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  Subjects -> ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE (Total: 106 journals)
Showing 1 - 15 of 15 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acupuncture in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Advanced Herbal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Alternative & Integrative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Alternative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alternative Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anales de Hidrología Médica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arteterapia. Papeles de arteterapia y educación artística para la inclusión social     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Plant Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Australian Journal of Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of Herbal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Music Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Chinese Herbal Medicines     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Medicine and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cognitive Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Complementary Therapies in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Deutsche Heilpraktiker-Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Erfahrungsheilkunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Medicinal Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Fitoterapia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Global Journal of Integrated Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine     Open Access  
Global Journal of Traditional Medicine     Open Access  
Herba Polonica     Open Access  
Herbal Medicines Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Ayurveda and lntegrative Medicine Klue     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovare Journal of Ayurvedic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intas Polivet     Full-text available via subscription  
Integrative Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of High Dilution Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
International Journal of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ipnosi     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Applied Arts and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Asian Natural Products Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Ayurveda Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of AYUSH :- Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Dance Medicine & Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Drug Research in Ayurvedic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Fasting and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ginseng Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Science and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Sciences Scholarship     Open Access  
Journal of Herbal Drugs (An International Journal on Medicinal Herbs)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Herbal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Herbal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Integrative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Integrative Medicine & Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Medicinal Plants for Economic Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicinally Active Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Natural Remedies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nutraceuticals and Herbal Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Research in Ayurvedic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Australian Traditional-Medicine Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Médecine Palliative     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Medical Acupuncture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Medicines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mersin Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Lokman Hekim Tıp Tarihi ve Folklorik Tıp Dergisi     Open Access  
Muller Journal of Medical Sciences and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Natural solutions     Full-text available via subscription  
Natural Volatiles & Essential Oils     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Natural Products and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
OA Alternative Medicine     Open Access  
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Research Journal of Medicinal Plant     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research Journal of Pharmacognosy     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Acupuntura     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Journal of Plant and Soil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Synfacts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Traditional & Kampo Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Traditional Medicine Journal     Open Access  
World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion     Full-text available via subscription  
World Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine     Open Access  
Yoga Mimamsa     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Zeitschrift für Orthomolekulare Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)

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Journal Cover
Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.159
Number of Followers: 12  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1465-3753 - ISSN (Online) 2042-7166
Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1763 journals]
  • Effect of Cinepazide Maleate on Serum Inflammatory Factors of ICU Patients
           with Severe Cerebral Hemorrhage after Surgery

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      Abstract: Objective. To explore the effect of cinepazide maleate on serum inflammatory factors of intensive care unit (ICU) patients with severe cerebral hemorrhage after surgery. Methods. 116 ICU patients with severe cerebral hemorrhage treated in Taian Maternal and Child Health Hospital from June 2018 to June 2020 were selected as the research objects and randomly divided into the control group and experimental group, with 58 patients in each group. The control group was given routine treatment, while the experimental group was additionally given an intravenous drip of cinepazide maleate to compare the clinical efficacy and serum inflammatory factors between the two groups. Results. The total effective rate in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group (). After treatment, the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), and Fugl-Meyer scores in both groups were better than those before treatment, and the scores in the experimental group were better than those in the control group (). The oxidative stress indexes such as total antioxidant capacity (T-Aoc), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group, while malondialdehyde (MDA) in the experimental group was lower than that in the control group (). The high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels in the experimental group were lower than those in the control group (). Compared with the control group, the cerebrovascular function in the experimental group was significantly improved (), with statistically significant differences. Conclusion. Cinepazide maleate can effectively reduce the serum inflammatory factor levels of ICU patients with severe cerebral hemorrhage after surgery, alleviate the oxidative stress response in the body, and improve the cerebrovascular function and cerebral nerve function, which is worthy of clinical promotion.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Oct 2021 12:05:00 +000
       
  • Clinical Evaluation of Pinggan Yiqi Yangshen Recipe Combined with
           Labetalol Hydrochloride and Magnesium Sulfate in the Treatment of PIH

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      Abstract: Background. To observe the clinical effect of Pinggan Yiqi Yangshen recipe combined with labetalol hydrochloride and magnesium sulfate in the treatment of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). Methods. A total of 126 patients with PIH diagnosed in our hospital from January 2016 to May 2018 were randomly divided into the control group and the experimental group, with 63 cases in each group. The control group was treated with labetalol combined with magnesium sulfate. On the basis of the control group, the experimental group was treated with Pinggan Yiqi Yangshen recipe. Clinical efficacy, blood pressure, renal function, and biochemical indexes were compared between the two groups. Moreover, pregnancy outcomes and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups. Results. After treatment, the total effective rate in the experimental group was higher than in the control group. Blood pressure and mean arterial pressure in the experimental group were more significantly downregulated than the control group. Renal function indexes and biochemical indexes in the experimental group were more significant than those in the control group. The incidence of cesarean section, preterm birth, and abnormal fetal heart rate in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group. There was no difference in the incidence of fetal distress, postpartum hemorrhage, neonatal asphyxia, and adverse reactions between the two groups. Conclusion. Pinggan Yiqi Yangshen recipe combined with labetalol hydrochloride and magnesium sulfate can effectively reduce the blood pressure of patients with PIH, help patients to return to normal levels of biochemical indexes and renal function indexes, and improve pregnancy outcomes with high safety, which is worthy of further promotion and application in clinical practice.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Oct 2021 12:05:00 +000
       
  • Effect of Tongluozhitong Prescription-Assisted Intra-Articular Injection
           of Sodium Hyaluronate on VAS Score and Knee Lysholm Score in Patients with
           Knee Osteoarthritis

