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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
Showing 1 - 3 of 3 Journals sorted by number of followers
European Journal of Sport Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77)
Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 75)
International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 57)
American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
ACTIVE : Journal of Physical Education, Sport, Health and Recreation     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
International Journal of Exercise Science     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
International Journal of Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
International Review for the Sociology of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Comparative Exercise Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Qualitative Research in Sport and Exercise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Sport and Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Sport Psychology in Action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of the History of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Kinesiology and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Human Kinetics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Human Sport and Exercise     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Physical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Sport Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Sport Sciences and Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Sport Coaching Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Soccer & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Sport History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Sport Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Sociology of Sport Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Applied Sport Science     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Sport Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sport in History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Isokinetics and Exercise Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Science and Cycling     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Sport History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
The Sport Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Turfgrass Society Research Journal     Free   (Followers: 10)
Biomedical Human Kinetics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Curriculum Studies in Health and Physical Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Communication & Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Sport, Business and Management : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Sport Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Perceptual and Motor Skills     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Sport & Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Australian and New Zealand Sports Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Health Promotion & Physical Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Philosophy of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Physical Education and Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Science in Sport and Exercise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Sports Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Physician and Sportsmedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Berkeley Journal of Entertainment and Sports Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Athletic Enhancement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Sport and Fitness Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Intercollegiate Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Sport Management Education Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Sport Management: Research that Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Computer Science in Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Sports Coaching Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sports Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part P: Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Coaching Psykologi : The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Kinesiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
NINE : A Journal of Baseball History and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Pace Intellectual Property, Sports & Entertainment Law Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Physical Education and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Recreation and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sport, Exercise & Training Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Sports and Active Living     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physical Activity Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Footwear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sports Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Strategies : A Journal for Physical and Sport Educators     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Quest     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Sports Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Seton Hall Journal of Sports and Entertainment Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
PALAESTRA : Adapted Sport, Physical Education, and Recreational Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Facultatis Educationis Physicae Universitatis Comenianae     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Amateur Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Journal for Sport and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Athlete Development and Experience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sport Science and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Reabilitacijos Mokslai : Slauga, Kineziterapija, Ergoterapija     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indonesian Journal of Sport Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research : Sportwissenschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sportverletzung · Sportschaden     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Podium Sport, Leisure and Tourism Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sporting Traditions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Arena-Journal of Physical Activities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Andaluza de Medicina del Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Timisoara Physical Education and Rehabilitation Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
UNLV Gaming Research & Review Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sport and Art     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sports Medicine International Open     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physical Education Health and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physical Education and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
SPORTIVE : Journal Of Physical Education, Sport and Recreation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Baltic Journal of Sport and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Football(s) : Histoire, Culture, Économie, Société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Managing Sport and Leisure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
College Athletics and The Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Movement & Sport Sciences : Science & Motricité     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultura, Ciencia y Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Golf Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Educación física y deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte : International Journal of Medicine and Science of Physical Activity and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RBNE - Revista Brasileira de Nutrição Esportiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jeffrey S. Moorad Sports Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Marquette Sports Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sportis. Scientific Journal of School Sport, Physical Education and Psychomotricity     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences : Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Sport Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kinesiology : International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Kinesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Spor Bilimleri Dergisi / Hacettepe Journal of Sport Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Corpoconsciência     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal for the Measurement of Physical Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Global Sport Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Science and Medicine in Football     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos em Movimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sports Law and Governance Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Laisvalaikio Tyrimai     Open Access  
Video Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access  
Forum Kinder- und Jugendsport : Zeitschrift für Forschung, Transfer und Praxisdialog     Hybrid Journal  
eJRIEPS : Ejournal de la recherche sur l'intervention en éducation physique et sport     Open Access  
SPORT TK-Revista EuroAmericana de Ciencias del Deporte     Open Access  
Juara : Jurnal Olahraga     Open Access  
Arrancada     Open Access  
Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences     Open Access  
Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education     Open Access  
New Approaches in Sport Sciences     Open Access  
Forum for Idræt, Historie og Samfund     Open Access  
Cerdas Sifa Pendidikan : Sport Education     Open Access  
Quality in Sport     Open Access  
Journal of Motor Learning and Development     Hybrid Journal  
Sri Lankan Journal of Sports and Exercise Medicine     Open Access  
Sport i Turystyka : Środkowoeuropejskie Czasopismo Naukowe     Open Access  
Revista Intercontinental de Gestão Desportiva     Open Access  
Open Sports Sciences Journal     Open Access  
Ágora para la Educación Física y el Deporte     Open Access  
Journal of Physical Education and Human Movement     Open Access  
Journal of Sports Medicine and Therapy     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise     Open Access  
Gelanggang Pendidikan Jasmani Indonesia     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira do Esporte Coletivo     Open Access  
International Journal of Science Culture and Sport     Open Access  
SIPATAHOENAN : South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education     Open Access  
Research on ٍEducational Sport     Open Access  
Conexões     Open Access  
Ulusal Spor Bilimleri Dergisi / Journal of National Sport Sciences     Open Access  
Türkiye Spor Bilimleri Dergisi / Turkish Journal of Sports Science     Open Access  
Spor Eğitim Dergisi     Open Access  
Spor Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi     Open Access  
Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi / Ondokuz Mayıs University Journal of Sports and Performance Researches     Open Access  
Jurnal Keolahragaan     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte     Open Access  
Physical Education of Students     Open Access  
Jendela Olahraga     Open Access  
Jurnal Abdimas     Open Access  
International Journal of Sports Marketing and Sponsorship     Hybrid Journal  
Retos : Nuevas Tendencias en Educación Física, Deportes y Recreación     Open Access  
Martial Arts Studies     Open Access  
Sportphysio     Hybrid Journal  
Citius, Altius, Fortius     Open Access  
Слобожанський науково-спортивний вісник     Open Access  
Educación Física y Ciencia     Open Access  
RBFF - Revista Brasileira de Futsal e Futebol     Open Access  
Materiales para la historia del deporte     Open Access  
FairPlay, Revista de Filosofia, Ética y Derecho del Deporte     Open Access  
Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas     Open Access  
mensch & pferd international     Full-text available via subscription  
RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte     Open Access  
Revista de Psicología del Deporte     Open Access  
MHSalud : Movimiento Humano y Salud     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie     Hybrid Journal  
Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism     Open Access  
Therapeutic Recreation Journal     Full-text available via subscription  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Biomedical Human Kinetics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.123
Number of Followers: 9  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2080-2234
Published by Sciendo Homepage  [389 journals]
  • POWERbreathe® S-Index Test – guidelines and recommendations for

