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  Subjects -> ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE (Total: 106 journals)
Showing 1 - 15 of 15 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acupuncture in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Advanced Herbal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Alternative & Integrative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Alternative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Alternative Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Anales de Hidrología Médica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arteterapia. Papeles de arteterapia y educación artística para la inclusión social     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Plant Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Australian Journal of Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of Herbal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Music Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Chinese Herbal Medicines     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Medicine and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cognitive Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Complementary Therapies in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Deutsche Heilpraktiker-Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Erfahrungsheilkunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Medicinal Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Fitoterapia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Global Journal of Integrated Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine     Open Access  
Global Journal of Traditional Medicine     Open Access  
Herba Polonica     Open Access  
Herbal Medicines Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Ayurveda and lntegrative Medicine Klue     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovare Journal of Ayurvedic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intas Polivet     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Integrative Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of High Dilution Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
International Journal of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ipnosi     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Applied Arts and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Asian Natural Products Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Ayurveda Case Reports     Open Access  
Journal of AYUSH :- Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dance Medicine & Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Drug Research in Ayurvedic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Fasting and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ginseng Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Science and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Health Sciences Scholarship     Open Access  
Journal of Herbal Drugs (An International Journal on Medicinal Herbs)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Herbal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Herbal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Integrative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Integrative Medicine & Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Medicinal Plants for Economic Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicinally Active Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Natural Remedies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nutraceuticals and Herbal Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Journal of Research in Ayurvedic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Australian Traditional-Medicine Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Médecine Palliative     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Medical Acupuncture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Medicines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mersin Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Lokman Hekim Tıp Tarihi ve Folklorik Tıp Dergisi     Open Access  
Muller Journal of Medical Sciences and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Natural solutions     Full-text available via subscription  
Natural Volatiles & Essential Oils     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Natural Products and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
OA Alternative Medicine     Open Access  
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Research Journal of Medicinal Plant     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research Journal of Pharmacognosy     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Acupuntura     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Journal of Plant and Soil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Synfacts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Traditional & Kampo Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Traditional Medicine Journal     Open Access  
World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion     Full-text available via subscription  
World Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine     Open Access  
Yoga Mimamsa     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Zeitschrift für Orthomolekulare Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.683
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 25  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1741-427X - ISSN (Online) 1741-4288
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [340 journals]
  • Synergistic Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Ethanol Extracts from
           Chrysanthemum zawadskii Flower and Cudrania tricuspidata Fruit Occur via
           Inhibition of the NF-κB Signaling Pathway

    • Abstract: Chrysanthemum zawadskii (CZ) and Cudrania tricuspidata (CT) are both traditional Korea herbal medicines, which is widely used to treat fever, cough, gastritis, and women’s diseases that may be linked to inflammatory response. Although it has been used to treat diseases related to inflammation, there has been no case of the synergistic anti-inflammatory properties of both extracts. Our data revealed that ethanol extracts of dried whole CZ exhibited free radical-scavenging capacity in vitro, reduced LPS-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species, and decreased the LPS-induced upregulations of the mRNAs encoding iNOS, COX-2, and IL-6 in RAW 264.7 cells, without significant cytotoxicity. This anti-inflammatory effect was most evident from flower extracts: ethanol extracts from flowers significantly reduced the LPS-induced upregulations of iNOS and COX-2 at a concentration of 100 μg/ml. An ethanol extract of the fruit from CT also exerted a radical scavenging capacity and suppressed LPS-induced proinflammatory gene expression: 5.5 μg/ml of the ethanol extract significantly reduced the ability of LPS to induce the mRNA expression levels of iNOS and IL-6 without apparent cytotoxicity. Furthermore, as little as 1.0 μg/ml of the combined ethanol extracts of CZ flower and CT fruit reduced the LPS-induced changes monitored herein, decreasing the upregulations of iNOS and IL-6, and decreasing the nuclear localization of NF-κB . These results suggest that the observed synergistic anti-inflammatory effects may be mediated via inhibition of NF-κB signaling. Taken together, these data suggest that ethanol extracts from CZ flowers and CT fruits have synergistic anti-inflammatory effects and that a combination of the two extracts could prove useful for the treatment of inflammation-related diseases.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Sep 2023 09:20:00 +000
  • Retracted: Naringin Promotes Osteogenic/Odontogenic Differentiation of
           Dental Pulp Stem Cells via Wnt/β-Catenin