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      Abstract: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) has become one of the leading causes of workforce loss in the middle-aged and elderly population and a global public health problem second only to cardiovascular disease, so we need to find more effective treatments for this disease. In this study, we selected 120 patients with KOA admitted to our hospital from June 2018 to December 2020 and divided them into treatment group 1, treatment group 2, and joint group according to the random number table method, with 40 patients in each group. Treatment group 1 was treated with Tongluozhitong prescription dip-soaking therapy, treatment 2 group was treated with intra-articular injection of sodium hyaluronate, and the joint group was treated with a combination of both modalities for 4 weeks in all three groups. Clinical efficacy, visual analogue scale (VAS), Lysholm knee score (LKS), activity of daily living score (ADL), the levels of bone metabolic markers such as cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), type II collagen degradation maker (CTX-II), and matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3), and the levels of inflammatory mediators such as interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were used as observations to compare and analyze the therapeutic effects of the three treatment regimens in KOA patients. The results showed that the clinical excellence rates of the joint group, treatment group 1, and treatment group 2 were 72.50%, 50.00%, and 90.00%, respectively, with statistically significant differences between any two comparisons. After treatment, VAS scores, serum COMP, CTX-II, MMP-3, IL-1β, TNF-α, and hs-CRP levels decreased in all three groups, and the levels of each index were as follows: joint group  treatment group 2, with statistically significant differences in any two groups compared. None of the patients in the three groups experienced any significant adverse effects during treatment. This suggests that the dip-soaking therapy of Tongluozhitong prescription is more advantageous than intra-articular sodium hyaluronate injection treatment in suppressing the level of serum bone metabolic markers and inflammatory mediators, reducing pathological joint damage, relieving symptoms of pain, alleviating degenerative joint symptoms, and improving knee function in KOA patients. The combination of the two in KOA patients can significantly improve the efficacy and has a good safety profile.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Oct 2021 11:50:01 +000
       
  • Cost-Effectiveness of Oral Antidiabetic Drugs: A Prospective Multicenter
           Study of Real-World Patients

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      Abstract: This real-world, multicenter, prospective study aims to analyze the cost-effectiveness of prevalent oral antidiabetic drugs, including traditional Chinese medicine and its compounds, used in China. Type 2 diabetes patients initiated on one or several of the most prevalent antidiabetic drugs were recruited on the baseline and followed up over one year with no restriction on drug discontinuation, switching, and add-on. Different drugs were evaluated on their efficacy, adverse effect (AE), health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and cost. Treatments were defined as the intent-to-treat in the primary analysis and on-treatment in the sensitivity analyses. A rich set of patients’ baseline characteristics was collected and controlled using the multivariate linear model in the primary analysis and inverse probability weighting and double selection—a machine learning algorithm—in the sensitivity analyses. Estimates of “raw” outcomes, which are not adjusted by covariates and calculated as subgroup means, show that the use of Xiaoke Pill alone and in combination is among the most effective therapies with 50% and 54% of patients reaching the control target of HbA1c 
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Oct 2021 10:05:01 +000
       
  • Safety of Different Anesthesia Methods Combined with Intravenous Fast
           Channel Anesthesia in Lower Extremity Orthopedic Surgery of the Elderly

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      Abstract: Objective. To compare the safety of different anesthesia methods combined with intravenous fast channel anesthesia in elderly lower extremity surgery and the effect on postoperative outcome. Methods. A total of 106 elderly patients who underwent lower extremity orthopedic surgery in our hospital from February 2018 to February 2021 were selected and randomly divided into the control group (n = 53) and the observation group (n = 53) according to random number table. All patients received intravenous fast-track anesthesia. On this basis, the control group received spinal-epidural anesthesia, and the observation group received iliac fascial space block on the affected side combined with sciatic nerve block. The operation conditions, blood pressure and heart rate changes, awakening time, postoperative ICU admission rate, and complications were compared between the two groups. Results. There was no statistical difference in the success rate of one-time operation between the two groups (). The times of using analgesics and vasoactive drugs and the dosage of propofol in the observation group during the operation were lower than those in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (). At T2, T3, and T4, the levels of HR, DBP, and SBP in the observation group were lower than those in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (). After operation, the time of awakening, spontaneous breathing recovery, and extubation in the observation group were lower than those in the control group, and the difference were statistically significant (). The incidence of complications in the observation group was lower than that in the control group, the cognitive impairment was the most significant one in the incidence of single complication, and the difference was statistically significant ().Conclusion. Based on the combined intravenous fast channel anesthesia, the operation difficulty of the affected side iliac fascial space block combined with sciatic nerve block is the same as that of spinal-epidural anesthesia. It has a higher success rate of one operation, better analgesic and anesthetic effects during the operation, and little effect on blood flow of patients. It can maintain relatively stable heart rate and blood pressure and does not easily cause postoperative complications. Its safety is higher than that of spinal-epidural anesthesia.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Oct 2021 10:05:00 +000
       
  • UPLC/ESI-MS Phytochemical Screening of Deverra tortuosa Haematological and
           Histopathological Studies and Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes in Rat

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      Abstract: Herbal plants represent a new source of hypoglycemic antidiabetic drugs; haematological and histopathological studies of methanol extract of Deverra tortuosa in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were investigated in vivo. A single intraperitoneal injection of 160 mg/kg bodyweights of streptozotocin was used to cause diabetes. Blood glucose levels were tested with an AccuCheck Advantage II glucometer and blood glucose test strips. After diabetes was confirmed, animals were orally treated with the extract, metformin, and insulin according to the experimental design. After extract therapy, histological alterations in the pancreas of diabetic rats were investigated. When compared to a control group, daily oral administration of D. tortuosa extract (300 mg/kg body weight) plus metformin (100 mg/kg) had a positive effect on blood glucose levels as well as showed an increased number of white blood cells (WBCs) and red blood cells (RBCs). The treatment with the extract for two weeks showed a positive impact on pancreatic histopathological changes in the groups with the diabetic rats. Phenolic fraction of the methanol extract was screened by the liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy (LC-MS) method, which unveiled the existence of flavonoid compounds and phenolics as kaempferol, rutin, isorhamnetin-3-O-rutinoside, caffeic acid, and 4-hydroxybenzoic acid 4-O-glucoside. The results confirmed the use of the plant as an antidiabetic agent; the research recommended further studies on the plant to use the plant as an antidiabetic drug, where the plant extract also showed improvement in blood parameters.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Oct 2021 08:35:01 +000
       
  • Exploration of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen in Treating Insomnia Based on
           Network Pharmacology Strategy

