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Mersin Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Lokman Hekim Tıp Tarihi ve Folklorik Tıp Dergisi
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1309-761X - ISSN (Online) 1309-8004
Published by Mersin Universitesi Homepage  [5 journals]
  • On phlebotomy in ʿAlī b. alʿAbbās al-Majūsī’s work Kāmil
           al-Ṣināʿa al-Ṭibbiyya (The Royal Book)-1: On knowing how to draw

    • Authors: Özgür KUŞ; Ahmet ACIDUMAN
      Abstract: Aim: This study aims to translate the chapter on the phlebotomy in the work of Hally Abbas called Kāmil al-Sināʿa al-Ṭıbbiyya from Arabic to Turkish, to contribute to the Turkish medical history literature, and to compare this chapter with the relevant chapter in the Paulus Aegineta’s Epitome, so to try to determine its place in the history of medicine in the light of the literature.Material and Method: In this study, mainly the Arabic copy of Kāmil al-Sināʿa al-Ṭıbbiyyas printed in Cairo/Bulak Printing House in 1294 H./1877 M., Istanbul University copy, Yale University/USA copy and Süleymaniye Murad Molla copy were examined. The differences between the texts were shown with endnotes and translated from Arabic to Turkish by the authors, and presented in the results section. This translated chapter was then compared with the relevant section in the work of Paulus Aegineta’s Epitome and discussed in light of the literature. Results: The information about phlebotomy is in the second chapter titled “On knowing how to draw blood” of the ninth article of the second volume of Kāmil al-Sināʿa al-Ṭıbbiyya. In addition, this subject is included in “Sect. 40: On venesection” of the sixth book of the second volume of Paulus Aegineta’s Epitome. Conclusion: The information given by Haly Abbas on phlebotomy is partially similar to the information given by Paulus Aegineta, however, it is more detailed and more comprehensive. Keywords: Haly Abbas, Kamil al-Sinaa al-Tibbiya (The Perfect Book of the Art of Medicine), Paulus Aegineta, Epitome (The Seven Books of Paulus Aegineta), Phlebotomy
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Journey from İçel 70. Yıl Health Vocational High School to Mersin
           University Faculty of Nursing

    • Authors: Meryem Türkan IŞIK; Rana CAN ÖZDEMİR
      Abstract: Purpose: Nursing is one of the oldest and most important professional groups that has been going on since the early ages. In our country, the need for nurses in the health system has been met for many years with different training programs and periods. To reveal the transition journey of İçel 70. Yıl Health Vocational High School, which is the first educational institution opened in Mersin to train manpower in the field of health, to Mersin University Nursing Faculty, through archive scanning and resource person interviews. In addition, it will be an important subject in terms of history and will contribute to the medical history literature.Methods: The study data were collected between 05.10.2021-19.02.2022 by scanning archives and in-depth interviews with the source persons.Findings: İçel 70. Yıl Health Vocational High School was opened in 1985 in Mersin province, and with the decision of the Higher Health Council No. 185/1 (May 1995), the closure of health vocational high schools in 1995, nursing education continued within the body of İçel Health High School in November-1996. As of August 17, 2017, it continues to exist as Mersin University Faculty of Nursing. Mersin University Faculty of Nursing continues its undergraduate and graduate education in order to train professional members for the profession of nursing within the framework of legal regulations.Conclusion: The health professions education process, which started with İçel 70. Yıl Health Vocational High School, which was first opened to provide health education in Mersin city center, continues as Mersin University Nursing Faculty after the legal regulations made in nursing education in our country. It contributes to meeting the health professional needs of our country by educating nursing students.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The First in Turkey to Specialize in the Field of Clinical Practice in
           Nursing: Nazmiye Kocaman Yıldırım

