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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.138
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2081-2221 - ISSN (Online) 1899-4849
Published by Sciendo Homepage  [389 journals]
  • Impact of Remote Working on Recreational Physical Activity (RPA)
           Behaviours – a Case Study of the Covid-19 Lockdown in Poland

    • Abstract: The aim of this article is to describe and explain changes in people’s recreational behaviours caused by the shift to remote work (RW) or work from home (WFH) due to lockdowns during the Covid-19 pandemic. A literature review revealed a cognitive, methodological and applicative gap in this area. This relationship has not been analysed so far, particularly among Poles.The authors developed an electronic questionnaire using a framework designed to study RPA behaviours. A survey based on the questionnaire was conducted from 20 May to 31 Oct. 2020 and included 533 respondents, with 371 people experiencing changes at work, 280 of whom shifted to RW/WFH. A combination of quantitative and qualitative data analysis methods (descriptive statistics and content analysis techniques, affinity diagram, relationship diagram) was used to analyse the survey results. The results of the qualitative analysis allowed a description of changes in the respondents’ lifestyles induced by the transition to RW/WFH. The results of the quantitative data analysis showed unequivocally that taking up RW/WFH had a negative impact on RPA behaviours. The frequency and duration of workouts decreased.The novelty lies in demonstrating the relationship between remote working/work from home and RPA and the inventive methodological approach. The results are universal and can be used to design work-life balance programmes for remote employees.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Dec 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • The Complex Club-Fan Relationship: A Glimpse into Stakeholders’
           Experience With the Aggressive Interventions of Fans

    • Abstract: This study aims to understand the club-fan relationship from the standpoint of club owners, CEOs, and head coaches (i.e., managers). Eight in-depth interviews were conducted with prominent figures from professional football and basketball in Israel. The current findings indicate that while clubs need the support of their fans, they often find themselves struggling with their aggressive behavior and demands to influence the club’s decision-making processes. First, this qualitative research provides an important insight into the unique experience of pivotal decision-makers in professional sports. Second, we apply the complexity lens to discuss the challenges faced by such stakeholders when trying to manage fans’ disruptive interventions.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Dec 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • European Cities of Sport as a Strategic Policy for Local Development of
           Sports: A Perspective from Sports Management in the Last Decade

    • Abstract: European sports policies have focused on the implementation of public instruments and policy measures, aiming to encourage EU member states to promote and improve sports habits, while simultaneously tackling high levels of sedentary lifestyle among Europeans. Despite these efforts, data concerning the various measures is quite limited, making it impossible to assess the real impact on the population, particularly in the case of the European Cities of Sport. This award has been held since 2007 and has already distinguished 193 cities; however, current knowledge does not allow researchers to theorise about its multiple impacts as a strategic policy instrument for the local development of sport in Europe, thus constituting a gap within sports management research. In order to further this knowledge, we explored European reality over a decade (2013–2022), analysing nine awards of Portuguese cities. We employed qualitative methods for documentary analysis of public information and descriptive statistics for data analysis. The results show that over 2 600 multidisciplinary events were organised, among which 402 had an international character (15%), an average of 50 sports disciplines per edition, 359 events related to culture and education, and involved over 1 000 000 participants, with an overall investment of over €39 million. This research now allows a theoretical-scientific and operational referential pattern of key indicators to be established for future European ECS applications, while demonstrating an encouraging relationship, from a sports perspective and economically, between public investment made and estimated return, thus contributing to better political decisions and to the positive implications of increasing public investment in sport.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Dec 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Unveiling the Impact of Mobile Fitness Applications on Motivational
           

