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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 216 journals)
Showing 1 - 3 of 3 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Facultatis Educationis Physicae Universitatis Comenianae     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Periodica Duellatorum     Open Access  
ACTIVE : Journal of Physical Education, Sport, Health and Recreation     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Advances in Physical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ágora para la Educación Física y el Deporte     Open Access  
Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
Annals of Applied Sport Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Exercise in Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arena-Journal of Physical Activities     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arquivos de Ciências do Esporte     Open Access  
Arquivos em Movimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arrancada     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Athletic Training & Sports Health Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Australian and New Zealand Sports Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Berkeley Journal of Entertainment and Sports Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical Human Kinetics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Cerdas Sifa Pendidikan : Sport Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Citius, Altius, Fortius     Open Access  
Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Coaching Psykologi : The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
College Athletics and The Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communication & Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Comparative Exercise Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Conexões     Open Access  
Corpoconsciência     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cultura, Ciencia y Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Curriculum Studies in Health and Physical Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
E-balonmano.com: Revista de Ciencias del Deporte     Open Access  
Educación Física y Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Educación física y deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
eJRIEPS : Ejournal de la recherche sur l'intervention en éducation physique et sport     Open Access  
European Journal for Sport and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Sport Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Physical Education and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
FairPlay, Revista de Filosofia, Ética y Derecho del Deporte     Open Access  
Footwear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Forum for Idræt, Historie og Samfund     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Sports and Active Living     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fruits     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Gambling Research: Journal of the National Association for Gambling Studies (Australia)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Gelanggang Pendidikan Jasmani Indonesia     Open Access  
German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research : Sportwissenschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
GISAP : Culturology, Sports and Art History     Open Access  
Gymnasium : Revista de Educação Física, Desporto e Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Human Movement     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
İnönü Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
International Journal of Computer Science in Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Exercise Science     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of Golf Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Kinesiology and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Recreation and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Science Culture and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
International Journal of Sport Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Sport Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Sport, Exercise & Training Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
International Journal of the History of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Review for the Sociology of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Sport Coaching Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Sports Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Isokinetics and Exercise Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Jeffrey S. Moorad Sports Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jendela Olahraga     Open Access  
Journal for the Measurement of Physical Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Amateur Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Sport Management: Research that Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Athlete Development and Experience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Athletic Enhancement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Athletic Training     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Caffeine Research: The International Multidisciplinary Journal of Caffeine Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Global Sport Management     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Human Kinetics     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Human Sport and Exercise     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Intercollegiate Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Motor Learning and Development     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62)
Journal of Physical Activity Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Physical Education and Human Movement     Open Access  
Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physical Education and Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Physical Education and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Physical Education Health and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Science and Cycling     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Science in Sport and Exercise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Sport & Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Sport and Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Sport History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Sport Psychology in Action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Sport Sciences and Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Sports Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sports Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences : Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sports Medicine and Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of the Philosophy of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Juara : Jurnal Olahraga     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Abdimas     Open Access  
Jurnal Keolahragaan     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Kesehatan Rekreasi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Sport Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kerbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kinesiology : International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Kinesiology     Open Access  
Kinesiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Managing Sport and Leisure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Marquette Sports Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Martial Arts Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Materiales para la historia del deporte     Open Access  
mensch & pferd international     Full-text available via subscription  
MHSalud : Movimiento Humano y Salud     Open Access  
New Approaches in Sport Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
New Zealand Physical Educator     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
NINE : A Journal of Baseball History and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Open Sports Sciences Journal     Open Access  
Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Pace Intellectual Property, Sports & Entertainment Law Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
PALAESTRA : Adapted Sport, Physical Education, and Recreational Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Pamukkale Journal of Sport Sciences     Open Access  
Perceptual and Motor Skills     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Physical Education and Sport Through the Centuries     Open Access  
Physical Education of Students     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Physician and Sportsmedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Podium Sport, Leisure and Tourism Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part P: Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Qualitative Research in Sport and Exercise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Quality in Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Quest     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
RBFF - Revista Brasileira de Futsal e Futebol     Open Access  
RBNE - Revista Brasileira de Nutrição Esportiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research on ٍEducational Sport     Open Access  
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport     Hybrid Journal  
Retos : Nuevas Tendencias en Educación Física, Deportes y Recreación     Open Access  
Revista Andaluza de Medicina del Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Brasileira de Ciências do Esporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Brasileira do Esporte Coletivo     Open Access  
Revista da Educação Física : UEM     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas     Open Access  
Revista de Psicología del Deporte     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Psicología del Ejercicio y el Deporte     Open Access  
Revista Intercontinental de Gestão Desportiva     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte : International Journal of Medicine and Science of Physical Activity and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Science & Motricité     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Science and Medicine in Football     Hybrid Journal  
Seton Hall Journal of Sports and Entertainment Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
SIPATAHOENAN : South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education     Open Access  
Soccer & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Sociology of Sport Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Spor Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi     Open Access  
Spor Bilimleri Dergisi / Hacettepe Journal of Sport Sciences     Open Access  
Spor Eğitim Dergisi     Open Access  
Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi / Ondokuz Mayıs University Journal of Sports and Performance Researches     Open Access  
Sport and Art     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sport and Fitness Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Sport Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Sport History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sport i Turystyka : Środkowoeuropejskie Czasopismo Naukowe     Open Access  
Sport in History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sport Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Sport Management Education Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sport Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Sport Sciences     Open Access  
SPORT TK-Revista EuroAmericana de Ciencias del Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sport und Gesellschaft. Zeitschrift für Sportsoziologie, Sportphilosophie, Sportökonomie, Sportgeschichte     Hybrid Journal  
Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Sport- und Präventivmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sportif Bakış : Spor ve Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sporting Traditions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sportis. Scientific Journal of School Sport, Physical Education and Psychomotricity     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
SPORTIVE : Journal Of Physical Education, Sport and Recreation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sportphysio     Hybrid Journal  
Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sports Coaching Review     Hybrid Journal  

