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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
Showing 1 - 3 of 3 Journals sorted by number of followers
European Journal of Sport Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77)
Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 75)
International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 57)
American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
ACTIVE : Journal of Physical Education, Sport, Health and Recreation     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
International Journal of Exercise Science     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
International Journal of Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
International Review for the Sociology of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Comparative Exercise Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Qualitative Research in Sport and Exercise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Sport and Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Sport Psychology in Action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of the History of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Kinesiology and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Human Kinetics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Human Sport and Exercise     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Physical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Sport Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Sport Sciences and Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Sport Coaching Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Soccer & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Sport History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Sport Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Sociology of Sport Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Applied Sport Science     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Sport Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sport in History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Isokinetics and Exercise Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Science and Cycling     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Sport History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
The Sport Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Turfgrass Society Research Journal     Free   (Followers: 10)
Biomedical Human Kinetics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Curriculum Studies in Health and Physical Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Communication & Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Sport, Business and Management : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Sport Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Perceptual and Motor Skills     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Sport & Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Australian and New Zealand Sports Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Health Promotion & Physical Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Philosophy of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Physical Education and Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Science in Sport and Exercise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Sports Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Physician and Sportsmedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Berkeley Journal of Entertainment and Sports Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Athletic Enhancement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Sport and Fitness Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Intercollegiate Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Sport Management Education Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Sport Management: Research that Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Computer Science in Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Sports Coaching Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sports Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part P: Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Coaching Psykologi : The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Kinesiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
NINE : A Journal of Baseball History and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Pace Intellectual Property, Sports & Entertainment Law Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Physical Education and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Recreation and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sport, Exercise & Training Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Sports and Active Living     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physical Activity Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Footwear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sports Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Strategies : A Journal for Physical and Sport Educators     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Quest     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Sports Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Seton Hall Journal of Sports and Entertainment Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
PALAESTRA : Adapted Sport, Physical Education, and Recreational Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Facultatis Educationis Physicae Universitatis Comenianae     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Amateur Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Journal for Sport and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Athlete Development and Experience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sport Science and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Reabilitacijos Mokslai : Slauga, Kineziterapija, Ergoterapija     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indonesian Journal of Sport Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research : Sportwissenschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sportverletzung · Sportschaden     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Podium Sport, Leisure and Tourism Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sporting Traditions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Arena-Journal of Physical Activities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Andaluza de Medicina del Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Timisoara Physical Education and Rehabilitation Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
UNLV Gaming Research & Review Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sport and Art     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sports Medicine International Open     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physical Education Health and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physical Education and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
SPORTIVE : Journal Of Physical Education, Sport and Recreation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Football(s) : Histoire, Culture, Économie, Société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Managing Sport and Leisure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
