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Biomedical Human Kinetics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.123
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2080-2234
Published by Sciendo Homepage  [389 journals]
  • Effect of premodulated interferential current versus diadynamic current on
           the management of lateral elbow tendinopathy

    • Abstract: Study aim: To compare the effect of premodulated interferential current (PREMOD IFC) and diadynamic current (DD) with exercise training on the management of lateral elbow tendinopathy (LET).Material and methods: One hundred and four patients with unilateral LET from both genders (55 females and 49 males) were randomly allocated into two groups. Group A received PREMOD IFC in addition to the exercises, and group B received DD with the same exercises. The outcomes were maximum grip strength assessed by the hand dynamometer, the pinch strength assessed by the pinch gauge dynamometer, and pain and functional disability of the forearm assessed by a patient-rated tennis elbow evaluation (PRTEE) questionnaire. All participants received electrical stimulation, consisting of three sessions per week for six weeks.Results: The mean PRTEE score, and grip strength were significantly improved after six weeks in favour of group A, while there was no significant difference between the two groups in pinch strength. (p < 0.05).Conclusion: The results revealed that the combination of PREMOD IFC with exercises could improve pain, functional disability, and grip strength compared to DD with exercises in LET patients without a significant difference between the two groups in pinch strength.
      PubDate: Tue, 24 Jan 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Activation asymmetry of the lateral abdominal muscles in response to
           neurodevelopmental traction technique in children with pelvic asymmetry

    • Abstract: Study aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate asymmetry of activation of lateral abdominal muscles (LAM) in response to neurodevelopmental traction technique in children with pelvic asymmetry.Material and methods: Measurements of LAM activation asymmetry were performed during traction with the force of 5% body weight in two experimental conditions: 1) in neutral position, 2) in 20° posterior trunk inclination. Twenty-three healthy children with pelvic asymmetry participated in the study. To evaluate LAM activation asymmetry ultrasound technology was employed (two Mindray DP660 devices (Mindray, Shenzhen, China)). Activation asymmetry indices for each individual LAM were calculated.Results: The magnitude of LAM activation asymmetry indexes formed a gradient, with the most profound transversus abdominis (TrA) showing the greatest asymmetry, and the most superficial obliquus externus – the smallest. The inter-muscle differences were most pronounced between the TrA and the two more superficial oblique muscles. There were no correlation between the magnitude of pelvic asymmetry and LAM activation asymmetry.Conclusions: During the neurodevelopmental traction technique there is a difference in individual LAM activation symmetry, with deeper muscles showing greater asymmetry. The activation asymmetry of the LAM does not seem to be associated with the pelvic asymmetry. Results are similar to those recorded in earlier studies in samples where no pelvic asymmetry were subjected to analysis.
      PubDate: Tue, 17 Jan 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Effects of eight-week aerobic exercises combined with resistance training
           on cardiovascular risk factors in women

    • Abstract: Study aim: Main purpose of this study is to examine the effects of moderate-intensity exercises for eight weeks, combined with cardio and resistance exercises, on the cardiovascular risk factors for women.Material and methods:Atotal of 30 volunteer females between the ages of 40 and 65 participated in the study. The volunteers were divided into two groups as exercise and control. The exercise group was given exercises three days aweek. Height, weight, body mass index, waist, hip, waist-to-hip ratio, resting blood pressure, resting heart rate, total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, glucose levels were collected before and after the exercise program.Results: There was asignificant decrease in weight, body mass index, hip circumference levels after the exercise program (p < 0.05), while no significant difference was detected for waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratios p > 0.05). While asignificant decrease in systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and triglycerides levels of the exercise group was observed after the exercise program (p < 0.05), no significant change was found in glucose, cholesterol, high density lipoprotein, and low density lipoprotein levels (p > 0.05).Conclusion: It was observed that moderate intensity exercises combined with cardio and resistance exercises resulted with positive effects on cardiovascular risk factors.
      PubDate: Tue, 17 Jan 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Do online workshops using active teaching methods improve self-rated
           communication skills of physiotherapy students'

