Wiriawan   Hari Setijono   Ibrahim   Ramdan Pelana   Sofyan Hanif   and Bagus Winata   The purpose of this study was to find out and describe the types of injuries sustained by recreational badminton players in Indonesia. In this descriptive study, conducted by interview, we evaluated recreational male badminton players (n=80) at Rawamangun Jakarta Sports Center. The focus of the interview questions was divided into 2 sessions, namely the general session and the main interview session. The general session asks about anthropometry data, years and frequency of playing badminton, medical history, and sports activities, while the main interview session contains the causes of injury, anatomical injury, and frequency of injury in one year. This study showed that the older the participants are, the less frequently they play badminton (41-50 years = 2.2 ± 1.1 vs 31-40 years = 2.9 ± 1.1 vs 21-30 years = 3.1 ± 0.8). Acute injuries predominated in the age range of 21-30 years (83%) and 31-40 years (53%). Meanwhile, at the age of 41-50 years, overuse injury is the dominant injury compared to acute injury (83% vs 17%). In terms of anatomical injuries, 74% of 80 participants had lower limb injuries. Regarding the cause of injury, 52.5% of all 80 participants chose inadequate warm-up as the cause of injury. This study shows that as people get older, the risk of injury in recreational badminton players in Indonesia increases. Inadequate warm-up is a common cause of injury risk for all ages, and the lower limb is the part of the body that is most often injured.
      PubDate: Feb 2022
       
  • Effects of Theobromine and Caffeine on Muscle Fatigue Levels after Maximum
           Physical Activity (Experiment on Male Wistar Rats)

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  1  Taufiq Hidayah   Andry Akhiruyanto   Sugiarto   Dewangga Yudhistira   Sulistiyono   and Aan Wahyu Setiawan   Muscle fatigue often occurs when a person performs a maximal activity. However, some substances are believed to be able to improve exercise performance and control energy due to muscle fatigue called ergogenic substances. Ergogenic substances that are not included in the doping category are theobromine and caffeine. Unfortunately, there are very few exercise studies examining theobromine and caffeine, so further testing to prove their benefits is still needed. Therefore, this study aims to determine the effect of the administration of ergogenic theobromine and caffeine after the maximum activity so that a decrease in lactic acid levels can be found. This research is an experimental study with laboratory testing and is carried out based on a random control posttest approach. Sampling was done by using the total sampling technique. The research sample was 18 male Wistar rats aged 2-3 months with a weight of 150-250 grams. Samples were divided into 3 groups consisting of the control group, theobromine group, and the caffeine group. The instrument for taking blood samples is accutrend plus. The data obtained were analyzed using descriptive analysis. The hypothesis was tested using One Way Anova with the help of SPSS 16. The tests carried out found that the average values of the control group, theobromine, and caffeine were 5.2, 4.9, and 4.2, respectively. The results of the hypothesis test showed that the significance value obtained was 0.35> 0.05 which indicated that the hypothesis was rejected. In conclusion, the administration of ergogenic theobromine and caffeine did not give a significant difference in reducing lactic acid levels. This invention can thus be used as a reference for athletes not to use these substances to reduce fatigue and increase energy.
      PubDate: Feb 2022
       
  • Exploring Study of Yogyakarta Physical Fitness Athletes in Indonesia

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  1  Risti Nurfadhila   Tomoliyus   Abdul Alim   Japhet Ndayisenga   and Endang Rini Sukamti   Background: Physical fitness training is very important for sports performance. The objective is to assess the different capacities of athletes like speed, strength, flexibility, leg muscle power, and VO2max. The purpose of this study was: (1) to determine the current status of physical fitness of Yogyakarta athletes, (2) to compare the physical fitness performance on the standard's physical fitness value, (3) to show the effects of physical fitness on the athlete's performance. Research methodology: this is exploring research with a mixed-method qualitative and quantitative study. The sample of this study was 39 subjects from Yogyakarta. The subjects were taken randomly. The subjects were aged between 13-18 years, and they were from many various parties of Yogyakarta. The content of the training was squat jumps: 10 to 15 repetitions, standard push-ups: 10 to 15 repetitions, calf raises 15 to 20 repetitions, bench dips: 10 to 15 repetitions, abdominal crunches: 15 to 20 repetitions, jump rope: 60 seconds, plyometric exercise, sit-ups, press-ups, squats, lunges, and step-ups within three times per week for six weeks. The facts series technique was a physical battery test on the playground. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics. The result showed that Yogyakarta athletes still have low physical fitness with a P-value of 0.000. Conclusion: Yogyakarta athletes still hold low physical fitness like speed, VO2Max, flexibility, explosive strength, power, and coordination.
      PubDate: Feb 2022
       
  • The Effectiveness of Sports Programs in Improving the Social Interaction
           of Children with Down Syndrome

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  1  Ahmed K. Hassan   and Ahmed R. Elsayed   Paying attention to learners with special needs is essential to achieving the principle of equal educational opportunities for all. This study is aimed at determining the effectiveness of sports programs in improving the social interaction of children with Down syndrome. The sample consisted of 12 children with Down syndrome. Their ages ranged from 8 to 14 years, and their IQ ranged from 50 to 70. They were from Al Najashi School in Al Hofuf, Al Hasa. The children were asked questions to gain preliminary data about children with Down syndrome. A scale was used to measure and assess their social interaction, and the efficacy of the sports programs in their social interaction was obtained. The results show that there are differences in the social interaction of group members in the test conducted before participation in the program (pre-test) as compared to the test conducted after participation in the program (post-test). There are also statistically significant differences among the experimental and control groups in their social interaction, in favor of the experimental group. There were no differences in the social interaction in the experimental group between the post- and follow-up tests. This shows the effectiveness of sports programs in improving social interaction in children with Down syndrome, as well as the continuing effectiveness in improving social interaction for these children during the follow-up period. The study recommends that sports programs be used to improve social interaction skills in children with Down syndrome.
      PubDate: Feb 2022
       
  • Differential Effects of Sport Type and Sport Category on Time Demands and
           Well-Being of College Athletes

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  1  Jay C. Santos   and Michael Sagas   Time commitment of college athletes raises some alarm, leaving them vulnerable to career transitions and well-being consequences. How college athletes spend their academic and athletic time is not much explored. In the United States, college athletes are often classified based on their respective sport revenue production and sport type. The comparison of athletes based on sport category and sport type is sparse in the academic literature. By and large, well-being and time commitment of athletes among some others are believed to be significant factors in college sports success. This study examined the differential effects of sport category (revenue vs non-revenue) and sport type (individual vs team) on academic time use, athletic time use, subjective well-being, emotional well-being, and physical well-being of college athletes. It utilized secondary data provided by the U.S. National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) granted upon agreement on data fair use. Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) was performed to examine the research questions. Significant differences relative to sport type and sport category were found in academic time use and athletic time use. Team sport and revenue-generating sport athletes were more athletically inclined, while individual sport and non-revenue generating sport athletes were more academically engaged.
      PubDate: Feb 2022
       
  • The Recent Application of the OSTRC Boxing Injury Prevention Program among
           Boxers in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  1  Wesam Saleh A. Al Attar   Walaa Abutaleb   Nada Alhazmi   and Hussain S. Ghulam   Due to the high probability of injuries seen from boxing, together with the lack of assessment data examining the degree of risk to athletes, this study searched for solutions that may provide updated information to reduce or prevent the risk of injuries in this sport. This study aims to collect updated information about major injury risks among boxers and devise appropriate means to modify or prevent these risks by investigating the implementation of Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center (OSTRC) evidence-based injury prevention exercises among boxers. A survey was published containing a maximum of 23 multiple-choice questions from boxing associations in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries to 300 boxers in six GCC countries. A total of 261 boxers participated in the study, with core stability exercises being the most frequently implemented at a rate of 52.5%. There were no statistically significant differences between the GCC countries in terms of the average number of injury prevention exercises performed. Finally, all exercise programs were studied in terms of injury prevention, and shoulder stabilization exercises were the only ones where the implementation rates varied widely between the GCC countries. Effective injury prevention strategies must be implemented, an athlete injury form report must be submitted to facilitate this, and information must be collected about the mechanism of the injury.
      PubDate: Feb 2022
       