    • PubDate: Wed, 20 Sep 2023 07:08:27 +000
  • Retracted: Clinical Application of Augmented Reality in Computerized Skull
           Base Surgery

    • PubDate: Wed, 20 Sep 2023 07:08:25 +000
  • Retracted: Protective Effects and Molecular Mechanism of Total Flavonoids
           from Lycium Barbarum Leaves on Photoaged Human Dermal Fibroblasts

    • PubDate: Wed, 20 Sep 2023 07:08:24 +000
  • Ethnomedicinal Knowledge of Plants Used in Nonconventional Medicine in the
           Management of Diabetes Mellitus in Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of the

    • Abstract: Background. People with diabetes, herbalists, and traditional medicine practitioners (TMPs) from Kinshasa use plants to treat diabetes, but no study has inventoried the plants used by these populations. The present study was conducted to identify the plants used in Kinshasa to treat diabetes mellitus. Methods. The survey conducted in the form of a semistructured interview between March 2005 and August 2006 made it possible to collect ethnobotanical information from people with diabetes (n = 126), herbalists (n = 80), and TMPs (n = 120). Results. The 326 subjects consulted (sex ratio M/F = 0.6, age 51 ± 7 years, and experience: 17 ± 5 years) provided information on 71 plants, most of which are trees (35%), belonging to 38 families dominated by Fabaceae (19.7%) and indicated in 51 other cases of consultation dominated by malaria (12%). From these 71 plants derived, 86 antidiabetic recipes were administered orally, where the leaf is the most used part (>50%) and the decoction (>46%) is the most common mode of preparation. This study reports for the first time the antidiabetic use of 11 species, among which Tephrosia vogeliiX (0.08), Chromolaena corymbosaX (0.06), and Baphia capparidifoliaX (0.06) present the highest consensus indexes (CI) and Marsdenia latifoliaW (UVp = 0.08) and Rauvolfia manniiX (UVp = 0.06) present the highest UVs. Conclusion. The results show that Kinshasa people treat diabetes using several plants. Some are specific to the ecological environment; others are used in other regions. Pharmacological studies are underway to assess the therapeutic efficacy of these plants.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Sep 2023 06:20:02 +000
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutics of Minerals in Traditional
           Medicine 2021

    • PubDate: Wed, 20 Sep 2023 04:20:02 +000
  • Quality of Life and Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicines among
           Narcotics Anonymous Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study in Southeast Iran

    • Abstract: Background. Addiction, a chronic and recurrent disorder, is associated with lasting changes in the brain and can significantly affect the quality of life of people. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) along with modern medical treatments can improve the quality of life of individuals. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) and quality of life in narcotics anonymous patients. Methods. This cross-sectional study was performed on 189 narcotics anonymous patients in southeastern Iran. Using questionnaires such as the demographic information, the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF), CAM, and satisfaction with the use of CAM, the researcher was able to compile a comprehensive picture of the population. Results. The mean score of overall quality of life and general health was 64.02 ± 23.32. Overall, 66.1 percent (n = 125) of the participants reported using at least one type of CAM in the previous year. Last year, 25.9% of participants used at least one kind of CAM, 22.8% used two types of CAM, 7.9% used three types of CAM, and 4.8% used four to five types of CAM. Thirty-nine point seven percent of them reported using prayer, 36.5% reported using medicinal herbs, 15.3% of participants reported using massage, 14.3% of participants reported using dietary supplements, 12.2% reported using wet cupping, and 8.5% reported using meditation. There were no significant differences in physical, psychological, environmental, and overall quality of life between CAM users and non-CAM users. The prayer users had significantly higher scores in terms of social relationships, environment, and overall quality of life than nonprayer users. Employed participants and opium users had significantly higher overall quality of life than others. Conclusion. Although there was no difference in quality of life between CAM and non-CAM users, the present study showed that prayer and medicinal herbs were the most commonly used methods among narcotics anonymous patients. However, prayer and religious beliefs were successful in improving the quality of life of these individuals. Physicians and other healthcare providers must advise patients with addiction to use different CAMs in order to improve their quality of life and quit narcotics. Future in-depth studies could help these patients use CAMs and improve their quality of life.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Sep 2023 12:05:00 +000
  • Absorption and Metabolism of Urolithin A and Ellagic Acid in Mice and
           Their Cytotoxicity in Human Colorectal Cancer Cells