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      Abstract: Ziziphi Spinosae Semen (ZSS) is a common natural medicine used to treat insomnia, and to show clearly its method of action, we managed and did an in-depth discussion. Network pharmacology research is very suitable for the analysis of multiple components, multiple targets, and multiple pathways of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). According to the relevant theory, we first carefully collected and screened the active ingredients in ZSS and received 11 active ingredients that may work. The targets going along with these active components were also strongly related to insomnia targets, 108 common genes were identified, and drug-compound-gene symbol-disease visualization network and protein-protein interaction network were constructed. Forty-eight core genes were identified by PPI analysis and subjected to GO functional analysis with KEGG pathway analysis. The results of GO analysis pointed that there were 998 gene ontology items for the treatment of insomnia, including terms of 892 biological processes, 47 cellular components, and 59 molecular functions. It mainly shows the coupling effect and transport mode of some proteins in the biological pathways of ZSS in the treatment of insomnia and explains the mechanism of action through the connection between the target and the cell biomembrane. KEGG enrichment analyzed 19 signaling pathways, which were collectively classified into seven categories. We have identified the potential pathways of ZSS against insomnia and obtained the regulatory relationship between core genes and pathways and know that the same target can be regulated by multiple components at the same time. The results of molecular docking also prove this conclusion. We sought to provide a new analytical approach to explore TCM treatments for diseases using network pharmacology analysis tools.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Oct 2021 08:35:00 +000
       
  • Changes and Influencing Factors of Cognitive Impairment in Patients with
           Breast Cancer

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      Abstract: Objective. To investigate the changes in cognitive function and its influencing factors in patients with breast cancer after chemotherapy, to provide a scientific basis for further cognitive correction therapy. Methods. In this study, general information on age, marital status, and chemotherapy regimen was collected from 172 breast cancer chemotherapy patients. 172 patients with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy were investigated by convenience sampling method, and the subjects were tested one-on-one using the Chinese version of the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) computer system. Results. The mean value of standardized t-value of cognitive function and its abnormal dimensions in breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy were MCCB total cognition (66.3%, 36.99 ± 13.06, abnormal), working memory (73.3%, 36.84 ± 10.25), attention and alertness (70.3%, 37.20 ± 12.50), social cognition (65.1%, 39.54 ± 10.17), and visual memory (61.6%, 42.19 ± 9.38). A comparison of cognitive function among breast cancer chemotherapy patients with different demographic characteristics showed that differences in place of residence, educational level, monthly income, timing of chemotherapy, chemotherapy regimen, and chemotherapy times may be associated with abnormal cognitive function. Further multiple linear regression analysis was performed and the results showed that there was a linear regression between literacy, number of chemotherapy sessions, monthly personal income, and cognitive function. Conclusion. Cognitive impairment is common in patients with breast cancer after chemotherapy. Nurses should pay attention to the cognitive function changes and intervention of patients with breast cancer after chemotherapy, to prevent the changes of cognitive function and promote the rehabilitation of patients.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Oct 2021 07:35:01 +000
       
  • Effect of Epidural Dexmedetomidine as an Adjuvant to Local Anesthetics for
           Labor Analgesia: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

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      Abstract: Background. This study aims to determine the analgesic effect and safety of dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant to epidural local anesthetics during labor. Methods. Randomized controlled trials comparing epidural blocks with or without dexmedetomidine for labor analgesia were comprehensively searched. Review manager 5.4 was used to analyze the extracted data. Results. Compared with placebo and opioids, dexmedetomidine relieved labor pain of 15 min (), 30 min (), and 120 min () after block and at the moment of fetal disengagement (), decreased mean arterial pressure of 120 min (), heart rate of 30 min (), 60 min (), and 120 min () after block, blood loss (), and the incidence of nausea/vomiting (), and increased the incidence of maternal bradycardia (). However, sensitivity analysis only found that the incidence of nausea/vomiting was significantly different. Compared with placebo, dexmedetomidine relieved labor pain of 30 min after block () and did not increase the incidences of side effects, but only two studies were enrolled. Compared with opioids, dexmedetomidine decreased the incidence of nausea/vomiting (), increased the incidence of maternal bradycardia (), and had a similar effect on labor pain relief; however, sensitivity analysis found that significant difference existed only at the incidence of nausea/vomiting. Other outcomes from meta-analysis or subgroup analysis were not different. Conclusions. Epidural dexmedetomidine has the potential to offer a better analgesic effect than placebo, similar labor pain control to opioids, and has no definite adverse effects on the parturient or fetus, but more high-quality studies are needed to confirm these conclusions.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Oct 2021 07:20:00 +000
       
  • The Effect of Probiotics in Stroke Treatment

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      Abstract: Objective. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the curative effect of probiotics combined with enteral nutrition (EN) in patients with stroke. Methods. We retrieved randomized controlled trials and case-controlled trials on the use of probiotics for stroke treatment from PubMed, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang, and Weipu databases. Retrieval times were from the databases’ inception to November 6, 2020. Two researchers conducted a strict evaluation of the literature quality and extracted the data, which were then entered into RevMan 5.3 for meta-analysis. Results. Twenty-three articles were included, including 1,816 patients. The meta-analysis revealed that probiotics combined with EN did not reduce NIHSS scores of patients with stroke (). However, it did shorten hospital stays and bedrest periods (). Probiotics combined with EN also improved patients’ nutritional status and increased hemoglobin, albumin, serum total protein, and physical and chemical properties of prealbumin (). In terms of relieving inflammation, we found that probiotics combined with EN reduced neither high-sensitivity C-reactive protein nor procalcitonin (). However, it did cause a significant reduction in TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10. Probiotics combined with EN significantly reduced esophageal reflux, bloating, constipation, diarrhea, gastric retention, and gastrointestinal bleeding. It relieved intestinal stress and reduced the occurrence of adverse reactions such as esophageal reflux, bloating, constipation, diarrhea, gastric retention, and gastrointestinal bleeding (). In terms of reducing stroke complications, probiotics combined with EN reduced the incidence of lung, gastrointestinal, and urinary tract infections (). It also reduced fatality rates and intestinal flora imbalance rates ().Conclusion. The probiotics combined with EN group’s therapeutic effects were superior to those of the EN alone. Thus, probiotics combined with EN is worthy of both clinical application and promotion in stroke treatment.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Oct 2021 07:05:00 +000
       
  • Development of the 8-Item Phlegm Pattern Questionnaire (PPQ-8) Using Rasch
           Analysis

