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Mersin Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Lokman Hekim Tıp Tarihi ve Folklorik Tıp Dergisi
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1309-761X - ISSN (Online) 1309-8004
Published by Mersin Universitesi Homepage  [5 journals]
  • Overview of the History of Turkish Radiology in the Light of Archives
           Documents (1896-1933)

    • Authors: Fuat İNCE; Kadircan KESKİNBORA
      Abstract: Purpose: To describe the birth of radiology and, its development in the late Ottoman period and during the Republic's early years in Turkiye, and to share information obtained by examining official archive documents.Method: The study was designed as a document analysis in qualitative research. Publications about the subject were examined, Turkish State Archives were scanned, and documents were analyzed.Results: Turkiye has introduced X-rays in 1896, thanks to Esad Feyzi. In the 1897 Ottoman-Greek War, X-Rays were used to aid surgery. The first experiment with X-Ray treatment in Turkiye was made in 1899 by Cemil Pasha. In 1902, a radiotherapy unit was established in Istanbul. After the Republic X-Ray machines were purchased for newly established hospitals, and radiology laboratories were established in the country. Developments in the Ottoman period continued.Conclusion: It is noteworthy that radiology laboratories were established especially in military hospitals during the Ottoman period. The establishment of the Turkish Radiology Association in the early years of the Republic, the procurement of devices from abroad for both existing hospitals and newly established hospitals, and the employment of specialists in hospitals show us that the importance of radiology was understood. To be able to continue successfully Turkiye's radiology adventure beginning in 1896, it is very important to emphasize education as it is before and maybe more, to train qualified manpower, to employ them in the right places, to follow the developments in the world, and to have centers with modern equipment.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Chymotrypsin, Urease Inhibitory and Antioxidant Activities of Malva
           neglecta Wallr.

      Abstract: Objective: In this study, determining the chymotrypsin and urease inhibitory activities as well as antioxidant activity, total phenol and flavonoid content of Malva neglecta Wallr. were aimed.Method: Between April-June 2021, methanol and water extracts were prepared from the flowering and fruiting aerial parts of the plant. Then, in vitro urease and chymotrypsin inhibitory activity were determined. ABTS, CUPRAC and DPPH methods were used to determine the antioxidant activity. Total phenol and flavonoid contents were determined using Folin Ciocalteu and aluminum chloride colorimetric methods, respectively.Results: The methanol extract showed significant chymotrypsin inhibitory activity (IC50: 67.67 µg/mL); on the other hand, both water and methanol extracts moderately inhibited the urease enzyme (36.52 and 34.38% inhibition, respectively). While the methanol extract exhibited higher antioxidant activity in DPPH and CUPRAC tests; the water extract showed higher radical scavenging activity in the ABTS test. In parallel with the results obtained in the DPPH and CUPRAC tests, flavonoid content of the methanol extract was found to be higher (42.93 mg rutin equivalent/g).Conclusion: In conclusion, Malva neglecta attracted attention with its potent chymotrypsin inhibitory activity. Also considering its urease inhibitory activity and antioxidant activity parallel to its flavonoid content, it was concluded that more comprehensive studies should needs to be done on this plant.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Investigation of the presence of volatile organic pollutants (VOCs) in tap
           water in Ankara provincial districts

    • Authors: Onur Kenan ULUTAŞ; Bengüsu ASLAN
      Abstract: Objective: The cleanliness and reliability of water resources is an issue that is kept under regular and continuous control in terms of public health. However, the list of regularly controlled chemical pollutants is limited and it should be noted that the presence of some pollutants that occur with regional or temporal changes may be overlooked. Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) are organic chemicals that both evaporate into air and dissolve in water. VOC are common in everyday life, used in industry, agriculture, transportation and many processes. They are known to be released into the environment, can reach water sources and groundwater, may become persistent and enter the drinking water supply system. Many of these chemicals are toxic, may pose human health or ecological concerns. Volatile organic pollutants also show great diversity, and long-term and nationwide studies based on large and widespread sources indicate that some VOC are seen in water sources.Method: In this study, a signal search was conducted to determine whether there is a regional water pollution in tap waters in Ankara. Tap water samples were taken from the districts of Ankara and the amount of VOC was measured by Head-Space-Gas-Chromatography method.Results: Measurements performed for formaldehyde, n-pentane, tertbutylmethylether, n-hexane, ethylacetate, heptane, 1-butanol, 1,4-dioxane were below the limits of detection (LOD).Conclusion: The results of the study show that there is no signal indicating pollution for 8 selected VOC in any region of the province.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • A Study on Anatomist Rasim Mehmet Pasha and His Composer

    • Authors: Ozan TURAMANLAR
      Abstract: There is no information about the date of birth of Rasim Mehmet Pasha. He graduated from medical school in 1876. After his graduation, he worked with Hasan Mazhar Pasha as a dissection assistant (teşrih muavini) and later as a science teacher (ilm-i teşrih muallimi). It has been reported that the Pasha, whose military rank (major, brigadier general, lieutenant general) increased in the following years, served as a civil servant in various state levels. It has been emphasized that Rasim Mehmet Pasha, who has information about him in very few sources, is a well-known composer. Şehsüvaroğlu wrote, “Many compositions of Tatyos Efendi belong to him. His composition “Çeşm-i Cellâdın kanlar dökdü Kâğıthanede” was very famous at the time.” but his name was not found in the records. Moreover, Şehsüvaroğlu expressed the lack of information about Rasim Mehmet Pasha's life in his work as follows: “… there are many points that still need to be clarified.” To confirm this explanation, the date of Pasha's death, like his birth date, is not written in the sources. As a result, it is necessary to create a comprehensive source of information that includes the lives and works of musicians, famous scientists and physicians who have taken place in the history of anatomy with multidisciplinary research.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Is there a relationship between the choice of anesthesia method and the
           education level of pregnant women in cesarean section'