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Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.163
Number of Followers: 19  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1988-5202
Published by Universidad de Alicante Homepage  [8 journals]
  • Validity and reliability evaluation of the multidimensional Japanese
           athletic identity measurement scale

    • Authors: Goichi Hagiwara
      Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the 7-item multidimensional Japanese Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS). Participants: In total, 1514 male Japanese students participated in this study. Measures: Athletic identity was measured using the Japanese AIMS (Hagiwara & Isogai, 2013). Analysis: Scale reliability and validity was confirmed by Cronbach’s alpha and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The CFA fit estimation utilized the goodness-of-fit index (GFI), adjusted goodness-of-fit index (AGFI), comparative fit index (CFI), and root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA). The results indicated an adequate fit for the Japanese athletes relative to Brewer and Cornelius’s (2001) three first-order factors (i.e., social identity, exclusivity, negative affectivity) subordinate to one higher-order athletic identity factor: GFI = .98, AGFI = .94, CFI = .99, RMSEA = .05. The internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha) of the items comprising the multidimensional Japanese AIMS was acceptable. This study thus developed a multidimensional Japanese AIMS, which can be used to measure three aspects of a Japanese athlete’s identity, thereby potentially providing further insight into his or her identification with the athletic role.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:44 +020
       
  • Analysis of parents’ behaviour in grassroots football from a
           systematic observation

    • Authors: Pere Palou; David Pulido, Pere Antoni Borràs, Francisco Javier Ponseti
      Abstract: A significant number of investigations highlight that parents possess a great potential to influence positively or negatively the sport experience of their children. It is necessary to emphasize that they can also perform an astonishing number of inappropriate behaviours during the course of their sons’ sport events. In this investigation, the management, pressure, comprehension and active participation comments performed by parents in grassroots football matches have been analysed through the systematic observation. Twelve teams have been observed which belong to the 2nd division league of U-15 in the Balearic Islands (Spain) during 2016-17 season through 12 recordings. These comments were coded by trained observers using LINCE® recording software and POISE (Parents’ Observation Instrument at Sport Events) (Kidman and McKenzie, 1996). The results show that neutral comments are the most notorious followed by positives and negatives. In conclusion, it must be mentioned that the relevance of this study is double: (1) It provides objective data about comments done by parents-spectators during the matches of their children; (2) it adds necessary information to carry out a systematic observation of parents and spectators in grassroots sport from the grandstands.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:44 +020
       
