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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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MHSalud : Movimiento Humano y Salud
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1659-097X
Published by Universidad Nacional Costa Rica Homepage  [25 journals]
  • Psychometric Properties of The Wagnild and Young Resilience Scale in Costa
           Rican Older Adults

    • Authors: María Auxiliadora Vargas Villalobos, Braulio Sánchez Ureña, Christian Azofeifa Mora, Luis Solano Mora, Cecilia Enith Romero Barquero
      Pages: e15778 - e15778
      Abstract: Purpose: To analyze the psychometric characteristics of the Wagnild and Young Resilience Scale Argentine version in a Costa Rican elderly group.
      Materials and methods: The study had two groups, one for the pilot study (N = 40, X = 69.38), and another for the analysis of the psychometric properties (N = 100, X = 69.31). The 25- item Wagnild and Young Resilience Scale, Argentine version, was used. An analysis by expert judgment and a pilot study were carried out to establish the scale to be validated, after which, the complete validation study was carried out. Factor
      analyzes and Cronbach’s alpha were applied.
      Results: They were obtained two factors named: a) “selfefficacy capacity”, and b) “purpose in life capacity”. The global internal consistency was 0.84, for the first factor was 0.81 and for the second factor was 0.74.
      Conclusions: The scale generated is reliable and valid to assess resilience in an elderly people with similar characteristics to the present study. In the future, it is recommended to carry out qualitative analyzes to better define the constructs based on the characteristics of the population.
      PubDate: 2024-01-08
      DOI: 10.15359/mhs.21-1.15778
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2024)
       
  • Specialization or diversification in sports development: promoting
           champions or life experiences'

    • Authors: Daniel Rojas Valverde, Christian Azofeifa Mora, María Fernanda Fernanda Herrera Monge, Andrea Fallas Campos, Emmanuel Herrera González
      Pages: e14731 - e14731
      Abstract: Purpose: To explore and discuss theoretical and practical scientific literature to compare sports diversification and early sports specialization as a sport and educational approach. Methods: A systematic review was conducted following PRISMA guidelines, and 61 studies were included.
      Results: Coaches, parents, and children consider that the best way to develop sports talent and enter the elite in sports is to practice a single discipline as early as possible to achieve specialization and maximum technical skills and physical and psychological conditions. Sports specialization paths may lead to a physical, social, and mental state that compromises their integral development.
      Conclusion: Sports diversification should be considered first at an early age and, afterward, the specialization once the bases of strength, conditioning, neuromuscular training, and a specific psychomotor maturation have been achieved, so that sports performance and health are not compromised in the medium or long term. It is necessary to consider that few children enter elite sports, so for many of them, sports education will be the basis for exercising their citizenship as active people.
      PubDate: 2024-01-08
      DOI: 10.15359/mhs.21-1.14731
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 1 (2024)
       
  • Wearable Sports Technology Development in Costa Rica: Inertial Measurement
           Unit Integration for Real-Time External Load Monitoring

    • Authors: Victor Chavarría-Fernández, Daniel Rojas-Valverde, Randall Gutiérrez-Vargas, Carlos Meza, Miguel Méndez-Solano
      Pages: 1 - 13
      Abstract: The increasing trend and projection for the use of wearable sensors technology in the general population have led to the development of different inertial measurement units (IMU) to monitor activity and motion variables during exercise or sports. This study aims to systematize the practical experience of developing an inertial measurement device to quantify external load in real time for runners. This article shows the installed capacity of Costa Rican higher education institutions to integrate existing sensors available in the international market in a single device to program it and use it for different sport science purposes. Two scientific laboratories joined resources and integrated an interdisciplinary team composed of exercise physiologists, sports scientists, physiotherapists, and electromechanical engineers who globally faced the challenge of creating SafeRun IMU. In this case, an IMU was constructed with great success, capable of quantifying external load variables controlled from a mobile device in real-time. The results showed an acceptable agreement and reliability of the data extracted from the IMU. The information collected from this IMU could be used to control and quantify external load to develop or redirect exercise programming and prescription and prevent overuse injuries or physical overload conditions. This device differs from other existing ones due to its small size and portability, which benefits its commercialization and massification.

      Keywords: Scientific Articles ; Self-Perception and Body Image Dissatisfaction about BMI and Fat
             Percentage Among Male and Female Chilean University Students

      • Authors: Edwin Inzunza Rosales, Cinthia Díaz Tapia, Esteban Valenzuela Manríquez, Yovely Gutiérrez Vergara, Bárbara Baier Riquelme, Iván Molina-Márquez, Claudio Hernàndez-Mosqueira
        Pages: 1 - 10
        Abstract: Introduction: One of the factors that conditions body weight is the perception of body image. In university students, eating fast food can generate disorders in the self-perception of body image, such as underestimation or overestimation of nutritional status, leading to disorders such as anorexia, bulimia, and suicide attempts. Objective: To compare the self-perception of body image, body dissatisfaction, body mass index (BMI) and percentage of body fat between women and men from the Chilean Adventist University. Material and methods: A comparative descriptive study of cross-sectional design applied to 150 regular students of the Adventist University of Chile, Chillán (UnACh). Anthropometric evaluations (BMI and skinfolds), application of the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ), and the Montero Anatomical Model Test (MAM) were performed. Results: Among the main findings, there were differences between men and women both in the BSQ and in the fat percentage, but not in the MAM and in the BMI, where no significant differences were found. Conclusions: The women evaluated have higher body dissatisfaction and fat percentage than university men; however, both men and women have body self-perception that adjusts to their BMI, with no significant differences between the sexes.
        Keywords: Scientific Articles ; Obesity Indices in Women with Breast Cancer in Cauca, Colombia

        • Authors: Nancy Janneth Molano-Tobar, Andrés Felipe Villaquirán-Hurtado, Dolly Ximena Molano-Tobar
          Pages: 1 - 12
          Abstract: Introduction: Obesity has become a problem that accentuates cancer processes. So the objective was to identify the level of obesity through adiposity indices in women with breast cancer in the department of Cauca-Colombia. Material and Methods: A correlational descriptive study with 126 women diagnosed with breast cancer. The measures for the analysis of body adiposity were the conicity index, body adiposity, abdominal volume, and the CUN BAE equation, body mass index, waist and hip circumferences. The data collected were processed in SPSS, obtaining measures of central tendency and dispersion, such as the Pearson statistic with a significance of p< 0.05 and the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve to determine the sensitivity and specificity of adiposity tests, considering ethical and legal aspects. Results: 31.78% of women evaluated presented type IIb cancer. Invasive cancer in axillary lymph nodes, with menarche ages 13.50±2.33 years. An overweight average was observed according to a BMI of 26.91±4.87 Kg/m2. Concerning the waist circumference (46.02%) and the ICC (58.72%), they did not show risk in these variables. Very high positive correlations were identified between waist circumference and adiposity indices (R=0.992), conicity index (R=0.858), and WHR (R=0.845). Conclusions: It was possible to establish that a high percentage of women with breast cancer were overweight, identifying risk situations related to the fat accumulated around the waist, which is related to other adiposity indices. The tool identified as useful corresponded to the index of conicity with statistical significance.
          Keywords: Scientific Articles ;
           
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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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