Subjects -> LAW (Total: 1397 journals)
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    - INTERNATIONAL LAW (161 journals)
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    - LAW (843 journals)
    - LAW: GENERAL (11 journals)

CRIMINOLOGY AND LAW ENFORCEMENT (161 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 160 of 160 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Criminologica : Southern African Journal of Criminology     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Cement Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
African Safety Promotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Security Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 364)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Annual Review of Criminology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 408)
Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 354)
Biometric Technology Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Boletín Criminológico     Open Access  
Brill Research Perspectives in Transnational Crime     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 401)
Campbell Systematic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Graduate Journal of Sociology and Criminology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice / La Revue canadienne de criminologie et de justice pénale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Canadian Society of Forensic Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 259)
Champ pénal/Penal field     Open Access  
Computer Fraud & Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 375)
Computer Law & Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Contemporary Challenges : The Global Crime, Justice and Security Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Justice Review: Issues in Criminal, Social, and Restorative Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Corrections : Policy, Practice and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Crime & Delinquency     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 83)
Crime and Justice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Crime Prevention and Community Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 115)
Crime Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Crime Science     Open Access   (Followers: 56)
Crime, Histoire & Sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Crime, Security and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Criminal Justice and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Criminal Justice Matters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Criminal Justice Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Criminal Justice Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Criminal Justice Studies: A Critical Journal of Crime, Law and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Criminal Law and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Criminal Law Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Criminocorpus, revue hypermédia     Open Access  
Criminological Studies     Open Access  
Criminologie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Criminology and Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Crítica Penal y Poder     Open Access  
Critical Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Cryptologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Issues in Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Datenschutz und Datensicherheit - DuD     Hybrid Journal  
Delito y Sociedad : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Derecho Penal y Criminología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Detection     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
EDPACS: The EDP Audit, Control, and Security Newsletter     Hybrid Journal  
Estudios Penales y Criminológicos     Open Access  
EURASIP Journal on Information Security     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 277)
European Journal of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
European Journal of Probation     Hybrid Journal  
European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Polygraph     Open Access  
European Review of Organised Crime     Open Access   (Followers: 47)
Feminist Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Forensic Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 365)
Forensic Science International : Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Forensic Science International: Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Forensic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Global Crime     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 287)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Homicide Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
IEEE Security & Privacy Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Incarceration     Full-text available via subscription  
Information Security Journal : A Global Perspective     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Annals of Criminology     Hybrid Journal  
International Criminal Justice Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Criminal Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Applied Cryptography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Conflict and Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Criminology and Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Discrimination and the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Electronic Security and Digital Forensics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Information and Coding Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Police Science and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 311)
International Journal of Prisoner Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Punishment and Sentencing, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Review of Victimology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Addictions & Offender Counseling     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Adult Protection, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal of Computer Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Computer Virology and Hacking Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Correctional Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Crime and Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Journal of Criminal Justice Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Criminal Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 130)
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Journal of Criminology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Criminology and Forensic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 294)
Journal of Forensic Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Journal of Forensic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 374)
Journal of Gender-Based Violence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Genocide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Illicit Economies and Development     Open Access  
Journal of International Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Learning Disabilities and Offending Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Penal Law & Criminology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Perpetrator Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 415)
Journal of Quantitative Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Strategic Security     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Justice Evaluation Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Justice Research and Policy     Full-text available via subscription  
Juvenile and Family Court Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Kriminologia ikasten : Irakaskuntzarako aldizkaria     Open Access  
Kriminologisches Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Law, Innovation and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Nordic Journal of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Occasional Series in Criminal Justice and International Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Police Journal : Theory, Practice and Principles     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 323)
Police Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 299)
Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 300)
Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 333)
Policy & Internet     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Política Criminal     Open Access  
Psychology of Violence     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Psychology, Crime & Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Punishment & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Research and Reports in Forensic Medical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Revista Arbitrada de Ciencias Jurídicas y Criminalísticas Iustitia Socialis     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Criminalística     Open Access  
Revista de Estudios Jurídicos y Criminológicos     Open Access  
Revista de Movimentos Sociais e Conflitos     Open Access  
Revista Digital de la Maestría en Ciencias Penales     Open Access  
Rivista di Studi e Ricerche sulla criminalità organizzata     Open Access  
Science & Global Security: The Technical Basis for Arms Control, Disarmament, and Nonproliferation Initiatives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Security and Defence Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Security Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Sexual Abuse in Australia and New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
South African Crime Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Theory and Practice of Forensic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Trauma, Violence, & Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Trends in Organized Crime     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 381)
URVIO - Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios de Seguridad     Open Access  
Women & Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 288)
Women Against Violence : An Australian Feminist Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Criminology and Forensic Science
Number of Followers: 7  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2408-2430 - ISSN (Online) 2673-0588
Published by Royal Police Cadet Academy Homepage  [1 journal]
  • The Policy for Promoting and Developing Forensic Science Services of The
           Private Sector in Thailand