    • Authors: Harun OZMEN; Bahar AYDINLI, Uğur Serkan ÇİTİLCİOĞLU, Lale TİTİZ, Didem DERİCİ YILDIRIM, Serkan DOGRU
      Abstract: Objective: The use of central blocks in cesarean section surgery, reduces the risks of anesthesia and ensures safer anesthesia. It is thought that mother’s education level may be a factor in determining the anesthesia method. A well-explained anesthesia application will make a positive contribution to the anesthesia team with the mother making the right choice and will make the cesarean section anesthesia application much safer. In our study, it was aimed to investigate the effects of education level on the preference of anesthesia in pregnant women who will undergo cesarean section.Method: The files of 4500 pregnant women who had undergone cesarean section between 2017- 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. Of these, the information of 3998, whose educational and medical data were fully accessed, were recorded. The patient’s age, education level, cesarean section indications and anesthesia preferences (General anesthesia:GA, Regional anesthesia (spinal anesthesia:RA) were recorded. Results: When the choice of anesthesia (GA, RA) and variables were evaluated, no statistically significant difference was found, in terms of education level. Conclusion: After informing the pregnant women in the pre-anesthesia examination, it was concluded that the educational status of the pregnant did not affect the choice of anesthesia, and that spinal anesthesia was preferred and applied more in elective cesarean section.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • A Study on the Place of Dr. Nuriye Peker's 1961 Book for Zavallı
           Çocuklar -Poor Children in the Development Process of Social Pediatrics
           in Turkey

    • Authors: Banu BURUK; Perihan Elif EKMEKÇİ, Selen PEKER, Nejat AKAR
      Abstract: Object: The aim of this study is to Dr. Nuriye Peker's book titled "Zavallı Çocuklar-Poor Children" is to examine comparatively the place of social pediatrics in the development process in our country.Method: First, Dr. Peker's medical education and the factors and people who were influential in her orientation to social pediatrics were examined. Afterward, the book "Poor Children" was analyzed in terms of content, discourse, and methodology, and then it was examined how the approaches to social pediatrics in the book took place in the national and international legislation of the period. Finally, the content of "Poor Children" book has been discussed within the scope of “four main objectives of social pediatrics in developing countries” defined within the first social pediatrics textbook published in our country. Results: Considering that the concept of 'nature' was at the forefront of the 'nature-nurture' debate that was active in our country and in the world at the time the book “Poor Children-Zavallı Çocuklar” was written, it is an original finding that Dr. Peker explained with her own clinical experience that the strong emotional bond to be established with the child is very important for the protection and improvement of health. Other findings related to Dr. Peker’s book are that she has a great command of her patients and their families, that she is far from judgmental towards parents throughout the book, and that she establishes a causal link with her interactions with the child.Conclusion: Dr. Peker's sensitivity, time, and knowledge to see what is behind the problems of the pediatric patients brought to her, contrary to the common understanding during her practice as a physician, reveals her notion of a child psychiatrist.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Content Analysis on Sports Medicine Practices of the Sections in the
           "Manual Treatment of Diseases" of Haly Abbas's Kāmil al-Ṣināʿa

    • Authors: Aydan ÖRSÇELİK; Sabriye ERCAN, Özgür KUŞ
      Abstract: Background: This research aims to examine the current validity and usage of the information on 'fractures', 'dislocations' and 'sprains' written by Haly Abbas in the medical encyclopedia named Kāmil al-Ṣināʿa al-Ṭibbiyya.Methods: In this qualitative study, the 9th article of the 2nd volume of the encyclopedic medicine book Kāmil al-Ṣināʿa al-Ṭibbiyya, called "Manual Treatment of Diseases" was used. The related article examined sections including fractures, dislocations, and sprains. The information given by Haly Abbas in the relevant sections was analyzed as content and compared with today's literature. Results: Issues related to fractures, dislocations, and sprains, were identified between sections 82-111 of the 9th article (Manual Treatment of Diseases) of the 2nd volume of Kāmil al-Ṣināʿa al-Ṭibbiyya. These topics in the related article are categorized under three main headings in separate titles. The comparison of Haly Abbas's treatment algorithm and recovery durations with today is summarized in tables.Conclusion: Many of the explanations and information about fractures, dislocations, and sprains in Kāmil al-Ṣināʿa al-Ṭibbiyya, written by Haly Abbas in the 10th century, were compatible with his predecessors, shed light on the scientists who grew up after him, and was found to be similar to the treatment methods used today with more advanced facilities.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Folkloric Use of Taflan (Laurocerasus officinalis Roemer) in Animals in
           Ordu-Giresun Region

