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  Subjects -> SPORTS AND GAMES (Total: 216 journals)
Showing 1 - 3 of 3 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Facultatis Educationis Physicae Universitatis Comenianae     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Periodica Duellatorum     Open Access  
ACTIVE : Journal of Physical Education, Sport, Health and Recreation     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Advances in Physical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ágora para la Educación Física y el Deporte     Open Access  
Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
Annals of Applied Sport Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Exercise in Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arena-Journal of Physical Activities     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arquivos de Ciências do Esporte     Open Access  
Arquivos em Movimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arrancada     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Athletic Training & Sports Health Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Australian and New Zealand Sports Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Berkeley Journal of Entertainment and Sports Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biomedical Human Kinetics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Cerdas Sifa Pendidikan : Sport Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Citius, Altius, Fortius     Open Access  
Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Coaching Psykologi : The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
College Athletics and The Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communication & Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Comparative Exercise Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Conexões     Open Access  
Corpoconsciência     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cultura, Ciencia y Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Curriculum Studies in Health and Physical Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
E-balonmano.com: Revista de Ciencias del Deporte     Open Access  
Educación Física y Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Educación física y deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
eJRIEPS : Ejournal de la recherche sur l'intervention en éducation physique et sport     Open Access  
European Journal for Sport and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Sport Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Physical Education and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
FairPlay, Revista de Filosofia, Ética y Derecho del Deporte     Open Access  
Footwear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Forum for Idræt, Historie og Samfund     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Sports and Active Living     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fruits     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Gambling Research: Journal of the National Association for Gambling Studies (Australia)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Gelanggang Pendidikan Jasmani Indonesia     Open Access  
German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research : Sportwissenschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
GISAP : Culturology, Sports and Art History     Open Access  
Gymnasium : Revista de Educação Física, Desporto e Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Human Movement     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
İnönü Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
International Journal of Computer Science in Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Exercise Science     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of Golf Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Kinesiology and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Recreation and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Science Culture and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
International Journal of Sport Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Sport Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Sport, Exercise & Training Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
International Journal of the History of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Review for the Sociology of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Sport Coaching Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Sports Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Isokinetics and Exercise Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Jeffrey S. Moorad Sports Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jendela Olahraga     Open Access  
Journal for the Measurement of Physical Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Amateur Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Sport Management: Research that Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Athlete Development and Experience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Athletic Enhancement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Athletic Training     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Caffeine Research: The International Multidisciplinary Journal of Caffeine Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Global Sport Management     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Human Kinetics     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Human Sport and Exercise     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Intercollegiate Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Motor Learning and Development     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62)
Journal of Physical Activity Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Physical Education and Human Movement     Open Access  
Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physical Education and Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Physical Education and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Physical Education Health and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Science and Cycling     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Science in Sport and Exercise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Sport & Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Sport and Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Sport History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Sport Psychology in Action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Sport Sciences and Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Sports Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sports Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences : Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sports Medicine and Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of the Philosophy of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Juara : Jurnal Olahraga     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Abdimas     Open Access  
Jurnal Keolahragaan     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Kesehatan Rekreasi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Sport Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kerbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kinesiology : International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Kinesiology     Open Access  
Kinesiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Managing Sport and Leisure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Marquette Sports Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Martial Arts Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Materiales para la historia del deporte     Open Access  
mensch & pferd international     Full-text available via subscription  
MHSalud : Movimiento Humano y Salud     Open Access  
New Approaches in Sport Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