    • Abstract: Study aim: POWERbreathe® S-Index Test is an accessible and functional evaluation of inspiratory muscle strength. The main purpose of this study is to present guidelines that allow to successfully apply the test in sports settings with high accuracy, robustness, and repeatability.Material and methods: Review of available literature and professional guidelines regarding traditional spirometry testing and POWERbreathe® trainers’ application was performed. The obtained information was summarized, analyzed, and interpreted to create POWERbreathe® S-Index Test guidelines and recommendations for practitioners. POWERbreathe® K4 and K5 (POWERbreathe International Ltd., Southam, UK) devices paired with Breathe-Link Live Feedback Software (POWERbreathe International Ltd., Southam, UK) were considered during the analysis and guidelines creation.Results: We recommend performing POWERbreathe® S-Index Test with 8 forceful and dynamic inspiratory maneuvers from residual volume to full inspiratory capacity, divided into 2–3 series of 2–3 maneuvers, in a standing position, after respiratory warm-up.Conclusion: POWERbreathe® S-Index Test may be a useful tool to measure functional inspiratory muscle strength in athletes. When performed with the presented guidelines, it can be successfully applied in sports settings with high accuracy, robustness, and repeatability.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Sep 2023 00:00:00 GMT
  • Effects of local and whole-body cryotherapy on hip pain and general
           activity in the course of coxarthrosis

