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Intas Polivet
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ISSN (Print) 0972-1738 - ISSN (Online) 2249-8796
Published by Intas Pharmaceuticals Limited Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Nutritional interventions for health and productivity

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      Authors: Bhatia Nitin Dr.
      Abstract: Bhatia Nitin Dr.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 1 - 1

      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 1 - 1
       
  • Nutrients and their effect on immunomodulation in animals

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      Authors: Yadav Renu, Mondal B.C; Chauhan R.S.
      Abstract: Yadav Renu, Mondal B.C., Chauhan R.S.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 267 - 287
      Nutrition plays an important role in preventing metabolic disorders post calving and during lactation. Metabolic process dysfunctions are associated with malfunctioning of separate parts or the whole organism. Metabolic disease or disorder is interference of one or more metabolic processes associated with regulation of certain metabolite in body fluids. Metabolic disorders such as ketosis, fatty liver syndrome, hypocalcaemia etc can have major effect not only on cow's lactation, but also on fertility. Vitamins are essential amines and have significant role as nutrients. Nutrients play significant role in control of host immune defence as well as balancing the physiologic and pathologic conditions. Hypervitaminoses usually occur in fat soluble vitamins, which are stored in liver and fatty tissue of body. Macro-minerals and trace elements are essential for all physiological functions and support optimal growth, health condition, immune system, productivity and reproduction. For better fu
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 267 - 287
       
  • Postbiotics for animal health and performance

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      Authors: Sharma R.K; Chauhan Komal, Pathak A.K, Khan Nazam
      Abstract: Sharma R.K., Chauhan Komal, Pathak A.K., Khan Nazam
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 288 - 294
      The rise of drug resistance in microbial populations has led researches to find new natural alternatives that can be used safely in both humans and animals. Probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics have been used for several years as growth promoters and as preventive measures against several pathogens with advantageous results in livestock. Of late, postbiotics which are derivatives of probiotic cultures, have been used in humans, animals and poultry. Postbiotics have been classified as promising alternatives to antimicrobials due to their multiple benefits on livestock health and performance. They are regarded as immune-stimulators, anti- inflammatory, anti-oxidants and ant-microbial, as well as growth promoters. Robust and long term studies are required in this area of research.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 288 - 294
       
  • Nutrients for enhancing wound healing in veterinary patients

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      Authors: Devi Khangembam Sangeeta; Gangwar Anil Kumar, Yadav Vipin Kumar, Goyal Ravi Prakash
      Abstract: Devi Khangembam Sangeeta, Gangwar Anil Kumar, Yadav Vipin Kumar, Goyal Ravi Prakash
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 295 - 299
      Wound healing entails many biological and molecular processes such as clotting, inflammation, migration-proliferation and remodeling. Vitamins like A, B, C and D; minerals including zinc, magnesium and iron, protein and amino acids are necessary to reduce the inflammatory process and enhance collagen synthesis and ultimately add in enhancement of wound healing without scar formation. Veterinarians should include these nutrients in prescription for effective management of traumatic or surgical wounds.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 295 - 299
       
  • Lameness and its dietary management in animals

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      Authors: Beigh Yasir Afzal; Ganai Abdul Majeed, Haq Zulfaqarul, Akhter Sayima
      Abstract: Beigh Yasir Afzal, Ganai Abdul Majeed, Haq Zulfaqarul, Akhter Sayima
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 300 - 304
      Lameness is one of the most important and economically demanding diseases in livestock, manifested with change in locomotion and associated with not only a welfare problem, but also affect production and profit. Nutrition as one of the important predisposing factor causing lameness in animals. The review focus on incidence and dietary management of lameness in livestock. Excessive grain and/or concentrate feeding and high ratio of non-fibre carbohydrate to neutral detergent fibre affects the gastro-intestinal functioning result in lameness. Besides, high dietary protein content, vitamin and mineral deficiencies/imbalances and some anti-nutritional factors are other dietary causes leading to lameness in animals. Feeding management is perhaps the single most effective means to reduce the occurrence of lameness in animals as a sustainable strategy.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 300 - 304
       
  • Micronutrient for pre-ruminants and ruminants

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      Authors: Mishra Alok; Bisht Preeti, Jaiswal Manu
      Abstract: Mishra Alok, Bisht Preeti, Jaiswal Manu
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 305 - 309
      A number of vitamins and trace minerals are involved in antioxidant defense system and deficiency of these nutrients may depress immunity in calves. Vitamins A, E and C are the main antioxidant vitamins. Certain micronutrients, such as zinc, iron and manganese are known to improve efficiency of antioxidant vitamins in lipid peroxidation prevention.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 305 - 309
       
  • Oxidative stress and anti-oxidants for dairy animals

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      Authors: Sravani B; Kishore K. Raja, Kumar D. Srinivas
      Abstract: Sravani B., Kishore K. Raja, Kumar D. Srinivas
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 310 - 315
      Stress leads to decreased animal productive and reproductive performance which may be due to malnutrition, oxidative damage and environmental factors. Oxidative stress occurs due to over production of free radicals and is responsible for lipid peroxidation and cell death. Oxidants i.e. free radicals are able to reduce themselves and oxidize other molecules. They are of two categories-reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS). ROS plays an important role in host immune response and leads to oxidative stress when produced in excess. RNS are derived from nitric oxide and superoxide and damage cells causing nitrosative stress. Oxidative stress may impair health in dairy animals causing sepsis, mastitis, enteritis, pneumonia and joint disease. Antioxidants prevent the chain reaction of reactive free radicals or oxidative stress and maintain the health and integrity of cells within the body. Several antioxidants viz. vitamin C, glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismu
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 310 - 315
       
  • Methane abatement - Dietary, managemental, microbiological and
           biotechnological strategies

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      Authors: Morkhade S.J; Deshpande K.Y, Thakare J.V, Mandate N.
      Abstract: Morkhade S.J., Deshpande K.Y., Thakare J.V., Mandate N.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 316 - 324
      Climate change is a global challenge that has no borders and to combat it requires coordinated work by everyone. Methane and Carbon dioxide is the main anthropogenic greenhouse gases related to animal nutrition and methane has greater global warming potential than carbon dioxide. Mitigating methane production from agriculture, livestock is a vast theme. It seems that solutions can be discussed in four parts including: management strategies, nutrition and methane can be reduced by modifying dietary composition, supplementation of lipids, organic acids, or plant compounds within the diet, biotechnology and microbiology such as emphasizing on animal breeding, genetic merit, nonproductive animals, vaccination, immunization and biological control chemical defaunation that can lead to decreasing methane production from ruminant animal production.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 316 - 324
       