    • Abstract: Background. Ellagic acid is a natural polyphenol compound found in pomegranates, walnuts, and many berries. It is not easily absorbed, but it could be metabolized to urolithins by the gut microbiota. Urolithin A, one of the ellagic acid metabolites, has been proved to prolong the lifespan of C. elegans and increases muscle function of mice. The purpose of this current study was to analyze the absorption and metabolites of urolithin A and ellagic acid in mice and the anticancer effects of urolithin A, urolithin B, and ellagic acid in colorectal cancer cells. Methods. Urolithin A and urolithin B were synthesized and analyzed by HPLC and NMR. A pharmacokinetic study of urolithin A was performed in mice by analyzing urolithin A and its metabolites in urines. Absorption and biotransformation of ellagic acid were also studied in mice by analyzing the plasma, liver, and feces. The cytotoxicity of urolithin A, urolithin B, and ellagic acid was assayed in SW480, SW620, HCT 116, and HT-29 cells. Results. Urolithin A and urolithin B were synthesized and purified to reach 98.1% and 99% purity, respectively, and the structures were identified by NMR. In urolithin A intake analysis, urolithin A was only detectable at 3 h, not at 6–24 h; it suggested that urolithin A was rapidly metabolized to some unknown metabolites. Using UPLC-MS/MS analysis, the metabolites might be urolithin A 3-O-glucuronide, urolithin A 3-sulfate, and urolithin A-sulfate glucuronide. After feeding mice with ellagic acid for consecutive 14 days, ellagic acid contents could be detected in the fecal samples, but not in plasma and liver, and urolithin A was not detected in all samples. It suggests that ellagic acid is not easily absorbed and that the biotransformation of ellagic acid to urolithin A by intestinal flora might be very low. From the cytotoxicity assay, it was found that there was anticancer effect in urolithin A and urolithin B but not in ellagic acid. In contrast, ellagic acid promoted the proliferation of SW480 and SW620 cells.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Sep 2023 09:05:00 +000
  • Phytochemical Characteristics and Anti-Inflammatory, Immunoregulatory, and
           Antioxidant Effects of Portulaca oleracea L.: A Comprehensive Review

    • Abstract: Portulaca oleracea L. (P. oleracea) or purslane is a plant from the Portulacaceae family, which is used as food and traditional medicine for various diseases. This review article provides comprehensive information on the antioxidant, immunomodulatory, and anti-inflammatory properties of P. oleracea and its constituents. The literature survey of the different databases until the end of June 2023 was explored based on the keywords including the “P. oleracea, purslane, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and antioxidant properties.” The plant contains flavonoids, alkaloids, terpenoids, fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, and some other compounds. The results indicated that P. oleracea and its constituents showed anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties through reduction of inflammatory mediators including interferon gama (IFN-γ), interleukin (IL)-10, IL-4, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and nitric oxide. Improvement in cytokines’ serum levels (IFN-γ, IL-10, and IL-4) and increased IgG and IgM serum levels, as well as reduction of IgE, phospholipase A2, and total protein were demonstrated for P. oleracea. The plant and its constituents also improved oxidative stress by reduction of oxidant and increase of antioxidant markers. P. oleracea could be considered as an effective remedy for various inflammatory and immune diseases.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Aug 2023 15:20:01 +000
  • Retracted: Influence of Dexmedetomidine on Myocardial Injury in Patients
           with Simultaneous Pancreas-Kidney Transplantation

    • PubDate: Wed, 30 Aug 2023 07:09:52 +000
  • Behavioral Prevention, Treatment, and Rehabilitation of Using Western and
           Chinese Medicines or Herbal Products among the Public in Response to
           COVID-19 in Hong Kong: A Cross-Sectional Study