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      Abstract: The 25-item Phlegm Pattern Questionnaire (PPQ) has been widely used to examine the relationship between the phlegm pattern (PP), quality of life, tongue colour, vocal qualities, and dysfunctional breathing. However, the concerns of response burden and differences in the respondent’s abilities or item difficulty for the original version of the PPQ have not been sufficiently addressed. This study aimed to develop a short-form PPQ using Rasch analysis, an item response theory. Based on the retrospective data, the response order, differential item functioning (DIF), dimensionality, reliability, concurrent validity, and fitting errors were examined for 291 normal participants and 61 inpatients. The discriminative ability of the short-form PPQ was examined using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Along with Rasch analysis, another short-form PPQ was developed using equidiscriminative item-total correlation (EITC) analysis and the results between the two short-form PPQs were compared accordingly. Rasch analysis results suggested a 6-point response category for the PPQ, and finally, 8 items without fitting errors or DIF variability were selected for the PPQ (PPQ-8). The PPQ-8 had satisfactory reliability (person separation index = 2.23), unidimensionality (unexplained variance in the first contrast = 1.598), fitting levels (infit mean square, 0.80–1.39; outfit mean square, 0.79–1.34), sensitivity (70.5%), and specificity (76.5%). The PPQ-8 had a moderate discriminative ability of the PP (area under the curve = 0.759), and the cut-off point was 23. Although the 8-item PPQ developed using EITC analysis showed similar levels of reliability, validity, and discriminative ability of the PP to the PPQ-8, it could not present the information of item hierarchy and differences in the respondents’ abilities. In conclusion, the PPQ-8 by Rasch analysis is recommended for future use to evaluate the clinical severity of PP.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Oct 2021 06:50:00 +000
       
  • GuanXinNing Tablet Attenuates Alzheimer’s Disease via Improving Gut
           Microbiota, Host Metabolites, and Neuronal Apoptosis in Rabbits

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      Abstract: Based on accumulating evidence, Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is related to hypercholesterolemia, gut microbiota, and host metabolites. GuanXinNing Tablet (GXN) is an oral compound preparation composed of two Chinese herbs, Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. and Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort., both of which exert neuroprotective effects. Nevertheless, the effect of GXN on AD is unknown. In the present study, we investigated whether GXN alters cholesterol, amyloid-beta (Aβ), gut microbiota, serum metabolites, oxidative stress, neuronal metabolism activities, and apoptosis in an AD model rabbit fed a 2% cholesterol diet. Our results suggested that the GXN treatment significantly reduced cholesterol levels and Aβ deposition and improved memory and behaviors in AD rabbits. The 16S rRNA analysis showed that GXN ameliorated the changes in the gut microbiota, decreased the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio, and improved the abundances of Akkermansia and dgA-11_gut_group. 1H-NMR metabolomics found that GXN regulated 12 different serum metabolites, such as low-density lipoprotein (LDL), trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), and glutamate (Glu). In addition, the 1H-MRS examination showed that GXN remarkably increased N-acetyl aspartate (NAA) and Glu levels while reducing myo-inositol (mI) and choline (Cho) levels in AD rabbits, consequently enhancing neuronal metabolism activities. Furthermore, GXN significantly inhibited oxidative stress and neuronal apoptosis. Taken together, these results indicate that GXN attenuates AD via improving gut microbiota, host metabolites, and neuronal apoptosis.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Oct 2021 06:50:00 +000
       
  • An Exploratory Cohort Study of the Association between the Level of
           Testosterone and Suicidal Ideation in Hospitalized Adolescent Females with
           Depression in China

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      Abstract: Background. To date, around 4 per 100,000 adolescents committed suicide within the 29 OECD countries. The suicidal behavior is related to psychological factors, genetics, neurobiology, and other biomarkers. The aim of this study was to examine risk factors for the development of suicidal ideation in adolescent females with depression, focusing on the relationship between different testosterone levels and suicidal ideation, in order to help develop strategies to intervene in suicidal behavior in female adolescents with depression. Method. In this single-center prospective cohort study, we enrolled adolescent females with depression. We collected information on their baseline data, testosterone levels, symptom self-rating scale scores, suicidal ideation, non-suicidal self-injurious (NSSI) behaviours, and suicide attempts. We used multivariate logistic regression to identify risk factors for the development of suicidal ideation in adolescent females with depression. Results. A total of 113 hospitalized adolescent females were enrolled with a mean age of 13.5 (1.20). Among these patients, there were 86 (76.11%) subjects who suffered from suicidal ideation, 59 (52.21%) had NSSI and 23 (20.35%) had suicide attempt behavior. In the final model, higher level of testosterone () and higher age () were associated with the higher odds of having suicidal ideation. Conclusion. In this exploratory cohort study, the emergence of suicidal ideation was common among adolescent females with depression. This study is consistent with the other studies. It shows that the age is a potential predictor for suicidal ideation in hospitalized adolescent females with depression.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Oct 2021 11:20:00 +000
       
  • Advancing the Regulation of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
           Products: A Comparison of Five Regulatory Systems on Traditional Medicines
           with a Long History of Use

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      Abstract: Background. An appropriate regulatory system to ensure and promote the quality, safety, and efficacy of the products of traditional medicine (TM) and complementary medicine (CM) is critical to not only public health but also economic growth. The regulatory approach and evaluation standards for TM/CM products featured with a long history of use are yet to be developed. This study aims to investigate and compare the existing regulatory approaches for TM/CM products with a long history of use. Method. A mixed approach of documentary analysis involving official and legal documents from official websites, as well as a scoping review of scholarly work in scientific databases about regulatory systems of TM/CM products in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, and Korea, was employed in this study and used for comparison. Results. For registration purposes, all five regulatory systems recognized the history of use as part of the totality of evidence when evaluating the safety and efficacy of TM/CM products with a long history of use. Generally, the list of classic formulas is predefined and bound to the formulas recommended in the prescribed list of ancient medical textbooks. Expedited pathways are usually in place and scientific data of nonclinical and clinical studies may be exempted. At the same time, additional restrictions with the scope of products constitute a comprehensive approach in the regulation. Quality assurance and postmarketing safety surveillance were found to be the major focus across the regulatory schemes investigated in this study. Conclusion. The regulatory systems investigated in this study allow less stringent registration requirements for TM/CM products featured with a long history of use, assuming safety and efficacy to be plausible based on historic use. Considering the safety and efficacy of these products, regulatory standards should emphasize the technical requirements for quality control and postmarket surveillance.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Oct 2021 10:20:01 +000
       