  • Impact of hydroponic fodder feeding in crossbred dairy cows

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      Authors: Ramya R; Dashprakash M, Vijayarajan A.
      Abstract: Ramya R., Dashprakash M., Vijayarajan A.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 325 - 326
      The study records the effects of feeding hydroponic fodder on milk yield in dairy cows. Sixteen (16) crossbred milch animals reared under intensive system of management were fed with hydroponic fodder and compared with control animals. The results indicated that 7.5% increase in milk yield of group fed with hydroponic fodder than other group. Similarly, 9.4% and 6% increase in milk fat and SNF content was also observed after feeding hydroponic fodder. The results indicated that differences in milk yield and SNF percent obtained for the group fed with hydroponic fodder were highly significant than the group fed with conventional green fodder. Hence, supplementation of hydroponic fodder could be an effective solution for fodder scarcity.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 325 - 326
       
  • Direct fed microbials in dairy animals

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      Authors: Awandkar S.P; Kulkarni M.B, Ghoke S.S.
      Abstract: Awandkar S.P., Kulkarni M.B., Ghoke S.S.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 327 - 332
      Direct fed microorganisms (DFM) can be fed to livestock during stressful conditions viz. production stress, environmental stress, sudden change in feed or disease. These DFM maintain anaerobic environment in rumen, stabilize ruminal pH, increase ruminal microbial activity and digestibility, increase feed efficiency, decrease methane emission, provide growth factors, increased milk yield and protein, increase digestibility, reduce fecal shedding of pathogens, enhance humoral immunity. In calves, DFM can alter intestinal environment and reduce chances of indigestion, diarrhoea and weight loss affecting overall growth of calves. The use of DFM can benefit overall growth and production in dairy animals.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 327 - 332
       
  • Ruminant probiotics - An overview

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      Authors: Kulkarni Nitish A; Chethan H.S.
      Abstract: Kulkarni Nitish A., Chethan H.S.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 333 - 335
      Probiotics are viable, non-pathogenic microorganisms exerting beneficial effects on health of humans and animals. Commercially, probiotics are used extensively to effectively modify gut microflora thus enhancing animal health and productivity. Ruminants principally depend on microbial degradation of their feed instead of direct enzymatic digestion. Probiotics are used in ruminant feeds majorly for increasing milk production, improve digestibility, enhanced growth of nonpathogenic rumen microflora, stabilization of intestinal microflora, nutrient utilization and immunomodulation. Probiotic applications have proven to minimize negative environmental consequences, such as methane emissions associated with anaerobic fermentation of ruminants. Due to such enormous advantages, there is a growing interest in the use of probiotics for research purposes as well as its application in field condition.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 333 - 335
       
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae in ruminant nutrition

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      Authors: Kulkarni M.B; Awandkar S.P.
      Abstract: Kulkarni M.B., Awandkar S.P.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 336 - 338
      Saccharomyces cerevisiae can be efficiently used as probiotics in animal feed. It stabilizes the rumen milieu for adequate functioning of the fibrolytic bacteria, produce organic acids and vitamins, increases volatile fatty acids, digestibility, and reduce lactic acid in the rumen, severity aflatoxicosis and other bacterial toxins. These beneficial effects result into enhanced feed intake, milk quality and quantity, immunity in the livestock.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 336 - 338
       
  • Rumen protected fats in dairy cows and buffaloes ration

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      Authors: Kumar Sanjay, Shekhar S; Kumari Rajni
      Abstract: Kumar Sanjay, Shekhar S., Kumari Rajni
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 339 - 344
      Over the last decade, incorporation of fat in the diet for high milk producing cows and buffaloes has become a general practice to increase the energy density. The bypass fat technology protects the nutrient from degradation and biohydrogenation in rumen with increase in energy density of diet enabling the animals to meet their energy and essential fatty acid requirement expressing their milk production potential to the fullest extent. Additional fat fed as bypass fat does not interfere with rumen fermentation process, but supplies more energy to the animals for more milk synthesis after being digested in abomasum and small intestine with absorption from small intestine. This assist in increasing unsaturated fatty acid in milk which can produce softer butter and safer milk for human consumption especially for heart patients.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 339 - 344
       
  • Fortified urea molasses mineral mixture block (UMMMB) for improving
           conception rate and milk production in dairy animals - A farm study

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      Authors: Choudhary Govind Kumar; Dwivedi Vishvendu, Kumar Rajesh
      Abstract: Choudhary Govind Kumar, Dwivedi Vishvendu, Kumar Rajesh
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 345 - 347
      The study was aimed to assess the effect of urea molasses mineral mixture block (UMMMB) fortified with Azolla dried powder feeding on regularization of estrus in dairy animals and improving milk production. Buffaloes (8; age group 5–9 years) of which 06 were in anestrus and 02 were repeat breeder and Cows (29; age group 4–5 years) of which 20 were repeat breeder and 09 were anoestrus were selected and dewormed on first day and from next day all animals were allowed to lick UMMMB fortified with dried Azolla powder @ 200–250 grams daily for 90 days. Observations on all closely monitored dairy animals revealed an average increase of milk production from 0.85–1.5 litres per animal per day in 50 percent of the animals. The 50 percent animals were in estrus and conceived also. The fodder intake was also increased following UMMMB supplementation and deworming in dairy animals. Moreover, some of the anestrus buffaloes came in heat during the study period however, after 20–30 days of completion
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 345 - 347
       
  • Clinical nutrition for udder health management in dairy animals

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      Authors: Sharma S.K; Joshi Monika
      Abstract: Sharma S.K., Joshi Monika
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 348 - 355
      Udder health is one of the most important considerations for the profitability of dairy farms. Despite plenty of research on diseases of mammary glands especially mastitis and sub-clinical mastitis, the incidence has not been reduced over the decades. Clinical nutrition is an important approach for maintenance of udder health in dairy animals. Potential to modulate mammary resistance against diseases by nutritional supplements has gained research and clinical practice interest. It also helped to focus on non-antimicrobial approaches to udder infection control. A review of the scientific literature available clearly indicated that there is a link between nutrition and udder health in dairy bovines. One of the main effects of nutrition on udder health is via the immune system. Dairy cattle and buffaloes in negative energy balance are at increased risk of udder and teat disorders particularly clinical and sub-clinical mastitis. Trace minerals and Vitamins that can affect udder health main
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 348 - 355
       
  • Nutrients for mastitis prevention and control in dairy animals

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      Authors: Tresamol P.V; Nissar Bhagya J.
      Abstract: Tresamol P.V., Nissar Bhagya J.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 356 - 359
      Mastitis is the major reason for economic loss in dairy farming. The oxidative stress that occur during the pre-partum as well as post-partum period adversely affect health of dairy cows and lead to immune suppression. Therefore maintenance of proper nutrition is an important management practice to prevent mastitis in herd. The importance of vitamins and minerals such as Vitamin E, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Selenium, Copper and Zinc for maintenance of immunity and health of udder is to be considered while developing a mastitis control programme. Nutritional deficiency leads to metabolic diseases which in turn supresses immune mechanisms.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 356 - 359
       
  • Metabolic profile of lactating jersey crossbred cattle - An evaluation
           study

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      Authors: Regmi Bharat, Shah M.K; Pande K.R.
      Abstract: Regmi Bharat, Shah M.K., Pande K.R.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 360 - 362
      The study was outlined to identify sub-clinical metabolic disorders in lactating stage and undertaken in 50 lactating crossbred Jersey cattle within the age group of 3–7 years. Non-pregnant, lactating, apparently healthy and stall-fed cattle with regular deworming and vaccination against common diseases were selected for sampling. Metabolic profile particularly glucose (11.64±0.86) was found significantly (P
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 360 - 362
       
