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  Subjects -> ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE (Total: 106 journals)
Showing 1 - 15 of 15 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acupuncture in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Advanced Herbal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Alternative & Integrative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Alternative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alternative Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anales de Hidrología Médica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arteterapia. Papeles de arteterapia y educación artística para la inclusión social     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Plant Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of Herbal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Music Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Chinese Herbal Medicines     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Medicine and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cognitive Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Complementary Therapies in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Deutsche Heilpraktiker-Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Erfahrungsheilkunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Medicinal Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Fitoterapia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Global Journal of Integrated Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine     Open Access  
Global Journal of Traditional Medicine     Open Access  
Herba Polonica     Open Access  
Herbal Medicines Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Ayurveda and lntegrative Medicine Klue     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovare Journal of Ayurvedic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intas Polivet     Full-text available via subscription  
Integrative Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of High Dilution Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
International Journal of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ipnosi     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Applied Arts and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Asian Natural Products Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Ayurveda Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of AYUSH :- Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Dance Medicine & Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Drug Research in Ayurvedic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Fasting and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ginseng Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Sciences Scholarship     Open Access  
Journal of Herbal Drugs (An International Journal on Medicinal Herbs)     Open Access  
Journal of Herbal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Herbal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Integrative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Integrative Medicine & Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Medicinal Plants for Economic Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicinally Active Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Natural Remedies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nutraceuticals and Herbal Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Journal of Research in Ayurvedic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Australian Traditional-Medicine Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Médecine Palliative     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Medical Acupuncture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Medicines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mersin Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Lokman Hekim Tıp Tarihi ve Folklorik Tıp Dergisi     Open Access  
Muller Journal of Medical Sciences and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Natural solutions     Full-text available via subscription  
Natural Volatiles & Essential Oils     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Natural Products and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
OA Alternative Medicine     Open Access  
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Research Journal of Medicinal Plant     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research Journal of Pharmacognosy     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Acupuntura     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Journal of Plant and Soil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Synfacts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Traditional & Kampo Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Traditional Medicine Journal     Open Access  
World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion     Full-text available via subscription  
World Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine     Open Access  
Yoga Mimamsa     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Orthomolekulare Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)

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Natural Volatiles & Essential Oils
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2148-9637
Published by Badebio Biotechnology Ltd Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Effect Of Integrated Reporting On Financial Performance Of Quoted Finance
           Companies In Nigeria

    • Authors: Ogar-Abang John Oyong ; Asso. Prof. Osita Aguolu , Umagu Udemeobong Bahakonfe , Inyang, Ethel Ohanya
      Pages: 1 - 13
      Abstract: This study investigates the effect of integrated reporting on the financial performance of quoted finance companies in Nigeria from 2014 to 2020. The study used a sample size of 28 finance companies quoted on the floor of the Nigerian Stock Exchange, now called exchange group, by way of the purposive sampling method. The researcher used an ex-post facto research design. The dependent variable was measured by earnings per share. The independent variable was measured by integrated reporting. The study employed a secondary source of data obtained from the finance firms' annual reports and the Nigerian exchange group website. The results from the multiple regression analysis proved that integrated reporting has a positive relationship with the financial performance of quoted finance companies in Nigeria. Based on the findings and the study's conclusion, the study recommends that The Financial Reporting Council of Nigeria (FRCN), the country's standard-setter, make integrated reporting mandatory, as it is in South Africa.
      PubDate: 2022-05-02
  • Decision Making Strategy In Regional Based New And Renewable Energy
           Governance Planning As A Supporter Of State Defense (East Nusa Tenggara
           Case Study)