    • Abstract: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic occurred in Hong Kong for more than two years. This article conducted a cross-sectional study for participants to investigate the behavioral prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of using Western medicines or herbal products for COVID-19 in Hong Kong. A questionnaire was designed and performed over 2 weeks from 1 May to 15 May 2022. It consisted of five parts with around 20 questions conducted including sociodemographic information, prevention, treatment, rehabilitation of COVID-19, and also the sources of information. The pattern usage of Chinese or Western medicines for COVID-19 was studied after data collection. 318 people participated in this survey, and only 311 were qualified. The sociodemographic information, e.g., personal educational level, and behavior for the prevention of COVID-19, which included wearing masks (98.7%), using alcohol hand sanitizer (83.0%), washing hands frequently (82.4%), avoiding crowds (53.1%), and staying home more often (50.6%). Western medicines, such as antipyretic drugs, antitussive drugs, and pain reliever drugs, whilst Chinese medicines, such as Lianhua Qingwen Jiaonang, Huoxiang Zhengqi San or Wan, and Nin Jiom Pei Pa Koa, were most commonly used in the treatment and rehabilitation periods of COVID-19. Herbal products, including lemon, honey, ginger, and herbal tea, were used as a daily diet to fight against COVID-19. Based on the result findings, Chinese medicines or herbal products were used during the COVID-19 pandemic, but most of the participants used an unknown Chinese medicine practitioner’s prescription and self-administered Chinese medicine. The pattern of Chinese medicines and Western medicines’ usage in the prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of COVID-19 was also investigated; this showed a statistically significant association between the variables according to gender, age, and Chinese or Western medicines for further investigation.
      PubDate: Wed, 30 Aug 2023 07:09:51 +000
  • Real-World Study on Chai-Shi-Jie-Du Granules for the Treatment of Dengue
           Fever and the Possible Mechanisms Based on Network Pharmacology

    • Abstract: Objectives. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a widely used method for treating dengue fever in China. TCM improves the symptoms of patients with dengue, but there is no standard TCM prescription for dengue fever. This real-world study aimed to evaluate the effects of Chai-Shi-Jie-Du (CSJD) granules for the treatment of dengue fever and the underlying mechanisms. Methods. We implemented a multicenter real-world study, an in vitro assay and network pharmacology analysis. Patients from 5 hospitals in mainland China who received supportive western treatment in the absence or presence of CSJD were assigned to the control and CSJD groups between 1 August and 31 December 2019. Propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to correct for biases between groups. The clinical data were compared and analyzed. The antidengue virus activity of CSJD was tested in Syrian baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells using the DENV2-NGC strain. Network pharmacological approaches along with active compound screening, target prediction, and GO and KEGG enrichment analyses were used to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms. Results. 137 pairs of patients were successfully matched according to age, sex, and the time from onset to presentation. The time to defervescence (1.7 days vs. 2.5 days, ) and the disease course (4.1 days vs. 6.1 days, ) were significantly shorter in the CSJD group than those in the control group. CSJD showed no anti-DENV2-NGC virus activity in BHK cells. Network pharmacology analysis revealed 108 potential therapeutic targets, and the top GO and KEGG terms were related to immunity, oxidative stress response, and the response to lipopolysaccharide. Conclusions. CSJD granules exhibit high potential for the treatment of dengue fever, and the therapeutic mechanisms involved could be related to regulating immunity, moderating the oxidative stress response, and the response to lipopolysaccharide.
      PubDate: Wed, 30 Aug 2023 04:50:02 +000
  • Study on Optimal Extraction and Hypoglycemic Effect of Quercetin

    • Abstract: Quercetin was extracted from Portulaca oleracea L. through biphasic acid hydrolysis to investigate its potential as a suppressor of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) and its hypoglycemic effect in type 2 diabetic mice. The extraction procedure was optimized utilizing the response surface method (RSM) in a single-factor experimental setting. An extraction efficiency of 0.675% was achieved using the following optimized parameters: 0.064 mol/L vitriol, 1 : 109.155 solid-liquid ratio, and 21.408 min ultrasonication. Overall, findings indicate the effectiveness of quercetin extraction. A mouse model for type 2 diabetes was established to receive oral treatment with various quercetin concentrations for 8 weeks. Fasting blood glucose (FBG) and the DPP-IV activity in the serum were significantly reduced. The weight and insulin levels of the mice in the quercetin group were raised compared to those in the model group ( 
      PubDate: Tue, 29 Aug 2023 07:35:00 +000
  • Nigella sativa Oil Improves Motor Skill Learning of Albino Mice: In Vivo
           and In Silico Investigations