  • Evaluating benefits of concentrate supplementation in peripartum crossbred
           cows

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      Authors: Gnanasekar R; Varadharajan A, Vijayalakshmi R, Kothandaraman S.
      Abstract: Gnanasekar R., Varadharajan A., Vijayalakshmi R., Kothandaraman S.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 363 - 366
      Twelve Jersey crossbred cows were selected for a on-farm study in completely randomized design to exemplify the effects of pre and post-partum concentrate supplementation on calf birth weight, milk production and composition and post-partum resumption of ovarian cyclicity. Along with Paddy straw (4 kilograms/cow/day) and green grass (35 kilograms/cow/day) and daily farm allowance of concentrate mixture (2.0 kg/cow/day; regarded as control group - 6 cows), extra amount (500 g) of concentrate supplementation was done in supplemented group (6 cows) using wheat bran (44%), groundnut oil cake (44%), common salt (4%) and dicalcium phosphate (8%). Results revealed that calf birth weight was 11% higher (p=0.26) in supplemented group compared to control group. Milk yield was recorded 49% higher (p=0.001) in supplemented cows than control cows. Among the milk constituents, only milk protein was found significantly (p=0.0001) higher in cows received concentrate supplementation than cows without c
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 363 - 366
       
  • Evaluating impact of trace mineral supplementation during late gestation
           on dairy cows immunoglobulin status and calf viability

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      Authors: Chouhan Yassar; Pande Nishi, Agrawal Rajesh, Bhavna, Sharma Utsav
      Abstract: Chouhan Yassar, Pande Nishi, Agrawal Rajesh, Bhavna, Sharma Utsav
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 367 - 369
      The study was conducted in 20 Holstein Friesian crossbred pluriparous cows in late pregnancy to determine the impact of trace mineral supplementation on cow's immunoglobulin status and neonatal calf vitality. The cows were randomly allocated to either group: control (I, n=10) or supplement (II, n=10, fed chelated trace mineral mixture of zinc, manganese, copper and cobalt @ 7 grams plus 2.5 mg of potassium iodide/head/day in addition to routine farm feeding for six weeks before expected calving). Blood samples were collected and total immunoglobins were estimated in serum. Calf viability parameters till four weeks of age were recorded. Improved total Ig status of dams and calf vigor in terms of lesser time for sternal recumbency (TSR), time taken to stand and lower incidence of calf scours till four weeks of age was recorded in supplemented cows.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 367 - 369
       
  • Prevalence of peri-parturient disease and their association with calcium
           and energy status in crossbred cows

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      Authors: Naidu G. Srinivas; Rani N. Lakshmi, Mani B. Shobha, Sreedevi B.
      Abstract: Naidu G. Srinivas, Rani N. Lakshmi, Mani B. Shobha, Sreedevi B.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 370 - 373
      Out of 154 crossbred cows, 80 cows (51.94 percent) exhibited peri-parturient disorders of which clinical and sub-clinical diseases were recorded in 40.00 and 18.75 percent, respectively while 41.25 percent of cows had both clinical and subclinical diseases. The frequently observed clinical conditions in transition cows were retention of placenta (10.39 percent), mastitis and dystocia (6.49 percent) and in sub-clinical conditions, hypocalcemia (30.51 percent) was predominant. The mean serum calcium values (mg/dL) significantly reduced in cows with clinical/sub-clinical diseases during transition period. The serum BHBA values in affected cows were increased ranging from 0.11 m mol/L to 7.60 m mol/L.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 370 - 373
       
  • Hematobiochemical and mineral profile evaluation in post-partum anestrus
           cows

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      Authors: Anushma; Kumar Pravesh, Singh Madhumeet, Sharma Akshay
      Abstract: Anushma, Kumar Pravesh, Singh Madhumeet, Sharma Akshay
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 374 - 376
      Forty (40) crossbred lactating cows were selected and divided into two groups (n=20 each) on the basis of ovarian examination. Blood samples were collected and comparison of hematobiochemical and mineral profile of post-partum anestrus cows with normal cyclic cows was undertaken. A significant variation was recorded in blood cholesterol, calcium, copper and zinc in anestrus and normal cyclic cows.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 374 - 376
       
  • Correlation of body condition score (BCS) and nutrition to hormonal
           response in post-partum anestrous buffaloes

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      Authors: Prasad B. Chandra, Naidu G. Venkata, Srinivas M; Raghunath M, Kumar Ashwini
      Abstract: Prasad B. Chandra, Naidu G. Venkata, Srinivas M., Raghunath M., Kumar Ashwini
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 377 - 381
      The study evaluates the hormonal response in post-partum anestrous Graded Murrah buffaloes with varied parity and body conditions score in relation to conception. Post-partum Sub-estrus and true anestrous buffaloes were adopted with different hormonal protocols and recorded conception and pregnancy rate during breeding and low breeding season in farm and field conditions. Conception and pregnancy rate varied in relation to body condition score. BCS was negative correlated with pregnancy but was non significant (P>0.05) in the study.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 377 - 381
       
  • Ketosis in dairy animals

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      Authors: Bansod A.P; Jadhao A.D, Surjagade R.S.
      Abstract: Bansod A.P., Jadhao A.D., Surjagade R.S.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 382 - 385
      Ketosis is a metabolic disease in dairy cattle recorded in late pregnancy or early lactation stage. This mini-review depicted the prevalence rate, treatment, economic losses and dietary management. It is observed by increase in ketone bodies specially p-hydroxybutyrate in blood. It is divided as primary and secondary ketosis. Primary ketosis causes due to insufficient glucose supply to cattle which cause negative energy balance whereas secondary ketosis occurs as a result of concurrent disease which may cause anorexia. Prevalence rate of ketosis is closely related to diet and farm management and also it is identified to be closely related to animal's genetics. Concentration of serum p-hydroxybutyrate between 1,200-1,400 imol/L is usually threshold for definition of ketosis and clinical (wasting and nervous) and sub-clinical ketosis are two differentially aspects of ketosis in dairy cattle, which are defined according to presence or absence of clinical signs of ketosis in cattle. Preven
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 382 - 385
       
  • Feeding herbs for management of alert downer syndrome in cows

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      Authors: Puvarajan B; Punniamurthy N, Sivakumar T.
      Abstract: Puvarajan B., Punniamurthy N., Sivakumar T.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 386 - 387
      The present study deals about therapeutic management of downer cows in twelve animals with incidence of dystocia, calf traction and eventful delivery. The cows were bright and alert with normal appetite, defecation and urination with reduced milk production. On hematological analysis, physiological and clinical parameter was within normal range and cow were in sternal recumbency. Poly herbal treatment comprising Moringa leaves and curry leaves was advocated along with physiotherapy. Cow was able to stand up without help of slings after complete recovery in a month.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 386 - 387
       