    • Authors: Syaiful Hidayat ; Purnomo Yusgiantoro , Suyono Thamrin , Rudy Laksmono Widayatno
      Pages: 14 - 24
      Abstract: The important role of energy in the country's economy causes the need for energy security, such as availability and ease of
      access. Limited fossil energy sources require diversification from the use of new and renewable energy sources (EBT).
      Therefore, the important role of energy in the economy is directly linked to the element of national security. The national
      defense sector, which has the duty and responsibility of maintaining regional sovereignty, requires energy to support
      national defense efforts. The reciprocal relationship between defense and energy shows the urgency of energy. In the area
      of Indonesia that is in energy use, when viewed from the level of electrification ratio, the province of East Nusa Tenggara
      (NTT) is the region with the lowest level. Energy supply support to support defense in the NTT region must be planned
      effectively, efficiently and sustainably. NTT has the potential for wind energy worth 10,130,000 MW and the potential for
      solar energy worth 9,930,000 MW. The potential needs to be managed through the right policy planning strategy. The
      formulation of targets, alternative engineering and evaluation of alternatives are needed in strategic planning so that the
      assessment of alternatives based on assumptions can fully identify the policy needs of the NTT region.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
  • Energy Management Strategy For State Defense Toward The Energy Crisis

    • Authors: Syaiful Hidayat ; Purnomo Yusgiantoro , Suyono Thamrin , Rudy Laksmono Widayatno
      Pages: 25 - 35
      Abstract: Energy needs to support activities make energy an influential factor for everyday life. The guarantee of the
      availability of energy supply which has decreased requires diversification. Energy for defense requires a
      management planning strategy by supporting government programs, namely the energy mix using new and
      renewable energy (EBT). Through this research, it is hoped that an effective and efficient energy management
      strategy for national defense can be obtained in the face of the energy crisis experienced by Indonesia. The
      method used is by conducting literature studies through policies related to defense and energy and studying
      existing phenomena. The results showed that the need for electricity to support military base operations can
      use power plants with renewable energy sources. Regional arrangement based on the energy potential that
      is owned can be used as a strategic area for the formation of a defense area plan. The synergy between the
      targets of the National / Regional Energy General Plan (RUEN / D) and the Regional Defense Plan (RWP) can
      create infrastructure that can support the management and utilization of energy for military bases. Strategies
      that can be carried out are to carry out an inventory of the potential for new and renewable energy in various
      regions, do more in-depth research, make plans in more detail and finally determine energy generators that
      are suitable for availability and needs.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
  • Geospatial Intelligence For The Selection Of Locations For The New
           Indonesian Presidential Palace

    • Authors: Sa’dianoor ; Syamsul Maarif , Sobar Sutisna Edy Saptono
      Pages: 36 - 47
      Abstract: Geospatial Intelligence (GEOINT) has expanded to various fields of life. By combining with the science
      of geography to produce defense geography. This study aims to see the ability of GEOINT in assisting the
      selection of the location of the presidential palace, which is planned to be moved from Jakarta to East
      Kalimantan. Using photogrammetric data can produce an overview of the planned location of the capital as a
      basis for competent respondents to make choices. Of the eight respondents, all of whom live or work around
      the planned location of the capital city, they got the best alternative based on GEOINT data. Respondents
      chose alternative 1 because it had the highest score from the aspect of physical geography and socio-cultural
      geography. From the interviews, most of the respondents wanted a location that was safe from flooding and
      far from residential areas and there was no relocation of residents. The conclusion is that GEOINT can
      summarize the condition of the planned location of the new state capital from a physical and socio-cultural
      perspective. GEOINT is not only useful for military purposes but also for non-military interests.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
  • Plyometric Training And Its Effects On Power And Speed, Applying A Program
           Of Plyometric Intervention In Pre-Pubertal Children Practicing Indoor