    • Authors: Sakolkrit Akejakrawan, Navapat Narongsak
      Pages: 1 - 16
      Abstract: The objectives of this research were to study the policy for promoting and developing forensic science services of the private sector in Thailand, the problems and obstacles in the government's forensic science services in Thailand, and the policy proposals and measures to promote and develop forensic science services in both the public and private sectors in Thailand. Qualitative research methods were employed in data collection, including documentary research and in-depth interviews. The findings revealed that the first problem of forensic science service was the process delay. It means the process of forensic examination takes a long time. The structure and management of the service are not distributed evenly around the country. Moreover, the second problem was the shortage of personnel. It was recommended that the government should create incentives to raise the forensic work to be a profession, create a system that gives independence for forensic examination, as well as increase the budget for forensic science supports. For the promotion of private forensic science services, the private sector should be regulated and supervised by a government agency with quality controls. At the same time, the government should support the provision of private forensic science services in terms of finance and tax deduction. Moreover, the government should establish a forensic science professional council to control forensic science work standards and build the credibility of forensic science services for both public and private sectors. In addition, the central agency for forensic investigation supervision should be established to meet international standards and control fair forensic science service prices.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Detection of Human Bloodstains on Natural, Synthetic and Mixed Fabrics by
           The BlueStar Method

    • Authors: Ornanong Panta, Kanlayanee Mongesvit, Natgamon Chayothai, Pheeraphong Bunroek
      Pages: 17 - 30
      Abstract: The objectives of this research are 1) to compare bloodstains detection in different weather conditions, 2) to compare bloodstains detection on different types of clothing as follows: natural fiber fabrics, synthetic fabrics, and mixed fabrics, and 3) to study the sensitivity of bloodstains detection at different periods using the BlueStar method. According to the experiment, blood was diluted with distilled water in ratios of 1:100, 1:1,000, 1:10,000, and 1:100,000 by volume. The blood solution was then dropped on two sets of specimens. After that, the specimens were separately stored in two weather conditions. The first one was kept in Thailand’s tropical weather at 30.14±1.78 °C (73.75±6.97% R.H.) and the other was kept in cold weather with 7.58±1.25 °C (53.56±5.78 % R.H.). The bloodstains were examined after 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 weeks respectively by using the BlueStar method. The results revealed that diluted bloodstains could be better detected in cold weather than in Thailand’s tropical weather. The most diluted bloodstains on the synthetic fabrics were detected at a ratio of 1:10,000 by volume while the most diluted bloodstains on the natural and mixed fabrics were detected at a ratio of 1:1,000 by volume at any period. In Thailand’s tropical weather in which the temperature is not over than 40 °C, the most diluted bloodstains on the synthetic fabrics were detected at a ratio of 1:1,000 by volume at one and three weeks after being stored. Meanwhile, the most diluted bloodstains on the mixed fabrics were detected at ratio of 1:100 by volume at any period. Therefore, this research showed that the temperature, types of fabrics, and the concentration of blood solutions had an impact on the BlueStar blood analysis which could be beneficial to forensic examination.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Collection of DNA for DNA Databases: A Study on Human Rights Issues