    • Authors: Mehmet KARASU; Aşkın YAŞAR
      Abstract: Objective: Taflan is a plant that spreads naturally in the Ordu-Giresun region. In the study, it was aimed to reveal the folkloric data on the use and purpose of animal nutrition and to treat various diseases of taflan, and to shed light on the veterinary folklore and the field of veterinary sciences in general.Method: The material of the study consisted of the data obtained from 14 resource persons living in Ordu-Giresun region and determined to practice folkloric veterinary medicine using the taflan plant between 17 August 2017 and 04 September 2018. The source persons were coded by abbreviated as the letter “K” and these code numbers used in the representation of the resource persons were indicated as superscript at the end of each data in the findings section.Result: The information obtained through the information compilation form was analyzed under the headings of “nutrition practices in animals”, “animal diseases and treatments” and “beliefs”. In the study, it was determined that the use of taflan in the nutrition and treatment of diseases of animals was based on rational data.Conclusion: As a result, it can be said that folkloric practices related to the treatment of diseases seen in animals continue today, the use of taflan in the nutrition and treatment of animals is rational considering the scientific data, but the use of taflan in the field of veterinary medicine is an aspect that needs to be investigated.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • An Early Farewell: In The Memory of Meltem Nass Duce

    • Authors: F. Demir APAYDIN
      Abstract: Mersin University Faculty of Medicine Head of Radiology Department, former chief physician of Mersin University Hospital, Meltem Nass Duce, professor MD passed away on March 25, 2023. We lost a modern republican woman, a successful physician, an academician, a trainer who is hardworking, knowledgeable, skilled, determined, self-sacrificing, fair, conscientious. We respectfully commemorate.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • In Memory of Professor Elvan Çağlar Çıtak, MD

    • Authors: Semanur KUYUCU; Necdet KUYUCU
      Abstract: Elvan Çağlar Çıtak was born in 1969 in Ankara and finished his secondary school education in Ankara Science Lycee. His medical education was at Ankara University, Faculty of Medicine and graduated with a degree of medical doctor(MD) in 1993. Therafter, he completed his specialization in pediatrics at Gazi University, Faculty of Medicine, Dpt of Pediatrics. He chose Pediatric Oncology as a subspecialization area , got an education at the Pediatric Oncology Dpt of the same university from 2004 and graduated as a subspecialist in Pediatric Oncology at 2007. He took a degree of Associate Professor in Pediatric Oncology in 2009 and Professor in 2014. He started to work as a faculty member in the Department of Child Health and Diseases in Mersin University, Faculty of Medicine from 2010 until his decease in 2021. He had devoted himself to all pediatric patients and especially those with cancer and made a place in their hearts. As an oncologist, and a pediatrician, he was also rigorous and demanding in medical and resident education. He made great improvements in patient care and medical education about childhood cancers in our department. We want to express our deep condolences for his early death and gratefulness for all the contrıbutions that he accomplished during 11 years of affiliation in our department.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Essential Oil Composition of Tilia rubra subsp. caucasica (Rupr.) V.Engl.
           Inflorescences Growing in Rize

    • Authors: Elif DİLMAÇ; Betül DEMİRCİ, Gözde ÖZTÜRK, İlhan GÜRBÜZ
      Abstract: Aim: It is known that the essential oil obtained from the inflorescence of Tilia L. species is diuretic, sedative, muscle relaxant, diaphoretic, and effective against colds. In our study, it was planned to investigate the composition of the essential oil of the T. rubra subsp. caucasica (Rupr.) V.Engl. species, which is used as a folk medicine for similar reasons, and to examine the change in the content of the samples collected one year apart. Methods: Essential oil was obtained from the samples collected from Rize in 2020 and 2021 by hydrodistillation method, and the composition of the obtained essential oils were determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and gas chromatography-flame ionizing detector (GC-FID) methods. Results: As a result of, hexadecanoic acid was the main compound with 48.9% and 51.6% rates for the 2020 and 2021 samples, respectively, while nonacosane followed it with 26.3% and 11.3% rates. Kaur-16-ene, tetradecanoic acid, tricosane, pentacosane compounds were found in high amounts in the sample collected in 2020, while linoleic acid, kaur-16-ene, linolenic acid, pentacosane were the main compounds determined in the sample collected in 2021.Conclusion: In the study, it was determined that the rates of the compounds in the content of essential oils obtained from the samples collected one year apart were different. It comes to mind that the observed differences may be mainly related to the changing climatic conditions.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Rapid Evaluation Report of Temporary Mass Settlements Where Earthquake
           Victims Lived in Mersin After the Kahramanmaraş and Hatay Earthquakes

    • Authors: Gülçin YAPICI; Ö. Özkan ÖZDEMİR, Ahmet Burhan SÖKER, Burcu Ecem UĞUZ, Deniz ERDAL, Şahadet KURNAZ, Duygu ONBAŞI, Altuğ CİVAN, Yahya Kemal BOLAT, Caferi Tayyar ŞAŞMAZ
      Abstract: After the Kahramanmaraş and Hatay earthquakes in February 2023, demolitions took place in 11 provinces and some of the people living there migrated to other provinces. Mersin, as one of the provinces closest to the earthquake zone, has received significant immigration. Some of the earthquake survivors settled in temporary collective settlement areas provided by municipalities, public institutions, non-governmental organizations and the public in Mersin. In this study, a committee was formed under the coordination of Mersin Medical Chamber and Mersin Metropolitan Municipality Health Affairs Department, and it was aimed to make a rapid assessment of temporary collective settlement areas. Temporary settlements of earthquake victims in Yenişehir, Mezitli, Akdeniz, Anamur, Erdemli, Silifke, Tarsus, Bozyazı and Mut districts were visited between 24-27 February 2023 and evaluated with a standard form. 38.7% of the 93 temporary accommodation places visited are in the central districts and a total of 20,194 people live. 29.0% of the settlements are hotels and 26.9% are dormitories. In some residential areas, there are private toilets and bathrooms for the family, but there are also common areas. It has been determined that the number per person is insufficient in some settlements for common toilets and bathrooms, and there is no discrimination between men and women in terms of privacy. It was observed that morning and evening meals were provided in many residential areas, but there were problems with lunch and snacks. One third of the settlements did not have social areas for children and adults. Less than half had security guards. It was determined that health services were not provided in all settlements, and only polyclinic services were available in the places where service was provided. There were significant deficiencies in the delivery of primary health care services.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Investigation of the Relationship between Physiological Complaints,
           Quality of Life and Adjustment to Pregnancy: A University Hospital Example