  • Physical activity and sport: post-COVID19

    • Authors: José Antonio Pérez-Turpin; María José Gomis-Gomis
      Abstract: Dear Editor:With the horizon of a new normal around the corner, physical activity and sport have proven to be one of the best weapons to combat this period of forced confinement, which has left a new stage of health, physical activity, and sports, where these four signs of identity that are here to stay receive more value than ever:1.-) Health care through motor skills, as a substantial and obligatory value for the entire society, multiplying the options of all professionals and companies related to health. In this first sign of identity, we would like to point out the turn that the economy must establish towards the construction of an authentic identity of valuation of healthy movement, above old trends that have underestimated the value of physical activity towards health. Today no one has doubts, and this is how many scientific publications refute it, about the incalculable value of motor skills as the backbone of universal public health. In this sense, research on how important physical activity is as a better shield against cancer, or the strengthening of the immune system through regularized physical activity, stands out, adding the different longitudinal studies that prescribe a greater life expectancy from moving.2.-) Protecting the environment starting on sports practice. One of the great threats of our new world is the degradation of the planet and its link with health problems. In this section, it's essential to have an ecological vision of our new post-COVID19 era. We must have a commitment to this planet that has given us so much and asked so little in return. With this, physical activity and sport abroad will become very important, not only because of its influence on our health but also because of the necessary care for its ecological protection. We will see a boom in motor transport, an increase in sports practices in the environment, and finally use of clean energy-related to physical-sports practice.3.-) Technological advances in physical activity and sport are here to stay. From whatever perspective we choose as an example, this confinement has shown that the face-to-face way in which we were living, turns out many situations and activities aren't strictly necessary, but that online communication has gained value and will be invaluable in this new society post-COVID19. From total connectivity, in terms of the individual's health and physical performance parameters, or from sports education in a virtual way, we have realized the potential of today's technological advances, which will enable us through artificial intelligence be able to anticipate what can happen. This technological spectrum is the great Pandora's box for the improvement of our population, for a society that was crying out for a change in teaching and sports practice, in physical activity and quality of life and even in sports performance.4.-) Scientific knowledge as the only way of physical activity and sport. If this humanitarian crisis has demonstrated anything, it's the value of the scientific community as the only true and credible source of our society. For a long time in Spain, many authors have defended the idea that we cannot advance if we don't believe in R + D + I (Research, Development, and Innovation) but now the time has come, where it is essential for physical activity and sports science. With an economic crisis on the horizon and with a need to rebrand ourselves, scientific knowledge is gaining more and more ground, which must be conquered, with advice, studies and reports, and basic and applied research. Sports club, sports company or public entity must be based on scientific knowledge, it's no longer valid just the old way, I have the money, so I buy. Now the rules have changed, we must optimize what we have and continue to provide opportunities for each element that makes up our society.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:44 +020
       
  • The analysis of the results of the Olympic free-style wrestling champions

    • Authors: Mykola Latyshev; Sergii Latyshev, Georgiy Korobeynikov, Oleh Kvasnytsya, Victor Shandrygos, Yuriy Dutchak
      Abstract: The successful and effective management of sports training is impossible without the justified forecasting. The retrospective analysis of the sport career of elite sportsmen allows to identify interconnections of the competitions – results on various stages of the sporting career. Analysis of papers showed, there are no researches which would analyse the highest-level sportsmen in wrestling – Olympic champions. Aim of the research – to analyse results of the Olympic champions in wrestling from 1996 to the present day and to discover the main trends and regularities. The analysis included 41 sport careers of winners in freestyle wrestling of the six Olympic Games from 1996 to 2016. The results of wrestlers on international competitions into the four age stages are analysed: the pre-junior age, junior age, senior until the victory at the Olympic Games and a time period after the victory. The majority of the sportsmen (90.3 %) win only once and participate in the OG only once or twice (90.2 %). The retrospective analysis has shown that 48.8 % of wrestlers-champions have performed at the international stage at the cadets age, and 85.4 % of sportsmen at the junior age, over 90 % of them have taken the winning places. Prior to the victory at the Olympic Games 87.8 % of the sportsmen take part at the continental championships, all of them have won medals. And 82.9 % have participated at the world championships, and 91.2 % of them have taken places from 1 to 3.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:43 +020
       
  • Bibliometric analysis of scientific production in badminton

    • Authors: Juan Carlos Blanca-Torres; Enrique Ortega, Pantelis T. Nikolaidis, Gema Torres-Luque
      Abstract: The aim of the present study was to analyse the scientific production in the sport of badminton. Publications were collected from the main collection of “Web of Science” platform, specifically from Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) and Art & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI) databases for the period 2007-2017, obtaining a total of 122 items. The analysis assessed annual trend of published articles from 2007 to 2017, country distribution of publications, first author’s institution distribution of publications, first author’s productivity, average number of authors per article, major journals, average number of citations per article, thematic area, sample characteristics and modality. Among the most relevant conclusions are the number of publications on badminton has increased significantly from 2007 to 2017, more specifically in the last 4 years (2014-2017); Asian and European countries have the highest productivity index, both continents with great trend in badminton, coinciding, in turn, with institutions and first authors; health and training are the most studied thematic areas, whose main disciplines are sports medicine and theory of sports training. This type of studies provides baseline information on future research directions in badminton.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:43 +020
       
