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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 199 journals)
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German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research : Sportwissenschaft
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2509-3142 - ISSN (Online) 2509-3150
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • German version of the Talent Development Environment Questionnaire
           (TDEQ-5)

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      Abstract: Abstract The quality of the talent development environment and how it supports youth athletes has been identified as one major factor of success. Nonetheless, in psychological talent assessment there is a lack of standardized instruments addressing environmental aspects. One well-known questionnaire is the Talent Development Environment Questionnaire (TDEQ; Martindale et al., 2010). Until recently, the TDEQ had been translated into several languages, but not into German. Within this study, the five-factor, 25-item TDEQ‑5 (Li, Wang, Pyun, & Martindale, 2015) was systematically forward and backward translated and administered to 276 German youth athletes from different sports, aged between 13 and 21 years (mean [M] = 16.01; standard deviation [SD] = 2.1). In addition, 63 of these athletes completed both the German and English TDEQ‑5 to test for quality of translation. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the five-factor structure was acceptable according to the chi-square test to degrees of freedom ratio (1.9), root mean square error of approximation (0.058), and standardized root mean square (0.061). The comparative fit index (CFI) of 0.88 and the Tucker-Lewis Index of 0.86 was slightly below the 0.90 cut-off value. The reliabilities of the TDEQ‑5 factors were considered moderate to satisfactory (α = 0.62 to 0.75). In conclusion, the German TDEQ‑5 appears to be an applicable tool for use in research and applied settings but needs further analysis. In particular, we encourage future research to test the construct validity and ecological validity of the German TDEQ‑5 and suggest practitioners to utilize the tool to test and drive applied interventions within talent development environments.
      PubDate: 2022-09-07
       
  • Is competitive swimming training a risk factor for osteoporosis'
           A systematic review of the literature and quality of evidence

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      Abstract: Introduction Due to the controversy regarding bone health in swimmers compared to weight-bearing athletes, the aim of this work was to comprehensively analyze the effect of swimming on bone mass, cortical geometry, and trabecular microarchitecture as well as to assess the methodological quality of the available evidence. Methods A systematic literature search was conducted on PubMed and Scopus following the PICOS (Participants, Interventions, Comparators, Outcome and Study) strategy and the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. Forty-one studies were included and screened with Quality Assessment Tool for Observational Cohort and Cross-Sectional Studies for determining their quality of evidence. Results Swimmers’ bone mass tended to be lower compared to athletes engaged in high-impact sports, but similar compared to moderate- and non-impact sports as well as non-athletes, independently of gender and anatomical region assessed. Swimmers’ cortical geometry and trabecular microarchitecture tended to be similar to that of both athletes, independently of their impact loading profile, and non-athletes. Results were, nevertheless, based on studies with only a poor to fair quality of evidence, with most of them displaying a serious risk of bias. Conclusions No high-quality evidence was found suggesting that swimmers could be a population at risk of developing osteopenia or osteoporosis later in life. There is no evidence that swimming negatively compromises bone mass accrual, cortical bone geometry, or trabecular microarchitecture.
      PubDate: 2022-09-06
       
  • Digital technology in physical education: a systematic review of
           research from 2009 to 2020

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      Abstract: Abstract Digital media is currently one of the defining topics in discussions about schools and teaching. In this context, there has been a wide range of research in physical education (PE) in areas such as health, gamification, and wearable technologies. This raises the question of the goals pursued by empirical studies regarding the use of digital media in PE. The present systematic review provides an overview of the state of research in English and German on the use of digital media in PE. To this end, the included studies were those published between 2009 and 2020 in journals or edited volumes or as dissertations. They were found in relevant databases, selected based on criterion-guided screening, and transferred to the synthesis. Overall, this systematic review presents the possibilities and limitations of digital media in PE and highlights the goals regarding the use of digital media in PE that are pursued by empirical studies in the categories of physical, cognitive, social, affective, and school framework conditions. While benefits from the usage of digital media in PE—such as in terms of motivation or improving sport-specific motor capabilities and skills—were identified, barriers regarding the preparation of PE teachers were also found. More specifically, the benefits of using digital media to achieve PE-related goals were in the foreground in many of the selected studies. However, only a few specifically addressed learning via media, including topics such as data protection and the effect that viewing images has on students’ self-concepts.
      PubDate: 2022-09-05
       