  • Evaluating the effect of paddy straw plus non-forage fibre sources based
           complete rations with different levels of neutral detergent fibre (NDF)
           levels on occurrence of sub-acute ruminal acidosis (SARA) in lactating
           dairy cows

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      Authors: Chacko Biju, Mohan K.M. Syam, Ally K; Shyama K.
      Abstract: Chacko Biju, Mohan K.M. Syam, Ally K., Shyama K.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 388 - 400
      The study was undertaken for 180 days to assess the effect of feeding paddy straw plus non-forage fibre sources based complete rations with different levels of neutral detergent fibre on incidence of occurrence of Sub-acute ruminal acidosis (SARA) in lactating dairy cows, in two phases, viz. early (0–90 days) and mid lactation (91–180 days). Three isonitrogenous and isocaloric complete rations, Tv T2 and T3 with 25, 30 and 35 percent NDF, respectively were formulated. Eighteen dairy cows, yielding approximately 10 kg of milk per day and divided into three groups of six each, were fed on the respective experimental rations, for the entire experimental period. The animals were observed daily for signs of SARA. There was no incidence of SARA in any of the cows in three dietary treatments. A thorough evaluation of the results revealed that complete rations with 25–35 percent NDF, containing paddy straw as the sole source of roughage NDF, with the rest of NDF being met from non-forage sourc
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 388 - 400
       
  • Sub-acute ruminal acidosis (SARA) in stone pulling ongole bulls -a
           diagnostic, correlative and chemotherapeutic study

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      Authors: Rao L. Narayana, Suresh K; Elizabeth S. Laimi, Rani N. Lakshmi, Rajesh K.
      Abstract: Rao L. Narayana, Suresh K., Elizabeth S. Laimi, Rani N. Lakshmi, Rajesh K.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 401 - 405
      Diagnosis of Sub-Acute Ruminal Acidosis (SARA) in stone pulling bulls was undertaken based on history of feeding on high concentrates diets; clinical signs like soft pasty feces, laminitis, exercise intolerance, anorexia/inappettence, decreased ruminal motility and change in bio-physical characters of ruminal fluid. Hemato-biochemical examination revealed neutrophilia, anemia, increased level of ALT and AST as well as decreased levels of albumin. The affected bulls were successfully treated with ruminal buffers, probiotics, anti-histaminics and B-complex vitamins. Antibiotic therapy was advocated in those bulls with secondary bacterial infection.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 401 - 405
       
  • Herbs as nutrients in true anestrous buffaloes and its comparative
           evaluation

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      Authors: Prasad B. Chandra; Srinivas Manda, Thangamani A.
      Abstract: Prasad B. Chandra, Srinivas Manda, Thangamani A.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 406 - 408
      The present study was undertaken to compare the efficacy of plant herbs and herbal formulation in post-partum true anestrous graded Murrah buffalos (n=30). Group I (n=10) buffaloes were fed with regular requirement of green fodder supplemented with Curry leaves (Murraya koenigii) and Drumstick leaves (Moringa oleifera). While, Group II buffaloes were treated with herbal formulation (3 capsules orally for two consecutive days) and repeated after 10 days on the 11th and 12th day, whereas Group III (n=10) buffaloes were kept as untreated controls. Overall estrus induction and conception rate was found to be higher in Group I buffaloes as compared to other groups. It was concluded from the present study that supplementation of Curry leaves (Murraya koenigii) and Drumstick leaves (Moringa oleifera) in true anestrous buffaloes resulted in higher estrus induction and conception rate.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 406 - 408
       
  • Alterations in mineral profile of anemic buffaloes

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      Authors: Priyanka G; Rani N. Lakshmi, Rao V. Vaikunta, Sreedevi C.
      Abstract: Priyanka G., Rani N. Lakshmi, Rao V. Vaikunta, Sreedevi C.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 409 - 412
      The study was conducted to evaluate the serum mineral concentrations in anemic buffaloes. Mineral deficiency contributed to anemia in 72.41 percent of anemic buffaloes. Among the 72.41 percent mineral deficient buffaloes, single mineral deficiency was observed in 17.24 percent (20/116) while 55.20 percent (64/116) of anemic buffaloes exhibited multi mineral deficiency. Out of 116 anemic buffaloes, majority 67.24 percent (78/116) were deficient in Iron followed by Phosphorus in 64 (55.17%), Calcium in 48 (41.38%), Copper in 26 (22.41%) while 18.97 percent,18.10 percent and 15.51 percent of anemic buffaloes were deficient in Zinc, Magnesium and Cobalt, respectively.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 409 - 412
       
  • Clinico-therapeutic management of osteomalacia in marathwadi buffaloes

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      Authors: Ghoke S.S; Bhikane A.U, Jadhav R.K.
      Abstract: Ghoke S.S., Bhikane A.U., Jadhav R.K.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 413 - 415
      Osteomalacia is a common deficiency disorder in adult buffaloes of Marathwada, reared in draught areas or phosphorous deficient soil. The buffaloes showed typical signs of arched back, stiff gait and progressive loss of body weight. The condition was diagnosed on the basis of history, clinical signs exhibited, decreased in inorganic phosphorous and calcium levels and absence of any foreign body syndrome. Oral inorganic phosphorous preparation was found to be successful for management of osteomalacia.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 413 - 415
       
  • Hypocuprosis in buffaloes - A clinico-diagnostic study

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      Authors: Madhuri K. Sudha; Rani N. Lakshmi, Rao V. Vaikunta, Krishna N.V.V. Hari
      Abstract: Madhuri K. Sudha, Rani N. Lakshmi, Rao V. Vaikunta, Krishna N.V.V. Hari
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 416 - 418
      The study evaluates prevalence and symptomatology of copper deficiency in buffaloes. Analysis of plasma samples for copper estimation revealed that overall prevalence of copper deficiency in buffaloes was 24.79 percent of which, 18.18 percent had marginal deficiency while 6.61 percent exhibited functional deficiency. The prominent clinical signs in hypocupremic buffaloes were depigmentation of skin and hair coat, anemia, ill thrift lameness/hoof abnormalities, mastitis, diarrhea, reduced milk yield anestrous and repeat breeding.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 416 - 418
       
  • Plasma protein - An indicator of nutritional status and herd health in
           ovines

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      Authors: Kumar S. Krishna, Kumar R. Anil, Prema N; Prabhakar R, Thavasiappan V.
      Abstract: Kumar S. Krishna, Kumar R. Anil, Prema N., Prabhakar R., Thavasiappan V.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 419 - 421
      A total of thirty seven (37) sheep were selected and their plasma samples were collected and analyzed for plasma urea nitrogen, total protein, albumin and globulin in monsoon and summer season. Dung samples were also tested for Haemonchosis. The results showed that monsoons showed higher mortality with higher Hemonchus infectivity than summer season. Every one unit of blood urea nitrogen increased, 0.953 times mortality decreased. And every one unit of globulin increased, 0.0163 times of mortality decreased, because of higher antibody titer level by active infection/immunization. Every one unit of albumin increased, 0.0004 times of mortality was decreased. Plasma protein estimation provides better insights into herd health investigations in ovine.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 419 - 421
       
