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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 216 journals)
Showing 1 - 3 of 3 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Facultatis Educationis Physicae Universitatis Comenianae     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Periodica Duellatorum     Open Access  
ACTIVE : Journal of Physical Education, Sport, Health and Recreation     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Advances in Physical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ágora para la Educación Física y el Deporte     Open Access  
Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
Annals of Applied Sport Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Exercise in Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arena-Journal of Physical Activities     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arquivos de Ciências do Esporte     Open Access  
Arquivos em Movimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arrancada     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Athletic Training & Sports Health Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Australian and New Zealand Sports Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Berkeley Journal of Entertainment and Sports Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical Human Kinetics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Cerdas Sifa Pendidikan : Sport Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Citius, Altius, Fortius     Open Access  
Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Coaching Psykologi : The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
College Athletics and The Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communication & Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Comparative Exercise Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Conexões     Open Access  
Corpoconsciência     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cultura, Ciencia y Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Curriculum Studies in Health and Physical Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
E-balonmano.com: Revista de Ciencias del Deporte     Open Access  
Educación Física y Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Educación física y deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
eJRIEPS : Ejournal de la recherche sur l'intervention en éducation physique et sport     Open Access  
European Journal for Sport and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Sport Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Physical Education and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
FairPlay, Revista de Filosofia, Ética y Derecho del Deporte     Open Access  
Footwear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Forum for Idræt, Historie og Samfund     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Sports and Active Living     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fruits     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Gambling Research: Journal of the National Association for Gambling Studies (Australia)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Gelanggang Pendidikan Jasmani Indonesia     Open Access  
German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research : Sportwissenschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
GISAP : Culturology, Sports and Art History     Open Access  
Gymnasium : Revista de Educação Física, Desporto e Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Human Movement     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
İnönü Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
International Journal of Computer Science in Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Exercise Science     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of Golf Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Kinesiology and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Recreation and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Science Culture and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
International Journal of Sport Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Sport Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Sport, Exercise & Training Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
International Journal of the History of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Review for the Sociology of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Sport Coaching Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Sports Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Isokinetics and Exercise Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Jeffrey S. Moorad Sports Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jendela Olahraga     Open Access  
Journal for the Measurement of Physical Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Amateur Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Sport Management: Research that Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Athlete Development and Experience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Athletic Enhancement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Athletic Training     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Caffeine Research: The International Multidisciplinary Journal of Caffeine Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Global Sport Management     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Human Kinetics     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Human Sport and Exercise     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Intercollegiate Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Motor Learning and Development     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62)
Journal of Physical Activity Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Physical Education and Human Movement     Open Access  
Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physical Education and Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Physical Education and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Physical Education Health and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Science and Cycling     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Science in Sport and Exercise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Sport & Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Sport and Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Sport History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Sport Psychology in Action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Sport Sciences and Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Sports Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sports Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences : Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sports Medicine and Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of the Philosophy of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Juara : Jurnal Olahraga     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Abdimas     Open Access  
Jurnal Keolahragaan     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Kesehatan Rekreasi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Sport Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kerbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kinesiology : International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Kinesiology     Open Access  
Kinesiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Managing Sport and Leisure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Marquette Sports Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Martial Arts Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Materiales para la historia del deporte     Open Access  
mensch & pferd international     Full-text available via subscription  
MHSalud : Movimiento Humano y Salud     Open Access  
New Approaches in Sport Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
New Zealand Physical Educator     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
NINE : A Journal of Baseball History and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Open Sports Sciences Journal     Open Access  
Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Pace Intellectual Property, Sports & Entertainment Law Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
PALAESTRA : Adapted Sport, Physical Education, and Recreational Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Pamukkale Journal of Sport Sciences     Open Access  
Perceptual and Motor Skills     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Physical Education and Sport Through the Centuries     Open Access  
Physical Education of Students     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Physician and Sportsmedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Podium Sport, Leisure and Tourism Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part P: Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Qualitative Research in Sport and Exercise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Quality in Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Quest     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
RBFF - Revista Brasileira de Futsal e Futebol     Open Access  
RBNE - Revista Brasileira de Nutrição Esportiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research on ٍEducational Sport     Open Access  
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport     Hybrid Journal  
Retos : Nuevas Tendencias en Educación Física, Deportes y Recreación     Open Access  
Revista Andaluza de Medicina del Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Brasileira de Ciências do Esporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Brasileira do Esporte Coletivo     Open Access  
Revista da Educação Física : UEM     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas     Open Access  
Revista de Psicología del Deporte     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Psicología del Ejercicio y el Deporte     Open Access  
Revista Intercontinental de Gestão Desportiva     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte : International Journal of Medicine and Science of Physical Activity and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Science & Motricité     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Science and Medicine in Football     Hybrid Journal  
Seton Hall Journal of Sports and Entertainment Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
SIPATAHOENAN : South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education     Open Access  
Soccer & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Sociology of Sport Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Spor Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi     Open Access  
Spor Bilimleri Dergisi / Hacettepe Journal of Sport Sciences     Open Access  
Spor Eğitim Dergisi     Open Access  
Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi / Ondokuz Mayıs University Journal of Sports and Performance Researches     Open Access  
Sport and Art     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sport and Fitness Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Sport Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Sport History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sport i Turystyka : Środkowoeuropejskie Czasopismo Naukowe     Open Access  
Sport in History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sport Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Sport Management Education Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sport Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Sport Sciences     Open Access  
SPORT TK-Revista EuroAmericana de Ciencias del Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sport und Gesellschaft. Zeitschrift für Sportsoziologie, Sportphilosophie, Sportökonomie, Sportgeschichte     Hybrid Journal  
Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Sport- und Präventivmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sportif Bakış : Spor ve Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sporting Traditions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sportis. Scientific Journal of School Sport, Physical Education and Psychomotricity     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
SPORTIVE : Journal Of Physical Education, Sport and Recreation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sportphysio     Hybrid Journal  
Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sports Coaching Review     Hybrid Journal  