New Zealand Physical Educator     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
NINE : A Journal of Baseball History and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Open Sports Sciences Journal     Open Access  
Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Pace Intellectual Property, Sports & Entertainment Law Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
PALAESTRA : Adapted Sport, Physical Education, and Recreational Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Pamukkale Journal of Sport Sciences     Open Access  
Perceptual and Motor Skills     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Physical Education and Sport Through the Centuries     Open Access  
Physical Education of Students     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Physician and Sportsmedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Podium Sport, Leisure and Tourism Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part P: Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Qualitative Research in Sport and Exercise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Quality in Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Quest     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
RBFF - Revista Brasileira de Futsal e Futebol     Open Access  
RBNE - Revista Brasileira de Nutrição Esportiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research on ٍEducational Sport     Open Access  
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport     Hybrid Journal  
Retos : Nuevas Tendencias en Educación Física, Deportes y Recreación     Open Access  
Revista Andaluza de Medicina del Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Brasileira de Ciências do Esporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Brasileira do Esporte Coletivo     Open Access  
Revista da Educação Física : UEM     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas     Open Access  
Revista de Psicología del Deporte     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Psicología del Ejercicio y el Deporte     Open Access  
Revista Intercontinental de Gestão Desportiva     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte : International Journal of Medicine and Science of Physical Activity and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Science & Motricité     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Science and Medicine in Football     Hybrid Journal  
Seton Hall Journal of Sports and Entertainment Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
SIPATAHOENAN : South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education     Open Access  
Soccer & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Sociology of Sport Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Spor Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi     Open Access  
Spor Bilimleri Dergisi / Hacettepe Journal of Sport Sciences     Open Access  
Spor Eğitim Dergisi     Open Access  
Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi / Ondokuz Mayıs University Journal of Sports and Performance Researches     Open Access  
Sport and Art     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sport and Fitness Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Sport Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Sport History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sport i Turystyka : Środkowoeuropejskie Czasopismo Naukowe     Open Access  
Sport in History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sport Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Sport Management Education Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sport Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Sport Sciences     Open Access  
SPORT TK-Revista EuroAmericana de Ciencias del Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sport und Gesellschaft. Zeitschrift für Sportsoziologie, Sportphilosophie, Sportökonomie, Sportgeschichte     Hybrid Journal  
Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Sport- und Präventivmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sportif Bakış : Spor ve Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sporting Traditions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sportis. Scientific Journal of School Sport, Physical Education and Psychomotricity     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
SPORTIVE : Journal Of Physical Education, Sport and Recreation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sportphysio     Hybrid Journal  
Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sports Coaching Review     Hybrid Journal  

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South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.164
Number of Followers: 7  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0379-9069
Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [185 journals]
  • Effect of a core stability, M. Gluteus medius and proprioceptive exercise
           programme on dynamic postural control in netball players
    • Authors: Roline Y. Barnes; Marelise Wilson Jacques Raubenheimer
      Abstract: Maintaining dynamic postural control is essential for netball players as they frequently find themselves on one leg having to make a precise pass. Evaluation of the physical profile of elite university netball players found poor balance during pre-season. The research aimed to determine if a six-week exercise programme incorporating core stability, m. gluteus medius strengthening and proprioceptive balance exercises would lead to improvement in dynamic postural control in netball players. A crossover randomised clinical trial was performed on nineteen all-female university level netball players. The 19 participants were randomly divided into two groups. Group A (n=8) participated in the exercise programme three times a week for six weeks, while Group B (n=8) acted as the control group after which roles were reversed. Participants were assessed at baseline, after six and 12 weeks using the Star Excursion Balance Test. A statistically significant improvement (p<0.05) was found in dynamic postural control across three reach directions (anterior, medial and posterior) post participation in the exercise programme. A programme incorporating core stability, m. gluteus medius and proprioceptive balance exercises could be beneficial for improving dynamic postural control in all-female university level netball players.
      PubDate: 2020-05-27T00:00:00Z
  • Agility performance of ipsilateral and contralateral direction of table
           tennis players and sedentary subjects of different ages
    • Authors: Henrieta Hornikova ; Erika Zemkova Ladislava Dolezajova
      Abstract: In the study, agility time of ipsilateral and contralateral direction of table tennis players and sedentary subjects of different ages were compared. Forty-nine young, early middle-aged, late middle-aged and older table tennis players and forty-six sedentary subjects of matched age performed the agility test. FiTRO Agility check consisting of movement reactions to visual stimuli to the ipsilateral and contralateral direction was used. The independent samples t-test revealed a significantly lower agility time to the ipsilateral than contralateral direction in both groups in almost all categories. However, the differences between directions in agility time (delta AT) were not significant among any of the age-matched categories. Nevertheless, small effect sizes indicate that playing table tennis contributes to smaller delta AT with increasing age. This effect was mainly observed between players and sedentary subjects of late middle (22.0%) and older age (23.4%). In addition, delta AT between late middle-aged and older subjects showed a tendency of midline-crossing inhibition compared with the ipsilateral direction in older age in both groups. Table tennis can be recommended particularly for subjects over 45 years to reduce differences in agility time between the ipsilateral and contralateral direction and to restrict the development of midline-crossing inhibition in older age.