  • Effects of an educational intervention regarding fair play on sports team
           coaches

    • Authors: Pere Palou Sampol; José Manuel Bermejo Díaz, Pere Antoni Borràs Rotger, Francisco Javier Ponseti Verdaguer
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to analyse the effectiveness of an intervention program aimed at coaches to evaluate their attitude in favour of fair play in sports, aspects such as fun, the need to win, antisocial behaviours (hard play, gamesmanship, and cheating) in young athletes of the Balearic Islands. The sample includes soccer, basketball and volleyball teams with a total of 1097 participants (854 boys and 243 girls) with an average age of 12.50 years and an age range between 10-16 years of the categories novice, juvenile and cadet of the 2016-2017 season, to which the adapted Spanish version of the Sport Deception Disposition Questionnaire (CDED) and the Fair Play Attitude Scale (EAF) was administered at two different times (pretest-posttest). The results show that young athletes value sport positively as fun at both moments of the season. The intervention program works, although not significantly, in the reduction of antisocial behaviours of victory, gamesmanship and cheating. With regard to sex, men obtain higher results in the so-called antisocial behaviours of sport in the first phase of the program, while women obtain greater results in pro-social sports behaviours. In a novel way, women obtain higher scores in hard play and cheating in the second phase of the program.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:42 +020
       
  • Values-based education: The development of a questionnaire

    • Authors: Eridiola Buzi; Juel Jarani, Mehmet Türegün, Angelo Macaro, Emanuele Isidori
      Abstract: This study focuses on the development of an instrument that measures and evaluates the Attitudes of Children towards Values in Physical Education (ACHV-PE) class. This research is a collection of four phases. The first phase focused on content validity and item construction of the questionnaire. The second phase was a pilot-testing of the instrument to a group of students. Lastly, (n = 449) students from seven International Schools located in Tirana, Albania, and Rome, Italy were recruited for the third and the fourth phases. These two phases were based on Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis, to assess and confirm the factor structure. From our data, Kaiser–Meyer–Olkin value was .870, and Bartlett's test of sphericity was significant (p < .001). The CFA demonstrated a good model fit index. From the results obtained in each phase, we established the content validity and reliability of the ACHV-PE questionnaire with 17 items.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:42 +020
       
  • Physical activity and affect of the elderly: Contribution to the
           validation of the Positive and Negative Affect Shedule (PANAS) in the
           Portuguese population

    • Authors: Raul Antunes; Nuno Couto, Anabela Vitorino, Diogo Monteiro, Daniel A. Marinho, Luís Cid
      Abstract: The concept of affect corresponds to the emotional dimension of subjective well-being (Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985). It is represented by two dimensions (negative affect and positive affect), which were the basis of the development of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule - PANAS (Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988). It was translated and validated for the Portuguese population by Galinha and Pais-Ribeiro (2005b). Nevertheless, because the Portuguese version was not validated in a sample of Portuguese elderly, the goals of this study consisted in the translation of the scale (PANAS) from the original version of 20 items and the validation of its measurement model (including a shortened version) for a sample of Portuguese elderly (n = 311), aged 60 years or older (M = 68.53; DP = 6.69); it was then tested by a confirmatory factorial analysis. The results demonstrated that the measurement model (two factors and 10 items) of the shortened Portuguese version of the PANAS presented acceptable psychometric qualities, which adjusted to the data in a satisfactory way (factorial weights ranging between .57 and .70 in positive affect and between .52 and .68 in negative affect). We also concluded that older adults who practice more physical activity perceive higher levels of positive affect F(2, 297) = 3,78, p < .05; η2 = .025, and lower levels of negative affect F (2, 297) = 6.24, p < .001; η2 = .040).
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:41 +020
       
  • Multilateral methodology in physical education improves coping skills,
           resilience and physical fitness in drug addicts