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Journal Cover
Pace Intellectual Property, Sports & Entertainment Law Forum
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2329-9894
Published by Pace University Homepage  [5 journals]
  • The Problem of Modern Monetization of Memes: How Copyright Law Can Give
           Protection to Meme Creators

    • Authors: Mark Marciszewski
      Abstract: Some legal questions answered in this article on the horizon for the courts and lawyers is how should courts apply copyright law to popular media made by small scale creators and shared on the internet, otherwise known as "memes."Part II of this article will focus on validity of potential copyright protection in internet memes. It will start by describing the increased monetization surrounding memes and how this monetization calls for greater interest for meme creators to protect their work. It will then describe the merits of individual copyright interests in internet memes.Part III of this article will focus on how memes have existed without copyright lawsuits from content creators: principally, that internet memes constitute fair use. This section will use an example meme to weigh all four statutory factors of fair use to support the argument that internet memes are highly transformative and do not impact the market of the original copyrighted work.Part IV of this article will outline how public policy favors copyright protection of memes since copyright protection would not stifle creativity or new meme creations. First, copyright protection of memes would not disrupt the current “meme culture” of sharing memes because social media platforms, the major platform and vehicle for meme creation and sharing, have negated many copyright concerns through their terms of use policies. Next, it will explain how the Digital Media Copyright Act’s safe harbor rule protects social media platforms from being secondarily liable for potential copyright infringements involving meme appropriation. Finally, it will explain how other aspects of copyright law, like independent creation, the idea/expression dichotomy, and the fair use doctrine, will prevent meme creators from “weaponizing” their copyright interests in their memes.
      PubDate: Wed, 17 Jun 2020 14:16:20 PDT
  • America's Newest Boogeyman for Deviant Teen Behavior: Violent Video
           Games and the First Amendment

    • Authors: Joseph C. Alfe et al.
      Abstract: Are violent video games harming America’s youth' Is it possible a series of interconnected circuit boards can influence children (or even adults) to become, themselves, violent' If so, how should our society-- and government-- respond'To properly answer this last query, violent video games must be viewed through the lens of the First Amendment. Simply put: do games depicting grotesque acts of depravity so profound as to negatively influence the psyche warrant the full constitutional protections ordinarily guaranteed under the mantle of free speech and expression' Are these guarantees without limit' If not, how far may the government go in regulating the content or restricting the availability of these games'This paper first examines the history of video game development and its economic significance. Next, similar “societal boogeymen” are examined, compared, and contrasted to video games. Their impact on society and law is also examined. What, if any, First Amendment protections this class of video games should receive as well as possible regulatory schemes and limitations are then examined. Finally, after weighing public policy interests, a new regulatory framework is proposed.
      PubDate: Wed, 17 Jun 2020 14:16:15 PDT
  • Weird Science! It’s My Creation . . . Is It Really' Or: Crafting a
           New Universal Trademark Standard for User-Created Avatars