      PubDate: 2020-05-27T00:00:00Z
  • Impact of physical fitness on recruitment and its association to study
           outcomes of police students
    • Authors: Nenad Koropanovski; Filip Kukić, Radivoje Janković, Raša Dimitrijević, J. Jay. Da Wes, Robert G. Lockie Milivoj Dopsaj
      Abstract: Physical abilities can contribute to good health and performance in police officers. An effective selection followed by an efficient study process can be highly important for police students. This research investigated the impact of physical abilities on recruitment of police students and its association with their study outcomes, grade point average (GPA) and the time to graduate (TG). Lower-back isometric force, vertical and horizontal jumping performance, muscular and aerobic endurance and motor educability of 618 male candidates of police studies were collected and eight years later, the GPA and TG were collected of those who graduated. Discriminate analysis investigated the differences between the candidates who were not selected, the candidates who enrolled but did not graduate, and the candidates who graduated. Correlation analysis investigated the association between the measured physical abilities and the study outcomes. Enrolled candidates compared to non-enrolled candidates were significantly better in the discriminative factor consisting of jumping performance, muscular and aerobic endurance and motor educability. The GPA and TG correlated with muscular endurance of abdominal flexors and aerobic endurance. This may suggest that students with better physical abilities have better chances of entering the academy and tend to have higher study outcomes.
      PubDate: 2020-05-27T00:00:00Z
  • Perceptions and motivation of top-level judokas from Côte D’ivoire
           about practice of rapid weight loss
    • Authors: Jean-Paul Kouassi; Polycarpe Gouthon, N’guessan Kouamé, Basile Agbodjogbe, Basile Nouatin Némé Antoine Tako
      Abstract: This study determined the perceptions, the motivation, and the different methods of rapid weight loss (RWL) and its consequences concerning elite judokas in Côte d’Ivoire. Twelve judokas finalists from the 2018 National Championship, including two women, participated in this study conducted as a series of semi-structured individual interviews. Judokas' perception of RWL, motivation for its use and actual practices in terms of frequencies and techniques were investigated. More than two-thirds of the participants (70%) believe that RWL does not have any consequences on health. They achieve their weight loss by combining several techniques (food deprivation, plastic sun drills, additional training and use of laxatives). They performed RWL for less than a week at a frequency of 3 to 4 times a year. The main reasons for employing this practice are the desire to win, the fear of opponents and encouragement from coaches. This survey revealed that judokas in Côte d'Ivoire are not well aware of the consequences of RWL, but that they practise it frequently. There is a need to raise awareness and also to inform judokas about the potential risks of this practice.
      PubDate: 2020-05-27T00:00:00Z
  • Hematologic responses following concurrent taekwondo and resistance
    • Authors: Musa L. Mathunjwa; Brandon S. Shaw, Tranyana G. Djarova-Daniels, Ina Shaw Ardalan Shariat
      Abstract: The aim was to investigate the effects of two short-term concurrent taekwondo (TKD) and resistance training (RT) programmes of differing intensity on hematological parameters in TKD athletes. Two experimental groups exercised five times weekly, namely a high-intensity concurrent training group (HiCon; n=14) and moderate-intensity concurrent training group (ModCon; n=14). The ModCon performed TKD training at 55-70% (weeks 1-2) and 70-85% (weeks 3-4) maximum heart rate (HRmax) and RT training for four sets of 10-15 repetitions for the 13 whole-body RT exercises. The HiCon performed TKD training at 85-100% (weeks 1-2) and 95-100% (weeks 3-4) HRmax and RT training for five sets of 10-15 repetitions for the 13 whole-body RT exercises. At post-test, the male HiCon demonstrated significantly (p<0.05) higher levels of red blood cells, haemoglobin and haematocrit, while the male ModCon demonstrated significantly lower monocytes and basophil levels. The female HiCon significantly increased their eosinophils, while the female ModCon significantly increased their haemoglobin and mean corpuscular volume, and decreased their red distribution width levels. This suggests that both high-intensity and moderate-intensity concurrent TKD and RT can improve selected hematological parameters, thus oxygen-carrying capacity and immune function, in even already TKD-trained athletes.
      PubDate: 2020-05-27T00:00:00Z
  • Time-motion analysis of elite under-19 female netball players using GPS
    • Authors: Michael L. Shaw; Frederik F. Coetzee, Robert Schall Wilbur J. Kraak
      Abstract: In this study, physical characteristics of and physiological demands on elite junior (under-19A) netball players during competition were investigated. Physical attributes, heart rate and accelerometer data were collected using GPS (Catapult OptimEye X4) technology from 44 players during 16 competitive matches. Overall, physical attributes of players and physiological demands during match play, playing positions were divided into three groups with similar attributes: goal keeper and goal attack; wing attack, wing defence, goal attack and goal defence; and center. Compared to the other playing positions, the goal keeper and goal shooter tend to be heavier and taller, cover significantly smaller distances during match play (all ten pairwise p-values relative to other five playing positions <0.0001) at significantly lower maximum velocity (all p-values <0.0101), and have lower player load. Similarly, the center covers significantly more total distance (all six pairwise p-values relative to other five playing positions <0.0013) in the highest velocity bands, and has significantly higher player load than the other positions (all p-values <0.0001). The findings accentuate the variation in physical demand between the different playing positions and type of load placed on those positions. Strength and conditioning coaches should consider these factors when training netball players.
