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AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0974-8520 - ISSN (Online) 0976-9382
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [444 journals]
  • Pharmacodynamic appraisal of wound-healing herbs of Sushruta Samhita

    • Authors: Vishal Kumar, Tanuja Manoj Nesari, Shivani Ghildiyal, Rahul Sherkhane
      Pages: 1 - 18
      Abstract: Vishal Kumar, Tanuja Manoj Nesari, Shivani Ghildiyal, Rahul Sherkhane
      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2021 42(1):1-18
      Background: In Sushruta Samhita, various medicinal plants as single and compound formulations having Vrana-Shodhana (wound cleansing) and Vrana-Ropana (wound healing) potential are enumerated. There are no published data available on these wound-healing medicinal plants of Sushruta Samhita. The effectivee management of wound is necessary in the immunocompromised and chronic wounds patients as they take more time to heal. Aim: To review and systematically analyze wound-healing medicinal plants and their modus-operandi on the basis of pharmacodynamics attributes, i.e., Rasa (taste), Veerya (potency), and Vipaka (biotransformation) in the various stages of healing. Materials and methods: Review of Sushruta Samhita was done to gather wound-healing medicinal plants; pharmacodynamics attributes were gatherd from various Nighantus to understand their role in wound healing. The contemporary information about wound-healing mechanism was gathered from PubMed to interpitate the rational use of plants in the various stages of wound healing. Results: The study suggests that 43 medicinal plants have Vrana-Shodhana activity, 48 have Vrana-Ropana and 62 have both Vrana-Shodhana and Vrana-Ropana potential. Medicinal plants with Vrana-Shodhana category are having predominance of Katu (pungent), Tikta (bitter) and Kashaya (astriengent) Rasa. Plants under Vrana-Ropana are having Madhura, Kashaya Rasa (sweet taste), Madhura Vipaka (sweet biotransform) and Sheeta Veerya (cold potency). Conclusion: Plants having Tikta, Kashaya Rasa, Katu Vipaka, and Sheeta Veerya may be useful in the inflammatory stage, plants having Madhura, Kashaya Rasa and Sheeta Veerya may be useful in the prolifiratory stage and plants having Madhura Rasa, Sheeta Veerya, and Madhura Vipaka may be useful in the remodeling stage. The present review will help to give the directions to the researchers for the development of effective wound-healing medicines for wounds.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2021 42(1):1-18
      PubDate: Wed,7 Dec 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/ayu.AYU_34_20
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Efficacy of external application of oil and gel dosage forms of
           Aragvadhadi formulation in combination with Rasayana Churna in the
           management of Shwitra (vitiligo) - An open-labeled comparative clinical
           trial

    • Authors: Sarika Makwana, Dipali Parekh, Prashant Bedarkar, Biswajyoti Patgiri
      Pages: 19 - 29
      Abstract: Sarika Makwana, Dipali Parekh, Prashant Bedarkar, Biswajyoti Patgiri
      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2021 42(1):19-29
      Introduction: Aragvadhadi Taila (ART) is one of the herbomineral formulations mentioned in Chakradatta indicated in Shwitra (vitiligo). Modification of Taila form into gel form reduces the risk of contamination in view of arsenical contents (Manahshila, Haratala) assures precise dose administration at desired site (by avoiding spreading). The gel is a comparatively acceptable dosage form than that of medicated oil. Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the comparative efficacy of Aragvadhadi formulation in Taila (ART: Aragvadhadi Taila) and gel (ARG: Aragvadhadi gel) dosage forms with the internal administration of Rasayana Churna in the management of Shwitra. Materials and methods: The study was a randomized open labeled, involving 66 patients of Shwitra that were randomly divided into two groups. Patients registered in group A (n = 34) were treated with local applications of ART and group B (n = 32) with ARG for 2 months. Rasayana Churna (3 g), along with the equal quantity of honey and Ghrita was given twice a day after the meal in both groups. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was applied to evaluate the effect of therapy in the individual group for subjective criteria like vitiligo area scoring index score, size and number of patches, Rukshata (dryness), Saparidaha (burning sensation), Bahalatva (thickening), Kandu (itching) while the comparison of results between the groups for the same by applying Coefficient of Variation (CV). Results: Group B showed better and consistent results in all signs and symptoms except Rukshata, Saparidaha in terms of Coefficient of Variation. In both the groups, statistically highly significant improvement was found in signs and symptoms of Shwitra such as Saparidaha, Kandu, size of patches and number of patches; however, the difference between the groups was statistically insignificant. Conclusion: Both the forms (ART, ARG) of Aragvadhadi formulation along with Rasayana Churna were found as a safe and effective treatment in vitiligo with significant pigment regeneration capacity as topical use for application over 2 months.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2021 42(1):19-29
      PubDate: Wed,7 Dec 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/ayu.AYU_323_20
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Efficacy of Vamana Karma (therapeutic emesis) followed by Darvyadi Kwatha
           (herbal decoction) in the management of prediabetes (Prameha) - A
           single-arm clinical trial