  • Development of Physical Activity Models Based on Motor Perception for
           Kindergarten Children

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  1  B. Suhartini   and BM Wara Kushartanti   The phenomenon that occurs in today's children is the decreasing number of play activities that involve children's physical activity. This study aims to produce five models of motor perception activity to improve executive function in kindergarten students. This research was pursued by using the research & development method. The research procedure consisted of four stages; Stage 1. Preliminary study (N=50); Stage 2. Development of 5 models of motor perception activity; Stage 3. Expert validation consists of lecturers (N=7) and teachers (N=3); and Stage 4. Trial of motor perception activity model (N=50). The data collection technique used was in the form of filling out observation sheets for 50 parents. Data analysis was summarized in the form of quantitative descriptive analysis and qualitative analysis. The results showed that children's motoric elements were low, including 15% student activity, 40% balance, 23% motor skills, 27% interest, and 57% attention. The availability of learning equipment to support motor perception activities is indicated by the percentage of 49% or very low. This motor perception activity model is created in 5 activities, namely: (1) walking on a balance beam, (2) jumping in a half circle of hola hops, (3) running, jumping, jumping & tiptoeing, (4) crawling while dribbling, and (5) throwing balloons while sitting. Based on the results of the calculation of quantitative data from the teacher's assessment as the model user, it is known that the level of implementation of the motor perception activity model for kindergarten students is very high at 96.15% and the quality of the model is very high at 94.85%. Through quantitative and qualitative analysis, it is known that the motor perception activity learning model is suitable for use in learning physical activity for kindergarten students while at the same time giving an impact on children's physical activity participation.
      PubDate: Feb 2022
       
  • Aggression Behaviour and Physical Fitness of National Handball Girls
           Players

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  1  Gangu Naidu Mandala   Kavitha Desai   Jerlin Jose   Nilofer Hussaini   and Martha Sucharitha M   Aggression is one of the significant types of feeling and emotion, which is exceptionally fundamental for sports execution. It is ordinarily propelled conduct at any rate for that specific purpose of time in the genuine play, which drives a player brimming with his energies towards his point. 150 School National Handball female players aged 14-17 years who were concentrated in higher optional schools of Andhra Pradesh Rural and Urban were haphazardly chosen as subjects. An aggression scale is used to contemplate the degree of aggression in any age gathering (over 14 years). The scale comprises 55 articulations. It is a Likert type 5-guide scale toward locating the aggressive conduct among Handball players. The premise of the discoveries is that the shooters have phenomenal aggression conduct than the all-rounders and defenders and shooters have more physical fitness than the all-rounders and defenders. In the examination, the Shooter would have a more aggressive inclination and physical fitness when contrasted with all-rounders and defenders. It is very different on the grounds that the Shooter alone for example independently will confront the adversary gathering of players because of body contact and the battle for greatness will lead the shooter to more aggressive than others.
      PubDate: Feb 2022
       
  • Analysis of Agility, Strength and Power Differences in Basketball Players
           in Relation to Age

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  4  Hadi   Dewangga Yudhistira   Syahru Romadhoni   and Haris Kurnianto   Basketball relies on ideal physical conditions. Power, agility, and strength are three of the most significant physical characteristics. To develop an appropriate training program depends on age, knowledge of power, agility, and strength are required. The study's goal was to examine power, agility and strength as a function of age. Ex post facto sampling was used in this study, and it was done using the purposive sampling strategy. Research participants were basketball junior players aged 15 to 18 years who were divided into 3 groups based on age. Vertical leap, 505, barbell squat, and bench press were the test instruments used. Kruskal Wallis and post hoc tests were used to analyze the research data. The power analysis was found to be 0.041>0.05, agility 0.094>0.05, leg strength 0.0010.05, and arm 0.0000.05 based on the Kruskal Wallis test results. The sig value of the post hoc test on the study of leg and arm strength was 0.0000.05. In conclusion, there was no significant difference between the analyses of power and agility, but there was a significant difference between the analyses of arm and leg strength at the ages of 15 and 18. The results of these findings can be used to increase the knowledge base and as an evaluation material for coaches for their athletes.
      PubDate: Aug 2022
       
  • Physical Performance Characteristic of West Sumatera Athletes in Combat
           and Game Sports

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  4  Risky Syahputra   Oktarifaldi   Lucy Pratama Putri   and Syahrial Bakhtiar   It takes excellent physical preparation for athletes to face the XX National Sports Week event in Papua province for West Sumatra athletes. In the following, the characteristics of the physical condition of the athletes at the Provincial Training Center are presented in the martial arts and games. This study involves 77 selected athletes. The sampling technique used is total sampling, making all the population a sample. There are 10 instruments used to get a picture of the athlete's physical condition (Mackenzie, B), namely: sit ups, push ups, medicine hand ball, bleep test, 20 meter sprint, 400 meter sprint, t-run, core stability, split and jumping hurdle. Data analysis using descriptive techniques is conducted with the help of the SPSS Version 21 application. The research findings show that the athletes' Core Stability test results are in the very good category because only 14% of athletes are below the group average. Furthermore, the test results of sit ups, push ups, medicine hand ball, bleep test, 20 meter sprint, 400 meter sprint, t-run, split and jumping hurdle show that athletes' physical conditions were in the medium category, because 44% to 60% of athletes were below average. It can be concluded, from 10 physical condition test instruments, only core stability athletes are good. The average ability of other physical conditions is still not good and needs to be improved again so that the expected performance can be achieved optimally.
      PubDate: Aug 2022
       
  • Physical Activity Module in Health Sports Physical Education Learning on
           Physical Fitness and Health

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  4  Berto Apriyano   Zainal Abidin Zainuddin   and Asha Hasnimy Mohd Hashim   This study is expected to be able to contribute to increasing students' physical fitness and health so that it can help reduce the risk of obesity through exercise-based physical activity, namely TEFIX, which can be used in learning. In this way, it is hoped that the PJOK's objectives can be achieved. Therefore, this investigation is also expected to help PJOK teachers give more focus to the physical fitness stage of students. The method of this study is study and development (Research and Development). This research uses a quantitative approach method using Quasi Experimental Design through the Pretest and Posttest Control-Group Design methods. In this experiment, the investigator uses control and study sets, but the collection of participants into groups is not random. The examination used in this case is TKJI for physical fitness and BMI for health. Before completing the small organization trial, the TEFIX training modules can be verified with experts. With the results of eight validators getting the usual results in the "very good" category, then a small group trial analysis (Pre research) was carried out to obtain reliability using the results of the pre-test and post-test, for the BMI scores of male students "high" and female students "Very high", for TKJI scores of male students "high" and female students "tall". It can be concluded that the TEFIX physical activity module is valid and has a high correlation and high enough reliability to survive in a larger group sample.
      PubDate: Aug 2022
       
  • The Effect of Teaching Game Approach to Improve Football Passing

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  4  Aldo Naza Putra   and Sepriadi   Physical Education teachers still use conventional and unvaried learning models, and the limitations of teachers in applying learning models result in students' skills in football games not being achieved. In addition, the tools used in learning are standard for professional players. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the learning model in football so that students are more active during learning and improve basic passing technique skills between boys and girls. The learning model applied is based on the 2013 physical education curriculum by taking one of the themes of games and sports. The research method used is experimental with pre-test and post-test designs. There is a division of groups to determine the effectiveness of the applied model (experimental and control groups). The sample in this study was 85 junior high school students (38 boys and 47 girls aged 12-15 years). The results of this study indicate that in the control group, there is a mean difference with the value t03,543>ttable2,030. In the experimental group, there is a mean difference with the value t029,605>ttable2,030. While the post-test results between the control and experimental groups showed a difference in the mean with the value t06,854>ttable1,989 significant 0,05. Based on these results, it can be concluded that the learning model applied is more effective in improving the essential technical skills of football passing in junior high school students. It should also be noted that the model used must be adapted to the characteristics of students so that it is more exciting and can be done during physical education learning. So students will be happier, more comfortable, and able to work together in understanding.
      PubDate: Aug 2022
       