  • BISp Informationen

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      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Entwicklung und Validierung eines videobasierten Testinstruments zur
           Erfassung des Noticing mit dem Fokus auf Anerkennungsprozesse im
           inklusiven Sportunterricht

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      Abstract: Zusammenfassung Dem Konstrukt des Noticing wird insbesondere im (inklusiven) Sportunterricht eine hohe Bedeutung für das professionelle Handeln von (angehenden) Sportlehrkräften beigemessen. Um Ansprüche eines inklusiven Sportunterrichtes umzusetzen, erweist sich Noticing mit dem Fokus auf Anerkennungsprozesse als besonders bedeutsam, da sich für die Gestaltung von entwicklungsförderlichen Anerkennungsverhältnissen durch die Relevanz der Körperlichkeit spezifische Anforderungen an die selektive Aufmerksamkeitslenkung und das theoriegeleitete Deuten von Anerkennungs- und Missachtungsprozessen im komplexen Unterrichtsgeschehen ergeben. Die Möglichkeit, diese Kompetenzfacette im universitären Kontext zu fördern, ist bislang kaum untersucht worden, was auch im Fehlen von Instrumenten zur standardisierten Erfassung dieses Konstrukts begründet liegt. Im Rahmen des Beitrags wird die Entwicklung und Validierung eines standardisierten, videovignettenbasierten Testinstruments zur Messung des Noticing mit dem Fokus auf Anerkennungsprozesse von angehenden Sportlehrkräften vorgestellt. Im Fokus der Validierung stehen der Testinhalt, die interne Struktur des Instruments sowie Zusammenhänge mit verwandten inhaltlichen Konstrukten. Die Ergebnisse aus drei aufeinander aufbauenden Validierungsstudien geben Hinweise auf die Reliabilität und Validität der Testwertinterpretation des Instruments ViProQiS_A. Die Erkenntnisse deuten darauf hin, dass mit dem hier entwickelten Testinstrument eine standardisierte Messung des Noticing mit Fokus auf Anerkennungsprozesse im inklusiven Sportunterricht realisiert werden konnte.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • DOSB Informationen

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      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • On the usability of digital sleep interventions in sports

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      Abstract: Abstract High sleep quality is highly related to better health and peak performance. Nowadays, multiple applications and platforms are available to track activity, to monitor heart rate, or to evaluate sleep quality. While activity tracking and heart rate monitoring are widely used, little is known about the potentials of digital tools to optimize sleep quality. Especially among athletes, who often suffer from reduced sleep quality because of full schedules and high competition performance pressure, interventions to maximize performance by optimizing recovery and sleep quality seem to be promising. In the present paper, we give an overview on existing research focusing on the potentials of digital interventions to enhance sleep quality among athletes. In particular, mindfulness-based digital interventions seem to be promising as they evidently foster high sleep quality and related health and performance patterns. Further, athletes can time- and cost-effectively integrate them into their daily routines. Future research is needed to empirically test the usability of digital features and suitable interventions to optimize sleep.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Active Homework: an under-researched element of the active schools concept

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      Abstract: Background Most physical activity (PA) interventions targeting children focus on the school setting. However, children and young people are often less active at home. The purpose of this article is to review evidence from the last ten years of the contribution of physically Active Homework (AH) to the promotion of PA. Methods Using a rapid review methodology, the article reports on evidence contribution of AH and considers conditions for its effective implementation. Results Although research literature on the effects of AH is limited and missing a theoretical base, studies reporting small positive associations between AH and PA levels were identified. Increases in PA were, however, of low intensity; moderate and vigorous intensities remained relatively unchanged. Conclusions Strategies to increase PA extending beyond the school gym are needed. Further and better research is needed to understand the conditions of effective implementation of AH. Nevertheless, there is a plausibility in providing students regular opportunities to further promote PA in students’ lives by practicing movement and sports skills, and offering a flexible way of finding and pursuing meaningful activities. The fact that AH may encourage the engagement of families and communities, multiplies its potential benefits.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Commentary: Face masks in physical education classes during the COVID-19
           delta variant wave: a call for awareness

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      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Influence of socioeconomic variables on physical activity and screen time
           of children and adolescents during the COVID‑19 lockdown in Germany: the
           MoMo study

