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Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1899-1998 - ISSN (Online) 2082-8799
Published by Sciendo Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Does 12-Week Aerobics Training Influence Body Composition in Middle-Aged
           Women'

    • Abstract: Introduction. It is very important to determine body composition, as it plays a significant role in the formation of many vital functions of the human. The purpose of this research was to assess the effect of 12-week aerobics training on body composition in middle-aged women.Material and methods. Thirteen women aged 35-50 who did not practice any sport actively took part in 12-week aerobics training. Body weight and height were measured, body mass index (BMI) and waist/hip ratio (WHR) were calculated. Body composition parameters: total body water (TBW), extracellular water (ECW) and intracellular water (ICW), fat mass (FM), free fat mass (FFM) muscle mass (MM), and basal metabolic rate (BMR) were measured using BIA method.Results. The 12-week aerobics training elicited increases in ICW, FFM, MM, and BMR and a decrease in hip circumference. Twelve weeks without exercise (control group, n = 10) caused an increase in body mass, BMI and hip circumference. No statistically significant changes were recorded in body composition parameters in the control group.Conclusions. The lack of any physical activity shows that the maintenance of that status can cause overweight followed by obesity.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Children’s Motor Learning and Working Memory: The Role of Visual and
           Verbal Analogy Learning

    • Abstract: Introduction. Physical education teachers and coaches often face the problem of how to convey information to novice learners, particularly to children. The present study aims to examine how visual and verbal analogy learning affects basketball free-throw learning as well as working memory in 9- to 12-year-old children.Material and Methods. Forty-eight children (24 males, mean age: 10.5 ± 1.8 years) were selected through convenience sampling and randomly assigned to four groups, namely visual analogy, verbal analogy, explicit, and control groups. The task involved throwing a basketball from a distance of 3.05 meters. The participants completed 15 trials in the pretest, posttest, and retention phases and 720 trials in the acquisition phase.Results. The result of the paired sample t-test indicated that the visual analogy, verbal analogy, and explicit learning groups experienced a significant improvement in their performance through the skill acquisition phase as well as an improvement in their working memories (p ≤ 0.05), while the control group did not exhibit such improvements (p = 0.91). In addition, one-way analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) showed that the analogy learning group outperformed other groups in both post-test and retention tests as well as in terms of motor learning and working memory (p ≤ 0.05).Conclusions. The verbal analogy and the explicit learning groups were equally better than the control group. The findings of this study suggest that coaches in instructional environments should make further use of the advantages of visual analogy learning for children.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Village-Based Tourism Performance: Tourist Satisfaction and Revisit
           Intention

    • Abstract: Introduction. Tourist satisfaction and revisit intention have been used to measure tourism performance by the government agency. These two variables were investigated by previous studies but failed to focus on village-based tourism destinations, which are popular in Indonesia. Therefore, this study investigates the effect of cognitive destination image on tourist satisfaction and revisit intention.Material and methods. It also determines the role of tourist satisfaction as a mediating variable between cognitive destination image and revisit intention using 124 respondents. Cognitive destination image is divided into attractive condition, essential condition, appealing activity, and natural environment. Furthermore, this study employs the structural equation model (SEM) using smart-pls to analyze data.Results. The result shows that attractive and essential conditions are related to tourist satisfaction, while appealing activity and essential conditions influence the intention to revisit.Conclusions. Tourist satisfaction associates with the intention to revisit and attractive conditions. However, the function of the tourism satisfaction as a mediating variable between destination image and intention to revisit is partially revealed.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Effect of Aerobic Dance Vs Static Cycling on Anthropometric Measures,
           Cholesterol, and Blood Glucose in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Randomized
           Controlled Trial