  • Swiss Ball-Based Core Stability Exercise for Students-Athletes of Pencak
           Silat in Pontianak: Experimental Study

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  4  Ramdani Amrullah   Suriani Sari   Ilham Surya Fallo   Whalsen Duli Agus Lauh   and Edi Purnomo   The core muscles are essential for stabilization and strength building in all sports activities. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the Swiss ball-based core stability training model for student-athletes of Pencak silat. Methods: This study used an experimental method with a pretest-posttest control group design. The subject of this research was the student-athlete of Pencak silat in Pontianak. Specifically, the sample was student-athletes aged 15-17 years. The respondents of this study were 60 student-athletes who were divided into two groups, the experimental and control groups, with 30 respondents in each. Analysis: Quantitative data analysis techniques were used to determine the effectiveness of the exercise model with plank instruments and modified bass tests of dynamic balance, before and after treatment. Data were analyzed using SPSS Statistics version 16. Results: The results obtained from the core muscle strength test using the plank instrument before was 1.8630 and after being given treatment was 2.763, concluded that the experimental group's core muscle strength was higher or more effective than the control group. While the value of dynamic balance with the modified bass test instrument obtained before was 26 and after being treated was 35.83. Conclusion: The balance test of the experimental group was higher or more effective than the control group. Based on preliminary and posttest evidence, Swiss ball-based core stability exercises effectively improve core muscle strength and dynamic balance. The effectiveness of the Swiss ball-based core stability exercise must be accompanied by a pattern of exercise that is in accordance with the muscle group and anatomical adaptation of the exercise according to the athlete's ability.
      PubDate: Aug 2022
       
  • The Quality of Organizational Agility in Crisis Management at the Football
           Association in Jordan: Coaches' Perspective

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  4  Hasan Mohammed Al-Khaldi   The study aims to pinpoint the effectiveness of organizational agility in crisis management at the Jordan Football Association. To achieve the objectives of the study, the descriptive approach is used, and a questionnaire scale is prepared as a measurement instrument. The study population consists of all the (60) male and female football coaches at the Jordan Football Association. After collecting the data and analyzing them statistically using T-test and ANOVA to find out the gender, the academic degree, and experience differences regarding organizational agility in crisis management, the findings indicate that the issue of applying the concept of organizational agility in crisis management in the Association is of a medium degree. The findings also show that there are no statistically significant differences for the variable of gender, experience, and academic degree exception for the dimension of practice agility, and in favor of the higher academic degree. In light of the aforesaid findings, the study recommends developing organizational and educational structures and regulations in a method that reduces bureaucracy, enhancing the independence of the departments and committees working in the Association to exercise speed and flexibility in decision-making, and improving the capabilities of directors of departments and committees in the Football Association in pinpointing and applying the concept of organizational agility and work practice.
      PubDate: Aug 2022
       
  • The Contribution of Leg Muscle Explosive Power, Agility, and
           Self-confidence on Sickle Kick Performance

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  4  Nurul Ihsan   Rony Hidayat   Damrah   Hendri Neldi   Sepriadi   and Muslimin   There are many factors affecting Pencak Silat performance, including physical, mental and kicking technique. Based on the preliminary study, it was found that the sickle kick ability of PSN Badai Kuamang Kuning college athletes was low. Thus, the purpose of this study was to know the effect of leg muscle explosive power, agility and confidence on sickle kick. This research used the quantitative approach (path analysis). There were 30 male athletes aged 15-18 years taken as samples through total sampling technique. There were some instruments to gather the data: vertical jump test to measure the leg muscle explosive power, T-test for agility, a questionnaire for self-confidence and sickle kick test to know sickle kick ability. The results of the study show: 1) The influence of leg muscle explosive power was 40.9%, 2) the direct influence of agility was 36.3%, 3) the direct influence of self-confidence was 33.9%, 4) the indirect effect on leg muscle explosive power through self-confidence was 29.1%, 5) the indirect influence of agility through self-confidence was 17.8%, 6) the simultaneous influence of leg muscle explosive power, agility and confidence on the ability of the sickle kick was 70.2%.
      PubDate: Aug 2022
       
  • Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) Model Learning for Overhead Pass
           Volleyball in Elementary School Students

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  4  Silvi Aryanti   Samsul Azhar   James Tangkudung   Yusmawati   Bogy Restu Ilahi   and Ardo Okilanda   This study aims to determine the expert validation of the research product in the form of a learning model for the basic technique of overhead pass volleyball based on Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) in elementary school students. The research method used is research and development from Borg & Gall. The research product was validated by physical education learning experts and volleyball game material experts. The results of the expert validation of Physical Education and Sports learning for the top pass, namely the feasibility indicator, were obtained at 77.08%. The results of the validity indicator were obtained at 81.25%. The results of the expert validation of the volleyball game indicators in the variation of the TGfU-based learning model for passing over are 81.25%. The results of the ease indicator in the variation of the upper passing learning model obtained 83.33%. The research product on learning to pass over volleyball was validated by motor learning experts; the results obtained were 83.33% of the upper passing safety percentage. The results of the learning model that can improve volleyball passing skills are 79.17%. Based on the validation results that have been obtained, this research implies that the research product in the form of a TGfU-based learning model is suitable for use in passing learning on volleyball for upper-grade elementary school students.
      PubDate: Aug 2022
       
  • Anthropometric and Physiological Characteristics of Collegiate Modern
           Pentathlon Athletes

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  4  Jae-Ryang Yoon   and Gi-Chul Ha   This study aimed to analyze elite modern pentathlon athletes' anthropometric characteristics and present physical characteristics for better performance and investigate the characteristics of cardiorespiratory fitness and exercises to bone health. The subject of this study was 27 male modern pentathlon athletes. The dual-energy X-ray system absorptiometry was used in this study to measure the bone mineral density (BMD) and the bone mineral content (BMC) in the whole body. An automatic metabolic gas analyzer was used for the maximal graded exercise test. BMD differed significantly between the right and left arms and between the right and left parts of the trunk and the total body; however, no significant difference was found in BMD between the right and left legs (P
      PubDate: Aug 2022
       
  • Life Skill Development through Pencak Silat Martial Arts Training: An
           Intentionally Structured Positive Youth Development Program

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  4  Oman Hadiana   Herman Subarjah ‪   Amung Ma'mun   Mulyana   Ricki Yuliardi   and Lutfi Nur ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬   Pencak silat is a contemporary general term used in Indonesia, Malaysia, and other Southeast Asia countries to mention hundreds of traditional and modern martial arts which are performed either by a solo player or a duel, with or without musical background. One type of Pencak Silat in Indonesia is Tapak Suci. This research aimed at investigating the impact of Tapak Suci Training Model with Positive Youth Development based training in developing Life Skills for Athletes. This research was experimental research involving 56 athletes who were divided into two groups, 28 athletes for the experimental group and 28 athletes for the control group. The research instrument used was life skill questionnaires involving 35 questions about emotional skills, goal setting, problem-solving and decision making, leadership, and respect. Data analysis was done descriptively and a t-test was employed to investigate the different impacts between the two groups. The results showed that Tapak Suci Pencak Silat Training Model implemented in the experimental group gave a higher impact on the life skill transfer for athletes compared to the control group. This research concludes that Pencak Silat Tapak Suci Training Model is proved to be an effective effort for life skills transfer among athletes. In addition, the employment of programed exercises is recommended to be implemented for individual life skills transfer.
      PubDate: Aug 2022
       