    • Authors: Cristhian Alberto Bautista Rico ; Mario Alexi Isidro Delgado , Edgar Maurcio Amaya Corredor
      Pages: 48 - 81
      Abstract: The study aims to determine the effect of strength training from the plyometric method on power and speed, applying an intervention program in prepubertal children practicing indoor soccer. The selected sample was divided into two groups: control (group that continued with the development of the basic training established by the sports training school) and experimental (group to which was applied, in addition to the training activities of the sports training school, the intervention program). In the development of this research, the quantitative approach was taken into account, allowing making conjectures in the research process to generate descriptive and correlational scopes between the control and experimental groups. The intervention was developed establishing ten weeks for the execution of the program, with a training frequency of three weekly sessions. Three blocks were established: block one, self-loading; block two, elastics; and block three, traction and facilitated exercises. The following tests were used for the evaluation: University and Illinois agility tests, thirty-meter speed, Abalakov, CMJ counter-movement jump, squat jump, as well as the percentage of muscular contraction and the percentage of elastic contribution.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
  • Qbd Approach High-Performance Liquid Chromatographic Technique For
           Determination Of Clofarabine Impurities In Clofarabine Api, Clofarabine
           Parenteral Dosage Form And Reconstitution Studies

    • Authors: Arjuna Rao Nekkalapudi ; Venu gopal Veldi , Hanimi Reddy Bapatu
      Pages: 82 - 98
      Abstract: Using the quality by design concept (QbD) and a DoE methodology to identify the design space for a technique of Related impurities method for Clofarabine API, Clofarabine parenteral dosage form, and reconstitution studies using 0.9 percent sodium chloride.
      Using design expert software, DoE was used to do a simultaneous multivariant approach for pH, buffer strength in the mobile phase, and flow rate. Trials were done in a two-level fractional factorial design (2 4-1 + 4 canter points = 12 experiments) to establish design space. Method development experiments were performed by using a composite degradation sample with spiked known impurities. Degradation unknown and known impurity pairs were studied statistically to identify the chromatographic parameters essential for their resolution. Various data tables, such as analysis of variance and Pareto charts, were used to assess conclusions made during this process. The 'design space' of the method's chromatographic factor range was shown in the plot of desirability. The procedure is exact, specific, accurate, and reliable all at once. This method is found suitable for the quantification of impurities in Clofarabine API, Clofarabine parenteral dosage form, and reconstitution studies.
      PubDate: 2022-05-06
  • Automation In Agricultural Robot For Farming And Seeding Purpose

    • Authors: Mohamed Mehdi Hadi Mohamed ; Cristian German Santiana Espín , Jacinto Alex Roca Cedeño , Ricardo Augusto Ponce Jaramillo , Lanchimba Coyago Paulino Jeovanny
      Pages: 99 - 106
      Abstract: To help farmers by providing real time date about their cultivation land With the advancement of science and recent
      technologies the scientist is attracted towards agricultural field and the work is based on Robotic system. The field farming and
      robotics systems are merge together and it is efficiently worked together to overcome the issues. This issue is solved by the
      robotics and it is worked very well for the agriculture process and the robotics technology is played a good vital role in engineering,
      medical field, military, etc. The main topology of this paper deals with the robot for the farming seeds to reduce the man power
      intervention. In this work moisture sensor indicates the soil water content in the agricultural field. Ultrasonic sensor is used for
      distance calculating the obstacles to indicate the robot to turn the direction for seeding the cultivation land. Program is simulated
      using Arduino Software. In this paper the whole work reviews with the robot for cultivation.
      PubDate: 2022-05-06
  • Influence Of Oxidative Biomarkers On APE1 Gene Expression In Iraqi Breast
           Cancer Women