    • Authors: Francesco Fischetti; Stefania Cataldi, Piergiorgio Di Terlizzi, Gianpiero Greco
      Abstract: Drug addiction may cause health problems and social exclusion. Therefore, we investigated the effects of 8-week multilateral physical education intervention (i.e., aerobic-anaerobic exercise at moderate-intensity plus behavioural training), as an adjunct to treatment for drug dependent patients, on psychological and physical fitness variables. 34 male participants (19-71 years) were assigned to an experimental group (n = 17) that performed multilateral intervention, or a control group (n = 17) that did not. At baseline and after 8-week, COPE-NVI, CD-RISC and physical fitness tests assessed coping skills, resilience and fitness levels. Adherence to exercise was 100% and, after intervention, significant improvements (p < .05) in the skills and strategies adopted to cope with stressful events and ability to deal with negative experiences were found. In addition, the physical fitness components as static and dynamic balance, anaerobic power and coordination, and endurance of the upper body musculature significantly improved (p < .05) in experimental group. Findings highlighted the positive relationship between increased physical fitness and improved functional and adaptive modalities used to cope with stressful events and negative experiences. Therefore, multilateral intervention could improve mental and physical wellbeing in drug addicts by proving to be a key tool in promoting social inclusion.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:41 +020
       
  • The effect of slackline training on balance performance in healthy male
           children

    • Authors: Carlo Ferri-Marini; Francesco Lucertini, Manuela Valentini, Ario Federici
      Abstract: Slackline has been proposed as a challenging and motivating tool for balance training. However, the transferability of balance performances among different balance tasks has been questioned. This study aimed to assess if slackline training affects dynamic and static balance performances on stable and unstable surfaces. Eighteen healthy males (8 to 14 years) were randomly assigned to an experimental or control group. For six weeks, both groups performed several supervised sports activities (2-hour sessions, 3 sessions per week). Additionally, the experimental group underwent a slackline-based balance training (1-hour sessions, 3 sessions per week). The dynamic and static balance were tested before and after the interventions using the Bass test (BASS) and the Stork stand test (SST), respectively. Landing (BASSlanding) and balance (BASSbalance) components of the dynamic balance were evaluated, while the static balance was assessed with eyes open (SSTopen) and closed (SSTclosed) on a stable surface, and with eyes open on an air cushion (SSTac). Two-way mixed-design ANOVAs revealed no interaction effect between time and group allocation in BASSlanding (p = .791), BASSbalance (p = .641), and right leg SSTopen (p = .177), SSTclosed (p = .076) and SSTac (p = .039), and left leg SSTopen (p = .100) and SSTclosed (p = .032). There was a significant interaction on left leg SSTac (p = .004), showing higher improvements over time in the experimental (mean improvement = 4.5 seconds, p < .001) compared to the control group (mean improvement = 0.9 seconds, p = .236). In conclusion, slackline balance training yielded no or negligible improvements on dynamic balance performances, whereas the improvements seemed higher on static balance, especially when measured on an unstable surface.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:41 +020
       
  • Effect of ankle taping on the ankle muscle strength in young healthy women

    • Authors: SoungKyun Hong; Eun-Hye Lee, Ha-Ra Eom, Cheol-Kyeong Yeom, So-Yeon Park, Ye-Bin Jeong, GyuChang Lee
      Abstract: Of the various approaches to manage or prevent injuries on the ankle joint, Kinesio taping improves static posture stability, stimulating the neuromuscular control system. This study aims to investigate of ankle taping on the peak torque and average power of ankle muscle in young heathy women. Taping was applied to the extensor digitorum, tibialis anterior, gastrocnemius, soleus of the ankle in 16 healthy women. Isokinetic measurement of the dorsiflexion and plantarflexion patterns were recorded before and after taping. As a result of this study, the pre-post isokinetic parameters improved significantly for plantarflexion (p < .05) while those for dorsiflexion did not. Through this study, it was found out that ankle taping improved the muscle power of the plantarflexor of young healthy women, and it is expected that applying ankle taping would help young healthy women.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:40 +020
       
  • Gender differences in body image dissatisfaction: The role of physical
           education and sport

    • Authors: Francesco Fischetti; Francesca Latino, Stefania Cataldi, Gianpiero Greco
      Abstract: Body image is a multidimensional construct encompassing how we perceive, think, feel, and act toward our bodies and lies on a continuum from healthy body perceptions to unhealthy body perceptions. Previous researches suggest that adolescent girls experience higher levels of body dissatisfaction than do their male counterparts. Therefore, the aim of this research was to investigate on gender differences concerning the perceived body dissatisfaction and uneasiness by adolescents and the role played by the physical education in the process of positive development of the mental representation of the corporeity. 100 students (14-15 years) participated voluntarily in the study and were assigned to trained group (n = 50; 25M, 25F) regularly practicing sports outside the school hours, or untrained group (n = 50; 25M, 25F) did not practice any extracurricular physical activity in the period before the study. After anthropometric measurements (BMI), two standardized psychological tests to assess the degree of personal satisfaction towards their body were administered (i.e., Body uneasiness test (BUT) and contour drawing rating scale (CDRS)). BUT and CDRS scores were significantly lower for total trained group and trained females (p < .05). Also, total trained group and males and females trained showed a significant lower BMI (p < .05), whereas no significant difference was observed between the untrained and trained males for BUT and CDRS. Findings showed a better body-size perception and a smaller body uneasiness by trained adolescents. Moreover, girls showed anyway a greater dissatisfaction and uneasiness with the external appearance compared to their male counterpart.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:40 +020
       