    • Authors: Hülya KOÇYİĞİT; Gülay YILDIRIM
      Abstract: Introduction: Specialization is of great importance in nursing, which is one of the basic professions of the health field with a scientific discipline. Despite the fact that postgraduate nursing education has continued for more than fifty years in our country and specialist nursing is defined in the nursing legislation published more than ten years ago, nurses cannot work in the field they specialize in and there is still no specialist nursing staff in the institutions.Method: In this article, it is planned to discuss the professional-academic process, experiences and difficulties of Nazmiye K. Yıldırım, who stayed in the clinic and worked in a specialized field in nursing for 22 years, in order to present a written document to history.Findings: In line with the data obtained, nurses who graduated from the nursing doctorate program can directly serve our people and be a role model for student nurses in practice, but they have to switch to educational institutions that train nurses. K. Yıldırım, who completed his postgraduate education in the field of nursing and was approved by the Higher Education Council for the first time in our country, became a role model for the members of the profession with his efforts to specialize in the field of practice.Conclusion: This study is important in terms of creating a document by considering the first information about the effort to stay in the clinic and achieve academic advancement.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Argan Oil and Evaluation of Its Biological Activities

    • Authors: Nurdan YAZICI BEKTAŞ; Çağlayan GÜRER
      Abstract: Argania spinosa is a member of the Sapotaceae family and is an endemic tree that grows in approximately 800,000 hectares in Southwest Morocco. It is registered that the argan oil obtained from the seeds of the plant is used by the people of the region in dermatological disorders and to lighten skin color. Because of its high content of oleic acid, linoleic acid, and polyphenols has become noticeable among other fixed oil sources. Recently, it has become exceptionally preferred in the cosmetic industry and has found its place in various formulations in pure or enriched forms. Apart from dermo-cosmetic use, there are many studies on the plant's chemical contents and biological activities, primarily argan oil. In this study, biological activity and dermatological effect studies of argan oil obtained from SciFinder, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect databases were listed and evaluated in terms of cosmetic use. As a result of the evaluations, it was determined that the ethnobotanical uses of argan oil, the preparations and formulations prepared for dermocosmetic use and the compiled biological activity studies showed parallelism. In the study, case reports that argan oils used for cosmetic purposes can cause allergic reactions are also included and the need for more side/toxic effect profile studies on argan oil has been revealed.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Determination of Nutrition Exercise Behaviors of Adolescents and Young
           Adults in the COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Çiğdem SARI; Çiğdem CEYLAN
      Abstract: Objective: This study was conducted to determine the nutrition exercise behaviors of adolescents and young adults during the COVID-19 pandemic.Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using an online questionnaire between 30 December 2020 and 30 January 2021. In the study, 1173 subjects aged 13-24 years participated. Data were collected by a descriptive features form, which consists of two modules evaluating sociodemographic characteristics and nutritional exercise behavior, and Nutrition Exercise Behavior Scale.Results: Of the participants, 34.5% were adolescents and 65.5% were young adults. In addition to gaining more weight in women aged 19-25, it was reported that there was an increase in the number of harmful snacks and fast food consumed daily. Most of the participants stated that they did less than 30 minutes of physical activity. Height, weight, and BMI mean score of participants during the COVID-19 increased when compared with the mean score obtained before the pandemic (Z=−14.20; Z=−14.43; Z=−12.00, p <0.05). The mean total Nutrition-Exercise Behavior Scale score was 146.46±20.25 (Min:79, Max:205). It was determined that Body Mass Index, leisure screen time, and screen time during the pandemic were associated with Nutrition-Exercise Behavior Scale (p < 0.001).Conclusion: The study highlights that confinement may affect nutrition-exercise behaviors of both adolescents and young adults.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Effectiveness of Aromatherapy in the Management of Pain,
           Nausea-Vomiting, Abdominal Tension and Anxiety after Caesarean: Systematic
           Review and Meta-analysis