    • Authors: Altayeb Jasim Mohammed ; Murat Çanlı
      Pages: 107 - 113
      Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the APE1 gene expression with some clinical biomarkers in breast cancer women. Ninety
      women were enrolled in this study; they were divided equally into 2 groups: the breast cancer patients’ group, which
      attended the Al-Eluia hospital for women's care in Baghdad, and the healthy control women's group. Five milliliters of
      blood were taken from patients and a healthy control group. Two milliliters of blood were transmitted directly to EDTA
      tubes, and then the ELISA technique was used to determine the oxidative biomarkers like Glutathione Peroxidase 1
      (GPX1), Estradiol (E2), Malondialdehyde (MDA), and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Three milliliters of blood were used
      for gene expression by using the RT-PCR method. The result of this study showed that there were significant differences
      in the expression of the APE1 gene were the gene folding for patients was 3.004 ±0.15 when compared with the control
      group 1.00 ±0.00. In conclusion, when comparing breast cancer patients to healthy people, it was discovered that the
      APE1 gene was out of the ordinary.
      PubDate: 2022-05-06
  • Effects Of Complex Exercise For 12 Weeks On The Bone Mass Content,
           Diabetes Risk Factors, Bdnfs, And Inflammation-Related Factors Of Type 2
           Diabetic Patients

    • Authors: Jang-Jun Park ; Hyun-Jun Kim , Yeun-Suk Cho , In-Joo Kim , Sang-Soo Kim , Won-Sik Bae
      Pages: 114 - 122
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of complex exercise for 12 weeks on the bone
      mass content, diabetes risk factors(HDL-C, LDL-C, HbA1c, TC, TG), BDNFs, which are brain derived neurotrophic
      factors, inflammation-related factors(IL-6, TNF-α) of type 2 diabetic patients. The subjects of this study were 50-
      70 years old female type 2 diabetic patients residing in Busan selected through simple random sampling and
      assigned to an exercise group of 10 subjects and a control group of 10 subjects. A complex exercise program was
      administered to 20 type 2 diabetic patients (10 in an exercise group, 10 in a control group) for 60 minutes per
      time, three times per week for 12 weeks and differences in the amounts of changes were analyzed. As for
      changes in bone mass content (BMC), whereas the exercise group did not show any significant change, the
      control group showed significant decreases and the difference in mean values between the two groups was
      significant(p<.01). Among diabetes risk factors, HbA1c was shown to be statistically different between the two
      groups after the execution of the complex exercise program(p<.05). HDL-C was shown to be statistically different
      between the two groups after the execution of the complex exercise program (p<.01), and changed significantly
      in the complex exercise group but not in the control group(p<.01). Changes in BDNF were analyzed and the
      results indicated significant intergroup differences (p<.01). The results of analysis of changes in IL-6 also showed
      significant intergroup differences (p<.01). Through this study, it could be seen that the 12-week complex exercise
      program is effective for the prevention and treatment of diabetes and diabetic complications because the
      program improved the factors such as the bone mass content, HDL-C, HbA1c, BDNF, IL-6 of type 2 diabetic
      PubDate: 2022-05-08
  • Comparison Of Health-Related And Skill-Related Physical Fitness Status Of
           Elite Youth Under-17 Ethiopian Football Players Across Four Different
           Positions Of Play

    • Authors: Mohammednasir Yimer ; Aemero Asmamaw , Zerihun Birhanu
      Pages: 123 - 134
      Abstract: The purpose of the current study was to investigate health-related and skill-related such as strength endurance,
      flexibility, and agility, speed physical fitness of elite youth under-17 Ethiopian football players across four
      different positions considered as fullback, center back, midfield, and striker. The current study employed a crosssectional survey design with a purposive sampling technique to obtain the required data. Thus, 75 (62.5%)
      volunteer elite youth under-17 players were selected from five elite youth under-17 football clubs. There were
      statistically significant differences among positions of play in agility, F (3, 71) = 2.92, P < .05; flexibility, F (3, 71)
      = 2.65, P < .05; and speed, F (3, 71) = 2.89, P < .05. However, there was no statistically significant difference in
      strength endurance across four different positions of players. We suggest that Ethiopian elite youth U-17
      football coaches should test and record fitness profile of players vis-à-vis their position of play and identify
      players’ individual level of fitness in comparison to the demand of contemporary football game in general and
      their positions of play in particular.
      PubDate: 2022-05-08
  • Effect Of Soil Compaction In Central And Southern Iraq On Growth And
           Productivity Of Wheat And Rice Crops