    • Abstract: Introduction. Aerobic dance (AD) has grown as a popular aerobic exercise treating metabolic diseases. However, its beneficial effects on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) compared with other types of aerobic exercise have not been known. This study aimed to compare the influence of AD and static cycling (SC) on anthropometric measures, systolic blood pressure (SBP), blood glucose, and total cholesterol.Material and Methods. The design of this study was a randomized controlled study (RCT). Thirty T2DM subjects were assigned to three groups, i.e. control (C), aerobic dance exercise (AD), and static cycling exercise (SC), ten subjects in each group. AD and SC were performed three times a week for eight weeks. On the follow-up, four subjects were withdrawn. Waist and hip circumference (WC and HC), BMI, and blood pressure (BP) were measured. Blood glucose (fasting (FBG) and 2 hours postprandial (2-h PPBG)) and total cholesterol were checked using a simple, instant blood examination device. A paired t-test, Anova and Tamhane’s T2 post hoc test were applied. Significance was set at p < 0.05.Results. Student’s t-test showed that post-exercise waist circumference was significantly increased in the control group (92.7 ± 13.5 cm, p = 0.04), while post-exercise FBG and 2-h PPBG were significantly reduced in the SC group (112.5 ± 12.0 mg/dL, p = 0.04 and 155.0 ± 45.3 mg/dL, p = 0.02, respectively). Tamhane’s T2 post hoc indicates that 2-h PPBG in SC was lower than in the case of AD (155.0 ± 45.3 vs 171.3 ± 19.7 mg/dL, p = 0.04) and SC vs control (155.0 ± 45.3 vs 183.0 ± 24.1 mg/dL, p = 0.02). Systolic was significantly reduced in SC compared to the control group (126.9 ± 7.5 vs. 143.3 ± 17.5 mmHg, p = 0.04). The magnitude of reduced (Δ) in 2-h PPBG in SC was significantly different from control (Δ-18.75 ± 10.9 vs. Δ2.75 ± 12.4, p = 0.04) and AD (Δ-18.75 ± 10.9 vs. Δ6.37 ± 11.8, p = 0.02).Conclusions. Static cycling exercise improved 2-hour postprandial blood glucose and systolic blood pressure significantly more than aerobic dance in T2DM.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Absolute Reliability, Relative Reliability, and Criterion-Related Validity
           of Two Reactive Agility Tests Using Two Types of Stimuli in Elite Male
           Volleyball Players

    • Abstract: Introduction. Agility is an important physical quality required in team sports including volleyball. The aims of this study were to quantify the reliability of two reactive agility drills: (a) the arrow reactive agility test (ARAT) and (b) the square upper body reactive agility test (SUBRAT). Their relationship was assessed with the T-Test, lower limbs’ power was evaluated using sprint and vertical jump performance, while lower and upper body maximal strength was evaluated with the back squat and bench press, respectively.Material and Methods. A total of 14 elite male volleyball athletes participated in this investigation. All subjects performed three trials for each reactive agility test on two separate days. All assessments were conducted at the same time of the day and in the same order. Data was analysed with intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs), SEMs, SWCs, and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).Results. The heteroscedasticity coefficient for the ARAT and the SUBRAT was r = −0.103 (95% CI, −0.728-0.523; p = 0.727) and r = 0.08 (95% CI, −0.55-0.70; p = 0.80), respectively. The systematic bias ± the 95% LOAs were of −0.02 ± 0.10 seconds for the ARAT and 0.03 ± 1.15 seconds for the SUBRAT.Conclusions. The main findings of this investigation showed that the ARAT is a reliable and valid test to assess the lower limb reactive agility component of elite male volleyball athletes. The SUBRAT, on the other hand, is not as reliable as the ARAT and, therefore, might not be a recommended test to assess upper body reactive agility.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Effects of Simultaneously Combined Whole-Body Electrostimulation and
           Plyometric Training on Vertical Jump Performance, 20 m Sprint-Time and
           Handgrip Strength

    • Abstract: Introduction. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a 6-week low intensity plyometric training (PT) + whole-body electrostimulation (WBES) combined program, compared with traditional PT, on vertical jump performance, 20 m sprint-time and handgrip strength.Material and methods. 10 male and 10 female Physical Education students were randomly allocated to a control (CON) or an experimental (EXP) group. Both groups performed a 6-week low intensity PT 3 days per week, and during the third day, PT was simultaneously combined with WBES in the EXP group. Countermovement jump (CMJ) height, CMJ peak power, 20 m sprint-time and handgrip strength were measured before (pre-test) and after (post-test) the training period. Repeated measures ANOVA was performed to identify differences after the training program. Effect sizes (ES) were assessed using Hedge’s g.Results. No significant differences between groups were observed at post-test. CMJ height and CMJ peak power significantly increased in both groups, with greater ES in the EXP group (p < 0.001, g = 0.68; p < 0.001, g = 0.70, respectively). 20 m sprint-time significantly improved in both groups, with greater ES in the CON group (p < 0.001, g = −1.68). Handgrip strength also increased in both groups, but ES were minimal.Conclusions. Both training methods demonstrated to be a good strategy to improve CMJ performance and 20 m sprint-time. The most effective training method for improving CMJ performance was PT + WBES combined program, and traditional PT obtained better results in 20 m sprint-time.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Comparison of Leg Muscle Activity During Level and Uphill Walking in
           Individuals with Flat Foot and Normal Foot: A Cross-Sectional Study