    • Authors: Ayşe Nur YILMAZ; Özlem DOĞAN YÜKSEKOL, Nazlı BALTACI, Mihriban ULUCAN
      Abstract: Aim: This study seeks to identify the relationship between the effect of physiological complaints during pregnancy on quality of life and adjustment to pregnancy.Method: In this descriptive and cross-sectional study conducted in a university hospital of a province in Eastern Anatolia in March-June 2022, the sample consisted of 402 pregnant women who applied to the pregnant outpatient clinic of a university hospital and volunteered to participate in the study. The data was obtained through “Personal Information Form”, “Assessment Scale for Pregnancy Complaints and Their Impact on Life Quality (ASPCILQ)” and “Prenatal Self Evaluation Questionnaire (PSEQ)”. Descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation analysis were used in statistical evaluation.Results: The total mean score of the women on ASPCILQ was 133.21±30.15, while it was 214.02 ± 26.43’ on PSEQ. The mean ASPCILQ of the pregnant women was 134.21±28.93 in the third trimester, and the mean PSEQ was 222.18±20.23 in the first trimester. Statistically positive, very weak and significant correlation was found between ASPCILQ total mean score and PSEQ total mean score (r=0.109; p=0.028). Statistically positive and very weak significant correlation was found between ASPCILQ total mean score and PSEQ mean scores of “Acceptance of the maternal role“, “Acceptance of pregnancy”, “Preparation for labor” and “Thoughts about the well-being of self and baby” sub-dimensions.Conclusion: In the study, it was found that the quality of life and adaptation to pregnancy were low in pregnant women. In addition, it was determined that the quality of life of pregnant women decreased in the third trimester and the compliance with pregnancy was lower in the first trimester. It was found that as the quality of life of the pregnant women increased, their acceptance of pregnancy and motherhood role, preparation for labor, thoughts about the well-being of self and baby and adaptation to pregnancy increased.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Is St. John’s wort Safe for Cancer Patients '

    • Authors: Dilek DOĞAN; Prof. Dr. S. Mine YURTTAGÜL
      Abstract: International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), an affiliate of the World Health Organization (WHO), 15 December 2020 global cancer burden report “In 2020, approximately 19.3 million individuals worldwide were diagnosed with new cancer, and this number is estimated to be 28.4 million by 2040’’. Cancer significantly reduces the quality of life of patients, both with the disease itself and with the physical, mental and socioeconomic problems brought about by treatment methods (chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery, etc.). In recent years, in addition to traditional treatment methods, cancer patients have been turning to alternative treatment options based on reasons such as improving health, minimizing the risk of cancer recurrence, reducing the side effects of their treatments, strengthening the immune system, in short, improving their quality of life, and using them as oil, drug or tea by drying herbs. St. John's wort is one of the plants used externally or by consumption among cancer patients. Although such plants are considered to be natural and harmless, they contain biologically active compounds, even though they are used for consumption because they benefit the disease. It can also potentially interact with other drugs prescribed in cancer patients, including chemotherapy drugs, and conflict with treatment. In this review article, it is aimed to inform cancer patients and health professionals about the definition of St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) plant, its positive aspects, mechanisms where interactions can occur, possible side effects and whether it is safe.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Buyukada Hıstorical “Merkez Pharmacy” and Pharmacists

    • Authors: Burcu ÖZDEMİR
      Abstract: Aim: Although the historical texture of Büyükada Merkez Pharmacy has been partially deteriorated, it draws attention with its historical pharmacy building and functionality, which has been preserved until today. The aim of this study is to introduce the Büyükada Merkez Pharmacy, which is to scrutinize to today without deteriorating its historical texture, in the light of documents, photographs, oral history study and resources.Methods: The source of the study is the historical documents and photographs in the pharmacy that have not been published before. The current owner of the pharmacy, Ecz. A face-to-face interview was held with Avni Kurtuldu on May 10, 2018, and information about the history of the pharmacy was obtained. While talking about the story of the pharmacy with Avni Kurtuldu, his knowledge was used within the framework of general questions. Historical photographs exhibited in the pharmacy have been interpreted in chronological order. Historical photographs exhibited in the pharmacy have been interpreted in chronological order. While interpreting the photographs and documents, the literature was consulted to obtain information about the pharmacists who operated the pharmacy from time to time. The exterior of the pharmacy and the objects and documents inside were photographed by the author of the article, Burcu Özdemir.Results: It is stated that the Merkez Pharmacy in Büyükada is located opposite the destroyed church today and has been operating for approximately 153 years. It is a pharmacy that has survived to the present day by preserving its cultural existence by first being operated by Greek (Georges Papa Gabriel and Hayk Istepanian) and then Turkish pharmacists (Şinasi Rıza Birbil, Hüsnü Ocakcıoğlu et al.). Counting the objects and documents in the pharmacy made it difficult to make a complete inventory, which could be done with limited resources, since it was actively operated.Discussion: It is important for the history of pharmacy and health to preserve the historical texture of the Merkez Pharmacy and to continue to operate it by people who are conscious of preserving the cultural property, even if the owners of this place change in the following years. Since there is no known pharmacy that has been serving in the same place for about 153 years, the effort of pharmacist Avni Kurtuldu, who made efforts to make Büyükada Central Pharmacy a "Pharmaceutical Museum" in the following years should be taken into consideration. This pharmacy should is important by future generations who live with the awareness of history, cultural heritage and especially historical preservation.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • The Story of a Much Controversial Drug; Favipiravir

