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Arena-Journal of Physical Activities
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2285-830X - ISSN (Online) 2285-830X
Published by Aurel Vlaicu University Homepage  [3 journals]
  • EDITORIAL General Notions About the Integrated Computer System for
           Researching Biomotrocity Parameters at the Young Population from Romania
           â€“ Biomotric

    • Authors: NISR
      Pages: 7 - 11
      Abstract: National Institute for Sport Research, Bucharest
      Corespondence: NISR (e-mail: office@sportscience.ro)
      PubDate: 2021-04-22
       
  • Strength Capacity and Body Mass Index Evaluation of Swimmers

    • Authors: Thaís Miriã da Silva Santos, Tânia Plens Shecaira, Giovanna Carolina Bueno, Henrique de Lima Santos, Vinícius Gonçalves de Assis, Vinicius Barroso Hirota, Nathalia Bernardes
      Pages: 12 - 26
      Abstract: Purpose. Muscle strength is an important component of physical ability. In
      sports such as swimming, this physical capacity has been increasingly evident
      in training programs, thus becoming important for the performance of aquatic
      practices. In this context, the aim of this study was to evaluate the strength
      capacity and the body mass index (BMI) of swimmers. Methods. For this, 20
      swimmers of both sexes with a mean age of 38 ± 2 years were evaluated. The
      handgrip strength (HS) was assessed using a dynamometer and weight and
      height for calculating BMI. Results. There were no differences in BMI be- tween genders (men (M): 25±1 kg./cm2; women (W): 24±0.9.kg./cm2. Men
      had a higher HS (M: 42±2; W: 29 ± 2 kgf.) There was no correlation between
      the HS and the BMI of the swimmers (M: r: 0.44; p: 0.19; W: r: 0.34, p:
      0.30). However, the behavior of the relation of the variables differs between
      the sexes, in men the HS is higher according to a lower BMI, and in women,
      the HS is higher according to a higher BMI. referring to HS (M: 8.0±0.2;
      W: 8.4±0.6). Conclusions. Thus, the results of the present study show that
      the handgrip strength in swimmers is greater in males and does not present
      correlation with BMI, however it is possible to observe a different behavior
      between HS and BMI between genders, in men the relationship behavior is
      negative and in women the relationship behavior is positive.
      PubDate: 2021-04-22
       
  • Using Dance Therapy Among High School Students and its Effects on
           Motivational Persistence in Students 14-18 Aged

    • Authors: Vari Hanna, Emilia Florina Grosu, Grosu Vlad Teodor, Boancă Virgil, Toader Florian
      Pages: 27 - 41
      Abstract: Purpose: We live in a world where not only adults but also children and
      adolescents are subjected to stressful factors surrounding them such as demanding
      school responsibilities, a familiar environment that is difficult to
      bear, negative feelings or self-confidence, biological changes. Methods:
      the research took place over a period of 6 months, 2016 Sept.-2017 Feb., at
      “George Bariţiu” High School, Cluj-Napoca. Scale of Motivational Persistence
      (SPM), this test evaluates motivational persistence, a person’s ability
      to resist motivationally in the sense of achieving the assumed goal. Results:
      statistically significant differences between the two groups were not observed
      in the statistical analysis of the subjects’ age values for non-paired samples in
      either of the two time periods studied. In contrast, statistically significant differences
      between the two time points were observed in the statistical analysis for pairs, due to the proposed and applied intervention program. The statistically
      significant difference between the two lots (p<0.05) at time T1 and
      statistically significant differences between the two groups was observed in
      statistical analysis of unattained goals (RUP) p <0.001) at time T2. Conclusion:
      The data showed that the practice of dancing allows pupils to develop
      their potential and overcome their personal difficulties. In conclusion our hypothesis
      was confirmed, and dance – therapy can be used to increase effects
      of motivational perception.
      PubDate: 2021-04-22
       
  • Analysis of the Dynamics of the Basic Technical and Physical Training on
           Uneven Bars in Women’s Artistic Gymnastics