      PubDate: 2020-05-27T00:00:00Z
  • Effectiveness of a taekwondo course on multiculturalism among
           African-american college students
    • Authors: Young-Ik Suh; Junhyoung Kim, Areum Han Minh-Cong Nguyen
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of learning Taekwondo on awareness of and attitudes toward multiculturalism of African-American college students at a historically black university (HBU), who completed a survey on culture-related physical activity participation. Repeated measures Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), 2 (time period: pre and post) X 2 (diversity-related content exposure: Taekwondo and basketball classes) was conducted in order to assess the students’ attitudes toward cultural diversity. It was found that Taekwondo participation can increase students’ appreciation, valuing and implementation of cultural pluralism. These results suggest that culture-related physical activity participation can offer rich opportunities for participants to gain cultural knowledge and embrace cultural differences and similarities. The study adds to literature on cultural diversity among HBU students by showing that a culture-related physical activity course had a positive impact on their attitudes toward cultural diversity. These findings emphasise the value of culture-related activities and programmes as a way of promoting multicultural awareness and participation among students.
      PubDate: 2020-05-27T00:00:00Z
  • Reciprocal marketing validation from a service-dominant logic perspective
    • Authors: Fong-Jia Wang; Chih-Fu Cheng Chia-Huei Hsiao
      Abstract: This study explores the impact of an innovative service model on consumer emotions and purchase intentions in a sports context. A quasi-experimental design was adopted. Participants comprised two classes of sport-related consumers. A four-week intervention was conducted with a pre-test and a post-test. Data were assessed using descriptive statistics, general linear regression and hierarchical regression. The veracity of the experimental intervention was evaluated and reviewed using an objective assessment checklist. Significant relationships were found between service-led logic, consumption emotions and purchase intentions. This results suggest that sports consumers are affected by the innovative service behaviour of the service-dominant logic model. Their consumption emotions and purchase intentions were enhanced. The abstract and concrete construal of service-dominant logic can expand the visible diversity of both sport and consumer behaviours. It provides a different perspective on the consumer behaviour process, as well as the feasibility of applying an innovative service model to sport and consumer behaviours. The present findings address the deficiency in innovation services research related to sports marketing. Implications and applications are proposed.
      PubDate: 2020-05-27T00:00:00Z
  • Athletic-ideal internalisation : lived experiences of female students
    • Authors: Lindi Williams; Ruan Spies Del Naidoo
      Abstract: Research has shown a clear relationship between the thin-ideal internalisation, disturbed eating and body-related disturbances. With regard to athletic internalisation, the relationship with these outcomes appears to be less detrimental than was found with the thin-ideal. However, minimal research has been done on the lived experiences of individuals subscribing to the athletic-ideal. This qualitative study followed a phenomenological approach to explore the perceptions of nine participants of their athletic-ideal internalisation. Data from semi-structured interviews were analysed through Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Results indicated a prominent theme of balance with regard to eating and exercise. In this study, it was evident that pursuits of participants of the athletic-ideal body are more focused on health-related goals than on appearance-related ideals. Following the guidelines of a healthy lifestyle and a balanced exercise routine seems to act as protective factors against body image disturbances, maladaptive eating and compulsive exercise.