    • Abstract: Introduction. Arches of the foot play a significant role in lower limb function and impairments in the arches are correlated to increased injury risk. The aim of this study was to identify the difference in muscles activity in individuals with a flat foot as compared to those with normal foot arch using surface electromyography (sEMG) while walking on at different speeds and gradients (slope of the treadmill). Material and Methods. Sixty healthy subjects were recruited by convenience sampling method and equally divided into two groups: short arch group (n = 30) and normal arch group (n = 30) by measuring arch height. All the subjects were made to walk on a treadmill at varying speeds (2.7, 4.5, and 6.3 km/h) and gradients (0%, 3%, 6% and 9%). The sEMG activity was recorded for medial gastrocnemius (GM) muscle and peroneus longus (PL) muscle while walking on the treadmill. Results. 2 x 3 x 4 split-plot ANOVA revealed a significant group effect for GM activity (p < 0.001), whereas PL activity was not able to show a significant group effect (p = 0.109). Increasing speeds led to a significant difference in the sEMG activity of PL and GM muscles (p < 0.001) in the two groups. Increasing gradient of treadmill also showed a significant difference in the sEMG activity in the two groups for PL and GM muscle (p < 0.05). Conclusions. The findings of this study demonstrated that subjects with flat feet had a lesser activation in PL muscles as compared to subjects with normal foot curvature. Therefore, it is necessary to incorporate strategies to improve the strength of these muscles to improve the arches of the foot.
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Range of Motion in Selected Joints in Relation to Sports Performance and
           Technique Effectiveness in Weightlifting

    • Abstract: Introduction. The aim of the study was to verify or falsify the role of flexibility as the ability that distinguishes weightlifting champions from their rivals in lower sports classes. The aim of the study was also to assess the relationship between the results in snatch and clean and jerk, technique effectiveness, mobility in the shoulder joint, dorsal extension of the foot and forward bending of the spine. Material and methods. The study included 24 men training weightlifting – members of the Polish national team (n = 10) and members of one of Warsaw sports clubs (n = 14). Measurements were performed of active ranges of movement of the shoulder, flexion and extension in the shoulder joint, forward bending of the spine and dorsal extension of the foot in the ankle joint. The technique efficiency coefficients were calculated and the sports results were converted into Sincair points. Results. Significant differences (p ≤ 0.05) were noted in dorsiflexion of the foot in the ankle joint and forward bending of the spine in the tested groups. National team members were characterised by higher mobility than sports club members. There were no significant differences in flexion and extension movements at the shoulder joint between the groups. Conclusions. Significant correlations were found between the range of forward bending of the spine (p ≤ 0.001) and the range of dorsiflexion movements of the right (p ≤ 0.001) and left (p ≤ 0.01) foot, and sports performance in the snatch and clean and jerk, as well as in technique effectiveness. Achieving high sports performance in weightlifting may be limited by a low joint range of motion.
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Sports Consumption Behavior: Discovering Typologies of Amateur Cyclists

    • Abstract: Introduction. Modern football game places a large number of requirements for numerous physiological and motor abilities because athletes must show high aerobic and anaerobic fitness, ability to run, jump, change direction and improve specific sports skills, such as dribbling, feints and goal shots. The speed of change of direction is a physical component of agility, which includes technique, strength and the ability to effectively slow down or speed up your running. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of body composition parameters on agility in professional female football players who compete in the highest rank of competition. We hypothesized that body composition values have an impact on specific motor skills, agility. Material and methods. The sample of respondents consisted of female football players who compete in the highest rank of the competition, the Serbian Super League. The total number of respondents included in the research was 20 football players (age 20.15 ± 4, body height 168.57 ± 8.55 cm, body weight 61.03 ± 6.08 kg). Results. The results of the research showed that body composition of football players can affect the results of the speed of change of direction. Muscle mass, both in absolute and relative values, individually contributes the most and influences the results in agility tests. Conclusions. Coaches and players need to pay attention to the values of their body composition in order to have better results in specific motor abilities.
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Investigating the Role of Tourism in Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence
           from Pakistan