    • Abstract: Study aim: In the education of physiotherapists, communication skills should be developed: this can be done by conducting special workshops. In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, the need arose for replacing conventional forms of education with remote classes. Therefore, it was decided to test the effectiveness of a social skills workshop conducted using active online methods for second-year physiotherapy students.Material and methods: The experimental factor was the contents of workshop classes taught online as part of the mandatory course included in the curriculum. The platforms Teams, Zoom, and the Messenger were used to carry out the experiment. The workshops used active learning methods: simulation of work situation, drama, peer feedback and interaction-based communication.Results: The results obtained from 78 participants (pre-test and post-test, including 45 women) were analyzed. The age of the participants ranged from 20 to 22 years, with a mean of 20.7 years. A self-reported social skills questionnaire consisting of 17 statements was used. participation in the course resulted in a significant increase in the index of general communication skills of the students (Z = 5.11, p < 0.001, R = 0.582).Conclusions: Online workshops using active teaching methods, which are an essential element of students of physiotherapy preparation for clinical work, can stimulate the development of their communication skills.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Agreement of measures between measured body adiposity and calculated
           indices of fatness in sedentary and active male and female students

    • Abstract: Study aim: Our study was undertaken to analyze agreement between measured body fat and different indices of fatness in students of both sexes and with different physical activity.Materials and methods: A total of 330 students not engaged in regular physical activity (150 males and 180 females) and 356 students (180 males and 176 females) engaged in regular physical activity due to their study program (5–7 h/week) were recruited. In all participants body adiposity was measured from skinfold thickness. In addition, calculated indices of fatness based on waist (WC) and hip circumference (HC), such as abdominal volume index (AVI), body adiposity index (BAI) and relative fat mass (RFM) were calculated.Results: The analysis of Bland-Altman plots revealed that agreement between measured and calculated body fat was found for RFM and BAI in sedentary and active men and for BAI in sedentary women, but not for measured body fat and RFM in sedentary women and for RFM and BAI in active women.Discussion: Our study showed that in young adult Poles of both sexes and with different physical activity, the calculated obesity rates should be used with caution, especially in women, as an indicator of total body fat.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Letter to the Editor

    • PubDate: Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Generic motor abilities and anthropometrics are poorly related to
           futsal-specific agility performance; multiple regression analysis in
           professional players

    • Abstract: Study aim: This study aimed to evaluate predictors of futsal-specific change-of-direction speed and futsal-specific reactive agility in professional male futsal players.Material and methods: The players (n=75) studied were members of seven futsal teams that competed at the highest national level in Croatia and in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The predictors in this study included measures of generic power, speed, agility, and anthropometrics. The univariate and multivariate relationships among the predictors and the criteria (futsal-specific change-of-direction speed and futsal-specific reactive agility) were assessed by using Pearson’s correlations and multiple regression analysis, respectively.Results: The predictors were poorly related to the different facets of agility (all trivial to moderate correlations). Multiple regression models were not successfully cross-validated for any of the types of agility performance.Conclusion: Generic power, speed, agility, and anthropometrics are not valid predictors of futsal-specific change-of-direction speed and futsal-specific reactive agility. As these futsal performances were used to mimic real-game situations in futsal, these findings suggest that superiority in generic motor abilities and anthropometrics may not have a significant effect on performance in futsal matches.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Associations between device-measured physical activity and balance
           performance in children: Mediating role of motor self-efficacy

    • Abstract: Study aim: To examine the association between accelerometer-measured physical activity (PA) and balance performance among children with considering motor self-efficacy as a mediator.Material and methods: The present study employed a correlational-comparative approach. The present study applied a correlational-comparative approach. Eighty-two children (40 girls) of Tehran city, Iran in 2020 participated in this study (mean age of 9.82 ± 1.64 years). Physical activity was measured using the ActiGraph wGT3X-BT accelerometer. Dynamic balance test was used to collect balance performance. Motor self-efficacy was measured using a standard questionnaire.Results: On average, boys had higher moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) than girls (47.28 vs. 36.74 minutes per day, respectively). MVPA was significantly and directly associated with children’s balance performance, and here, motor self-efficacy acted as a significant mediator.Conclusions: These findings underscore the need for targeted strategies and interventions for children, especially girls, to develop adequate levels of PA.
      PubDate: Tue, 25 Oct 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Effect of Indian folk-dance therapy on physical performances and quality
           of life in elderly

    • Abstract: Study aim: To study the effect of Indian folk-dance therapy on physical performances and quality of life in elderly.Material and methods: Forty healthy seniors with age between 60–70 years were randomly allocated into two group; Group A: Indian folk-dance therapy and Group B: Conventional therapy. Both the groups received 60 minutes session, five sessions a week for six weeks.Results: Inter-group analysis showed significant improvements in Group A in Fullerton advanced balance scale (Z = –2.91, p < 0.01; Montreal cognitive assessment scale (T = 4.77, p < 0.01); single leg stance with eyes open (Z = –2.07, p = 0.03); eyes closed Z = –2.12, p = 0.03), 6 min walk distance (Z = –3.03, p < 0.01) and SF 36 (physical component) (T = 2.38, p = 0.02) and SF 36 (mental component) (T = 2.42, p = 0.02).Conclusion: Indian folk-dance therapy showed significant improvements in static and dynamic balance, reduced risk of fall, improved cognitive function, improved physical functioning and quality of life than conventional therapy among elderly individuals.
      PubDate: Fri, 14 Oct 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Trigger point therapy – ischemic compression or perhaps cupping'