  • Evaluating effect of mineral supplementation on health status of pregnant
           ramnad white ewes

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      Authors: Puvarajan B; Kumar S. Senthil
      Abstract: Puvarajan B., Kumar S. Senthil
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 422 - 424
      The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of mineral supplementation on lambs growth of nomadic grazing pregnant ewes of Ramnad white breed along with hematological alterations. The lambs born during two seasons viz. February-March and September-October, 2019 were recorded and were divided into two groups. Mineral supplementation to one group revealed increase in survival percentage of lambs compared to un-supplemented ones. The serum mineral concentration also increased and hematology revealed decrease on neutrophil lymphocyte ratio and decrease in total plasma proteins and remained so till end of puerperal period.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 422 - 424
       
  • Impact of intensive nutrition and management on growth performances of
           dorset nilagiri crossbreds lambs (DORNI)

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      Authors: Kumar R. Anil, Krishnakumar S; Thavasiappan V.
      Abstract: Kumar R. Anil, Krishnakumar S., Thavasiappan V.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 425 - 428
      Suitability of Dorset Nilagiri crossbred lambs for intensive system of management was evaluated. Thirty-six (36) Dorset Nilagiri crossbred lambs were randomly allotted to two groups of 18 lambs (9 ram and ewe lambs) each with group A under intensive and group B under semi intensive system of management. Lambs under intensive and semi intensive system of management were provided with 200 and 150 grams concentrate per day per animal from three to six months, 300 and 200 grams per day per animal from six to 12 months respectively. The Hogget, nine months and yearling weight (17.10±0.59, 23.99±0.68 and 27.83±0.63 vs. 14.51±0.59, 18.36±0.68 and 20.60±0.63 kg) were significantly higher (P
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 425 - 428
       
  • Impact of hogget feeding on growth and reproductive performance in
           nilagiri and sandyno ewes

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      Authors: Kumar R. Anil, Prema N; Prabhakar R.
      Abstract: Kumar R. Anil, Prema N., Prabhakar R.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 429 - 432
      Fifty ewe hoggets of Nilagiri and Sandyno breeds aged 10–11 months were allotted to two treatment groups to study the effect of level of concentrate feed on production, reproduction and life time lamb produced (LTLP). Hoggets from group I was supplemented with 300 grams of concentrate feed per day as against 150 grams of concentrate feed given to hoggets in group II. The effect of additional feeding is reflected in significantly higher growth rate, Average daily gain (ADG), overall weight gain and Mean greasy fleece yield in group I ewes of both Nilagiri and Sandyno ewes. Tupping and lambing percentage of group I ewes were significantly higher and was more pronounced in Sandyno ewes. However, this was compensated by significant (P
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 429 - 432
       
  • Goitrogenic alterations in growing kids fed on rapeseed-mustard cake diets

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      Authors: Palanivel M; Sharma Kusumakar
      Abstract: Palanivel M., Sharma Kusumakar
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 433 - 436
      The study was undertaken to investigate the occurrence of Goitrogenic changes in growing kids fed with raw or water soaked rapeseed-mustard cake (RMC) replaced for ground-nut cake in diet. Eighteen male Barbari kids were randomly assigned to three dietary treatments of six each; GNC, RMC-dry and RMC-sani containing ground-nut cake, raw RMC and overnight water soaked (1:3 w/v ratio) RMC, respectively. The respective concentrate mixture and ad lib.wheat straw were offered for an experimental period of 180 days with monitoring the serum Thyroxine (T3 & T4) and SCN− levels at 45 days intervals. All the kids were slaughtered; thyroid glands were collected, weighed and studied for histological changes if any. Total glucosinolates (GLS) content of RMC-dry concentrate mixture was 64.28 jmol/g DM while it was reduced by 31.96% to 43.74 imol/g DM in RMC-Sani and nil in GNC concentrate mixture. Serum SCN− was significantly (P
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 433 - 436
       
  • Impact of peri-partum concentrate supplementation on productivity in
           caprines

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      Authors: Behera Monalisa, Satpathy B; Behera S.S.
      Abstract: Behera Monalisa, Satpathy B., Behera S.S.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 437 - 439
      Forty five adult does were divided into three groups of 15 does each. Group I was the control animals without any concentrate supplementation, whereas Group II and III were supplemented with 100 grams and 200 grams of concentrate mixture 30 days pre-partum and 30 days post-partum respectively in addition to ad libitum roughage feeding. The individual body weight of does was recorded from 30th day of pre-partum to 30 days of post-partum in 15 days intervals. Birth weight of kid, weaning weight and kid mortality were also recorded. It was observed that 200 grams concentrate supplementation improved both pre-partum and post-partum body condition of goats and had positive impact on growth performance of kids and reduced kid mortality.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 437 - 439
       
  • Enzootic ataxia in goat kids

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      Authors: Rao L. Narayana; Rani N. Lakshmi
      Abstract: Rao L. Narayana, Rani N. Lakshmi
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 440 - 442
      Four kids from a flock were presented with symptoms of muscle tremors, ataxia, hind limb paresis, head tremors and recumbency. Hemogram revealed anemia and neutrophilia. Based on estimation of plasma copper levels the condition was diagnosed as hypocuprosis. Serum total protein and Gamma-glutamyl transferase enzyme (GGT) were also low. On investigation during flock visit, other kids also exhibited similar signs. Affected kids were administered with oral Copper sulphate (35 mg/kg), hepato protectant and hematinic. Recovery was reported while severely affected kids died inspite of treatment.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 440 - 442
       
  • Diagnosis and therapeutic management of pregnancy toxaemia in an ewe

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      Authors: Basavanagouda; Sarangamath Santosh, Kumar M.C. Anil
      Abstract: Basavanagouda, Sarangamath Santosh, Kumar M.C. Anil
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 443 - 444
      A pregnant ewe was presented with decreased feed intake for last 2–3 days, dullness and weakness. Physiological parameters were found within the normal range. Further, Beta Hydroxy Butarate (BHB) level was 1.1 mmol/lit. (Normal
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 443 - 444
       
  • Pregnancy toxaemia and its management in a doe

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      Authors: Sagare Rajat; Basavanagouda, Kumar M.C. Anil
      Abstract: Sagare Rajat, Basavanagouda, Kumar M.C. Anil
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 445 - 447
      A doe was presented with history of advanced pregnancy, head pressing, circling, inappetance, torticolis, lateral deviation of neck, grinding of teeth, salivation since two days. Clinical examination revealed tachycardia, tachypenia, opisthotonus and pale conjunctival mucous membrane. Ultrasonography revealed two viable foetuses. Blood was collected and analysed for serum (AST, ALT, CRT, BUN, GGT, total protein, albumin, BHBA, calcium and glucose) which revealed hyperketonaemia (6.2 mmol/L), hypoglycaemia (33.24 mg/dL) and mild hypocalcaemia (6.4 mg/dL). Urine sample was collected and analysis revealed positive for ketone bodies. The doe was successfully treated with 25% Dextrose i/v and intramuscular calcium and B-complex. Owner was advised to feed cracked corn (till kidding) and Gluconeogenic precursor (five days) orally. An uneventful recovery was observed on seventh day of treatment.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 445 - 447
       