    • Abstract: Study aim: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of whole-body and local cryotherapy on pain and function of the osteoarthritic hip.Material and methods: The study included 40 patients (26 women and 14 men) aged 36 to 85 years with confirmed hip osteoarthritis. Twenty participants received whole-body cryotherapy whereas twenty received local cryotherapy in the hip region. A visual analog scale (VAS) was used to assess the effects of therapy.Results: Based on the examinations, improvements in both reported pain and general functional status of the participants were observed in both groups. Slightly greater improvement regarding reported pain was found in the group of participants undergoing local cryotherapy treatments.Conclusion: The results showed that the analgesic effect of both whole-body and local cryotherapy noticeably increased the ability of the participants to engage in activities of daily living.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Sep 2023 00:00:00 GMT
  • Determining and comparing the optimum power loads in hexagonal and
           straight bar deadlifts in novice strength-trained males

    • Abstract: Study aim: This study aimed to determine and compare the ‘optimum power load’ in the hexagonal (HBDL) and straight (SBDL) bar deadlift exercises.Material and methods: Fifteen novice strength-trained males performed three repetitions of the HBDL and SBDL at loads from 20–90% of their one-repetition maximum (1RM). Peak power, average power, peak velocity, and average velocity were determined from each repetition using a velocity-based linear position transducer.Results: Repeated measures ANOVA revealed a significant effect of load for HBDL and SBDL (all p < 0.001). Post-hoc analyses revealed peak power outputs for HBDL were similar across 50–90% 1RM, with the highest peak power recorded at 80% 1RM (1053 W). The peak power outputs for SBDL were similar across 40–90% 1RM, with the highest peak power recorded at 90% 1RM (843 W). A paired sample t-test revealed that HBDL showed greater peak power at 60% (Hedges’ g effect size g = 0.53), average power at 50–70%, (g = 0.56–0.74), and average velocity at 50% of 1RM (g = 0.53). However, SBDL showed greater peak velocity at 20% (g = 0.52) and average velocity at 90% of 1RM (g = 0.44).Conclusion: Practitioners can use these determined loads to target peak power and peak velocity outputs for the HBDL and SBDL exercises (e.g., 50–90% 1RM in HBDL). The HBDL may offer additional advantages resulting in greater peak power and average power outputs than the SBDL.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Sep 2023 00:00:00 GMT
  • Biochemical assessment of insulin and vitamin D levels in obese
           adolescents after diet and physical activity: A retrospective
           observational study

    • Abstract: Study aim: Obesity is a serious public health problem that has spread over the past 40 years in industrialized countries. This condition can predispose to the onset of several chronic diseases for instance hyperlipidemia which is involved in multiple signaling pathways for bone homeostasis. There is a communication between adipose tissue and bone, which can regulate each other through feedback mechanisms including glucose consumption by bone, also regulating insulin levels. In our observational study, we analyzed the effects of low-impact training, particularly swimming, combined with a mediterranean diet on obese pre-adolescents.Material and methods: Six-month of an observational study was performed involving twenty pre-adolescents aged between 8 and 12 years with diagnosed obesity with z-BMI >2, according to the World Health Organization guidelines.Results: The assessment was carried out at the beginning of the intervention (T0) and at the end of treatment (T1). All participants were randomly assigned to either: the control group (CG) just followed the mediterranean diet whilst the experimental group (EG) over the mediterranean diet followed a planned physical activity.The results showed statistically significant differences between T0 and T1 in both CG and EG, especially concerning 1,25(OH)2D and insulin levels. However, the differences were more impressive in EG (1,25(OH)2D 9.27 vs 25.64; Insulin 29.31 vs 12.66) compared with CG (1,25(OH)2D 8.7 vs 13.7; Insulin 28.45 vs 22.76).Conclusions: In conclusion, these results showed the importance of diet and low-impact exercise intervention to improve pre-adolescent’s health especially those with obesity.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Sep 2023 00:00:00 GMT
  • Effects of complex-contrast training on physical fitness in male field
           hockey athletes

