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  Subjects -> ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE (Total: 106 journals)
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Chinese Medicine and Culture
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2589-9627 - ISSN (Online) 2589-9473
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [448 journals]
  • Epistemic Genres as a Conceptual Tool in the History of Chinese Medicine

    • Authors: Hanson; Marta
      Abstract: imageThis article summarizes the collaboration between two historians of medicine on Sino-European medical exchanges. Gianna Pomata researches the history of medicine in early modern Europe and Marta Hanson researches the history of medicine in early modern China. The following covers the concept of epistemic genres that Pomata first developed out of her research on the history of the genres historia, observationes, recipes, medical cases, and the commentary in Europe. She connected these genres variously to empiricism, erudition, scientific observation, norm-making, and recording practice. The paper then evaluates how Pomata and Hanson used epistemic genres as a method for doing cross-cultural research on 17th–18th-century Sino-European medical exchanges. Pomata then wrote a comparative history of the medical case in Europe and China. The article concludes with how Hanson applied the distinction of epistemic genres to analyze the history of Chinese medicine from a new perspective.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Confucian Medicine: A Medical Handbook of 19th Century England

    • Authors: Feng; Yu-Rong; Wu, Xue-Mei
      Abstract: imageThis article takes the “A Medical Handbook” as an example to try to reveal how Western missionaries and Chinese translators jointly translated Western medical knowledge when it was introduced into the East during the 19th century. In this process, the fusion of Chinese and Western medical knowledge led to the Chinese version of A Medical Handbook. Not only did Western missionaries unilaterally promote their medical knowledge, but Chinese local elites also played an indispensable role in the dissemination of Western medical knowledge. In the early days of Western knowledge spreading into China, Western medical knowledge was incorporated into the knowledge pedigree of traditional Chinese medicine to a certain extent, which enabled the Chinese public to accept the use of Western medicine. The collision between Chinese and Western cultures at the level of medical knowledge affected the integration of Western medical knowledge systems into the local Chinese medical knowledge system.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Edward H. Hume's Contributions to Introducing Chinese Medicine to the West

    • Authors: Gui; Ting
      Abstract: imageKnown as the founder of Xiangya School of Medicine and Xiangya Hospital, Edward H. Hume is frequently praised for his pioneering work in bringing Western medicine to China. Some researchers have investigated his efforts in introducing Chinese medicine to the West; less known is the role that he later played as a lecturer on medical history at Johns Hopkins University. This paper presents an exhaustive review of Hume's English writings on Chinese medicine, thus revealing what Hume did to introduce Chinese medicine to Western academia, and how he pioneered research into Chinese medicine from cultural and philosophical perspectives.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Tributary Medicine System of the Qing Dynasty: A Preliminary Study

    • Authors: Zhang; Zi-Long; Xian, Yi-Sha; Shi, Xiao-Jie; Wang, Xue-Qi; Sun, Ling-Yi
      Abstract: imageMedicine was one of the articles of tribute paid by other countries and kingdoms to the imperial court of the Qing dynasty (1644–1912). The act of paying tributes and the rituals associated with it enhanced communication and helped establish relationships between ancient China and other nations or territories. The imperial court was generous in return, which attracted many countries to pay tributes. This paper analyzes how medicines as tributes played an important role in consolidating the dominant status of ancient China, and in promoting the exchange of knowledge between Chinese and Western medicine.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Survey of the History and Applications of Saffron

    • Authors: Asgari; Motahareh; Yu, Qun; Abdi, Meghdad; Du, Guang-Li; Shen, Yun-Hui
      Abstract: imageFan Hong Hua (JOURNAL/cmcul/04.03/02104054-202203000-00005/inline-graphic1/v/2022-05-27T211505Z/r/image-jpeg saffron) is a natural product that has long been used in food and dye industries and fortreating various disorders. Saffron has a long history of applications in traditional Chinese medicine, following its introduction to China in 1979. According to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, saffron is sweet, slightly cold in nature and enters heart and liver meridians. Moreover, this spice can invigorate blood circulation, eliminate blood stasis, cool blood and eliminate heat toxins. Saffron has been used to treat asthma, phlegm, insomnia, Alzheimer's disease, depression, fright, shock, hemoptysis, heartburn, and pain. Among the almost 70 bioactive ingredients of saffron, major constituents of this herb include safranal, crocin, and crocetin, which are responsible for the unique taste and color of saffron. These ingredients have been investigated using modern pharmaceutical research methods as potential therapeutics to treat disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, digestive system disorders, ocular issues, and COVID-19 infections. However, focus and emphasis on understanding the pharmacological effects of saffron in treating diseases are required. This article briefly reviews the history, cultivation processes, different qualities properties, and traditional and modern applications of this unique herb.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • History of the Chinese Medicinal Gelatin