    • Authors: Uttamram Yadav, Santosh Kumar Bhatted
      Pages: 30 - 34
      Abstract: Uttamram Yadav, Santosh Kumar Bhatted
      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2021 42(1):30-34
      Background: Prediabetes is an alarming condition to control and prevent from developing diabetes mellitus which occurs due to the change in lifestyle and food habits. Timely untreated prediabetes turn into type-2 diabetes mellitus within a year and systemic complications such as retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy could occur and in later stage multi system damage could take place. Aims: The ai of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of Vamana Karma (therapeutic emesis) with Ikshuvaku Yoga and followed by oral administration of Darvyadi Kwatha (herbal decoction) in the management of prediabetes. Materials and methods: After approval of IEC and registration under clinical trial registry of India, 20 patients suffering from prediabetes were registered in the trial. Diagnosis criteria were hemoglobin A1c (HBA1c), fasting blood sugar (FBS) and postprandial blood sugar (PPBS), and assessment criteria includes HBA1c, FBS, PPBS, along with improvement in Agnibala (strength of digestion and metabolism), Dehabala (physical strength) and Satvabala (mental strength), relief sign and symptom of prediabetes (Prameha), and improvement in quality of life (SF-36 Score). Classical Vamana Karma followed by oral administration of Darvyadi Kwatha was done. Total duration of treatment was 45 days and last follow-up was done on the 120th day. Student's t– test was used for the analysis of parametric data. Results: After the treatment were observed that there is improvement in subjective as well as in objective parameters. Statistically highly significant result was observed in HBA1c (BT [day 0] Mean score 6.25 and AT [day 120] 5.63 [P < 0.001]), FBS (BT [day 0] mean score 120.05 and AT [day 120] 93.31 [P < 0.001]) and PPBS (BT [day 0] mean score 165.26 and AT [day 120] 112.84 [P < 0.001]), sign and symptoms of Prameha, Dehabala, Agnibala, Satvabala, and quality of life (SF-36 Score). Conclusion: The present clinical study concludes that therapeutic emesis (bio purification) followed by Darvyadi Kwatha as internal medicine shows significant result in treating prediabetes (Prameha) safely and effectively also control and prevent developing diabetes mellitus. None of the patient converted to diabetes mellitus on the day 120.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2021 42(1):30-34
      PubDate: Wed,7 Dec 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/ayu.ayu_417_20
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The efficacy of diet supplemented with Lepidium sativum (Chandrashoor) on
           expressed breast milk volume in hypogalactic mothers – An open-label
           noncross-over randomized trial