    • Abstract: Study aim: This study aimed to examine the effects of a six-week complex-contrast training (CCT) intervention on the physical fitness of male field hockey athletes.Material and methods: Participants were randomized into a CCT (n = 8) or control (CG; n = 6) group. Physical fitness was assessed pre- and post-six-week intervention using a 30 m linear sprint test, medicine ball throw, standing long jump (SLJ), countermovement jump with arm swing (CMJA), modified T-test (MAT), and unilateral isokinetic maximal strength test (knee flexion and extension) of both legs. The six-week CCT intervention was integrated as three weekly sessions within the sport-specific training schedule of field hockey athletes. Each session included four contrast pair exercises (e.g., squat + squat jump). ANCOVA with baseline scores as a covariate was used to analyze the specific training effects.Results: Significant differences between CCT and CG were observed in the 30 m sprint, CMJA, MAT, and isokinetic strength (p < 0.001–0.013) after the intervention, favoring the CCT group. Further, post-hoc analyses revealed significant pre to post improvements in all dependent variables for the CCT group (p < 0.001–0.001; effect size [g] = 0.28–2.65; %Δ = 3.1–16.3), but not in the CG (p = 0.169–0.991; g = 0.00–0.32; %Δ = 0.0–2.6).Conclusion: Supplementing regular field hockey training with CCT is recommended as an effective training strategy to improve the performance of linear sprints, vertical jumps, changes of direction, and muscle strength in amateur male field hockey athletes.
      PubDate: Tue, 29 Aug 2023 00:00:00 GMT
  • Knock knee deformity and body mass index among the male school students of
           9 to 13 years old of chandigarh, India

    • Abstract: Study aim: To study knock knee deformity and the body mass index among male school students of Chandigarh, India. The study also intended to evaluate the association of knock knee deformity with BMI.Material and method: In total, 900 school students were selected, and out of these 300 each were from private, government model and government schools in slum areas. Convenient sampling was employed. The age of the subjects ranged from 9 to 13 years. Height, weight, BMI and intermalleolar distance of selected subjects were assessed. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA and correlation were employed.Results: The highest percentages of obese (11.3%) and overweight (15.3%) students were found in the private schools. The highest percentages of severe knock knee deformity (10.7%) were found in the students of the private schools, whereas 16.7% of students in the government model schools had moderate knock knee deformity. Height, weight and BMI were significantly correlated with knock knee deformity.Conclusion: Body weight among the school students might be associated with the school type, as the problem of obesity and underweight was pervasive in private and government schools. Knock knee deformity was related to the school type and body weight status.
      PubDate: Thu, 10 Aug 2023 00:00:00 GMT
  • Reliability of a self-report questionnaire to assess parents’
           postural knowledge

    • Abstract: Study aim: To develop a reliable and valid questionnaire to assess parents’ postural knowledge.Material and methods: This questionnaire was conducted on 30 Iranian parents. The questionnaire assessed knowledge of abnormalities in body posture and ergonomic knowledge of parents, which were in line with their postural knowledge. The kappa coefficient (test–retest reliability) of the questionnaire included assessing its stability over 1 week among 30 participants. The validity of the content of the questionnaire was checked and agreed upon by three experts from three different institutions.Results: The kappa coefficient for 19 questions and their 46 sub-questions ranged from 0.30 to 1. Out of these items, 89% (n = 41) had a value of 0.6 or above and 11% (n = 5) were below 0.6. Questions were categorized as “no change expected” (0.86÷1), “change unlikely” (0.68÷1), and “change likely” (0.30÷0.68).Conclusions: The Parent’s Postural Knowledge Questionnaire was found to be highly reliable and its contents relevant for the assessment of postural knowledge among Iranian parents. This tool is appropriate for studying larger populations in the variable of interest.
      PubDate: Thu, 10 Aug 2023 00:00:00 GMT
  • The influence of percussion massage on knee’s range of motion in two