    • Authors: Adem DURMAZ; Duru MISTANOĞLU ÖZATAĞ
      Abstract: Purpose: Favipiravir was distributed free of charge by the Ministry of Health for treatment purposes during the Coronavirus disease (Covid-19) pandemic. This study was conducted to investigate the use of this drug by the patients and the factors affecting it.Method: Between January and March 2022 in Kütahya, two hundred and fifty-two patients randomly selected from the patients diagnosed with Covid-19 were reached by telephone. A questionnaire about demographic characteristics and favipiravir use was applied to the volunteers.Results: In our study, it was found that the participants were between the ages of 1-29, 73.6% of them were female and 44.6% of them were university graduates. The number of patients who did not use this drug was 72.3% (n=107). It was observed that the patients 63.6% (n=75) did not use favipiravir because they thought it would harm themselves the most. Favipiravir use was found to be at a higher rate in patients aged 46 years and older (p<0.001), primary school graduate patients with less education years (p=0.027), non-working patients (p=0.006) and patients with a recovery period of 8-14 days (p=0.003).Conclusion: During the Covid-19 Pandemic, favipiravir usage rates remained very low. One of the most important reasons for this is the distrust of this drug. Although the authorities have made statements about this issue, social media and other communication tools have negatively affected people. More effective information programs and prevention of information disinformation on social media are important in order to control and successfully manage such major pandemics.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Some Observations on Folk Medicine in Arabs

    • Authors: İbrahim ÜNALAN
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study is to identify the methods of folk medicine practised among the Arabs since the Jahiliyya period, to show the impact of diseases and treatments on social and cultural life, and to give examples of places (towns, shrines, etc.) considered to have healing properties among the Arabs.Method: This study was supported by Bayburt University Scientific Research Project Coordinatorship unit with the project code 2022/69002-02 under the name of "Folk Medicine in Arabs from Past to Present" on 25.03.2022. Some information on folk medicine was translated from Arabic into Turkish, and the methods of folk medicine among Arabs were classified as magical and rational (realistic) methods.Findings: The history of Arabic folk medicine dates back to the pre-Islamic period (Jahiliyya period). Since that time, magical and rational methods have been used in the treatment of diseases. Information about folk medicine can also be found in documents from the ancient Egyptian period. In addition, Arab travelers mentioned in their travelogues sanctuaries, healing waters, stones, etc., which were visited for healing purposes. The study searched the literature, data on the subject were obtained from various Turkish and Arabic sources.Conclusion: We found that various methods of folk medicine are used among Arabs today as in the past. Some of these methods have a protective and others a therapeutic character.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • A research on Mersin University Faculty of Medicine Lokman Hekim Journal
           of Medical History and Folkloric Medicine: From 2011 to present

    • Authors: Selda OKUYAZ; Tamer AKÇA
      Abstract: Mersin University Faculty of Medicine Lokman Hekim Journal of History of Medicine and Folkloric Medicine is published three times a year. It is a peer-reviewed journal scanned in the National Academic Network and Information Center (ULAKBİM) and international indexes. The aim of this study is to form an idea about the scientific contribution of the journal to the history of medicine and ethics by analyzing a total of 449 articles published in the journal between 2011-2023, excluding the special issues.Method. The archive section of the Mersin University Faculty of Medicine Lokman Hekim Journal of Medical History and Folkloric Medicine on the web page in Dergipark was examined between February 15-28, 2023.Results. Except for the special issues published between 2011-2023, 13 volumes and 37 issues were included in the study. According to the article titles and the information of the authors, the types of the articles, the subject areas of the articles and the areas of the authors were determined and tabulated. It has been studied on 449 articles.As a result, it is possible to say that the fact that the articles in Mersin University Faculty of Medicine Lokman Hekim Journal of Medical History and Folkloric Medicine are the most research articles in the analysis shows the interest in the research in the field and has gained importance in recent years in the letter to the editor.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Dr. Fahrettin Kerim Gokay’s Report From A Hundred Years Ago:
           Türkiye’de Felc-i Umumî Meselesi