    • Authors: Ryan Esparza
      Abstract: In modern trademark law the process of registering a valid trademark is straightforward. In the United States the Lanham Act is the ruling law of trademark law. The Lanham Act grants protection to the owner of a registered mark which is distinctive and used in commerce. Assuming all the requirements are met, the owner of a mark can use the mark within its discretion and enjoy the protection under the Lanham Act. As trademark law has continued to evolve, the law has expanded to protect previously unforeseen categories. The two most obvious examples which demonstrate the evolution of protection under trademark law are trade dress and antidilution protection.These two areas demonstrate trademark law’s ability to evolve to address areas not recognized through established law. Nowhere is an adaptation of trademark law required more than in user-created avatars. The emergence of user-created content has begun to become a common occurrence within the areas of electronic media. Video games can currently give players a blank slate upon which they can build their own creation. Issues however arise when there are inquiries into who legitimately owns theses creations and what protections they are afforded.
      PubDate: Wed, 17 Jan 2018 14:36:35 PST
  • Fair Use and First Amendment: Without Fair Use, What Would You Freely
           Speak About'

    • Authors: Adam Blaier
      Abstract: The question this paper tries to answer is: Without fair use, what would you freely speak about' This paper will seek to demonstrate that the Copyright Clause’s Fair Use doctrine, and the First Amendment are cousins who help each other, rather than enemies sworn to destroy each other as some believe. First I will give a brief overview and history of each doctrine. Next I will speak about three areas where I believe fair use and the First Amendment cross paths extensively. These areas are: (1) school/education; (2) social media and news; and (3) sports images/broadcasting. Finally, I will demonstrate how fair use is as important if not more important than the First Amendment for these categories that I have listed.
      PubDate: Wed, 17 Jan 2018 14:36:32 PST
  • With Major Professional Sports Franchises on Their Way into Las Vegas, the
           Problems with the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA)
           Need to be Addressed

    • Authors: Anthony J. Sanfratello
      Abstract: This note will set out to prove why PASPA is no longer effective and why reform is needed. With the state of New Jersey leading the fight, change is on the horizon. First, the history of gambling laws in the United States will be covered. Next, the legal and other supplemental arguments for and against PASPA will be discussed. Additionally, the pivotal role that each major professional sports league plays in the arguments for and against reform, with specific focus on professional teams moving to Las Vegas, will be examined. Lastly, the current state of gambling laws in this country will be addressed and suggestions and predictions will be introduced.
      PubDate: Wed, 17 Jan 2018 14:36:29 PST
  • Fourth & Inches: Marking the Line of Athletes’ Free Speech (A Colin
           Kaepernick Inspired Discussion)

    • Authors: Ryan J. McGinty
      Abstract: This note addresses the ongoing controversial stance that was ignited when Colin Kaepernick refused to stand for the playing of the national anthem in protest of what he deems are wrongdoings against African Americans and minorities in the United States. The scope of this note does not surround Kaepernick himself, but rather the professional NFL football player in general. Specifically, players are entitled to the full rights of free expression and free speech as human beings and public figures, up and until the line where that right is abused on the field or “on the job,” thereby threatening an increase of injury to the NFL, team owners, and the public interest. With anti-American sentiment growing and only 52% of Americans that are “extremely proud” of their country, it is time to start coming together and it is time to appropriately mark that line aforementioned. Professional football players should have a heightened threshold of professional responsibilities that coincide with their elevated status on the field when performing in uniform, and in their professional setting. Through exploring an athlete’s freedoms of speech and expression under the Constitution and the National Labor Relations Act while simultaneously navigating through the world of player contracts and working conditions under the NFL Collective Bargaining Agreement, this note will portray a potential solution to the growing issue at hand that when multiplied can devastate the mission of the NFL, and effectually change how our nation’s youth perceive this great country.Part II will lay the foundation of this analysis; by first giving the reader an inside look into the NFL’s corporate structure and the interrelations between the NFL League Office, NFL Executive Committee, and team owners. Then I will discuss the NFLPA, the power of unions, and the role of the NFLPA in collective bargaining for the interests of the NFL players. This section will also note the relevant sections of the current 2011 NFL CBA which governs the league. Part III will illustrate a successfully executed demonstration of free speech on the professional sports stage and then introduce the reader to the Kaepernick Stance and its continued effect on our society and popular culture during a major transition of government policy. Here, the facts surrounding the issue will be put on display in a time-line fashion along with notable reactions allowing for the reader to make an independent judgment call for or against the stance and manner at which it has been presented. Furthermore, insight into the impact of social media on political protesting will reveal why the Kaepernick Stance has grown so fast, so quick. Part IV will take the reader back in time and discuss the origins of the National Anthem as well as the right of free expression under the First and Fourteenth Amendment and its continued evolution in terms of its interpretation. Finally Part V will conclude this note with an argument and a proposed solution.
      PubDate: Wed, 17 Jan 2018 14:36:26 PST
  • Mechanical Timepieces & Intellectual Property Protection