    • Abstract: Experimental evidences demonstrated that Nigella sativa oil (NSO) can restore neuronal integrities and processes by increasing the neuronal density, decreasing apoptosis, preventing inflammatory processes, and improving the neurogenic cells in the hippocampus. This refurbishment enhances the learning process and memory. The antioxidant defense mechanism of NSO slows down the process of neurodegeneration and motor deficit. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of NSO on motor skill learning using the single pellet reaching task method on Swiss albino mice, followed by in silico studies. Mice (total of 16) were randomly divided into the control group and treatment group (n = 8). The treatment group received 1 ml/kg b.w. NSO orally once daily for 7 days, and a control group received 1 ml/kg normal saline instead of NSO in a similar manner. The average success rate due to ingestion of NSO in the treatment group mice increased significantly () compared to controlled mice. Molecular docking analysis revealed that thymoquinone, carvacrol, thymohydroquinone, p-cymene, and t-anethole have binding affinities for the α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPA-R) that ranges from (-5.1 to -6.2) kcal/mol, which is comparable to the reference ligand glutamic acid binding affinity with AMPA-R (-6.6 kcal/mol). Thymoquinone and carvacrol formed hydrogen bonds with AMPA receptor at TYR61, SER142, and SER143 residues, comparable to the binding affinity of glutamic acid. ADMET analysis reported that all the compounds have higher bioavailability (>90%) and can cross the BBB easily (logBB> 0.3). Based on our experimental data and in silico report, we concluded that the enhanced motor skill learning effects of NSO are due to presence of potent antioxidants—thymoquinone and carvacrol—which might serve as AMPA receptor agonists. These phytoconstituents may play role in synaptic strengthening and promote experience-dependent motor skill learning.
      PubDate: Fri, 25 Aug 2023 06:50:01 +000
  • Effect of a Standardized Extract of Asparagus officinalis Stem (ETAS®50)
           on Cognitive Function, Psychological Symptoms, and Behavior in Patients
           with Dementia: A Randomized Crossover Trial

    • Abstract: Dementia is a disease of substantial national concern in a superaging society in Japan. Thus, the treatments targeting this disease are of high priority. However, pharmaceutical treatments are under development and invasive. Hence, many alternative treatments, which are less invasive, are tried, and some of them are supposed to work for dementia symptoms. ETAS®50 is one of these treatments. ETAS®50, a standardized extract of the Asparagus officinalis stem with heat shock protein-inducing activity, is a functional food. ETAS®50 has antistress, autonomic nerve regulation, and sleep quality improvement effects in humans and could contribute to relieving dementia symptoms. This double-blind crossover pilot trial aimed to examine the effects of ETAS®50. A total of 27 patients with mild-to-moderate dementia between October 2018 and February 2020 were included in the trial. ETAS®50 was consumed for 12 weeks and then a placebo for 12 weeks. A significant difference in the mean score of the severity of symptoms in the Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire (NPI-Q-a) was observed between the ETAS®50 period (0.56 ± 1.72 points) and placebo period (−0.67 ± 2.34 points) (). Between-group comparisons with respect to the items of NPI-Q-a also showed a significant decrease in symptoms in the ETAS®50 period compared with the placebo period ( for agitation and for depression). In addition, we observed that scores for apathy tended to improve in the ETAS®50 period ().
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Aug 2023 04:50:01 +000
  • Herbs Used in Antimalarial Medicines: A Study in the Greater Accra Region
           of Ghana

    • Abstract: Background and Aim.Ghana is one of the many Sub-Saharan African countries battling malaria. The disease is treated with orthodox medication as well as some home-grown remedies, mainly from plants. This study sought to identify these local remedies being marketed, focusing on the active ingredients being used. Methods. Pharmacy shops were randomly scouted and products were observed. The active ingredients were documented and their frequencies were determined. Results.Forty-four (44) plant species belonging to twenty-eight (28) families were recorded for the treatment of malaria in the survey. The predominant families were the Leguminosae and Meliaceae families. Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Ghanaian quinine or yellow dye root) and Azadirachta indica (neem tree) were the most cited plants. Cryptolepis and neem tree were used 17 and 15 times, respectively, in the finished herbal products for treating malaria. Conclusion. Cryptolepis sanguinolenta and Azadirachta indica (neem tree) are important herbs for the treatment of malaria in Ghana. Locally manufactured herbal antimalarials are important for the treatment of malaria in urban and rural communities in Ghana.
      PubDate: Sat, 19 Aug 2023 06:50:01 +000
  • Retracted: Efficacy Evaluation of the VFQ-25 Scale in Patients with
           Different Degrees of Vitreous Opacity After Nd : YAG Laser Ablation

    • PubDate: Wed, 16 Aug 2023 07:07:27 +000
  • Retracted: Delayed Surgery to Preserve Kidney with Grade IV Injury