    • Authors: Manjiri Ranade, Nikhil Mudgalkar
      Pages: 35 - 38
      Abstract: Manjiri Ranade, Nikhil Mudgalkar
      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2021 42(1):35-38
      Background: Hypogalactia is the common condition, especially in preterm deliveries. Some herbs in Indian medicines such as Lepidium sativum L. (L. sativum) have galactogogeus effects. The galactogogeus effect of L. sativum (Chandrashoora) has not been quantified in randomized control trials in humans till date. We intend to study the galactogogeus effects of L. sativum in hypogalactic mothers through an open-label noncross-over trial. Materials and methods: The target population were women who had delivered infants <32 weeks gestation with no lower limit to gestational age and their babies admitted in neonatal intensive care unit for prematurity. Participants who were taking specific drugs as a result of their primary illnesses, such as chemotherapy, sedatives, or antiseziure medications, were excluded. The randomization was achieved with computer-generated random number table. The experimental group (n = 23) received 2.5 g of L. sativum (Chandrashoora) seeds each day, soaked in luke warm water for half an hour in the morning, along with instructions about how to take the seeds. The control group did not receive any medication (n = 23). According to the institutional procedure, participants were trained to express breast milk six times using a breast pump. The amount of milk extracted was measured every day for 28 days. The difference in milk production between the two groups at 28 days was the primary endpoint. The secondary endpoint was to asses if any of the trial medicines had any adverse drug effects. Results: A total of 46 participants completed the study till 28 days. In both groups, demographic factors were comparable. The study group surpassed the control group in terms of breast milk volume slowly and reached statistical significance (P = 0.00002) after 28 days of therapy. No adverse drug effects were reported by the participants. Conclusion: There was statistically significant improvement in breast milk production at 28 days in hypogalactic mothers in the experimental group. L. sativum can be used as cheap alternatives to costly medicines to improve lactation with minimal costs and no adverse drug reactions.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2021 42(1):35-38
      PubDate: Wed,7 Dec 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/ayu.ayu_457_20
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Relationship between Vedic personality traits (Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas)
           with life satisfaction and perceived stress in healthy university
           students: A cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Shubham Sharma, Praerna Hemant Bhargav, Pooja Singh, Hemant Bhargav, Shivarama Varambally
      Pages: 39 - 44
      Abstract: Shubham Sharma, Praerna Hemant Bhargav, Pooja Singh, Hemant Bhargav, Shivarama Varambally
      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2021 42(1):39-44
      Introduction: Trigunas are three basic mental attributes of a personality according to Indian Vedic literature that explains the relationship between mental attributes and human behavior. The three attributes are Tamas (tendency toward lethargy and rigidity), Rajas (tendency toward ambition and activity) and Sattva (tendency toward selfless service), respectively. Satisfaction with life and perceived stress are the important determinants of one's quality of life. Aim: A cross-sectional study assessed the relationship between Trigunas, life satisfaction and perceived stress. Materials and methods: The study recruited 121 willing healthy university students (75 females) with general health questionnaire scores ≤3. All participants were assessed using standardized psychometric tools. Results: Spearman two-tailed correlation test revealed Sattva to have positive correlation with life satisfaction (r = 0.503) and negative correlation with perceived stress (r = −0.302) and other two Gunas (Tamas: R = −0.77; Rajas: R = −0.75), respectively. On the other hand, both Rajas and Tamas correlated positively with perceived stress (Rajas: R = 0.183; Tamas: R = 0.321) and negatively with life satisfaction (Rajas: R = −0.40; Tamas: R = −0.36). Conclusion: This cross-sectional study on university students in India suggests an association of Vedic personality traits (Sattva, Rajas and Tamas Gunas) with life satisfaction, and perceived stress.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2021 42(1):39-44
      PubDate: Wed,7 Dec 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/ayu.ayu_98_21
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Evaluation of Vrikshayurveda treatments on physiological attributes and
           production of diterpenoids in Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees.

    • Authors: Gireesh M Ankad, Jagadishchandra Hiremath, Sandeep Ramchandra Pai, Harsha V Hegde
      Pages: 45 - 51
      Abstract: Gireesh M Ankad, Jagadishchandra Hiremath, Sandeep Ramchandra Pai, Harsha V Hegde
      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2021 42(1):45-51
      Background: An ancient text on plant life Vrikshayurveda mentions the use of horticulture treatments, Kunapa Jala (KJ) and Panchagavya (PG) (cow milk, cow ghee, cow curd, cow dung, and cow urine) to enhance the efficiency of plants. Aim: An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of KJ and PG application on total leaf area, leaf area index (LAI) leaf area duration (LAD), crop growth rate (CGR), relative growth rate (RGR), and net assimilation rate (NAR); production of andrographolide (A1), neoandrographolide (A2), and 14-deoxy-11,12-didehydroandrographolide (A3) of the Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees. Materials and methods: The experiment was conducted in randomized block design with six treatments, namely control, KJ, PG, farmyard manure, inorganic fertilizer, and humic acid. Simultaneous detection of contents was carried out using reversed-phase-ultra-flow liquid chromatography (RP-UFLC). The parameters were studied at 30, 60, 90, and 120 days after sowing (DAS). Results: KJ produced higher leaf area and LAI at 90 DAS, LAD between 90 and 120 DAS. PG produced higher CGR, RGR, and NAR between 60 and 90 DAS. RP-UFLC analysis revealed the maximum amount of ingredients at 120 DAS. At this stage, PG treatment recorded the maximum amount of A1, A2, and A3. Conclusion: Kunapa Jala and Panchagavya treatments were better or at par on physiological parameters and production of diterpenoids of A. paniculata.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2021 42(1):45-51
      PubDate: Wed,7 Dec 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/ayu.ayu_311_21
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • A comparative diuretic evaluation of fruit and root of Gokshura (Tribulus
           terrestris Linn.) in albino rats