      PubDate: 2020-05-27T00:00:00Z
  • Physical activity patterns and levels of adolescent learners from low and
           middle socio-economic status communities in Kwazulu-Natal Province
    • Authors: Patrick M. Zimu; Hendrik J. van Heerden Jeanne M. Grace
      Abstract: A sedentary lifestyle and insufficient physical activity (PA) increases the risk of developing chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Knowing the PA levels and patterns of adolescents from different socio-economic backgrounds is important to direct programmes at schools and in communities to prevent NCDs risk factors, which can have long-term effects on the health of the adolescents. The study aimed to investigate adolescent PA levels, patterns and influencing factors (age, gender, socio-economic status). The 353 participants (203 females, 150 males) from eight low socio-economic status (LSES) and middle socio-economic status (MSES) public secondary schools completed a Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents (PAQ-A). The PA Levels (2.61±0.74) were below the international PA cut-off points of mean=2.75. Physical education (PE) showed the highest PA score (3.05±1.21) and ‘during lunch breaks’ the lowest (2.09±1.14). Positive correlations occurred between PA levels and SES (r=0.122; p=0.022), and PA and gender (r=0.223; p=0.0001). LSES participant’s PA score was significantly lower (2.52±0.73) than those from MSES (2.70±0.74; p=0.022). As adolescents are not sufficiently active, school and community PA programmes need to be implemented in schools and communities to supplement PE in order to prevent short- and long-term health problems.
      PubDate: 2020-05-27T00:00:00Z
  • Effect of a skills specific coaching education programme on the skill
           level of mini-rugby players
    • Authors: Jacques Basson; Wilbur Kraak
      Abstract: It is essential to design age-appropriate activities and practices to develop youth rugby players optimally. The current study aimed to determine the effect of a skills specific coaching education programme on the skill level of mini-rugby players in the Western Province Rugby Union. The participants of this study consisted of coaches (N=6) and players (N=181) from different primary schools in Cape Town, Western Cape Province, South Africa. The schools were selected based on the mini-rugby structure at the schools, to ensure a uniform environment between the experimental and control groups. Two of the four schools were randomly allocated to the experimental group (n=84) and the other two schools were randomly allocated to the control group (n=97). After being exposed to the 16-week skills programme, the experimental group, when compared to the control group, showed significant improvements (p<0.05) in five of the six skills (passing, catching, picking up the ball, tackling and taking the ball into contact). Although the control group improved in three of the skills, the improvements were not significant (p>0.05). A major finding of this study was that the skills specific coaching education programme significantly improved the skill level of the players.
      PubDate: 2019-12-11T00:00:00Z
  • Sprint interval training vs. high intensity interval training in untrained
           university students
    • Authors: Pieter-Henk Boer
      Abstract: Sprint interval training (SIT) involves repeated bouts of high-intensity training (‘all-out’ activity of 10-30 seconds) with successive periods of low-intensity activity or rest. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) also involves high-intensity training (90% of VO2 max), usually one to four minutes, interspersed with recovery intervals of low-intensity activity or rest. The study aimed to compare directly various physiological and performance parameters of SIT and HIIT with a non-exercise control group amongst untrained university students. Sixty-three untrained (37 men and 26 women) participants (22±1.7yrs) volunteered for the study and were randomly allocated to SIT, HIIT and control group. Maximal oxygen uptake, the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test (YYIRT), 20-metre speed, agility T-test, vertical jump and Wingate-test was assessed before and after 7-weeks of training. Both interval groups improved significantly compared to the control group for VO2 max, peak treadmill speed, YYIRT and 20-metre speed (p<0.05) with no significant differences between SIT and HIIT (effect sizes within groups ranging from small to large). Regarding power output associated with the Wingate test, significant improvements compared to the control were realised for SIT only (p<0.05). Both methods of IT are feasible to improve exercise capacity in untrained university students.
      PubDate: 2019-12-11T00:00:00Z
  • Gender comparisons of sport psychological skills profile of adolescent
           sport participants
    • Authors: Ankebé Kruger; Elsunet S. Du Plessis Johan C. Potgieter
      Abstract: The primary aim of this study was to explore gender differences regarding the sport psychological skills (SPS) profile of adolescent sport participants in a South African context. The present study forms part of an extensive five-year longitudinal study, the Physical Activity and Health Longitudinal Study (PAHL-Study). A cross-sectional research design was used to gather quantitative data. Two hundred and eleven (89 boys and 122 girls) grade nine pupils (14 and 15 years of age) participated in the study. The participants completed the Athletic Coping Skills Inventory for Sport (ACSI-28) to determine their SPS profile. The results showed that the boys obtained higher mean scores in seven of the eight measured sport psychological skills. Freedom from worry was the only skill that yielded a statistically significant difference, with the boys (52.06±20.27) obtaining a higher mean value than the girls (46.17±20.56). In conclusion, the current findings indicated that, at this developmental level of competitive sport, boys and girls participants seem to be very similar regarding their sport psychological skills dispositions.