    • Abstract: Study aim: To evaluate and compare the effectiveness of single ischemic compression and cupping therapy on the most common trigger point, on the descending part of the trapezius muscle.Materials and methods: Twenty-five students (15 women and 10 men) aged 24.20 ± 1.27 years were enrolled in the study. The mobility of the cervical spine area was measured with a measuring tape. The pain pressure threshold of the trigger point of the trapezius muscle was tested using a Wagner FDX 50 Force Gage digital algometer. Each person participated in three tests with an interval of approximately one week between them. The following study protocol was followed; 1) cupping therapy, with a cup statically positioned on the trigger point for two minutes, 2) at a minimum interval of 7 days, ischemic compression performed with the thumb twice for 1 minute on each side 3) control test at an interval of another 7 days.Results: Ischemic compression resulted in a statistically significant difference in cervical spine mobility scores (except for extension) and pain pressure threshold values. After applying cups, statistically significant differences were also observed in the results of cervical spine mobility and pain pressure threshold values. No statistically significant differences were found in the effectiveness of the therapies tested.Conclusions: In the present study, single trigger point cupping and ischemic compression therapies improved cervical spine mobility and resulted in an increase in the pain pressure threshold in the trapezius muscle trigger point. These two therapies did not differ in terms of their effectiveness.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Relationships of attention and arousal are responsible for action in
           sports

    • Abstract: Study aim: The most important psychological mechanisms that are responsible for sports activity are arousal and attention. Study aim the relationships between the level of arousal and the level of attention, an attempt has been made to explain the mechanisms responsible for sportsman activity.Material and method: The study was conducted in a group of sportsman-students (68 individuals) using the Vienna Test System: FLIM, a test of flicker/fusion frequency, which is a measurement procedure allowing to determine the functional readiness of the central nervous system in terms of arousal and COG (Cognitron), which is a test measuring the level of attention.Results: The following in statistical analysis of the data were observed: inversely proportional relationships of image fusion frequency (FLIM1) during the recording of the level of arousal with: the correct acceptance of stimuli (COG1, r = –0.287), the correct rejection of stimuli (COG2, r = –0.320), the time of correctly accepted stimuli (COG3, r = –0.299), and with the time of correctly rejected stimuli (COG4, r = –0.317) in the attentional activity.Conclusion: Fusion frequency indicates the level of fatigue and is inversely proportional to the correctly accepted stimuli in attentional activity, the correctly rejected stimuli in attentional activities, and the duration of the attentional actions.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Sep 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on swimmers in Poland

    • Abstract: Study aim: To assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on health, lifestyle, training loads and competition starts of swimmers in Poland in 2020.Material and methods: The study was conducted in the form of a questionnaire on group of 123 Polish swimmers in 2020. The survey asked about differences in training, lifestyle and well-being following the introduction of pandemic restrictions. The mean age of the athletes was 23 years ± 7.6 and training experience 10 years ± 5.3.Results: The majority of swimmers (81%) were satisfied with their health status. Respondents did not experience changes in sleep quality and length during the COVID-19 pandemic. A large proportion of respondents (83%) did not follow a special diet, while they were willing to use supplementation (58.5%). Respondents stated that the pandemic did not affect their physical activity outside of training. The athletes evaluated negatively the changes in training and competition conditions caused by the pandemic (p < 0.0001).Conclusions: The study showed that the COVID-19 pandemic did not have a major impact on the health, sleep and physical activity of swimmers in Poland in 2020, while it had a negative impact in terms of training conditions and sport competition.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Aug 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Acute caffeine mouth rinse does not affect attention and hand-eye
           coordination in recreationally active adults