    • PubDate: Wed, 16 Aug 2023 07:07:25 +000
  • Retracted: Clinical Efficacy of Topical Tacrolimus on Conjunctival
           Hyperemia Caused by Prostaglandin Analogues

    • PubDate: Wed, 16 Aug 2023 07:07:24 +000
  • Retracted: The Analysis of the Effect of Blood Transfusion on Changes of
           Blood Platelet Parameters in Patients with Leukemia Treated with

    • PubDate: Wed, 16 Aug 2023 07:07:22 +000
  • Medicinal Plants Used in the Management of Sexual Dysfunction, Infertility

    • Abstract: Sexual disorders such as erectile dysfunction (ED), sterility, and sexual inappetence represent some of the complex reproductive challenges that require addressing the underlying causes. The aim of this paper was to systematically synthesize literature on the ethnobotany, phytochemistry, bioactivities, and safety of plants used as remedies for managing sexual dysfunction and infertility, and improving fertility and virility in the EAC. Through an extensive review conducted in multidisciplinary electronic databases, 171 plant species were identified to have been reported for the management of sexual inappetence (i.e., used as aphrodisiacs, 39.4%), ED (35.9%), infertility (18.7%), and increasing fertility (6.0%). The most used plants are Mondia whitei, Acalypha villicaulis, Combretum illairii, Erythrina abyssinica, Pappea capensis, Rhus vulgaris, and Warburgia ugandensis while roots (44.9%), leaves (21.8%), stem and root barks (16.7%) of shrubs (35%), trees (31%), herbs (26%), and climbers (8%) are the preferred organs for making decoctions (69%). The research strides to date indicate that Citropsis articulata, Cola acuminata, Ekebergia capensis, Plumbago zeylanica, Tarenna graveolens, Urtica massaica, and Zingiber officinale have been assessed for their bioactivity. The majority (71.4%) of the plants either increased testosterone levels and mounting frequency or elicited prosexual stimulatory effects in male rats. More studies investigating the relevant pharmacological activities (aphrodisiac, fertility, and phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitory activities), safety aspects, responsible compounds, and clinical studies are warranted to establish the pharmacological potential of the unstudied species and elucidate the mechanism of action of the bioactive compounds.
      PubDate: Sat, 12 Aug 2023 07:35:00 +000
  • A Pharmacokinetic Study of Different Quercetin Formulations in Healthy
           Participants: A Diet-Controlled, Crossover, Single- and Multiple-Dose
           Pilot Study

    • Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the blood concentrations of quercetin in healthy participants after the administration of different formulations in single- and multiple-dose phases. Ten healthy adults (males, 5; females, 5; age 37 ± 11 years) participated in a diet-controlled, crossover pilot study. Participants received three different doses (250 mg, 500 mg, or 1000 mg) of quercetin aglycone orally. In the single-dose study, blood concentrations (AUC0–24 and Cmax) of standard quercetin were compared with those of LipoMicel®—a food-grade delivery form of quercetin. In the multiple-dose study, blood concentrations of formulated quercetin were observed over 72 h, after repeated doses of LipoMicel (LM) treatments. The AUC0–24 ranged from 77.3 to 1128.9 ng·h/ml: LM significantly increased blood concentrations of quercetin by 7-fold (LM 500) compared to standard quercetin, when tested at the same dose, over 24 h (); LM administered at a higher dose (LM 1000) achieved 15-fold higher absorption (); LM tested at half a dose of standard quercetin increased concentration by approx. 3-fold (LM 250). Quercetin blood concentrations were attained over 72 h. The major metabolites measured in the blood were methylated, sulfate, and glutathione (GSH) conjugates of quercetin. Significant differences in concentrations between quercetin conjugates (sulfate vs. methyl vs. GSH) were observed (). Data obtained from this study suggest that supplementation with LipoMicel® is a promising strategy to increase the absorption of quercetin and its health-promoting effects in humans. However, due to the low sample size in this pilot study, further research is still warranted to confirm the observations in larger populations. This trial is registered with NCT05611827.
      PubDate: Thu, 10 Aug 2023 08:05:00 +000
  • Ninjinyoeito Prevents Onset of Depression-Like Behavior and Reduces
           Hippocampal iNOS Expression in Senescence-Accelerated Mouse Prone 8 Mice