  • Clinical Observation of Levothyroxine Sodium Combined with Selenium in the
           Treatment of Patients with Chronic Lymphocytic Thyroiditis and
           Hypothyroidism and the Effects on Thyroid Function, Mood, and Inflammatory
           Factors

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      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of levothyroxine sodium combined with selenium treatment and single levothyroxine sodium treatment on patients with chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis and hypothyroidism and to analyze the effects of different treatment regimens on patients’ thyroid function, mood, and inflammatory factors, with the aim of providing a reference for clinical treatment. The subjects of the current study were 138 chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis (CLT) patients with hypothyroidism admitted to our hospital from May 2016 to September 2019 and were randomly divided into a control group taking levothyroxine sodium (LT4) treatment and a combined group of LT4 combined with selenium treatment, with 69 cases each. Patients in both groups were evaluated for efficacy after 3 months of treatment, and their thyroid function was observed by total triiodothyronine (TT3), total thyroxine (TT4), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), and thyroid globulin antibody (TGAb), and their mood changes were observed by Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) scores. The levels of inflammatory factors such as interleukin-2 (IL-2), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were measured, and the occurrence of adverse drug reactions during the treatment period was observed and recorded in all patients. The results showed that the total effective rate of the combined group was significantly higher than that of the control group. The levels of TT3, TT4, TSH, TgAb, and TPOAb, SAS and SDS scores, and levels of inflammatory factors such as IL-2, IL-10, and TNF-α were significantly improved in both groups after treatment. Compared with the control group, TGAb, TPOAb, IL-2, TNF-α levels, and SAS and SDS scores decreased more and IL-10 levels increased more in the combined group, while the differences of other indexes were not statistically significant. This suggests that LT4 has certain efficacy in treating CLT with hypothyroidism, and the combined selenium treatment can improve the therapeutic effect of LT4 and can play a greater role in improving patients’ mood and immune and inflammatory responses.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Oct 2021 10:20:01 +000
       
  • Synergistic Antibiofilm Effect of Thymol and Piperine in Combination with
           Aminoglycosides Antibiotics against Four Salmonella enterica Serovars

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      Abstract: Biofilms related to human infection have high levels of pathogenicity due to their resistance to antimicrobial agents. The discovery of antibiofilm agents is necessary. One approach to overcome this problem is the use of antibiotics agents’ combination. This study aimed to determine the efficacy of the combination of natural products thymol and piperine with three aminoglycosides antibiotics, amikacin, kanamycin, and streptomycin against biofilm-forming Salmonella enterica. The microtiter plate assay method was used to evaluate the biofilm-producing capacity of the isolates. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration were determined by the broth microdilution method. The inhibition of biofilm formation and biofilm eradication was determined using the microtiter broth method. The checkerboard method was used to determine the combined effects of natural products with aminoglycosides antibiotics. All the tested isolates showed various levels of biofilm formation. Overall, combinations provided 43.3% of synergy in preventing the biofilm formation and 40% of synergy in eradicating preformed biofilms, and in both cases, no antagonism was observed. The combination of thymol with kanamycin showed a synergistic effect with 16- to 32-fold decrease of the minimum biofilm eradication concentration (MBEC) of kanamycin. The interaction of piperine with amikacin and streptomycin also revealed a synergistic effect with 16-fold reduction of the minimum biofilm inhibitory concentration (MBIC). The combination of thymol with the three antibiotics showed a strong synergistic effect in both inhibiting the biofilm formation and eradicating the preformed biofilm. This study demonstrates that thymol and piperine potentiate the antibiofilm activity of amikacin, kanamycin, and streptomycin. These combinations are a promising approach therapeutic to overcome the problem of Salmonella enterica biofilm-associated infections. In addition, these combinations could help reduce the concentration of individual components, thereby minimizing the nephrotoxicity of aminoglycosides antibiotics.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Oct 2021 10:20:01 +000
       
  • Effect of Electroacupuncture on Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Rats

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      Abstract: Acupuncture has long been used to relieve some inner ear diseases such as deafness and tinnitus. The present study examined the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) in animals. A NIHL rat model was established. Electroacupuncture pretreatment at 2 Hz or posttreatment at the right Zhongzhu (TE3) acupoint was applied for 1 hour. Auditory thresholds were measured using auditory brainstem responses (ABRs), and histopathology of the cochlea was examined. The results indicated that the baseline auditory threshold of ABR was not significantly different between the control (no noise), EA-only (only EA without noise), noise (noise exposure only), pre-EA (pretreating EA then noise), and post-EA (noise exposure then posttreating with EA) groups. Significant auditory threshold shifts were found in the noise, pre-EA, and post-EA groups in the immediate period after noise exposure, whereas auditory recovery was better in the pre-EA and post-EA groups than that in the noise group at the three days, one week (W1), two weeks (W2), three weeks (W3), and four weeks(W4) after noise stimulation. Histopathological examination revealed greater loss of the density of spiral ganglion neurons in the noise group than in the control group at W1 and W2. Although significant loss of spiral ganglion loss happened in pre-EA and post-EA groups, such loss was less than the loss of the noise group, especially W1. These results indicate that either pretreatment or posttreatment with EA may facilitate auditory recovery after NIHL. The detailed mechanism through which EA alleviates NIHL requires further study.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Oct 2021 10:20:01 +000
       
  • The Protective Effect of Ethyl Acetate and n-Butanol Fractions of
           Wine-Steamed Ligustri Lucidi Fructus on Diabetic Nephropathy in Rats

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      Abstract: Ligustri Lucidi Fructus (LLF), the dry and ripe fruit of Ligustrum lucidum W. T. Aiton (Oleaceae), is a traditional Chinese medicine for nourishing the liver and kidney in clinics for thousands of years. Wine-steamed Ligustri Lucidi Fructus (WLL) can alleviate coolness and smoothness of LLF and enhance the function of nourishing the liver and kidney, so ancient and modern medicine usually used it in clinics. First of all, we prepared the extracts of different polar fractions of WLL to explore the effective fractions and potential mechanisms of WLL in the treatment of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Then, HPLC method was used to determine the contents of 12 active components in WLL and its different polar components. Finally, the potential relationship between 12 active components and physicochemical parameters of DN rats was explored. The pharmacological experiments showed that WLL, ethyl acetate (EtOAc), and n-butanol (n-BuOH) extracts not only significantly alleviated the clinical symptoms and kidney damage of DN rats but also had obvious anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. In addition, the results of HPLC analysis showed that the 12 active components of WLL mainly existed in the extracts of EtOAc and n-BuOH. The Pearson correlation analysis showed 12 active components and physicochemical parameters had different degrees of correlation. In conclusion, we proved that the extracts of EtOAc and n-BuOH were the effective fractions of WLL in treating DN in rats, and they could regulate the levels of inflammatory cytokines and decrease oxidation stress, which provides a basis for further research on the mechanism of WLL in treating DN and provides a pharmacological and chemical foundation for the development of new anti-DN drugs.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Oct 2021 10:20:00 +000
       