    • Authors: Nicholas Douglas
      Abstract: This article is meant to give you a basic understanding of mechanical timepieces—not just what they are, but how they are different from one another and why that difference is significant. Watches themselves do not need an introduction; they are ubiquitous and have withstood the peaks and troughs of social inequality and have persisted as a commonality between the rich, the poor and the middleclass since the beginning of their mass production in the 19th century. I focus here on the history of watches within the United States because, ultimately, this is a discussion of their legal protection under United States intellectual property law and not a full history lesson on horology. If you would like to establish a foundation of knowledge for the intellectual property which this article discusses, I suggest first reading of the achievements of individuals such as Christiaan Huygens, Peter Henlein, Patek Philippe and Louis Cartier. This article will focus on two areas of intellectual property, patents and trademarks, and their application to mechanical timepieces.
      PubDate: Wed, 17 Jan 2018 14:36:23 PST
  • The Justice of Unequal Pay in the UFC: An In-Depth Analysis of the
           Fighters’ Antitrust Class Action Lawsuit Against the UFC and the
           Misplaced Support of the Proposed Muhammad Ali Expansion Act

    • Authors: Hunter Sundberg
      Abstract: In 2016, the Ultimate Fighting Championships (“UFC”) set the record for the largest sale in sports history. The UFC, the primary promotion company of the once fringe sport of mixed martial arts (“MMA”) had matured into a mammoth 4 billion dollar promotion, but not without some growing pains. The league is replete with controversy, mostly dealing with disgruntled athletes over compensation. Athletes of the UFC feel that they are being financially exploited and they may be correct. The athletes are choosing different routes to remedy their pay disparities but they are misguided.The first course of action chosen by the fighters is litigation, as a group of former UFC fighters have filed a class action antitrust suit against the UFC. Fighters are also lobbying for legislation in an attempt to expand the Muhammad Ali Act to regulate MMA as another method of resolution. While both will ultimately fail to appease the aggrieved athletes, the process may injure the UFC brand, something fighters may want to avoid. By reviewing similar antitrust disputes in sports and entertainment, the failure of the lawsuit against the UFC becomes apparent. As for the legislation, the Muhammad Ali Act fell short in protecting fighters in boxing as it was intended and will have the same ineffectualness in MMA. When the UFC was purchased in 2016 by WME-IMG, an immense international entertainment conglomerate, it is not likely the company was ignorant to these unsettled issues. This leads to the conclusion that the league’s prospects are still bright. It is in the fighters’ and the league’s best interests to quell their innate divisive temperaments and negotiate a compromise internally.Part II of this paper discusses the history of MMA, the sport of mixed martial arts. It also evaluates the evolution and current state of the UFC, the premier league that arranges and promotes the competition of elite MMA athletes. After a brief explanation of relevant antitrust laws, Part III analyzes the merits of the class action lawsuit against the UFC. Part IV explores the distinct nature of MMA and why antitrust enforcement will have varying results from what the athletes hope to achieve. Part V addresses possible effects of the proposed federal legislation amending the Muhammad Ali Act. Finally, Part VI summarizes that the antitrust litigation and proposed regulation will fail to redress the fighters’ affliction of their income but may injure the UFC brand. Thus, imploring the league to be proactive in resolving this issue.
      PubDate: Wed, 17 Jan 2018 14:36:20 PST
  • Who Got Away With Murder' An Analysis and Discussion About the Death
           of Sam Keating in Season 1 of ABC’s “How to Get Away With Murder”