    • Authors: Ebubekir ERASLAN; Müesser ÖZCAN
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was Dr. Fahreddin Kerim Gökay’s work titled “Pleasure of Paralysis in Turkey”, which was written by Fahreddin Kerim Gökay in 1927 is to evaluate in terms of the history of medicine.Method: The book, which was written in the Arabic alphabet, was translated into the Latin alphabet and evaluated. Current literature and archival documents were compared.Results: Neurosyphilis caused by syphilis is the main subject of this report, which includes six years of patient data between 1920 and 1925 of Toptaşı Bimarhanesi, one of the important and pioneering health institutions of its time. The subject has been reported with sixteen subtitles and twenty-two tables. Report; It has been prepared by referring to the international physician views of the time, accompanied by information such as the socio-demographic characteristics of the patients, their ethnic origin and laboratory results, the course of the disease and their prognosis. Conclusion: Contributing as a physician to neurology as a separate discipline in Turkey, Dr. Fahrettin Kerim Gökay published a report in which the statistical information on patients, which was among the first in Turkey during his lifetime, was discussed with systematic and scientific evidence.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Clinical Research Process in Türkiye: Evaluation of the Current

    • Authors: Esra CENGİZ YANARDAĞ; Yüksel PİŞKİN, Ayşe Tuğba ERTÜRK AVUNDUK
      Abstract: For new drugs, medical devices, and other treatment modalities to be of benefit to humans, their safety and efficacy must be demonstrated before they are widely used. For this purpose, clinical studies have been carried out with the participation of volunteers in order to obtain scientific information. A good working knowledge and command of current legislation are required in order to design clinical studies in accordance with ethical principles, to ensure the safety of the participating volunteers, to obtain approval from the relevant centers for the study to be conducted and to interpret and determine the validity of the results. There are many regulations and legislations for this purpose in our country, and researchers are expected to comply with these regulations and be trained in these fields. This evaluation aims to present the clinical research process in Türkiye with the current situation. Considering the population of our country, its geostrategic location and its potential in health services, the number of clinical studies that are not at the expected level will reach the expected level with the increase in well-equipped research centers, the presence of regulations with international norms on clinical research, the presence of registration centers in accordance with international standards, the increase in the number of trained researchers and qualified physicians.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Trotula, The First Female Physician of Europe: A Historiographical Debate

    • Authors: Özlem GÜL
      Abstract: Objective: Within the scope of this study, it is aimed to evaluate the existence of Trotula, who is claimed to be the first female physician in Europe, as a historical personality and her role in the adventure of European Education History.Methods: A literature review was conducted on the subject using various databases including PubMed/Medline, Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scopus, Library Genesis, Springer, Jstor Ebsco, ProQuest, and Social Sciences Index Retrospective between October 1, 2017, and May 01, 2021. Additionally, research was done in the libraries of London, Paris National Library, Oxford, and Glasgow universities. The studies on the works attributed to Trotula were evaluated, as well as the most prominent works on women's medicine from the XII. century, including the Liber de sinthomatibus mulierum, De curis mulierum, and De ornatu mulierum.Results: There is no clear information about whether a person named Trotula lived in Europe in the XII. century. However, in the light of available information, it is highly probable that a female healer named Trotula lived in Salerno. There are three works written in the fields of women's health and cosmetics entitled with Trotula Minor and Major, which are prepared by combining these works.Conclusion: Despite extensive research, no concrete evidence could be found to confirm the existence of a physician and writer named Trotula during the establishment of the first universities in Medieval Europe. Nevertheless, the books attributed to Trotula were widely circulated and served as an important source of knowledge in medieval European medicine.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Historical Perspective on Early Electrophysiology: Late Period After

    • Authors: Erhan KİZİLTAN; Nizamettin DALKILIÇ
      Abstract: In this study, where we investigate historical perspective on early electrophysiology, studies performed during late period of 1850-1900 after Galvani were evaluated. Despite hypothesis of “animal electricity” has been proven empirically, Galvani-Volta debate continued after Galvani's death, subjects such as discovery of voltaic pile, development of device for measurement of biological current (galvanometer) and fantastic reanimation efforts, have dominated the world of science and art for almost half a century more. It would not be wrong to say that basis of knowledge that we have today were developed with the precious studies of polymaths scientists of late post-galvanic period, during the evolution of concept of "animal electricity" to "electrophysiology".French scientists Bernard and Ranvier with their roles in defining functional relationship between electrophysiology and neuroanatomy, German scientists Müller, du Bois-Reymond, Helmholtz, Bernstein, Nernst, Herman with their achievements in measuring action current, measuring conduction velocity in peripheral nerve, introducing "membrane hypothesis" which suggests changes in membrane conductivity as cause of action potential, recording action potential and defining electrical model for membrane, had very important contributions in field of electrophysiology. By twentieth century, the United Kingdom and the USA would also take part in developing story of conduction in excitable cells, which began with Galvani's spark. In this new period, each detail of studies focusing on cell membrane dynamics, transmission of information in peripheral nerve, surface recording and interpreting electrical activity in brain and heart would reach to a level of knowledge that can be the subject of separate articles even books.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Determination of the Relationship Between Nurses’ Care Behavior and
           Moral Sensitivity Levels