    • Abstract: Notably, a lack of motivation appears as a significant contributing factor to physical inactivity, which raises one’s susceptibility to noncommunicable diseases. While research indicates a strong link between smartphone fitness applications (apps) and people’s motivational orientation towards physical activity and exercise, the theoretical basis of fitness app features for sustaining exercise routines remains unclear. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of fitness apps as a behaviour modification tool on people’s motivation to maintain physical activity and exercise behaviour. Using individual semi-structured interviews, we collected detailed accounts from nine active male and female fitness app users (Mage = 23.4 years, SD = 2.8). The findings of both inductive and deductive reflective thematic analysis revealed core themes emphasising that the use of fitness apps satisfies the participants’ psychological needs through fostering emotions of competence, autonomy, and relatedness. Furthermore, fitness apps make it easier to track progress, challenge oneself, and compete against other exercisers, which further motivates participants to sustain their exercise behaviours. Confirming the use of fitness apps as an effective behaviour change tool for sustaining healthy exercise routines, the findings offer valuable feedback on specific app features for fitness software and wearable device developers that could potentially enhance the functionality and impact of their apps. Further discussions include limitations and areas for future research, such as discerning the role of fitness apps in sustaining motivation among diverse age groups with specific health, sport, or lifestyle goals in varying sensory, social, and affective contexts.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Dec 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • What Does a Modern Coach Need to Become a Master in Dialogue with a
           Player'

    • Abstract: The aim of the research was to discover students’ opinions on the characteristics and qualities of a coach that, in their opinion, determine the structure of a relationship based on dialogue in the process of sports training. A diagnostic survey was used for the research by asking the respondents an open-ended question: „What do you expect from a coach who you would consider to be a master in dialogue with an athlete'”. The study involved 103 students of the Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw studying in the first year of full-time studies, majoring in sport. There were 80 men (77.7%) and 23 women (22.3%) in the study group. The average age of the respondents was 19.3 years. 76.3% of the students surveyed stated that they do sports. An analysis of the students’ statements was conducted in relation to the normative model of the personality of a physical culture specialist (Hodan & Żukowska 1996), which distinguishes three dimensions of this profession: specialist, pedagogue and human being. The analysis of the statements clearly indicates that, in their opinion, in order for a coach to become a master in dialogue with an athlete, he or she must strive to develop his or her competences, which are defined by all three dimensions indicated above.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Experience Quality Scale for Fitness Centers (EQSFC): Validity and
           Reliability Study

    • Abstract: This study aimed to develop a valid and reliable tool for measuring the perceptions of quality of experience for fitness center members. The research was conducted with two different sample groups who are current members of fitness centers. A total of 317 (141 females, 176 males) fitness center members volunteered to participate in the explanatory and confirmatory factor analysis survey, and 250 (102 females, 148 males) fitness center members volunteered to participate in the criterion-dependent validity survey. For the validity and reliability studies for the scale, explanatory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, criterion-dependent validity, Cronbach’s alpha internal consistency, and composite reliability were used. As a result of the exploratory factor analysis conducted to indicate the structural validity of the scale, a five-factor scale with 17 items included in i) communication quality, ii) physical environment quality, iii) outcome quality, iv) access quality, and v) entertainment quality was identified, explaining 63% of the total variance. According to the analysis results for criterion-related validity, a statistically significant positive relationship was detected between communication quality (r=.422, p<.001), physical environment quality (r=.582, p<.001), outcome quality (r=.597, p<.001), access quality (r=.458, p<.001), entertainment quality (r=.697, p<.001) and satisfaction. The results indicate that the scale can be used as a valid and reliable tool to measure the quality of experience perceived by individuals concerning the fitness center where they are members. In addition, it is thought that this scale, which details the factors that influence the customer experience in fitness centers for the first time, will provide an important contribution to the literature.
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Causes and Consequences of Iranian Elite Athletes’ International
           Migrations

    • Abstract: This study aimed to identify the causes and consequences of international migrations of Iranian elite athletes. This research was conducted using the qualitative method and Glaser grounded theory approach. The statistical population included senior managers in the Ministry of Sports and Youth and national sports federations, expert researchers in this field, professional athletes who have emigrated or were on the verge of emigration, and coaches in professional sports teams in Iran. Twenty-six people were selected through theoretical sampling and snowball methods. The data collection tool was a semi-structured individual interview. The Glaser approach was used to analyse the data, including two main stages of actual and theoretical coding. During the actual coding process, 468 primary statistical codes were identified, and 68 subcategories and 11 main categories were subsequently identified. The categories were divided into three general dimensions: “Factors affecting”, “Consequences”, and “Strategies” concerning “elite athletes’ emigration “; in the theoretical coding stage, the final model of the research was outlined. Identifying the causes and consequences of the emigration of elite athletes can significantly help the authorities to recognise problems in this area and provide appropriate solutions to retain adequate human capital in the country. We attempted to examine and present the causes and consequences of the emigration of Iranian elite athletes in the form of a model.
      PubDate: Fri, 10 Nov 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Analyzing the Relationship Between Individual Time Management Skills and
           Business Attitude of Sports Science Students