    • Authors: Katelyn Squicciarini
      Abstract: This article will address the individuals present in the home and the events surrounding the death of Sam Keating to see if anyone actually got away with murder. The remainder of the article will outline the details surrounding Sam’s death and will address the Felony Murder Rule and accomplice liability. The point of this article is not to make determinative decisions of how a court would rule. Rather, this will address the characters in question based on relevant case law and the Pennsylvania Code of Crimes. The individuals and potential charges would be subject to prosecutorial discretion and reasonable minds may differ about the charges applicable to each individual.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Jun 2017 12:51:50 PDT
  • The Need for Strict Morality Clauses in Endorsement Contracts

    • Authors: Caysee Kamenetsky
      Abstract: The increasing significance of morality clauses seems to directly correlate with the increase of social media platforms and avenues to live-stream events, including but not limited to Facebook, Snapchat, Instagram, and Twitter. News of an athlete’s behavior can go viral in a matter of seconds. This leads company brands to seek broader terms in their morality clauses to allow them to disassociate themselves from the athlete. However, this is not always fair to the athlete, who might not have any idea that their personal-life choices could lead to the end of an endorsement contract.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Jun 2017 12:51:47 PDT
  • How Organizing Collegiate Student-Athletes Under the National Labor
           Relations Act with the NCAA as a Joint Employer Can Lead to Significant
           Changes to the Student-Athlete Compensation Rules

    • Authors: Andrew Gruna
      Abstract: This paper will provide an overview of how National Labor Relations Board cases of Northwestern University and Browning Ferris combined with the analysis presented in the National Labor Relations Board General Counsel Memorandum GC 17-01: General Counsel’s Report on the Statutory Rights of University Faculty and Students in the Unfair Labor Practice Context could impact the laws behind unionization, the contracts of university athletes, and, ultimately through contract negotiations, reintroduce the discussion regarding compensation of student-athletes.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Jun 2017 12:51:44 PDT
  • Gamblization: The Rise of Sports Gambling and the Need to Repeal PASPA

    • Authors: Alex Lowell
      Abstract: The National Gambling Impact Study Commission, in its final report to Congress, estimated American’s bet as much as $380 billion per year on sports, making it by far the largest form of illegal wagering, and that report was released in 1999. With the growth of the Internet and technology, there is no doubt that these staggering figures are far larger today. Based on the current structure, 99% of sports gambling continue to operate untaxed and unregulated in defiance of state and federal law. The time has come for the United States to repeal the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act of 1992 (“PASPA”) and develop modern laws to regulate the sports gambling industry and cash in on the billions of dollars it generates in revenue.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Jun 2017 12:51:41 PDT
  • NBA-Age Restrictions: Should the NBA Follow In the Footsteps of Major
           League Baseball'

    • Authors: Bryan Kelly
      Abstract: This paper will discuss the outlook of current NBA prospects and the development of age restrictions. It will also shed light on several key cases and Collective Bargaining Agreements including: Wood v. National Basketball Association, and Denver Rockets v. All Pro Management, Inc. and the NBA CBA. After that, an analysis of Sherman Antitrust Law and current case law concerning age restrictions in sports, and analyze the possibility for age-restrictions to be argued through the court system. Finally, this paper will look into the NBPA’s duty of representation towards NBA prospects and how the NBPA can take ideas from a comparable professional sport (Major League Baseball), to provide proper representation.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Jun 2017 12:51:37 PDT
  • UFC Fighters Are Taking a Beating Because They are Misclassified as
           Independent Contractors. An Employee Classification Would Change the Fight
           Game for the UFC, Its Fighters, and MMA

    • Authors: Vincent Salminen
      Abstract: The current state of affairs in the sport of mixed martial arts (MMA) is overwhelmingly in favor of the companies promoting the fights and not in favor of the athletes actually putting their health and lives at risk. This article looks at the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) and how it classifies its fighters as independent contractors rather than employees, even though it treats the fighters more like employees. This article addresses issues fighters are having with the current classification and then examines how the fighters could be classified as employees. Finally, the article will address what an employee classification would mean for the UFC, its fighters, and MMA in general.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Jun 2017 12:51:34 PDT
  • Split Chords: Addressing the Federal Circuit Split in Music Sampling
           Copyright Infringement Cases