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      Abstract: Abstract The COVID‑19 (coronavirus disease 2019) pandemic created a multitude of natural experiments about the change of human behavior in a widely unfamiliar situation. Besides physical and mental health, physical activity (PA) and people’s movement behaviors were of particular interest to researchers all over the world. In a recent study, we found that among youth in Germany, sports activity declined, whereas recreational screen time and habitual activity increased during the first COVID‑19 lockdown. In the present study, we analyze the influence of the socioeconomic status and the housing situation on the changes in PA behavior and recreational screen-time before and during the first COVID‑19 lockdown among children and adolescents living in Germany. We found an alignment of PA behavior among youth from families with different socioeconomic backgrounds during the first lockdown and identified the housing situation to be a meaningful predictor of the increase in habitual activity. We conclude that restriction policies, communities, and in the last instance parents need to enable access to nonorganized PA to all children and adolescents every day and especially during potential future lockdowns.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Systemtheoretische Überlegungen zur Unterscheidung von Sport und
           eSport

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      Abstract: Zusammenfassung Der vorliegende Beitrag greift die Debatte über die Anerkennung wettkampfmäßiger Video- und Computerspiele – des sogenannten eSports – als Sport auf und verfolgt das Ziel, systemtheoretische Überlegungen zur Abgrenzung von Sport und eSport zu elaborieren. Dazu wird erstens erläutert, welche erkenntnistheoretische Position dem systemtheoretischen Ansatz zugrunde liegt. Zweitens wird Sport gesellschaftstheoretisch beobachtet, um die Einheit des Sportsystems zu bestimmen und Formen der strukturellen Kopplung mit anderen gesellschaftlichen Teilsystemen zu reflektieren. Drittens erfolgt eine organisationstheoretische Beobachtung von Sport und eSport, bei der die Integration von eSport als Entscheidungsproblem von Organisationen konstruiert wird. Und viertens werden weitere Perspektiven einer wissenschaftlichen Beobachtung von Sport und eSport skizziert.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Perceiving reduced physical activity during COVID-19 lockdown is related
           to lower quality of life: a cross-sectional study with young adults

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      Abstract: Abstract Physical activity and social participation are positively related to mental health and represent resources that strengthen individuals’ resilience. However, the measures aiming to contain the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic included restrictions regarding these health resources. For many people, stay-at-home orders had a negative effect on mental health and health-related behaviors such as physical activity. Young adults seem to be a particularly vulnerable group. The study aimed to examine the relationship between changes in physical activity and perceived quality of life in young adults during lockdown conditions. We conducted an online survey during the second lockdown in Germany and assessed perceived changes in physical activity, social activities, quality of life (QoL), the perceived burden of changes in social activities, and current QoL in 212 young adults (63.7% women, mean age = 23.46, standard deviation = 3.63). Young adults that maintained or increased their physical activity level under lockdown conditions, rated their current QoL higher and perceived a less negative change of their QoL during lockdown compared to those with decreased physical activity. Furthermore, those who rated that their physical activity levels did not change or increased, perceived the reduction of their social activities as less burdening. The results indicate that physical activity is a beneficial health resource during lockdown conditions. This highlights the importance of gaining knowledge regarding the antecedents of reducing physical activity and developing strategies that support young adults to be physically active in challenging times such as the pandemic (e.g. ehealth/mhealth approaches).
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Relationship of executive functions and physical abilities in elite soccer
           players

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      Abstract: Objectives This study investigated the relationship of executive functions and physical abilities in youth and adult elite soccer players. Design and methods In all, 172 elite soccer players (12–34 years of age) performed a computer-based test battery assessing multiple-object tracking, working memory capacity, cognitive flexibility, and inhibition. Another series of tests measured endurance-performance at the individual anaerobic threshold (IAT), ability to repeatedly perform intense exercises (RIEA), and maximal anaerobic performance parameters (squat jump, counter movement jump, drop jump quotient, sprint time). Results Executive functions and maximal anaerobic parameters showed small to moderate correlations for example, working memory capacity and cognitive flexibility with sprint, countermovement- and drop jump along with a correlation of inhibition and RIEA. Conclusion These findings favor specific motor–cognition associations rather than a one-fits-all association. Specifically, sprint and jump seem to be more closely linked to cognitive skills than endurance parameters and represent fundamental associations across several age groups.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Forced to stay at home—impact of curfews on mood during a pandemic for
           individuals with exercise dependence