  • Combined Therapy with Traditional Chinese Medicine and Antiplatelet Drugs
           for Ischemic Heart Disease: Mechanism, Efficacy, and Safety

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      Abstract: Ischemic heart disease is a significant risk factor that threatens human health, and antiplatelet drugs are routinely used to treat cases in clinical settings. Chinese medicine for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis (PBCRBSCM) can often be combined with antiplatelet drugs to treat ischemic heart disease. PBCRBSCM can inhibit platelet adhesion, activation, and aggregation; moreover, PBCRBSCM in combination with antiplatelet drugs exerts antiplatelet effects. The mechanism is related to several factors, including the inhibition of platelet activation and aggregation, improvement of the hemodynamic status and coagulation function, and correction of metabolism and inflammation. PBCRBSCM can also regulate the absorption and metabolism of conventional antiplatelet drugs and protect the gastric mucosal epithelial cells against damage induced by conventional antiplatelet drugs. Randomized controlled trials have confirmed that PBCRBSCM preparations and the active ingredients in these preparations can reduce resistance to aspirin and clopidogrel so that the combination of these drugs can exert their antiplatelet effects. In the perioperative treatment of patients with stable angina pectoris, unstable angina pectoris, and acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention therapy, preparations of the active ingredients of PBCRBSCM combined with antiplatelet drugs and other conventional Western medicine treatments have been proven effective. The efficacy and safety of such combinations have also been extensively verified. Considerable progress has been made to understand the antiplatelet mechanism of PBCRBSCM. However, most clinical studies had problems, such as limited sample size and inappropriate research design, which has limited the translational use of PBCRBSCM in antiplatelet therapy. A large-scale, multicenter, randomized controlled study with cardiovascular events as the endpoint is still to be conducted to provide evidence for the combined application of PBCRBSCM and antiplatelet drugs in the prevention and treatment of ischemic heart disease.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Oct 2021 10:20:00 +000
       
  • Correlation and Diagnostic Value of Serum RBP4 and sRAGE and the Condition
           of Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

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      Abstract: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive damage of renal structure and function caused by various reasons. Its course is long and irreversible. CKD can be divided into 5 stages according to the glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Early detection and early intervention of CKD can reduce the complications of patients and improve the survival rate. Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) is a small molecule transporter. Receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is a multi-ligand transmembrane signal transduction receptor discovered in recent years. Soluble RAGE (sRAGE) is a new splicing heterogeneity of RAGE. Our results show that serum RBP4 is increased while sRAGE is decreased in CKD patients, both of which are closely related to the severity of CKD. The combined use of serum RBP4 and sRAGE has a high diagnostic value for CKD and can provide a reliable diagnostic basis for the clinic.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Oct 2021 08:35:01 +000
       
  • Analysis of Clinical Characteristics of 52 Patients with Uveitis before
           and after Vitrectomy and Factors Affecting Clinical Efficacy

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      Abstract: Objective. To investigate the pre- and postsurgical clinical characteristics and clinical efficacy of patients with uveitis. Methods. The clinical data of patients with uveitis who underwent vitrectomy in our hospital from March 2019 to February 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 52 cases of 64 eyes in total. The data on patient’s gender, age, etiology, course of disease, anatomical classification, number of recurrences, changes in vision before and after surgery, changes in eye signs before and after surgery, and occurrence of postoperative complications were collected. The clinical features before and after vitrectomy were compared, and the influencing factors of clinical efficacy were analyzed. Results. The ocular signs of patients with uveitis after vitrectomy were significantly improved compared with before operation, and the difference was statistically significant (). The visual acuity after vitrectomy in patients with uveitis was significantly improved compared with that before operation, and the difference was statistically significant (). There was no significant difference in the surgical treatment of uveitis patients of different gender, age, and etiology (). There are significant differences in the clinical efficacy of vitrectomy in patients with different anatomical classifications. Among them, patients with panuveitis have the best clinical efficacy with vitrectomy and patients with posterior uveitis have the worst clinical efficacy with vitrectomy (). There is a significant difference in the clinical efficacy of vitrectomy in patients with recurrence times. The lower the number of recurrences, the better the clinical efficacy of vitrectomy in patients ().Conclusion. There are significant differences in the clinical signs of patients with uveitis before and after vitrectomy. Vitrectomy is effective in the treatment of uveitis. The type of anatomy and the number of recurrences are influencing factors for the clinical efficacy of vitrectomy. For patients with posterior uveitis, the surgical method should be carefully considered or a more reasonable treatment method should be selected, and for patients with uveitis with less recurrence, vitrectomy should be considered for active treatment.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Oct 2021 08:35:01 +000
       
  • A Clinical Study on the Treatment of Children’s Short Stature with
           Auxiliary Comprehensive Management Combined with Growth Patch

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      Abstract: Objective. To explore the clinical effect of auxiliary comprehensive management combined with growth patch in the treatment of childhood idiopathic short stature (ISS). Methods. From September 2017 to December 2019, 120 children with ISS who met the selection criteria were collected. Random number table method divided them into 2 groups: one group was given auxiliary comprehensive management and recorded as the routine group (n = 60), and the other group was given auxiliary comprehensive management and combined growth patch treatment and recorded as the combination group (n = 60). The course of treatment was 12 months. The effects of the two methods on children’s height, bone age, body weight, and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 and IGF-binding protein (IGFBP)-3 levels were compared. Results. There was no statistical difference between the two groups in baseline height, genetic height, baseline bone age, baseline body weight, and body weight before and after treatment (). After treatment, the heights of the two groups were higher than before for the same group, the height growth values and predicted adult height of the combination group were higher than those of the routine group, and the predicted adult height of the combination group was higher than the genetic height of the same group . There was no statistical difference in IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 levels before treatment between the two groups (). The levels of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 after treatment in the two groups were higher than those in the same group before treatment, and the combination group was higher than that in the routine group ().Conclusion. On the basis of auxiliary comprehensive management, combined with growth patch for the treatment of children with ISS, it can effectively increase the height of the children, improve the levels of serum IGF-1 and IGFBP-3, and have significant clinical effects, which is beneficial to the healthy growth of the children.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Oct 2021 08:35:00 +000
       
