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  Subjects -> ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE (Total: 106 journals)
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Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2456-6276
Published by SCIENCEDOMAIN international Homepage  [65 journals]
  • Prevalence of Smoking and Its Associated Factors among Indonesian Women: A
           Simple Literature Review and Alternative Management

    • Authors: Ekarini Daroedono, Forman Erwin Siagian, Lusia Sri Sunarti, Ani Oranda Panjaitan, Jordan Parningotan, Landro Tua Tonapa Siregar
      Pages: 1 - 15
      Abstract: Aims: To review previous electronic literature available on the internet regarding epidemiology of smoking among Indonesian women, and its associated factors with seeking for alternative management available in the internet. Study Design: A simple cross sectional study by systematically review of the electronic  literatures. Place and Duration of Study: All steps in ths study conducted in the Faculty of Medicine Universitas Kristen Indonesia, Jakarta Indonesia between January-July 2022. Methodology: This simple literature study held by reviewing the electronic literatures regarding the topics. Data mining made available from popular scientific search engine named PubMed® and Google scholar™. Phrases of "Female Smokers in Indonesia pdf", "Risk Factors for Female Smokers in Indonesia pdf", “Prevalence smoking in Indonesia” being the keyword in searching which combined in bahasa and or English. The data collected will be entered systematically with tabulation and presentation of the map of Indonesia. Out of 106 articles gained initially, then through several stages of screening, the number reduced step by step until the remaining 15 articles to be analyzed further. All important data form all articles are presented in tabular form and then followed by an attempt to describe geographical location where the study conducted This is done by placing dots and related numbers in modified Indonesia map. Results: The prevalence and characteristics of female smokers in Indonesia in time period of 2016 – 2022 were achieved in 15 articles. Methodologically, most of the study using a simple, cross sectional method (60%) presented in a table. Conclusion: This literature study discusses the prevalence and risk factors of female smokers in Indonesia. Smoking is still a common health problem that causes death on a large scale in the world, especially in the vulnerable group like women. Many internal and social factor affect this practice among women. By teaching them properly about the future risk of smoking and support them actively to quit smoking; this approach will save her future and her descendant. Yoga and or other alternative approach might be an alternative for those who want to quit smoking.
      PubDate: 2022-09-16
      DOI: 10.9734/jocamr/2022/v19i230370
  • A Polyherbal Formulation Katakakhadiradi Kashayam in Treatment of Diabetes
           – Review

    • Authors: S. Angelie Jessica, M. Kavimani, K. Prabhu, Mukilan Ramadoss, M. Sathish Kumar, Julie Christy Amalraj, Jagadeesh Dhamodharan
      Pages: 16 - 24
      Abstract: Diabetes is a common non-transmittable disease in the world today. It is the fourth leading  cause of mortality in most developed nations and there is significant proof that it is widespread   in many developing and newly developed nations. Diabetes patients are at risk of developing  is chemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and peripheral vascular disease, all of which can result in severe morbidity and death. The most widely used alternative therapy for glycaemic control is herbal medication. The effectiveness of botanicals in lowering sugar levels has been confirmed scientifically for a variety of Indian plant species. Numerous plants have been shown to be effective in treating a variety of systemic illnesses in traditional medical systems. Although many traditional/indigenous medical systems are more effective than modern medications, one of the biggest problems facing traditional medicine is the absence of comprehensive standardisation. The antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective qualities of Katakakhadiradi kashayam may be responsible for its antidiabetic effects, but further  research is needed to fully comprehend this kashayam's protective effects against a variety  of ailments.
      PubDate: 2022-09-21
      DOI: 10.9734/jocamr/2022/v19i2384
  • Comparative Glycemic Control in Adult Patients with Type 2 Diabetes on
           Herbal and Conventional Glucose-Lowering Agents in Nairobi County, Kenya

    • Authors: Monicah W. Karara, Faith Apolot Okalebo, Peter K. Ndirangu, Sylvia A. Opanga
      Pages: 25 - 34
      Abstract: Background: Some diabetic patients seek care exclusively from traditional herbal practitioners. It is not known if the care provided by herbalists is effective in maintaining optimal glycemic control. Aim: To compare glycemic control in adult patients with type 2 diabetes on treatment with conventional medicines against those on herbal glucose-lowering therapies. Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Patients on conventional treatment were recruited from the Endocrinology and Diabetes Outpatient Centre at Kenyatta National Hospital. The comparative group was enrolled from the New Life Herbal Clinic. The study was carried out between March 2019 and December 2021. Methodology: We recruited 80 patients on treatment with conventional antidiabetic therapies at Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) and 37 patients on herbal therapies at New Life Herbal Clinic (NLHC). A structured questionnaire was used to collect sociodemographic and clinical data.  Consecutive sampling was used to recruit the study participants. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) levels were measured at the time of the patient visit. Patients with HbA1c levels <7% were considered to have achieved adequate glycemic control.  Descriptive and inferential data analysis was performed on all the variables and compared across the two study arms. Regression analysis was performed to identify variables associated with glycemic control for each treatment group. Data were entered into and analyzed using SPSS software version 26 (SPSS Inc, Chicago, USA).  P-values <0.05 were considered to be statistically significant. Results: Patients on conventional antidiabetic medications had significantly lower mean HbA1c levels (7.40+1.92) % compared to (8.34+1.97) % in the herbal treatment arm (P=0.016).  Significant differences in mean HbA1c % were reported in patients on a combination of 5-6 herbs (7.06 +1.54) % compared to those on 3-4 herbs (8.63+1.91) % (P= 0.045). Significant predictors of adequate glycemic control (HbA1c< 7%) were having a past  HbA1c check ( (aOR= 3.098 (95% C.I=1.258-7.631) P=.014), adherence to medications ( (aOR= 6.055  (95% C.I=1.623-22.593) P= .007), treatment with  Launaea cornuta ( (aOR= 7.143 (95% C.I=1.462-34.893) P= 0.015) and being  married (aOR=2.870 (95% C.I=1.054-7.818) P=0.039). Conclusion: Patients on treatment with conventional agents reported better glycemic control compared to those on herbal therapies. Regular monitoring of HbA1c, adherence to medications, having a spouse and treatment with Launaea cornuta may enhance blood glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes.
      PubDate: 2022-09-26
      DOI: 10.9734/jocamr/2022/v19i2385
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