College Athletics and The Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Movement & Sport Sciences : Science & Motricité     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultura, Ciencia y Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Golf Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Educación física y deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte : International Journal of Medicine and Science of Physical Activity and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RBNE - Revista Brasileira de Nutrição Esportiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jeffrey S. Moorad Sports Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marquette Sports Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sportis. Scientific Journal of School Sport, Physical Education and Psychomotricity     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences : Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Sport Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kinesiology : International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Kinesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Spor Bilimleri Dergisi / Hacettepe Journal of Sport Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Corpoconsciência     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal for the Measurement of Physical Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Global Sport Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Science and Medicine in Football     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos em Movimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sports Law and Governance Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Laisvalaikio Tyrimai     Open Access  
Video Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access  
Forum Kinder- und Jugendsport : Zeitschrift für Forschung, Transfer und Praxisdialog     Hybrid Journal  
eJRIEPS : Ejournal de la recherche sur l'intervention en éducation physique et sport     Open Access  
SPORT TK-Revista EuroAmericana de Ciencias del Deporte     Open Access  
Juara : Jurnal Olahraga     Open Access  
Arrancada     Open Access  
Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences     Open Access  
Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education     Open Access  
New Approaches in Sport Sciences     Open Access  
Forum for Idræt, Historie og Samfund     Open Access  
Cerdas Sifa Pendidikan : Sport Education     Open Access  
Quality in Sport     Open Access  
Journal of Motor Learning and Development     Hybrid Journal  
Sri Lankan Journal of Sports and Exercise Medicine     Open Access  
Sport i Turystyka : Środkowoeuropejskie Czasopismo Naukowe     Open Access  
Revista Intercontinental de Gestão Desportiva     Open Access  
Open Sports Sciences Journal     Open Access  
Ágora para la Educación Física y el Deporte     Open Access  
Journal of Physical Education and Human Movement     Open Access  
Journal of Sports Medicine and Therapy     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise     Open Access  
Gelanggang Pendidikan Jasmani Indonesia     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira do Esporte Coletivo     Open Access  
International Journal of Science Culture and Sport     Open Access  
SIPATAHOENAN : South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education     Open Access  
Research on ٍEducational Sport     Open Access  
Conexões     Open Access  
Ulusal Spor Bilimleri Dergisi / Journal of National Sport Sciences     Open Access  
Türkiye Spor Bilimleri Dergisi / Turkish Journal of Sports Science     Open Access  
Spor Eğitim Dergisi     Open Access  
Spor Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi     Open Access  
Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi / Ondokuz Mayıs University Journal of Sports and Performance Researches     Open Access  
Jurnal Keolahragaan     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte     Open Access  
Physical Education of Students     Open Access  
Jendela Olahraga     Open Access  
Jurnal Abdimas     Open Access  
International Journal of Sports Marketing and Sponsorship     Hybrid Journal  
Retos : Nuevas Tendencias en Educación Física, Deportes y Recreación     Open Access  
Martial Arts Studies     Open Access  
Sportphysio     Hybrid Journal  
Citius, Altius, Fortius     Open Access  
Слобожанський науково-спортивний вісник     Open Access  
Educación Física y Ciencia     Open Access  
RBFF - Revista Brasileira de Futsal e Futebol     Open Access  
Materiales para la historia del deporte     Open Access  
FairPlay, Revista de Filosofia, Ética y Derecho del Deporte     Open Access  
Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas     Open Access  
mensch & pferd international     Full-text available via subscription  
RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte     Open Access  
Revista de Psicología del Deporte     Open Access  
MHSalud : Movimiento Humano y Salud     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie     Hybrid Journal  
Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism     Open Access  
Therapeutic Recreation Journal     Full-text available via subscription  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Materiales para la historia del deporte
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1887-9586 - ISSN (Online) 2340-7166
Published by Universidad Pablo de Olavide Homepage  [12 journals]
  • Mind the gap. The role of suppression, purges, and rejection in sports
           history and sports historiography. An Introduction

    • Authors: Arnd Krüger
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Forgetting is often considered a problem of old age. It is seen as a sign of weakness, of individual frailty. Whoever uses oral history is fully aware of the problem that even an eyewitness for certain events at a certain period will have forgotten a lot or may even falsely remember something that took place in a different context. This is perfectly normal, although sometimes the historian might think that the person does not want to be remembered. As one can see in the aftermath of dictatorial government not all forgetting really means forgetting. Often the eyewitness just prefers to keep silent to avoid being drawn into a case he or she has to be careful to talk about. Apart from such individual cases of forgetting there are the collective ones. In recent times the renaming of streets, the topping of monuments, and the restitution of artifacts from museums gathered there in colonial times to their original owners or their heirs have led to considerable discussions about the blind spots in one’s own history.

      PubDate: 2023-06-15
      DOI: 10.20868/mhd.2023.24.5009
  • Mind the gap an Authority is creating. Coubertin and the Olympic Congress
           of 1914 = Mind the gap, creando una autoridad. Coubertin y el Congreso
           Olímpico de 1914

    • Authors: Arnd Krüger
      Pages: 6 - 16
      Abstract: AbstractThe Olympic Congress of 1914 took place in Paris immediately prior to World War I. It was to highlight Coubertin’s standing in front of the President of France. While the formal celebrations were grandiose, the deliberations of the delegates about the future of the Games were a disaster for Coubertin, as he was utterly unprepared for these negotiations. He was confronted with the power of the newly founded international sports federations which wanted to have a decisive vote on their sports. Coubertin was even ready to resign on the question of women’s participation in the Games. No complete Minutes of the Congress were ever published. Coubertin’s description in his autobiography and the abridged version of the Proceedings after the Great War contain fakes which have not been questioned by the scholars of Olympic history because of the authority of Coubertin. Using newspaper records of the participants of various countries it is attempted to reconstruct what happened at the Congress. ResumenEl Congreso Olímpico de 1914 se celebró en París inmediatamente antes de la Primera Guerra Mundial. Era para destacar la posición de Coubertin ante el Presidente de Francia. Aunque las celebraciones formales fueron grandiosas, las deliberaciones de los delegados sobre el futuro de los Juegos fueron un desastre para Coubertin, ya que no estaba preparado para estas negociaciones. Se enfrentó al poder de las recién creadas federaciones deportivas internacionales, que querían tener un voto decisivo sobre sus deportes. Coubertin estuvo incluso dispuesto a resignarse por la cuestión de la participación de las mujeres en los Juegos. Nunca se publicaron las actas completas del Congreso. La descripción de Coubertin en su autobiografía y la
      versión abreviada de las Actas después de la Gran Guerra contienen falsificaciones que no han sido cuestionadas por los estudiosos de la historia olímpica debido a la autoridad de Coubertin. Utilizando los registros de los periódicos de los participantes de varios países se intenta reconstruir lo
      que ocurrió en el Congreso.