  • The Development of the Endurance Training Model Based on Technique Drill

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  4  Ridho Bahtra   Aldo Naza Putra   Didin Tohidin   Muhammad Sazeli Rifki   and Windo Wiria Dinata   Low endurance capabilities will make it difficult for players to compete in competitive soccer matches. Therefore, a training model is needed to increase endurance so that players can play optimally and maintain their skills. This research aims to develop an endurance training model based on technique drills. The method used was research and development (R&D), with a total sample of 55 people who were divided into two groups, namely a small group trial and a large group trial. Data collection techniques used in this study were observation and interview. The observation was conducted in the training subject's location, while the interview was conducted with the players and coaches. The data collection instruments in this study were a list of questions and questionnaires. Based on the research steps that had been conducted, an endurance training model based on soccer technique drill with 26 variations of exercises was successfully developed. In addition, from the data analysis that has been done, it can be concluded that the endurance training model based on technique drill is feasible to use, especially for young players (U-18). Young players have emotional characteristics that are still unstable and easily get bored. Therefore, in endurance training which is sometimes very boring, it is necessary to provide a more varied and attractive training model, so that motivation in undergoing the training process is maintained. This training model not only increases endurance but also improves basic soccer technical skills.
      PubDate: Aug 2022
       
  • The Impact of the Difference of Futsal Frequency towards Physical Stress
           in Adolescent

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  4  J. D. K. Negara   S. W. A. Jusman   R. Sekartini   E. I Ilyas   Nuryadi   H. R. D. Ray   and A. Gumilar   Futsal sports have high explosive characteristics with moderate-heavy intensity. The increase of cortisol is a biomarker for high-stress situations desirable throughout futsal—that catabolic hormone secreted in a state of physical or psychological stress. Meanwhile, a person's emotions are harmful, such as stress, anxiety, fear, and frustration. The release of the cortisol hormone can activate the sympathetic nervous system, distinguished by an increase in heart rate, and reduce the ability to think and react. Additionally, it represents a role in decreasing mood and muscle fatigue. This study's persistence was to determine the differences in the frequency of futsal practice on physical stress in adolescents (27 boys). This investigation approach is an experimental study in adolescents (13,63±0,84 years old) who perform futsal sports with different futsal frequency groups for ten weeks, specifically 1-time weekly exercise frequency (F1), 3-times weekly exercise frequency (F3), and 5-times weekly exercise frequency (F5). This research had passed the research ethics review issued. The testing results on F1 found no significant improvement in cortisol (51,21±22,66 vs. 61,02±27,69). In F3, there was no significant increase at the cortisol level (57,71±15,45 vs. 61,82±13,57), and in F5 group, there was a significant increase at the cortisol level (51,02±9,38 vs. 70,33±16,36). Interestingly, only the F5 group showed a significant increase at the cortisol level in this study. Anticipated F5 physically attends to be extremely high in the intensity of futsal exercise and induces fatigue and muscle damage that can stimulate an improvement in the endocrine system, constant with enhancing cortisol levels in the blood. This cortisol release can activate the sympathetic nervous system, characterized by a high pulse rate, but it can reduce the ability to think.
      PubDate: Aug 2022
       
  • The Effect of Endhorpin Massage and Physical Activity on Reducing Back
           Pain Intensity of Pregnant Women

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  4  Maidawilis   Dewi S   Wilda Welis   Alimuddin   and Ahmad Chaeroni   Back pain problems that occur in pregnant women are often the causes of other new problems. Early treatment through endorphin massage and regular physical activity is an alternative solution to deal with this problem. This study aims to determine how the effect of endorphin massage and physical activity is on reducing the intensity of back pain for pregnant women in the working area of the Lubuk Alung Health Center. This study uses a quasi-experimental research design (design type one group pretest-post test) by conducting tests before and after treatment with a research sample of 34 respondents. The data were analyzed using inferential statistics. The researcher used the t statistical technique (t test). The results showed that there was an effect of endorphin message therapy and physical activity on reducing the intensity of back pain in pregnant women in the working area of the Lubuk Alung Health Center, Lubuk Alung Regency. The results of the analysis found Asymp.Sig. (2-tails) is 0.014, z -2.449. This shows that the given intervention (endorphin massage and physical activity) can reduce the level of back pain in pregnant women, and there are differences in the level of pain scale for pre and post tests. Thus, it can be concluded that endorphin massage and physical activity are very effective and efficient, especially in dealing with back pain problems in pregnant women. The application of endorphin massage in collaboration with physical activity is a new thing in the medical and sports world, so it is important to follow up in the future. It is expected that respondents can practice endorphin messages and physical activity to reduce pain scale, especially during pregnancy.
      PubDate: Aug 2022
       
  • Sports Participation and Well-being of Adolescents: Are They Related'

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Alisha Khan   Meenu Dhingra   and N. K. Mungreiphy   Background: Participation in sports helps an individual to achieve recommended levels of daily moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). MVPA plays a vital role in bringing about positive psychological and physiological changes contributing to both physical and emotional well-being. Aims: There is a scarcity of data to understand the role of regular participation in sports in promoting the overall physical activity in Indian adolescents. Our objective was to evaluate the sports participation as a means of enhancing physical and psychological health of children and youth by helping them to achieve daily physical activity requirements. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 509 [n=259, athletic adolescents (AA) and n=250, non-athletic adolescents (NAA)]. Ryff's Psychological well-being questionnaire was used to assess their mental well-being state. Physical well-being VO2max and anthropometric parameters were assessed. Data were analysed using IBM SPSS version 20. Results: In the findings of the study, majority of NAA were found to be practicing low physical activity levels while in contrast, majority of AA were able to achieve moderate to vigorous levels of physical activity. AA were found with significantly better scores for personal growth, positive relations with others, purpose in life, self-acceptance and total psychological well-being. Prevalence of overweight adolescents was higher in NAA than AA, while VO2max of AA was higher than NAA. Conclusion: MVPA is favourably associated with overall well-being of adolescents. Sports participation has a positive impact on both physical and mental health and should be encouraged since childhood years.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • Development of a Sports Performance Metric for the State Universities and
           Colleges in the Philippines

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Marivic D. Paghubasan   Aiming to keep up with the global trends in sports performance brought some challenges among State University and Colleges (SUCs) in Bicol Region. The study is qualitative and quantitative research to develop sports performance metrics for the state universities and colleges in the Philippines. Practices of SUCs in sports development served as a basis to create metrics in measuring SUCs' sports performance in the Bicol Region. The developed metrics were content and face validated by five SUC sports directors, and five professors in sports science. Suggestions from these experts were sought to improve the content and construct of the developed metrics. Fifty respondents pilot-tested the developed metrics of the study and selected sports stakeholders participated in the focus group discussion to discuss their comments and suggestions for the metrics. The development of the metrics was conducted in four phases: selecting possible indicators of the standards; content and construct validation of indicators; try out of the evaluation tool and test of reliability. Results showed that all of the items in the subscales included in the developed standard metrics can be considered good to excellent and can be used to assess the state universities and college's sports performances. The development of the metrics on sports performance may contribute to the total quality management of the educational institution and may provide in promoting healthy and alert citizenry.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • Validity and Reliability of Reactive Agility Measurements of Tennis
           Performance