    • Authors: Forminte Valerian Nicolae, Grosu Vlad Teodor, Micu Ramona, Cosma Liliana, Potop Vladimir
      Pages: 42 - 56
      Abstract: Purpose. This paper makes an analysis of the basic technical and physical
      training on uneven bars in women’s artistic gymnastics. Methods. A study
      was carried out in the Romanian national team of women’s artistic gymnastics,
      with a group of 14 gymnasts aged 13-16. The study was conducted
      from 2017 (initial testing) to 2018 (final testing). The physical training (PT)
      was assessed by means of 10 physical tests and the basic technical training
      (TT) by 8 tests. Performance capacity (PC) on uneven bars was monitored
      in competitions too. Statistical analysis was made with KyPlot program, using
      descriptive indicators and the parametric method Paired Comparison for
      Means, at p<0.05. Results. The comparative analysis of PT indicators highlights
      an improvement of muscle strength development and significant differences
      at p<0.05 in holding a handstand (physical test - PT3), power handstand
      (PT4), alternating one-legged squats (PT5), long jump (PT8) and push-ups (PT10). The comparative analysis results of basic TT indicators reveal an
      improved execution in final testing at p<0.001, p<0.01 and <0.05, except for
      elements with flight phase on the same bar (technical test - TT4) - p>0.05.
      The PC results highlight the elements difficulty increase (p<0.05), the execution
      decrease, the final score increase and p>0.05. Conclusions. The use of a
      physical training program (per muscle groups, both in the first and the second
      training) and preparatory exercises for each technical requirement on uneven
      bars showed the dynamics of muscle groups strength development according
      to the results obtained in competitions.
      PubDate: 2021-04-22
       
  • Teacher Physical Education Major Factor in Motivating Pupils

    • Authors: Ervis Peza, Edlira Huqi1
      Pages: 57 - 68
      Abstract: Abstract
      Introduction: Motivation is closely related to creating an active attitude and
      ensures more active involvement of pupils in the learning process, where it
      increases the security of the individual’s vital involvement in general physical
      education activities. This requires the teacher to look for more innovative
      methods to ensure that students are actively involved in the learning organization
      process. The purpose of this paper review is to analyze literature in
      the field of teaching psychology as well as from the field of teaching, with
      a spectrum related to their motives, attitudes and connections with teacher
      strategies, to provide an analysis with conclusions on the most appropriate
      ways which would help improve the active involvement of pupils in physical
      education. Methodology: In order to fulfill this review are using methods
      of literature analysis, and is made combination and comparison of data from
      various works and projects of authors varied. To successfully realize this
      review paper we studied and analyzed the contemporary scientific literature
      provided by various Internet-based research sectors such as: “Jab Ref” “Pub
      Med” “Google Scholar” “Medline” “Sports Discuss” and “Research Gate”.
      The methods used are: literature analysis, physical activity statistics, conclusions
      and recommendations. Conclusions and recommendations: all the literature
      used can be clearly seen the importance of understanding motivation,
      and the factors on which it depends on the teacher. The purpose of physical
      education, ie the concept of physical education class has changed radically in all developed countries. Modern physical education should aim at strengthening
      personal traits, in preparing for an active lifestyle not only at school, but
      throughout life.
      PubDate: 2021-04-22
       
  • Strategies Used in the Stage of Learning to Swim

    • Authors: Andrei Bitang, Anca Macarie, Corina Dulceanu, Viorel Bitang
      Pages: 69 - 80
      Abstract: Introduction: The reasons that determined me to approach the topic of this
      paper is the importance of the correct mastery of swimming from an early
      age, the formation of the mentality of practicing sports in general and swimming
      in particular and the maintenance of optimal fitness. Purpose: The
      present study aims at theoretical and experimental research on the very important
      role of swimming means used in the initiation stage in children aged
      5-7 years. Thus, we tried to achieve a systematization of the most effective
      means of learning to swim, Increasing the efficiency of the preparation of
      the educational instructional process requires the establishment of precise
      finalities, of a well-objectified and optimized action system as well as the
      choice of the most efficient methods and means of action. Methodology: The
      establishment of training models as well as the judicious use of the most efficient
      methods and means specific and non-specific to swimming must lead
      to the following tasks: - appropriate mastery of the basic technical elements
      of swimming (floating, sliding, breathing) as well as the craul swimming
      process, - increasing the minimum motor qualities, - demonstration of the
      validity of the methods used and the applicability of some tests in order to
      follow the qualitative development of the motor qualities. Results. I consider
      that the focus on the technical component of sports training, especially at this
      age, when the psycho-physiological peculiarities of the subjects allow motor
      acquisitions, high receptivity, plasticity of the nervous system. the basic technical
      elements of swimming and the craul swimming process over a distance
      of 25m. Following the evolution of the arithmetic mean, we can interpret it as
      follows: the arithmetic mean of the sample included in the research has 3.93 points in the initial test, increasing it to 5.07 points in the intermediate test.
      There is a progress of 1.14 points. At the final test the average of the sample
      is 6.91 points, so we can see an improvement in performance by 2.88 points
      from the initial test. Following the evolution of amplitude (W), the simplest
      statistical indicator, we can see that if at the beginning of the experiment, the
      difference between the subjects’ scores was 2.70 points, it is reduced to
      2.30 points in the intermediate test, that in the end it reaches 2.11 points.
      Conclusion. These results show that the value differences between the subjects
      fade, the subjects mastering the basic elements in swimming and the
      craul swimming process. Following the evolution of the standard deviation,
      we observe the same homogenization of the results in the investigated sample.
      Analyzing the evolution of the variability coefficient, we observe in this
      case the tendency to homogenize the value of the subjects from the point of
      view of recorded performances.
      PubDate: 2021-04-23
       