  • Explore the Lipid-Lowering and Weight-Reducing Mechanism of Lotus Leaf
           Based on Network Pharmacology and Molecular Docking

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      Abstract: Objective. To predict the target of the active ingredient of lotus leaf for lowering fat and losing weight. Explore its multicomponent, multitarget, multipath mechanism. Methods. Screen the main active ingredients of lotus leaves through the TCMSP database, and use the TCMSP database to predict the potential targets of the active ingredients. Obtain obesity-related targets from the human genome annotation (GeneCards) database. Use Venn software to take the intersection of the two to obtain the effect target of the lotus leaf lipid-lowering and weight-reducing effects. Use Cytoscape 3.6.0 software to construct an effective ingredient-target network. Use the STRING database to construct an intersection target protein interaction (PPI) network, visualize it with Cytoscape 3.6.0 software, and perform network topology analysis to obtain the core target. Use the DAVID database to perform gene ontology (GO) and metabolic pathway (KEGG) enrichment analysis for the above targets. Use AutoDockTools software for molecular docking to verify the binding strength. Results. A total of 15 main active ingredients such as quercetin, isorhamnetin, sitosterol, and kaempferol were obtained, which can act on 135 targets related to obesity. These targets are significantly enriched in multiple GO and KEGG entries such as hypoxia response, positive regulation of gene expression, response to toxic substances, aging, and positive regulation of RNA polymerase II promoter transcription. Molecular docking shows that flavonoids such as quercetin have better binding to the target protein Akt1. Conclusion. The lipid-lowering and weight-reducing effects of lotus leaf embody the characteristics of multicomponent, multitarget, and multipathway of traditional Chinese medicine, which provides a certain scientific basis for the screening and in-depth study of the effective ingredients of lotus leaf.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Oct 2021 06:50:00 +000
       
  • Change of Levels of NGF, ACTH, and AVP in the Cerebrospinal Fluid after
           Decompressive Craniectomy of Craniocerebral Injury and Their Relationship
           with Communicating Hydrocephalus

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      Abstract: In recent years, the incidence of craniocerebral trauma has increased, making it one of the important causes of death and disability in neurosurgery patients. The decompressive craniectomy (DC) after severe craniocerebral injury has become the preferred treatment for patients with severe craniocerebral injury, but the incidence of postoperative hydrocephalus has become a difficult problem in clinical treatment. This study observed the changes of nerve growth factor (NGF), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), and arginine vasopressin (AVP) levels in the CSF after DC in patients with craniocerebral injury and analyzed the relationship between the three indicators and communicating hydrocephalus. The results showed that the levels of NGF, ACTH, and AVP in patients with cranial injury after DC were significantly higher than those in healthy subjects, and subdural effusion, traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (tSAH), and the levels of NGF, ACTH, and AVP in the CSF were independent risk factors for communicating hydrocephalus. Monitoring the levels of NGF, ACTH, and AVP is of great significance for clinicians to judge the occurrence of traffic hydrocephalus, evaluate the prognosis of patients with craniocerebral injury after DC, and guide clinical treatment.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Oct 2021 06:50:00 +000
       
  • Application Value of Rehabilitation Nursing in Patients with Stroke Based
           on the Theory of Interactive Standard: A Randomized Controlled Study

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      Abstract: Objective. To explore the application value of rehabilitation nursing based on the theory of interactive standards in stroke patients. Methods. A total of 120 stroke patients who were treated in our hospital from December 2018 to September 2020 were selected as the research objects, and the patients were divided into a control group (60 cases) and an observation group (60 cases) according to the random number table method. The control group used routine nursing care, and the observation group used interactive rehabilitation care based on the control group. The Barthel Index, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, Specific Quality Of Life Scale (SS-QOL) score, rehabilitation standard rate, nursing satisfaction, improvement time of limb function, and compliance with rehabilitation exercise were compared between the two groups of patients. Results. After intervention, the Barthel Index of the two groups increased, and the Barthel Index of the observation group was comparatively higher ( 
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Oct 2021 10:35:01 +000
       
  • Carotid Intima-Media Thickness and Ankle-Brachial Index and Their
           Correlation with Coronary Artery Dilatation in Children with Kawasaki
           Disease

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      Abstract: Objective. To investigate the correlation between carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), ankle-brachial index (ABI), and coronary artery dilatation (CAD) in children with Kawasaki disease (KD) and to evaluate the effectiveness of CAD. Methods. A total of 68 children diagnosed with KD from January 2019 to January 2021 in our hospital were included. According to the results of cardiac color Doppler ultrasound, the children with KD were divided into a noncoronary artery dilation group (NCAD), with 41 children with KD who did not have coronary artery lesions, and a coronary artery dilation group (CAD), with 27 children with KD who had coronary artery dilation. 27 healthy children undergoing physical examination in our hospital at the same time were selected as the normal control group. Laboratory index of all subjects was measured individually. The carotid IMT, ABI, and coronary artery diameter of all subjects were measured and compared. Pearson correlation was used to analyze the correlation between carotid IMT, ABI, and the severity of coronary artery disease. The ROC curve was used to evaluate the efficacy of carotid IMT and ABI in predicting coronary artery disease. Results. The ALB of children in the CAD group was lower than that in the NCAD group . The IMT of carotid artery and the diameter of coronary artery in children of the CAD group and the NCAD group were higher than those of the normal control group, and the IMT of the CAD group was higher than that of the NCAD group. The ABI of children in the CAD group and the NCAD group was lower than that of the normal control group, and the ABI of children in the CAD group was lower than that of the NCAD group . Correlation analysis showed that carotid artery IMT of children with KD was positively correlated with coronary artery diameter, while ABI was negatively correlated with coronary artery diameter. The AUC of carotid IMT for CAD in children with KD was 0.668 (95% CI: 0.538–0.797), that of ABI for CAD in children with KD was 0.646 (95% CI: 0.513–0.780), and that of the combination of carotid IMT and ABI for CAD was 0.874 (95% CI: 0.785–0.963). Conclusion. The changes of carotid artery IMT and ABI in children with KD have a certain correlation with CAD, and the joint detection of carotid artery IMT and ABI can provide clinical reference value for predicting the degree of coronary artery disease in children with KD.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Oct 2021 10:35:00 +000
       