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      Abstract: Abstract The effects of COVID-19-related lockdowns on deterioration of mental health and use of exercise to remediate such effects has been well documented in numerous populations. However, it remains unknown how lockdown restrictions impacted individuals differently and who was more likely to change their exercise behavior and experience negative well-being. The current study examined exercise dependence as a risk factor and its impact on exercise behavior and mood during the initial COVID-19 lockdowns on a global scale in 11,898 participants from 17 countries. Mixed effects models revealed that reducing exercise behavior was associated with a stronger decrease in mood for individuals at risk of exercise dependence compared to individuals at low risk of exercise dependence. Participants at high risk and exercising more prior to the pandemic reported the most exercise during lockdown. Effects of lowered mood were most pronounced in participants with high risk of exercise dependence who reported greater reduction in exercise frequency during lockdown. These results support recent etiological evidence for exercise dependence and add to a growing body of literature documenting mental health effects related to COVID-19.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • „Exekutive Funktionen im Lehrplan“

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      Abstract: Zusammenfassung Bildungsstandards, Kernlehrpläne, Outputsteuerung, Kompetenzen sind Schlagworte, unter denen sprachlich wohlklingende und sachlich hohe Ansprüche an die Sportlehrkräfte gestellt werden. Der Beitrag analysiert an einem aktuellen Beispiel der Lehrplanentwicklung mit Blick auf Baden-Württemberg und Nordrhein-Westfalen die Begriffe „Selbstregulation, Fähigkeit zur Selbstregulation, Selbstregulationskompetenz und Kompetenz zur Selbstregulation“ und findet eine Kluft zwischen den allgemeinen Ansprüchen an die Entwicklung von Bildungsstandards und deren wenig differenzierter, eher faktoider Umsetzung in den Kernlehrplänen Sport. Es werden Wünsche für die Weiterentwicklung von Unterrichtskonzepten, gehaltvollere Bildungsstandards und für bessere Kernlehrpläne geäußert, damit der Sportunterricht nicht trotz, sondern wegen der kompetenzorientierten Lehrpläne guten Unterricht, Bildung und Kompetenzerwerb ermöglicht.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Psychological effects of 50-meter swimming: does tempo manipulation
           matter'

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      Abstract: Abstract Swimming is one of the world’s most popular recreational exercises and sports. Scholastic writings consistently demonstrate their physical and mental benefits. In contrast to earlier works, the current field experiment examined whether an ultrashort 50 m bout of swimming could yield positive changes in affect. It also tested whether swimming aided by steady and augmenting tempo (drumbeats) could generate additional psychological benefits, abbreviate swim time, and increase heart rate and perceived effort. Forty-eight adults completed freestyle or breaststroke 50 m laps in three counterbalanced conditions. The tempo manipulation did not influence any of the measures. However, simmers’ core affect increased as manifested in higher self-reported feeling states and arousal, regardless of the experimental condition. Similarly, participants’ positive affect was also increased after 50 m laps, and it was higher in breaststroke than freestyle swimmers throughout the study. No changes emerged in negative affect due to floor effects. These results show that core and positive affect improve after less than one minute of swimming, which might be the shortest ever exercise interval associated with positive psychological changes in recreational exercise. Several possible explanations could account for these findings. Therefore, further research is needed to identify the specific mechanism(s) responsible for the current results.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Wettkampfbezogene Emotionen im Sport – ein Scoping-Review

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      Abstract: Zusammenfassung Jegliche Art von Emotionen im Sport spielen vor allem in Wettkampfsituationen eine bedeutende Rolle, wenn es darum geht, zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt die optimale Leistung abzurufen. Emotionen können Auswirkungen auf der physiologischen, perzeptuell-kognitiven oder behavioralen Ebenen haben. Daher bildet den Schwerpunkt des vorliegenden Scoping-Reviews, die Untersuchung der Bedeutung wettkampfbezogener (state) Emotionen von Sporttreibenden. Die Literaturrecherche ergab 1126 Arbeiten, aus denen 15 Studien die Einschlusskriterien erfüllten. Diese wurden hinsichtlich ihrer Themenschwerpunkte betrachtet: 1) Emotionen, Kognitionen und Angst; 2) Emotionen, Leistungsbeurteilung und Stress; 3) Emotionen und Leistungsziele; 4) Unterschiede emotionaler Ausprägung im Geschlecht und Leistungsniveau; 5) Einfluss von Kausalzuschreibungen auf die Emotionen. Anschließend wurden die in den vorgestellten Studien verwendeten emotionserfassenden Messinstrumente betrachtet und vorgestellt. Zusammengefasst erscheint die Erfassung wettkampfbezogener (state) Emotionen rund um das sportliche Geschehen (vor, während, danach) ein wesentlicher Bestandteil der angewandten Sportpsychologie, davon abgeleiteter Emotionsregulationsstrategien und somit der optimalen Leistungserbringung zu sein, auch wenn der (deutschsprachigen) sportpsychologischen Praxis bisher nur begrenzte validierte Messinstrumente vorliegen.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • “Some hate it, others love it”: Formation of automatic and reflective
           affective processes toward exercising in fitness centers and mountain
           biking