    • Authors: Zekiye KARAÇAM; Ezgi ARSLAN, Halise ÇİNAR
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the effectiveness of aromatherapy application in the management of pain, nausea-vomiting, abdominal tension and anxiety after caesarean section. Methods: This is systematic review and meta-analysis, and searches were performed between March and April 2021. The data were synthesized by meta-analysis.Results: Fifteen studies included in the study, 14 of which were randomized placebo-controlled experimental and one quasi-experimental and published in 2011-2021. The total sample size of the studies was 1430 (aromatherapy: 762 and placebo: 668). The combined results of eight studies showed that the pain intensity in the aromatherapy group was statistically significantly lower than in the control group (MD: -1.61, Z= 5.15, p< 0.0001). The combined results of the three studies shown that the mean anxiety score of the aromatherapy group has been to be less than the control group (MD: -9.68, Z= 3.52, p= 0.0004), and four studies reported that the probability of nausea and vomiting was less than the control group (OR: 0.29, Z= 3.17, p= 0.002). Again, the results of the two studies showed that while the aromatherapy group was similar to the control group in terms of the possibility of moderate and severe abdominal tension (OR: 0.39, Z=1.04, p=0.30), tension-related pain was less common in the aromatherapy group (OR: 0.16, Z=. 3.18, p= 0.001).Conclusion: This study showed that aromatherapies with some herbs are effective in reducing postoperative pain, anxiety, nausea-vomiting and pain due to abdominal tension after caesarean section.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • A Leading Name in Turkish Dentistry for 57 Years and Pictures, Book Covers
           of His Archive

    • Authors: Seçil ÖZÇİFTÇİ; Çağatay ÜSTÜN
      Abstract: In his 57 years of academic life in the history of Turkish dentistry, Prof. Dr. Suat Ismail Gurkan who worked on many subjects and wrote many scientific works has a different position. It is possible to come across articles written in different periodicals about the life story of this character, who played an active role in the academic development processes of dentistry in our country and contributed to its current status. However, this time we have prepared a scientific article that provides a wider knowledge of Suat Ismail Gurkan and includes new materials with historical value. In 2018, his son, who is still alive, dentist Assoc. Dr. Yalçın Ismail Gurkan shared a copy of the documents, based on his father permission, containing new information about his father with the department of archives of Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of History of Medicine and Ethics. It has emerged that this information, which includes new sources, must be published in the scientific literature for the benefit of readers and researchers. The need to introduce the old generation to the new one and transfer it correctly, which is one of the main purposes of the history of medicine and dentistry, requires it to be presented and recorded in a way that sets an example to the scientists of the future. Because of his being brother of Distinguished Professor Kâzım Ismail Gurkan recognized as a physician in the field of general surgery in our country and his title as dean of the first faculty of dentistry established in our country in 1964, Prof. Dr. Suat Ismail Gurkan's efforts and achievements in the field of dentistry should not be considered to be impossible. Not only as a dentist, but also as a composer and a collector of historical materials and books related to his field, Prof. Dr. Suat Ismail Gurkan is a exceptional scientist in our country with his versatility. In this article, it is aimed to publish his life story and his rare pictures and book covers.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Effect of Education Given to Pregnant Women on Constipation-related
           Quality of Life and Severity of Constipation

    • Authors: Özlem DOĞAN YÜKSEKOL; Nazlı BALTACI
      Abstract: Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of education provided to pregnant women with complaints of constipation on their constipation-related quality of life and constipation severity.Methods: This randomized controlled experimental study consisted of an intervention group (n:32) and a control group (n:32). The data were collected by using a Personal Information Form, the Constipation Severity Instrument and the Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life Questionnaire. In data analysis, frequency and percentage calculations, chi-squared, Student’s t-test or Mann-Whitney U test and Person’s correlation analysis were used.Results: After the education, the pregnant women in the intervention group had a lower mean total PAC-QOL score (49.42±4.19) and a lower mean total CSI score (19.40±2.62) than those in the control group (respectively, 74.00±5.47; 39.45±3.21) (p<0.001). Accordingly, the pregnant women who received constipation education had fewer constipation symptoms and higher levels of constipation-related quality of life. It was determined among all participants that, as the severity of constipation symptoms decreased, their quality of life increased (p<0.01).Conclusions: As a result of the education provided to the pregnant women experiencing complaints of constipation, the pregnant women’s constipation-related complaints significantly decreased, and their constipation-related quality of life increased. Nurses are recommended to provide pregnant women experiencing constipation with constipation-related evidence-based care and education.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Historical Perspective on Early Electrophysiology: Galvanism After Galvani