    • Abstract: Study aim: The practical application of vibration stimuli is increasingly observed in physiotherapy and sports. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of local vibration on knee-joint range of motion (ROM) improvement among male American football players.Materials and methods: The study consisted of 31 participants (age 22.9 ± 4.3), divided by knee injury (KI) history and nKI (no knee injury). The intervention involved the use of vibration on parts of the quadriceps muscle with a 10-second vibration and 5-second intermission protocol. ROM measurements were conducted in the prone position (PrP) before the intervention, immediately after, and after 10 minutes, as well as in the half-kneeling position (HkP) before and immediately after.Results: Knee ROM increased immediately after (p < 0.001) and 10 minutes after (p < 0.05) the intervention in nKI in the PrP, and there was a statistically significant improvement in the HkP (p < 0.001). There was no significant interaction between ROM in PrP and knee injury (F2,58 = 8.562; p < 0.001), but there were significant differences in the ROM before (KI: 133.9° ± 6.26°; nKI: 144° ± 4.06°), immediately after (KI: 137.3° ± 6.98°; nKI: 145.9° ± 4.64°), and 10 minutes after (KI: 136.7° ± 6.75°; nKI: 145.6° ± 4.5°) the intervention. There was no significant interaction between ROM measurement in HkP and knee injury. There was a statistically significant difference in ROM (F1,29 = 33.76; p < 0.001) before (KI: 141.4° ± 7.66°; nKI: 146.4° ± 7.17°) and immediately after (KI: 145.3° ± 8.22°; nKI: 150.2° ± 6.32°) the intervention in the HkP.Conclusions: Local vibration may increase knee ROM by improving soft tissue elasticity.
      PubDate: Sat, 22 Jul 2023 00:00:00 GMT
  • Myofascial and balance tests after anterior cruciate ligament
           reconstruction in adolescent patients

    • Abstract: Study aim: The functional assessment of patients after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is one of the key points in deciding whether one can safely return to physical activity. The aim of this study is to investigate the usefulness of the NEURAC® tests and single leg balance test (SLBT) in the functional evaluation of adolescent patients after ACLR to detect differences between the operated and non-operated extremity.Material and methods: A total of 31 physically active, adolescent patients (mean age: 15.7 ± 1.4 years) who underwent primary single-bundle ACLR using the autogenous semitendinosus-gracilis tendon graft were evaluated using the NEURAC® and SLBT tests (mean time from surgery to examination was 6.6 ± 1.0 months). All patients were operated on by the same surgeon, and postoperative physiotherapy was carried out using a standardized protocol.Results: Only one of the NEURAC® tests showed significant differences between the operated and non-operated extremities: prone bridging (3.58º vs. 3.97º, P = 0.01). Several weak and moderate, significant correlations between NEURAC® and SLBT tests were observed in the operated (r from –0.42 to 0.37) and non-operated (r from –0.37 to –0.43) extremitiesConclusions: The NEURAC® tests in comparison to SLBT seems to be more effective for detecting functional differences between the operated and non-operated extremity in adolescent patients about 6 months post-ACLR. Correlations between the outcomes of the NEURAC® tests and SLBT are not clear.
      PubDate: Sat, 22 Jul 2023 00:00:00 GMT
  • Changes in thrust force in swimmers in the annual training cycle