  • Movement prototypes and their relationship in the performance of a
           gymnastics floor routine

    • Authors: Melanie Mack; Sarah Federbusch, Melanie Ferber, Thomas Heinen
      Abstract: For a better understanding of complex gymnastics performances, on the one hand, it is relevant to analyse isolated time discrete parameters, but on the other hand, it is also relevant to analyse the time-course of gymnastics skills and sequences holistically. Thus, the purpose of this study was to realize a holistic examination of a gymnastics floor routine (round off, back handspring, backward layout somersault) with an innovative approach of analysing time continuous data using a cluster analysis. Fifty-eight floor routine trials from ten female near-expert gymnasts were analysed on their movement kinematics. Time courses of six joint angles, together with the trunk orientation angle, were analysed by means of a hierarchical cluster analysis. In addition, the coefficients of variation were calculated. The results of this study revealed that for near-expert gymnasts, three to four prototypical movement patterns could be identified for each of the three skills (round off, back handspring, backward layout somersault). The different prototypical movement patterns can be differentiated by certain variant and invariant characteristics, such as the time courses of the different joint angles and their coefficients of variation. Statistically significant relationships were found between prototypes of the different gymnastics skills. In light of the training process in gymnastics, the study provides further evidence for strongly considering gymnasts’ movement pattern as well as for focusing on particular movement characteristics rather than on particular gymnastics skills in regard to motor skill acquisition and optimization.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:39 +020
       
  • Evaluating static postural control in subjects with controlled-diabetes
           mellitus II

    • Authors: Martin G. Rosario; Aneesah Hyder, Elizabeth Orozco, José G. Vélez Bartolomei, Carlos Lebrón Quiñones, Flavia Bayron
      Abstract: Diabetes and neuropathy have been linked to postural instability. Aims: The purpose of this study is to determine how each system involved in balance is affected when challenged in a static standing posture. The goal was to identify postural instability by measuring balance through the amount of sway and weight bearing distribution in non-neuropathic controlled type II diabetics. Methods: Twelve participants (five males and seven females) with controlled type II diabetes mellitus and no history of peripheral neuropathy (Non-PN cDMII) formed the diabetic group, whereas eighteen participants (7 males and 11 females) without type II diabetes formed the control group. The exclusion criteria was applied via a series of screening tests (Berg Balance Scale, Five Times Sit To Stand Test, Functional Reach Test and Monofilament Test). Postural stability and weight distribution during quiet standing were measured using a Tekscan Matscan pressure mat, which measured the amount of sway and weight distribution. Static postural control was evaluated during eight sensory conditions that perturbed or stimulated the visual, proprioceptive, and vestibular systems. Results: Postural control was found to be significantly deficient when the vestibular system was stimulated, whereas the proprioceptive system was perturbed. After the data analysis, there was a significant difference in antero-posterior sway (p = .05) with the following tasks: eyes open with head movements on an unstable surface, and eyes closed with head movements on a firm surface. Conclusions: The results revealed that the experimental group with type II diabetes had greater postural instability when compared to the control group during tasks with the vestibular system on an unstable surface. This demonstrates that, due to their deficits, individuals with non-PN cDMII are unable to maintain their balance when the vestibular and proprioceptive systems are challenged simultaneously.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:39 +020
       
  • Modification of the cardiometabolic risk and quality of life through an
           exercise program on Mexican breast cancer survivors