  • Comparative Study on Multi-Joint and Single-Joint Exercises in
           Bodybuilding Economics

    • Authors: Vlad Adrian Geanta, Julien Narcis Herlo
      Pages: 81 - 92
      Abstract: Introduction. A relevant aspect of bodybuilding is that each person wants
      to improve muscle mass, or remove adipose tissue and build muscle, but this
      can only be done through a specific training program. The purpose of this
      current research is to make a comparative study between MJ and SJ exercises,
      and to see if through specific training routines, the subjects can achieve
      the proposed objectives, muscular hypertrophy or weight loss. Methods. The
      study was carried out on a number of 30 subjects divided in two groups with
      specific trainings methods. To obtain specific results, we will develop 2 training
      routines, one routine for hypertrophy based on multi-joint exercises, and
      one for weight loss based on single-joint exercises. These training structures
      will be consistent with the specific objectives, in terms of load used, number
      of repetitions and rest break. Results. Following the experiment, we recorded
      a series of significant results, regarding the HMM group, respectively the DM
      group. The most representative increases were recorded in the chest muscle
      from HMM group, with an increase of 5.86%. The smallest increase was on
      the chest on DM group, -2.57%, and in the thighs the highest of -4.15%. Conclusions.
      The hypothesis works to confirm, this allows us to affirm that it is
      possible as through a predetermined program with multi-joint exercises, and
      a program with single-joint exercises combined with cardio routines, subjects
      accumulate muscle mass, or lose weight by reducing the perimeters of body
      segments, to reach the desired physical shape.
      PubDate: 2021-04-23
       
  • Exercise Interventions on Balance in Older People: a Systematic Review

    • Authors: Vânia Azevedo Ferreira Brandão Loureiro, Carlos Paixão, Estefania Castillo-Viera
      Pages: 93 - 122
      Abstract: Introduction: Age-related changes in the sensorimotor and neuromuscular
      system negatively affect performance in static and dynamic postural control
      even in healthy older adults, leading to deficits in balance and gait performance
      with negatively impact on the functional ability of the older person.
      Regular exercise can elicit many favourable responses that contribute to balance
      improvement. Objectives: The objective of this systematic review is to
      present evidence for effectiveness of exercise interventions designed to improve
      balance in healthy older people. Methods: The studies were identified
      from four databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Sportdiscus)
      from January 2011 to January 2020. A total of 17 articles meet the
      inclusion criteria. Results: Statistically significant effects were reported for
      static and dynamic balance, translated into several balance abilities improve-ments. The most used type of exercise was the gait, balance and functional
      training, followed by the strength/resistance training. There is a lack of consensus
      regarding to balance programs methodology. Conclusion: Exercise
      appears to have beneficial effects on balance ability. We considered fundamental
      that the studies should include the specifications of the intervention
      program regarding to intensity control, exercises performed, guidelines used
      in the balance exercises and the exercise progression and variation during
      training. This information will help instructors to provided validated routine
      exercises.
      PubDate: 2021-04-23
       