    • Authors: Erhan KİZİLTAN; Nizamettin DALKILIÇ
      Abstract: This study reviews the electrophysiological developments right after Galvani form the historical perspective. Volta, repeating the Galvani's experiments, would lead the invention of battery. The first battery consisted of two different metals placed on top of each other, with layers of cardboard soaked in salty water in between, mimicking the natural electric organ that Galvani described earlier. After the death of Galvani, his nephew, physicist Giovanni Aldini, has brought different dimension of discussion to Galvani’s "animal electricity" theory with his provocative "reanimation" experiments. He used voltaic pile in his demonstrations of “galvanism”. Aldini’s efforts triggered so many medical applications under "galvanic therapy". Thanks to Faraday's proposal of the concept of "magnetic induction" and his invention of "magnetic coil", Duchenne worked with both galvanic and alternating currents for the treatment of certain neuropathic diseases, thus preventing the fantastic misuse of electric current on patients. Galvani's theory and the experiments, specifically Aldini’s demonstrations had also been the source of inspiration for many works of science fiction, such as Mary Shelley's novel "Frankenstein".After Galvani, Carlo Matteucci would make the most important invention regarding the animal electricity. Matteucci showed a special structure in the torpedo's brain stem, called as "electric lobe" which controls the activity of electric organ. Later, Matteucci would introduce the concept of "biological pile" and make suggestion of phenomenon "electric discharge" and "action current". The history of science honored Volta by using his name as the unit of electromotive force and Galvani by using the terms “galvanism”, “galvanic current” “galvanometer”.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Complementary Therapy Used by Nurses in Preoperative Anxiety Control

    • Authors: Gülşah OKUT; Canan KANAT, Gülay ALTUN UĞRAŞ
      Abstract: Introduction: Complementary therapy increase quality of nursing care by reducing or preventing undesirable situations that occur due to high anxiety experienced by patients in the preoperative period. This review was made to examine the complementary therapy used by nurses to control anxiety experienced by patients in preoperative period.Methods: This systematic review was carried out by scanning Turkish, English indexes between April 15, 2020, and October 30, 2021. The review was accessed Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, Cochrane, Pubmed, Ovid, Scopus, Wiley Online Library, ULAKBİM, ClinicalKely databases "preoperative anxiety, complementary therapy, massage, aromatherapy, acupressure, Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) and nurse". Randomized controlled studies between 2010-2021 were included as a result of the searches made with keywords.Results: A total of 16 studies using complementary therapies, including six aromatherapy, two acupressure, one massage, one EFT, and six music therapy, were determined to control anxiety experienced by the patients in preoperative period. All of the complementary therapies in the studies were applied by the nurses. It was determined that the complementary therapies used in 15 of the studies significantly reduced the anxiety experienced by the patients in the preoperative period, but it was not found to be significant in only one study.Conclusion: This systematic review showed that complementary therapies used by nurses were effective in controlling the anxiety experienced by patients in preoperative period and nurses used these therapies. However, it also revealed that there is need for new studies with a high level of evidence for complementary therapies such as acupressure, massage and EFT, which have been shown in limited studies to be beneficial in anxiety control.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • A preliminary study on Al-Mūjaz fī al-Ṭibb and Anmūzaj al-Ṭibb: Is
           there only a name similarity between the two works'