    • Abstract: Introduction. This study aims to explore the impact of tourism along with some other regressors, namely labor force, official development assistance, local investment, and inflation rate on the economic growth rate of the developing country of Pakistan. Material and Methods. We used annual time series data over the period from 1980 to 2018 for empirical analysis. Based on the order of integration of data, we employed an Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) approach. Results. Empirical results vindicated a positive relationship between tourism and growth. The official development assistance and inflation rate have shown significantly negative impacts on the economic growth of Pakistan, whereas domestic investment has shown an insignificantly positive impact on the economic growth. Conclusions. The empirical findings exhibit that tourism plays a key role in the process of economic growth and development of Pakistan. The study recommends that the management authorities should implement appropriate policies to attract more tourists to improve economic growth of Pakistan. Furthermore, sincere efforts are required to ensure macroeconomic stability through controlling inflation, avoiding reception of foreign aid, and encouraging global investment.
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Effect of Warm-up on Fitness Performance of Schoolchildren. A Systematic
           Review

    • Abstract: Introduction. The impact of different types of warm-up protocol on children’s performance is clearly an unresolved issue that has not yet been satisfactorily investigated. Consequently, the purpose of this review was to analyze the current literature on the subject. Material and Methods. The first step was to perform a search in PROSPERO with the keyword warm up. After that, five electronic bibliographic databases were searched through until April 10th, 2021: Web of Science (all databases), Scopus, SportDiscus, PubMed, and Google Scholar. Results. Six studies involving a total of 138 participants were included in the final analyses. Regarding the physical qualities that were assessed, 4 of the studies assessed strength through the vertical jump, 3 assessed running speed, one assessed anaerobic endurance (30 seconds) with a cycle ergometer and another assessed flexibility using the Sit & Reach. Conclusions. The practice of dynamic or specific warm-up before training appears to improve speed and strength performance compared to no warm-up in school-age children. However, the effects of warm-up on endurance and flexibility performance in school-age children need to be further investigated.
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Physical and Physiological Characteristics of Female Artistic Roller
           Skaters Based on Discipline and Level of Expertise

    • Abstract: Introduction. In artistic roller skating, athletes use shoes fitted with small wheels to be used in rinks. The sport consists of seven disciplines characterized by different physical demands. Roller skaters are judged on content and manner of performance, and this includes the skater’s ability to do jumps, spins, and footwork. To date, no study has analyzed the different physical qualities in artistic roller skaters based on their skating discipline and skating level. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare the body composition, flexibility, balance, reactive strength, maximal strength and aerobic capacity based on skating discipline and skating level. Material and methods. A total of 108 female athletes from the three individual disciplines (figures, freestyle, and solo dance) and three different levels (elite, sub-elite, and non-elite) volunteered to participate in this study. All subjects completed the sit-and-reach, front split, Y-Balance, countermovement jump, squat jump, drop jump, isometric mid-thigh pull and 20-metre multistage shuttle roller skate tests. Six multivariate analyses of variance were performed to identify differences between disciplines and levels. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results. The findings showed that freestyle skaters have less body fat, and higher levels of reactive and maximal strength than figure and solo dance skaters. Elite skaters demonstrate greater values of flexibility, balance, strength and aerobic capacity compared to their sub-elite and non-elite counterparts. Conclusions. The results of this study showed that there are differences between elite and non-elite athletes and between skating disciplines. Strength and conditioning professionals should take that into consideration when training these athletes.
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Modulation of Bone Metabolism Markers Following Low-Repetition and
           Light-Load Power Training in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized Controlled
           Trial

    • Abstract: Introduction. The study aimed to survey effects of 6 weeks of low-repetition and light-load power training on serum Osteocalcin, Parathormone and Sclerostin in sedentary postmenopausal women. Material and Methods. This randomized controlled trial was carried out in healthy and sedentary postmenopausal women. We recruited 24 volunteers aged 55 to 65 years. Participants were allocated into two groups: experimental and control. The experimental group performed 6-week low-repetition and light-load power training at a frequency of three sessions per week. The outcome measures included Osteocalcin, Parathormone, Sclerostin. Blood samples were drawn pre- and post-intervention while fasting. Data were analyzed using SPSS19, and multivariate ANCOVA and Bonferroni post hoc test were used. Results. After 6 weeks of low-repetition and light-load power training, Sclerostin decreased (p = 0.03), while Osteocalcin and Parathormone increased (p = 0.01) in the training group compared to the control group. Conclusions. It seems that low-repetition and light-load power training, by increasing Osteocalcin and Parathormone and reducing Sclerostin, can be effective in bone formation in postmenopausal women.
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Time Budget of Inhabitants of Large Cities in Poland During the Covid-19
           Pandemic