    • Abstract: Study aim: Determination of changes in thrust force and effect size of training load in swimmers using four swimming strokes monitored 4 times a year.Material and methods: Five elite male swimmers were examined in a training macrocycle of 9 months. The swimmers were examined four times: at baseline (September), immediately after the winter Polish Championships (December), at the end of the transition period (March), and immediately after the summer Polish Championships (late May).Results: In all participants, significant differences in strength (p < 0.001) were observed between measurements I and II (p < 0.001) and between measurements I and IV (p < 0.001). Athletes specializing in the 200 m were characterized by a smaller decline in thrust force. Athletes specializing in breaststroke had significantly higher (p < 0.001) thrust values than the other participants.Conclusions: It is suggested that the trainers measure the thrust during the preparatory period in order to verify the applied training loads aimed at developing strength, as well as during the starting period to verify the competitor’s strength level in correlation with the sports result.
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Jun 2023 00:00:00 GMT
  • Effects of complex-descending versus traditional resistance training on
           physical fitness abilities of female team sports athletes

    • Abstract: Study aim: The study compared the effects of six weeks of complex-descending training (CDT), traditional resistance training (RT), and sport-specific training (i.e., active control group [CG]) on measures of physical fitness.Material and methods: Thirty-one female team sport athletes were randomly assigned to either the CDT group (n = 11), the RT group (n = 10), or the CG (n = 10), and were assessed before and after intervention for linear sprint (10 m and 30 m), change of direction sprint (CODS), standing long jump (SLJ), running based anerobic sprint test (peak power, average power), resting heart rate, Cooper 12-min run test, and body fat percentage.Results: ANCOVA with baseline scores as covariates revealed significant between-group differences for 10 m and 30 m linear sprint, CODS, SLJ, and Cooper 12-min run test after the intervention. The further post-hoc tests revealed significant differences between CDT and CG in 10 m and 30 m sprints, CODS and SLJ, with results favoring CDT, and between RT and CG in 10 m linear sprint and Cooper 12-min run test, with results favoring RT. However, no significant differences were observed between CDT and RT in any dependent variable.Conclusion: CDT is effective in improving 10 m and 30 m linear sprints, CODS, and SLJ compared to CG, and RT is effective in improving 10 m sprint and Cooper 12-min run test compared to CG. Therefore, supplementing sport-specific training with either CDT or RT may offer additional benefits in improving specific physical fitness abilities of female team-sport athletes.
      PubDate: Sun, 11 Jun 2023 00:00:00 GMT
  • Rifle and aiming point accelerations do not differ between the most and
           least accurate shots in biathlon shooting within an athlete

    • Abstract: Study aim: As studies from shooting disciplines other than biathlon have observed associations between weapon accelerations and shooting performance, this study investigated whether accelerations of the rifle stock and aiming point (the point on the target where the rifle is aimed at) are associated with shooting performance, and differences in rifle and aiming point accelerations between the most and least accurate shots. Further, associations between rifle and aiming point accelerations were studied.Materials and methods: Shooting performance (HitDist, hit point distance from the center of the target) along with rifle and aiming point accelerations were measured from nine biathletes who performed 6×5 biathlon prone and standing shots.Results: In the prone posture, rifle or aiming point accelerations were neither associated with shooting performance nor with each other. In the standing posture, vertical rifle accelerations right before triggering were negatively associated with HitDist (r = –0.70, p < 0.05), whereas aiming point accelerations were not associated with HitDist. Horizontal rifle accelerations were positively associated with aiming point accelerations in standing (r = 0.74, p = 0.024), whereas vertical or resultant rifle accelerations did not demonstrate associations with aiming point accelerations. In both postures, rifle accelerations were of the same magnitude in the most and least accurate shots.Conclusion: Rifle and aiming point accelerations provide limited description of the technical level in biathlon shooting. Moreover, rifle accelerations alone do not appear to provide sufficient information to deduce the aiming point movements. Angular movement would likely be required for aiming point movement estimation.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 May 2023 00:00:00 GMT
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