    • Authors: Ahmet ACIDUMAN
      Abstract: Object: Al-Mūjaz fī al-Ṭibb is one of the most important works of Ibn al-Nafīs, who was one of the writers who lived and presented works in the Islamic geography in the 13th century. This work, which is accepted as a summary of Avicenna’s al-Qānūn fī al-Ṭibb by some authors, has been copied and reproduced in large numbers, as well as commented by different authors. This work, which has many copies in Turkish libraries, has been translated into Turkish twice. The most important work of the famous physician Emir Çelebi, who was chief physician in the Ottoman Empire in the 17th century, is Anmūzaj al-Ṭibb, and there are many copies of this work in Turkish libraries. The aim of this study is to compare the sections of both works on breast diseases and pregnancy, and to perform a preliminary study to show whether al-Mūjaz fī al-Ṭibb was a source for Anmūzaj al-Ṭibb, and if so, at what level.Materials and Methods: In the study, a printed copy of al-Mūjaz fī al-Ṭibb in Arabic and a copy of the Turkish translation of this work by Surūrī registered in Ankara National Library, A 1437 and a copy of Anmūzaj al-Ṭibb registered in İstanbul Süleymaniye Manuscript Library, Mihrişah Sultan Collection, Nr. 342 were used. The sections of the mentioned works on breast diseases and pregnancy were compared. In addition, the studies on these works mentioned in the Turkish medical history literature were also reviewed.Results: Comparisons made in the context of the aforementioned chapters show that Emir Çelebi’s Anmūzaj al-Ṭibb includes translations of the chapters in Ibn al-Nafīs’ al-Mūjaz fī al-Ṭibb. In some parts, it is seen that Emir Çelebi made some short additions to the parts Ibn al-Nafīs’ al-Mūjaz fī al-Ṭibb.Conclusion: In the context of the examined sections, it is noticed that Emir Çelebi based his Anmūzaj al-Tibb on the writing order of Ibn al-Nafīs’ al-Mūjaz fī al-Ṭibb, as well as he translated the relevant parts of the aforementioned work into Turkish and added it to his work with one-to-one quotations.Keywords: Ibn al-Nafīs, Emir Çelebi, al-Mūjaz fī al-Ṭibb, Anmūzaj al-Ṭibb, Breast diseases, Pregnancy, History of medicine 
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • "Bakir Basmasi" Disease and Its Treatment in the Scope of Folk Medicine in
           Yozgat Province: The Practice of a Female Healer

    • Authors: Ramazan GÜNEŞER; Nurdan KIRIMLIOĞLU
      Abstract: Objective: The healing practices that people used to get rid of diseases in ancient times have been passed down through generations and have reached the present day. Although their use has decreased with the developments in modern medicine, there are still such practices in Anatolia. In this context, in our study, the method of a female healer who applied the treatment of urticaria (bakir basmasi, dabaz) within the scope of folk medicine in Yozgat province was examined, and it was aimed to reveal the characteristics of the application used for treatment in the context of folk medicine.Method: The data were collected by using in-depth interview technique, one of the qualitative research methods, with a female healer from "bakir basmasi" hearth on 21.01.2021. 19 questions were asked to the healer regarding from whom she inherited the skill about the application, how the "bakir basmasi" treatment is applied, whether there is a special term used in the treatment, prayer, stereotypes, etc. the interview which took approximately 40 minutes was recorded with her permission. The healer's home was visited on 02.02.2021, and the photographs of the objects used in the treatment were taken with her permission. Results: A 70-year-old female healer residing in Yozgat has been using the "bakir basmasi" practice, which she learned from her father through the hand-giving method, for many years. The healer uses elements such as fire, earth, copper, red (scarlet) color, which are common in Anatolian folk medicine, during the treatment. It is seen that rational, religious, and magic practices are intertwined in the treatment method. Conclusion: In order to speed up the treatment and increase the chance of success, the practice of following certain rules and the belief that the result will be good affect the treatment positively. Examining and recording such folk medicine practices, which still exist, is of great importance both in terms of medical history and in terms of revealing the relationship between folk medicine and modern medicine.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Herbal Drugs Used Against Common Cold