    • Authors: Salisa Prommakrit
      Pages: 31 - 44
      Abstract: Thai legislation concerning DNA collection from individuals in the investigation phase is currently limited to evidence collection purposes. There are neither specific laws on the collection of DNA for database purposes, nor specific laws on DNA databases. Thus, consent is the only way officials can legally obtain DNA from individuals, involved in a crime or not. Also, in Thailand’s southern border provinces, there have been “forceful” DNA collections conducted systematically on local people, considered to be prejudicial and in violation of human rights. This research finds that the United Kingdom and the United States have specific laws on the collection of DNA for DNA database purposes, providing for types of individuals allowed to take DNA samples from, methods for DNA collection, penalties for not cooperating in the collection, and the right to know. They also have specific laws on DNA databases, stipulating their establishments, types of individuals DNA collection is required, maintaining and disclosing of DNA profiles, and data retention periods. Interview results from justice professionals emphasize the importance of the matter. Hence, it is suggested that specific rules be adopted in Thailand. This would help solve human rights issues, protect people’s rights and liberties, and increase law enforcement effectiveness.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Levels of Knowledge in Forensic Evidence Collection of Inquiry Officers in
           Provincial Police Region 7

    • Authors: Chantana Wainiphithapong, Wipawan Laoarun, Supachai Supalaknari
      Pages: 45 - 61
      Abstract: This research aimed to study the levels of knowledge in forensic evidence collection of inquiry officers in Provincial Police Region 7 between October 2018 and March 2020. The quantitative data were collected from written surveys distributed to 300 subjects purposively sampled from a total population of 664 inquiry officers in Provincial Police Region 7. Statistical methods of Pearson’s Chi-square and binary logistic regression were employed in data analysis. The majority of the participants (78%) reported that they had a moderate level of knowledge in forensic evidence collection. In the bivariate analysis, the inquiry officer’s knowledge and skills in forensic evidence collection were statistically related to the number of service years (χ2 = 24.433, p < 0.05) and the highest correlation of odd ratio was 16 to 20 years of service being 8.572. The factor of the time passed since their last trainings in crime scene investigation and forensic science (χ2 = 31.242, p < 0.05) was also predictive of the level of knowledge in forensic evidence collection. The longer the period after the last training, the lower the level of knowledge inquiry officers had in forensic evidence collection. It can be concluded that the inquiry officers in Provincial Police Region 7, The average forensic evidence collection knowledge was moderate, and the analytical logistics regression could accurately predict the level of knowledge in forensic evidence collection of officers being 75.3% on average. the level of forensic evidence collection knowledge. According to research, inquiry officers should develop their capacity to investigate crime scenes and forensic knowledge in a systematic and continuous manner and organize to have a learning resource for investigating crime scenes in various cases and knowledge of forensic science related to various types of witness objects that inquiry officers can search or learn on their own.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Comparison of Latent Fingerprint Quality on Various Types of Paper Using
           Ninhydrin and Indanedione Followed by Ninhydrin

    • Authors: Jutarak Boonlert
      Pages: 62 - 75
      Abstract: The purposes of this research were to compare the quality of latent fingerprints on various types of paper including white copy paper, kraft paper, thermal paper and corrugated paper using Ninhydrin versus using Indanedione followed by Ninhydrin and to compare the efficiency of latent fingerprint detection of Ninhydrin versus Indanedione followed by Ninhydrin. The quality of the latent fingerprints was evaluated by a latent fingerprint expert and based on the number of minutiae. Data were statistically analyzed using means, standard deviation and two-way analysis of variance (Two-way ANOVA).The results of this research showed that detection using Indanedione followed by Ninhydrin provided the best quality of latent fingerprints on all types of paper, which was at the “Good” level. When testing the hypothesis for both factors, it showed that the types of paper and the method of latent fingerprint detection significantly affected the quality of latent fingerprints at 0.05.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Recognition and Attitude of Nurses Regarding Evidence Collection in
           The Abused Patients