    • Authors: Asaad RAJ Al-Mhannawi; Hussein GA Al-Kellabi
      Pages: 135 - 140
      Abstract: A field study was carried out to reveal the effect of compaction of irrigated soils resulting from the movement of heavy machinery adopted in soil and crop management processes in central and southern Iraq on some physical, water and engineering properties of soil. The effect of compaction of heavy and light soils in the fields of cereal crops "wheat and rice" was studied. The study was conducted on eight sites in four stations of different textures, two sites in each station. The four sites are Al-Fajr district, Dhi Qar governorate (mixed texture soil), sand dunes station located on the FAO project between Dhi Qar and Al-Qadisiyah (mixed sandy soil), rice research station in Al-Mashkhab area/Najaf governorate (clay mixed soil), and Al-Qadisiyah-Hor Salib region (Alluvial clay soil). The study focused on comparing sites with compacted soils with sites with non-compacted soils in terms of some of the growth and yield measures (plant length, horizontal root length, deep root length, and dry weight of total yield) of wheat and rice yields affected by soil compaction. The results showed the clear effect of soil compaction on the vegetative growth of wheat and rice crops. In general, a significant decrease in growth indicators and yield was observed in the frequently cultivated compacted soil sites (C1) compared to the neighboring newly planted (un-compacted) sites (C0). This effect was negatively reflected on plant height, root system and yield, and led to a decrease in total yield in Qadisiyah and Mashkhab stations, which are characterized by clay soil, and Al-Fajr station with mixed soil. In general, the compaction operations affected the physical properties of the soil and led to a clear imbalance in the growth systems and yield indicators. This is in addition to the risk of soil detoriration over time and an increase in compaction due to pressure and repeated cultivation.
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
  • Effect Of Spraying With SW Extract And Plant Earthing Up Process On Growth
           And Yield Of Greenhouse Tomato Lycopersicon Esculentum Mill

    • Authors: Hisham A. Amran ; Mohammed H. Obaid Khalid A. Mutar
      Pages: 141 - 147
      Abstract: The experiment was carried out in a plastic house belonging to the Department of Horticulture and
      Landscape of the College of Agriculture - University of Karbala for the 2021 growing season to study
      the effect of spraying with marine lichen solution and the export process on the growth and yield of
      tomato (Wjdan variety). The treatments included five concentrations of the organic nutrients marine
      lichens 0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 ml. Liter-1 for the first factor, while guaranteeing the factor or the
      procedure or not to make the Plant Hilling. The experiment was carried out in a randomized complete
      block design (RCBD), as a factorial experiment with three replications. The results showed that
      spraying SW extract had a significant effect on the characteristics of vegetative growth and plant
      yield. The best rate of plant yield was in the spray treatment with a concentration of 200 ml. L-1
      which led to 2.138 kg. Plant-1
      , compared to the control treatment (spraying with distilled water),
      which led to 1.492 Kg. plant-1
      . The results also showed that the plant earthing up process had a
      significant effect on the vegetative growth and yield characters, which was 1.956 Kg. plant-1
      in the
      hilled plants, while the non-earthing up plants gave 1.815 kg. plant-1
      . In general, the best results of the
      yield were in the treatment of the interaction 200 ml.L-1
      SW and plant earthing up, which led to the
      highest yield of 2.152 Kg.plant-1
      compared to the yield of non-earthing up and DW sprayed plants
      which resulted in 1.235 Kg. plant-1
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
  • Effect Of Powders Of Three Plants On Some Biological Characteristics Of
           The Cowpea Beetle Callosobruchus Maculate (Fabricius) (Coleoptera:

    • Authors: Jumaʹa T. Muhammad ; Ibrahim A. Hassan Basem A. Taha
      Pages: 148 - 159
      Abstract: Laboratory study was conducted at Plant Protection Department/ College of Agriculture and Forestry/ University of
      Mosul, Iraq, during 2021, to investigate the bioactivity of powders from Fenugreek, Trigonella foenum-graecum L.
      (seed) (Fabaceae), Oleander, Nerium oleander L. (leave) (Apocynaceae) and Coriander, Coriandrum sativum L. (seed)
      (Apiaceae) against the reproduction and damage of Callosobruchus maculatus F. (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) on cowpea
      seed (Vigna unguiculata (L.) walp), based on the rate of egg-laying performance, the emergence of the adult, the
      percentage of decrease in the first generation, seed damage, weight loss of cowpea seed, weevil perforation index
      (WPI)% and the percentage of germination of seeds infected by this insect. The powders were incorporated at rates 0.0
      (control), 0.2, 0.5, 0.7, 1.0 g/10 g cowpea seeds. Results of this studies revealed that C. sativum at concentration
      1.0g/10g seed had significantly negative effects on C. maculatus for all parameters measured. T. foenum-graecum and
      N. oleander also showed significant effects but with less effect. The results indicate that these botanical powders have
      the potential to protect cowpea seeds from cowpea weevils damage compared to when the seeds stored unprotected.
      They should, therefore, be included in pest management strategies for C. maculatus in grains stored on-farm in rural
      tropical and subtropical regions.
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
  • Effect Of Microwave Oven Exposure On Olive Oil Stability Against Oxidation

    • Authors: Saif Nabeel Qasim; Shaymaa Riyadh Abdulsalam
      Pages: 160 - 166
      Abstract: The study aimed to investigate the effect of microwave radiation at different exposure periods (0, 2,
      4, 6, 8, or 10 min) on the chemical composition and physical and chemical properties of olive oil. The
      effect of microwave radiation on olive oil was also tested after adding some antioxidants including
      vitamin E, BHT and BHA at concentrations of 300, 400, 500) ppm, respectively. The measurements
      included calculating the pH, peroxide, viscosity, density, refractive index and absorbance (UV at
      wavelengths of 232 and 270 nm). The results showed that exposing olive oil to microwave rays
      increased, although not significant, in acidity number, refractive index and density. On the other
      hand, the values varied between significant and insignificant with respect to smoking point and
      viscosity until the end of the exposure period, while the absorbance increased at wavelength 232 and
      271 nm with increasing exposure period.
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
  • Platelet To Lymphocyte Ratio As A Predictor Of SIRS In Patients With
           Peptic Ulcer Perforation Underwent Surgery

    • Authors: I Gede Hendra Wijaya ; I Ketut Sudiasa , Tjokorda Gde Bagus Mahadewa , Sri Maliawan , I Gede Budhi Setiawan , I Wayan Yudiana
      Pages: 167 - 178
      Abstract: Background: The high incidence of postoperative Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) in patients with peptic ulcer perforation motivates researchers to search for inexpensive, convenient, simple, and non-invasive preoperative biomarkers that can be used to predict SIRS.
      Aim: To assess the Platelet Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR) as a predictor of SIRS in patients with peptic ulcer perforation who underwent surgery at Sanglah General Hospital Denpasar.
      Methods: This study used a retrospective cohort design involving 94 respondents of Peptic Ulcer Perforation patients who underwent surgery at Sanglah Hospital Denpasar from January 2016 to December 2019. The parameters in this study were age, gender, nutritional status, PLR, and occurrence of SIRS.
      Results: Of all the research variables, only PLR was significant. The statistical tests obtained a p-value <0.001 and OR 37.3 (CI: 2.71-9.02). The best cut-off point is 348.5, with an AUC value of 87.5%. The OR value of 37.3 means that PLR️348.5 causes SIRS to occur 37.3 times.
      Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between PLR with the incidence of SIRS, and PLR can be a predictor of SIRS incidence in PUP patients undergoing surgery
      PubDate: 2022-05-11
  • Pulmonary Hypertension As Initial Presentation Of Systemic Lupus
           Erythematosus: A Rare Case Report