    • Abstract: Individual time management skills and a business approach are two fundamental abilities required for success in any life. The goal of this study is to look at the connection between the individual time management skills and business attitudes of sports science students. The quantitative, descriptive study used structural equation modelling (SEM) as its methodology. Students from Tabriz city’s physical education and sports sciences departments helped collect the data. IBM® SPSS® AmosTM 23 was used to process the results of the study for model and hypothesis testing. This findings revealed a substantial relationship between individual time management abilities and business views of 126 students. Other research hypotheses examining the relationship between the business attitude and its constituent elements were similarly supported. According to the findings, prioritizing the notion of planning in personal and business life is one of the most effective time management approaches, and students should educate themselves concerning time management and business attitude.
      PubDate: Fri, 10 Nov 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Hygge in Iran' The Lived Experience of Physical Activity of Older Adults
           in the Neighborhood Environment in Tehran

    • Abstract: Physical activity is considered one of the most important components of daily activities and a healthy lifestyle for the older adult to achieve well-being. The purpose of this study is to explore older adults’ views on physical activity in the neighborhood environment. This study is qualitative and interpretive in nature. In this research, thematic analysis was used to identify, analyze and report patterns in the qualitative data, employing Braun and Clarke’s six-step inductive approach. Twenty-four active seniors in the Ekhtiarieh neighborhood of Tehran were interviewed in person. The purpose of the interview was to probe into the deep layers of the interviewees’ mindset and obtain valid information. The analysis of the data yielded Hygge as the global theme, and the three main themes of joyful emotions and behavior (Wellness Hygge), perceived social support (Neighborhood Hygge), and safety and security, as well as eight sub-themes. Although Hygge derives Danish culture and its national identity, The creation of a Hygge subculture in the neighborhood through physical activity can be considered as a collective effort to deal with the contradictions in the society with happiness. The findings of this research have been chosen as inspiring concepts for a better and healthier life, to reproduce simple cultural elements that do not exist in the situation of the local culture, by borrowing from the the culture of Denmark, the happiest country in the world.
      PubDate: Fri, 10 Nov 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • An Evaluation of Athletes’ Opinions on Communication Barriers Caused by
           Coaches in the Interpersonal Communication Process

    • Abstract: Communication between athletes and coaches is essential in areas ranging from sporting performance to team cohesion, and a lack of proper communication between coach and athlete can cause many problems. This study aimed to assess the communication barriers caused by coaches as perceived by young adult athletes. Q methodology was used in the research design. The study group was recruited using the snowball sampling method, and a total of 27 athletes who met the criteria participated in the study. Principal component analysis was applied to analyze the data. It was concluded that the participants could be grouped under two factors, and a significance value of 0.50 was reached. In addition, communication barriers with athletes caused by coaches were analyzed in order of importance by giving Z-scores. As a result, the communication barriers arising from coaches were identified as discrimination, self-centeredness, bringing problems in their private life to work, having goals that conflict with the goals of athletes, inadequacies in knowledge transfer, and excessive expectations. This study reveals the adverse effects of communication barriers with coaches, especially early career athletes. It is also expected that the communication barriers identified will contribute to improved communication between coaches and athletes.
      PubDate: Fri, 10 Nov 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Motivations and Expectations of Olympic Volunteers: Building a Legacy of
           Personal Development as a Key Factor for the Success of Sports Mega-Events
           