      PubDate: 2019-12-11T00:00:00Z
  • Delivery of sport club development programmes : case of CDP, Cape
           Metropole, South Africa
    • Authors: Jakobo J. Moroe; Simeon S.E.H. Davies Brendon Knott
      Abstract: Sport and Recreation South Africa (SRSA) initiated a national Club Development Programme (CDP) in 2006, which sought to increase participation in sport and recreation, and to develop the human resource capacity to manage sport within previously disadvantaged communities. The CDP serves numerous sporting codes, with football being the main focus. Despite its strategic intentions, the delivery of CDP was perceived as a weakness by some football clubs. This study aimed to identify the key factors influencing the delivery of the CDP within selected football community clubs in the Cape Metropole. Semi-structured interviews were used and a qualitative method was adopted. A purposeful sampling comprising of 14 programme coordinators representing the three arms of the Government was considered ideal for the study. The key findings highlighted that the delivery of CDP appeared to be most influenced by ineffectual relationships between key role players, a lack of competent officials and a lack of access to quality equipment. It is recommended that, for effective programme delivery, the CDP management in the Cape Metropole should address the aforesaid factors in order to ensure that the programme achieves its strategic intentions.
      PubDate: 2019-12-11T00:00:00Z
  • Prevalence of shoulder musculoskeletal disorders among school teachers : a
           systematic review
    • Authors: Zingisa Z. Nyawose; Rowena Naidoo
      Abstract: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) represent the second-most common cause of disability worldwide. Teachers have a higher prevalence of MSDs. The resultant medical care has financial implications. The purpose of this study was to quantify the prevalence of and risk factors associated with, shoulder MSD among teachers across various countries. Peer-reviewed literature was extensively researched using different search engines which included PubMed, Science Direct, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Scopus. A total of 44 studies were identified, of which 18 were found to be relevant after a review of inclusion and exclusion criteria. The prevalence of shoulder MSD among teachers ranges between 15% and 83.1%, varying among countries. The highest prevalence of shoulder MSD was reported in South Africa at 83.1%, followed by China with a prevalence of 73.4%. The average prevalence of shoulder MSD was determined to be 58% (95% CI=0.54-0.62). Associated risk factors as reported by previous studies included age, gender, previous injury, psychosocial factors, length of employment and time spent writing on the blackboard. Relative risk calculation reported that females are 1.40 likely to develop shoulder MSD than males (95% CI=1.31-1.50). Future research should focus on interventions to prevent and manage shoulder MSD among teachers.
      PubDate: 2019-12-11T00:00:00Z
  • Is hosting a sporting mega-event ever worth it to the host city'
    • Authors: Sung-Un Park; Sukjoon Yoon, Sam Chung Jong-Hwa Park
      Abstract: The present study empirically investigates a model of residents’ intention to support the Asian Games based on the theory of reasoned action (TRA) and social exchange theory (SET). The model proposes that residents’ intention to support hosting a sporting mega-event, mediates the relationship between the benefits they perceive in serving as host and their sense of community. The results indicate that the perceived positive benefits and intention of residents to support, affect their sense of community. Thus, in order to develop a sense of community of residents, these aspects should be enhanced in researchers’ models. The findings of this work will provide authorities and event organisers with comprehensive and multidimensional knowledge about the positive impacts of hosting mega-events, as well as information important to determining the likelihood that their objectives will be realised as expected. Finally, certain theoretical and managerial implications are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2019-12-11T00:00:00Z
  • Prevalence of generalised joint hypermobility in relation to selected
           medical and training in swimmers : randomised control study
    • Authors: Natalia Radlinska; Aneta Bac, Kamil Zawada, Mateusz Zalewski Renata Wozniacka
      Abstract: Generalised joint hypermobility (GJH) is characterised by the range of motion that exceeds normal limits in multiple joints. GJH is relatively common. When it is accompanied with other manifestations, it is defined as a health-related disorder, like Joint Hypermobility Syndrome (JHS) or the Ehlers–Danlos Syndrome - Hypermobile Type (hEDS). The prevalence of GJH is higher in sporting than in the general population. The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of GJH in competitive swimmers and its relation to the number and type of injuries, pain and selected anthropological and training indicators. The research group consisted of 97 competitive Polish swimmers (50 males; 47 females) aged 15-24 years. Body stature and body mass was measured. Participants completed a questionnaire to collect demographic data and information on previous injuries. Concerning joint hypermobility, participants were examined with the Beighton Scale. Spearman’s rank correlation test was applied for analysis. GJH is an often-occurring symptom among the researched group. There was no correlation between selected acute injuries nor chronic pain and GJH in the study group. Several other correlations were noted.