  • Nutritional management for healthy dogs and cats

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      Authors: Choudhary Sheela; Karnani Monika, Manju, Chharang Dharmendra
      Abstract: Choudhary Sheela, Karnani Monika, Manju, Chharang Dharmendra
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 448 - 455
      Nutritional concerns occur most commonly when dogs and cats are fed imbalanced homemade diets, when cats are fed diets formulated for dogs, or when dogs or cats are fed certain human foods. Dog or cat foods or homemade diets derived from single food item are inadequate. Healthy animals normally eat sufficient food to satisfy their energy requirements. The nutritionist to ensure that all other nutrient needs have been met when animals stop eating because they have met their energy needs.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 448 - 455
       
  • Prevalence and signalment of obesity in canines - A clinical study

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      Authors: Mounika A; Prasad V. Devi, Sreenu M.
      Abstract: Mounika A., Prasad V. Devi, Sreenu M.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 456 - 461
      The study evaluates prevalence and signalment of obesity in canines based on body condition scores and measurement of body mass index (BMI) of dogs. A total of 732 (31.39%) dogs out of 2,332 were obese. Prevalence of obesity was higher in neutered, middle aged dogs and belonged to prosperous owners. The order of breed-wise susceptibility was Spitz, Labrador Retriever, Pug, mixed breed, German Shepherd and Golden Retriever. Fat deposition was found concentrated subcutaneously as compared to other body parts. The overall prevalence of overweight was 18.57 percent and obesity was 31.39 percent in dogs.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 456 - 461
       
  • Evaluating need for calcium supplementation in growing puppies reared on
           home-made diets

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      Authors: Haritha G.S; Saritha G.
      Abstract: Haritha G.S., Saritha G.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 462 - 464
      Calcium and phosphorous work together in body to maintain the growth and structure of skeletal system. Deficiencies or excess of both can create skeletal problems especially in young puppies. Unbalanced diets can lead to nutritional deficiencies or excess, resulting in detrimental health consequences, especially during growth as they are more prone to diseases related to rapid growth. This report evaluates of calcium supplementation in growing puppies fed on unbalanced homemade diet. Puppies fed on homemade diet was supplemented with calcium (Group I) was compared with puppies fed on solely homemade diet (Group II). Serum calcium, phosphorus and radiographical examination revealed clinical improvement in growth and activity of puppies; radiographically, the growth plate growth was well remarkable in group I compared to group II. Thus, growing puppies have demanding dietary calcium requirements when fed on homemade diets.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 462 - 464
       
  • Nutritionals for better hepatic health in companion animals

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      Authors: Agrawal H; Jaiswal M, Mishra A.
      Abstract: Agrawal H., Jaiswal M., Mishra A.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 465 - 469
      Nutritional intake in patients with hepatobiliary disease provides the cornerstone of balanced medical care. Optimal recommendations require consideration of general nutritional principles, special species requirements and contemporary needs uniquely related to patients medical problem. Healthy animals normally eat sufficient food to satisfy their energy requirements. Pet nutritionist have to ensure that all other nutrient needs have been met when animals stop eating because they have met their energy needs. While dogs and cats are members of the biological order, Carnivora, scientific observation and research support that differences in their metabolism and nutritional requirements exist. However, the goal in feeding both species is the same; to optimize the health and well-being of individual. This approach results in dietary recommendations that will vary from individual animal to animal, based on a variety of factors that include the animal's signalment, occupation and environment.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 465 - 469
       
  • L-carnitine - Therapeutic and nutritional role in dogs

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      Authors: Hatzade R.I; Waghmare S.P, Bhikane A.U.
      Abstract: Hatzade R.I., Waghmare S.P., Bhikane A.U.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 470 - 473
      The communication provides details of carnitine structure, synthesis, metabolism and its nutritional role in prevention and treatment of various conditions in dogs. It is commonly used in the treatment of dilated cardiomyopathy and promoting oxidation of body fats in obsessed dogs to loose body weight without affecting lean body mass.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 470 - 473
       
  • Nutritional approaches for management of dermatological disorders in
           canine

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      Authors: Tresamol P.V; Nissar Bhagya J.
      Abstract: Tresamol P.V., Nissar Bhagya J.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 474 - 477
      Nutrients play a major role in health status of skin and hair coat in dogs. Nutritional deficiencies are reported as an indirect cause of dermatological disorders resulting from reduced intake of diet, unbalanced diet or reduced absorption or utilization of the nutrients as a result of disease or genetic factors. Most often nutritional deficiency and excess are not commonly identified as direct causes of dermatological disorders but dietary modifications often found to reduce the severity of such diseases. Hence knowledge on common clinical conditions caused by deficiency or excess of these nutrients will provide useful information on nutritional interventions for correcting the problems. This review discusses on the role of various nutrients in health of skin and coat of dogs
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 474 - 477
       
  • Evaluating benefit of nutritional management in canine pruritic dermatosis

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      Authors: Ghoke S.S; Thorat K.S.
      Abstract: Ghoke S.S., Thorat K.S.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 478 - 479
      Canine pruritic dermatosis exhibited as alopecia and pruritis of common occurence. In our study, the canines suffering from pruritic skin disease were successfully treated with nutritional therapy comprising of Essential fatty acids and Zinc and average recovery period was 28±1.25 days.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 478 - 479
       
  • Parenteral and enteral nutrition - A post-surgical requirement in
           intestinal surgeries in dogs

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      Authors: Pande Gauri; Salvekar Shalaka
      Abstract: Pande Gauri, Salvekar Shalaka
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 480 - 484
      Intussusception is telescoping of intestinal segment seen in young dogs under one year of age, when the nutritional requirement for growth is at its peak and as a sequele to enteritis of various origin. It can be easily diagnosed from clinical symptoms like recurrent or sporadic vomiting, bloody mucold diarrhoea and palpable cylindrical or sausage shaped abdominal mass with or without abdominal pain and can be confimred appropriately with ultrasonography. Intussusception can be surgically managed with reduction or resection and anastomosis or both, following prophylactic enteroplication or enteropexy. Therefore in this article the total parentral and entral nutrition is discussed for the animals that show electrolyte imbalance, reduced bowel motility, compromised nutritional status, risk of bacterial translocation and other complications associated with surgery.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 480 - 484
       
  • Evaluation of renal diet for minimizing uremic crisis in chronic kidney
           disease (CKD) stage ii and iii in canine patients

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      Authors: Kumar G.K. Chetan; Kamran C. Ansar
      Abstract: Kumar G.K. Chetan, Kamran C. Ansar
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 485 - 487
      Dogs in Stage II and Stage III of chronic kidney disease were treated with commercial renal diet to study the effect of renal diet in minimizing uremic crisis. Animals fed with renal diet showed significant increase in levels of hemoglobin, hematocrit, TEC and significant reduction in blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, CysC, phosphorous, urine protein and UP/C ratio. The study revealed that renal diet is effective in minimizing uremic crisis in CKD.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 485 - 487
       