    • Abstract: The scientific breakthrough in understanding the role of sports volunteers, as well as the importance of motivation and expectations management in decision-making, has boosted several studies, helping to reinforce the conceptual idea of a sports legacy, especially in relation to the participation and involvement of Olympic volunteers. In this sense, and reinforcing this idea, this study aimed to analyse and measure the perception of sports volunteers regarding the motivations and expectations arising from their participation in the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. The study followed a quantitative-descriptive and inferential methodology, with a validated sample of 828 responses collected through a semi-structured questionnaire adapted from the original VMS-ISE motivation scale. The results point to a reinforcement of the perceived importance and value associated with participation in the Olympic Games that translate into high levels of motivation and satisfaction by most of the volunteers involved. The most valued factors were the feeling of pleasure promoted by the experience, the possibility of personal and professional development, the passion for the Olympic Games, and the passion for sport. The majority of the candidates validated the post-event expectations as having exceeded their initial ones, and 92.0% of the volunteers would participate in a similar event again. The study allows the reinforcement of sports volunteers intentions and expectations, while validating and confirming previous studies on the importance of motivation and personal development in a successful recruitment strategy that fosters regular and consolidated participation of previous volunteers.
      PubDate: Fri, 10 Nov 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Those Fighting with Burden on Their Back: Elite Taekwondo Players’
           Perfectionism and Fear of Failure

    • Abstract: This study aimed to examine levels of perfectionism and fear of failure of elite athletes in the Turkish national taekwondo team through qualitative research methods. A total of 11 national team athletes (6 females and 5 males) participated in the research. The data were collected using a semi-structured interview technique. In the study, opinions, emotions and thoughts of elite national team athletes about the concept of perfectionism and fear of failure were determined. In the theme of perfectionism, there were 7 categories and 35 codes; in the theme of fear of failure, 6 categories and 36 codes were revealed. It might be concluded that perfectionism and fear of failure have a more complex structure than it seems for elite and high-ranking athletes, and this might affect their motivation in many positive and negative ways. In addition, it was found that when the coach is a family member, two concerns of athletes (the coach is upset due to failure, and the family is upset due to failure) come together. Therefore, those who are both a coach and parent should be more careful with their children/athletes. It should also be kept in mind that while perfectionism is a great source of motivation and self-confidence, it has the potential to make athletes drop out of sports.
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Oct 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Participation and Reasons for Non-participation in Sport and Recreational
           Activities Before and After the Outbreak of COVID-19: Analysis of Data
           From the 2016 and 2021 Poland National Sports Participation Survey

    • Abstract: The ongoing study of factors that hinder physical activity (PA) supports the adaptation of intervention strategies to changing conditions and the creation of a more conducive environment for active lifestyles. The aim of the study was to analyze the barriers to Polish participation in sports and recreational activities (SRA) before and after the pandemic. Face-to-face interviews were conducted twice with a representative sample of Poles (in 2016 N=12183 household members, in 2021 N=8351). Descriptive statistical analysis was conducted using frequency and relative frequency (%). A Chi-square test of independence was used to analyze relationships between perceived barriers of non-participation in sports or physical recreation in 2016 and 2021 and the gender and age of respondents. In 2021, 38.8% (36.7% of women and 41.0% of men) declared participation in SRA (regularly or occasionally), with a 7.6 % point decrease in the number of those active compared to 2016. 20.6% of respondents participated in sports and recreation regularly in 2021. Compared to 2016, (21.7%) the difference was not statistically significant. Men declared regular participation more often than women (23.1% vs. 18.1% – 2021). Four main barriers were identified: (1) lack of free time – especially among 30 to 39-year-olds, 40 to 49-year-olds and men; (2) lack of interest, willingness or preference for passive leisure activities – especially among 15 to 19-year-olds; (3) having a medical condition and doctor’s contraindications – among 50 to 59-year-olds and 60 and older; and (4) age – especially among 60-year-olds.These barriers have not been overcome over time, and persisted or even gained in importance during the COVID-19 pandemic in addition to medical condition and doctor’s contraindications. We therefore turn our attention to eliminating these barriers, taking into account their importance in specific populations. It is essential to motivate people to overcome internal barriers through social support, health care, and government actions.
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Oct 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Productive Organisational Energy and Performance in Estonian Football
           Organisations