    • Authors: Suchanya Kusolsakaorat, Narong Kulnides
      Pages: 76 - 93
      Abstract: The purpose of this research is to study the perception and attitude of nurses regarding evidence collection of abused patients and study this relationship. Method: 82 people of professional nurses working in emergency departments of the government hospital in Samut Prakan province were recruited to collect data in a cross-sectional survey and 67 questionnaires (81%) responses were received. In addition, interviews with registered nurses from the Forensic Department and One Stop Crisis Center (OSCC) were conducted. The level of perception and attitude was shown as descriptive statistics, percentages, means and standard deviations. The correlation between knowledge and attitude was analyzed by Pearson's correlation statistic and expressed as a coefficient (r). The results showed that the knowledge and understanding of the practice of professional nurses in collecting evidence of patients in rape cases were at a high level. However, if classified by the knowledge, the sample group still lacked knowledge in collecting witness objects. Most of the samples had no additional forensic science training. Personal factors associated with the understanding of sexual assault and harassment were age and position (r=.264, r=.303). Age, position, and work experience were also related to knowledge and understanding of the role in caring for sexual abuse cases (r=.335, r=.359, r=.253). Job position (r=.272) and hospital level of practice were associated with attitudes to evidence collection experience (r=.332), and gender was associated with attitudes towards problems in the practice of collecting evidence in rape cases (r=.252). Professional nurses of the OSCC department have an opinion that meetings, training, and discussions should be organized for the exchange of knowledge. The operational experience sharing between operators, agencies, and organizations is also crucial to develop knowledge and competence from real experience.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Guidelines of Child-Friendly Environmental Design for Police Interrogation

    • Authors: Usanut Sangtongdee, Meechai Srichareon
      Pages: 94 - 113
      Abstract: The law requires investigations of children to be utterly separate from adults. All police stations have children's interrogation rooms according to construction plans. However, the frequency of use varies greatly between police stations in Bangkok and regional areas. This research presents a child-friendly interrogation room suitable for a police station. The study's objectives were 1) to analyze the usage patterns of child interrogation rooms, 2) to study a child-friendly environment and 3) to design a layout of a novel child interrogation room. The research methods vary, including participant observation, in-depth interviews, environmental design, brainstorming and questionnaires. The scope of the population involves 1,563 child litigation agencies, nine particular sample sites, and 35 in-depth interviewees. In addition, 50 participants were comparatively surveyed. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze opinion poll results. The results showed that 80% were more satisfied with the new room plan than the current layout. The Child Interrogation Building should consist of three zones: child interviewing, officer observing and suspect identifying. Its usage is based on the trust and cooperation of the child. The colour selection must foster a sense of warmth and reduce anxiety. Well-designed environments reduce the risk of encounters between children and perpetrators. Whether it is renovating an existing room or building a new one, it is worthwhile to consider the principles of creating a child-friendly environment. Moreover, it contributes to the effectiveness of the Royal Thai Police Department of Justice.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • A Prototype System for Advising and Guiding The Legal Processes in
           Computer Crime Prosecution for Police Cadets in Investigation Internship
           Using LINE Chatbots