  • Development of Motor Qualities Through the Specific Means of Gymnastics

    • Authors: Denis Petran
      Pages: 123 - 136
      Abstract: Introduction: The study entitled “Development of motor skills through specific
      means of gymnastics” refers mainly to the specific means of artistic
      gymnastics used by the physical education teacher for physical training and
      development of motor skills of high school students considering that gymnastics
      discipline is one of the most important parts of the physical education
      class in school. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the progress made in
      increasing the level of motor skills by using the means of artistic gymnastics
      and to present the effectiveness of these means in physical education. The
      experiment was performed at the Vasile GoldiÅŸ National College Arad for an
      interval of 6 months between January 15, 2019 and July 15, 2019. The classes
      subjected to the experiment were from the 5th A and 5th C classes from the
      above mentioned unit, 48 female students and boys between the ages of 11
      and 12. The 5th A class comprises 23 students, of which 13 girls and 10 boys,
      and the 5th C class comprises 25 students, of which 14 girls and 11 boys. Both
      classes were subjected to the same group of tests at both the initial determination
      at the beginning of the experiment and the final one. The experiment
      consisted in applying a set of exercises to the experimental group, ie to class
      V A, different from the one applied to the control group, class V C. The research
      methods used were: bibliographic study, observation method, survey,
      experiment method, test method and statistical-mathematical method. Tests
      applied in the expermient: 1.Shuttle; 2. Lumbar mobility; 3. The bridge; 4.
      Antero-posterior cord; 5. Long jump from the spot; 6. Trunk lifts from supine
      to sitting and back. Results The average values obtained by the experimental class in the tests were are following: - Shuttle I.T =11,96 ± 0,64 and to F.T
      = 11,69 ± 0,64; - Lumbar Mobility I.T = 49,3 ± 8 and to F.T = 55,43 ± 5,6;
      - Bridge I.T = 46 ± 10,4 and to F.T = 43 ± 11,2; - Split A-P I.T = 17,6 ± 9,4
      and to F.T=14,8 ± 9,5; - Jump in length from sport I.T= 163 ± 8,7 and to F.T
      = 169 ± 5,5; -Abdomen I.T = 21 ± 4,2 and to F.T = 22 ± 4,4. Compared to
      those of the control class : - Shuttle I.T = 13,03 ± 0,85 and to F.T = 12,88 ±
      0,78: - Lumbar Mobility I.T = 53,28 ± 6,32 and to F.T = 54,32 ± 6,04; -Bridge
      I.T = 50,8 ± 8,9 and to F.T = 50,1 ± 9,3; - Split A-P I.T = 23,6 ± 8,2 and to
      F.T = 23 ± 9,2; -Jump in the length I.T = 158 ± 7,8 and to F.T = 159 ± 7,3;
      - Abdomen I.T = 23 ± 4,6 and to F.T = 23 ± 4,8. The research conducted,
      through which we aimed to demonstrate the effectiveness of gymnastics in
      the physical education lesson in middle school classes, was confirmed, as can
      be deduced from the comparative table of results obtained, set out in the research
      annexes. Conclusions: Following the study, we can conclude that the
      means of gymnastics, used intensively in physical education classes, along
      with traditional means, increase students’ attendance, increase their attractiveness,
      create a motivational framework for conscious and active participation
      of students, contributing largely to increase the level of development of
      motor skills in physical education lessons. Given the results obtained, we
      recommend physical education teachers in primary and secondary school to
      introduce in their lessons as many exercises and games specific to gymnastics
      both for the harmonious physical development of students and for maintaining
      their health and mental relaxation they need during school. In this way the
      physical education lessons do not seem to be boring, they become pleasant,
      attractive.
      PubDate: 2021-04-23
       
  • Contributions to the Technical Training of Handball Players Specialized in
           the Wing Post

    • Authors: Andrei Răzvan Bernicu , Mihăilă Ion, Mihăilescu Nicolae
      Pages: 137 - 146
      Abstract: Aim: The level of performance achieved at the current stage, both internationally
      and internally, is very high and can only be achieved by players
      whose performance capability is particularly high and steadily increasing.
      The field of game technology has expanded a lot. Increasing the spectacularity
      of this game, coupled with its spread across the continents, has had
      repercussions on the organization of handball at junior level. New methods
      have emerged, which performance players perform with high craftsmanship,
      doubled by special physical qualities. Methodology : the experiment took
      place between September 2016- Juin 2017, in the city of Suceava, with 3
      players specialized on the wing position from the under 18 team Suceava
      Sports High School. During this period the team maintained its regular training
      program, the wings following our proposed program to analyze its effect
      on improving the tracking parameters. We estimate that using efficient means
      of action and adapting them to the post of the wing player will increase the
      performance of the game and individual value to handball players specializing
      in the wing. Results: the mean results recorded at the technical level,
      show good differences between initial test (IT) and final test (FT): - dribling
      among the rounds: IT= 6,21±0,009 sec., and FT= 5,80±0,02 sec.; - passing in
      two out of the way: IT= 5,16±0,005 sec., and FT= 4,80±0,01 sec.; - triangle
      shift, gate throw: IT= 12,48±0,01 and FT= 12,0±0,01, show a breakthrough
      in all the sustained samples and the statistical analysis demonstrates a homogeneity
      of the research group. Given the importance of the “wing” role in organizing and directing the field play in this paper, I presented the tasks
      in the post, determined by the action areas and the contribution in the attack
      phases. Conclusions: we can assert that the hypothesis from which I left
      is confirmed and the purposes of the work have been achieved. I think the
      study has achieved its goal by showing: optimization of the training, due to
      the selected means of action, the fulfillment of the tasks of the wings in the
      post, resulting from the registration of the actions in the attack, as well as the
      efficiency in their areas of action, as revealed by the research.
      PubDate: 2021-04-23
       
 
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