  • Evaluating role of ascorbic acid in canine distemper management in
           infected dogs

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      Authors: Ghoke S.S; Thorat K.S.
      Abstract: Ghoke S.S., Thorat K.S.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 488 - 490
      Amongst vital orthomolecular substances, Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) is considered as one of the important immuno-modulating and antioxidant agent. Out of the 56 canines diagnosed for CDV infection, 42 (of GI/respiratory form) were successfully treated with higher doses of Ascorbic acid, along with supportive therapy as compared to canines showing hyperkeratosis with neurological complications.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 488 - 490
       
  • Nutritional management of canine urolithiasis

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      Authors: Jaiswal M; Agrawal H, Mishra A.
      Abstract: Jaiswal M., Agrawal H., Mishra A.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 491 - 493
      Urolithiasis is a common problem in canines and nutrition plays a significant role in predisposing urolithiasis. The nutritional factors mainly influence urinary constituents and pH, which affect stone nucleation and growth non-operative treatment modalities are required to prevent and reduce the risk of recurrent urolithiasis. Medical management is primarily centered around the diet. Careful monitoring throughout is needed. Nutritional management is the best preventive strategy against urolithiasis.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 491 - 493
       
  • Anorexia management in dogs

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      Authors: Wadhwa D; Wadhwa D.R, Sharma A, Katoch S, Upadhaya S.
      Abstract: Wadhwa D., Wadhwa D.R., Sharma A., Katoch S., Upadhaya S.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 494 - 500
      Anorexia is a common problem in dogs and occurs with a myriad of diseases. It is more than merely a sign of disease. Prolonged absence of food intake adversely effects all body systems, making it more difficult for dog to resist the effects of disease and recover and respond to therapy. A variety of products and many methods available for their delivery provide sufficient combinations to ensure that nutrient deprivation need not add further insult to injury or disease. Fasting for longer than three days result in enterocyte deterioration and decreased gastrointestinal immunity. Translocation of enteric bacteria may take place across a compromised intestinal mucosal barrier. it is a problem which must be recognized and dealt with clinically. This paper describes the selection of patient that needs nutritional support and various methods by which of nutritional support can be provided to an anorectic dog to avoid further complications of the underlying cause of the problem and to speed-u
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 494 - 500
       
  • Comparative evaluation of probiotic and synbiotic for management of canine
           gastroenteritis

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      Authors: Sharma Rahul, Baghel R.P.S; Nayak Sunil, Khare Ankur, Sharma Shivangi
      Abstract: Sharma Rahul, Baghel R.P.S., Nayak Sunil, Khare Ankur, Sharma Shivangi
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 501 - 502
      In our study, ten (10) mongrel dogs were diagnosed with gastroenteritis. The dogs were symptomatically treated and supplemented with probiotics (5 dogs) and synbiotics (5 dogs). Both nutritional supplements were found effective although synbiotics showed faster improvement of canine gut health.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 501 - 502
       
  • Diagnosis and management of immune mediated food allergy in a beagle dog

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      Authors: Sharma Arvind; Rani Neelam, Kumar Hardeep
      Abstract: Sharma Arvind, Rani Neelam, Kumar Hardeep
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 503 - 505
      A Beagle dog was presented with history of respiratory distress, intermittent vomiting of bile and mucus along with increased fecal transit for last few weeks. Dog was treated earlier with antibiotics, antihistamines and antiemetic without any noticeable results. Elimination - challenge food trial was undertaken and was diagnosed as an immunological adverse reaction due to chicken protein, Avoidance done as a part of diagnosis also served as concurrent therapy.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 503 - 505
       
  • Effect of feeding guava (Psidium guajava) fruit waste on nutrient
           utilization in crossbred grower pigs

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      Authors: Barman Keshab, Konwar Dipanjali, Pegu S.R; Borah Dharitri, Rajkhowa Swaraj
      Abstract: Barman Keshab, Konwar Dipanjali, Pegu S.R., Borah Dharitri, Rajkhowa Swaraj
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 506 - 510
      The study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of supplementation of guava (Psidium guajava) fruit waste (GFW) on nutrient utilization in crossbred (Hampshire x Ghungroo) grower pigs. Eighteen grower pigs (weighing 11.4–11.6 kg) of either sex were divided into three groups of six each in randomized block design. The experimental pigs were fed with diets namely standard grower ration (SGR) supplemented with 0% GFW, 5% GFW and 10% GFW, respectively, by replacing maize grain in Tv T2 and T3 groups. The average dry matter intake, digestibility co-efficients (%) of nutrients were increased (P
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 506 - 510
       
  • Evaluating correlation of mould load with changes in hay for equine
           consumption

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      Authors: Sagi S.B. Rama Raju, Singh Dhananjay, Choubey S.K; Thakur Ashutosh, Bishnoi Bhupender
      Abstract: Sagi S.B. Rama Raju, Singh Dhananjay, Choubey S.K., Thakur Ashutosh, Bishnoi Bhupender
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 511 - 513
      Presence of moulds and mycotoxins in animal feeds like hay has adverse effects on animal health. Faulty storage conditions lead to moisture development in hay causing mould development. Our study was aimed at analysing quantitative fungal load in fifty eight (58) hay samples meant for equine consumption and their proximate analysis components like moisture, crude fibre, crude fat, crude protein and acid insoluble ash (AIA).
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 511 - 513
       
  • Ataxia - Cystitis syndrome in equine

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      Authors: Randhawa S.N.S; Singh Randhir
      Abstract: Randhawa S.N.S., Singh Randhir
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 514 - 517
      Ataxia-Cystitis syndrome in equine is associated with feeding of Sorghum spp. which is responsible for chronic cyanide toxicity. Due to certain environmental factors like periods of rapid lush growth and seasons of medium/high rainfall the cyanogenic glycoside content increases manifold and ingestion of such forage leads to development of the syndrome. Clinical signs include ataxia of hind limbs followed by incontinence, dribbling of urine and scalding of skin around buttock. Diagnosis is reached by history of ingestion/grazing over offended forage along with clinical signs of ataxia of hind quarter, urine scalding and rectal dilatation. Treatment in chronic cases is usually unrewarding but in very early disease course treatment with antibiotics, Sodium nitrite, Sodium thiosulphate and cobalt chloride along with withdrawal of offending forage may help to reduce the severity of syndrome.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 514 - 517
       
  • Effect of feeding of Boerhaavia diffusa on performance, nutrient
           utilization, carcass traits and economics in broiler production