    • Authors: Surachan Pan-aon, Apinut Chompoonuch, Wongyos Keardsri
      Pages: 114 - 126
      Abstract: Nowadays, information and communication technology plays an increasingly crucial role in human daily life. As a result, criminal activity has evolved from traditional crime to computer-related crime, such as social media fraud, offenses associated with the misuse of the internet, and romance scams. However, the police cadets who are in the investigation internship do not usually understand the process of prosecution in relation to the Computer-Related Crime Act and the guidelines for victimization prevention. This research aims to develop a LINE chatbot for advising and guiding the legal process and enhance the knowledge base of the law relating to the Computer-Related Crime Act for police cadets which is applicable to their criminal investigation internship. In this research, we categorized the methodology into two stages, including: 1) the process of data collection on the violation of the Computer-Related Crimes Act and 2) the process of LINE chatbot development for advice and guidelines for legal proceedings. This research is particularly beneficial to police cadets in the criminal investigation internship so that they have an understanding of operating procedures and are able to effectively give helpful advice to the victims of computer-related crime.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Needs Assessment for the Development of Planning Knowledge for
           Commissioned Police Officers

    • Authors: Watcharapong Panittumrong
      Pages: 127 - 136
      Abstract: The objective of this research was to analyze and prioritize needs assessment for planning knowledge development of commissioned police officers. The sample group consisted of 400 officers. A questionnaire with 5 rating scales was used for data collection. The reliability of the questionnaire was 0.954. The data were analyzed by mean, standard deviation and PNI method. The research finding were as follows. Needs assessment for planning knowledge development of commissioned police officers was different. The mean of the item “what should be” was higher than “what is”, in both entire and separated aspects. After the evaluation of the needs process found that; the most important need for commissioned police officers was strategy, policy, indicator, project, battle and tactic.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Presentence Investigation in the Criminal Justice Process

    • Authors: Phatsaporn Suwannakart
      Pages: 137 - 149
      Abstract: The purpose of this article is to examine the Criminal Justice process issues in the fact finding of criminal or the presentence investigation, which could lead to propose the guideline of the presentence investigation bringing the fairness to trial. From the review of the concepts and theory in criminology for an appropriate sentence and rehabilitations conduce towards a recommendation for developing the presentence investigation, which includes a recommendation for law amendment that the presentence investigation should be addressed in any criminal cases following the principles of justice in determining the penalty. Second, a recommendation on criminal justice policy that should utilize technology to collect offender’s data and forward information to agencies in the justice system for the purpose of individual rehabilitation. Lastly, a recommendation on academic studies is to take advantages of the report and to consider alternatives to Imprisonment or division of criminal cases from the criminal justice system for an unraveling the crisis of the overcrowding issue in prison.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Criminal Offence of Psychiatric Patients

    • Authors: Poonpat Kamonwutipong
      Pages: 150 - 158
      Abstract: The criminal offence of a psychiatric patients are triggered by an aggravated mental illness. Crime of psychiatric patients tend to be basic crimes without complexity. The majority of forensic psychiatric patients are diagnosed with schizophrenia and the offenses are most related to life and body. The justice system was conceptualized by Neo-classical school of criminology that looked at the history and background of the offenders, especially the insane, with shortcomings in free will. The criminal procedural code places a strong emphasis on bringing people with psychiatric problems who have committed their crimes to treatment before they are prosecuted. Criminal law stipulates that when an insane person commits an act, the law considers the act of an insane person to be an offense, but the law exempts criminal penalties. However, if it appears that the insane person is still able to know responsibility or is able to control himself to some extent, the insane person must be punished, but the law prescribes that the court punishes him less than what is stipulated by the law. The prevention of offence of psychiatric patients includes continuous treatment, abstinence from substance abuse, stress management, including families and communities together to take care of patients.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Artificial Intelligence Technology for Forensic Science: Awakening or

    • Authors: Chaichan Chairangsinant
      Pages: 159 - 170
      Abstract: Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a potential innovation. Many developers attempt to improve the AI as human intelligence. According to the AI awakening, it is found that AI has been applied in several disciplines, including Criminal Justice and Forensic Science. Many countries use AI for classification, analysis and examination to support forensic investigation. In Thailand, there were some research and development about AI in Forensic Science, which are expected to ease its complication and intricacy. In terms of preparation for AI in Forensic Science, forensic scientists, developers and Criminal Justice practitioners should accurately understand AI’s principles, Forensic Science knowledge and Criminal Justice purposes. Moreover, all relevant parties should realize the impact of AI on knowledge, accuracy, standard procedure, equipment, budget and ethics. If there is not any preparation, AI awakening may become AI frightening. Finally, the application of AI for Forensic Science must be used to support and fulfill the forensic scientist limitations and give more positive results in Criminal Justice for delivering more accuracy, fairness and efficiency.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Category of Cryptocurrency-Related Crimes