      PubDate: 2019-12-11T00:00:00Z
  • Construction of a learning scale for postmodern physical education lessons
    • Authors: Wei-Yuan Shih; Yi-Li Pu Tu-Kuang Ho
      Abstract: Postmodernism advocates the removal of old concepts to generate new thinking and is applied to the physical education ideas of self-reflection and self-awareness, so that students can unleash their creative potential in sports, and experience new understanding and rich diversity. Consequently, not only must the PE teacher focus on the well-established teaching ideas, but also be broad-minded enough to accept diverse opinions and differences in learning. Therefore, this study constructed a physical education learning scale based on the conception of postmodernism to understand whether students are ready for the challenges of learning. A five-step process (literature collection, focus group discussions, in-depth interviews, exploratory factor analysis, and confirmatory factor analysis) was applied to construct a scale with good reliability and validity. First-order and second-order confirmatory factor analyses were carried out on the study results to confirm the four aspects of ‘reflection’, ‘innovation’, ‘diversity’, and ‘criticism’. The 21 questions had good levels of fit and met the criteria for reliability and validity. An overview of the Learning Scale of Postmodern Physical Education (LSOPPE) can be used to drive curricular thinking among teachers and impact students’ learning.
      PubDate: 2019-12-11T00:00:00Z
  • An active and winning South African nation : can the gap between ideal and
           reality be narrowed'
    • Authors: Leoni C.E. Stroebel; Johnnie F. Hay Hermanus J. Bloemhoff
      Abstract: Globally, the development of mass sports is constantly opposed by the prominence of elite sports. South African schools find it challenging to provide a solid foundation and adequate resources in order to sustain efforts to yield a healthy nation and produce champions in sport. In this study, literature related to physical education (PE), school sport and sport development is explored. An overview of core government documents, of which the National Sport and Recreation Plan (NSRP) serves as point of departure, is presented and reflected upon. It is followed by an exploration of the tension between the ideal of an active and winning nation and the present reality. The significance of the delivery of quality PE and school sport to support active lifestyles are acknowledged and the challenges related to addressing the issues derived from the NSRP and supporting documents, such as inequalities in terms of resources and schools, are highlighted. Finally, recommendations are made with regard to the delivery of quality PE and school sport to all children in South African schools. It is proposed that actions taken at school level could potentially narrow the gap between the ideal and reality in the quest of becoming an active winning nation.
      PubDate: 2019-12-11T00:00:00Z
  • Psychological factors may counterbalance physical disadvantage of late
           maturation among African junior soccer players
    • Authors: Linda van den Berg; Julius Jooste, Suzanne Jacobs Heinrich W. Grobbelaar
      Abstract: Biological growth and maturation influence the selection of young athletes to teams as early developers (EDs) tend to be selected above average developers (ADs) and late developers (LDs), due to their size, speed and power advantage. The aim was to determine differences in the sport psychological skill levels of African junior soccer players of different maturation levels. Male football players (N = 149) with a mean age of 16.24 ± 1.10 years participated in this study. Based on a synthesis of previous research a biological maturation questionnaire was used to classify the participants as EDs (n = 27), ADs (n = 77), and LDs (n = 45). The Athletic Coping Skills Inventory-28 was used to measure their sport psychological skills. The LDs had significantly higher coping with adversity (p = .032, d = 0.35), as well as goal setting and mental preparation (p = .014, d = 0.76) scores than the EDs. Psychological factors could potentially have counterbalanced some of the physical disadvantages of late maturation. Coaches, selectors and talent scouts should be careful not to exclude later maturing soccer players from talent development programmes.