  • Expression of Cysteine-Rich Secreted Acidic Protein in Multiple Myeloma
           and Its Effect on the Biological Behavior of Cancer Cells

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      Abstract: The multiple myeloma is a malignant clonal tumor of bone marrow plasma cells that is incurable and inevitably recurrent. The mechanisms of progression include tumor cell metastasis, immune escape, resistance to apoptosis, and malignant proliferation. The cysteine-rich secreted acidic protein is closely related to the growth, development, remodeling, and repair of cells and tissues. In our study, we divided myeloma patients and patients with other blood diseases into groups and measured the cysteine-rich secreted acidic protein (SPARC) content in the serum of different groups of patients as well as the prognostic differences. The U266 cells were transfected with interfering vectors and overexpressed SPARC vectors to determine the physiological functions of MM cells. Our results showed that SPARC was highly expressed in MM and the survival rate of the high SPARC expression group was lower than that of the low expression group. Interfering SPARC vectors inhibited cancer cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and promoted apoptosis. Overexpression of SPARC vectors promoted cancer cell development. SPARC affected the patient’s disease development by regulating the biological behavior of the MM cells.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Oct 2021 10:35:00 +000
       
  • Analysis of the Influence of High-Dose rhGH Therapy on Serum Vitamin D and
           IGF-1 Levels in School-Age Children with Idiopathic Short Stature

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      Abstract: Objective. To discuss the influence of high-dose recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) therapy on serum vitamin D and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels in school-age children with idiopathic short stature (ISS). Method. A total of 103 school-age children with ISS were selected from June 2016 to June 2020 in our hospital. The enrolled cases were divided into the low-dose group (n = 59) and high-dose group (n = 44) according to the treatment dose of rhGH. After the treatment, the height (Ht), height standard deviation score (Ht SDS), growth velocity (GV), and other indicators were recorded. The serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25-(OH)D] and IGF-1 levels of the two groups were tested, and the occurrence of adverse reactions was recorded. Results. After treatment, the high-dose group outperformed the low-dose group in various growth effect indicators such as Ht, Ht SDS, and GV (). After treatment, the serum 25-(OH)D of children with ISS in the two groups increased significantly, but there was no significant difference between the two groups (). After treatment, the serum IGF-1 of children with ISS in the two groups increased significantly, but there was no significant difference between the two groups (). For children with ISS, adverse reactions induced by rhGH therapy were very rare. There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions induced by different doses of rhGH in the treatment of ISS ().Conclusion. rhGH has definite efficacy in the treatment of ISS children, for it can significantly increase the annual growth rate of ISS children in a dose-dependent manner. High-dose rhGH for ISS has a better therapeutic effect. At the same time, regardless of the dose level of rhGH, serum 25-(OH)D and IGF-1 levels in children with ISS were increased, with less adverse reactions and higher safety.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Oct 2021 10:35:00 +000
       
  • “Yiqi Huayu, Wenyang Lishui” Prescription (YHWLP) Improves the
           Symptoms of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease-Induced Chronic
           Pulmonary Heart Disease by Inhibiting the RhoA/ROCK Signaling Pathway

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      Abstract: Background. Chronic pulmonary heart disease (CPHD) is a common type of heart disease. In China, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the main causes of CPHD. At present, there is no specific therapy for COPD-induced CPHD, so it is of great importance to identify a new therapy for CPHD. Objective. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of “Yiqi Huayu, Wenyang Lishui” prescription (YHWLP) on CPHD symptoms. Methods. Eighty patients with COPD-induced CPHD were randomly divided into the control group and the YHWLP group, both involving treatment for 3 months. Both groups were treated with Western medicine, and the YHWLP group was also treated with YHWLP. The changes (relative to baseline) in the symptoms, pulmonary arterial pressure, prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), fibrinogen (Fbg), D-dimer (D-D), and ratio of phosphorylated (p)-myosin-binding subunit (MBS)/total (t)-MBS in peripheral blood (which indirectly indicates the activation/inhibition of RhoA/ROCK signaling) were compared between the two groups. Results. YHWLP plus Western medicine was superior to Western medicine alone at reducing symptoms, pulmonary arterial pressure, PT, aPTT, Fbg, D-D, and p-MBS/t-MBS. Conclusion. YHWLP can relieve CPHD by inhibiting the RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway, which means YHWLP is a potential treatment for CPHD.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Oct 2021 09:35:00 +000
       
  • Analysis of the Curative Effect and Influencing Factors of Collagen Sponge
           Combined with Autologous Skin Graft in the Treatment of Deep Burn Patients
           

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      Abstract: Burn is one of the common traumatic diseases in clinics. After deep burn, the complicated changes of the condition are caused by the burn wound, which ends with the repair of the wound. For patients with deep burns, whether the wound can be repaired as soon as possible is the key to the success of clinical treatment. For patients with deep burns, due to the lack of an autologous skin source, scar hyperplasia at donor site, skin graft repair at donor site, postoperative flap necrosis, and other problems in traditional surgical procedures, the method of improving function only by an autologous skin source has been unable to perform the later function reconstruction in patients with deep burns. In this study, collagen sponge combined with autologous skin graft was used to treat patients with deep burn, and the clinical efficacy of the patients was observed, and the related factors affecting the efficacy of the patients were analyzed. The results showed that collagen sponge combined with autologous skin graft was effective in the treatment of deep burn patients, and it was worth popularizing. Deep III-IV degree burns, wound infection, and hospital stay >3 months are all risk factors affecting the postoperative curative effect of patients. Therefore, in the clinical work, we should focus on patients with deep III-IV degree burns, perform surgery as soon as possible, and actively deal with wounds to prevent infection, which is beneficial to improve the curative effect.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Oct 2021 08:35:01 +000
       
 
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