    • Authors: Rizqi Arini Siregar ; RM Suryo Anggoro Kusumo Wibowo
      Pages: 179 - 188
      Abstract: Backgrounds: SLE is a disease with diverse manifestations and occurred 6-10 times more often in women than
      men. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) has been reported as clinical manifestations of SLE and its prevalence is
      estimated between 0.5% and 43%. However, PH as the presenting manifestation of SLE is rarely reported. SLE
      patients with PH has an unfavorable prognosis with the median survival from the onset of PH is two years.
      Aim: To report a case of 37-year-old woman with PH as the presenting manifestation of SLE and review the
      literature about such case.
      Cases: A 37 years old female patient was admitted with the main complaint of worsening shortness of breath
      since one week before. She experienced lassitude and felt more comfortable sleeping with 2 or 3 pillows. She
      also experienced nausea and edema at her lower extremities. From the physical examination she was slightly
      jaundice, non-scarring alopecia, mild bilateral pitting edema and holosystolic murmur were also found. Her
      Antinuclear Antibody (ANA) test was positive with 1/320 titer and low complement level. Chest X-ray showed
      cardiomegaly. Echocardiography and aortic CT scan showed pulmonary hypertension. She fulfilled 2019
      ACR/EULAR criteria for SLE and was diagnosed as SLE-associated pulmonary hypertension (SLE-a PH). She was
      treated with anticoagulant, glucocorticoid, antimalarial, immunosuppressive agent and standard treatment
      of PH with improving symptoms.
      Conclusion: Pulmonary hypertension is a rare initial manifestation of autoimmune disease including SLE
      PubDate: 2022-05-11
  • Ready To Bake Multigrain Cookies

    • Authors: Khushboo Singhal ; Amit Pratap Singh , Ashish Khare , Apoorva Behari Lal , Anurag Singh
      Pages: 189 - 200
      Abstract: Traditional cookies are ready to eat and the most palatable snack product widely available in the market. These cookies
      are low in protein and dietary fibres. Also, the preparation of fresh cookies at home is a tedious and time-consuming process.
      Therefore, an attempt was made to prepare ready-to-bake multigrain cookies with a high protein and fibre content. These
      ready-to-bake cookies will be available in the market in the form of frozen unbaked cookies that only have to be baked at home
      so that the consumers will get freshly baked cookies with increased nutritional value. In this study, barley flour (BF) and cornflour
      (CF) were incorporated with refined wheat flour (RWF) in various proportions. The incorporation of barley increases the protein,
      fibre and adds beta-glucan to cookies which is very beneficial for health, while corn flour improves the taste and texture of the
      multigrain cookies. Therefore, five different formulations for ready-to-bake cookies were prepared, i.e. S1 (RWF: BF: CF :: 70:
      20: 10), S2 (RWF: BF: CF:: 60: 30: 10), S3 (RWF: BF: CF:: 50: 40: 10), S4 (RWF: BF: CF:: 40: 35: 25), and S5 (RWF: BF: CF:: 30: 30:
      40). Based on the physicochemical and sensory evaluation of baked cookies, Sample S4 was found the most acceptable. The
      unbaked cookies of Sample S4 were then stored at freezing temperature -18°C in the deep freezer. The sensory characteristics
      of the frozen stored cookies (after baking) were studied at an interval of 15 days for about three months of frozen storage. No
      significant changes have appeared in the quality of ready-to-bake cookies during frozen storage. Thus, this study's outcome will
      help in development of healthy multigrain cookies, which can be baked at home in a few minutes.
      PubDate: 2022-05-11
  • Large Scale Simulation Of Cyanovirin Production From Conventional And
           Biotechnological Techniques