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Wisnu Nugroho   Tomoliyus   Abdul Alim   Fauzi   and Hari Yuliarto   Reactive agility measurement tool recently has become one of the important issues in the physical training for tennis performance. Therefore, finding a valid and reliable reactive agility measuring instrument for tennis performance is needed. This study aimed to do a validity and reliability test of the reactive agility measuring instrument for tennis performance. This study used a mixed-methods approach. The seven experts participants were determined by the criteria of an evaluation expert and a tennis expert, or both. This study had three stages. The first was document analysis (international journal). It is used to develop a construction design for the reactive tennis agility measuring instrument. The second stage was content validation. The participants were seven experts. Then, the data collection technique used the Delphi technique. The research instrument uses a scale of one to four, namely very relevant, relevant, less relevant, and irrelevant. The data analysis used the Aiken formula for content validity and Reliability Analysis between raters using ICC. The first stage of research results has found the operational definition of reactive agility tennis: the ability to move in seconds after receiving a stimulus. In addition, the "Y" shape construction design of the reactive tennis agility measuring instrument has been arranged. The second stage resulted in the contents validation of a large tennis reactive agility measuring instrument. The third stage found the reliability between raters of a large tennis reactive agility measuring instrument.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • Efficacy of Dual Task Training versus Conventional Therapy on Hand
           Function and Visual Perception Ability in Children with Cerebral Palsy

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Nekar Daekook M   Jae Ho Yu   Hye Yun Kang   Dong Yeop Lee   Ji Heon Hong   and Seong Gil Kim   This pilot study aimed to assess the effect of dual-task training, compared to conventional therapy on the hand functional ability and visual perception in children with cerebral palsy. It was a pretest-posttest control group design, conducted for 4 weeks with ten children ranged between 5-13 years old. Participants were randomly allocated either to the experimental group (dual-task training) or the control group (conventional treatment). The experimental group received the usual physical therapy session and dual-task training sessions 3 sessions/week for 4 weeks. The control group received only the conventional physical therapy 3 sessions/week for 4 weeks. Fine and gross motor hand function were assessed by the Jebsen-Taylor hand function test and the Motor-free Visual Perception Test 3rd edition was used to assess visual perceptual ability before intervention and at 4 weeks after intervention. Only the experimental group showed an improvement in hand function (p0.05). Statistically significant changes were noticed in three of the five subscales of the visual perception in the experimental group (p
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • The Effectiveness of Learning Passing Volleyball for Student on
           Website-Based

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Sumbara Hambali   Achmad Sofyan Hanif   Widiastuti   Firmansyah Dlis   Samsudin   and Akhmad Sobarna   Volleyball is a sport that is quite popular in Indonesia, and this is why this sport is always given at various levels of schools in Indonesia. However, it is still not possible for learning to be carried out directly because the spread of the corona virus in Indonesia is still increasing, requiring learning to be carried out online. The website is one of the media that can be used in volleyball game courses. The question is whether this website is effectively used in volleyball lectures. The purpose of this study was to find out the extent to which the effectiveness of volleyball passing learning using the website was. This study used experimental method, where this experimental method is a research by giving some special treatment to the research subjects used. The one case study has been used in the research. The subjects used in this study were students of physical education, health and recreation STKIP Pasundan with a total of about 120 people. Subjects were given treatment for 8 meetings in accordance with the semester learning plan for the passing technique. The instrument in this study was a test of passing down and up to the wall for 60 seconds. The data analysis technique uses a percentage. The findings showed a rise in students passing learning goals. The results of STKIP Pasundan students' physical education, health, and recreation have improved significantly of the website's material.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • Association between Outcomes of Physical activities and Sports on
           Work-Life Balance of Employees

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Bhanupriya Khatri   Shaina Arora   and Anjali Goyal   The desire to succeed in a rapidly changing work environment is overwhelming. This study aims to emphasize the importance of work-life balance and to examine the relationship between work-life balance and happiness. Focusing on physical activities and workplace health among the various ways for employee health is one way to ensure employee health and productivity. Managing long working hours in personal life increases employee stress. It consists of various fields related to the IT industry, computer, and digital information. IT professionals are the most in-demand members of today's labor market, as the industry's largest companies fight to expand the adoption of digital technologies. Employers are continually striving to ensure that their employees do their jobs in the best possible way without getting tired. Employee Work-Life Balance is measured by the employee's mental and physical investment in the workplace. You are dedicated to your work in terms of time, energy, and level of motivation to work towards achieving organizational success. This paper purposes to measure happiness and employee work-life balance as a measure of physical activity. Smart-PLS 3.2.8 creates a conceptual reflex model using measures of physical activity and happiness and work-life balance as survey components.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • ACSI-28 Indonesian Version Validity and Reliability

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Dzihan Khilmi Ayu Firdausi   Muhammad Eka Mardyansyah Simbolon   Oktarina   Muhammad Rizkan Khadavi   Erick Prayogo Walton   and Widati Amalin Ulfah   The purpose of this study is to see if the ACSI-28 is valid and reliable after being translated and synthesized to fit Indonesian culture and linguistics, so that ACSI-28 can be utilized on athletes in Indonesia. ACSI-28 Indonesian version is adapted from the Athletic Coping Skills Inventory by Smith and colleagues (1995). A Likert scale of 1 to 4 was used to assign the score. The validity and reliability of the Indonesian version of ACSI-28 were tested using 45 participants in this study. Validity data were examined with Peorsen Product Moment, and reliability was assessed with Cronbach Alpha. The validity of each item based on its respective subscales was found to range from 0.46 to 0.83 in the current study. The coping with adversity subscale item's validity value was found to range from 0.59 to 0.75. The coachability subscale item's validity value was found to range from 0.46 to 0.73. The concentration subscale item's validity value was found to range from 0.67 to 0.72. The confidence and achievement motivation subscale item's validity value was found to range from 0.63 to 0.73. The goal setting and mental preparation subscale item's validity value was found to range from 0.62 to 0.77. The peaking under pressure subscale item's validity value was found to range from 0.71 to 0.83. The freedom from worry subscale item's validity value was found to range from 0.67 to 0.77. The Indonesian version of the ACSI-28 reliability test had a reliability rating of 0.845, according to the current study. The findings of this study show that the Indonesian version of ACSI-28 is valid and reliable for usage in measuring an athlete's sports psychological skills in Indonesia.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • Evaluation on the Physical Condition of Football Extracurricular
           Participants before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Andry Akhiruyanto   Taufiq Hidayah   Zainudin Amali   Dewangga Yudhistira   and Aruna Brama Siwi   Background: One of the most popular extracurricular activities at school is football. However, extracurricular activities have been temporarily suspended due to the COVID-19 outbreak, which on the other hand will affect students' physical abilities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the physical condition of students which included speed, endurance, agility, before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. The participants were 15 male students aged 14-15 years with a weight of 51-71± kg and a height of 157-173± cm. Material and method: This study used a quantitative descriptive method with a survey approach. The instruments used include a multistage fitness test, a 30-meter sprint, and a shuttle run. Data were analyzed based on percentage data analysis and the Wilcoxon test. Result: The Wilcoxon test results on the speed test showed sig (2 tailed) 0.826> 0.05, endurance test 0.001 < 0.05, and agility test 0.033> 0.05. If categorized, the overall percentage results on the physical condition of students have not been included in the "good" category. Conclusion: The findings of this study revealed that physical condition tests before and during the COVID-19 pandemic, both fall into the "poor" and "very poor" categories. Furthermore, tests carried out during the COVID-19 pandemic experienced a higher percentage decline compared to tests before the COVID-19 pandemic. The research results obtained can thus be used as material for evaluation and improvement for teachers, coaches, and extracurricular football students, especially training related to improving physical condition so that better results can be obtained in the future.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • Musculoskeletal Asymmetry in Young Soccer Players: Differences between the
           Dominant and Nondominant Leg