    • Abstract: Sports governance is a broad domain in which many ambitious goals are expected to be considered by top management. Attending to productive organisational energy may be the key to consolidating and amplifying efforts by members of sports organisations at individual, group and organisational levels in order to achieve those wide-ranging goals. The aim of the article is to discover whether Estonian football organisations with higher results for the dimensions of productive organisational energy also show higher performance. Overall, we reached about 14% of the population of players, coaching staff and management from football organisations in Estonia. Productive organisational energy was measured using affective, cognitive and behavioural dimensions (Cole et al., 2012). Rankings in the league tables for 2020, 2021 and 2022 reflected the performance of the football clubs. The results demonstrated that football clubs that had higher levels of productive organisational energy were mostly placed in the top half of the league table. All three dimensions of productive organisational energy were similarly relevant in regard to performance. The connection between productive organisational energy and performance has so far been analysed only in business organisations and in one health service organisation. We brought the topic to the sports context and distinguished three dimensions of productive organisational energy while comparing the performance of organisations, which has not been done before. We also conducted the first empirical study that considers whether dimensions of productive organisational energy are balanced in better performing clubs.
      PubDate: Sat, 05 Aug 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Philosophy of Sports: Analyzing Sports Effects for Leadership Excellence

    • Abstract: Leadership effectiveness is one of the significant concerns in the business world. While attaining goals, leaders offer direction, encouragement, and inspiration. They aid in creating a vision and uniting people behind a common goal. The literature on leadership has shown that leaders are less effective, affecting organizations, the environment, and society. This ineffectiveness is believed to be due to their rigidity, arrogance, narcissism, and ill-being. The research on leadership has shown that, among other factors, stress is one of the leading causes of this inefficiency, affecting leaders’ well-being, attitude, relationships, and organizational productivity. As a result, leaders have poor awareness of how their environment is evolving. For that reason, stress management and a leader’s well-being (mental and physical fitness) become the primary concern for business organizations. Leaders are the frontrunner of organizations, leading organizational objectives such as profit maximization, continuous improvement, employee management, and stakeholder satisfaction. In order to manage the corporate goal and workplace stress, they must ensure their well-being (mental and physical fitness). This paper proposes sports to enhance leaders’ well-being and team-building ‘we’ attitudes, which help leaders to improve the organizational productivity. This paper employs content analysis methodology to justify how sports enhance leadership effectiveness. The time has come to understand the philosophy of sports, which has several benefits that guide practitioners to maintain a balance in their professional and personal life. This paper highlights sport as a vehicle for social change and personal development in leadership effectiveness.
      PubDate: Fri, 04 Aug 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Does Digitalization Accelerate the Winner-Takes-All Effect in the Sports
           Industry'

    • Abstract: Today media and sports are indivisible, having a kind of inseparable, mutually influential relationship. Media attracts audiences and generates profit through sports. In its turn, sports content is disseminated, transmitted, and popularized through the media. Thus, theoretically, sports and media exist in symbiosis. However, practically, this relationship is complex and includes many factors. First of all, in recent decades, the process of overall digitalization (and digital transformation) of all fields of life has had a crucial impact on sport, media, and their interrelationship. This paper aims to conceptualize and analyze the possible impact of digitalization on “winner-takes-all” (WTA) (winner-takes-most, WTM) dynamics in the professional sports industry, notably for spectating audiences, and answer the question: “Can digitalization be seen as a driver of ecosystem change and how it should be tested'” This conceptual model paper seeks to construct and develop a theoretical framework that can explain and predict relationships between concepts of digitalization and key sport spectating variables: audience, TV rights, and revenue through a prism of WTA. We found that the technological change in the sports media market and the greater global-orientated strategy of leading sports organizations have re-sorted and compressed many market shares, but the effect of technological disruption has been significantly less pronounced for the most powerful digital leaders in the industry. To this end, we represent digitalization as the main accelerating factor of the WTA effect (along with other auxiliary effects) in the sports industry and propose future research directions and perspectives.
      PubDate: Wed, 26 Jul 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • How to Improve Sports Fans’ Attitudes Toward the Sponsor Through Brand
           Management' A PLS and QCA Approach

    • Abstract: The aim of the article is to explain attitudes towards the sponsors of a sporting event from brand management, especially considering the perceptions of congruence with the sponsor, quality, value, and two less common variables of innovation and popularity. The analysis has been carried out using two methodological approaches: a Partial Least Squares (PLS) model and a Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA). PLS results indicate that congruence, innovation and popularity significantly predict attitudes towards the sponsor, explaining up to 61% of it. On the other hand, QCA analysis shows nine interactions capable of producing the expected result, where congruence, quality innovation and popularity have shown a relevant role. This study has implications at a theoretical and practical level, contributing to understanding consumer behaviour in the context of sporting events and providing marketing managers with valuable information to help improve the performance of their sponsorships.
      PubDate: Sat, 15 Jul 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Beginner-Coaches and Connectivity of Knowledge: Real-World Coaching and
           Self-Reported Importance of Prior Playing Experience