    • Authors: Ankitha Sudheendran, MA Shajahan, S Premlal
      Pages: 52 - 56
      Abstract: Ankitha Sudheendran, MA Shajahan, S Premlal
      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2021 42(1):52-56
      Background: Gokshura Moola (root of Tribulus terrestris Linn.) is one among the ingredients of Dashamoola, a group of ten medicinal plants principally comprising roots as the useful part. In practice instead of root, fruit of Gokshura is widely used in most of the preparations of Dashamoola in Kerala. Dashamoola occupies a significant role in a wide range of Ayurvedic formulations and holds a major share in the drug manufacturing industry. This high demand of Dashamoola, leads the use of fruit instead of its root and implies the need to compare the efficacy of root and fruit of Gokshura. Aim: This study is planned to assess whether fruit of Gokshura can be substituted for its root using the parameter of diuretic activity in Wistar albino rats. Materials and methods: Wistar albino rats were divided in to four groups. The group I control group and group II standard group was orally administered with carboxymethyl cellulose 2% in normal saline and furosemide (20 mg/kg) respectively. Group III was administered orally with decoction of Gokshura root and groups IV with Gokshura fruit decoction, with a dose of 8.64 ml/kg. The diuretic effect was evaluated by measuring urine volume, Na+, K+ and Cl− ion content in urine. The results were analyzed by applying one-way ANOVA and LSD Post hoc pairwise comparison test. Results: Both test drugs in group III and group IV provided significant increase in urine output when compared to the control group (P < 0.001). Decoction of Gokshura root provided a significant increase in comparison to decoction of Gokshura fruit in regards of sodium (P < 0.01), potassium (P < 0.001), and chloride ion (P < 0.05) excretion. Conclusion: Diuretic action of both root and fruit of Gokshura is similar in terms of urine volume, but root is more effective in the basis of ionic excretion. Hence, while treating patients suffering from ionic imbalance, it is better to use fruit of Gokshura for protecting the ionic balance during diuresis. In all other conditions, root can be used for a better diuretic activity.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2021 42(1):52-56
      PubDate: Wed,7 Dec 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/ayu.AYU_154_17
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Antifertility effect of methanolic extract of Butea monosperma (Lam.)
           Taub. flower in male albino rats

    • Authors: Shaista Parween, Hena Kausar, Imtiyaz Alam, Shamshun Nehar
      Pages: 57 - 66
      Abstract: Shaista Parween, Hena Kausar, Imtiyaz Alam, Shamshun Nehar
      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2021 42(1):57-66
      Background: Search for an effective, feasible, and safe male contraceptive has been one of the major public health challenges. The present contraceptive methods are either permanent or impractical. Herbal methods are considered safe, and thus, their acceptability is higher than other prospective methods. Aims: In the present study, oral administration of methanolic extract of Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub. flower was investigated for its potential role in the modulation of fertility in male albino rats. Materials and methods: Healthy male albino rats were randomly distributed into three groups, i.e., a control and two groups administered with 50 and 500 mg/kg body weight/day of methanolic extract of B. monosperma flower for 30, 90, and 180 days, respectively. Fertility records were maintained throughout the experimental period. At the end of experiment, animals were sacrificed and the weight of reproductive organs, sperm characteristics, and histopathology of testicular and epididymal tissues were evaluated. A 45-day withdrawal period was also investigated for parameters as described above for each group. Results: A 40% decline in fertility rate was evident in rats administered with 500 mg/kg of B. monosperma flower extract for 180 consecutive days. A significant reduction in testicular and epididymal weight was observed in these animals. Sperm count, motility, and viability were also reduced significantly in animals treated for 180 days. Histological evaluation of testicular cells indicated distortions in germ cell arrangements at various stages of spermatogenesis. Following 45 days of withdrawal, the resumption of normal functional and histological characteristics was apparent. Conclusion: Based on the abnormalities present in the sperm characteristics and damages in testicular histology, it was confirmed that methanolic extract of B. monosperma flower contain antifertility potential.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2021 42(1):57-66
      PubDate: Wed,7 Dec 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/ayu.AYU_91_20
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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