    • Authors: Kubo; Teruyuki; Zhao, Zhong-Zhen
      Abstract: imageThis article discusses the history of animal glue (gelatin) used in medical practice in China. In ancient times, gelatin was widely made from cowhide and has been found in excavations and wall paintings older than 2000 years in Egypt, Greece, and China. However, it has been used medicinally almost exclusively in China and other East Asian countries influenced by Chinese medicine. Since 11th century, donkey-hide has gradually been replaced with cowhide in medicinal gelatin. Currently, donkey-hide gelatin is widely used medicinally in China. During the Edo period, medicinal gelatin was imported to Japan from China. Owing to the distaste for eating animal flesh in traditional Japanese culture, the production of gelatin and its medicinal use is not widespread in Japan.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Establishment of the First Professional Organization of Traditional
           Chinese Medicine and Acupuncture in California

    • Authors: Huang; Sam Xian Sheng; Hu, Jun; Chen, Da-Ren; Chau, Jackson
      Abstract: imageThe California Chinese Medicine and Acupuncture Research Association, founded on March 25, 1974, is the first Chinese medicine organization registered with the state government in California. It was established after more than a year of arduous preparation and had 15 founding members. Over time, it evolved into the biggest organization of Chinese medicine and acupuncture in California. And in 2015, it became the American Association of Chinese Medicine and Acupuncture with more than 500 members.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • A Comparative Research of Two English Translations of the Chapter
           “Comprehensive Discourse on Phenomena Corresponding to Yin and Yang”
           in Huangdi's Internal Classic

    • Authors: Zhou; Zhi-Wei; Li, Yan-Qing; Li, Hai-Ying
      Abstract: imageCulture-loaded words refer to words with specific cultural connotations that can express an abstract or a specific concept, which may be related to religious beliefs or social customs, but do not exist in other languages and cultures. Therefore, culture-loaded words bring some difficulties to translation work. Huang Di Nei Jing (JOURNAL/cmcul/04.03/02104054-202203000-00008/inline-graphic1/v/2022-05-27T211505Z/r/image-jpegHuangdi's Internal Classic) is the foundation of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory, and is listed as the first of the four classics of TCM. It contains a large number of culture-loaded words, which embody the ancient Chinese traditional culture. The translation of culture-loaded words is a difficult but crucial point in the translation of Huangdi's Internal Classic and directly relates to the quality of the translation of Huangdi's Internal Classic as a whole. Taking the two English versions of Maoshing Ni and Li Zhaoguo as examples, this work identifies the culture-loaded words appearing in the chapter “Yin Yang Ying Xiang Da Lun” (JOURNAL/cmcul/04.03/02104054-202203000-00008/inline-graphic2/v/2022-05-27T211505Z/r/image-jpeg Comprehensive Discourse on Phenomena Corresponding to the Yin and Yang). This work studies the strategies and translation process of culture-loaded words in Huangdi's Internal Classic, with a view to contribute to the English translation of TCM classics.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Development and Future Trends of Traditional Kampo Medicine in Japan

    • Authors: Shibata; Risa; Chu, Gui-Xiang; Lin, Xun; Fu, Jin-Rong
      Abstract: imageTraditional Kampo medicine is based on traditional Chinese medicine, which spread to Japan via the Korean Peninsula in the 5th century. The practice of Kampo developed gradually under the influence of local Japanese culture and prospered until the Meiji Restoration. Kampo appeared in schools successively, such as the School of Later Developments, the School of Classic Methods, the School of Textual Research, and the Integrated School. However, the practice of Kampo gradually declined after the Meiji Restoration. Today, through the continuous efforts of knowledgeable Japanese Kampo practitioners, the practice of Kampo has entered a new era as an indispensable aspect of contemporary Japanese medicine.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Voyage of Ben Cao, Part I: Discovery of Kam Wah Chung, the Overlooked
           Chinese Medicine Museum in the United States

    • Authors: Zhao; Zhong-Zhen; Brand, Eric
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Juglans: Tannin Ink and Magic Formula for Hair Dyeing

    • Authors: Shao; Min
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
 
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