      PubDate: 2019-12-11T00:00:00Z
  • In memorium : Prof Melville Saayman
    • Abstract: Prof. Melville Saayman was appointed at the previously known Potchefstroom University of Christian Higher Education on the 1st of January 1992 as a lecturer in the Department of Recreation. He was instrumental in the development of Tourism Management as a Science offered at the University in the Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences. Melville conceptualised the development of the Tourism Programme which involved a variety of BA, BCom and BSc packages and appropriate curriculum and textbooks to fill this gap in academia.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01T00:00:00Z
  • Relationship between balance and co-ordination and football participation
           in adolescents with intellectual disability
    • Authors: Şehmus Aslan; Bilge Basakci Calik, Ummuhan Bas Aslan Suat Erel
      Abstract: Balance and motor coordination problems are often seen in persons with intellectual disability (ID). This study aimed to examine the relationship between balance and coordination and football participation in adolescents with ID. The study involved 197 male participants with ID aged between 14 and 19 years (16.22±2.00), of which 110 (65 mild ID, 45 moderate ID) played soccer in a school team, and 87 (48 mild ID, 39 moderate ID) did not participate in any sport. Balance and coordination skills were evaluated using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, second edition short form (BOT-2 SF). A significant positive relationship was found between all the balance and co-ordination sub-tests and the duration of playing football in the adolescents with ID (p<0.05). Balance and co-ordination scores were significantly higher in both the mild and moderate ID participants, who played football compared with the individuals with ID who did no sport (p<0.05). In adolescents with moderate ID, the difference in the 7th item of the balance sub-test was not significant. The results indicate that football participation and balance and coordination are related in adolescents with mild and moderate ID.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01T00:00:00Z
  • Value of sport in post-Apartheid South Africa
    • Authors: Cora Burnett
      Abstract: This paper draws on a large body of knowledge presented as an initial draft for the ‘Case for Sport’ that was prepared in collaboration with Sport and Recreation South Africa, which is in the process of being finalised. Selected research evidence builds the ‘case’ by showing the significance of sport-related impacts and effects within five domains, namely: nation-building and social cohesion, addressing various aspects of social transformation, health-related benefits, positive educational outcomes and economic benefits. The substantiation of such benefits contribute to the argument of the significance of sport (in the broad sense) in the post-Apartheid South African context (post 1994). The findings support global, regional and national sport-related effects at multiple levels and span different sectors of influence. Main arguments take cognisance of the complexity and contextual realities, and present critical reflections as not to over-estimate the positive effects or uncritical acceptance of findings.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01T00:00:00Z
  • Usefulness of Movement ABC-2 checklist and developmental coordination
           disorder questionnaire’07 for parents as screening tools to identify
           developmental coordination disorder in grade 1 learners
    • Authors: Monique De Milander; Alretha M. du Plessis Frederik F. Coetzee
      Abstract: Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is a neuro-motor developmental disorder that interferes with a child’s ability to perform daily tasks. The aim of the study was to examine the convergent validity of motor difficulties by a movement specialist using the MABC-2 Performance Test and the identification of motor difficulties by parents when completing the MABC-2 Checklist and DCDQ’07. The purpose was to determine if parents possess the competency to identify Grade 1 learners with motor difficulties and to determine which screening tool yields the best results. Grade 1 learners (n=281; 160 girls and 121 boys) in Bloemfontein, South Africa between the ages of five and eight years participated. Furthermore, the parents (n=281) took part in the evaluation of their own child in their home environment. The MABC-2-Checklist for parents yielded a kappa coefficient of 0.159, and thus had a small effect size (r=0.15). There was only a 16% convergent validity. The DCDQ’07 for parents indicated a kappa coefficient of 0.175 with a small effect size (r=0.18). There was only a 17.5% convergent validity. Therefore, it can be reported that parents using the MABC-2-Checklist and the DCDQ’07 could not identify learners with DCD.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01T00:00:00Z
  • Identification of developmental coordination disorder in grade 1 learners
           : a screening tool for parents and teachers
    • Authors: Monique De Milander; Alretha M. du Plessis Frederik F. Coetzee
      Abstract: Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is a motor disorder of unclear etiology that severely affects a child’s everyday motor abilities. The study examined the convergent validity of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2, Checklist (MABC-Checklist) completed by parents and teachers, with the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2, Performance Test (MABC-2 Performance Test) completed by a movement specialist. The purpose was to determine if parents and teachers were competent to identify learners with motor difficulties. A total of 323 5–8-year-old Grade 1 learners (183 girls, 57.7%; 140 boys, 43.3%); 193 Caucasian, 59.8%; 130 Black, 40.2%) participated in the study. The MABC-Checklist for parents demonstrated a specificity of 71.4%. The convergent validity between the two assessment tools when completed by the parents indicated a kappa coefficient of 0.143, with medium effect size (r=0.240). The MABC-Checklist for teachers demonstrated a specificity of 72.6%. The convergent validity between the two assessment tools when completed by the teachers indicated a kappa coefficient of 0.161, with a medium effect size (r=0.228). In conclusion, it is clear that parents and teachers using the MABC-Checklist could not identify movement difficulties in children.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01T00:00:00Z
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