    • Abstract: Study aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the acute effect of different four caffeine mouth rinse intervention (caffeinated coffee, decaffeinated coffee, placebo, control) on attention and hand-eye coordination.Material and methods: Sixty-five healthy, recreationally active female (n = 41) (age 22.89 ± 3.94 years; body mass index 20.87 ± 2.63 kg/m2) and male (n = 24) (age 29.91 ± 12.06 years; body mass index 22.56 ± 2.21 kg/m2) volunteered to participate in this randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study. The Stroop Color-Word Test (SCWT) and Mirror-Tracing Test (MTT) was used. Participants first completed a SCWT or MTT, then rinsed and expectorated 25 ml of caffeinated coffee (containing 0.13% caffeine) or decaffeinated coffee or placebo (water) or control that did not rinse for 10 s, followed by SCWT or MTT again. Data were analyzed using a 4 (mouth rinse interventions) × 2 (pre-test and post-test) repeated measures ANOVA.Results: SCWT time, MTT draw time and MTT number of error measures were not significantly different between four mouth rinse interventions (p > 0.05).Conclusions: Caffeinated coffee or decaffeinated coffee mouth rinse for 10 s provided immediately prior to SCWT or MTT did not affect attention and hand-eye coordination.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Aug 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Championship interseason period did not reduce knee peak moment: A
           10-years retrospective study of 467 elite soccer players

    • Abstract: Study aim: To compare knee moment profiles of professional soccer players from different playing positions before and after an interseason period.Material and methods: Retrospective study of 467 healthy, professional elite Brazilian soccer players before and after an official championship interseason period during 10-years. Main outcome measures were isokinetic peak moment from knee extensors and flexors from concentric and eccentric contractions. A Two-way ANOVA analysis was used to compare each playing position before and after interseason period.Results: It was found no statistical difference in Ext.CPT (from p = 0.11 to p = 0.97), Ext.EPT (from p = 0.07 to p = 0.85), Flx. CPT (from p = 0.14 to p = 0.90) or Flx.EPT (from p = 0.10 to p = 0.91) between End-Season and Pre-Season evaluations for all playing positions (from Goalkeepers, Defenders, Backsiders, Midfielders and Forwards).Conclusions: Isokinetic peak moment did not have significant differences after an interseason period of 4 to 6 weeks, allowing trainers and coaches to focus their pre-season period on other performance concerns than strengthening.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Objective assessment of the functional status of stroke patients: Can
           comprehensive rehabilitation treatment improve their functional
           efficiency'

    • Abstract: Study aim: To check if the short rehabilitation treatment (3 weeks) complemented by complex rehabilitation on advanced equipment improves the functional status of chronic stroke patients; and which clinical and objective parameters can be used to assess the efficacy of such treatment.Material and methods: 28 patients 3 to 6 months after the stroke. They participated in 3 weeks rehabilitation program in Rehabilitation Hospital. This program was supplemented by rehabilitation on: Zebris treadmill, ALFA and GAMMA platform, Biodex Balance System SD, the Balance Tutor treadmill. Their functional status was assessed by: Scandinavian Stroke Scale (SSS), Timed-Up-And-Go test (TUG), balance tests on Zebris, instrumented gait analysis on BTS system.Results: The positive changes of the patients’ functional status were found in time of TUG test, in case of balance test for 95% of the ellipsoid area, lengths of major and minor axes of the ellipsoid, average sway speed, sway path length, total ground reaction force for left and right leg, and Gillette Gait Index in case of the gait analysis.Conclusions: The improvement of the functional status of chronic stroke patients after relatively short rehabilitation treatment was achieved, due to the addition to the standard rehabilitation treatment the program on the advanced technologically equipment.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Cultural capital competencies of teachers in sports education: A
           mixed-method study

    • Abstract: Study aim: In this study, the cultural capital competencies of physical education and sports teachers were investigated using the mixed method (quantitative and qualitative) research design.Material and methods: The participants of the quantitative method were 248 physical education and sports teachers working in educational institutions in Turkey, and 24 volunteers from this group were randomly selected for the qualitative phase. The analysis of the data was performed using SPSS 22.0 and QSR NVIVO-10 software. The Cultural Capital Scale was utilized to collect the quantitative data, while the qualitative data was obtained through two semi-structured open-ended questions.Results: The findings of the study revealed no significant differences in the variables of gender, education level and the type of location where the teacher grew up. A positive and high level of correlation was found between the Cultural Capital Scale and the subscale Intellectual Accumulation. The Intellectual Accumulation subscale was found to explain 87% of the variance of the Cultural Capital Scale (R2 = 0.872).Conclusions: Creating educational environments where intellectual accumulation, participation, cultural awareness, and cultural potential dimensions are considered at every stage of education is suggested to enrich the cultural capital accumulations of physical education and sports teachers.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • The 10-week of aerobic-functional training improves fasting blood sugar,
           insulin resistance, and lipid profile in patients with diabetic peripheral
           neuropathy: A randomized controlled trial