      PubDate: 2023-06-15
      DOI: 10.20868/mhd.2023.24.4817
  • L’engagement sportif des Juifs communistes et socialistes : un impensé
           historiographique (années 1920-1950) = The involvement of left-wing Jews
           in sports in Paris: a historiographical unthought (1920s-1950s) = El
           compromiso de los deportistas judíos de izquierda en París: una
           reflexión historiográfica (1920-1950)

    • Authors: Étienne Pénard
      Pages: 17 - 36
      Abstract: ResuméDans les années 1920 et 1930 naissent en France plusieurs clubs sportifs à tendance communiste ou socialiste constitués en grande majorité de Juifs immigrés issus des masses populaires. Ces clubs sont créés selon un double enjeu : proposer des lieux d’entre soi chaleureux valorisant une culture commune et s’engager dans une lutte des classes. Du fait de leur dissolution pendant la guerre, de la destruction de leurs archives et du peu d’intérêt que les historiens leur ont porté jusqu’alors, on ignore encore beaucoup de la structuration et du déploiement de ces clubs constitués de Juifs communistes et socialistes. Cet article entend expliquer pourquoi ces structures sont encore peu étudiées tout en prouvant que l’analyse de ces associations sportives offre un œilleton particulièrement pertinent pour comprendre la manière dont les Juifs de France conçoivent leurs combats politiques, leurs luttes contre le nazisme ainsi que leur judéité.
      AbstractIn the 1920s and 1930s, several sports clubs with communist or socialist tendencies were created in France, most of them made up of immigrant Jews from the working classes. These clubs were created with a fourfold aim: to create places of sociability outside of social and anti-Semitic prejudices, to
      enhance the Jewish identity of immigrants, to defend communist and socialist political ideals, and to defend persecuted Jews. Because of their dissolution during the war, the destruction of their archives and the little interest historians have shown in them up to now, we still know little about the structuring and deployment of these clubs made up of left-wing Jews. This article intends to explain why these organizations are still little studied while proving that the analysis of these sports associations offers a particularly relevant eyepiece to understand the way in which the Jews of France conceived their political struggles, their fight against Nazism as well as their Jewishness. ResumenEn los años 1920 y 1930, en Francia, nacieron varios clubes deportivos con tendencia comunista o socialista, formados en mayor parte de judíos emigrados provenientes de clases populares. Esos clubes fueron creados con un cuádruple reto: crear lugares de sociabilidad fuera de los prejuicios
      sociales y antisemitas, valorizar la identidad judía de los emigrados, defender los ideales políticos comunistas y socialistas, sin olvidar defender a los judíos perseguidos. Debido a su disolución durante la guerra, a la destrucción de sus archivos y a la falta de interés que los historiadores les dedicaron hasta entonces, todavía ignoramos mucho de su estructuración y del despliegue de esos clubes constituidos de judíos de izquierda. Este artículo pretende explicar por qué estas organizaciones siguen siendo poco estudiadas, al tiempo que demuestra que el análisis de estas asociaciones deportivas ofrece una mirada especialmente adecuada para comprender la forma en que los judíos de
      Francia concibieron sus combates políticos, su lucha contra el nazismo, así como su judaísmo.