    • Authors: Neşe BÜYÜKKÖK; Buket GÜNGÖR, Ayşe Asena GENÇ
      Abstract: Common Colds are the most common diseases worldwide. Although it is a viral disease with a mild course, it is an economic burden. In this literature review, drugs used in colds were compiled from review current scientific sources. The main herbal drugs used in this field are: Pimpirella anisum L, Hederae helix L, Filipendulae ulmariae L Maxim, Primulae veris L, Primulae elatior (L), Eucalyptus globulus Labill, Matricariae recutita L, Marrubium vulgare L, Menthae x piperitae L, Tiliae cordata Miller ve Pelargonii sidoides DC. In this review, general information about the drug used in colds, phytochemistry, conditions to be considered and plants in the medical plant monographs approved by the European Medicines Agency(EMA) and published by the Ministry of Health are given. With the increase in the resistance of microorganisms against antibiotics, recently, there has been an increasing interest in extracts and bioactive compounds. In this context, complementary and methods come to the fore in R&D studies. First of all, these products served to the public in localities other than pharmacies; their standardization should be ensured by specifying the indication, various side effects, and contraindications. After the standardization of these medicinal products, they should be used under the control of doctors and pharmacists. After the standardization of the medicinal products should be used phytotherapy under the control of physicians and pharmacists.by doctor and pharmacists supervision, resulting in effective and safe treatments.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Evaluation of Academic Ethical Values and Critical Thinking Levels of
           Nursing Academicians

    • Authors: Betül Sena YALÇINKAYA; Gülay YILDIRIM
      Abstract: Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate academic ethical values and critical thinking levels of nursing academicians.Method: 120 academicians participated in research from the Provinces of the Regional Development Administration of the Eastern Black Sea Project (DOKAP). Data were collected from Personal Information Form, Academic Ethical Value Scale, Critical Thinking Attitude Scale. Data were analysed by independent sample t test for two independent groups, paired sample t test for two dependent groups and ANOVA test (F) for more than two groups. Skewness and kurtosis value were taken into consideration in testing the normality assumption. Pearson correlation analysis was performed. Results: It was found that 72,5% have international articles, 91,7% have academic ethics and 84,2% have information which is enough about critical thinking according to their statement. The average about perception of ethical values of the participants was 174,53±6,73 (max:250; Min:50) and the average about critical thinking attitude was 36,62±5,13 (Max:95; Min:19). A correlation was found between the participants in perception of academic ethical values and their attitude about critical thinking (p=0,000; r=0,793), pretty positively. Conclusion: The more individuals' critical thinking attitudes is increased, the more their academic ethical perception is increased. While academic ethical values of nursing academics were slightly above average, critical thinking attitudes were below average. Awareness training can be provided to raise ethical and critical thinking perception of nursing academicians.Keywords: Academic Ethics, Critical Thinking, Academician of Nursing Department
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Nostalgic Trend in Health Domain: Secularism and Alternative Medicine
           Interventions as an Oxymoron

    • Authors: Hüseyin DEMİR; Pınar YALÇIN BALÇIK
      Abstract: Health has always been at the center of human life in its history. People had gone to the religious and dogma-oriented priests or priests-physicians in order to improve their deteriorated health conditions in the primitive era. Physicians had evaluated patients according to common beliefs and mobilized diagnosis and treatment processes. The impact of beliefs and dogmas on the provision of healthcare in the modern era has been significantly reduced. In addition to the developments in medical knowledge and practice, technological developments have revealed the necessity of presenting healthcare in the light of scientific knowledge and experiences. Diseases have become complex with the modern era which demonstrates the deficiency of primitive methods in the treatment of the diseases. For the sake of different fields of expertise and health technology, secularization has gained strength in health. In recent years, evidence-based medicine, disease-based management, and similar concepts illustrate the experience of secularization in health. However, the number of people applying to complementary and alternative medicine interventions has increased dramatically in recent years. Moreover, they are seeking alternative ways to satisfy the needs they cannot get through modern medicine. Considering this aspect, it can be mentioned that there is a nostalgic tendency which can be expressed as health reversal. This can be understood as an oxymoron where secularity and alternative medicine interventions are at different poles. The oxymoron that created by nostalgic tendency in health has been discussed in the context of the debates of secularity and widespread using of alternative medicine interventions.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Determination of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Practices Used by
           Students of the Faculty of Health Sciences to Cope With Dysmenorrhea