    • Abstract: In what amounts to essentially being a part two to our previous work with six beginner-coaches that found noticeable benefits to reflective practice, yet a number of possible drawbacks such as time constraints and at times over-focusing on negative emotions (Hamblin & Crisp, 2022), we build upon the aims of that study that related to what beginner-coaches (in recreational sport fields) considered ideal coach learning within in-situ, practice-based contexts. Through revisiting the data of the first study (Hamblin & Crisp, 2022) and exploring an additional theme related to how the beginner-coaches identified sporting experience as a beneficial prerequisite to their own coaching practice, the present study sought to further investigate, and build upon, the findings and aspects of the first study. Continuing to explore how beginner-coaches who operate more within recreational (although still competitive) sport fields perceive in-situ, ideal learning, and continuing the same methodological approach, the present study conducted semi-structured interviews with another five beginner-coaches, adding to the six in the first study for a total of 11 participants.Transcriptions were analysed using thematic analysis and the themes found included sporting experience, traditional learning, and the benefits of reflective practice which highlights the ways all of the beginner-coaches (within both ‘part one’ and the present study – ‘part two’) felt they learn best. Importantly, these findings showed the self-reported importance of actually coaching (‘real world’ applications) and, of particular note, what were considered by the beginner-coaches to be the significant benefits of having accrued playing experience prior to starting coaching. These findings then may well provide further evidence to uphold and develop methods of coach education in the future to facilitate learning.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Jun 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Analysis of Selection Criteria and Alternatives to Renewing Membership in
           Fitness Centers Using an Analytical Hierarchy Process

    • Abstract: The aim of the study was to determine the most suitable fitness center for members by using the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method, which identifies the criteria fitness members consider when choosing a fitness center. First, interviews were conducted with 20 fitness center members to determine the criteria. Then, the values obtained from the comparisons between the criteria, made by experts, were analyzed and evaluated using the AHP method. Eight criteria were determined: instructor qualification, interactions, cleaning, price, staff qualification, atmosphere, accessibility, equipment modernity and variety. Then alternatives to fitness centers were defined (low price, middle segment, premium) and a group of five experts was formed, consisting of members of various fitness centers and experts in sports sciences, and academics who conduct customer behavior research in fitness centers. Based on the opinions of experts, three alternatives and eight selection criteria were used in the evaluation. Alternatives are listed based on the findings. In the first phase of the study, weighting of the criteria and consistency calculations were performed, after which each criterion was weighted in relation to every alternative. As a result, the best alternative was calculated. According to the findings, price was determined to be the most important criteria in renewing fitness center membership, while premium fitness centers were determined to be the most important alternative. The research provides suggestions for reducing dropout rates and for the decision to renew memberships in fitness centers (such as flexible pricing, customer interaction, quality, and equipment modernity).
      PubDate: Sat, 17 Jun 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Perceptions and Experiences After Participating in a Two-Year Outdoor
           Adventure Programme

    • Abstract: Physical activity levels are alarmingly low and new strategies must be adopted to prevent this trend. This study focuses on examining the impact of an outdoor adventure education programme on adolescents. The participants were 75 adolescent students aged 12–14. The programme lasted two school years. Students participated in extracurricular schoolyard outdoor activities and outdoor adventure activities conducted during the two one-day and one four-day trips in both school years. A qualitative methodology was used with data collected using semi-structured interviews. At the end of each school year, 12 students were interviewed. Data analysis revealed that the programme promoted basic psychological needs. More specifically, adolescents reported that schoolyard activities and outdoor adventure activities promoted their satisfaction with autonomy, competence and relatedness. Interestingly, the programme gave girls the autonomy to choose activities that promoted their competence and interaction with peers in a better way than a typical PE lesson. Modifying existing curricula with innovative practices or planning new ones could improve the general quality of life.
      PubDate: Sat, 17 Jun 2023 00:00:00 GMT
       
 
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