    • Authors: Ezgi YILDIZ; Gülay YILDIRIM
      Abstract: Aim: This research aims to determine the relationship between nurses’ care behaviors and moral sensitivity levels.Methods: The sample of the study consists of nurses (N=445) who are working in the university and public hospital in Sivas and who agreed to participate in the study between June 1 and September 30, 2018. Personal Information Form, Caring Behaviors Inventory-24 (CBI-24) and Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire (MSQ) were used to collect research data. Data were evaluated by using frequency, mean, minimum and maximum values, standard deviation, Mann Whitney U test, and Kruskal-Wallis.Results: The mean total score of CBI-24 has been found to be 5.12±0.63. The overall total score of MSQ is 93.14±21.79. It has been found out that there is a reverse and weak level (r=-259; p=0.001) relationship between the total score averages of MSQ and CBI scale, and this relationship is statistically significant. As the MSQ score average decreases, the CBI score average increases. Accordingly, as moral sensitivity increases, care behaviors also increase.Conclusion: While the results of the research show that the nurses’ moral sensitivity is at moderate level and their care behaviors are at good level, the care behaviors of nurses with high moral sensitivity are also higher.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Access to Healthcare Services for Rare Diseases: A Qualitative Study on
           “Cystic Fibrosis”

    • Authors: Gürkan SERT; Filiz BULUT, Ela ERDEM ERALP, Bülent Taner KARADAĞ, İrem NARMAN, Erkan OKTAY, Ebru ÖZDEN, Can ILGIN
      Abstract: Objective: This research aims to determine the problems faced by individuals living with Cystic Fibrosis (CF) within the scope of their right to access to health.Materials and Methods: The population of the research is the parents of children living with CF in Turkey. The sample of the study is the parents of children living with CF, who are members of the Cystic Fibrosis Assistance and Solidarity Association. The research data were obtained by conducting in-depth interviews with 10 mothers or fathers between November 2018 and February 2019, using a semi-structured form developed by the researchers. The data were evaluated by thematic analysis method.Results: Results: 6 out of 10 interviewees are women. With the analysis of the data, five main themes were reached in the titles of access to diagnosis and medicine, being informed about the diagnosis, and access to emergency health and physical therapy services. It was determined that there were more positive developments in terms of the right to access diagnosis in the period after the screening test. It was observed that the patients were informed about the diagnosis, but this information was insufficient. Parents are concerned about the risk of infection in accessing emergency services and the limited knowledge of physicians about CF. In addition to the procedural difficulties involved in accessing drugs, there are problems with access to new drugs and reliance on generic drugs. It has been determined that parents expect support regarding access to physical therapy.Discussion and Conclusion: It is important to apply some measures in order to strengthen the right of children living with CF to access health services. Although it has become easier for individuals to be diagnosed with screening tests, more effective procedures should be established in directing families to relevant units. Reliable and accessible information should be prepared to inform families about the diagnosis. Solutions should be sought for individuals living with CF to benefit from emergency services with priority and away from the risk of infection. Procedures related to the supply of drugs should be carried out with the support of specialized centers and social security supports should be provided in pharmaceuticals. Parents should be supported in physical therapy practices.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Superwomen in Neuroscience

    • Authors: Merve Sevgi İNCE; Rabet GOZİL, Meltem BAHCELIOGLU
      Abstract: The emergence of women is seen as occurring very early when we examine the growth of neuroscience and related sciences globally. From the ancient Roman graves to the present, there are numerous examples of contributions made by women in the area of medicine. Female neuroscientists have faced several challenges, particularly gender inequality, like in every other scientific discipline. All these difficulties have been encountered by numerous female neuroscientists, many of whom have found great success. Some of the female neuroscientists who opened the door for us are Sofia Ionescu, Diana Beck, Aysima Altınok, Alexa Canady, M. Deborah Hyde, Augusta Dejerine Klumpke, Julia Barlow Platt, Laura Forster, Manuela Serra, and Mara Soledad Ruiz-Capillas. These superwomen are wives, mothers, and grandmothers, in addition to all their other achievements. As female neuroscientists, it is important for us to be aware of the inspiring tales of these women who have paved the way for us and inspired future generations to endure in the face of difficulties. For future generations, hearing the tales of the superwomen who propelled women to this position in neuroscience will serve as motivation and inspiration. We also think that raising awareness about this field will contribute to the recognition of female neuroscientists in the future.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Simplification of The History Section in The Book of Trahom Teşrihi
           Marazisi to Contemporary Turkish

    • Authors: Çağatay ÜSTÜN; Seçil ÖZÇİFTÇİ
      Abstract: Object: While sharing information about the disease in Dr. Necip Yaşar's (1905-1945) book "Trachoma Diagnosis" written about trachoma, a brief history section about the pathology of trachoma is given place to. In this study considering that the general language of the book was written in the Turkish of that period, it is aimed to simplify this section to today's Turkish in order to understand the subjects mentioned in the "History" section.Methods: In this study Dr. Necip Yaşar's work "Trahom Teşrih-i Marazi" has been studied. The research was carried out between December 2022 and February 2023. The analyzes were completed as a translation of the "History" section into today's Turkish.Result: In this book which was written by Dr. Necip Yaşar, it was seen that besides the information about trachoma, the history of the disease was also included. In reference work consists of 44 pages, which was published in 1938. “Tarihçe” section I. The period until the discovery of the microscope; II. The period from the discovery of the microscope to the beginning of the twentieth century; III. The period after the beginning of the twentieth century; have been taken as. Conclusion: With the simplification of the history section of the book, it was concluded that the readability and intelligibility of the text was increased by preserving its content and meaning. Thus, it is argued that it will be possible to benefit from the knowledge and views of that time.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Bibliometric Analysis of Studies on the Energy Metabolism Enzyme
           Isocitrate Dehydrogenase