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Shuji Taketomi   Kohei Kawaguchi   Yuri Mizutani   Ryota Yamagami   Shin Sameshima   Seira Takei   Tomofumi Kage   Kenichi Kono   Hiroshi Inui   Sayaka Fujiwara   Sakae Tanaka   and Toru Ogata   The purpose of this investigation was to clarify the differences in the musculoskeletal profiles between the dominant leg (DL) and nondominant leg (NDL) of Japanese soccer players. This study included 227 young elite soccer players (121 males and 106 females with mean ages of 19.0 and 17.5 years, respectively). Anthropometric measurements were obtained. In addition, joint range of motion measurements was performed for internal rotation of the hip, ankle dorsiflexion, and knee extension. Muscle flexibility tests were performed on the iliopsoas, quadriceps femoris, hamstring, gastrocnemius, and soleus muscles. Moreover, isometric knee extension, flexion strength, and isometric hip abduction strength were measured. Single-leg balance tests were also performed. As a result, in male soccer players, DL's knee flexor strength and hip abductor strength were significantly stronger than in the NDL. In female soccer players, knee extension and knee flexion strength of the DL were significantly stronger than the NDL. In male soccer players, the hamstring-quadriceps ratio of the DL was significantly greater than NDL. DL demonstrated a significantly lesser center of pressure excursion in the single-leg balance test in male and female soccer players. In both male and female soccer players, the quadriceps muscle of DL was significantly more flexible than those of the NDL. There was no difference in the internal rotation angle of the hip joint between the DL and NDL in male soccer players. In contrast, the internal rotation angle of the DL was significantly (1.6°) greater than NDL in female soccer players. For some anthropometric measurements, muscle flexibility tests and joint range of motion measurements, the difference between the DL and NDL was significant but not large enough to be clinically relevant. In conclusion, the present study showed musculoskeletal asymmetry between the DL and NDL in young male and female soccer players.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • Physical Activity and Game Play Ability in a High School Sport Education
           Basketball Season

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Peter Iserbyt   Toon Dehandschutter   Hilde Leysen   and Joren Loockx   To date, there is limited research investigating physical activity levels during a sport education season in high school physical education settings and how these are affected by ability levels. The aim of this study was to investigate (1) how students' game play in basketball would improve during a sport education season as a function of ability level, and (2) how students' MVPA levels differ as a function of game play ability. One class with 21 high school students (aged 16-18) participated in a 14-day sport education basketball season. Prior to and upon completion of the season, students' 3v3 basketball game play performance was assessed. Three mixed ability teams were composed with an equal gender distribution. The System of Observing Fitness Instruction Time (SOFIT) was used to collect students' MVPA during the season. Repeated measures ANOVA detected a significant improvement in game play ability from 52% (range: 28%-68%) to 84% (range: 60%-100%) for high– as well as low-ability students, p < .001. High-ability students engaged in MVPA for 65% during team practice and 49% during game play. Low-ability students had consistently lower MVPA values than high-ability students (41% vs 55%), p
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • Effects of Aging on Cardiac Autonomic Response during Resistance Exercise
           at Critical Load

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Viviane Castello-Simões   Audrey Borghi-Silva   Mariana Pires Carvalho   Clara Italiano Monteiro   Paula Angélica Ricci   Flávia Cristina Rossi Caruso   Rodrigo Polaquini Simões   and Renata Gonçalves Mendes   Background: Critical load (CL) indicates the transition from moderate dynamic exercise to intense exercise and can be useful as a parameter of exercise intolerance during resistance exercise. In this sense, this study aimed to assess and contrast the cardiac autonomic response by heart rate variability during resistance exercise at CL in elderly and young individuals. Methods: Twenty apparently healthy active men, were allocated into young group (n=10) and elderly group (n=10), who underwent: 1) one repetition maximum (1RM) test on the Leg Press at 45º; 2) constant load exercise tests (70%, 80% and 90% of 1RM and intermediate load) in order to calculate the CL; and 3) CL assessment with record of heart rate (HR) and R-R intervals (R-Ri) to heart rate variability assessment. Results: During CL, the elderly presented lower value of mean HR in relation to young group (p
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • A Flipped Learning Model in a College Physical Education Dance Course: A
           Non-experimental Design

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Heildenberg C. Dimarucot   Teaching Physical Education has been plagued with issues on limited class time, gap between concept and practice, and use of traditional assessment methods. Thus, this study implemented flipped learning (FL), specifically the SPRING framework in a college dance course, to address these problems through the promotion of more student agency, in-depth learning, and enhancement of 21st century skills. Since there is a dearth of FL studies that focus on a PE context in the country, this study then sheds light on whether flipped learning model can help improve the conceptual understanding and procedural fluency of the students in a dance course. Using statistical treatment, this study examined (1) the conceptual understanding and procedural fluency of the students through the results of the practical tests done before the major exams and the actual major exams, (2) the proportion of the students with improved performance scores, (3) the significant difference of the mean performance scores before and after the intervention, as well as (4) the difference between the male and female students' scores in both assessments. The results revealed that though the pilot implementation of FL in the PE course in the university yielded generally positive outcomes, some obstacles need to be addressed like technological and logistical limitations due to the sudden shift to remote learning during the pandemic, lack of readiness of the students to regulate their own learning and exhibit other relevant 21st century skills under pressure and uncertain times, and gap between the male and female students performance due to possible latent gender issues in dance education that restrict students' creativity. Thus, the institution needs to provide even more technological, communication, and psychological support for the students to perform better and with more ease whether in a purely online or blended FL environment. More discussions and activities on gender inclusivity in dance classes are also advised to further break barriers against students' artistic freedom and imagination.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • Development of Early Childhood Skills by Guiding Tests in Sports Rhythmic
           Gymnastics

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Endang Murti Sulistiyowati   Wawan Sundawan Suherman   Endang Rini Sukamti   Ilham   Fajar Sriwahyuniati   Ratna Budiarti   and Nuridin Widya Pranoto   When compared to the previous youths, especially before the pandemic, younger generations have become sedentary globally. However, the truth is physical activity positively contributes to human growth and development by causing both physiological and psychological benefits. In the wake of revitalizing such benefits, this current study aimed to develop a guidebook containing physical activity tests that should be implemented in primary schools for early childhood through rhythmic gymnastic sport. This study was the Research and Development alias R & D with 106 and 37 subjects on a large and small scale respectively. Whilst collecting data, instruments such as questionnaires for expert's judgment, anthropometric and bio-motor tests were employed, and norm tests and skills tests as well. Data were analyzed using qualitative and quantitative approaches based on mean, standard deviation, percentages. After addressing all data, especially going through all R&D steps, it was revealed that the material expert assessment test results obtained a value of over 80%, likewise for the media assessment test. The results of both small- and large-scale testing showed that most experts indeed stated that the development of the current guidebook was in the category of very good to enhance skills accrual in early childhood growth. Therefore, we conclude that the guidebook, VCD, and tests developed are practical, practicable, and suitable for early childhood.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • Evaluating Community-Based Physical Fitness Programs: A Decision-Focused
           Approach

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Jennifer Taylan-De Jesus   Compelling evidence supports that Community-based Physical Fitness Programs (CPFP) can improve physical fitness and health. However, a central issue in CPFP is the lack of evaluation data from participating communities. The study aimed to evaluate the CPFP of three local communities using Context, Input, Process, Product (CIPP) model. Using a validated tool with a 4.81 mean (SD=0.38) and substantially agreed by three (3) experts (k=0.76), evaluation data were obtained from community members (n=117). This research primarily employed descriptive and correlation analyses to determine the relationships among CIPP elements and demographic profiles of one highly rated CPFP. 117 community members (28% male; 72% female) were evaluated the CPFP of 3 local communities. The context evaluation results showed that only SJC CPFP had a relatively high result with a mean of 4.29 (85.8%). For input evaluation, SJC still had the highest mean of 4.23 (84.6%), as compared to SCM 3.93 (78.6%) and PC 3.67 (73.4%). SJC remained at the top in the process evaluation, with the highest mean of 4.30 (86%). While on product evaluation, all communities had close mean scores of 4.4 (88%) SJC, 3.9 (78%) SCM, and 4.1 (82%) PC. Correlations among data revealed that SJC context and input evaluation results had a significant relationship with sex and age. There was meager participation of males compared to females and even young members compared to older members. While CPFP among communities received good evaluation results, there is still a need to reinforce the program due to lack of pre-implementation assessment and integration of vision-mission, goals, and objectives (context). There should also be a re-structuring of precise action plans (input), a variety of activities (process), and consistent program outcomes evaluation (product). Lastly, the correlated evaluation data suggested the need for a more personalized, gender-sensitive, and age-friendly CPFP. This study provides CPFP administrators with comprehensive data that can assist them in making sound decisions for program improvement.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • The Effect of the Music Tempo on the Recovery of Cardiopulmonary Function
           after Aerobic Exercise Based on Personal Health Record