    • Authors: Andrea Pegueros-Pérez; Rebeca Salas-Romero, Ariadna del Villar-Morales, José G. Franco-Sánchez
      Abstract: Background: Survival to breast cancer has increased all over the world; however, secondary and long-term side effects which may increase cardiometabolic risk (CMR) and deteriorate the quality of life of survivors may occur to oncological treatments. The objective of this work was to evaluate the modification of these factors after a combined and progressive exercise program. Methods: Self-controlled clinical study. Women younger than 65 years old, survivors of breast cancer, and with authorization from their oncologist signed an informed consent and followed a combined and progressive exercise program of 24 weeks. The CMR was evaluated with biochemical, anthropometric and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) parameters; the quality of life was evaluated (questionnaires SF-36 and FACT-B) at the beginning and end of the program. Descriptive statistics and evidence of Wilcoxon sign test were used (p < .05, SPSS v20.0 Windows). Results: Thirty women, 52 year-olds with a body mass index (BMI) of 28.9 kg/m2 were evaluated. After 24 weeks there was a significant improvement for the CRF with an increase of 2.9 METs and 10.1 mL*kg-1*min-1, and for the quality of life with an increase of 9.0 and 11.1 points (SF-36 and FACT- B respectively). The BMI decreased 1.1 kg/m2, the waist 3.7 cm, the fat mass 3.0% and the muscle mass increased 2.9%. Conclusions: The exercise program decreased the CMR by increasing CRF, improving body composition and decreasing abdominal fat mass; these results lead to the perception of a better quality of life.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:38 +020
       
  • Temporal increase in muscle cross-sectional area as an acute effect of
           resistance exercise in resistance-trained and untrained individuals

    • Authors: Masahiro Goto; Hitoshi Kumada, Chikako Maeda, Yoshihiro Yamashina, Yosuke Yamato, Hiroto Honda, Hiroki Aoyama, Takafumi Hamaoka
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to compare the temporal increase in muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) as the acute response of resistance exercise (RE) between resistance-trained and untrained groups and investigate the factors that affect the muscle CSA. Resistance-trained (n = 14) and untrained (n = 14) subjects performed four kinds of triceps brachii RE. Muscle CSA and intracellular hydration (IH), were measured prior to and 5-, 30-, and 60-minute after RE. Pearson's correlation coefficient was calculated to clarify the relationships among percent increases in muscle CSA and IH, area under the Oyx-Hb curve, blood lactate concentration, and % maximum voluntary contraction (MVC)-root-mean-square (RMS) of electromyogram (EMG). At 5-minute after RE, muscle CSA increased significantly to 120.2 ± 6.3% in the resistance-trained group and 105.5 ± 2.3% in the untrained group (p < .01). However, neither group showed a significant difference between the values before and 30-minute after RE. In the resistance-trained group, there was a significant increase in IH at 5-minute post-RH (p < .01), and correlations were found between percent increases in muscle CSA and IH (r = 0.70, p < .01), area under the Oxy-Hb curve (r = 0.77, p < .01), and % MVC-RMS of EMG (r = 0.72, p < .01). The findings of this study suggest that measurements of muscle CSA in studies of muscle hypertrophy should be performed 30-minute or more after the last resistance exercise session, and muscle pump exercises should be conducted just before participation in bodybuilding, and physique contests.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:38 +020
       
  • Offensive and defensive efficacy among male and female elite foil fencers

    • Authors: Nikolaos Kontochristopoulos; Charilaos Tsolakis
      Abstract: Fencing is a combat sport, where beyond physical and physiological demands, strategy and tactics are crucial factors in order to identify fencers’ performance. Fencers’ tactical movements can be separated in preparatory actions and final actual offensive (attacks) and defensive (parries and counterattacks) actions. The aim of this study is to analyse the tactical choices of elite male and female qualifiers foil fencers in finals and semi-finals bouts of the 2016-17 FIE (International Fencing Federation) competitions. Attacking and defending points were recorded, compared with the type of point, the section thrusts were landed and the time period they were noted. The present study revealed significant difference between offensive and defensive efficacy in both male (p < .003) and female fencers (p = .019). Male fencers showed greater activation than women (p = .003), finishing their bouts much earlier (p = .000), since they needed less time to accomplish an actual action (p = .001). In conclusion, male could be characterized as ‘’permanently pressing’’ fencers, while female adopted a ‘’manoeuvring-attacking’’ style, since male fencers had greater percentage of total actions on the middle section of the piste (p = .011) and female fencers had greater number of defending actions on the back section (p = .033), respectively.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:37 +020
       
  • Maximal sprints within the warm-up does not affect pacing or performance
           in a 10 km cycle time trial