    • Abstract: Study aim: This study aimed to investigate the effect of a 10-week of combined training course on concentrations of blood sugar, Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR), and lipid profile in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy.Materials and methods: This clinical trial was performed in diabetic neuropathy women and men (30–60 years old). Participants were randomly assigned to two groups: exercise (EG; n = 10) and control (CG; n = 10). The EG performed 10-week programme with one session of aerobic exercises (40% to 70% of HRReserve) and one session of functional exercises (60–90 min/ day) at the same day for four days/week and the CG performed their daily activities. The Blood glucose, IR, and lipid profile were measured initially and after the intervention.Results: Repeated-measures ANOVA showed significant decrease in fasting blood sugar (p < 0.01) and HOMA-IR (p < 0.01), and greater improvements in TG (p < 0.05) and LDL (p < 0.05) in EG than CG, but. HDL concentration did not show significant changes.Conclusion: The 10-week of aerobic-functional training improves fasting blood sugar, IR, and lipid profile in patients with diabetic neuropathy.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Sex-related differences in the sagittal plane spinal angles in preschool
           and school-age children

    • Abstract: Study aim: The study aimed to assess the differences in the magnitude of the anterior-posterior spinal curvatures depending on sex in children aged 5 and 9 years.Material and methods: This prospective longitudinal observational study included 67 children (29 girls and 38 boys) in pre-school-age and school-age phases (the first examination at 5 years old and the second examination at 9 years old). Measurements of body weight and height were recorded. The computerized assessment of body posture was performed with the photo-grammetric method (MORA 4 Generation). The normality of the distribution of variables was assessed with the Shapiro-Wilk test. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to analyze the differences between the sexes in terms of body posture parameters and somatic parameters.Results: There were no statistically significant sex-related differences in the values of parameters of the anterior-posterior spinal curvatures in 5-year-old children. In the group of 9-year-old children in the angle of lumbar lordosis, a significant difference between the sexes was found (U = 387.00, p < 0.05). Girls aged 9 had a significantly higher mean value of the angle of lumbar lordosis than boys at the same age (p < 0.05).Conclusions: A sex-related difference was found in the magnitude of lumbar lordosis in school-age children. Understanding the gender differentiation of lumbar lordosis is the first step towards explaining the wide variability of normal lumbar lordosis in adults and the developmental and biomechanical differences between male and female lumbar spines.
      PubDate: Mon, 06 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Analysis of Olympic and World boxing medalists from 1904 to 2019: The role
           of age, height, weight categories and nationality

    • Abstract: Study aim: To investigate the role of age, height, and weight categories on the performance of top nations and boxing medalists in Olympic Games (OG) (1904–2018) and World Championships (WG) (1974–2019).Material and methods: Data were collected from 1,806 athletes using the website of International Boxing Association (AIBA), International Olympic Committee (IOC) and Wikipedia.Results: The average age of medalists was ~24yrs with an increase of age (medium effect) across this 115 years period. Height was 1.76m and the super heavy category had significantly higher values by age and height compared to the other weight categories. The top medalists were three men with triple gold medals on OG and 13 over three on WC. Performance was associated with nationality (p < 0.01, medium effect), where a dominance of Cubans (211 medals) was observed.Conclusion: These findings highlighted the importance of the long-term development and specialization of talent athletes for peak performance in elite competitions.
      PubDate: Mon, 06 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Non randomised trial of GRAVITY system therapy effectiveness in chronic,
           low intensity low back disc disease

    • Abstract: Study aim: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a therapeutically challenging pain syndrome. Physical exercises are the most common therapy used in CLBP treatment. The aim of the study was to verify if GRAVITY system exercise can be effective in the therapy of chronic discogenic low back pain. The GRAVITY system exercise aims at strengthening full body muscles using the trainee’s own body weight only.Material and methods: The study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04765293. We used TREND statement. The study populations were 50 patients with CLBP. The study population (group I) consisted of 25 patients who had GRAVITY system exercise. The clinical control group were 25 patients who received standard treatment in an outpatient clinic of National Health Fund. Before the start of the training, the patients’ had their muscle strength responsible for stabilizing the lumbar segment measured. We also measured patients’ Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) prior to and after the therapy cycle. The therapy was conducted twice a week for 40 minutes over the period of 4 weeks. The clinical control group were 25 patients who received treatment from the National Health Fund and had only standardised physical therapy (laser, ultrasound, cryotherapy and magnetic therapy) sessions for two weeks.Results. We found statistically significant reduction in pain and disability in the study population after the treatment, but muscle strength did not increase significantly.Conclusions: 1. GRAVITY system exercise might efficient in pain and disability reduction. Muscle strength did not increase after therapy. 2. Pain and disability had positive correlation with female sex, decreased physical activity and sedentary work.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
 
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