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Su Hyeon Shin   Yu Na Ji   Jae Ho Yu   Hye Yun Kang   Dong Yeop Lee   Ji Heon Hong   Seong Gil Kim   and Jin Seop Kim   The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of different types of music tempo (No Music, 70 BPM, 120 BPM, 180 BPM) on recovery of cardiopulmonary function after an aerobic exercise, identify the effective tempo (BPM) with the highest recovery rate, and propose an effective method for recovery after exercise. A total of ten (10) healthy recreational men participated in this crossover repeated study. Heart rate (HR), oxygen saturation (SPO2), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), respiratory rate (RR), VO2, and VCO2 were measured at four (4) different time periods (immediately after exercise, 2 minutes, 4 minutes, and 6 minutes) for each of the four (4) types of music tempo on separate days. As a result, all the outcome variables showed significant differences for all types of music tempo over the time measured (p.05). The comparison between the four music tempos showed no significant difference of HR and SBP at 6 minutes after exercise, RR at 2 minutes, and 6 minutes after exercise (p.05). No Music showed the fastest recovery rate of HR, SBP, DBP, and RR and 70BPM showed the fastest recovery rate of VO2 and VCO2. Therefore, for efficient cardiopulmonary function recovery after an aerobic exercise, listening to slow music at 70 bpm or taking a break without music can be suggested as an effective method for recovery.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • The Effect of Selected Kinematic Variables on the Accuracy of Topspin
           Forehand among Table Tennis Players

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Ibtehal M. Alkhawaldeh   This study aimed to identify the effect of selected kinematic variables on the accuracy of the topspin forehand among table tennis players. The study sample consisted of (8) male players who play in the Jordanian First Division Table Tennis League; (age= 23.74 ± 1.72 years, mass=71.22 ± 11.21 kg, height=1.74 ± 0.10 m). The study used A (Canon EOS 80D) camera, which has a speed of (500) images per second, and Kinovea (0.8.15) program was used to analyze the movements. The shooting accuracy test was also used to reach the accuracy of Forehand Topspin shooting. The results of the statistical analysis confirmed the acceptance of the main hypothesis of the study, which states that there is a statistically significant impact of the selected kinematic variables on the accuracy of the topspin forehand at (α≤0.05). The results also showed the acceptance of three sub-hypotheses, which state that there is a statistically significant impact at (α≤0.05) of shoulder's angular velocity, wrist angle and racket's horizontal velocity on the accuracy of the topspin forehand. In light of the results, the study recommended the necessity of urging table tennis coaches in the Jordanian league to develop an appropriate mechanical kinematic model for each player when performing the skill of the forehand topspin.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • The Implementation of CIPP Model Evaluation at East Java Women Volleyball
           Team during the Preparation for Indonesia Olympic Games (PON) XX

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Taufiq Hidayat   Hari Setijono   Nining Widyah Kusnanik   Nurhasan   Muchamad Arif Al Ardha   and Chung Bing Yang   This research aimed to evaluate the training camp process of the East Java women's volleyball team in the Indonesia Olympic Games (PON) XX during Covid-19 Pandemic. This research was an evaluation study of the CIPP model with a mixed-method design. Two coaches and 15 women volleyball athletes were selected as research samples by purposive sampling method. The data were collected by questionnaire, observation, document analysis, and semi-structured interview techniques. Triangulation data and thematic coding methods were implemented to analyze the data. The results showed that the government supported the training process very well in the context dimension. The input dimensions were human resources, the availability of training programs, training facilities, and infrastructure was also in the excellent category. There was an excellent result on process dimensions. In the product dimension, most athletes have met the target of the training program. In conclusion, most of the dimensions are in a good category. In addition, the implementation of volleyball training in the covid-19 pandemic developed a good response and connection among athletes and coaches. Meanwhile, the negative values which occurred due to the limitation during the implementation of volleyball training in the covid-19 pandemic were boredom, unmotivated, and other psychological problems. Furthermore, limited training variations could be implemented, and game simulations were eliminated during the covid-19 pandemic.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • The Effect of Training Methods and Explosion of Limb Muscles on Pencak
           Silat Kicking Skills

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Ridwan Sudirman   Moch. Asmawi   Achmad Sofyan Hanif   Ucok Hasian Refiater   Taufik Hidayat Suharto   Dedi Aryadi   and Ayi Rahmat   The purpose of this study was to determine the best training method between plyometrics, circuit training methods, and continuous training methods, which had more effect on improving the results of Pencak Silat kick skills training. The method used in this study is an experimental method (comparative quantitative) with a 3 x 2 factorial design. The number of samples in this study was 56 students of the Health Sports Education Study Program of STKIP Setia Budhi Rangkasbitung in the Pencak Silat course, with a generalization level of students and athletes who have the same population characteristics and attributes. The summary of the results of the calculation analysis (ANOVA) on the variation of the average row, the significance level = 0.05 obtained Fo = 15.49 and Ft(1.54) = 4.02, thus Fo> Ft so that Ho is rejected. In the column mean variation, the significant level value = 0.05 obtained Fo = 8.97 and Ft(2.54) = 3.17, thus Fo> Ft so that Ho is rejected. In the interaction variation, the significant level value = 0.05 obtained Fo = 57.39 and Ft(2.54) = 3.17, thus Fo> Ft so that Ho is rejected. It was concluded that (1) overall there was a significant difference in the effect of training methods and high and low leg muscle explosive power on pencak silat kick skills. (2) there are differences in the average results for the three training methods. (3) there is an interaction between the explosive power of the leg muscles and the training method on the results of pencak silat kick skills.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • How Physical Education through TikTok Makes a Difference: The Use of
           TikTok to Promote Learning Activities

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Eka Fitri Novita Sari   Nofi Marlina Siregar   Sukiri   Rekha Ratri Julianti   and Ayatullah Muhammad Resza   The rapid development of advanced learning technology requires teachers to make various innovations in the learning activities. The use of social media-based technology is one of the alternatives. This study aimed to investigate the Physical Education teacher's perspectives on using TikTok social media in the learning activities. The study was conducted through a survey method of 125 physical education teachers in Jakarta, Bogor, Tangerang, and Bekasi (Jabotabek), Indonesia. The study findings showed that 45.6% of physical education teachers used TikTok social media accounts; 44.5% stated that the TikTok application could be used in teaching and learning activities; 45.8% emphasized that the TikTok application attracts students' attention; 53.6% affirmed that the TikTok application is more user-friendly compared to other social media applications; 49.2% answered that teaching material was provided using the TikTok application; only 37.8% showed that the lack of existing features was the reason respondents did not use the TikTok application, and 50.2% had used the TikTok application for rhythmic gymnastics activities. According to the study results, it can be concluded that physical education teachers have used TikTok social media in learning activities but they are still limited to rhythmic gymnastics activities. It is recommended that physical education teachers develop other teaching materials for different sports units, not only limited to rhythmic gymnastics activities, so that students can explore their learning activities more diversely.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • Measurement of Anthropometry, Biomotor and Fundamental Skills for
           Identification of Future Athletes' Talents at the Age of 11-15 Years