      PubDate: 2023-06-15
      DOI: 10.20868/mhd.2023.24.4774
  • Olvidar al tramposo: El caso de Johann Muehlegg y el estudio del discurso
           identitario a través de la prensa española = Forgetting the cheater: The
           case of Johann Muehlegg and the study of identity discourse through the
           Spanish press

    • Authors: Juan Antonio Simón Sanjurjo
      Pages: 37 - 53
      Abstract: ResumenEn noviembre de 1999 el esquiador de fondo de origen alemán Johann Muehlegg, consiguió su nacionalización española. Los triunfos deportivos no tardaron en llegar logrando la Copa del Mundo en el 2000, dos medallas en el Mundial de 2001 y tres medallas de oro en los Juegos Olímpicos de Salt Lake City en el 2002. El día después de conseguir su última victoria, el Comité Olímpico internacional (COI) le comunicó que había dado positivo por una sustancia denominada darbepoetina alfa y fue inmediatamente expulsado de la competición retirándole todas las medallas. A partir de ese momento el nuevo ídolo del deporte español pasó de héroe a villano en pocos días. Esta investigación tiene como objetivo principal analizar el tratamiento informativo que la prensa generalista y deportiva española ofreció del esquiador de fondo de origen alemán Johann Muehlegg, desde su irrupción en el panorama deportivo de este país hasta su descalificación por dopaje y su posterior retirada. Se examina la cobertura desarrollada por los periódicos El País, El Mundo, La Vanguardia, Mundo Deportivo y Marca, en el periodo cronológico comprendido entre noviembre del 1999 y diciembre del 2006. La prensa convirtió a Muellegg en el modelo perfecto de integración en la sociedad española y asimilación de las identidades nacionales, para posteriormente, una vez conocido su dopaje, transformarse en el peor ejemplo para el deporte español y condenarlo al olvido.  AbstractIn November 1999, the German cross-country skier Johann Muehlegg obtained his Spanish nationality. He won the World Cup in 2000, two medals at the 2001 World Cup and three gold medals at the Olympic Games in Salt Lake City in 2002. The day after his last victory, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) informed him that he had tested positive for a substance called darbepoetin alpha and he was immediately expelled from the competition and all his medals were withdrawn. From that moment on, the new idol of Spanish sport went from hero to villain in a few days. The main objective of this research is to analyze the informative treatment that the Spanish general and sports press
      offered to Johann Muehlegg, from his irruption in the sports scene of this country until his disqualification for doping and his subsequent withdrawal. It examines the coverage developed by the newspapers El País, El Mundo, La Vanguardia, Mundo Deportivo and Marca in the chronological period between November 1999 and December 2006. The press turned Muehlegg into the perfect model of integration into the Spanish society and assimilation of national identities, to later, once his doping was known, become the worst example for Spanish sport and condemn him to oblivion. This research has an approach of historical analysis, specifically from the history of the present, and with the use of a methodology based on content analysis.

      PubDate: 2023-06-15
      DOI: 10.20868/mhd.2023.24.4787
  • Carl Diem's "Organisation plan for Physical Education in Bulgaria" 1937 =
           “Plan de organización de la educación física en Bulgaria” de Carl
           Diem, 1937

    • Authors: Jörg Schenk
      Pages: 54 - 73
      Abstract: AbstractIn the middle of the 1930s, sport in young Bulgaria was in a deficient state not only in the eyes of its government, but also in those of foreign observers. The "Law on the Physical Education of Youth", passed in 1931, did not seem to fulfill the expectations placed in it, which is why the government asked for advice and the preparation of a general plan by an expert to be sent by the German Reich. Carl Diem, internationally known and respected at least since the 1936 Olympic Games, stayed in the country in the fall of 1937 and drafted the requested plan, which contained a concept for the future organisation of national sports, the construction of sports facilities and the training of "gymnastics teachers" on more than 60 pages, including annexes and an analysis of the current situation.The present study attempts a synoptic-descriptive presentation of this "Organisation Plan for Physical Education in Bulgaria", which was groundbreaking for national sports. ResumenA mediados de los años 30, el deporte en la joven Bulgaria no sólo era deficitario a ojos de su gobierno, sino también de los observadores extranjeros. La “Ley de Educación Física de la Juventud” aprobada en 1931 no parecía cumplir las expectativas depositadas en ella, por lo que el gobierno
      solicitó el asesoramiento y la elaboración de un plan general por parte de un experto que sería enviado por el Reich alemán. Carl Diem, conocido y respetado internacionalmente desde los Juegos Olímpicos de 1936 a más tardar, estuvo en el país en otoño de 1937 y redactó el plan solicitado, que
      contenía un concepto para la futura organización del deporte nacional, la construcción de instalaciones deportivas y la formación de “profesores de gimnasia” en más de 60 páginas, incluyendo anexos y un análisis de la situación actual.