    • Authors: Chetsadaphong Khamchu
      Pages: 171 - 185
      Abstract: The global community will need to tolerate, monitor, and prevent the spread of the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic since early 2020, by adopting one's lifestyle to the new normal, one can gain access to financial technology in order to meet the new normal and avoid disease spread. As a result, the usage of cryptocurrencies as a financial alternative is becoming increasingly popular. On the other side, the offenders have foreseen the paths of crime. As a result, there are numerous forms of crimes. The purpose of this article is to compile and categorize crimes involving the usage of cryptocurrency, by applying criminological concepts and theories. To better understand cryptocurrency-related crimes. They are classified into three types: 1) Crime involving cryptocurrency as a "target," emphasizing the perspective of criminals attempting to steal coins from digital wallet. At each level, there are users, ICO Exchange or Miner. Additionally, the technique of stealing will vary based on the type of digital wallet and cryptocurrency holder. 2) The use of cryptocurrency as a "weapon",  offenders have been used technical methods to harm blockchain networks. And disrupts the blockchain devices. And 3) Crime involving cryptocurrency as a “tool” focuses on general cybercrimes. By taking advantage of the unique properties of cryptocurrencies in anonymity to commit crimes. This includes a variety of different types of scams. The results also summarize and recommend crime prevention approaches based on relevant criminological theories.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Interview to Find Out The Truth: A New Approach of The Investigative
           Process to Solving The Scapegoat from False Memories of Eyewitnesses

    • Authors: Matchima Romruk
      Pages: 186 - 199
      Abstract: Currently, Thailand uses an Investigative Approach to solve cases through
      the principle of interrogation which presses suspects to plead guilty and may lead to misinformation or create false memories for eyewitnesses. However, Norway has launched a new Investigative Method known as "Investigative Interviews" that aims to improve the investigative paradigm from an "Interrogation" to the collection of evidence based on the facts. Moreover, the National Institute of Justice has revealed that false witness testimony and the misidentification of the accused are the leading causes of convictions for innocent people more than any other cause. It can be seen that interrogation can directly and indirectly affect a witness's memory. For example, when investigating the witness by using leading questions that may include important information in the questions. Information obtained from eyewitnesses is important evidence in the arrest of the perpetrators. On the contrary, if the information from the witness is wrong, then the bad effect will happen to the scapegoat. These mistakes have a huge negative effect on the credibility of the justice system. Therefore, the "Investigative Interview" approach is a new alternative to solving the problem of scapegoating caused by the failure of the justice system.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Child Sexual Exploitation by Criminals on the Dark Web

    • Authors: Pinyo Meephiam, Sarit Suebpongsiri
      Pages: 200 - 214
      Abstract: There is an increase in online child sexual exploitation on the dark web since it provides better anonymity to users than the surface web. This review article presents the current situation and trends of child sexual exploitation on the darknet as well as how it could be used to sexually exploit children in order to raise awareness of the darknet threats to children. Furthermore, child sex offender classification and case studies of darknet marketplace seizures and prosecution are reviewed for the analysis of criminal activities related to child sexual exploitation on the dark web. The analysis are mainly based on criminological theories, including the Space Transition Theory, Subculture Theory, and Social Learning Theory. Lastly, recommendations on darknet-focused crime prevention and investigation are proposed to help support policy development for law enforcement agencies and reduce the opportunities for child sex offenders to engage in child sexual exploitation on the dark web.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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