    • Authors: Jort Veen; Mark Corbett, Andrew Renfree
      Abstract: This study investigated the effects of the inclusion of a post activation potentiation (PAP) specific warm-up (WU) consisting of all-out sprints on 10-kilometre cycling time trial (10 km-TT) pacing and performance. Following familiarization, thirteen well-trained male participants performed two 10 km cycle laboratory time trials following warm-ups that included either four 8 seconds (s) maximal sprints, or a matched total work performed at a constant exercise intensity. Power output (PO), heart rate (HR), and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were measured throughout and blood lactate (BLa) 3 minutes post exercise. There were no significant differences in total performance time, PO in any 2 km segment, RPE, or post-exercise BLa between conditions. Some significant differences (p < .05) were observed in heart rate and cadence between 2 km segments. Addition of four all-out sprints to the WU did not improve 10 km time trial performance or alter pacing strategy displayed. This suggests that maximal sprinting in a warming up might not be an effective strategy to improve cycling time trial endurance performance.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:37 +020
       
  • Predictors of long-distance race performance in master runners

    • Authors: Emma J. Lee; Eric M. Snyder, Christopher J. Lundstrom
      Abstract: Peak aerobic power (V ̇O2peak) and parameters related to training are associated with long-distance running performance in master athletes. Running economy (RE) predicts performance in younger runners, but its relationship to racing ability in older athletes is unclear. Allometrically scaled RE (alloV ̇O2; ml kg-0.66 min-1), energy cost (EC; kcal kg-1 km-1), and percent of V ̇O2peak (%V ̇O2peak) required in a submaximal bout represent RE more accurately than V ̇O2 does. The VDOT score, estimating V ̇O2peak and RE, can be used to compare races of different distances. Purpose: To determine predictors of temperature-converted VDOT in master runners training for a long-distance race (10-26.2 mi). Methods: Twenty-three master runners (age 57±9 years; eight females) performed treadmill marathon-intensity-effort (MIE) and V ̇O2peak tests within four weeks of their goal race. The MIE occurred at 88% of predicted maximum heart rate, which corresponds to estimated marathon intensity. Participants completed online training-history surveys. Forward stepwise multiple linear regression was used to find key predictors of VDOT. The alpha level for significance was .05. Results: Converted VDOT was significantly associated with 3-year peak weekly training distance (3YP) (r = 0.454, p = .039), V ̇O2peak (r = 0.845, p = .000), alloV ̇O2 (r = 0.623, p = .005), and EC (r = -0.528, p = .018). The best-fitting model included V ̇O2peak and 3YP (r = 0.898). Conclusion: Physiological and training factors are related to race performance in master runners. The best predictors of VDOT are V ̇O2peak and 3YP. Training to enhance these variables may improve distance-running performance in masters.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:37 +020
       
  • Analysis of the shots in positions 1 and 2 in even situational framework
           during the World Championship of Barcelona 2013

    • Authors: Yurema Sabio Lago; Josep Cabedo Sanromà, Myriam Guerra-Balic, Francisco Manuel Argudo Iturriaga
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was, on one hand, to know if the left-handed players were more effective in the goal categories and getting positive actions in 1 and 2 position than the right-handed in the same offense position in Even Situational Framework (FJa). On the other hand, to know if the shots in 1 and 2 position were less effective than the rest of the positions in the goal categories. The methodology was observational, multidimensional, nomothetic and punctual. The sample was all the throws of 24 games (12 male and 12 female) in the 2013 World Championship in Barcelona using an ad hoc instrument for observation through the SportCode software, which was also used to record the data. Descriptives and Chi-square test were obtained and the conclusions are that the left-handed players are more effective if we relate them to the goal categories and positive actions from positions 1 and 2. However, the righties are more effective if we only see the categories related with the goal.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:36 +020
       
  • Personality traits of handball goalkeepers

    • Authors: Frowin Fasold; Valentin Inzenhofer, Karina Lingner, Benjamin Noël, Stefanie Klatt
      Abstract: Goalkeeping in handball puts special demands on the athletes. Whereas on-court strain and conditional demands of the goalkeeper position are already intensively investigated, research on handball goalkeepers’ personality traits is still lacking. In this study, the sport specific personality structure of male handball goalkeepers (N = 81) on competitive and leisure sport level was assessed for the first time, using a version of the BFI-10 adapted to the sport context. In comparison to the normal population, handball goalkeepers proved to be more conscientious, more neurotic, and less open for new experiences. A relation of the trait conscientiousness and the performance level became visible; goalkeepers on higher performance levels showed higher conscientiousness values. The current investigation presents a sport specific personality profile of handball goalkeepers for the first time, whereby derivations, for example, for the construction of talent diagnostic have to be seen more critical. The results of the current study provide the basis for further research which should, amongst others, especially focus on the comparison of the personality structure of goalkeepers and field players.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Jun 2020 08:29:36 +020
       
 
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