      El presente estudio intenta hacer una presentación sinóptica-descriptiva de este “Plan para la Educación Física en Bulgaria”, que fue pionero para el deporte nacional.
      PubDate: 2023-06-15
      DOI: 10.20868/mhd.2023.24.4764
  • Una extraña en la pista de carreras. Jacqueline Evans y la Carrera
           Panamericana, 1950-1954 = A stranger in the racetrack. Jacqueline Evans
           and the Carrera Panamericana, 1950-1954

    • Authors: Alejandro Avendaño
      Pages: 74 - 87
      Abstract: ResumenLa Carrera Panamericana, celebrada en México entre 1950 y 1954, significó para el automovilismo mexicano un importante paso en su proceso de institucionalización dentro del país. El evento contribuyó al desarrollo de la industria de los espectáculos deportivos masivos, generó un punto de reunión para la comunidad automovilística nacional e internacional, pero también desarrolló a los pilotos que edificaron sobre sí mismos la narrativa fundacional del automovilismo deportivo mexicano.Entre sus participantes se encontraba la actriz británica Jacqueline Evans, quien ya residía en México desde los años cuarenta. Alrededor de ella, se tejió una narrativa que contrastó los elementos nacionalistas de la sociedad mexicana, así como el contenido simbólico y cultural de la muerte a partir de la segunda mitad del siglo XX en México. Evans fue, en la historia de la Carrera Panamericana, la mujer extranjera (y extraña) “infiltrada” en una actividad peligrosa, que para la sociedad mexicana poco se vinculaba con su género: derivado de ello enfrentó una resistencia que se alcanza a apreciar nítidamente en los escritos periodísticos de la época. A pesar de ello, se convirtió en la única mujer (y una de las pocas personas) que participó en todas las ediciones de la Carrera Panamericana entre 1950 y 1954.Por eso mismo, es importante recuperar y analizar su experiencia como parte de una serie de transformaciones en el fenómeno deportivo y automovilístico. Ello es más latente si consideramos la escasez de estudios académicos sobre este evento deportivo, pero también la falta de testimonios escritos que detalles sus participaciones en la Carrera Panamericana. De esta manera, el legado de Jacqueline Evans fue sepultado por una narrativa predominantemente machista y que debe rescatarse para la historia de la mujer dentro del deporte motor. AbstractThe Carrera Panamericana, held in Mexico between 1950 and 1954, meant for Mexican motorsports an important step in its process of institutionalization within the country. The event contributed to the development of the mass sports entertainment industry, generated a meeting point for the national
      and international automotive community, but it also developed the drivers who built upon themselves the foundational narrative of Mexican motorsport.the foundational narrative of Mexican motorsport.Among its participants was British actress Jacqueline Evans, who had been living in Mexico since the 1940s. Around it, a narrative was woven that contrasted the nationalist elements of Mexican society, as well as the symbolic and cultural content of death from the second half of the 20th century in Mexico. Evans was, in the history of the Carrera Panamericana, the foreign (and strange) woman “infiltrated” into a dangerous activity, which for Mexican society was little linked to her gender: As a result, she faced a resistance that was clearly seen in the journalistic writings of the time. Despite this, she became the only woman (and one of the few people) who participated in all the editions of the Carrera Panamericana between 1950 and 1954.For this reason, it is important to recover and analyze her experience as part of a series of transformations in the sport and automobile phenomenon. This is more latent if we consider the shortage of academic studies on this sporting event, but also the lack of written testimonies that detail their participation in the Carrera Panamericana. In this way, the legacy of Jacqueline Evans was buried by a predominantly macho narrative that must be rescued for the history of women within the motorsport.