    • Authors: Martín Torres ; Jose Carvajal ; German Gelves
      Pages: 201 - 211
      Abstract: This paper's primary purpose is to determine the best cyanovirin-N n large-scale technique for production
      based on its pre-feasibility reached using the traditional method (applying recombinant soybean) and the
      biotechnological method (employing Nostoc ellipsosporum cultures in bioreactors). Cyanovirin-N is a lectin capable
      of inhibiting HIV type 1 and 2 infections. Hence the importance of optimizing production and improving costeffectiveness for its use as immediate treatment in HIV patients is crucial for further researches. In various studies,
      it is confirmed that the problem lies in the low production of cyanovirin at the level of Nostoc ellipsosporum.
      However, this method is essential to find a solution since the operating conditions can be controlled and not
      dependent on environmental factors as in traditional processes. The results obtained using SuperPro Designer®
      software indicate that the soybean produces a greater quantity of crystallized cyanovirin-N (744.48kg/h), but it is
      not profitable due to the annual operating cost (USD) $ 458,892,000. The latter is due to its comparison to the results
      using Nostoc ellipsosporum. This latter reveals lower cyanovirin-N crystals (0.36kg/h). However, the annual
      operating cost significantly decreases to (USD) $ 24,236,000, almost 85% less than the cost compared to the
      traditional method. It should be noted that the culture medium used for Nostoc ellipsosporum offers better
      conditions for protein synthesis and opens the way to future studies that standardize profitable methods in the
      production of this lectin.
      PubDate: 2022-05-11
  • The Effects Of Urbanization Towards Social And Cultural Changes Among West
           African Countries

    • Authors: Dr. KM Ashifa
      Pages: 212 - 218
      Abstract: The West Africa society is rapidly becoming Urban as a result of multitude push and pull factors going on in West
      Africa. The study examines the rhythm of urban life marked by collective consumption which influences cultural
      values, pervades dressing styles of the wider social environment and health in West Africa. This has also generated
      urban health crises among city dwellers and the rural areas. The review showed that the pace of urbanization is
      unprecedented with cities such as Lagos having annual urban growth rate of 5.8%. Urbanization in West Africa is
      mainly demographically driven without commensurate socioeconomic dividends and benefits to the urban
      environment. This has created urban health crises of inadequate water safe supply, squalor and shanty settlements,
      sanitation, solid waste management, double burden of diseases and inefficient, congested, and risky transport
      system. In conclusion, when managed carefully, urbanization could reduce hardship and human suffering; on the
      other hand, it could also increase poverty and squalor. Some laws need to be amended to change the status of poor
      urban settlements. Urban health development requires intersectoral approach with political will and urban renewal
      program to make our urban societies sustainable that promote healthy living.
      PubDate: 2022-05-11
  • Development In The Scavenging Efficiency Of H2S Scavengers In Oil And Gas

    • Authors: Ismail A. Elhaty
      Pages: 219 - 229
      Abstract: Hydrogen sulfide H2S is an acid gas present in oil and gas reservoirs. The presence of H2S reduces the quality of
      natural gas. Hydrogen sulfide scavengers are widely used in the production and processing operations in the Oil and
      Gas Industry to maintain the integrity of the pipelines and workplace safety. Scavengers are divided into regenerative
      and non-regenerative. In degenerative scavengers, concentrated solutions of aqueous alkanolamines are the most
      employed for H2S removal from natural gas. Non regenerative scavengers include triazines, amine based, aldehydes,
      metal chelates and others. Triazines represent the most widely used non regenerative scavengers due to their high
      efficiency, fast kinetics, and low toxicity. This paper includes the up to date development in the field of H2S
      scavengers used to minimize or eliminate the various problems caused by hydrogen sulfide during oil and gas drilling
      operations. The advantages and disadvantages of such scavengers will be compared.
      PubDate: 2022-05-11
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
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