    • Abstract: Late-life depression is a globally prevalent disorder. Ninjinyoeito (NYT), a traditional Japanese herbal medicine, attenuates depressive symptoms in older patients. However, the mechanisms underlying the antidepressive effect of NYT are unknown. In this study, we investigated the mechanism of the action of NYT using senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8) mice, which exhibit accelerated aging. SAMP8 mice were treated with NYT starting at 12 weeks of age. Twelve-week-old SAMP8 mice did not show prolonged immobility time in the tail suspension test compared with age-matched SAMR1 mice (normal aging control). At 34 weeks of age, vehicle-treated SAMP8 mice displayed prolonged immobility time compared with SAMR1 mice. NYT-treated SAMP8 mice showed a shorter immobility time than that of vehicle-treated SAMP8 mice. Notably, NYT decreased hippocampal inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression in SAMP8 mice. There was no difference in iNOS expression between SAMR1 and vehicle-treated SAMP8 mice. Subchronic (5 days) administration of an iNOS inhibitor, 1400 W, shortened the immobility time in SAMP8 mice. These results suggest that NYT prevents an increase in immobility time of SAMP8 mice by decreasing iNOS levels in the hippocampus. Therefore, the antidepressive effect of NYT in older patients might be mediated, at least in part, by the downregulation of iNOS in the brain. Our data suggest that NYT is useful to prevent the onset of depression with aging.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Aug 2023 10:35:01 +000
  • Crataeva nurvala Bark (Capparidaceae) Extract Modulates Oxidative
           Stress-Related Gene Expression, Restores Antioxidant Enzymes, and Prevents
           Oxidative Stress in the Kidney and Heart of 2K1C Rats

    • Abstract: Objective. Crataeva nurvala is a medicinal plant, which contains a wide range of polyphenolic and bioactive compounds. The aim of the study was to evaluate the renal-protective activity of Crataeva nurvala in two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C) rats. Methods. In this study, the ethanol extract of Crataeva nurvala bark at a dose of 100 mg/kg was orally used to treat 2K1C rats for four weeks. At the end of the experiment, all rats were sacrificed and tissue samples were collected for further biochemical and histological assessments. Results. This investigation showed that Crataeva nurvala treatment prevented the kidney dysfunction in 2K1C rats. Uric acid and creatinine concentration and CK-MB activities increased in 2K1C rats which were normalized by Crataeva nurvala. 2K1C rats also showed increased oxidative stress, depicted by the elevated level of MDA, NO, and APOP in plasma and tissues. Oxidative stress parameters declined in 2K1C rats by the treatment of Crataeva nurvala. These results could be attributed to the restoration of antioxidant enzyme activities such as catalase and SOD. Crataeva nurvala extracts also upregulated antioxidant gene expression in the kidneys of 2K1C rats. Moreover, several anti-inflammatory genes were suppressed by Crataeva nurvala treatment in 2K1C rats. Furthermore, fibrosis and collagen deposition in the kidneys were also lowered by the treatment of the Crataeva nurvala extract. Conclusion. The experimental data suggest that the Crataeva nurvala extract protected renal damage and oxidative stress, probably by restoring antioxidant enzymes activities in 2K1C rats.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Aug 2023 10:35:01 +000
  • Retracted: Deep Neural Networks for Optimal Selection of Features Related
           to Flu

    • PubDate: Wed, 09 Aug 2023 07:13:35 +000
  • Retracted: Silencing CAMK2D Promotes the Proliferation of Spermatogonia in
           the Testis of Experimental Varicocele Rats

    • PubDate: Wed, 09 Aug 2023 07:13:33 +000
  • Retracted: Comparison of the Efficacy of Different Insulin Administration
           and Blood Glucose Monitoring Methods in the Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes
           Mellitus in Children

    • PubDate: Wed, 09 Aug 2023 07:13:32 +000
  • Retracted: LncRNA Gm43843 Promotes Cardiac Hypertrophy via
           miR-153-3p/Cacna1c Axis

    • PubDate: Wed, 09 Aug 2023 07:13:30 +000
  • Retracted: Relationship between Severity of Disease and Postoperative
           Neurological Recovery in Patients with Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy
           Combined with Developmental Spinal Stenosis

    • PubDate: Wed, 09 Aug 2023 07:13:29 +000
  • Retracted: Curcumin Plant for Colorectal Cancer Prediction and Prevention
           Using In Silico Molecular Analysis; HOT-MELT Extrusion

    • PubDate: Wed, 09 Aug 2023 07:13:28 +000
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