    • Authors: Erik J. Badia
      Abstract: This Note offers a comprehensive analysis of the current circuit split regarding how the de minimis doctrine applies to music sampling in copyright infringement cases. Since the Sixth Circuit's 2005 landmark decision in Bridgeport Music Inc. v. Dimension Films, critics, scholars and even judges have dissected the opinion and its bright line rule of “get a license or do not sample.” In May 2016, the Ninth Circuit issued its opinion in VMG Salsoul v. Ciccione. The Ninth Circuit explicitly declined to follow Bridgeport, holding that analyzing a music sampling copyright infringement case requires a substantial similarity analysis, including applying a de minimis analysis.The Ninth Circuit’s decision created a circuit split and an unsettled area of intellectual property law. This Note seeks to promote critical analysis of this contested area of law by exploring the underpinnings of the substantial similarity and de minimis doctrines, as well as the holdings of each case and their arguments. The Note offers three proposals regarding how courts should handle the circuit split, and in doing so creates a distinctive way of looking at the music sampling issue to help the federal judiciary frame the problem in a more expansive way.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Jun 2017 12:51:31 PDT
  • Expanding the Sports Broadcasting Act of 1961 to College Athletics

    • Authors: Kelsey Pincket
      Abstract: This Note will begin by exploring the history and evolution of antitrust law surrounding sport including the limited application of the Sports Broadcasting Act. An introduction of the Sports Broadcasting Act and a discussion of the portions of the act that are in need of more inclusive language will follow. This Note will then examine the current competitive imbalance in collegiate athletics and emphasize the Supreme Court’s recognition as to the importance of maintaining competitiveness in the NCAA. Finally, the expansion of Sports Broadcasting Act through explicit regulation to immunize the NCAA, as one league with a single unity of interest, will be articulated as the solution to the competitive imbalance in college sports and the sports industry.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Jun 2017 12:51:28 PDT
  • Wrigley Field, the Trademark

    • Authors: Benjamin J. Welch
      Abstract: This paper is about the theory of applying the law of trade dress and all the protections that come with it to stadiums, specifically to Wrigley Field, home of Major League Baseball’s Chicago Cubs. Trade dress is the version of trademark reserved for the packaging, design, or color of products. If the packaging, design, or color possesses the ability to identify the source or creator of the product, then it can create a possessory interest in the product’s creator for that style of packaging, design of the product, or color used. This possessory interest is used to protect the reputation of the creator as a producer of quality products and protect consumers from confusion when they go to purchase products.During the last decade or more, sports have become big business and do not show any signs of stopping. One of the signs of this trend is the arms race that has developed for the biggest and best stadiums and facilities. Applying trade dress protection to these stadiums and facilities would protect an owner from the creation of a similar stadium or facility by a rival owner and could open up a new revenue stream by allowing that owner to use the look and design of his stadium to sell and market goods with. The application of this theory could be endless and only fully realized when it hits the free market.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Jun 2017 12:51:24 PDT
  • Sony, Cyber Security, and Free Speech: Preserving the First Amendment in
           the Modern World

    • Authors: Conrad Wilton
      Abstract: Reprinted from 16 U.C. Davis Bus. L.J. 309 (2016). This paper explores the Sony hack in 2014 allegedly launched by the North Korean government in retaliation over Sony’s production of The Interview and considers the hack’s chilling impact on speech in technology. One of the most devastating cyber attacks in history, the hack exposed approximately thirty- eight million files of sensitive data, including over 170,000 employee emails, thousands of employee social security numbers and unreleased footage of upcoming movies. The hack caused Sony to censor the film and prompted members of the entertainment industry at large to tailor their communication and conform storylines to societal standards. Such censorship cuts the First Amendment at its core and exemplifies the danger cyber terror poses to freedom of speech by compromising Americans’ privacy in digital mediums. This paper critiques the current methods for combatting cyber terror, which consist of unwieldy federal criminal laws and controversial information sharing policies, while proposing more promising solutions that unleash the competitive power of the free market with limited government regulation. It also recommends legal, affordable and user-friendly tools anyone can use to secure their technology, recapture their privacy and exercise their freedom of speech online without fear of surreptitious surveillance or retaliatory exposure.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Jun 2017 12:51:21 PDT
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