      Abstract: Purpose: To determine the traditional and complementary medicine practices used by the students of the Faculty of Health Sciences to cope with dysmenorrhea.Method: The research is descriptive and was conducted with female students studying at the health sciences faculty of a foundation university in Ankara. The sample of the study consisted of 206 female students who volunteered to participate in the study and filled out the forms completely. In the collection of datas, a form created by the researchers using the literature, identifying the socio-demographic and menstrual characteristics of the participants, the state of experiencing dysmenorrhea, their characteristics and traditional and complementary medicine practices used in coping was used. Research datas were collected between 27 May and 5 August. The datas obtained from the research were evaluated with the IBM SPSS 27 program. In the analysis of the datas obtained from the research; Descriptive statistics such as number, percentage, mean±standard deviation, minimum and maximum values were used.Results: The prevalence of dysmenorrhea was found to be 90.3%. It was found that 39.8% of these students experienced severe dysmenorrhea. As students' traditional and complementary medicine applications for dysmenorrhea, respectively; It was determined that they used hot application, herbal tea, taking a shower, massage, exercise, listening to music, acupressure, chiropractic spinal manipulation therapy, reflexology, and vitamin-mineral intake methods.Conclusion: It was determined that most of the students experienced dysmenorrhea. It was determined that the students used different traditional and complementary medicine practices to cope with dysmenorrhea.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Evaluation of Superstitious Beliefs of Pregnant Women Applying to a State

    • Authors: Ayşen ÇELİK GÖKKAYA; Hava ÖZKAN
      Abstract: Objective: This study was carried out as a descriptive study in order to evaluate the superstitious beliefs of pregnant women.Material and Method: The study was carried out in Manavgat State Hospital NST unit-Obstetrics and Gynecology Department between May 2018-January 2019 with 350 pregnant women who came for NST unit and outpatient clinics for antenatal care. The data were collected by using the personal information form, and superstition beliefs scale. Percentage of distributions, mean, t test and One Way Anova analysis were used for evaluating the data.Results: Findings The mean total score of the pregnant women from superstition beliefs scale was 35.64 ± 11.23. The difference between the age, employment status, family type, economic status, number of pregnancies and superstition beliefs scale mean scores of pregnant women were not found to be statistically significant (p>0.05). In the study, it was determined that the difference between the educational status and the place of pregnant and the mean scores of pregnant women from superstition beliefs scale was statistically significant (p <0.05). Conclusion: It was determined that the superstitious beliefs of the pregnant women were at medium level according to the mean total score obtained from superstition beliefs scale. It was found that age, working status, type of family, economic status and number of pregnancies did not affect the mean score of the pregnant women, but it affected the mean score of education and place of life.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Examining the Problems Encountered by the Workers with Disabilities in the
           Education Sector regarding Occupational Health and Safety

    • Authors: Hasine İnci ATEŞ; Meliha KIRKINCIOĞLU, Ahmet TEKE
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of the research is to determine the occupational health and safety problems of disable workers in the education sector.Materials and Methods: The survey was conducted with disable employees employed in educational institutions affiliated to the Istanbul Provincial Directorate of National Education by the ‘’Convenience Sampling Method’’ method and validity has accepted 432 data were transferred to the SPSS 21 program. After performing frequency and reliability analyses, descriptive statistics were examined to determine the occupational health and safety problems of disable employees.Results: According to this research, the rate of visually impaired participants is high. As an Average, half of the participants, most of whom work in general administrative and auxiliary services, mostly have a disability rate of 80% or higher this percentage. However, it was determined that the overall reliability value of the questionnaire was high. Regarding the problems related to occupational health and safety, questions such as trainings, risk assessments, emergencies and physical working conditions and it has been determined that the answers given to these questions are affected negatively on average value.Conclusion: As a result of the research, the inadequacy of transportation and accessibility problems, occupational health and safety training, risk analysis, emergency action plans, conduction of safety drills are determined. Besides, it has indicated that the emergency and first aid training and the physical working conditions are not enoughly suitable. Finally, several suggestions have been stated related to the mentioned inconveniences.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 00:00:00 +030
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