    • Abstract: Introduction. The aim of the research is to determine the structure of the day – the time devoted to various activities – of the inhabitants of large cities in Poland during the COVID-19 pandemic, taking into account the workweek-weekend cycle.Material and methods. Time budget studies – using qualitative research methods (structured interview, including self-reporting) – were conducted in December 2020 among residents of selected 9 large cities in Poland. The research was based on self-reporting by the respondents for one week. The results were analysed using three parameters: the average duration of the activity, the average time of performing the activity, the percentage of people performing the activity.Results. The daytime structure of inhabitants of large cities during the pandemic included 9.19 h (39% day time) for physiological activities, 8.30 h (36%) for duties, 5.49 h (24%) for leisure time and 0.20 h (1%) for commute. Relative to the 2013 GUS survey, there was a decrease in the amount of time spent commuting to work/school (72% decrease), physiological needs (15% decrease) and housework (15% decrease), More time than before the pandemic (51% increase in the amount of time) was devoted to work, and leisure time was spent on sports and recreation (125% increase in the amount of time) and using mass media (16%).Conclusions. COVID-19 pandemic and the associated restrictions have significantly impacted our daily lives and how we use our time.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Effect of Neurodynamic Mobilisation Plus Core Stability on Pain and Motor
           Nerve Conduction Velocity in Athletes with Lumbar Radiculopathy

    • Abstract: Introduction. Lumbar radiculopathy (LR) is a common debilitating disorder of neuromuscular origin that affects athletes.Material and Methods. This study was a parallel group design and a total of 24 clinically diagnosed athletes with LR were recruited for the study and randomly assigned to one of the two groups, i.e. neurodynamic mobilisation plus core stability group (NDS plus CS) and core stability group only (CS). NDS plus CS underwent neural mobilisation of the tibial nerve and core stability exercises, while CS group performed core stability for a total of 14 sessions on alternate days. The outcome measures of motor nerve conduction velocity (m NCV) of the tibial nerve and pain intensity were recorded before the start of the intervention, at midpoint (7th session) and at the end of the intervention (14th session).Results. Baseline scores of pain and m NCV (NDS plus CS: 6.75 ± 0.62, 38.10 ± 7.21 and CS: 6.58 ± 0.79, 38.92 ± 6.37) were non-significant. The outcome measures improved significantly during treatment in NDS plus CS group (baseline to 7th session, 7th to 14th session and overall mean change for pain and m NCV was found to be 4.74 ± 0.37 and -6.43 ± 3.08, respectively. Non-significant improvement was reported for CS group. Two-way repeated measures (2 x 3) ANOVA was used to analyse the change in the outcome measures and revealed that NDS plus CS group showed statistically significant main effects for group on pain level (F (2, 5.34) = 0.89, p < 0.001 and m NCV (F (2, 5.21) = 0.40, p < 0.03. Significant time and group x time interaction effects were also found.Conclusions. The findings of the study revealed that neurodynamic mobilisation plus core stability were found effective in improving pain level and motor nerve conduction velocity of the tibial nerve in athletes with lumbar radiculopathy.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Bioelectrical Phase Angle, Muscle Damage Markers and Inflammatory Response
           After a Competitive Match in Professional Soccer Players

    • Abstract: Introduction. The purposes of this study were 1) to evaluate changes from baseline levels in bioelectrical phase angle (PhA) and markers of muscle damage and inflammation in professional players 36 h after a soccer match, and 2) to analyze the relationships between PhA and markers of muscle damage and inflammation in order to investigate if PhA might be a useful parameter to monitor recovery.Material and methods. Eighteen male professional soccer players participated in this study. Plasma lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase (CK) activities, plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations, and PhA were measured before and 36 h after a competitive match.Results. Changes in LDH and CK 36 h after the match were greater than their reference change values (RCV). Changes in CRP and IL-6 were, however, lower than their corresponding RCV. 36 h after the match, significant correlations were observed between PhA and LDH (r = 0.714, p = 0.001), PhA and CK (r = 0.787, p = 0.000), and PhA and CRP (r = 0.554, p = 0.017).Conclusions. Although IL-6 and CRP have been traditionally analyzed together to monitor inflammation after intense exercise, since 36 h after the match they have already returned or started to return to baseline levels, the use of them alone is not a good option to monitor inflammation throughout recovery. PhA might be used as a predictor of muscle damage and inflammation, but further studies covering the whole recovery period are warranted.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Investigation of Lactate, Heart Rate and Handgrip Force Responses of
           Climbers