    • Authors: Cem YALAZA
      Abstract: Objective: Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) is an important enzyme involved in the Krebs cycle and cellular energy metabolism. It is stated to be a prognostic, diagnostic, and therapeutic target in many cancer types. This makes the IDH enzyme a popular subject of scientific research. This current study aimed to examine the IDH molecule in the WoS database using bibliometric indicators, evaluate the studies conducted in Turkey, and determine the place of traditional medicine in IDH studies.Materials and Methods: "IDH", "Isocitrate dehydrogenase", and “traditional medicine” keywords were used for search in the WoS database. This search was performed in the abstract, title, and keywords. The "Article" option was used to access the data of original research articles published between 1980-2022.Results: A total of 9.103 research articles were reached by the end of 2022 among 11.982 publications. It has been determined that there has been an increase in the number of studies in recent years, the highest number of articles were published in 2021 (n=995), the most used language was English with 98,363%, the most productive country was the USA with 2.696 studies, and Turkey ranked 23rd with 97 studies. It has been determined that 16 research articles about traditional medicine have been published.Conclusion: IDH is a current research topic. However, studies on traditional medicine about IDH are very few. More research should be done and more articles should be published for the studies from Turkey to take place in the international rankings on this current topic.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Content Analysis of YouTubetm Videos On Ceramic Inlays And Onlays

    • Authors: Nazlı AYDIN; Elif Figen KOÇAK
      Abstract: Objective: This study aims to evaluate the usefulness and content of the information by examining YouTubeTM videos containing information about ceramic inlays and onlays.Materials and Method: The study was conducted between August 3 and August 5, 2021. Four keywords (inlay, onlay, porcelain filling, ceramic filling) determined using Google Trends were searched on YouTubeTM. A total of 120 videos were reviewed by a prosthodontist. 36 videos that met the study criteria were classified according to the uploader, their information content was evaluated, and their usefulness scores were determined out of 30 points. The usefulness scores, interaction, and viewing rates of the videos were analyzed. The obtained data were analyzed statistically using Shapiro Wilks, Mann Whitney U and Kruskal Wallis tests (p<0.05).Results: When the distributions are evaluated according to the uploaders, it is seen that 30.6 % (n=11) of the videos were made by non-specialist dentists, 11.1 % (n=4) by dental clinic, 11.1% (n=4) by doctor promotion site, 22.2 % (n=8) by polyclinic, 8.3 % (n=3) by a prosthodontist, 11.1 % (n=4) by a TV channel and 5.6 % (n=2) by a specialist. The distribution of the videos according to the usefulness scores was determined as 66.7 % (n=24) less useful and 33.3 % (n=12) moderately useful. There was no statistically significant difference between the viewing and interaction rates of the videos according to the uploader (p<0.05).Conclusion: YouTubeTM does not seem to be an adequate source for useful information about ceramic inlay-onlay treatment. It is thought that patients have difficulty finding useful videos.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Attitudes of Senior Nursing Students Towards Ethical Issues for Palliative

    • Authors: Neriman ELİBOL; Aslıhan AKPINAR
      Abstract: Objective: This study aimed to evaluate decisions of senior undergraduate nursing students on palliative care cases.Methods: The study was conducted with Kocaeli University Faculty of Health Sciences Nursing Department senior students in February 2018. The sample group consisted of 101 students who filled out the forms completely. Data were collected via the ‘Death Attitude Profile’, and ‘Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire’ and a questionnaire including open-ended “what would you do if you were the nurse” questions about five imaginary cases on ethical issues in palliative care. The thematic text analysis method was used to analyze the open‐ended questions.Results: Of the students participating in the study, 77 (76.2%) were female and 24 (23.8%) were male. A majority reported the necessity of respecting refusal of treatment (89.0%), do not resuscitate if it is futile (76.6%), protecting the patient from futile interventions (74.2%), pain management for patients in pain (71.4%), and telling the patient the truth (59.4%). However, 40.6% in truth telling case, 32.7% in the DNR case, 28.6% in pain management case, 20.6% in futile intervention case and 10.9% in refusal of treatment case reported that they would not do anything.Conclusion: Most of the nursing students’ attitudes towards cases were ethically appropriate. However, it is worrying that in some cases close to half of students would not take action. Thus, we suggest that in nursing education ethical issues regarding palliative care should be presented in a way that nurses would have the courage to take appropriate actions.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • The Effect of Yoga on Chronic Low Back Pain

    • Authors: Gülşah YAŞA ÖZTÜRK; İbrahim BAŞHAN
      Abstract: Object: To evaluate the effect of yoga on pain, low back disability and quality of life in individuals with chronic low back pain.Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, before and after yoga the Visual Analogue Scale scoring for pain, Quebec Low Back Pain Disability Index for low back disability level, and the Short Form SF-36 for assessing quality of life were applied to individuals diagnosed with chronic low back pain.Results: While a statistically significant decrease was observed in the Visual Analogue Scale and Quebec Low Back Pain Disability Index values after yoga, a statistically significant increase was found in the Short Form SF-36 total values. A statistically significant increase was also found in all subgroups of SF-36. Conclusion: In this study, it is important to show that yoga can reduce pain and low back disability with chronic low back pain and increase the quality of life of individuals. It is thought to achieve these effects by reducing muscle tension and stress and contributing to spinal posture. In this respect, yoga alone or in patients with chronic low back pain despite medical treatment and physical therapy can be considered as an additional treatment option.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 May 2023 00:00:00 +030
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