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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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Journal of Intercollegiate Sport
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1941-6342 - ISSN (Online) 1941-417X
Published by U of Kansas Homepage  [20 journals]
  • Longitudinal Analysis of Head Coach Turnover of Women’s NCAA D-I
           Teams

    • Authors: Nicole LaVoi, Hannah Silva-Breen
      Pages: 1 - 27
      Abstract: The goal of the current study was to add to existing literature pertaining to occupational turnover of sport coaches through examination of longitudinal data of head coaches of women’s teams in select NCAA Division-I conferences. The current study is the first of its kind, providing longitudinal data to help prove or dispel common narratives about women coaches and illuminate patterns of gender and discrimination. The average rate of head coach turnover of NCAA Division I FBS women’s sport teams is lower than the average rate of employee turnover in the United States. Although encouraging for the entire coaching profession, discriminatory turnover patterns appear to be prevalent. Men in this sample were twice as likely as women to be coaching, regardless of the institutional reason for their departure. When men are fired, they have a greater likelihood to be rehired, especially at the same level and in the same role. Men are also afforded twice the opportunity, as they can in turn coach men, coed, or women, while women are relegated to coaching women or coed teams. Athletic departments and policy makers should use these insights to improve their coach hiring and retention practices  
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.17161/jis.v15i1.15738
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • “The Centerpiece of College Athletics”: Prioritizing Education in the
           College Sports Reform Movement

    • Authors: Aaron Miller
      Pages: 28 - 51
      Abstract: This article, which is based upon long-term fieldwork observations of a big-time women’s college basketball team, proposes reforms that would more sufficiently compensate the professional role big-time college athletes perform, all without sacrificing the educational connection that is vital to the core of college sports for men and women. It argues that colleges involved in big-time college sports should expect college athletes to be students first, allow them to earn pay for their names, images, and likenesses (NILs), and strike a better balance between providing education to athletes and entertainment to the public.
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.17161/jis.v15i1.15391
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • What It Means to “Win” in Small College Athletics: Strategic
           Contingency Theory and Alternative Success

    • Authors: Claire C. Zvosec, Jordan R. Bass
      Pages: 52 - 75
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to gain a deep understanding of how athletics success is defined and operationalized for small colleges in Division III athletics. Strategic Contingency Theory was utilized as a framework to examine and better understand how the small college athletics department operates “successfully.” The underlying premise of Strategic Contingency Theory is that an organization must adapt in order to survive. In-depth interviews were conducted with NCAA Division III Athletics Directors, campus administrators (e.g., President, Provost, Vice President for Enrollment Management), and Faculty Athletics Representatives to better understand how university and athletics administrators define athletics program success at small colleges. In all, 33 interviews were conducted across seven states at 11 different Division III institutions where student-athletes comprise 20% or more of the student body.
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.17161/jis.v15i1.15196
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Exploring Need Fulfillment in Varsity Intercollegiate Student-Athletes’
           Dual Roles: A Mixed-Methods, Person-Oriented Investigation

    • Authors: Johannes Raabe, Tucker Readdy, Lauren McHenry, Daniel Leyhr, Tara Ryan
      Pages: 76 - 100
      Abstract: Individuals competing in varsity intercollegiate sport are tasked with managing the dual roles of athletes and students. The purpose of current study was to simultaneously explore student-athletes’ perceived satisfaction of autonomy, competence and relatedness in sport and academics. A mixed-methods, person-oriented design was utilized. Quantitative data was collected with a sample of N = 238 student-athletes from various varsity intercollegiate sports. For sport, four clusters were revealed: ‘Low Need Satisfaction,’ ‘Moderately Low Need Satisfaction,’ ‘Moderate Relatedness,’ and ‘High Need Satisfaction.’ For academics, four clusters were revealed: ‘Low Need Satisfaction,’ ‘Moderate Relatedness,’ ‘Moderate Autonomy and Competence,’ and ‘High Need Satisfaction.’ Reflexive thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews with a sub-sample of n = 12 student-athletes representing all clusters revealed four themes: (a) global factors sensitized student-athletes to the experience of basic psychological needs, (b) contextual factors determined fluctuations in student-athletes’ need fulfillment, (c) student-athletes perceived interaction effects in the satisfaction of the three basic psychological needs within the same domain, and (d) student-athletes’ sport participation had a cross-contextual influence on their need fulfillment in academics. Findings provide an understanding of student-athletes’ perceived basic psychological needs across the achievement domains of academics and sport.
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.17161/jis.v15i1.15400
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Athletic Fundraising: An In-depth Analysis of the Challenges Faced and
           Strategies Utilized in the NCAA Division II Athletic Landscape

    • Authors: Andrew Hanson, Jon Welty Peachey
      Pages: 101 - 124
      Abstract: In the current economic environment, state appropriations to higher education are continually decreasing, with cuts in state aid resulting in universities undergoing significant financial cuts (Mitchell et al., 2017). In particular, National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division II athletic departments have been seriously impacted. The Division II structure requires athletic programs to depend on private, charitable contributions, brought in through organized fundraising activities. This study used the previous athletic fundraising literature and stakeholder theory (Freeman, 1984) to guide 14 semi-structured interviews with Division II athletic fundraisers, representing a wide range of universities. The purpose of this exploratory study was to identify the major challenges that individuals who fundraise for Division II athletic departments face as well as the strategies that are being used to overcome those challenges. This study also aimed to identify the role that stakeholders played in athletic fundraising and how stakeholder claims of power, urgency, and legitimacy guided the fundraising process (Mitchell et al., 1997). Theoretical and practical implications are also advanced.
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.17161/jis.v15i1.15609
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The Relationship between Academic Clustering and Athletic Academic Support
           Center Reporting Lines in NCAA FBS Programs

    • Authors: Jim Watkins, Kelsey Slater, Leslie Chang
      Pages: 125 - 142
      Abstract: This article investigates whether an association existed between the clustering of NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) student-athletes and the reporting lines of athletic academic support departments at their institutions during the 2017-18 academic year. Academic reform groups and university faculty members have argued that student-athletes cluster into a major at a higher rate when athletic academic support departments report to athletic department officials instead of university administrators not employed by athletics. The authors contacted athletic academic support directors at NCAA Division I FBS institutions to determine whether their departments reported to an administrator employed by or outside of the athletic department. Then, the authors used annual football media guides provided by athletic departments to ascertain the amount of student-athletes that were enrolled in each academic major. Finally, the authors used an ANOVA to calculate whether an association existed between an athletic academic support department’s reporting lines and the rate that football student-athletes clustered into one or more majors. The results indicated that the association between the rate that football student-athletes clustered into one or more majors and the reporting lines used by athletic academic support departments at their institutions was insignificant.
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.17161/jis.v15i1.15226
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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