      PubDate: 2023-06-15
      DOI: 10.20868/mhd.2023.24.4772
  • Dos veces invisibles, dos veces clandestinas. Fútbol y lesbianismo en
           España durante los años de la transición democrática (1970-1982) =
           Twice invisible, twice clandestine. Football and lesbianism in Spain
           during the years of democratic transition (1970-1982)

    • Authors: Dolors Ribalta Alcalde, Xavier Pujadas
      Pages: 88 - 102
      Abstract: ResumenEste artículo tiene como objetivo fundamental analizar la relación entre el fútbol femenino y el lesbianimo durante la década de 1970 en España, así como las características de invisibilidad de este colectivo de mujeres en el marco de la propia invisibilidad del fútbol femenino en este periodo y en el contexto de la transición política hasta 1982.En el contexto represivo del tardofranquismo y dada la vigencia hasta 1978 de leyes que perseguían de manera expresa la homosexualidad, la presión social, cultural, legal y política tuvo un impacto muy importante sobre las mujeres lesbianas que participaron de la práctica incipiente del fútbol en España en la década de 1970. Algunas de estas jugadoras construyeron redes de socialización homosexual a través de clubes deportivos y posteriormente iniciaron encuentros de carácter clandestino en bares y en celebracions privadas. El periodo estudiado -entre 1970 y 1982- coincidió con el renacimiento del fútbol femenino en España y la emergencia internacional de este deporte. La investigación se ha basado en el uso de la entrevista en profundidad, como método y técnica historiográfica que nos ha permitido obtener las historias de vida de 9 mujeres lesbianas y heterosexuales practicantes de fútbol en diferentes ciudades españolas (que en general, han vivido y viven de manera privada su identidad sexual) y 2 técnicos vinculados a equipos femeninos. Estas fuentes, se han ampliado y contrastado a partir de otras de carácter documental (prensa especializada y bibliografía) para reconstruir el contexto estudiado y contrastar la fiabilidad de las informaciones recogidas.En conclusión, se ha podido establecer que, a pesar de la escasa visibilidad del fútbol femenino y de la homosexualidad, de la presión legal del período y de la oposición de las autoridades e instituciones públicas de la dictadura, el ámbito del fútbol permitió a estas mujeres vencer algunas de las dificultades en el proceso de construcción de su identidad y las discriminaciones por orientaciones sexuales. A su vez, las redes de apoyo -sobre todo de las compañeras de equipo- las fiestas privadas y los bares de ambiente, fueron fundamentales para la experiencia vital de las jóvenes deportistas lesbianas en el contexto todavía represivo del final de la dictadura franquista y de los primeros años del jóven régimen democrático en España.
      AbstractThe main objective of this paper is to analyze the relationship between women’s football and lesbianism during the 1970s in Spain, as well as the invisibility characteristics of this group of women in the context of the invisibility of women’s football in this period and in the context of the political
      transition until 1982.In the repressive context of late Francoism and given the validity until 1978 of laws that expressly persecuted homosexuality, social, cultural, legal and political pressure had a very important impact on lesbian women who participated in the incipient practice of football in Spain in the 1970s. Some of
      these players built gay social networks through sports clubs and later started clandestine meetings in bars and private celebrations. The period studied - between 1970 and 1982 - coincided with the rebirth of women’s football in Spain and the international emergence of this sport.The research has been based on the use of in-depth interview, as a method and historiographical technique that has allowed us to obtain the life stories of 9 lesbian or heterosexual women football players in different Spanish cities (who in general have lived and live in a private sexual identity) and 2 coaches linked to women’s teams. These sources have been expanded and contrasted from others of a documentary nature (specialized press and bibliography) to reconstruct the context studied and contrast the reliability of the information collected.In conclusion, it has been established that, despite the low visibility of women’s football and homosexuality, the legal pressure of the period and the opposition of the public authorities and institutions of the dictatorship, the field of football allowed these Women overcome some of the difficulties in the process of building their identity and discrimination based on sexual orientation. In
      turn, support networks - especially of teammates - private parties and atmosphere bars, were fundamental to the life experience of young lesbian athletes in the still repressive context of the end of the Franco dictatorship and the first years of the young democratic regime in Spain.