    • Abstract: Introduction. Sport climbing, which is included in 2020 Olympic Games, is a new sport that is both recreational and performance-focused while being the subject of scientific research all around the world. The aim of this study was to analyze the changes in lactate concentration, heart rate and handgrip forces all at once in the actual sport climbing competition.Material and Methods. Thirteen male climbers volunteered for this study. The climbers climbed three different routes prepared according to the International Federation of Sport Climbing standards that are classified as easy, medium and difficult. Lactate, heart rate, dominant and non-dominant handgrip forces were measured for each route before climbing, immediately after, and during the third and fifth minutes after climbing. Climbing performance was determined using the number of holds that the competitor reached.Results. We observed significantly higher post-lactate concentration in comparison to the pre-climbing values for all climbing routes (p < 0.05). Statistical observation shows that post-climbing heart rate values were considerably higher than the pre-climbing values for all three climbing trials (p < 0.05). There were also statistically significant differences in climbing performance and handgrip force between the three routes (p < 0.05).Conclusions. According to the results of this study, significant increases were noted in all three climbing routes relative to the pre-climb in lactate, heart rate and climbing performance data between the routes.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Sustainable Urban Tourism Development and Quality of Life: A Case of
           Kampung Bharu, Kuala Lumpur

    • Abstract: Introduction. With the transformation of Kuala Lumpur as a mega city and the boom of Malaysian urban tourism, understanding the interaction between tourism and local community livability is important for sustainable urban tourism development.Material and methods. Founded in 1899, Kampung Bharu is a famous traditional Malay village facing conflicting urban development and local community livability issues. Thus, to understand the local community perception of urban tourism development and its effect on their quality of life, this study investigates the effect of sustainable tourism development on the local Kampung Bharu community’s quality of life. This study collected 364 valid responses from the local community through a self-administered survey.Results. The study confirms that economic and environmental impacts of urban tourism development deteriorate the local community’s quality of life. However, the socio-cultural impacts of urban tourism development positively and significantly enhance the quality of life of the local community in Kampung Bharu.Conclusions. The study highlighted the importance of the local community’s perceptions, community attachment, and perceived quality of life to destination managers responsible for planning and developing future tourism projects. Several limitations and recommendations for future research are presented.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Predicting Sports Facility Revisit Intentions Based on Experience and
           Mediating Effects of Perceived Value

    • Abstract: Introduction. Several factors, such as program offerings, atmosphere and provided amenities, motivate repeat visits to sports destinations, with continued patronage most often associated with perceived value.Material and Methods. This study sought to determine the extent to which perceived value in sports facilities influenced revisit intentions, for which a path analysis model was used and a valid and reliable self-administered questionnaire was completed by 384 recreational sports facility visitors.Results. Visit experience and perceived value were found to influence revisit intentions, with nearly 50% of the direct effect being because of perceived value.Conclusions. The results of this study inform both academic practice and managerial decisions.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Corporate Security in Tourism: The Example of Slovenia

    • Abstract: Introduction. Tourism is part of the global security space and is the largest global industry with the highest levels of annual growth. In recent years, the issue of security has begun to significantly impact the development of tourism. This requires answers regarding the satisfaction of tourists from security, cultural, economic and sociological perspectives.Material and Methods. Our research problem is aimed at corporate security in health resorts (one of the conditions for establishing a health resort is e.g. the surrounding environment, natural mineral water), which differs from the security present in hotels or other tourist facilities. In order to achieve the purpose of this study, we developed a new theoretical model of corporate security in health resort tourism where we applied both a qualitative and quantitative paradigm in this research. In the qualitative part of this study, we collected data using the methods of document analysis and interviews and processed it in the software Atlas.ti. In the quantitative part, we collected data using a survey questionnaire and analysed the results using the SPSS softwareResults. The study will contribute an original theoretical model of corporate security in Slovenian health resort tourism to the treasure trove of knowledge and it will be possible to theoretically verify it and apply it in health resorts.Conclusions. In this way, we opened up the theoretical and practical dimensions of poorly researched field of security in Slovenian health resorts and, in doing so, contribute to the better understanding and improving of models of corporate security in health resort tourism.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
 
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