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      Abstract: Abstract Based on a dual process approach, this study was conducted to test whether automatic affective processes toward exercise are not only interrelated with the amount of exercise but also distinctive for different types of exercise. In a quasi-experimental setting, N = 60 participants (30.87 years ± 7.53; 33% female) completed an Evaluative Priming task to assess automatic affective processes toward exercising in fitness centers, mountain biking and exercise in general and completed a questionnaire about their exercise behavior and their reflective affective processes toward each type of exercise. The results showed that the automatic affective processes toward exercising in fitness centers differed significantly among the three groups (d = 0.74). Those who regularly exercise in fitness centers (n = 21) provided the most positive automatic affective processes, followed by mountain bikers (n = 16) and those engaging in little or no exercise (n = 23). Automatic affective processes toward mountain biking were nonsignificant between groups (p = 0.30; d = 0.42). All reflective affective processes assessed via questionnaire resulted in significant differences between the three groups, always in favor of those who often perform the respective exercise. Our results show that automatic affective processes toward exercising in fitness centers are distinctive for the preference for this type of exercise. Furthermore, they underline the importance of choosing an adequate measurement technique to assess automatic affective processes toward exercise, especially if these processes should be indicative for the preference of different types of exercise.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Die Relevanz von Sozialkapitalindikatoren für die Mitgliederbindung
           in Zeiten von Corona

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      Abstract: Zusammenfassung Bereits vor der Corona-Pandemie berichteten immer mehr Sportvereine von zurückgehenden Mitgliederzahlen, episodischen Engagements und Schwierigkeiten bei der Gewinnung und Bindung von freiwillig Engagierten. Angesichts der komplexen Einschränkungen der Sportvereins- und geselligen Aktivitäten während der Corona-Pandemie stellt sich die Frage, wie diese außergewöhnliche soziale Situation die Mitgliederbindung in Vereinen beeinflusst hat und welche Bedeutung dem Sozialkapital zukommt. Der vorliegende Beitrag, in dem die Mitgliederbindung nach der Corona-Pandemie abgeschätzt werden soll, greift eine Forschungslücke auf, wobei v. a. die Relevanz von verschiedenen Sozialkapitalindikatoren betrachtet wird. Basis der empirischen Analysen bildet eine repräsentative Bevölkerungsbefragung, die Ende 2020/Anfang 2021 durchgeführt wurde. Die Mitgliederbindung der Sportvereinsmitglieder ist nach wie vor recht hoch. Sozialkapitalindikatoren, die sich eng auf den Sportverein beziehen, erklären wenig zur Vorhersage der Mitgliederbindung. Neben den im Verein wahrgenommenen Reziprozitätsnormen erhöhen Hilfsbereitschaft und Ingroup-Vertrauen die Bindung an den Verein, während Geselligkeitsorientierung und Outgroup-Vertrauen die Wahrscheinlichkeit verringern, auch nach der Pandemie noch Mitglied im Verein zu sein. Unter Einbeziehung aller Prädiktoren erhöht sich die Modellgüte auf knapp 26 %. Neben wenigen soziodemographischen Merkmalen tragen v. a. mitgliedschaftsbezogene Merkmale (z. B. Krisenmanagement des Vereins) zur Varianzaufklärung bei. Hilfsbereitschaft, Outgroup-Vertrauen und tendenziell auch Geselligkeitsorientierung stellen im Gesamtmodell die einzigen bedeutsamen Sozialkapitalindikatoren dar, wenngleich sie mit beachtlichen Gewichten zur Varianzaufklärung beitragen.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Correction: Entwicklung und Validierung eines videobasierten
           Testinstruments zur Erfassung des Noticing mit dem Fokus auf
           Anerkennungsprozesse im inklusiven Sportunterricht

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      PubDate: 2022-06-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s12662-022-00834-x
       
 
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