      PubDate: 2023-06-15
      DOI: 10.20868/mhd.2023.24.4775
  • O futebol de mulheres na imprensa brasileira na década de 1990 = El
           fútbol de mujeres en la prensa brasileña de la década de 1990 =
           Women’s soccer in the 1990’s Brazilian press

    • Authors: Bruna Rafaella Esporta Fernandes, Edivaldo Gois Junior, Evelise Amgartem Quitzau
      Pages: 103 - 117
      Abstract: ResumoA década de 1990 é um período importante para a institucionalização do futebol de mulheres no Brasil. Impulsionado pela realização da primeira edição da Copa do Mundo de Futebol Feminino na China (1991) e pela introdução da modalidade nos Jogos Olímpicos de Atlanta (1996), o futebol de mulheres passou a aparecer nas páginas esportivas de jornais brasileiros de grande circulação. O objetivo deste artigo é analisar as representações da mídia impressa brasileira sobre o futebol de mulheres, na década de 1990, a partir das notícias que envolviam sua prática especialmente no contexto de sua seleção nacional. Para isso, foram selecionados dois jornais de grande circulação: O Estado de S. Paulo e o Jornal do Brasil. Conclui-se que as representações do futebol de mulheres na mídia impressa transitavam entre a erotização do corpo das jogadoras e o estranhamento àquelas que não se adequaram a determinados padrões considerados socialmente como aceitos, observando-se claros indícios de lesbofobia na imprensa brasileira.
      ResumenLa década de 1990 es un periodo importante para la institucionalización del fútbol de mujeres en Brasil. Impulsado por la primera edición del Mundial Femenino en China (1991) y la introducción de este deporte en los Juegos Olímpicos de Atlanta (1996), el fútbol de mujeres comenzó a aparecer en
      las páginas deportivas de los principales periódicos brasileños. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar las representaciones de los medios impresos brasileños sobre el fútbol de mujeres en la década de 1990, a partir de las noticias que involucran su práctica especialmente en el contexto de su selección nacional. Para ello, se seleccionaron dos periódicos de gran circulación: O Estado de S. Paulo y Jornal do Brasil. Se concluyó que las representaciones del fútbol femenino en los medios de comunicación impresos se movían entre la erotización de los cuerpos de las jugadoras y el distanciamiento hacia aquellas que no se ajustaban a ciertos estándares considerados socialmente aceptados, observándose claros signos de lesbofobia en la prensa brasileña. AbstractThe 1990s are a crucial period for institutionalizing women’s soccer in Brazil. Driven by the first edition of the Women’s World Cup in China (1991) and the introduction of the sport in the Atlanta Olympic Games (1996), women’s soccer started to appear on the sports pages of major Brazilian newspapers. This article aims to analyze the representations of Brazilian printed media about women’s soccer in the 1990s, based on the news involving its practice, especially in the context of the national team. For this purpose, two prominent circulation newspapers were selected: O Estado de S. Paulo and Jornal do
      Brasil. It was concluded that the representations of women’s soccer in the printed media moved between the eroticization of the players’ bodies and the estrangement to those who did not fit specific standards considered socially accepted, observing clear signs of lesbophobia in the Brazilian press.