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      Authors: Tomar Rahul Singh, Baghel R.P.S; Nayak Sunil, Khare Ankur, Sharma Rahul
      Abstract: Tomar Rahul Singh, Baghel R.P.S., Nayak Sunil, Khare Ankur, Sharma Rahul
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 518 - 521
      The study was carried out to evaluate the effect of varying levels of Boerhaavia diffusa (punarnava) powder on performance, nutrient utilization, carcass traits and economics of broiler production. Seventy two (72) days old chicks were randomly distributed into four dietary treatments each having three replicates of six chicks. Out of four dietary treatments, treatment one (Tfl) acted as control, remaining three treatments were formulated by supplementing 0.5%, 1.0% and 1.5% punarnava powder respectively. Thus, T2, T3 and T4 were supplemented with punarnava powder. Significantly (p
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 518 - 521
       
  • Adopted feeding practice for rearing an indian leopard (Panthera pardus)
           cub

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      Authors: Govindan Vimalraj Padayatchiar; Dhakate Parag Madhukar, Uniyal Ayush
      Abstract: Govindan Vimalraj Padayatchiar, Dhakate Parag Madhukar, Uniyal Ayush
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 522 - 523
      A week old male leopard (Panthera pardus) cub was spotted near the agricultural field by farmers and a day after it was decided to hand rear using milk replacer initially and later with cow's milk and finally meat.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 522 - 523
       
  • Nutrition for geriatric and incapacitated leopards (Panthera pardus) in
           captivity

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      Authors: Kolangath S.M; Upadhye S.V, Dhoot V.M, Pawshe M.D, Shalini A.S.
      Abstract: Kolangath S.M., Upadhye S.V., Dhoot V.M., Pawshe M.D., Shalini A.S.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 524 - 527
      Conflict leopards are often critically wounded and need care and rehabilitation under captivity. These incapacitated leopards need special health care and management including changes in diet to suit their physiological needs. In most zoos, a monotonous diet protocol of carabeef/beef is followed. It is essential to make changes to diet to suit the incapacity and provide wise supplementation where needed. In our study, five incapacitated or geriatric leopards were selected, their diet was modified considering their incapacity and their health was monitored by daily health monitoring, body score indexing, faecal scores, blood and biochemical monitoring etc. It was observed that making changes in regular diet to suit incapacitated and geriatric leopards was instrumental in the health and well being of incapacitated leopards in captivity. Similarly, geriatric leopards need special care to avert health complications and lead a healthy life.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 524 - 527
       
  • Correlating nutritional deficiency with cataract diagnosis in hand reared
           asiatic lion cub (Panthera leo persica)

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      Authors: Jhirwal S.K; Rathore S.S, Gahlot T.K.
      Abstract: Jhirwal S.K., Rathore S.S., Gahlot T.K.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 528 - 530
      Mother's milk is a potential contributing nutritional involved in safeguarding the cubs against ophthalmic disorders such as juvenile cataract as the cub in our study was hand reared using artificial milk formula and developed bilateral cataract. The affected cub was compared with other siblings that had been nursed by their dam naturally. The development of cataract was noticed after about forty five (45) days of hand rearing using artificial milk formula. Bilateral cataracts was noticed with no signs of vision. The bilateral cataract could be correlated with history to nutritonal deficiency.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 528 - 530
       
  • Dietary supplementation for captive asian elephants (Elephas maximus)

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      Authors: Govindan Vimalraj Padayatchiar; Dhakate Parag Madhukar, Uniyal Ayush
      Abstract: Govindan Vimalraj Padayatchiar, Dhakate Parag Madhukar, Uniyal Ayush
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 531 - 532
      Eight female captive Asian Safari Elephants were fed specially prepared wheat and maize flour, horse gram, brown channa, oil, salt, jaggery, green and forest tree fodder and other supplements based on maintenance requirements. We determined the efficacy of feed and fodder and their nutritive targets, seasonal desires and feeding habits for better health and growth.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 531 - 532
       
  • Digestive physiology, microbial ecology and nutritional requirement of
           asian elephants

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      Authors: Chharang Dharmendra; Choudhary Sheela, Karnani Monika, Manju
      Abstract: Chharang Dharmendra, Choudhary Sheela, Karnani Monika, Manju
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 533 - 539
      Improved animal wellbeing and performance has always remained a primary objective of wildlife nutrition to conserve the endangered species of elephant. The horse is considered as model animal for calculating nutrient requirements and designing diets for elephants. Fermentative metabolisms have been supposed to play a vital role in utilizing the foliage-based diet of inferior quality for herbivores, as elephants have an exclusive and flexible microbiome that meets their high energy requirement and allows them to digest wide range of plant-based biopolymers. The digestive system of elephant is adapted to its sustained feeding habit, it may be due to reduced efficiency and lesser time spent in digestive tract. Chronic nutritional imbalances weaken the immune system and predispose it to many pathogens. Therefore, it becomes essential to furnish all required nutrients in diet of elephants in appropriate quantities.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 533 - 539
       
  • Hand-rearing of sloth bear neonates and its nutritional requirements -
           Sharing experiences of fifteen year

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      Authors: Arun A. Sha, Ilayaraja S; Raj Baiju
      Abstract: Arun A. Sha, Ilayaraja S., Raj Baiju
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 540 - 542
      The review is based on our study and experiences of past two decades with hand-rearing of over ninty (90) Sloth bear cubs of different age groups (2 weeks - 2 years) which were confiscated or rescued from various situations like forceful early weaning due to illegal poaching, minimizing the chances of the cubs being completely deprived or received minimal quantity of mother's colostrum milk, making them vulnerable to various nutrition-based health issues, in addition to physiological and psychological stress. The data is based on the study and development of balanced diet for sloth bear cubs according to their essential body nutrients, body weight and age.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 540 - 542
       
  • Feed and management of exotic pet birds

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      Authors: Seemanthini R; Jani R.G.
      Abstract: Seemanthini R., Jani R.G.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 543 - 546
      Out of major 27 orders of birds, having 8700 species of which, Passeriformes (finches, sparrows, mynah and perching birds) and Psittaciformes (Parakeets, parrots, cockatoos, macaws and lorikeets) are commonly preferred as companion birds by most pet lovers. Feeding pet birds, the right food is important for their growth and health in captivity. A balanced diet based on sound bird nutrition recommendations for them. Balancing parrot's diet will prevent many health and behavior problems. Malnutrition is a preventable human-made disease observed in most cases of diseases in pet birds.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 543 - 546
       
  • Clinical management of hypovitaminosis-A in a turtle

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      Authors: Bhalekar P.P; Hatzade R.I, Waghmare S.P, Pajai K.S, Ghormode P.B.
      Abstract: Bhalekar P.P., Hatzade R.I., Waghmare S.P., Pajai K.S., Ghormode P.B.
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 547 - 549
      A red ear slider turtle was presented with swelling and oedema on eyelid, anorexia, dullness and poor growth. Turtle was being provided with commercial feed and clinical examination revealed conjunctivitis along with blepharitis and blepharoedema. Turtle was diagnosed with Hypovitaminosis A and supplemented with injectable and oral Vitamin A resulting in complete recovery within fifteen days.
      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 547 - 549
       
  • News and Views

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      Abstract:
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 1 - 2

      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 1 - 2
       
  • Authors Index

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      Abstract:
      INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 3 - 5

      Citation: INTAS POLIVET 2020 21(2): 3 - 5
       
 
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