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Herman Chaniago   This study aims to identify the talents of prospective athletes aged 11-15 years through anthropometric, fundamental skills, and biomotor. Researchers conducted an assessment of these three factors to decide whether the candidate was a gifted athlete. The method used is survey and percentage analysis. The participants who took part in this study were 408 (242 males and 166 females) aged 11-15 years. The results of the assessment from the city of Salatiga showed that there were no very talented participants, 2% of participants were declared talented, 12% quite talented, 44% less talented, and 42% not talented. The percentage analysis showed that there were no very talented participants; less than 1% were talented; 3% were moderately talented; 22% were less talented, and 75% were not talented. There is a difference in catch indicators for male and female participants with a percentage of 30.11%. Talent identification that can be decided in this study, based on the results of anthropometry, fundamental skills, and biomotor measurements is in the javelin throw, sprint 100 meters, 200 meters and long jump. The results of this study conclude that the assessment of anthropometry, fundamental skills, and bimotor can be used to identify the talent of athletes at a young age. It could be concluded that biomotor and anthropometry aspects are more dominantly used to identify athletes but need to be added to other skills performance assessments to support this decision. Future research should focus on identifying the determinants of talent and developing assessment instruments.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • Plyometric Standing Jumps and Box Drills to Improve Momtong Dollyo Chagi
           Kick in Junior Taekwondo Athletes

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Evi Susianti   Johansyah Lubis   Junaidi Hamid   Santoso   Astri Ayu Irawan   and Yafi Velyan Mahyudi   This study aims to determine the effect of plyometric and flexibility training methods to improve the momtong dollyo chagi kick technique in taekwondo athletes. The effect of training programs that combine physical conditions specifically has no results stating that they are interrelated to improve taekwondo kick techniques. The research method used is experimental treatment by level 2 x 2. The results of this study: firstly, there are differences in the leg power of momtong dollyo chagi kicks for taekwondo athletes in the plyometric standing jump and box drill training methods with the results Fo (A) = 12,111> F-table 4,11. Interaction Fo (AB) = 14,044> F-table = 4,11 with the percentage effect of plyometric and flexibility exercises of 33.83%. Plyometric standing jump exercise is better for increasing leg power of momtong dollyo chagi kick than box drill exercise for athletes who have high flexibility with t0 16,496>ttable(0,05:10) 1,688. Box drill exercises are better for increasing the leg power of momtong dollyo chagi kicks than standing jump plyometric exercises for athletes who have low flexibility with a value of t0 2,455> ttable(0,05:10) 1,688. Thus, it can be concluded that both standing jump plyometric exercises and box drill combined with flexibility can have the effect of increasing leg power, so that the trainer can choose a power and strength training program through plyometric training to prepare for the competition.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • University Students' Daily Activities and Physical Fitness during COVID-19
           Pandemic

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Nur Syahadati Retno Panenggak   Nurhasan   Muchamad Arif Al Ardha   Panji Bana   Kolektus Oky Ristanto   Ainun Zulfikar Rizki   Rizki Satrio Utomo   Chung Bing Yang   and Wei Jhe Lin   This study aims to evaluate university students' daily activities and the effect of physical activity on physical fitness, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. This research used comparative and correlational research methods. Thirty research samples consisted of 13 junior year university students and 17 senior year university students were selected by the purposive sampling method. Every student was monitored for their daily activities for one week and categorized into sports, college, organization, and other activities. Physical fitness was measured using the MFT test to measure the VO2Max in ml/kg/min units. The data analysis results showed no significant difference between junior and senior semester students in VO2Max, physical exercise, organizational activities, lecture activities, sleeping, and other activities. There was a significant difference in VO2Max and physical exercises (sig < 0.05) between genders. Male students spent more time exercising (17.87 ± 11.1) than female students (10.80 ± 6.04). Furthermore, male students had a higher average VO2Max (42.38 ± 7.53) than female students (29.36 ± 6.07). Based on the regression analysis results, there is a significant value between physical exercises and sleeping toward VO2Max capacity (sig. < 0.05).
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • Study on the Efficiency of Data Collection, Organization and Feedback
           Methods for Triathlon Races

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Yuto Inai   Satoshi Oikawa   and Takao Akama   Considering the problems of data handling methods in the sports field, the use of smartphones, free tools, going online with the COVID-19 disaster, reducing the workload of data managers, creating graphs automatically, and building a system that can provide immediate feedback are considered to be useful. This study aims to improve data handling at sporting events by examining methods of enhancing data provision efficiency, such as collecting the athletes' physical condition and weather data, for the athletes, coach, and trainer. The data were collected using Google Forms and Google Sheets, and the study considered the problems associated with the data handling process. A questionnaire-based survey regarding data handling was conducted among seven athletes, one coach, and one trainer from a local triathlon team. The questions included collecting information on whether the (1) participants had viewed the Google Sheets, (2) data were useful for the race, (3) Google Sheets were easy to view, and (4) participants had any requests. In addition, eight university students were targeted as simulations for data organization. The results indicated that the use of Google Forms and Google Sheets was more efficient than the traditional paper-based method. In conclusion, this method is useful in collecting, organizing, and providing data at sporting events. The results of this study may lead to improvements in the way data are used in sports. In the future, it may be necessary to fine-tune the system to meet the needs of individual users.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • Correlation between Deep Cervical Muscle Endurance, Cervical
           Proprioception, and Chronic Neck Pain: A Cross-Sectional Analysis Study

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Shwe Yee Wint   and Ashira Hiruntrakul   The main aim of the study was to investigate the relationship among deep cervical muscle endurance, cervical proprioception, and chronic neck pain (CNP). Subjects with CNP (n=47) aged 20 to 45 years were recruited to the study. Cervical joint position sense error (JPSE), deep cervical flexor and extensor endurance, pain intensity and neck pain associated disability were investigated by using common clinical tests. The correlations between measured variables were assessed by Spearman correlation coefficients. Only extension cervical JPSE component showed significant fair correlation with pain (σ = 0.30, p = 0.040) and disability (σ = 0.39, p = 0.006). Both the cervical flexor and extensor muscle endurance were found to have no relationship with both pain and disability. There was no association between deep cervical muscle endurance and the cervical JPSE. But a significant fair correlation was noted between the cervical flexor and extensor muscle endurance capacity (σ = 0.38, p = 0.008). Deep cervical muscle endurance and cervical proprioception were weakly associated with CNP. Chronic neck pain might not influence neck muscle endurance and cervical proprioception. Muscle endurance capacity and proprioceptive functioning also seem to be irrelevant to each other in people with CNP.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
  • The Effect of Physical Activity Programs and School Environments on
           Movement Activities and Mental Health

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2022
      Source:International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences  Volume  10  Number  2  Ahmad Chaeroni   Anton Komaini   Nuridin Widya Pranoto   and Despita Antoni   The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the physical activity program in the two groups of Physical Education and Physical Education + Out of School Hours Activity (OSHA) on movement activities and students' mental health based on the school environment where they studied. A total of 113 (57 students in a large school environment and 56 students in a narrow school environment) aged 16-19 years were involved in this study. Collecting data is to determine movement activities using the Barrow Motor Ability Test (BMT) and filling out a mental health questionnaire. The physical activity program was carried out for 12 weeks with a number of meetings once per week from each treatment group and for an additional Out of School Hours Activity program three times a week. The data were analyzed using the Kruskal Wallis test technique at a significance level of = 0.05. The results show that: 1) There is a difference in the effect of physical activity programs on Physical Education and Physical Education + OSHA on movement activities and mental health of students in a large school environment; 2) There are differences in the effect of physical activity programs on Physical Education and Physical Education + OSHA on movement activities and mental health of students in a narrow school environment. Thus, the physical activity program has an influence on movement activities and mental health even though in a large school environment, which is better than in a narrow school environment.
      PubDate: Apr 2022
       
 
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