      PubDate: 2023-06-15
      DOI: 10.20868/mhd.2023.24.4762
  • “Enquanto a bola não começa” – clubes desportivos como espaços de
           contracultura, o caso do Estrela da Amadora (1951-1974) = “Mientras que
           el partido no comienza” - los clubes deportivos como espacios de
           contracultura, el caso del Estrela da Amadora (1951-1974) = “While
           waiting for the ball to roll” – sporting clubs as spaces of
           counterculture, the case of Estrela da Amadora (1951-1974)

    • Authors: Gil Gonçalves, Andreia Fontenete Louro, Daniel Freire Santos
      Pages: 118 - 131
      Abstract: ResumoEste artigo pretende destacar o papel dos clubes e associações desportivas como espaços de resistência em contextos autoritários, partindo do caso paradigmático de um modesto clube de futebol dos arredores de Lisboa – o Estrela da Amadora. Os vínculos entre desporto e política estão bem documentados. Contudo, essas ligações são usualmente sublinhadas recorrendo a momentos e gestos de grande intensidade dramática, nos quais a insubordinação e o inconformismo são expostos de forma pública e arrojada. Alternativamente, deslocando a nossa atenção para as actividades desenvolvidas por este clube ao longo de uma década, conseguimos apurar as estratégias quotidianas de resistência que este fomentava. A sede social do Estrela, um dos mais relevantes espaços de sociabilidade da cidade da Amadora, albergava uma biblioteca com livros proibidos, sessões de jogo ilegal e manifestações culturais assinadas por alguns dos mais notáveis “subversivos” da época. O próprio boletim do clube era usado para promover debates à margem das suas actividades desportivas, assumindo por vezes tons claramente programáticos. Nada disto era produto do acaso. A partir da década de 1950, a direcção do clube foi assumida por oposicionistas que o usaram como plataforma para “fintar” os constrangimentos impostos pela ditadura à liberdade de expressão e associação. Marcados pelo acossamento assíduo da polícia política e por conflitos com a Igreja, estes anos retratam as possibilidades que a popularização do desporto abria à associação política, especialmente em tempos de repressão. Apesar de ser, nalguns domínios, um caso excepcional, esperamos atestar que o estudo de clubes e associações locais pode revelar uma cultura de resistência que não se encontrava confinada a partidos ou associações políticas tradicionais. Trata-se de explorar um objecto de estudo historiograficamente menorizado, analisando fontes impressas, materiais e orais “esquecidas” no momento de fazer a história da oposição e resistência ao Estado Novo. ResumenEste artículo pretende destacar el papel de los clubes y asociaciones deportivas como espacios de resistencia en contextos autoritarios, partiendo del caso paradigmático de un modesto club de fútbol de la periferia de Lisboa - Estrela da Amadora. Los vínculos entre el deporte y la política están bien documentados. Sin embargo, estos vínculos suelen subrayarse recurriendo a momentos y gestos de gran intensidad dramática, en los que la insubordinación y el inconformismo se exponen pública y audazmente. Por otro lado, al trasladar nuestra atención a las actividades desarrolladas por este club a lo largo de una década, pudimos comprobar las estrategias cotidianas de resistencia que promovía. La sede social de Estrela, uno de los espacios de sociabilidad más relevantes de la ciudad de Amadora, acogió una biblioteca con libros prohibidos, sesiones de juego ilegal y manifestaciones culturales
      firmadas por algunos de los más notables “subversivos” de la época. El propio boletín del club se utilizó para promover debates al margen de sus actividades deportivas, adquiriendo a veces tintes claramente programáticos. A partir de los años 50, la gestión del club fue asumida por opositores del régimen que lo utilizaron como plataforma para “saltarse” las limitaciones impuestas por la dictadura a la libertad de expresión y de asociación. Marcados por el acoso de la policía política y los conflictos con la iglesia, estos años retratan las posibilidades que la popularización del deporte abrió a la asociación política, especialmente en tiempos de represión. A pesar de ser, en algunos ámbitos, un
      caso excepcional, esperamos dar testimonio de que el estudio de los clubes y asociaciones locales puede revelar una cultura de resistencia que no se limitaba a los partidos o asociaciones políticas tradicionales. El objetivo es explorar un objeto de estudio historiográficamente minorizado, analizando fuentes impresas, materiales y orales “olvidadas” en el momento de hacer la historia de la oposición y resistencia al Estado Novo. AbstractThis paper aims to stress the role sporting clubs play in the struggle against authoritarian regimes, using as a paradigmatic case study a small football club in the outskirts of Lisbon: Estrela da Amadora. The ties between sports and politics are well established. However, these linkages are usually highlighted resorting to moments and gestures of great dramatic intensity when nonconformist attitudes are publicly and boldly exposed. By turning our attention to the activities conducted by a club during a decade long span we get a clearer notion of the everyday strategies of resistance that were
      put into place. Estrela’s club house was one of the most important venues for social gatherings in the town. It was home to a library, illegal gambling, and cultural performances, some of them performed by several of the most notable “subversives” of the time. The club’s bulletin was also used to promote debates marginal to any sporting activity, some of them with not-so-subtle political undertones. During the 1950’s, the club’s board was stormed by oppositionists, eager to use it as a platform to “dribble” the constraints imposed by the dictatorship. From raids of the political police to conflicts with the church,
      these years portray the possibilities that the popular...
      PubDate: 2023-06-15
      DOI: 10.20868/mhd.2023.24.4777
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